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In geography , a CONFLUENCE is the meeting of two or more bodies of water. Also known as a conflux, it refers either to the point where a tributary joins a larger river , (main stem ), or where two streams meet to become the source of a river of a new name, such as the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers in Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
creating the Ohio River
River
.

The term is also used to describe the meeting of tidal or other non-riverine bodies of water, such as two canals or a canal and a lake. A one-mile (1.6 km) portion of the Industrial Canal in New Orleans accommodates the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway and the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal ; therefore those three waterways are confluent there.

NOTABLE CONFLUENCES

* Niagara-on-the-Lake , Ontario, Canada
Canada
is at the confluence of the Niagara River
River
and Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario
. * The junction of the Green River
River
and Colorado River
River
forms the heart of Canyonlands National Park in Utah
Utah
's Canyon Country . * The Sangam , near Allahabad , India
India
, where the sacred rivers Ganges
Ganges
and Yamuna meet to create one of the holiest places in Hinduism . * The Ohio River
River
is formed by the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers, located in Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
. * The Madison , Jefferson and Gallatin Rivers in Three Forks, Montana form the confluence of the Missouri River
River
, one of the longest rivers in the United States (2,341 miles (3,767 km)). * Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
, the capital of Malaysia
Malaysia
, is at the confluence of the Gombak River
River
(previously known as Sungai Lumpur, which means muddy river) and the Klang River
River
. * Passau
Passau
known also as the Dreiflüssestadt (City of Three Rivers), because the Danube
Danube
River
River
is joined there by the Inn River
River
from the South, and the Ilz River
River
coming out of the Bavarian Forest to the North. * Manaus
Manaus
, Brazil
Brazil
is on the Rio Negro near its confluence with the Amazon (see Meeting of Waters ). It is the chief port and a hub for the region's extensive river system. * Osijek
Osijek
, Croatia
Croatia
, is on the right bank of the river Drava 25 km upstream of its confluence with the Danube
Danube
. * Belgrade
Belgrade
, the capital of Serbia
Serbia
lies at the confluence of the Sava
Sava
and Danube
Danube
Rivers. * The Hochelaga Archipelago
Hochelaga Archipelago
, including the island and city of Montreal
Montreal
, is located at the confluence of the St. Lawrence River
River
and Ottawa River
River
in Quebec
Quebec
, Canada
Canada
. * The two largest rivers in Australia, the Darling and the Murray converge at Wentworth, New South Wales * Rovaniemi , the capital of Finnish Lapland and one of the largest towns above the Arctic Circle
Arctic Circle
, is at the confluence of rivers Ounasjoki
Ounasjoki
and Kemijoki . * Winnipeg
Winnipeg
, Canada
Canada
, is at the confluence of the Red River
River
, and the Assiniboine River
River
. The area is referred to as The Forks by locals, and has been an important trade location for over 6000 years. * The confluence of the rivers Danube
Danube
and Morava in Devín on the border between Slovakia
Slovakia
and Austria. * Triangle of Three Emperors , former tripoint in Europe. * Cairo, Illinois
Cairo, Illinois
, in the United States, where the Ohio River
River
flows into the Mississippi River
River
. * St. Louis, Missouri
St. Louis, Missouri
, is built just south of the confluence of the Mississippi River
River
and the Missouri River
River
. * Lyon
Lyon
, France
France
is located on the confluence of the Saône and Rhone rivers. * Lytton, British Columbia , Canada
Canada
, is located at the confluence of the muddy Fraser River
Fraser River
and the clearer Thompson River
Thompson River
. * The confluence between the Franklin River
River
and Gordon River
River
in south-western Tasmania * The confluence of the Snake and Columbia River
River
at the Tri-Cities of Washington . * The confluence of the rivers Pivka and Rak is one of the largest subterranean confluences in Europe. * The confluence at Lokoja , Nigeria
Nigeria
, where the Niger and Benue rivers merge. * The Sudanese capital of Khartoum
Khartoum
, located at the confluence of the White Nile and the Blue Nile . This merging point is the beginning of the Nile
Nile
. * Columbus, Ohio
Columbus, Ohio
, in the United States is at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers. * Luang Prabang
Luang Prabang
in Laos
Laos
is at the confluence of the Mekong
Mekong
and Nam Khan rivers. * River
River
Kabul and River
River
Swat at Attock, in Pakistan. * 82 km north of Al- Basra
Basra
in Iraq
Iraq
, at the town of Al-Qurnah is the confluence of the rivers Tigris
Tigris
and Euphrates forming Shatt al-Arab . * Portland, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
is at the confluence of the Columbia River
River
and the Willamette River
River
. * Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
is located where the Shenandoah River flows into the Potomac River
River
. * Kryvyi Rih
Kryvyi Rih
, Ukraine
Ukraine
is located (and named after) on the confluence of the Saksahan and Inhulets River
River
.

SEE ALSO

Wikimedia Commons has media related to CONFLUENCES .

* River
River
mouth * Aber and Inver as place-name elements * Sangam at Allahabad

REFERENCES

* ^ "Conflux - Definition of conflux by Merriam-Webster". merriam-webster.com. * ^ The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers refers to the confluence of the Assawoman Canal with the Bethany Loop Canal in Delaware. See: "CENAP-OP-R-Quarterly Report, 2004-05-12". Philadelphia Engineer District. Retrieved 2006-03-11. * ^ Engineers in New Orleans
New Orleans
refer to the confluence of the 17th Street Canal and Lake Pontchartrain. See: "Interim Closure Structure at 17th St. Canal". Task Force Guardian. Archived from the original on 2006-06-25. Retrieved 2006-03-11. * ^ Kogovšek, Janja; Petrič, Metka; Zupan Hajna, Nadja; Pipan, Tanja. "Planinska jama" . In Šmid Hribar, Mateja; Golež, Gregor; Podjed, Dan; Kladnik, Drago; Erhartič, Bojan; Pavlin, Primož; Ines, Jerele. Enciklopedija naravne in kulturne dediščine na Slovenskem (in Slovenian). Retrieved 17 M

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