Fermanagh (/fərˈmænə/ fər-MAN-ə; from Irish: Fir Manach
or Fear Manach, meaning "men of Manach") is one of the thirty-two
Ireland and one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.
The county covers an area of 1,691 km² (653 sq mi) and has a
population of 61,805 as of 2011.
Enniskillen is the county town and
largest in both size and population.
Fermanagh is one of four counties of
Northern Ireland to have a
majority of its population from a Catholic background, according to
the 2011 census.
4 Industry and tourism
5.1 Large towns
5.2 Medium towns
5.3 Small towns
5.4 Intermediate settlements
5.6 Small villages or hamlets
9 Notable people
12 See also
15 External links
County Tyrone to the north-east,
County Monaghan to
County Cavan to the south-west,
County Leitrim to the
County Donegal to the north-west. The county town,
Enniskillen, is the largest settlement in Fermanagh, situated in the
middle of the county.
It is mainly rural and is situated largely in the basin of the River
Erne. It is dominated by two connected lakes: Upper and Lower Lough
Erne, and, including water, spans an area of 1,851 km²
(715 sq; mi). It is approximately 120 km
(75 mi) from
Belfast and 160 km (99 mi) from Dublin.
Fermanagh accounts for 13.2% of land mass of
Northern Ireland and 30%
Fermanagh is covered with lakes and waterways.
The Menapii are the only known Celtic tribe specifically named on
Ptolemy’s 150 AD map of Ireland, where they located their first
colony- Menapia – on the
Leinster coast circa 216 BC. They later
settled around Lough Erne, becoming known as the Fir Manach, and
giving their name to
Fermanagh and Monaghan. Mongán mac Fiachnai, a
7th-century King of Ulster, is the protagonist of several legends
linking him with Manannán mac Lir. They spread across Ireland,
evolving into historic Irish (also Scottish and Manx) clans.
The Annals of
Ulster which cover medieval
Ireland between AD 431 to AD
1540 were written at Belle Isle on
Lough Erne near Lisbellaw.
Fermanagh was a stronghold of the Maguire clan and Donn Carrach
Maguire (died 1302) was the first of the chiefs of the Maguire
dynasty. However, on the confiscation of lands relating to Hugh
Fermanagh was divided in similar manner to the other five
escheated counties among Scottish and English undertakers and native
Irish. The baronies of
Magheraboy were allotted to
Scottish undertakers, those of Clankelly,
English undertakers and those of Clanawley, Coole, and Tyrkennedy, to
servitors and natives. The chief families to benefit under the new
settlement were the families of Cole, Blennerhasset, Butler, Hume, and
Fermanagh was made into a county by statute of Elizabeth I, but it was
not until the time of the Plantation of
Ulster that it was finally
brought under civil government.
The closure of all the lines of Great Northern Railway (Ireland)
Fermanagh in 1957 left the county as the first
non-island county in the UK without a railway service.
With the creation of Northern Ireland's district councils, Fermanagh
District Council the only one of the 26 that contained all of the
county from which it derived its name. After the re-organisation of
local government in 2015,
Fermanagh was still the only county wholly
within one council area, namely
Fermanagh and Omagh District Council,
albeit that it constituted only a part of that entity.
For the purposes of elections to the UK Parliament, the territory of
Fermanagh is part of the
Fermanagh and South
Constituency. This constituency is renowned for high levels of
voting and for electing Provisional IRA
Bobby Sands as a member of parliament in the Fermanagh
Tyrone by-election, April 1981, shortly before his death.
Industry and tourism
Agriculture and tourism are two of the most important industries in
Fermanagh. The main types of farming in the area are beef, dairy,
sheep, pigs and some poultry. Most of the agricultural land is used as
grassland for grazing and silage or hay rather than for other crops.
The waterways are extensively used by cabin cruisers, other small
pleasure craft and anglers. The main town of
Fermanagh is Enniskillen
(Inis Ceithleann, 'Ceithleann's island'). The island town hosts a
range of attractions including the
Castle Coole Estate and Enniskillen
Castle, which is home to the museum of The Royal Inniskilling
Fusiliers and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards.
Marble Arch Caves
(population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)
(population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)
(population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)
(population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)
(population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)
Small villages or hamlets
(population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census)
Baronies of County
Northern Ireland with civil parish
Main article: Baronies of Ireland
Main article: List of civil parishes of County Fermanagh
Main article: List of townlands in County Fermanagh
The Impartial Reporter
Fermanagh born goalkeeper
Roy Carroll playing with Derby County
Fermanagh GAA has never won a Senior Provincial or an All-Ireland
title in any Gaelic games.
Ballinamallard United F.C. take part in the Northern Ireland
football league system. All other
Fermanagh clubs play in the
Fermanagh & Western FA league systems.
Fermanagh Mallards F.C.
played in the Women's Premier League until 2013. Famous Football
Fermanagh include Roy Carroll, Harry Chatton, Barry Owens
and Kyle Lafferty.
