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The Info List - Climate Of Egypt


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The prevailing wind to the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
continuously blows over the northern coast without the interposition of an eventual mountain range and thus, greatly moderates temperatures throughout the year. Because of the effect, average low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C (49.1 °F) in wintertime to 23 °C (73.4 °F) in summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 °C (62.6 °F) in wintertime to 32 °C (89.6 °F) in summertime. Though temperatures are moderated along the coasts, the situation changes in the interior, which are away from the moderating northerly winds. Thus, in the central and the southern parts, daytime temperatures are hotter, especially in summers where average high temperatures can exceed 40 °C (104 °F) in cities and places such as Aswan
Aswan
, Luxor
Luxor
, Asyut
Asyut
or Sohag which are located in the deserts of Egypt. Some mountainous locations in Sinai
Sinai
, such as Saint Catherine , have cooler night temperatures, due to their high elevations.

Every year, sometime from March to May, an extremely hot, dry and dusty wind blows from the south or the southwest. This wind is called khamasīn . When the flow of dry air continuously blows over vast desert regions, it picks up fine sand and dust particles and finally results in a dusty wind which is generally felt in the periphery of the desert. When this wind blows over Egypt, it causes high temperatures to soar temporarily at dangerous levels, usually over 45 °C (113 °F), the relative humidity levels to drop under 5%. The khamasīn causes sudden, early heat waves and the absolute highest temperature records in Egypt.

Egypt receives between 20 mm (0.79 in) and 200 mm (7.87 in) of annual average precipitation along the narrow Mediterranean coast , but south to Cairo, the average drops to nearly 0 millimetres (0.00 inches) in the central and the southern part of the country. The cloudiest, rainiest places are in and around Alexandria
Alexandria
and Rafah . The sunshine duration is high all over Egypt, ranging from a low of 3,300 hours along the northernmost part in places such as Alexandria
Alexandria
to reach a high of over 4,000 hours farther in the interior, in most of the country. Snow in Saint Catherine , Sinai
Sinai
Peninsula

It usually snows on the Sinai
Sinai
mountains, but it almost never snows in the cities of Giza, Cairo, and Alexandria. For example, in December 2013, Cairo received a single overnight snowfall for the first time since 1901. Template:Cairo weather box

GENERAL INFORMATION

ALEXANDRIA

CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )

J F M A M J J A S O N D

53 18 9 29 19 9 14 21 11 3.6 24 13 1.3 27 17 0 29 20 0 30 23 0.1 30 23 0.8 30 21 9.4 28 18 32 24 14 53 20 11

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Source: World Meteorological Organization

IMPERIAL CONVERSION

J F M A M J J A S O N D

2.1 65 48 1.1 67 49 0.6 70 51 0.1 75 56 0.1 80 62 0 83 69 0 85 73 0 87 74 0 85 70 0.4 82 64 1.2 75 58 2.1 68 51

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

LUXOR

CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )

J F M A M J J A S O N D

0 23 5 0 25 7 0 27 10 0 35 16 0 39 20 0 41 23 0 41 24 0 40 23 0 39 21 1 35 17 0 29 12 0 24 7

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Source: Climate Charts

IMPERIAL CONVERSION

J F M A M J J A S O N D

0 73 42 0 78 45 0 81 51 0 95 61 0 103 68 0 107 73 0 106 74 0 105 74 0 102 70 0 96 63 0 84 53 0 76 45

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

SAINT CATHERINE

CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )

J F M A M J J A S O N D

3 14 2 2 15 2 4 19 6 4 24 10 0 28 14 0 31 16 0 32 18 0 32 18 946 31 16 1 26 12 3 20 7 4 16 4

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Source: Climate Charts

IMPERIAL CONVERSION

J F M A M J J A S O N D

0.1 57 35 0.1 58 36 0.2 65 42 0.2 75 50 0 82 57 0 88 61 0 90 64 0 90 64 37 87 61 0 78 54 0.1 68 45 0.2 60 39

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

Topography map Notable climatic features

* Rafah and Alexandria
Alexandria
are the wettest places * Asyut
Asyut
is the driest city * Aswan
Aswan
and Luxor
Luxor
are the cities with the hottest summer days * Saint Catherine has the coldest nights and coldest winters

Cities or resorts with coolest summer days

* Mersa Matruh * Port Said

Places with least temperature fluctuation

* Port Said * Kosseir * Ras El Bar * Baltim * Damietta * Alexandria
Alexandria

Wettest places

* Rafah * Alexandria
Alexandria
* Abu Qir * Rosetta * Baltim * Kafr El Dawwar * Mersa Matruh

Cities or resorts with warmest winter nights

* Marsa Alam * El Qoseir * Sharm El Sheikh

Cities with most temperature fluctuation between days and nights

* Luxor
Luxor
* Minya * Sohag * Qena * Asyut
Asyut

SEE ALSO

* Geography of Egypt
Geography of Egypt

REFERENCES

* ^ "World Weather Information Service - Alexandria". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 10 July 2013. * ^ "Luxor, Egypt: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Retrieved 10 July 2013. * ^ "St. Katrine, Egypt: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Retrieved 10 July 2013. * ^ "Egypt Climate Index". Climate Charts. Retrieved 20 June 2013.

* v * t * e

Climate of Asia

SOVEREIGN STATES

* Afghanistan * Armenia * Azerbaijan * Bahrain * Bangladesh * Bhutan * Brunei * Cambodia * China * Cyprus * East Timor (Timor-Leste) * Egypt * Georgia * India * Indonesia * Iran * Iraq * Israel * Japan * Jordan * Kazakhstan * North Korea * South Korea * Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos * Lebanon * Malaysia * Maldives * Mongolia * Myanmar * Nepal * Oman * Pakistan * Philippines * Qatar * Russia * Saudi Arabia * Singapore * Sri Lanka * Syria * Tajikistan * Thailand * Turkey * Turkmenistan * United Arab Emirates * Uzbekistan * Vietnam * Yemen

States with limited recognition

* Abkhazia * Artsakh * Northern Cyprus * Palestine * South Ossetia * Taiwan

Dependencies and other territories

* British Indian Ocean Territory * Christmas Island * Cocos (Keeling) Islands * Hong Kong * Macau

* v * t * e

Climate of Africa

SOVEREIGN STATES

* Algeria * Angola * Benin * Botswana * Burkina Faso * Burundi * Cameroon * Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) * Central African Republic * Chad * Comoros * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Republic of the Congo * Djibouti * Egypt * Equatorial Guinea * Eritrea * Ethiopia * Gabon * The Gambia * Ghana * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Ivory Coast (Côte d\'Ivoire) * Kenya * Lesotho * Liberia * Libya * Madagascar * Malawi * Mali * Mauritania * Mauritius * Morocco * Mozambique * Namibia * Niger * Nigeria * Rwanda * São Tomé and Príncipe * Senegal * Seychelles * Sierra Leone * Somalia * South Africa * South Sudan * Sudan * Swaziland * Tanzania * Togo * Tunisia * Uganda * Zambia * Zimbabwe

States with limited recognition

* Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic * Somaliland

Dependencies and other territories

* Canary Islands / Ceuta / Melilla / (see also plazas de soberanía ) (Spain) * Madeira (Portugal) * Mayotte / Réunion (France) * Saint Helena / Ascension Island / Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom) * Weste