The Info List - Co-operative Party

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The Co-operative
Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom supporting co-operative values and principles. Established in 1917, the Co-operative
Party was founded by co-operative societies to politically campaign for the fairer treatment of co-operative enterprise and to elect co-operators to Parliament. The Party’s roots lie in the Parliamentary Committee of the Co-operative
Union established in 1881. Since 1927, the Co-operative
Party has had an electoral pact with the Labour Party, with both parties agreeing not to stand candidates against each other. Instead candidates selected by members of both parties contest elections using the description of Labour and Co-operative
Party.[2] The Co-operative
Party is a legally separate entity from the Labour Party, and is registered as a political party with the Electoral Commission.[3] Co-operative
Party members are not permitted to be members of any other political party in the UK apart from the Labour Party and the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) in Northern Ireland. The Co-operative
Party is arguably the third largest party in the House of Commons with 38 Members of Parliament, although as all of its MPs sit in the Parliamentary Labour Party, this distinction is seldom made. It also has representatives in the House of Lords, Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly
Welsh Assembly
and local government. In keeping with its co-operative values and principles, the Co-operative
Party does not have a leader like other political parties. Instead, Gareth Thomas serves as Chair of the National Executive Committee, Claire McCarthy as General Secretary, and Gavin Shuker as Chair of the Co-operative
Party Group of Parliamentarians.


1 History

1.1 Joint Parliamentary Committee 1.2 First World War 1.3 Central Co-operative
Parliamentary Representation Committee 1.4 The rise of the sister party

2 Organisation and structure

2.1 Local structure 2.2 Funding and finance 2.3 Candidates 2.4 Annual conference 2.5 Leadership 2.6 Chairs of the Co-operative
Party 2.7 General Secretaries of the Co-operative

3 Electoral representation

3.1 Electoral Performance 3.2 House of Commons 3.3 House of Lords 3.4 National Assembly for Wales 3.5 Scottish Parliament 3.6 London Assembly 3.7 Police and Crime Commissioners 3.8 Northern Ireland Assembly

