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COUNTY FERMANAGH (/fərˈmænə/ fər-MA-nə ; from Irish : Fir Manach or Fear Manach, meaning "men of Manach") is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
. The county covers an area of 1,691 km² (653 sq mi) and has a population of about 61,805. Enniskillen is the county town and largest in both size and population. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland
Ireland
, as well as part of the historic province of Ulster
Ulster
.

Fermanagh is one of four counties of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
to have a majority of its population from a Catholic background, according to the 2011 census .

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Administration * 4 Industry and tourism

* 5 Settlements

* 5.1 Large towns * 5.2 Medium towns * 5.3 Small towns * 5.4 Intermediate settlements * 5.5 Villages * 5.6 Small villages or hamlets

* 6 Subdivisions * 7 Media * 8 Sport * 9 Notable people * 10 Surnames * 11 See also * 12 Notes * 13 References * 14 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Fermanagh borders County Tyrone to the north-east, County Monaghan
County Monaghan
to the south-east, County Cavan
County Cavan
to the south-west, County Leitrim to the west and County Donegal
County Donegal
to the north-west. The county town, Enniskillen, is the largest settlement in Fermanagh, situated in the middle of the county.

It is mainly rural and is situated largely in the basin of the River Erne . It is dominated by two connected lakes: Upper and Lower Lough Erne , and, including water, spans an area of 1,851 km² (715 sq; mi). It is approximately 120 km (75 mi) from Belfast
Belfast
and 160 km (99 mi) from Dublin
Dublin
.

Fermanagh accounts for 13.2% of land mass of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
and 30% of Fermanagh is covered with lakes and waterways.

HISTORY

The Menapii are the only known Celtic tribe specifically named on Ptolemy
Ptolemy
’s 150 AD map of Ireland
Ireland
, where they located their first colony- Menapia – on the Leinster
Leinster
coast circa 216 BC. They later settled around Lough Erne
Lough Erne
, becoming known as the Fir Manach, and giving their name to Fermanagh and Monaghan . Mongán mac Fiachnai , a 7th century King of Ulster
Ulster
, is the protagonist of several legends linking him with Manannán mac Lir . They spread across Ireland
Ireland
, evolving into historic Irish (also Scottish and Manx) clans.

The Annals of Ulster
Ulster
which cover medieval Ireland
Ireland
between AD 431 to AD 1540 were written at Belle Isle on Lough Erne
Lough Erne
near Lisbellaw
Lisbellaw
.

Fermanagh was a stronghold of the Maguire clan and Donn Carrach Maguire (died 1302) was the first of the chiefs of the Maguire dynasty. However, on the confiscation of lands relating to Hugh Maguire , Fermanagh was divided in similar manner to the other five escheated counties among Scottish and English undertakers and native Irish. The baronies of Knockninny and Magheraboy were allotted to Scottish undertakers, those of Clankelly , Magherastephana and Lurg to English undertakers and those of Clanawley , Coole , and Tyrkennedy , to servitors and natives. The chief families to benefit under the new settlement were the families of Cole, Blennerhasset, Butler, Hume, and Dunbar.

Fermanagh was made into a county by statute of Elizabeth I, but it was not until the time of the Plantation of Ulster
Ulster
that it was finally brought under civil government.

The closure of all the lines of Great Northern Railway (Ireland) within County Fermanagh in 1957 left the county as the first non-island county in the UK without a railway service.

ADMINISTRATION

HISTORICAL POPULATION

YEAR POP. ±%

1653 5,498 —

1659 7,102 +29.2%

1821 130,997 +1744.5%

1831 149,763 +14.3%

1841 156,481 +4.5%

1851 116,047 −25.8%

1861 105,768 −8.9%

1871 92,794 −12.3%

1881 84,879 −8.5%

1891 74,170 −12.6%

1901 65,430 −11.8%

1911 61,836 −5.5%

1926 57,984 −6.2%

1937 54,569 −5.9%

1951 53,044 −2.8%

1961 51,531 −2.9%

1966 49,886 −3.2%

1971 50,255 +0.7%

1981 51,594 +2.7%

1991 54,033 +4.7%

2001 57,527 +6.5%

2011 61,170 +6.3%

With the creation of Northern Ireland's district councils, Fermanagh District Council the only one of the 26 that contained all of the county from which it derived its name. After the re-organisation of local government in 2015, Fermanagh was still the only county wholly within one council area, namely Fermanagh and Omagh District Council , albeit that it constituted only a part of that entity.

For the purposes of elections to the UK Parliament, the territory of Fermanagh is part of the Fermanagh and South Tyrone Parliamentary Constituency . This constituency is renowned for high levels of voting and for electing Provisional IRA hunger-striker Bobby Sands as a member of parliament in the Fermanagh and South Tyrone by-election, April 1981 , shortly before his death.

INDUSTRY AND TOURISM

Agriculture and tourism are two of the most important industries in Fermanagh. The main types of farming in the area are beef, dairy, sheep, pigs and some poultry. Most of the agricultural land is used as grassland for grazing and silage or hay rather than for other crops.

The waterways are extensively used by cabin cruisers, other small pleasure craft and anglers. The main town of Fermanagh is Enniskillen (Inis Ceithleann, 'Ceithleann's island'). The island town hosts a range of attractions including the Castle Coole Estate and Enniskillen Castle , which is home to the museum of The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards .

Attractions outside Enniskillen include:

* Belleek Pottery * Castle Archdale
Castle Archdale
* Crom Estate
Crom Estate
* Devenish Island * Florence Court
Florence Court
* Marble Arch Caves
Marble Arch Caves

SETTLEMENTS

LARGE TOWNS

(population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)

* none

MEDIUM TOWNS

(population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)

* Enniskillen

SMALL TOWNS

(population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)

* none

INTERMEDIATE SETTLEMENTS

(population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)

* Lisnaskea

VILLAGES

(population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)

* Ballinamallard * Irvinestown * Lisbellaw
Lisbellaw

SMALL VILLAGES OR HAMLETS

(population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census)

* Belcoo * Bellanaleck * Belleek * Boho * Brookeborough * Derrygonnelly * Derrylin * Ederney * Florencecourt * Garrison * Kesh * Maguiresbridge * Newtownbutler * Rosslea
Rosslea
* Teemore * Tempo

SUBDIVISIONS

BARONIES Baronies of County Fermanagh within Northern Ireland with civil parish boundaries Main article: Baronies of Ireland
Ireland

* Clanawley * Clankelly * Coole * Knockninny * Lurg * Magheraboy * Magherastephana * Tirkennedy

PARISHES Main article: List of civil parishes of County Fermanagh

TOWNLANDS Main article: List of townlands in County Fermanagh

MEDIA

NEWSPAPERS

* The Fermanagh Herald * The Impartial Reporter

SPORT

Fermanagh born Goalkeeper Roy Carroll
Roy Carroll
playing with Derby County . Main article: Fermanagh GAA

Fermanagh GAA has never won a Senior Provincial or an All-Ireland title in any Gaelic games.

Only Ballinamallard United F.C. take part in the Northern Ireland football league system . All other Fermanagh clubs play in the Fermanagh & Western FA league systems. Fermanagh Mallards F.C. played in the Women\'s Premier League until 2013. Famous Football players from Fermanagh include Roy Carroll
Roy Carroll
, Harry Chatton , Barry Owens and Kyle Lafferty .

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Famous people born, raised in or living in Fermanagh. (Please make additions in alphabetical order.)

* John Armstrong (1717–1795), born in Fermanagh, Major General in the Continental Army and delegate in the Continental Congressman * Samuel Beckett
Samuel Beckett
(1906–1989), author and playwright from Foxrock in Dublin
Dublin
who was educated at Portora Royal School ) * The 1st Viscount Brookeborough , Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
Ireland
1943-1963. * Denis Parsons Burkitt (1911–1993), doctor – discoverer of Burkitt\'s lymphoma * Roy Carroll
Roy Carroll
(1977– ), association footballer * Edward Cooney (1867–1960), evangelist and early leader of the Cooneyite and Go-Preachers * Brian D\'Arcy (1945– ), C.P., Passionist priest and media personality * Brendan Dolan (1973– ), Professional darts player for the PDC * Adrian Dunbar (1958– ), actor * Neil Hannon (1970– ), musician * Robert Kerr (1882–1963), athlete ">

* 1. Maguire * 2. McManus * 3. Johnston * 4. Armstrong * 5. Gallagher * 6. Elliott * 7. Murphy
Murphy
* 8. Reilly * 9. Cassidy * 10. Wilson

SEE ALSO

Wikimedia Commons has media related to COUNTY FERMANAGH .

* Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(County Fermanagh) * Castles in County Fermanagh * Extreme points of the United Kingdom
Extreme points of the United Kingdom
* High Sheriff of Fermanagh * List of parishes of County Fermanagh * List of places in County Fermanagh * List of townlands in County Fermanagh * Lord Lieutenant of Fermanagh * People from County Fermanagh * Silver bands in County Fermanagh

NOTES

* ^ "Background Information on Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Society – Population and Vital Statistics". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 20 October 2012. * ^ "North-South Ministerial Council: 2004 Annual Report in Ulster Scots" (PDF). Northsouthministerialcouncil.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 September 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012. * ^ "Tourism Ireland: Yierly Report 2007". Tourismireland.com. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012.

* ^ "Dungannon & South Tyrone Borough Council". Dungannon.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 October 2012. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-06. * ^ "County Fermanagh - definition of County Fermanagh by The Free Dictionary". Thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 2016-08-17. * ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865. * ^ "Central Statistics Office: 2011 Census". Cso.ie. Retrieved 20 October 2012. * ^ "Histpop – The Online Historical Population Reports Website". Histpop.org. Retrieved 20 October 2012. * ^ "NISRA – Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Statistics and Research Agency". Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012. * ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. * ^ Mokyr, Joel ; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi :10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x . * ^ A B C D E F "Statistical classification of settlements". NI Neighbourhood Information Service. Retrieved 23 February 2009. * ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. * ^ " Fermanagh Genealogy Resources & Parish Registers Ulster". Forebears.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-08-17.

REFERENCES

* Clogher Record * "Fermanagh" A Dictionary of British Place-Names. A. D. Mills. Oxford University Press, 2003. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Public Libraries. 25 July 2007 * "Fermanagh" Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Library Edition. 25 July 2007 . * Fermanagh: its special landscapes: a study of the Fermanagh countryside and its heritage /Department of the Environment for Northern Ireland. – Belfast: HMSO, 1991 ISBN 0-337-08276-6 * Livingstone, Peadar . – The Fermanagh story:a documented history of the County Fermanagh from the earliest times to the present day – Enniskillen: Cumann Seanchais Chlochair, 1969. * Lowe, Henry N. – County Fermanagh 100 years ago: a guide and directory 1880. – Belfast: Friar's Bush Press, 1990. ISBN 0-946872-29-5 * Parke, William K. – A Fermanagh Childhood. Derrygonnelly, Co Fermanagh: Friar's Bush Press, 1988. ISBN 0-946872-12-0 * Impartial Reporter * Fermanagh Herald

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to COUNTY FERMANAGH .

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