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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Church of Saint-Christophe, in the commune of Créteil.

Créteil
Créteil
(French pronunciation: ​[kʁe.tɛj]) is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 11.5 km (7.1 mi) from the centre of Paris. Créteil
Créteil
is the préfecture (capital) of the Val-de-Marne
Val-de-Marne
department as well as the seat of the Arrondissement of Créteil. The city is, moreover, the seat of a Roman Catholic diocese and of one of France's 30 nationwide académies (districts) of the Ministry of National Education.

Contents

1 Name 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 History 4 The lake 5 Demographics

5.1 Immigration

6 Health 7 Education

7.1 Primary and secondary schools 7.2 Universities

8 Transport 9 Sport 10 Notable people 11 International relations 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Name[edit] The name Créteil
Créteil
was recorded for the first time as Cristoilum in the martyrology written by a monk named Usuard in 865. The name Cristoilum is made of the Celtic word ialo (meaning "clearing, glade", "place of") suffixed to a pre- Latin
Latin
radical crist- whose meaning is still unclear. Some believe crist is a Celtic word meaning "ridge", a cognate of Latin
Latin
crista and modern French crête, in which case the meaning of Cristoilum would be "clearing on the ridge" or "place on the ridge." A more traditional etymology was that crist referred to Jesus Christ, due to the very ancient presence of Christianity in Créteil
Créteil
and the veneration of Saint Agoard and Saint Aglibert, martyred in Créteil
Créteil
around AD 400. Geography[edit] Créteil
Créteil
is a city in the south-eastern suburbs of Paris. It is watered by the Marne
Marne
river which carries out its last loop before the junction with the Seine
Seine
at the Charenton-le-Pont. The area is an alluvial plain eroded by the action of the Marne
Marne
and the Seine. Bordering communes include Maisons-Alfort, Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, Bonneuil-sur-Marne, Limeil-Brévannes, Valenton, Choisy-le-Roi
Choisy-le-Roi
and Alfortville. Climate[edit] The climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Créteil
Créteil
has a marine west coast climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps.[1] History[edit] Some rare flints from the Palaeolithic
Palaeolithic
age are still being found in modern times in the area. It is, however, a two-ton, Neolithic-era polishing machine that is the prehistoric pride of Créteil. The first documents referring to Créteil
Créteil
are from the Merovingian
Merovingian
era, when it was known as Vicus Cristoilum' The name comes from the prefix crist and oilum. These two terms are thought to be Gallic: "clearing" for oilum and "ridge" for crist. The "clearing" of the "ridge" of the Mont-Mesly is on the road connecting Paris
Paris
and Sens (Trunk Road 19 today). In 1406, the place name "Créteil" makes its appearance after successive deformations from Cristoill (1278), Cristeuil, Cresteul then Creteuil. During the French Wars of Religion
French Wars of Religion
(1567), the Huguenots
Huguenots
plundered the church and burned the local charters. New disorders in 1648 forced the evacuation of the inhabitants of Créteil. The end of Louis XIV's reign was marked by a great food shortage throughout the whole of France
France
after a terrible winter in 1709 that resulted in 69 recorded deaths in Créteil. Registers of grievances from the French Revolution in 1789 mention Créteil
Créteil
15 times. At the beginning of the 18th century, construction of the first middle-class "Parisian" houses began. In 1814, the east of Créteil was taken by Russian troops. The bridge which spans the Marne
Marne
between Creteil and Saint-Maur-des-Fossés
Saint-Maur-des-Fossés
was inaugurated on 9 April 1841, replacing an ancient ferry. The Franco-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
of 1870 was particularly cruel for Créteil. The borough was plundered and left in ruins by the Prussians, while the nearby battle of Mont-Mesly on 30 November 1870, left 179 dead. Créteil
Créteil
gave up its pastoral character after World War II. The population subsequently rose from 13,800 in 1954 to 30,654 in 1962. In 1965, the city became a Préfecture
Préfecture
of the new department of the Val-de-Marne. The lake[edit] Créteil
Créteil
Lake began as a gypsum and gravel quarry. Once the groundwater was reached, forming deep ponds, the quarry was abandoned and allowed to fill with water. The lake area is now a popular recreational site attracting fishermen, boaters, wind surfers, etc... Demographics[edit] Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of Créteil
Créteil
in 1999

Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France

73.6% 26.4%

Born in Overseas France Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15
EU-15
immigrants2 Non- EU-15
EU-15
immigrants