4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

History[edit] The Co-operative
Party was formed in 1917 after being approved by the May Congress of the British co-operative movement
British co-operative movement
held in Swansea.[4][5] Since an electoral pact established in 1927, the party has stood joint candidates with the Labour Party.[6] In 1938, a written constitution was adopted by the Co-operative
Party which formalised links between the two parties, and in 1946 Co-operative candidates first stood in elections under the Labour Co-operative banner.[4][7] In its formative years, the Co-operative
Party was almost exclusively concerned with the trading and commercial problems of the co-operative movement. Since the 1930s, it has widened its emphasis, using influence gained through strong links with the political and commercial left to spread what it sees as co-operative ethos and moral principles. The basic principles underpinning the party are to seek recognition for co-operative enterprises, recognition for the social economy, and to advance support for co-operatives and co-operation across Europe and the developing world. The party stands for a sustainable economy and society, a culture of citizenship and socially responsible business represented by the practice of retail and industrial co-operatives. The Co-operative
Party seeks to advance its agenda through the Parliamentary Labour Party, with whom it shares common values. Joint Parliamentary Committee[edit] The Joint Parliamentary Committee was set up in 1881 by The Co-operative
Union. It was primarily a watchdog on parliamentary activities. Issues and legislation could be raised in the House of Commons only by lobbying sympathetic, usually Labour, MPs. As it was somewhat unsatisfactory to have to lobby MPs on each individual issue, motions were passed at the Co-operative
Union Annual Congress urging direct parliamentary representation. However, for much of this early period societies would not commit funds. First World War[edit] At the start of the war, the many retail societies in the Co-operative movement grew in both membership and trade, in part because of their very public anti-profiteering stance. When conscription was introduced and food and fuel supplies restricted, these societies began to suffer. The movement was under-represented on the various governmental distribution committees and draft tribunals. Co-operatives received minimal supplies and even management were often drafted, whereas business opponents were able to have even clerks declared vital for the war effort. Societies were also required to pay excess profits tax, although their co-operative nature meant they made no profits. A motion was tabled at the 1917 Congress held in Swansea
by the Joint Parliamentary Committee and 104 retail societies, calling for direct representation at national and local government levels. The motion was passed by 1979 votes to 201.[4] Central Co-operative
Parliamentary Representation Committee[edit] An Emergency Political Conference was held on 18 October 1917. As a result, the Central Co-operative
Parliamentary Representation Committee was formed in 1917, with the objective of putting co-operators into the House of Commons. This was soon renamed the Co-operative
Party. The first national secretary was Samuel Perry, later a Member of Parliament and the father of Fred Perry.[8] At first the party put forward its own candidates. The first was H. J. May, later Secretary of the International Co-operative
Alliance, who was unsuccessful at the Prestwich by-election, January 1918. Ten then stood in the 1918 general election.[4] One candidate met with success, Alfred Waterson, who became a Member of Parliament for the Kettering seat. Waterson took the Labour whip in Parliament. In 1919, 151 Co-operative
Party councillors were elected at local level. Waterson retired from Parliament in 1922, but four new Co-operative
MPs were elected that same year, including A.V. Alexander, all of whom took the Labour whip. Six were elected in 1923 and five in 1924. However, since the 1927 Cheltenham
Agreement, the party has had an electoral agreement with the Labour Party, which allows for a limited number of Labour Co-operative
Labour Co-operative
candidates. This means that the parties involved do not oppose each other. The agreement has been amended several times, most recently in 2003, which was made in the name of the Co-operative
Party rather than the Co-operative
Union. After the formal agreement, nine Labour Co-operative
Labour Co-operative
MPs were elected at the 1929 general election, and Alexander was made a cabinet minister. However, only one was returned at the 1931 election against the backdrop of a massive defeat for Labour. The rise of the sister party[edit] Labour's recovery as a credible party of government during World War II and the formal links and local affiliations brought by the 1927 agreement saw benefits electorally for the Co-operative
Party. In 1945, 23 Labour Co-operative
Labour Co-operative
MPs were elected and two had high office in the Labour government – Alexander and Alfred Barnes, who had been chair of the Party. But with Labour's fluctuating fortunes and the slow post-war decline of the co-operative movement, the Party saw its influence and standing fall. By 1983, another nadir for Labour fortunes, only eight Labour Co-operative
MPs were elected. However, in 1997, all 23 candidates won seats in Parliament and, after Labour assumed power, the Party gained its first members of the Cabinet since AV Alexander: Alun Michael
Alun Michael
1998–99 (later First Minister for Wales) and Ed Balls
Ed Balls
2007–2010. In 2001, only one candidate was defeated: Faye Tinnion, who had stood against the Leader of the Conservative Party, William Hague. Organisation and structure[edit] Local structure[edit] At a local level, members are allocated to a branch which includes one or more local authority areas. Branches are organised into autonomous 'Society Party Councils', which normally includes one or more counties and are linked to a retail co-operative such as the Co-operative
Group or Midcounties Co-operative.[9] Branches and party councils organise the Party's local activity including selecting candidates, campaigning and liaising with Constituency Labour Parties. Funding and finance[edit] Most of the party's income comes from grants made by six of the largest retail co-operative societies and from members' fees. The Co-operative
Group is a substantial funder of the party, but no funding is given by The Co-operative
Bank since it split from the group in 2013.[10] Local retail societies provide most funding for local party councils, which form the basis of members contact with the party. The party recognises several structures which exist without society support (voluntary parties) as being part of the whole. Subscriptions from members also support the party financially. Candidates[edit] As a result of an electoral agreement with the Labour Party,[2] " Labour and Co-operative
Labour and Co-operative
Party" candidates receive financial help with election expenses from the Co-operative
Party, including funding parliamentary candidates. There are other Labour MPs who are Co-operative
Party members but are not sponsored. One of these was Gareth Thomas MP, chair of the Co-operative
Party since 2001 and of the Co-operative
Congress in 2003, who was invited to join the parliamentary group in 2003. Until the 1990s, the number of Labour Co-operative
candidates was capped at 30. The party's capacity to support more than the previously agreed number is debatable as the prospects of non-sponsored members are not always unfavourable. The benefits of the agreement are twofold, Labour gaining candidates with lower election costs and the party gaining influence within a Labour movement. The Co-operative
Party has not registered a logo with the Electoral Commission for use on ballot papers. Following the passing of the Electoral Administration Act 2006, candidates standing under a joint description were unable to use any registered emblem.[11] The law was amended in 2013 to allow the use of an emblem by candidates standing jointly for two parties;[12] this allowed Labour and Co-operative Party candidates to use the registered Labour Party emblem in the 2015 general election. Annual conference[edit] The party holds an annual conference with delegates elected by their local members by local parties and societies. The inaugural conference was held in 1920 in Methodist Central Hall Westminster
Methodist Central Hall Westminster
and the first annual conference in Preston in 1924. The 2006 conference was held in Sheffield
in September. The 2007 conference, marking 90 years, was held at Central Hall, Westminster. The 2010 Conference, held in Cardiff
included a reception hosted at the Welsh Assembly
Welsh Assembly
Building, the Senedd, marking the launch of the Party's Manifesto for the 2011 Welsh Assembly
Welsh Assembly
Election. In 2014, the Party's Annual Conference was held from 10–12 October at TUC Congress House
Congress House
in London. Leadership[edit] The current General Secretary is Claire McCarthy, appointed in October 2015.[13] McCarthy succeeded Karin Christiansen (appointed 2012) who had been the first female in the position. Previous General Secretaries include Michael Stephenson (from June 2008; a former adviser to Tony Blair),[14] Peter Hunt (from 1998), and Peter Clarke. Chairs of the Co-operative

