Costa Mesa, California
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Costa Mesa (;
Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambiguation), the name of several ...

Spanish
for "
Table Table may refer to: * Table (information) A table is an arrangement of data Data are units of information Information can be thought of as the resolution of uncertainty; it answers the question of "What an entity is" and thus define ...

Table
Coast") is a city in
Orange County, California Orange County is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area Greater Los Angeles, with a 2019 population of 18,710,563, is the second-largest urban region area in the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA) ...
. Since its incorporation in 1953, the city has grown from a semi-rural farming community of 16,840 to a suburban area including part of the
South Coast Plaza–John Wayne Airport edge city Image:SCM Skyline.jpg, 400px, South Coast Metro Skyline File:Approaching John Wayne International Airport, Santa Ana, California (6575821593).jpg, Office buildings near John Wayne Airport The South Coast Metro is a district in Orange County, Califor ...
, one of the region's largest commercial clusters, with an economy based on retail, commerce, and light manufacturing. The population was 109,960 at the
2010 United States Census The United States Census of 2010 was the twenty-third United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in ...
.


History

Members of the Gabrieleño/
Tongva The Tongva ( ) are an indigenous people of California The indigenous peoples of California (known as Native Californians) are the indigenous inhabitants who have lived or currently live in the geographic area within the current boundaries of ...
and
Juaneño The Acjachemen (, alternate spelling: Acagchemem) are an indigenous people of California The indigenous peoples of California (known as Native Californians) are the indigenous inhabitants who have lived or currently live in the geographic are ...
/
Luiseño The Luiseño or Payómkawichum are an indigenous people of California who, at the time of the first contacts with the Spanish in the 16th century, inhabited the coastal area of southern California, ranging from the present-day southern part of Lo ...
nations long inhabited the area. After the 1769 expedition of
Gaspar de Portolà Gaspar is a given and/or surname of French, German, Portuguese, and Spanish origin that could refer to: Names * Gáspár, the Hungarian language cognate of Gaspar * Caspar (magus), one of the wise men mentioned in the Bible Given name * Gasp ...
, a
Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambiguation), the name of several ...

Spanish
expedition led by
Junípero Serra Junípero Serra y Ferrer (; ; ca, Juníper Serra i Ferrer; November 24, 1713August 28, 1784) was a Spanish Roman Catholic Roman or Romans most often refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC ...

Junípero Serra
named the area
Vallejo de Santa Ana The Santa Ana Valley is located in Orange County, California and is bisected by the Santa Ana River. The valley is home to most of Orange County's central business districts. The cities of Anaheim, California, Anaheim, Buena Park, California, Buena ...
(Valley of Saint Anne). On November 1, 1776,
Mission San Juan Capistrano Mission San Juan Capistrano ( es, Misión San Juan Capistrano) is a Spanish mission in San Juan Capistrano San Juan Capistrano (; ; ) is a city in Orange County, California Orange County is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area ...

Mission San Juan Capistrano
became the area's first permanent European settlement in
Alta California Alta California ('Upper California'), also known as ('New California'), among other names, was a province of New Spain New Spain, officially the Viceroyalty of New Spain ( es, Virreinato de Nueva España, ), or Kingdom of New Spain, was an ...
,
New Spain New Spain, officially the Viceroyalty of New Spain ( es, Virreinato de Nueva España, ), or Kingdom of New Spain, was an integral territorial entity of the Spanish Empire The Spanish Empire ( es, link=no, Imperio Español), also known as th ...

New Spain
. In 1801, the
Spanish Empire The Spanish Empire ( es, link=no, Imperio Español), also known as the Hispanic Monarchy ( es, link=no, Monarquía Hispánica) or the Catholic Monarchy ( es, link=no, Monarquía Católica) during the Early Modern period, was a colonial empire ...

