HOME
The Info List - County Fermanagh


--- Advertisement ---



County Fermanagh
Fermanagh
(/fərˈmænə/ fər-MAN-ə; from Irish: Fir Manach or Fear Manach, meaning "men of Manach") is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland
Ireland
and one of the six counties of Northern Ireland. The county covers an area of 1,691 km² (653 sq mi) and has a population of 61,805 as of 2011.[5] Enniskillen
Enniskillen
is the county town and largest in both size and population. Fermanagh
Fermanagh
is one of four counties of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
to have a majority of its population from a Catholic background, according to the 2011 census.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Administration 4 Industry and tourism 5 Settlements

5.1 Large towns 5.2 Medium towns 5.3 Small towns 5.4 Intermediate settlements 5.5 Villages 5.6 Small villages or hamlets

6 Subdivisions 7 Media 8 Sport 9 Notable people 10 Surnames 11 Railways 12 See also 13 Notes 14 References 15 External links

Geography[edit] Fermanagh
Fermanagh
borders County Tyrone
County Tyrone
to the north-east, County Monaghan
County Monaghan
to the south-east, County Cavan
County Cavan
to the south-west, County Leitrim
County Leitrim
to the west and County Donegal
County Donegal
to the north-west. The county town, Enniskillen, is the largest settlement in Fermanagh, situated in the middle of the county. It is mainly rural and is situated largely in the basin of the River Erne. It is dominated by two connected lakes: Upper and Lower Lough Erne, and, including water, spans an area of 1,851 km² (715 sq; mi).[6] It is approximately 120 km (75 mi) from Belfast
Belfast
and 160 km (99 mi) from Dublin. Fermanagh
Fermanagh
accounts for 13.2% of land mass of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
and 30% of Fermanagh
Fermanagh
is covered with lakes and waterways. History[edit] The Menapii are the only known Celtic tribe specifically named on Ptolemy’s 150 AD map of Ireland, where they located their first colony- Menapia – on the Leinster
Leinster
coast circa 216 BC. They later settled around Lough Erne, becoming known as the Fir Manach, and giving their name to Fermanagh
Fermanagh
and Monaghan. Mongán mac Fiachnai, a 7th-century King of Ulster, is the protagonist of several legends linking him with Manannán mac Lir. They spread across Ireland, evolving into historic Irish (also Scottish and Manx) clans. The Annals of Ulster
Ulster
which cover medieval Ireland
Ireland
between AD 431 to AD 1540 were written at Belle Isle on Lough Erne
Lough Erne
near Lisbellaw. Fermanagh
Fermanagh
was a stronghold of the Maguire clan and Donn Carrach Maguire (died 1302) was the first of the chiefs of the Maguire dynasty. However, on the confiscation of lands relating to Hugh Maguire, Fermanagh
Fermanagh
was divided in similar manner to the other five escheated counties among Scottish and English undertakers and native Irish. The baronies of Knockninny
Knockninny
and Magheraboy
Magheraboy
were allotted to Scottish undertakers, those of Clankelly, Magherastephana
Magherastephana
and Lurg
Lurg
to English undertakers and those of Clanawley, Coole, and Tyrkennedy, to servitors and natives. The chief families to benefit under the new settlement were the families of Cole, Blennerhasset, Butler, Hume, and Dunbar. Fermanagh
Fermanagh
was made into a county by statute of Elizabeth I, but it was not until the time of the Plantation of Ulster
Ulster
that it was finally brought under civil government. The closure of all the lines of Great Northern Railway (Ireland) within County Fermanagh
Fermanagh
in 1957 left the county as the first non-island county in the UK without a railway service. Administration[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1653 5,498 —    