1918–1924 William Henry Watkins 1924–1945 Alfred Barnes MP 1945–1955 William Coldrick MP 1955–1957 Albert Ballard 1957–1965 James Peddie 1965–1972 Herbert Kemp CSD, JP 1972–1978 John Parkinson 1978–1982 Tom Turvey JP 1982–1989 Brian Hellowell 1989–1995 Jessie Carnegie 1995–1996 Peter Nurse 1996–2001 Jim Lee 2001–present Gareth Thomas MP

General Secretaries of the Co-operative

1917–1942 Samuel Perry 1942–1962 Jack Bailey 1962–1967 Harold Campbell 1967–1974 Ted Graham 1974–1992 David Wise 1992–1998 Peter Clarke 1998–2008 Peter Hunt 2008–2012 Michael Stephenson 2012–2015 Karin Christiansen 2015–present Claire McCarthy

Electoral representation[edit] The modern party is the political arm of the wider British co-operative movement and membership of another co-operative enterprise is a requirement for candidates. Co-operative
members who wish to stand for election must also be members of the Labour Party, and stand as Labour and Co-operative
Labour and Co-operative
Party candidates.[2] Electoral Performance[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom

Election Seats ± Government


1 / 707

1 Coalition Liberal–Conservative


4 / 615

3 Conservative


6 / 625

2 Labour minority


5 / 615

1 Conservative


9 / 615

4 Labour minority


1 / 615

8 National Labour–Conservative–Liberal


9 / 615

8 Conservative–National Labour–Liberal National


23 / 640

14 Labour


18 / 625

5 Labour


16 / 625

2 Conservative


19 / 630

3 Conservative


16 / 630

3 Conservative


19 / 630

3 Labour


18 / 630

1 Labour


15 / 630

2 Conservative


14 / 635

1 Labour minority


14 / 635



17 / 635

3 Conservative


7 / 650

10 Conservative


9 / 650

2 Conservative


14 / 651

5 Conservative


28 / 659

14 Labour


30 / 659

2 Labour


29 / 646

1 Labour


28 / 650

1 Conservative–Lib Dem


24 / 650

4 Conservative


38 / 650

12 Conservative minority

House of Commons[edit] There are 38 Labour and Co-operative
Labour and Co-operative
MPs in the House of Commons:[15]

