A congress is a formal meeting of the representatives of different
nations, constituent states, organizations (such as trade unions, and
political parties), or groups. The term, originally denoting a
parley during battle in the Late Middle Ages, is derived from the
Latin congressus. ( The dictionary definition of congressus at
In the mid-1770s, the term was chosen by the 13 British colonies for
Continental Congress to emphasize the status of each colony
represented there as a self-governing entity. Subsequent to the use of
congress as the name for the legislature of the U.S. federal
government (beginning in 1789), the term has been adopted by many
nations to refer to their national legislatures.
1 Political congress
1.1 Congresses of nations
1.2 Congresses within nations
1.3 Association congresses
1.4 Historic congresses
1.5 Other countries with Congresses
Political parties and organizations
1.7 Party congresses
1.8 Miscellaneous political congresses
2 Labor congresses
3 Non-political congresses
3.1 Scientific congress
3.2 Athletic sports congress
5 External links
Congresses of nations
The following congresses were formal meetings of representatives of
Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (1668), which ended the War of
Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748), which ended the War of the
Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (1818)
Congress of Berlin
Congress of Berlin (1878), which settled the Eastern Question
after the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878)
Congress of Gniezno
Congress of Gniezno (1000)
Congress of Laibach
Congress of Laibach (1821)
Congress of Panama, an 1826 meeting organized by Simon Bolivar.
Congress of Paris (1856), which ended the Crimean War
Congress of Troppau (1820)
Congress of Tucumán
Congress of Tucumán (1816)
Congress of Utrecht (1712-1713)
Congress of Verona
Congress of Verona (1822)
Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna (1814-15), which settled the shape of Europe
after the Napoleonic Wars
Congress of the Council of Europe.
Congresses within nations
Countries with Congresses and presidential systems:
Congress of Guatemala
Congress of Guatemala (Spanish: Congreso de la República) is the
unicameral legislature of Guatemala.
National Congress of Honduras
National Congress of Honduras (Spanish: Congreso nacional) is the
legislative branch of the government of Honduras.
Congress of Mexico
Congress of Mexico (Spanish: Congreso de la Unión) is the
legislative branch of Mexican government.
Congress of Paraguay
Congress of Paraguay is the bicameral legislature of Paraguay.
Congress of the Argentine Nation (Spanish: Congreso de la Nación
Argentina) is the legislative branch of the government of Argentina.
Congress of the Dominican Republic
Congress of the Dominican Republic is the bicameral legislature of
the Dominican Republic.
Palau National Congress
Palau National Congress (Palauan: Olbiil era Kelulau) is the
bicameral legislative branch of the Republic of Palau.
Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia
Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia is the unicameral
legislature of the Federated States of Micronesia.
Congress of the Philippines
Congress of the Philippines (Filipino: Kongreso ng Pilipinas) is
the legislative branch of the Philippine government.
Congress of the Republic of
Peru (Spanish: Congreso de la
República) is the unicameral legislature of Peru.
Congress of Colombia
Congress of Colombia (Spanish: Congreso de la República) is the
bicameral legislature of Colombia.
United States Congress
United States Congress is the bicameral legislative branch of the
United States federal government.
National Congress of Bolivia
National Congress of Bolivia was the national legislature of
Bolivia before being replaced by the Plurinational Legislative
National Congress of Brazil
National Congress of Brazil (Portuguese: Congresso Nacional) is
Brazil's bicameral legislature.
National Congress of Chile
National Congress of Chile (Spanish: Congreso Nacional) is the
legislative branch of the government of Chile.
National Congress of Ecuador
National Congress of Ecuador was the unicameral legislature of
Ecuador before being replaced by the National Assembly.
Congress of Mauritania
France has a Parliament, the term
Congress is used on
Congress of the French Parliament, name used specifically when
both houses sit together as a single body, usually at the Palace of
Versailles, to vote on revisions to the Constitution, to listen to an
address by the President of the French Republic, and, in the past, to
elect the President of the Republic
Congress of New Caledonia, a territorial assembly
Congress & Exhibition
Continental Congress (1774-1781) was a convention of delegates
Thirteen Colonies that became the governing body of the
United States during the American Revolution.
Congress of the Confederation
Congress of the Confederation (1781-1789) was the legislature of
United States under the Articles of Confederation.
National Congress of Belgium
National Congress of Belgium was a temporary legislative assembly
in 1830, which created a constitution for the new state.
Other countries with Congresses
In France, the
France (congrès) denotes a formal and
rarely convened joint session of both houses of Parliament to ratify
an amendment to the Constitution or to listen to a speech by the
President of the French Republic.
Spanish Congress of Deputies
Spanish Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados), the
lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spain's legislative branch.
The legislature of the
People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China is known in English
as the National People's Congress.
Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union
Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union was the
legislature and nominal supreme institution of state power in the
Soviet Union from 1989 to 1991.
Congress of People's Deputies of Russia, a Russian institution modeled
after USSR one, existed in 1990—1993.
Political parties and organizations
Congress is included in the name of several political parties,
especially those in former British colonies:
People's National Congress
Indian National Congress
India Trinamool Congress
Tamil Maanila Congress
India N.R. Congress
Congress for Democracy
Lesotho People's Congress
Malaysian Indian Congress
Congress of Democrats
Congress of Fiji
Congress of the Canaries
All People's Congress
African National Congress
Congress of the People
All Ceylon Tamil Congress
Sri Lanka Muslim Congress
Ngwane National Liberatory Congress
Trinidad and Tobago
United National Congress
Ugandan People's Congress
Many political parties also have a party congress every few years to
make decisions for the party and elect governing bodies. This is
sometimes called a political convention.
Miscellaneous political congresses
Congress of American Indians
Iraqi National Congress
Congress of Racial Equality
Continental Congress 2.0
Congress of Industrial Organizations
Congress of the Philippines
Trades Union Congress
Congress is an alternative name for a large national or international
For instance, the World
Congress on Men's Health WCMH is an annual
meeting on men's medical issues.
Athletic sports congress
Organizations in some athletic sports, such as bowling, have
historically been named "congresses". The predecessors to the United
Bowling Congress, formed in 1995, were the male-only American
Congress founded in 1895, and the female-only Women's
Congress founded in 1927, which combined in 1995
to form the USBC.
Chess congress is a chess tournament, in one city, where a large
number of contestants gather to play competitive chess over a limited
period of time; typically one day to one week.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Online.
London, England, UK: Longman. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
^ "congress". Oxford English Dictionry Online. Oxford, England, UK:
Oxford University Press. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
Look up congress in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
European affairs events
International congress calendar