Spanish Empire
granted to
Jose Antonio Yorba Jose is the English language, English transliteration of the Hebrew language, Hebrew and Aramaic language, Aramaic name ''Yose'', which is etymologically linked to ''Yosef'' or Joseph. The name was popular during the Mishnaic and Talmudic periods. ...
, which he named Rancho San Antonio. Yorba's great rancho included the lands where the communities of
Olive The olive, botanical name ''Olea europaea'', meaning "European olive", is a species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodivers ...
,
Orange Orange most often refers to: *Orange (colour), occurs between red and yellow in the visible spectrum *Orange (fruit), the fruit of the tree species '' Citrus'' × ''sinensis'' ** Orange blossom, its fragrant flower *Some other citrus or citrus-li ...
,
Villa Park Villa Park is a football Football is a family of s that involve, to varying degrees, a to score a . Unqualified, normally means the form of football that is the most popular where the word is used. Sports commonly called ''football' ...
, Santa Ana,
Tustin Tustin is a city located in Orange County, California California is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State ...
, Costa Mesa and
Newport Beach Newport Beach is a coastal city in Orange County, California Orange County is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area Greater Los Angeles, with a 2019 population of 18,710,563, is the second-largest urban region area in the Uni ...
stand today. After the
Mexican-American war Mexican Americans ( es, mexicano-estadounidenses or ) are Americans Americans are the citizens Citizenship is a relationship between an individual and a state to which the individual owes allegiance and in turn is entitled to its pro ...
, California became part of the United States, and American settlers arrived in this area and formed the town of Fairview in the 1880s near the modern intersection of Harbor Boulevard and Adams Avenue. However, a flood in 1889 wiped out the railroad serving the community, and it shriveled. To the south, meanwhile, the community of Harper had arisen on a siding of the
Santa Ana and Newport Railway
Santa Ana and Newport Railway
, named after a local rancher. This town prospered on its agricultural goods. On May 11, 1920, Harper changed its name to Costa Mesa, which means "table coast" or "coast
mesa A mesa is an isolated, flat-topped elevation, ridge or hill, which is bounded from all sides by steep escarpments and stands distinctly above a surrounding plain. Mesas characteristically consist of flat-lying soft sedimentary rocks capped by ...

mesa
" in Spanish. This is a reference to the city's geography as being a plateau by the coast.
Fanny Bixby Spencer Fanny Weston Bixby Spencer (November 6, 1879 - April 30, 1930), also referred to as Fanny Bixby was an American philanthropist and antiwar An anti-war movement (also ''antiwar'') is a social movement, usually in opposition to a particular nat ...
and her husband sponsored the contest which selected the city's new name. Costa Mesa surged in population during and after World War II, as many thousands trained at
Santa Ana Army Air Base Santa Ana Army Air Base (SAAAB) was a World War II-era air base located near Santa Ana, California. The air base was decommissioned in 1946, and part of the land was annexed by Costa Mesa, California, Costa Mesa in 1953. The air base was used fo ...
and returned after the war with their families. Within three decades of incorporation, the city's population had nearly quintupled.


Geography

Costa Mesa is located southeast of
Los Angeles Los Angeles ( ; xgf, Tovaangar; es, Los Ángeles, , ), commonly referred to by the initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be u ...

Los Angeles
, northwest of
San Diego San Diego ( , ; ) is a city in the U.S. state of California on the coast of the Pacific Ocean and immediately adjacent to the Mexico–United States border, Mexican border. With a 2020 population of 1,386,932, San Diego is the List of United ...

San Diego
and southeast of
San Francisco San Francisco (; Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (dis ...

San Francisco
. Costa Mesa encompasses a total of with its southernmost border only from the Pacific Ocean. According to the
United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, ...
, the city has a total area of . of it is land and of it (0.29%) is water.


Climate

Costa Mesa has a
semi-arid climate A semi-arid climate, semi-desert climate, or steppe climate is the climate Climate is the long-term pattern of weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, c ...
(
Köppen climate classification The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification Climate classification is a way of categorizing the world's s. A climate classification may correlate closely with a category, as climate is a major infl ...
''BSh'') with mild temperatures year round. Rain falls primarily in the winter months and is close to nonexistent during the summer. Morning low clouds and fog are common due to its coastal location.


