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A congress is a formal meeting of the representatives of different nations, constituent states, organizations (such as trade unions, and political parties), or groups.[1] The term, originally denoting a parley during battle in the Late Middle Ages, is derived from the Latin
Latin
congressus.[2] ( The dictionary definition of congressus at Wiktionary) In the mid-1770s, the term was chosen by the 13 British colonies for the Continental Congress
Continental Congress
to emphasize the status of each colony represented there as a self-governing entity. Subsequent to the use of congress as the name for the legislature of the U.S. federal government (beginning in 1789), the term has been adopted by many nations to refer to their national legislatures.

Contents

1 Political congress

1.1 Congresses of nations 1.2 Congresses within nations 1.3 Association congresses 1.4 Historic congresses 1.5 Other countries with Congresses 1.6 Political parties
Political parties
and organizations 1.7 Party congresses 1.8 Miscellaneous political congresses

2 Labor congresses 3 Non-political congresses

3.1 Scientific congress 3.2 Athletic sports congress 3.3 Chess
Chess
congress

4 References 5 External links

Political congress[edit] Congresses of nations[edit] The following congresses were formal meetings of representatives of different nations:

The Congress
Congress
of Aix-la-Chapelle (1668), which ended the War of Devolution The Congress
Congress
of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748), which ended the War of the Austrian Succession The Congress
Congress
of Aix-la-Chapelle (1818) The Congress of Berlin
Congress of Berlin
(1878), which settled the Eastern Question after the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878) The Congress of Gniezno
Congress of Gniezno
(1000) The Congress of Laibach
Congress of Laibach
(1821) The Congress
Congress
of Panama, an 1826 meeting organized by Simon Bolivar. The Congress
Congress
of Paris (1856), which ended the Crimean War The Congress of Troppau (1820) The Congress of Tucumán
Congress of Tucumán
(1816) The Congress
Congress
of Utrecht (1712-1713) The Congress of Verona
Congress of Verona
(1822) The Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
(1814-15), which settled the shape of Europe after the Napoleonic Wars The Congress
Congress
of the Council of Europe.

Congresses within nations[edit] Countries with Congresses and presidential systems:

The Congress of Guatemala
Congress of Guatemala
(Spanish: Congreso de la República) is the unicameral legislature of Guatemala. The National Congress of Honduras
National Congress of Honduras
(Spanish: Congreso nacional) is the legislative branch of the government of Honduras. The Congress of Mexico
Congress of Mexico
(Spanish: Congreso de la Unión) is the legislative branch of Mexican government. The Congress of Paraguay
Congress of Paraguay
is the bicameral legislature of Paraguay. The Congress
Congress
of the Argentine Nation (Spanish: Congreso de la Nación Argentina) is the legislative branch of the government of Argentina. The Congress of the Dominican Republic
Congress of the Dominican Republic
is the bicameral legislature of the Dominican Republic. The Palau National Congress
Palau National Congress
(Palauan: Olbiil era Kelulau) is the bicameral legislative branch of the Republic of Palau. The Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia
Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia
is the unicameral legislature of the Federated States of Micronesia. The Congress of the Philippines
Congress of the Philippines
(Filipino: Kongreso ng Pilipinas) is the legislative branch of the Philippine government. The Congress
Congress
of the Republic of Peru
Peru
(Spanish: Congreso de la República) is the unicameral legislature of Peru. The Congress of Colombia
Congress of Colombia
(Spanish: Congreso de la República) is the bicameral legislature of Colombia. The United States Congress
United States Congress
is the bicameral legislative branch of the United States
United States
federal government. The National Congress of Bolivia
National Congress of Bolivia
was the national legislature of Bolivia
Bolivia
before being replaced by the Plurinational Legislative Assembly. The National Congress of Brazil
National Congress of Brazil
(Portuguese: Congresso Nacional) is Brazil's bicameral legislature. The National Congress of Chile
National Congress of Chile
(Spanish: Congreso Nacional) is the legislative branch of the government of Chile. The National Congress of Ecuador
National Congress of Ecuador
was the unicameral legislature of Ecuador before being replaced by the National Assembly. The Congress
Congress
of Mauritania France: Although France
France
has a Parliament, the term Congress
Congress
is used on two circumstances:

the Congress
Congress
of the French Parliament, name used specifically when both houses sit together as a single body, usually at the Palace of Versailles, to vote on revisions to the Constitution, to listen to an address by the President of the French Republic, and, in the past, to elect the President of the Republic the Congress
Congress
of New Caledonia, a territorial assembly

