1 Roman fort 2 Tribal capital 3 Provincial capital 4 Decline 5 Remains 6 In fiction 7 References 8 External links
A Roman fort was established at Corinium in the territory of the
friendly tribe of the
Plan of Corinium Dobunnorum
Three Goddesses or Matres. Roman high relief sculpture, Corinium Museum, Cirencester
As yet, no temples have been located, although numerous fine
sculptures show much religious activity in the town. The missing
Christian bishop represented by a deacon at the Council of Arles in
314 may come from Corinium.
The town was fortified in the late 2nd century. There were five gates
and polygonal towers were later added to the walls. About fifty years
after their construction, there appears to have been a partial
collapse and the complex was largely rebuilt to include small chambers
around the circuit. These may have been animal pens, convict cells, or
Corinium seems to have been the home to a number of very early private
stone houses of wealthy individuals. Some date from the 110s. Such
buildings continued to be built and occupied throughout the life of
the town, but were particularly luxurious during the 4th century, when
mosaic floors and fine sculpture were much in evidence. It has been
suggested that the town was the centre of both a stone-carving
industry, under a certain Sulinus son of Brucetus, and a mosaic
industry with two schools of art, based on images of the saltire and
Orpheus. There were also bakers, glass makers, blacksmiths and
goldsmiths within the walls.
Development continued until the 4th century. It remains unclear just
where the Diocletian-era provinces of the Diocese of "the Britains"
were located, but Corinium is now usually thought to have been the
capital of Britannia Prima.
Around the time of the
Roman withdrawal from Britain
The grass-covered bowl of the amphitheatre, also known as the "Bull Ring", is in the care of English Heritage. A small section of the old Roman wall can be seen in the Abbey Park. A large collection of artefacts from Corinium are on display in the Corinium Museum, Cirencester.
The Roman amphitheatre at Corinium Dobunnorum
In fiction In Robert E. Howard's story "Men of the Shadows", taking place at the time of Roman rule in Britain, a rich merchant of Corinium offers a thousand pieces of gold to anyone who would deliver to him the beautiful sister of Bran Mak Morn, King of the Picts. However, five hundred Roman soldiers who set out across Hadrian's Wall, seeking to gain the reward, are ambushed by the Picts and killed. References
Wacher, John (1995). The Towns of Roman Britain. London: B T
Alan McWhirr: Roman Gloucestershire,
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Corinium Dobunnorum.
v t e
Major towns of Roman Britain
Placenames in brackets are either present-day names or counties where the towns formerly existed.
List of Roman place name