Demographics


2010

At the
2010 census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census * 2010 Turkish census * 2010 United States Census * 2010 Zambian census {{Disambiguation ...
Costa Mesa had a population of 109,960. The population density was 7,004.0 people per square mile (2,704.3/km). The racial makeup of Costa Mesa was 75,335 (68.5%) White (51.8% Non-Hispanic White), 1,640 (1.5%) African American, 686 (0.6%) Native American, 8,654 (7.9%) Asian, 527 (0.5%) Pacific Islander, 17,992 (16.4%) from other races, and 5,126 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 39,403 persons (35.8%). The
Census A census is the procedure of systematically calculating, acquiring and recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often numeric. In ...
reported that 106,990 people (97.3% of the population) lived in households, 2,232 (2.0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 738 (0.7%) were institutionalized. There were 39,946 households, 12,298 (30.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 16,478 (41.3%) were
opposite-sex married couples
opposite-sex married couples
living together, 4,369 (10.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,392 (6.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,013 (7.5%)
unmarried opposite-sex partnerships POSSLQ ( , plural ''POSSLQs'') is an abbreviation (or acronym) for "Person of Opposite Sex Sharing Living Quarters", a term coined in the late 1970s by the United States Census Bureau as part of an effort to more accurately gauge the prevalence of c ...
, and 281 (0.7%)
same-sex married couples or partnerships Same sex may refer to: * A phrase used in the discussion of sex or gender * Gonochorism, the state of having just one of at least two distinct sexes in any one individual organism * Homosexuality, the romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexua ...
. 10,963 households (27.4%) were one person and 2,775 (6.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.68. There were 23,239 families (58.2% of households); the average family size was 3.30. The age distribution was 23,682 people (21.5%) under the age of 18, 12,847 people (11.7%) aged 18 to 24, 38,211 people (34.7%) aged 25 to 44, 25,106 people (22.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 10,114 people (9.2%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 33.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males. There were 42,120 housing units at an average density of 2,682.9 per square mile, of the occupied units 15,799 (39.6%) were owner-occupied and 24,147 (60.4%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.9%. 42,517 people (38.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 64,473 people (58.6%) lived in rental housing units. During 2009–2013, Costa Mesa had a median household income of $65,830, with 15.1% of the population living below the poverty line.


2000

At the 2000 census there were 108,724 people in 39,206 households, including 22,778 families, in the city. The population density was 6,956.3 inhabitants per square mile (2,685.8/km). There were 40,406 housing units at an average density of 2,585.2 per square mile (998.1/km). The
racial makeup A race is a grouping of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into categories generally viewed as distinct by society. The term was first used to refer to speakers of a common language and then to denote national affiliations. By ...
of the city was 69.48% White, 1.40% Black or African American, 0.78% Native American, 6.90% Asian, 0.60% Pacific Islander, 16.57% from other races, and 4.27% from two or more races. 31.75% of the population were
Hispanic The term ''Hispanic'' ( es, hispano) refers to people, cultures Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior Social behavior is behavior Behavior (American English) or behaviour (British English; American and ...
or Latino of any race. Of the 39,206 households 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.9% were non-families. 28.1% of households were one person and 6.3% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.34. The age distribution was 23.2% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 39.0% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% 65 or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.9 males. The median household income was $50,732 and the median family income was $55,456. Males had a median income of $38,670 versus $32,365 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,342. About 8.2% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the
poverty line The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income In microeconomics, income is the Consumption (economics), consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, w ...
, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.


Housing

Measure Y is a ballot initiative approved by voters in 2016. It requires public approval of projects that have a general plan amendment or zoning change and would add 40 or more dwelling units or 10,000 or more square feet of commercial space. The median housing price is $807,000 ($505 per sq ft) and $3,500 for the median rent per month.