Jon Ashworth
Jon Ashworth
(MP for Leicester South) Adrian Bailey
Adrian Bailey
(MP for West Bromwich West) Luciana Berger
Luciana Berger
(MP for Liverpool, Wavertree) Tracy Brabin
Tracy Brabin
(MP for Batley and Spen) Stella Creasy
Stella Creasy
(MP for Walthamstow) Geraint Davies (MP for Swansea
West) Anneliese Dodds
Anneliese Dodds
(MP for Oxford East) Stephen Doughty
Stephen Doughty
(MP for Cardiff
South and Penarth) David Drew (MP for Stroud) Louise Ellman
Louise Ellman
(MP for Liverpool, Riverside) Chris Evans (MP for Islwyn) Mike Gapes
Mike Gapes
(MP for Ilford South) Preet Gill
Preet Gill
(MP for Birmingham, Edgbaston) Mark Hendrick
Mark Hendrick
(MP for Preston) Meg Hillier
Meg Hillier
(MP for Hackney South and Shoreditch) Gerard Killen
Gerard Killen
(MP for Rutherglen and Hamilton West) Chris Leslie (MP for Nottingham East) Seema Malhotra
Seema Malhotra
(MP for Feltham and Heston) Rachael Maskell
Rachael Maskell
(MP for York Central) Jim McMahon (MP for Oldham West and Royton) Alex Norris
Alex Norris
(MP for Nottingham North) Kate Osamor
Kate Osamor
(MP for Edmonton) Luke Pollard
Luke Pollard
(MP for Plymouth, Sutton and Devonport) Lucy Powell
Lucy Powell
(MP for Manchester Central) Jo Platt
Jo Platt
(MP for Leigh) Steve Reed (MP for Croydon North) Christina Rees (MP for Neath) Jonathan Reynolds
Jonathan Reynolds
(MP for Stalybridge and Hyde) Lloyd Russell-Moyle (MP for Brighton, Kemptown) Barry Sheerman
Barry Sheerman
(MP for Huddersfield) Gavin Shuker
Gavin Shuker
(MP for Luton South) Gareth Snell
Gareth Snell
(MP for Stoke on Trent Central) Alex Sobel
Alex Sobel
(MP for Leeds North West) Paul Sweeney
Paul Sweeney
(MP for Glasgow North East) Gareth Thomas (MP for Harrow West) Anna Turley
Anna Turley
(MP for Redcar) Stephen Twigg
Stephen Twigg
(MP for Liverpool West Derby) John Woodcock (MP for Barrow and Furness)

House of Lords[edit] There are fourteen Labour and Co-operative
Labour and Co-operative
peers in the House of Lords:[16]

Lord Bassam of Brighton Lord Foulkes of Cumnock Baroness Hayter of Kentish Town Lord Hunt of Kings Heath Lord Kennedy of Southwark Lord Knight of Weymouth Lord McAvoy Lord Monks Lord Moonie Baroness Royall of Blaisdon Baroness Smith of Basildon Baroness Thornton Lord Tomlinson Lord Touhig Lord Davies of Coity on leave of absence since 20 February 2018) Lord Graham of Edmonton (on leave of absence since 5 September 2017)

Lord McFall of Alcluith currently sits as a non-affiliated peer following his appointment as Senior Deputy Speaker. National Assembly for Wales[edit] There are eleven Labour and Co-operative
Labour and Co-operative
AMs in the National Assembly for Wales:[17]

Mick Antoniw
Mick Antoniw
(AM for Pontypridd) Alun Davies (AM for Blaenau Gwent) Rebecca Evans (AM for Mid and West Wales) Vaughan Gething
Vaughan Gething
(AM for Cardiff
South and Penarth) John Griffiths (AM for Newport East) Huw Irranca-Davies
Huw Irranca-Davies
(AM for Ogmore) Ann Jones (AM for Vale of Clwyd) Jeremy Miles
Jeremy Miles
(AM for Neath) Lynne Neagle
Lynne Neagle
(AM for Torfaen) Rhianon Passmore
Rhianon Passmore
(AM for Islwyn) Lee Waters
Lee Waters
(AM for Llanelli)

Scottish Parliament[edit] There are seven Labour and Co-operative
Labour and Co-operative
MSPs in the Scottish Parliament:[18]

Claudia Beamish
Claudia Beamish
(MSP for South of Scotland) Neil Bibby
Neil Bibby
(MSP for West of Scotland) Kezia Dugdale (MSP for Lothian) Rhoda Grant (MSP for Highlands and Islands) James Kelly (MSP for Glasgow) Johann Lamont
Johann Lamont
(MSP for Glasgow) David Stewart (MSP for Highlands and Islands)