3.9% 4.8% 2.2% 15.5%

1This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France
France
in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics. 2An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France
France
with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Health[edit] As of 1 January 2006, 27 pharmacies, about 60 dentists, about 60 general practitioners, 10 pediatricians, and a half-dozen ophthalmologists and dermatologists constitute the general medical staff of the city. Health facilities include:

CHU Henri Mondor, a publicly owned hospital inaugurated on 2 December 1969. Conceived initially for 1,300 beds, its capacity today is 958 beds. It employs more than 3,000 people including more than 2,600 looking after patients. Its expenditure in 2004 was 241M€. Centre hospitalier intercommunal de Créteil, inaugurated on 3 November 1937. Capacity of reception of 530 in-patients as against 264 in 1937. The construction of this establishment was decided in 1932 by grouping the communes of the Bonneuil-sur-Marne, Creteil and Joinville-le-Pont
Joinville-le-Pont
within an inter-communal syndicate. Saint-Maur-des-Fossés
Saint-Maur-des-Fossés
joined this syndicate later. Originally, a number of the hospital personnel were religious sisters. In 2004, 38,037 hospitalizations were listed, with 2,551 childbirths and 12,838 surgical interventions. ] It employs approximately 2,000 people with about 1,600 of them caring for patients in medical or other capacities. Centre de Transfusion sanguine. The Blood Transfusion Centre of Creteil is run by the inter-communal Hospital. This service treats from 600 to 1,000 requests per day. Albert Chenevier Hospital. A publicly owned hospital, with a 463-bed capacity. There are 118 beds in the psychiatric ward.

Education[edit] Primary and secondary schools[edit] Public schools:

24 preschools[2] 24 elementary schools[3] Eight junior high schools: Clément Guyard, Victor Hugo, Louis Issaurat, Amédée Laplace, Louis Pasteur, Plaissance, Albert Schweitzer, and Simone-de-Beauvoir[4] Four high schools: Lycée Léon Blum, Lycée Édouard Branly, Lycée Gutenberg, and Lycée Antoine de Saint-Exupery[5]

Private schools:

Ozar Hatorah (includes preschool, elementary school,[6] a junior high school divided into boys' and girls' schools,[4] and a high school divided into boys' and girls' schools[5]) De Maillé (elementary school,[6] junior high school[4]) Lycée général et technologique de l'ensemble Sainte-Marie[5] Lycée d'enseignement supérieur technique privé SUPTEK[5]

Universities[edit] The city hosts Paris
Paris
12 Val de Marne
Marne
University, officially the Paris-Est Créteil
Créteil
Val-de-Marne
Val-de-Marne
University, founded in 1970. Previously known as Université Paris
Paris
12 Val de Marne
Marne
or Université Paris
Paris
XII, the university serves more than 30,000 students and consists of seven units of formation and research (UFR), namely law, administration, literature, medicine, business & management, educational sciences and technological sciences. Transport[edit] Créteil
Créteil
is served by four stations on Paris
Paris
Métro Line 8: Créteil – L'Échat, Créteil
Créteil
– Université, Créteil
Créteil
Préfecture
Préfecture
and the newly opened (in 2011) Pointe du Lac. Sport[edit] US Créteil-Lusitanos, founded in 1936, is the city's football club. They currently play in National Championship (3rd division) and their home stadium is Stade Dominique Duvauchelle. Notable people[edit]

Jordan Aboki, basketball player Bertrand Amoussou-Guenou, mixed martial artist Jacques Barzun, author, historian Mathieu Bastareaud, rugby player Stephane Caristan, athlete Isaia Cordinier, basketball player Bruno Coqueran, basketball player Mohamed Diamé, footballer Eddy de Pretto, singer Herve Ebanda, footballer Sylviane Félix, athlete Lina Jacques-Sebastien, athlete Lahaou Konate, basketball player Azrack Mahamat, footballer Axel Médéric, figure skater Modibo Niakate, basketball player Michael Nkololo, footballer Fabien Paschal, basketball player Marc Raquil, athlete Christopher Samba, footballer Richard Soumah, footballer Sammy Traoré, footballer

International relations[edit]

Créteil
Créteil
twinnings

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Créteil
Créteil
is twinned with:

Falkirk, Scotland, United Kingdom[7] Kiryat Yam, Israel Mataró, Spain Salzgitter, Germany

Cotonou, Benin Les Abymes, France
France
(Guadeloupe) Playa, Cuba Gyumri, Armenia

See also[edit]

Communes of the Val-de-Marne
Val-de-Marne
department

References[edit]

INSEE Mayors of Essonne
Essonne
Association (in French)

^ Climate Summary for Créteil, France ^ "Écoles maternelles ." Créteil. Retrieved on September 4, 2016. ^ "Écoles élémentaires ." Créteil. Retrieved on September 4, 2016. ^ a b c "Collèges." Créteil. Retrieved on September 4, 2016. ^ a b c d "Lycées." Créteil. Retrieved on September 4, 2016. ^ a b "Écoles maternelles et élémentaires privées ." Créteil. Retrieved on September 4, 2016. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Créteil.