Economy

The city's economy relies heavily on retail and
services Service may refer to: Activities :''(See the Religion section for religious activities)'' * Administrative service, a required part of the workload of Faculty (academic staff), university faculty * Civil service, the body of employees of a governm ...
. The largest center of commercial activity is
South Coast Plaza South Coast Plaza is a regional shopping mall in Costa Mesa, California. The largest shopping center on the West Coast of the United States, its pre-COVID sales of over $1.5 billion annually were the highest in the United States. Its 275 retail ...
, a shopping center noted for its architecture and size. The volume of sales generated by South Coast Plaza, on the strength of its more than 270 stores, places it among the highest volume regional shopping centers in the nation. It generates more than $1 billion per year in revenue.
South Coast Metro The South Coast Metro is a district in Orange County, California within the cities of Santa Ana, California, Santa Ana and Costa Mesa, California, Costa Mesa. The area is a dense mix of residential, office, and retail developments that spreads ou ...
is a commercial, cultural, and residential district surrounding South Coast Plaza in northern Costa Mesa and southern Santa Ana, itself part of the
South Coast Plaza–John Wayne Airport edge city Image:SCM Skyline.jpg, 400px, South Coast Metro Skyline File:Approaching John Wayne International Airport, Santa Ana, California (6575821593).jpg, Office buildings near John Wayne Airport The South Coast Metro is a district in Orange County, Califor ...
. Some manufacturing activity also takes place in the city, mostly in the industrial, southwestern quarter, which is home to a number of electronics, pharmaceuticals and plastics firms. Business services company
Experian Experian is an Irish multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, a sovere ...
is the largest employer in the city, and has its North American headquarters in Costa Mesa.
Ceradyne Ceradyne, Incorporated was a wholly owned subsidiary of 3M based in the United States. Ceradyne, Inc. is a manufacturer of advanced ceramic systems and components and involved in many technical industries including nuclear power, oil and gas, solar ...
,
El Pollo Loco File:El Pollo Loco Logo.jpg, alt=El Pollo Loco (US) Logo, 140px, El Pollo Loco (United States), El Pollo Loco logo for the US-based company. El Pollo Loco (Spanish language, Spanish for "The Crazy Chicken") is the name of two independent restaurant ...
,
Emulex Emulex Corporation is a provider of computer network connectivity, monitoring and management hardware and software. The company's I/O connectivity offerings, including its line of Ethernet Ethernet () is a family of wired computer network ...
, Hurley,
RVCA RVCA is a Costa Mesa, California-based clothing company owned by Quiksilver, Boardriders. Etymology The logotype for RVCA portrays the letter A without a crossbar, resembling an uppercase lambda (Λ). The 'V' character is really a "U". Occasiona ...
,
Toyota Racing Development Toyota Racing Development (also known by its abbreviation TRD) is the in-house tuning shop for all Toyota, Lexus and formerly Scion (car), Scion cars. ''TRD'' is responsible both for improving street cars for more performance and supporting Toyo ...
, the
Trinity Broadcasting Network The Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN) is an international Christianity, Christian-based terrestrial television, broadcast television network and the world's largest religious television network. TBN was headquartered in Costa Mesa, California, u ...
,
Vans Vans is an American manufacturer Manufacturing is the creation or production Production may be: Economics and business * Production (economics) * Production, the act of manufacturing goods * Production, in the outline of industrial organi ...

Vans
, and
Volcom Volcom is a lifestyle brand that designs, markets, and distributes boardsports-oriented products. Volcom is headquartered in Costa Mesa, California, U.S. The brand is known for its trademark ''stone'' logo, its slogan ''True to This'', and the '' ...
are among the businesses headquartered in Costa Mesa. A local newspaper, the ''
Daily Pilot The ''Daily Pilot'' is a daily newspaper published by the ''Los Angeles Times'' to serve the communities of Sunset Beach, California, Sunset Beach, Huntington Beach, Fountain Valley, California, Fountain Valley, Newport Beach, Costa Mesa and Lagun ...
'', is published by the ''
Los Angeles Times The ''Los Angeles Times'' (abbreviated as ''LA Times'') is a daily newspaper A newspaper is a containing written and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background. Newspapers can cover a wide variety of fields such as , ...

Los Angeles Times
''. Costa Mesa offers 26 parks, a municipal golf course, 26 public schools and two libraries.


Top employers

According to the city's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:


Arts and culture


Annual cultural events

The Orange County Fair takes place at the fairgrounds in Costa Mesa each July. The Fair receives more than one million visitors each year. The Annual Scarecrow & Pumpkin Festival was first held in 1938, went on hiatus for seven decades, and then was restarted in 2013.


Facilities

Adjacent to the
Fairgrounds Fairground most typically refers to a permanent space that hosts fairs. Fairground, Fairgrounds, Fair Ground or Fair Grounds may also refer to: Places Canada * Fairground, Ontario, a community United States * Fairground, St. Louis, a neighborho ...
is the Pacific Amphitheatre, which has hosted acts such as
Madonna Madonna Louise Ciccone (; ; born August 16, 1958) is an American singer-songwriter and actress. She is considered Cultural impact of Madonna, one of the most influential figures in popular culture and has often been referred to as the "Honor ...