1659 7,102 +29.2%

1821 130,997 +1744.5%

1831 149,763 +14.3%

1841 156,481 +4.5%

1851 116,047 −25.8%

1861 105,768 −8.9%

1871 92,794 −12.3%

1881 84,879 −8.5%

1891 74,170 −12.6%

1901 65,430 −11.8%

1911 61,836 −5.5%

1926 57,984 −6.2%

1937 54,569 −5.9%

1951 53,044 −2.8%

1961 51,531 −2.9%

1966 49,886 −3.2%

1971 50,255 +0.7%

1981 51,594 +2.7%

1991 54,033 +4.7%

2001 57,527 +6.5%

2011 61,170 +6.3%

[7][8][9][10][11][12]

With the creation of Northern Ireland's district councils, Fermanagh District Council the only one of the 26 that contained all of the county from which it derived its name. After the re-organisation of local government in 2015, Fermanagh
Fermanagh
was still the only county wholly within one council area, namely Fermanagh
Fermanagh
and Omagh District Council, albeit that it constituted only a part of that entity. For the purposes of elections to the UK Parliament, the territory of Fermanagh
Fermanagh
is part of the Fermanagh
Fermanagh
and South Tyrone
Tyrone
Parliamentary Constituency. This constituency is renowned for high levels of voting[citation needed] and for electing Provisional IRA hunger-striker Bobby Sands
Bobby Sands
as a member of parliament in the Fermanagh and South Tyrone
Tyrone
by-election, April 1981, shortly before his death. Industry and tourism[edit] Agriculture and tourism are two of the most important industries in Fermanagh. The main types of farming in the area are beef, dairy, sheep, pigs and some poultry. Most of the agricultural land is used as grassland for grazing and silage or hay rather than for other crops. The waterways are extensively used by cabin cruisers, other small pleasure craft and anglers. The main town of Fermanagh
Fermanagh
is Enniskillen (Inis Ceithleann, 'Ceithleann's island'). The island town hosts a range of attractions including the Castle Coole
Castle Coole
Estate and Enniskillen Castle, which is home to the museum of The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Attractions outside Enniskillen
Enniskillen
include:

Belleek Pottery Castle Archdale Crom Estate Devenish Island Florence Court Marble Arch Caves Tempo Manor

Settlements[edit] Large towns[edit] (population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)[13]

none

Medium towns[edit] (population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)[13]

Enniskillen

Small towns[edit] (population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)[13]

none

Intermediate settlements[edit] (population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)[13]

Lisnaskea

Villages[edit] (population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)[13]

Ballinamallard Irvinestown Lisbellaw

Small villages or hamlets[edit] (population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census)[13]

Belcoo Bellanaleck Belleek Boho Brookeborough Derrygonnelly Derrylin Ederney Florencecourt Garrison Kesh Maguiresbridge Newtownbutler Rosslea Teemore Tempo

Subdivisions[edit] Baronies

Baronies of County Fermanagh
Fermanagh
within Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
with civil parish boundaries

Main article: Baronies of Ireland

Clanawley Clankelly Coole Knockninny Lurg Magheraboy Magherastephana Tirkennedy

Parishes Main article: List of civil parishes of County Fermanagh Townlands Main article: List of townlands in County Fermanagh Media[edit] Newspapers

The Fermanagh
Fermanagh
Herald The Impartial Reporter

Sport[edit]

Fermanagh
Fermanagh
born goalkeeper Roy Carroll
Roy Carroll
playing with Derby County

Main article: Fermanagh
Fermanagh
GAA Fermanagh
Fermanagh
GAA has never won a Senior Provincial or an All-Ireland title in any Gaelic games. Only Ballinamallard
Ballinamallard
United F.C. take part in the Northern Ireland football league system. All other Fermanagh
Fermanagh
clubs play in the Fermanagh
Fermanagh
& Western FA league systems. Fermanagh
Fermanagh
Mallards F.C. played in the Women's Premier League until 2013. Famous Football players from Fermanagh
Fermanagh
include Roy Carroll, Harry Chatton, Barry Owens and Kyle Lafferty. Notable people[edit] Famous people born, raised in or living in Fermanagh
Fermanagh
include: <~-- (Please make additions in alphabetical order.)-->