Official website Paris
Paris
XII- Val-de-Marne
Val-de-Marne
University located in Créteil

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Communes in the Metropolitan Area of Paris

Population over 2 million

City of Paris

Population over 100,000

Argenteuil Boulogne-Billancourt Montreuil Saint-Denis

Population over 75,000

Asnières-sur-Seine Aubervilliers Aulnay-sous-Bois Champigny-sur-Marne Colombes Courbevoie Créteil Nanterre Rueil-Malmaison Versailles Vitry-sur-Seine

Population over 50,000

Antony Le Blanc-Mesnil Bondy Cergy Chelles Clamart Clichy Drancy Épinay-sur-Seine Évry Fontenay-sous-Bois Issy-les-Moulineaux Ivry-sur-Seine Levallois-Perret Maisons-Alfort Meaux Neuilly-sur-Seine Noisy-le-Grand Pantin Saint-Maur-des-Fossés Sarcelles Sartrouville Sevran Villejuif

Population over 25,000

Alfortville Athis-Mons Bagneux Bagnolet Bezons Bobigny Bois-Colombes Brunoy Bussy-Saint-Georges Cachan Charenton-le-Pont Châtenay-Malabry Châtillon Chatou Le Chesnay Choisy-le-Roi Clichy-sous-Bois Conflans-Sainte-Honorine Corbeil-Essonnes La Courneuve Draveil Élancourt Ermont Franconville Fresnes Gagny La Garenne-Colombes Garges-lès-Gonesse Gennevilliers Gonesse Goussainville Grigny Guyancourt L'Haÿ-les-Roses Herblay Houilles Le Kremlin-Bicêtre Livry-Gargan Malakoff Mantes-la-Jolie Massy Melun Meudon Montfermeil Montigny-le-Bretonneux Montrouge Les Mureaux Neuilly-sur-Marne Nogent-sur-Marne Noisy-le-Sec Palaiseau Le Perreux-sur-Marne Pierrefitte-sur-Seine Plaisir Le Plessis-Robinson Poissy Pontault-Combault Pontoise Puteaux Rambouillet Ris-Orangis Romainville Rosny-sous-Bois Saint-Cloud Saint-Germain-en-Laye Saint-Ouen Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Sannois Savigny-sur-Orge Savigny-le-Temple Stains Sucy-en-Brie Suresnes Taverny Thiais Trappes Tremblay-en-France Vanves Vigneux-sur-Seine Villemomble Villeneuve-la-Garenne Villeneuve-Saint-Georges Villeparisis Villepinte Villiers-le-Bel Villiers-sur-Marne Vincennes Viry-Châtillon Yerres

Population under 25,000

1,669 other communes

v t e

Communes of the Val-de-Marne
Val-de-Marne
department

Ablon-sur-Seine Alfortville Arcueil Boissy-Saint-Léger Bonneuil-sur-Marne Bry-sur-Marne Cachan Champigny-sur-Marne Charenton-le-Pont Chennevières-sur-Marne Chevilly-Larue Choisy-le-Roi Créteil Fontenay-sous-Bois Fresnes Gentilly L'Haÿ-les-Roses Ivry-sur-Seine Joinville-le-Pont Le Kremlin-Bicêtre Limeil-Brévannes Maisons-Alfort Mandres-les-Roses Marolles-en-Brie Nogent-sur-Marne Noiseau Orly Ormesson-sur-Marne Périgny Le Perreux-sur-Marne Le Plessis-Trévise La Queue-en-Brie Rungis Saint-Mandé Saint-Maur-des-Fossés Saint-Maurice Santeny Sucy-en-Brie Thiais Valenton Villecresnes Villejuif Villeneuve-le-Roi Villeneuve-Saint-Georges Villiers-sur-Marne Vincennes Vitry-sur-Seine

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 132567807 LCCN: n83239583 GND: 4085358-5 BNF:

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