Madonna
,
Jessica Simpson Jessica Ann Johnson (née Simpson; born July 10, 1980) is an American singer, actress, fashion designer, and author. After performing in church choirs as a child, Simpson signed with Columbia Records in 1997, at age 17. Her debut studio album, ...

Jessica Simpson
, Steppenwolf, and
Kelly Clarkson Kelly Brianne Clarkson (born April 24, 1982) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, author, and television personality. She rose to fame for winning the American Idol (season 1), first season of ''American Idol'' in 2002, which earned her ...

Kelly Clarkson
. The
Segerstrom Center for the Arts The Segerstrom Center for the Arts (originally called Orange County Performing Arts Center) is a performing arts complex located in Costa Mesa, California, Costa Mesa, California, United States, which opened in 1986. The Center's Segerstrom Hall ...
and
South Coast Repertory South Coast Repertory (SCR) is a professional theatre company located in Costa Mesa, California. Tony Award-winning South Coast Repertory, founded in 1964 by David Emmes and Martin Benson, is led by Artistic Director David Ivers and Managing Direc ...
Theater are based in the city.


Los Angeles Chargers

Costa Mesa has been home to the
NFL The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven play ...
's
Los Angeles Chargers The Los Angeles Chargers are a professional American football team based in the Greater Los Angeles, Los Angeles metropolitan area. The Chargers compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member of the American Football Conference (AFC) ...
training center, training camp and cooperate headquarters since 2017. The team agreed to a lease with the facility they moved into prior to their relocation from San Diego. The building is a former office space, but Chargers players and coaches said it was an upgrade from what the team had in San Diego. The team has a 10-year lease on the building and plans to stay there until 2014 when it will depart it for a purpose built practice facility in El Segundo. he team gutted the first floor of the building to make room for team rooms. Construction cost more than $3.8 million. Decades prior, the facility was a lima bean farm owned by a Swedish immigrant family who became prominent developers in Orange County.


Government


Local

A general law city, Costa Mesa has a council-manager form of government. In November 2016, voters approved changing the City Council seats from at-large to six voting districts and a directly elected mayor, who acts as the chairperson for the council and head of the government. Day to day, the city is run by a professional city manager and staff of approximately 460 full-time employees. Management of the city and coordination of city services are provided by: Needle exchange programs are prohibited in Costa Mesa.


State and federal

In the
California State Legislature The California State Legislature is a bicameral Bicameralism is a type of legislature A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social beh ...
, Costa Mesa is in , and in . In the
United States House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives is the lower house of the United States Congress, with the United States Senate, Senate being the upper house. Together they compose the national Bicameralism, bicameral legislature of the United S ...
, Costa Mesa is in .


Politics

According to the
California Secretary of State The secretary of state of California is the chief clerk of the U.S. state of California, overseeing a department of 500 people. The Secretary of state (U.S. state government), secretary of state is elected for four year terms, like the state's o ...
, as of February 10, 2019, Costa Mesa has 55,849 registered voters. Of those, 17,920 (32.1%) are registered Democrats, 17,900 (32.1%) are registered Republicans, and 17,019 (30.5%) have declined to state a political party/are independents. Until 2008, Costa Mesa was a
Republican Republican can refer to: Political ideology * An advocate of a republic, a type of government that is not a monarchy or dictatorship, and is usually associated with the rule of law. ** Republicanism, the ideology in support of republics or against ...
stronghold in presidential elections. Since 2008, Costa Mesa has mostly voted
Democratic Democrat, Democrats, or Democratic may refer to: Politics *A proponent of democracy Democracy ( gr, δημοκρατία, ''dēmokratiā'', from ''dēmos'' 'people' and ''kratos'' 'rule') is a form of government in which people, the people ...
in presidential elections, owing to the GOP's shift towards cultural conservatism. In 2008,
Barack Obama Barack Hussein Obama II ( ; born August 4, 1961) is an American politician and attorney who served as the 44th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government ...

Barack Obama
was the first Democrat to carry Costa Mesa in decades, while Republican nominee
Mitt Romney Willard Mitt Romney (born March 12, 1947) is an American politician and businessman serving as the junior Junior or Juniors may refer to: Sport * Junior athletics, age-based athletic training and completion category * Instances of junior ...