Ken Macintosh
Ken Macintosh
(MSP for West of Scotland) currently sits as an independent following his appointment as Presiding Officer. London Assembly[edit] There are seven Labour and Co-operative
Labour and Co-operative
AMs in the London Assembly:[19]

Jennette Arnold (AM for North East London) Leonie Cooper
Leonie Cooper
(AM for Merton and Wandsworth) Andrew Dismore (AM for Barnet and Camden) Len Duvall
Len Duvall
(AM for Greenwich and Lewisham) Florence Eshalomi
Florence Eshalomi
(AM for Lambeth and Southwark) Nicky Gavron
Nicky Gavron
(London-wide AM) Joanne McCartney (AM for Enfield and Haringey)

Police and Crime Commissioners[edit] Alun Michael
Alun Michael
is the current police and crime commissioner for South Wales.[20] Northern Ireland Assembly[edit] The Co-operative
party is affiliated with the Labour Party in Northern Ireland. Labour and SDLP
members are permitted to join the party,[21] but does not currently have any representation in the assembly. See also[edit]

List of Labour Co-operative
Labour Co-operative
Members of Parliament Rochdale Principles British co-operative movement


^ Co-operative
Party Annual Report 2016. The Co-operative
Party. 2016. p. 28.  ^ a b c "National Agreement between the Labour Party and the Co-operative
Party (2003)" (PDF).  ^ "Overview of donations and loans reported in 2013". Donations and loans to political parties. The Electoral Commission. (Registration required (help)).  ^ a b c d James C. Docherty; Peter Lamb (2006). Historical Dictionary of Socialism. Scarecrow Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-8108-6477-1.  ^ Arthur Birnie (2013). An Economic History of the British Isles. Routledge. p. 367. ISBN 978-1-136-58979-9.  ^ David Marsh (2013). The Changing Social Structure of England and Wales. Taylor & Francis. p. 178. ISBN 978-1-136-24163-5.  ^ Simon Hall (1999). The Hutchinson Illustrated Encyclopedia of British History. Taylor & Francis. p. 90. ISBN 978-1-57958-107-7.  ^ Rosen, Greg (2007). "Serving the People: Co-operative
Party History from Fred Perry
Fred Perry
to Gordon Brown". Co-operative
Party. ISBN 978-0-9549161-4-5.  ^ "Rules for a Society Party Council" (PDF). The Co-operative
Party. Retrieved 12 June 2017.  ^ "Co-op Group to continue funding political parties". BBC News. 16 May 2015.  ^ "City Council Candidates condemn electoral mix-up". The Cambridge Student Online. Retrieved 14 June 2011.  ^ "Electoral Registration and Administration Act 2013 Part 2 Section 20". Electoral Registration and Administration Act 2013. London. Retrieved 6 August 2014.  ^ Gareth Thomas (22 October 2015). "Claire McCarthy appointed General Secretary". Co-operative
Party. Retrieved 24 November 2015.  ^ "Michael Stephenson is new General Secretary". Co-operative
Party. 5 June 2008.  ^ "Members of Parliament".  ^ "Members of the House of Lords".  ^ "Members of the Welsh Assembly".  ^ "Members of the Scottish Assembly".  ^ "Members of the London Assembly".  ^ "Alun Michael".  ^ "Northern Ireland". 

Further reading[edit]

Consumers in politics, a history and general review of the Co-operative
Party (1969), Thomas F. Carbery, Manchester U.P.

External links[edit]

Party Website The National Co-operative
Archive holds records relating to the Co-operative

v t e

Political parties in the United Kingdom

House of Commons (650)

Conservative (317) Labour (259, including Labour Co-operative)* Scottish National (35) Liberal Democrats (12) Democratic Unionist (10) Sinn Féin† (7) Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
(4) Green (E&W) (1) Independent (5)

House of Lords
House of Lords

Conservative (245) Labour (191) Crossbenchers (181) Liberal Democrats (98) Democratic Unionist (3) UKIP (3) Ulster Unionist (2) Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
(1) Green (E&W) (1) Non-affiliated & independent (33) Lords Spiritual
Lords Spiritual

Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament

Scottish National (62) Conservatives (31) Labour (24) Scottish Green (6) Liberal Democrats (5) Independent (1)