John Armstrong (1717–1795), born in Fermanagh, Major General in the Continental Army and delegate in the Continental Congressman[14] Samuel Beckett
Samuel Beckett
(1906–1989), author and playwright from Foxrock
Foxrock
in Dublin
Dublin
who was educated at Portora Royal School) The 1st Viscount Brookeborough, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, 1943-1963 Denis Parsons Burkitt (1911–1993), doctor, discoverer of Burkitt's lymphoma Roy Carroll
Roy Carroll
(1977– ), association footballer Edward Cooney
Edward Cooney
(1867–1960), evangelist and early leader of the Cooneyite
Cooneyite
and Go-Preachers Brian D'Arcy (1945– ), C.P., Passionist priest and media personality Brendan Dolan (1973– ), professional darts player for the PDC Adrian Dunbar
Adrian Dunbar
(1958– ), actor Neil Hannon
Neil Hannon
(1970– ), musician Robert Kerr (1882–1963), athlete and Olympic gold medalist Kyle Lafferty
Kyle Lafferty
(1987– ), Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
International association footballer Charles Lawson (1959– ), actor (plays Jim McDonald in Coronation Street) Francis Little (1822–1890), born in Fermanagh, Wisconsin State Senator Terence MacManus
Terence MacManus
(c. 1823–1861), leader in Young Irelander Rebellion of 1848 Michael Magner
Michael Magner
(1840–97), recipient of the Victoria Cross Peter McGinnity, Gaelic footballer, Fermanagh's first winner of an All Star Award Martin McGrath, Gaelic footballer, All Star winner Ciarán McMenamin (1975– ), actor Barry Owens, ]]Gaelic footballer, two time All Star winner Sean Quinn (1947– ), entrepreneur Michael Sleavon
Michael Sleavon
(1826-1902), recipient of the Victoria Cross Patrick Treacy, author and one time physician to Michael Jackson Joan Trimble (1915–2000), pianist and composer Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
(1854–1900), author and playwright (educated in Portora Royal School) Gordon Wilson (1927–1995), peace campaigner and Irish senator

Surnames[edit] The most common surnames in County Fermanagh
Fermanagh
at the time of the United Kingdom Census of 1901 were:[15][unreliable source?]

Maguire McManus Johnston Armstrong Gallagher Elliott Murphy Reilly Cassidy Wilson

Railways[edit] The railway lines in County Fermanagh
Fermanagh
connected Enniskillen
Enniskillen
railway station with Derry
Derry
from 1854, Dundalk
Dundalk
from 1861, Bundoran
Bundoran
from 1868 and Sligo
Sligo
from 1882.[16] The railway companies that served the county, prior to the establishment by merger of Londonderry and Enniskillen
Enniskillen
Railway, Enniskillen
Enniskillen
and Bundoran
Bundoran
Railway the Dundalk
Dundalk
and Enniskillen
Enniskillen
Railway which was later named the Irish North Western Railway, thus forming the Great Northern Railway (Ireland). By 1883 the Great Northern Railway (Ireland) absorbed all the lines except the Sligo, Leitrim and Northern Counties Railway, which remained independent throughout its existence. In October 1957 the Government of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
closed the GNR line, which made it impossible for the SL&NCR continue and forced it also to close.[17] The nearest railway station to Enniskillen
Enniskillen
is Sligo
Sligo
station which is served by trains to Dublin
Dublin
Connolly and is operated by Iarnród Éireann. The Dublin- Sligo
Sligo
railway line has a two hourly service run by Irish Rail Official site – Timetables, bookings and operations The connecting bus from Sligo
Sligo
via Manorhamilton
Manorhamilton
to Enniskillen
Enniskillen
is route 66 operated by Bus Éireann. See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to County Fermanagh.

Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(County Fermanagh) Castles in County Fermanagh Extreme points of the United Kingdom High Sheriff of Fermanagh List of parishes of County Fermanagh List of places in County Fermanagh List of townlands in County Fermanagh Lord Lieutenant of Fermanagh People from County Fermanagh

Notes[edit]

^ "Background Information on Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Society – Population and Vital Statistics". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 20 October 2012.  ^ "North-South Ministerial Council: 2004 Annual Report in Ulster Scots" (PDF). Northsouthministerialcouncil.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 September 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012.  ^ "Tourism Ireland: Yierly Report 2007". Tourismireland.com. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012.  ^ "Dungannon & South Tyrone
Tyrone
Borough Council". Dungannon.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 8 April 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2012.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-06.  ^ "County Fermanagh
Fermanagh
- definition of County Fermanagh
Fermanagh
by The Free Dictionary". Thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 2016-08-17.  ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865. ^ "Central Statistics Office: 2011 Census". Cso.ie. Retrieved 20 October 2012.  ^ "Histpop – The Online Historical Population Reports Website". Histpop.org. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2012.  ^ "NISRA – Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Statistics and Research Agency". Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012.  ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.  ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. hdl:10197/1406.  ^ a b c d e f "Statistical classification of settlements". NI Neighbourhood Information Service. Retrieved 23 February 2009.  ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.  ^ " Fermanagh
Fermanagh
Genealogy Resources & Parish Registers Ulster". Forebears.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-08-17.  ^ Hajducki, S. Maxwell (1974). A Railway Atlas of Ireland. Newton Abbott: David & Charles. maps 6, 7, 12. ISBN 0-7153-5167-2.  ^ Sprinks, N.W. (1970). Sligo, Leitrim and Northern Counties Railway. Billericay: Irish Railway Record Society (London Area). 

References[edit]

Clogher Record "Fermanagh" A Dictionary of British Place-Names. A. D. Mills. Oxford University Press, 2003. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Public Libraries. 25 July 2007 "Fermanagh" Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Library Edition. 25 July 2007 <http://library.eb.co.uk/eb/article-9034047>. Fermanagh: its special landscapes: a study of the Fermanagh countryside and its heritage /Department of the Environment for Northern Ireland. – Belfast: HMSO, 1991 ISBN 0-337-08276-6 Livingstone, Peadar. – The Fermanagh
Fermanagh
story:a documented history of the County Fermanagh
Fermanagh
from the earliest times to the present day – Enniskillen: Cumann Seanchais Chlochair, 1969. Lowe, Henry N. – County Fermanagh
Fermanagh
100 years ago: a guide and directory 1880. – Belfast: Friar's Bush Press, 1990. ISBN 0-946872-29-5 Parke, William K. – A Fermanagh
Fermanagh
Childhood. Derrygonnelly, Co Fermanagh: Friar's Bush Press, 1988. ISBN 0-946872-12-0 Impartial Reporter Fermanagh
Fermanagh
Herald

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to County Fermanagh.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for County Fermanagh.

County Fermanagh
Fermanagh
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) A folk history of Fermanagh

Places adjacent to County Fermanagh

County Donegal
County Donegal
County Tyrone
County Tyrone

County Leitrim
County Leitrim

County Fermanagh

County Monaghan

County Cavan
County Cavan

v t e

Places in County Fermanagh

List of places in County Fermanagh

Towns

Enniskillen

Villages and townlands

Aghadrumsee Aghakeeran Aghanaglack Arney Ballinamallard Ballycassidy Belcoo Bellanaleck Belleek Blaney Boho Brookeborough Carn Carr Castle Balfour Castle Coole Clabby Clogherbog Derrygonnelly Derrylin Derryvore Donagh Drumbegger Drumlaghy Drumskinny Ederney Florencecourt Garrison Glenkeel Holywell Irvinestown Kesh Killadeas Kilnamadoo Killydrum Kinawly Knockmore Knocknahunshin Knocks Lack Laragh Letterbreen Levally Lower Lisbellaw Lisnarick Lisnaskea Macken Magheraveely Maguiresbridge Monea Moylehid Newtownbutler Pettigo Reyfad Rosslea Skea Springfield Tamlaght Tattykeeran Teemore Tempo Trory Tullyhommon Tullygerravra