Famous people born, raised in or living in
Fermanagh include: <~--
(Please make additions in alphabetical order.)-->
John Armstrong (1717–1795), born in Fermanagh, Major General in the
Continental Army and delegate in the Continental Congressman
Samuel Beckett (1906–1989), author and playwright from
Dublin who was educated at Portora Royal School)
The 1st Viscount Brookeborough, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland,
Denis Parsons Burkitt (1911–1993), doctor, discoverer of Burkitt's
Roy Carroll (1977– ), association footballer
Edward Cooney (1867–1960), evangelist and early leader of the
Cooneyite and Go-Preachers
Brian D'Arcy (1945– ), C.P., Passionist priest and media personality
Brendan Dolan (1973– ), professional darts player for the PDC
Adrian Dunbar (1958– ), actor
Neil Hannon (1970– ), musician
Robert Kerr (1882–1963), athlete and Olympic gold medalist
Kyle Lafferty (1987– ),
Northern Ireland International association
Charles Lawson (1959– ), actor (plays Jim McDonald in Coronation
Francis Little (1822–1890), born in Fermanagh, Wisconsin State
Terence MacManus (c. 1823–1861), leader in Young Irelander Rebellion
Michael Magner (1840–97), recipient of the Victoria Cross
Peter McGinnity, Gaelic footballer, Fermanagh's first winner of an All
Martin McGrath, Gaelic footballer, All Star winner
Ciarán McMenamin (1975– ), actor
Barry Owens, ]]Gaelic footballer, two time All Star winner
Sean Quinn (1947– ), entrepreneur
Michael Sleavon (1826-1902), recipient of the Victoria Cross
Patrick Treacy, author and one time physician to Michael Jackson
Joan Trimble (1915–2000), pianist and composer
Oscar Wilde (1854–1900), author and playwright (educated in Portora
Gordon Wilson (1927–1995), peace campaigner and Irish senator
The most common surnames in County
Fermanagh at the time of the United
Kingdom Census of 1901 were:[unreliable source?]
The railway lines in County
Derry from 1854,
Dundalk from 1861,
Bundoran from 1868
Sligo from 1882.
The railway companies that served the county, prior to the
establishment by merger of Londonderry and
Bundoran Railway the
which was later named the Irish North Western Railway, thus forming
the Great Northern Railway (Ireland). By 1883 the Great Northern
Railway (Ireland) absorbed all the lines except the Sligo, Leitrim and
Northern Counties Railway, which remained independent throughout its
In October 1957 the Government of
Northern Ireland closed the GNR
line, which made it impossible for the SL&NCR continue and forced
it also to close.
The nearest railway station to
Sligo station which is
served by trains to
Dublin Connolly and is operated by Iarnród
Éireann. The Dublin-
Sligo railway line has a two hourly service run
by Irish Rail Official site – Timetables, bookings and operations
The connecting bus from
route 66 operated by Bus Éireann.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to County Fermanagh.
Abbeys and priories in
Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh)
Castles in County Fermanagh
Extreme points of the United Kingdom
High Sheriff of Fermanagh
List of parishes of County Fermanagh
List of places in County Fermanagh
List of townlands in County Fermanagh
Lord Lieutenant of Fermanagh
People from County Fermanagh
^ "Background Information on
Northern Ireland Society – Population
and Vital Statistics". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 20 October
^ "North-South Ministerial Council: 2004 Annual Report in Ulster
Scots" (PDF). Northsouthministerialcouncil.org. Archived from the
original (PDF) on 2 September 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
^ "Tourism Ireland: Yierly Report 2007". Tourismireland.com. Archived
from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
^ "Dungannon & South
Tyrone Borough Council". Dungannon.gov.uk.
Archived from the original on 8 April 2013. Retrieved 20 October
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 July 2015.
Fermanagh - definition of County
Fermanagh by The Free
Dictionary". Thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 2016-08-17.
^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years,
Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865.
^ "Central Statistics Office: 2011 Census". Cso.ie. Retrieved 20
^ "Histpop – The Online Historical Population Reports Website".
Histpop.org. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 20
^ "NISRA –
Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency".
Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012.
Retrieved 20 October 2012.
^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses".
In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and
Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England:
^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in
Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review.
37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.
^ a b c d e f "Statistical classification of settlements". NI
Neighbourhood Information Service. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago:
Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
Fermanagh Genealogy Resources & Parish Registers Ulster".
Forebears.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-08-17.
^ Hajducki, S. Maxwell (1974). A Railway Atlas of Ireland. Newton
Abbott: David & Charles. maps 6, 7, 12.
^ Sprinks, N.W. (1970). Sligo, Leitrim and Northern Counties Railway.
Billericay: Irish Railway Record Society (London Area).
"Fermanagh" A Dictionary of British Place-Names. A. D. Mills. Oxford
University Press, 2003. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University
Northern Ireland Public Libraries. 25 July 2007
"Fermanagh" Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica
Online Library Edition. 25 July 2007
Fermanagh: its special landscapes: a study of the Fermanagh
countryside and its heritage /Department of the Environment for
Northern Ireland. – Belfast: HMSO, 1991 ISBN 0-337-08276-6
Livingstone, Peadar. – The
Fermanagh story:a documented history of
Fermanagh from the earliest times to the present day –
Enniskillen: Cumann Seanchais Chlochair, 1969.
Lowe, Henry N. – County
Fermanagh 100 years ago: a guide and
directory 1880. – Belfast: Friar's Bush Press, 1990.
Parke, William K. – A
Fermanagh Childhood. Derrygonnelly, Co
Fermanagh: Friar's Bush Press, 1988. ISBN 0-946872-12-0
Wikimedia Commons has media related to County Fermanagh.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for County Fermanagh.
Fermanagh at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
A folk history of Fermanagh
Places adjacent to County Fermanagh
Places in County Fermanagh
List of places in County Fermanagh
Caves of Tullybrack and Belmore hills
Cliffs of Magho
Lusty Beg Island
Marble Arch Caves
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