Mitt Romney
carried the city by only 364 votes in the 2012 presidential election. Costa Mesa flipped back to Democratic in 2016, voting for
Hillary Clinton Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton ( Rodham; born October 26, 1947) is an American politician, diplomat, lawyer, writer, and public speaker who served as the 67th United States secretary of state The United States secretary of state is an of ...

Hillary Clinton
by a 10.2% margin, and for
Joe Biden Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. ( ; born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who is the 46th and current president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of th ...

Joe Biden
by a 14.6% margin in 2020. In 2008, Costa Mesa was one of four cities in Orange County to vote against
Proposition 8 Proposition 8, known informally as Prop 8, was a California ballot proposition and a constitutional amendment, state constitutional amendment intended to ban same-sex marriage; it passed in the California state elections, November 2008, Novem ...
(along with Aliso Viejo, Irvine, and Laguna Beach), a statewide ballot measure that banned same-sex marriages.


Education

Institutions of higher learning located in Costa Mesa include
Orange Coast College Orange Coast College (OCC) is a public community college in Costa Mesa, California, Costa Mesa in Orange County, California. It was founded in 1947, with its first classes opening in the fall of 1948. It provides Associate of Art and Associate o ...
,
Vanguard University Vanguard University of Southern California is a private Christian university in Costa Mesa, California. It was the first four-year college in Orange County. The university offers over 39 undergraduate degrees and emphases in 15 different departmen ...
(affiliated with the
Assemblies of God The Assemblies of God (AG), officially the World Assemblies of God Fellowship, is a group of over 144 autonomous self-governing national groupings of churches that together form the world's largest Pentecostal Pentecostalism or classical P ...
),
Whittier Law School Whittier Law School was a Law school in the United States, law school in Costa Mesa, California founded in 1966. The law school was part of Whittier College, a Private university, private institution. After several years being ranked among the poo ...
(a satellite of Whittier College) and
National University A national university is mainly a university created or managed by a government, but which may also at the same time operate autonomously without direct control by the state. Some national universities are associated with national cultural or po ...
(a private university based in La Jolla, California). Costa Mesa has two public high schools, Costa Mesa High School and Estancia High School. Costa Mesa has two public middle schools; Tewinkle Middle School, which was named after Costa Mesa's first mayor, and Costa Mesa Middle School which shares the same campus as Costa Mesa High School. Costa Mesa also has two alternative high schools that share the same campus, Back Bay High School and Monte Vista High School and another, Coastline Early College High School which is on its own facility.


Infrastructure


Transportation

Costa Mesa is served by several bus lines of the
Orange County Transportation Authority The Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA) is the transportation planning commission for Orange County, California in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. OCTA is responsible for funding and implementing transit and capital projects for th ...
(OCTA), but most transportation is by automobile. Two
freeway A controlled-access highway is a type of highway A highway is any public or private road A road is a wide way leading from one place to another, typically one with a specially prepared surface which vehicles and bikes can use. ...

freeway
s terminate here, and (also known as the Costa Mesa Freeway). The
San Diego Freeway The San Diego Freeway is one of the named principal Southern California freeways The Southern California freeways are a vast network of interconnected Controlled-access highway, freeways in the Megaregions of the United States, megaregion of S ...
, Interstate 405, also runs through the city.


Civic Center

The 9.5 acre (38,000 m2) Costa Mesa Civic Center is located at 77 Fair Drive. City hall is a five-story building where the primary administrative functions of the city are conducted. Also contained in the Civic Center complex are Council Chambers, the Police facility, Communications building and Fire Station No. 5.


Emergency services

Fire protection is provided by the Costa Mesa Fire Department. Law enforcement is the responsibility of the Costa Mesa Police Department. Emergency Medical Services are provided by the Costa Mesa Fire Department and Care Ambulance Service.


Notable people

* ''See List of people from Costa Mesa, California''


Sister city

* City of Wyndham, Wyndham, Australia


See also

* Los Angeles Times suburban sections#Daily sections, ''Los Angeles Times'' suburban sections


References


External links

* *
City of Costa Mesa Chamber of Commerce

City of Costa Mesa official Conference & Visitor Bureau
{{authority control Costa Mesa, California, Cities in Orange County, California Incorporated cities and towns in California Populated places on the Santa Ana River 1953 establishments in California Populated places established in 1953