Landforms

Badger Pot Boa Island Belmore Benaughlin Caves of Tullybrack and Belmore hills Cliffs of Magho Cuilcagh Devinish Hanging Rock Knockmore Lough Erne Lough MacNean Lough Melvin Lusty Beg Island Lustymore Island Marble Arch Caves Slieve Beag Slieve Rushen White Island

Baronies

Clanawley Clankelly Coole Knockninny Lurg Magheraboy Magherastephana Tirkennedy

WikiProject Northern Ireland WikiProject Ireland Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Portal United Kingdom Portal Ireland
Ireland
Portal

v t e

Counties and cities of Northern Ireland

Counties

Antrim Armagh Down Fermanagh Londonderry Tyrone

Cities

Armagh Belfast Derry Lisburn Newry

v t e

Counties of Ireland

The counties are listed per province

 Connacht

Galway Leitrim Mayo Roscommon Sligo

 Leinster

Carlow Dublin

Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown Fingal South Dublin

Kildare Kilkenny Laois Longford Louth Meath Offaly Westmeath Wexford Wicklow

 Munster

Clare Cork Kerry Limerick Tipperary Waterford

 Ulster

Antrim† Armagh† Cavan Donegal Down† Fermanagh† Londonderry† Monaghan Tyrone†

Italics denote non-administrative counties. Brackets denote non-traditional counties. †denotes non-administrative counties of Northern Ireland

v t e

Kingdom of Ireland

History

Timeline of Irish history History of Ireland
Ireland
(1536–1691) History of Ireland
Ireland
(1691–1801)

General and events

Lordship of Ireland British Empire Poynings' Law Crown of Ireland
Ireland
Act 1542 Tudor conquest of Ireland New English Surrender and regrant Protestantism Desmond Rebellions Plantations of Ireland
Ireland
(Ulster) Nine Years' War (Flight of the Earls) Penal Laws Irish Rebellion of 1641 Irish Confederate Wars Wars of the Three Kingdoms Cromwellian conquest of Ireland
Ireland
(Settlement and Barbadosed) Williamite–Jacobite War (Wild Geese) Popery Act Constitution of 1782 Irish Rebellion of 1798 Acts of Union 1800 United Kingdom

Gaelic conquests

Tuadhmhumhain (1543) Uí Echach (1543) Loígis (1543) Uí Failghe (1550) Uí Díarmata
Uí Díarmata
(1574) Clann Aodha Buidhe (1574) Magh Luirg (1585) Airgíalla
Airgíalla
(1585) Iar Connacht
Connacht
(1589) Umhaill
Umhaill
(1593) Deasmhumhain (1596) Mac William Íochtar
Mac William Íochtar
(1602) Laigin (1603) Bréifne Uí Ruairc (1605) Cairbrigh (1606) Tír Chonaill (1607) Tír Eoghain (1607) Fear Manach (1607) Uí Catháin (1607) Bréifne Uí Raghallaigh (1607) Uí Maine
Uí Maine
(1611)

Politics and society

Dublin
Dublin
Castle administration Parliament of Ireland
Ireland
( Irish House of Lords
Irish House of Lords
and Irish House of Commons) Privy Council of Ireland Four Courts
Four Courts
(King's Bench, Exchequer, Chancery and Common Pleas) Court of Castle Chamber Peerage of Ireland Army Church of Ireland Grand Lodge of Ireland Trinity College, Dublin Order of St Patrick Jacobites Whigs Tories Irish Patriots Defenders Orangism United Irishmen

Monarchs and rulers

Henry VIII (1542–47) Edward VI (1547–53) Lady Jane Grey
Lady Jane Grey
(1553; disputed) Mary I (1553–58) & Philip jure uxoris (1554–58) Elizabeth I (1558–1603) James I (1603–25) Charles I (1625–49) Commonwealth (1649–53) Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
(1653–58) Richard Cromwell
Richard Cromwell
(1658–59) Commonwealth (1659–60) Charles II (1660–85) James II (1685–91) William III (1689–1702) & Mary II (1689–94) Anne (1702–14) George I (1714–27) George II (1727–60) George III (1760–1800)

British Empire
British Empire
portal Ireland
Ireland
portal Cat

.