Association congresses[edit]

ICCA Congress
Congress
& Exhibition

Historic congresses[edit]

The Continental Congress
Continental Congress
(1774-1781) was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies
Thirteen Colonies
that became the governing body of the United States
United States
during the American Revolution. The Congress of the Confederation
Congress of the Confederation
(1781-1789) was the legislature of the United States
United States
under the Articles of Confederation. The National Congress of Belgium
National Congress of Belgium
was a temporary legislative assembly in 1830, which created a constitution for the new state.

Other countries with Congresses[edit]

In France, the Congress
Congress
of France
France
(congrès) denotes a formal and rarely convened joint session of both houses of Parliament to ratify an amendment to the Constitution or to listen to a speech by the President of the French Republic. Spanish Congress of Deputies
Spanish Congress of Deputies
(Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados), the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spain's legislative branch. The legislature of the People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
is known in English as the National People's Congress. The Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union
Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union
was the legislature and nominal supreme institution of state power in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
from 1989 to 1991.

Congress
Congress
of People's Deputies of Russia, a Russian institution modeled after USSR one, existed in 1990—1993.

Political parties
Political parties
and organizations[edit] Congress
Congress
is included in the name of several political parties, especially those in former British colonies:

Guyana

People's National Congress

India

Indian National Congress All India
India
Trinamool Congress Kerala Congress Nationalist Congress
Congress
Party Tamil Maanila Congress YSR Congress BSR Congress All India
India
N.R. Congress

Lesotho

Basotho Congress
Congress
Party Lesotho
Lesotho
Congress
Congress
for Democracy Lesotho
Lesotho
People's Congress

Malawi

Malawi
Malawi
Congress
Congress
Party

Malaysia

Malaysian Indian Congress

Namibia

Congress
Congress
of Democrats

Pakistan

Peoples Revolutionary Congress
Congress
Pakistan

Sudan

National Congress
Congress
(Sudan)

Fiji

National Congress
Congress
of Fiji

Canary Islands

National Congress
Congress
of the Canaries

Nepal

Nepali Congress

Sierra Leone

All People's Congress

South Africa

African National Congress Congress
Congress
of the People Pan-Africanist Congress

Sri Lanka

All Ceylon Tamil Congress Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Muslim Congress

Swaziland

Ngwane National Liberatory Congress

Trinidad and Tobago

United National Congress

Uganda

Ugandan People's Congress

Party congresses[edit] Many political parties also have a party congress every few years to make decisions for the party and elect governing bodies. This is sometimes called a political convention. Miscellaneous political congresses[edit]

National Congress
Congress
of American Indians Iraqi National Congress Congress
Congress
of Racial Equality Continental Congress
Continental Congress
2.0

Labor congresses[edit]

Congress
Congress
of Industrial Organizations Trade Union Congress
Congress
of the Philippines Trades Union Congress

Non-political congresses[edit] Scientific congress[edit] Congress
Congress
is an alternative name for a large national or international academic conference. For instance, the World Congress
Congress
on Men's Health WCMH is an annual meeting on men's medical issues. Athletic sports congress[edit] Organizations in some athletic sports, such as bowling, have historically been named "congresses". The predecessors to the United States Bowling
Bowling
Congress, formed in 1995, were the male-only American Bowling
Bowling
Congress
Congress
founded in 1895, and the female-only Women's International Bowling
Bowling
Congress
Congress
founded in 1927, which combined in 1995 to form the USBC. Chess
Chess
congress[edit]

Chess
Chess
congress

A Chess
Chess
congress is a chess tournament, in one city, where a large number of contestants gather to play competitive chess over a limited period of time; typically one day to one week. References[edit]

^ "congress". Longman
Longman
Dictionary of Contemporary English Online. London, England, UK: Longman. Retrieved June 12, 2013.  ^ "congress". Oxford English Dictionry Online. Oxford, England, UK: Oxford University Press. Retrieved March 9, 2018. 

External links[edit]

Look up congress in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

European affairs events International congress calendar Medical Congresse

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