National Assembly for Wales
National Assembly for Wales

Labour (29) Conservatives (11) Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
(10) UKIP (5) Independent (4) Liberal Democrats (1)

Northern Ireland Assembly
Northern Ireland Assembly

Democratic Unionist (28) Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(27) Social Democratic and Labour (12) Ulster Unionist (10) Alliance (8) Green (NI) (2) People Before Profit Alliance (1) Traditional Unionist Voice (1) Independent Unionist (1)

London Assembly
London Assembly

Labour (12) Conservative (8) Green (E&W) (2) UKIP (2) Liberal Democrats (1)

European Parliament
European Parliament
(73 of 751)

Conservative (ECR, 20) Labour (S&D, 20) UKIP (EFDD, 20) Green (E&W) (Greens/EFA, 3) Independent (Non-inscrits, 2; ENF, 1) Scottish National (Greens/EFA, 2) Democratic Unionist (Non-inscrits, 1) Liberal Democrats (ALDE, 1) Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
(Greens/EFA), 1) Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(GUE/NGL, 1) Ulster Unionist (ECR, 1)

Other national and regional parties

Britain First British Democratic British National English Democrats Independent Community and Health Concern Liberal Mebyon Kernow National Health Action National Liberal Progressive Unionist Scottish Socialist Solidarity§ UK European People's Party Yorkshire Party

* Co-operative
Party candidates stand jointly with the Labour Party. † Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
have elected members and offices at Westminster, but as abstentionists do not take their seats. §Some candidates stand as "Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition" candidates.

Portal:Politics List of political parties by representation Politics of the United Kingdom

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Labour Party



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Deputy Leaders

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General Secretaries

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Leaders in the Lords

Haldane Cripps Ponsonby Snell Addison Jowitt Alexander Pakenham Shackleton Shepherd Peart Hughes Richard Jay Williams Amos Ashton Royall Smith

PLP Chairs

Hardie Henderson Barnes MacDonald Henderson Hodge* Wardle* Adamson Clynes MacDonald Henderson Lansbury Attlee Lees-Smith* Pethick-Lawrence* Greenwood* Gaitskell Wilson Houghton Mikardo Hughes Willey Dormand Orme Hoyle Soley Corston Clwyd Lloyd Watts Cryer

* = wartime, in opposition

Internal elections

Leadership elections

1922 (MacDonald) 1931 (Henderson) 1932 (Lansbury) 1935 (Attlee) 1955 (Gaitskell) 1960 1961 1963 (Wilson) 1976 (Callaghan) 1980 (Foot) 1983 (Kinnock) 1988 1992 (Smith) 1994 (Blair) 2007 (Brown) 2010 (Miliband) 2015 (Corbyn) 2016

Deputy Leadership elections

1952 (Morrison) 1953 1956 (Griffiths) 1959 (Bevan) 1960 (Brown) 1961 1962 1970 (Jenkins) 1971 1972 (Short) 1976 (Foot) 1980 (Healey) 1981 1983 (Hattersley) 1988 1992 (Beckett) 1994 (Prescott) 2007 (Harman) 2015 (Watson)

Shadow Cabinet elections

1952 (Attlee) 1953 (Attlee) 1954 (Attlee) 1955 (Attlee) 1956 (Gaitskell) 1957 (Gaitskell) 1958 (Gaitskell) ... 1979 (Callaghan) 1980 (Foot) 1981 (Foot) 1982 (Foot) 1983 (Kinnock) 1984 (Kinnock) 1985 (Kinnock) 1986 (Kinnock) 1987 (Kinnock) ... 1990 (Kinnock) 1991 (Kinnock) 1992 (Smith) 1993 (Smith) 1994 (Blair) 1995 (Blair) 1996 (Blair) 2010 (Miliband)

Party structure


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Clause IV

Rule Book


National Executive Committee General Secretary Treasurer


Parliamentary Labour Party

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Directly elected city mayoral authorities

London Labour Party


Constituency Labour Party


National Policy Forum Affiliated trade unions Trade Union and Labour Party Liaison Organisation Labour Co-operative


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Associated organisations


Organisations associated with the Labour Party

Sectional groups

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Factional groups

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Young Fabians

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Party alliances


List of current alliances Party of European Socialists Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats Progressive Alliance Socia