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William Clark Gable
Clark Gable
(February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an American film actor and military officer, often referred to as "The King of Hollywood" or just simply as "The King".[1] He began his career as a bus boy and appeared as an extra in silent films between 1924 and 1926, and progressed to supporting roles with a few films for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
in 1930. The next year, he landed his first leading Hollywood
Hollywood
role and over the next three and a half decades he became a leading man in more than 60 motion pictures. Gable won an Academy Award for Best Actor
Academy Award for Best Actor
for It Happened One Night (1934),[2] and was nominated for leading roles in Mutiny on the Bounty (1935) and for his best-known role as Rhett Butler
Rhett Butler
in Gone with the Wind (1939).[citation needed] Gable also found success commercially and critically with films such as Red Dust (1932), Manhattan Melodrama
Manhattan Melodrama
(1934), San Francisco (1936), Saratoga (1937) Boom Town (1940), The Hucksters
The Hucksters
(1947), Homecoming (1948), and The Misfits (1961), which was his final screen appearance.[3] Gable appeared opposite some of the most popular actresses of the time. Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
was his favorite actress to work with,[4] and she was partnered with Gable in eight films. Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
worked with him seven times, and he was paired with Jean Harlow
Jean Harlow
in six productions. He also starred with Lana Turner
Lana Turner
in four features, and with Norma Shearer and Ava Gardner
Ava Gardner
in three each. Gable's final film, The Misfits (1961), united him with Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
(also in her last completed screen appearance[a]). Gable is considered one of the most consistent box-office performers in history, appearing on Quigley Publishing's annual Top Ten Money Making Stars Poll 16 times. He was named the seventh-greatest male star of classic American cinema by the American Film Institute.[2]

Contents

1 Life and career

1.1 Early life 1.2 Early career 1.3 Stage and silent films 1.4 Early success and rising star 1.5 Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
collaborations 1.6 Gone with the Wind 1.7 Marriage to Carole Lombard 1.8 World War II 1.9 After World War II 1.10 Politics 1.11 Death

2 Personal life and family 3 Style and reception 4 Filmography 5 In popular culture 6 See also 7 Informational notes 8 References 9 Bibliography 10 External links

Life and career[edit] Early life[edit] William Clark Gable
Clark Gable
was born in Cadiz, Ohio, to William Henry "Will" Gable (1870–1948), an oil-well driller,[4][5] and his wife, Adeline (née Hershelman). His father was a Protestant and his mother a Roman Catholic. Gable was named William after his father, but even in childhood, he was almost always called Clark or sometimes Billy.[6][7] He was mistakenly listed as a female on his birth certificate.[4] Among Gable's ancestors were Pennsylvania Dutch
Pennsylvania Dutch
(German), Belgians, Rhinelanders, and Bavarians.[4][8][9] When Gable was six months old, he was baptized at a Roman Catholic church in Dennison, Ohio. His mother died when he was ten months old, possibly from a brain tumor, although the official cause of death was given as an epileptic fit.[4] William Gable refused to raise his son Catholic, which provoked criticism from the Hershelman family. The dispute was resolved when Will Gable agreed to allow his son to spend time with his maternal uncle, Charles Hershelman, and his wife on their farm in Vernon Township, Pennsylvania.[10] In April 1903, Gable's father married Jennie Dunlap (1874–1919[11]), whose family came from the small neighboring town of Hopedale.[12] The marriage produced no children. Gable was a tall, shy child with a loud voice. His stepmother raised him to be well-dressed and well-groomed. Jennie played the piano and gave her stepson lessons at home.[13] Later he took up brass instruments. At 13, he was the only boy in the men's town band. He was very mechanically inclined and loved to strip down and repair cars with his father. Although his father insisted on Gable doing "manly" things, like hunting and hard physical work, Gable loved language. Among trusted company, he would recite Shakespeare, particularly the sonnets.[12] Will Gable agreed to buy a 72-volume set of The World's Greatest Literature to improve his son's education, but claimed he never saw his son use it.[14] In 1917, when Gable was in high school, his father had financial difficulties. Will decided to settle his debts and try his hand at farming, and the family moved to Ravenna, Ohio, near Akron. Despite his father's insistence that he work the farm, Gable soon left to work in Akron for the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company.[citation needed] Early career[edit]

"The Wife Gable Forgot"

At 17, Clark Gable
Clark Gable
was inspired to be an actor after seeing the play The Bird of Paradise, but he was not able to make a real start until he turned 21 and inherited some money.[15] By then, his stepmother had died, and his father moved to Tulsa, Oklahoma to go back to the oil business.[12] Gable toured in stock companies, as well as working the oil fields and as a horse manager. He found work with several second-class theater companies, thus making his way across the Midwest to Seaside, Oregon, working as a logger, and to Portland, Oregon, where he worked as a necktie salesman in the Meier & Frank department store.[16] In Portland, he met Laura Hope Crews, a stage and film actress, who encouraged him to return to the stage with another theater company.[12] Twenty years later, Crews played Aunt Pittypat alongside Gable's Rhett Butler
Rhett Butler
in Gone With the Wind (1939).[15] Gable's acting coach, Josephine Dillon
Josephine Dillon
— a theater manager in Portland – was 17 years older than him. She paid to have his teeth repaired and his hair styled. She guided him in building up his chronically undernourished body, and taught him better body control and posture. She spent considerable time training his naturally high-pitched voice, which he slowly managed to lower, to gain better resonance and tone. As his speech habits improved, his facial expressions became more natural and convincing. After a long period of training, Dillon considered him ready to attempt a film career.[17] Stage and silent films[edit]

Zita Johann
Zita Johann
and Clark Gable
Clark Gable
in Machinal
Machinal
(1928)

In 1924, with Dillon's financing, they went to Hollywood, where she became Gable's manager and first wife.[18] He changed his stage name from W. C. Gable to Clark Gable.[19] He found work as an extra in such silent films as Erich von Stroheim's The Merry Widow
The Merry Widow
(1925), The Plastic Age (1925), which starred Clara Bow, Forbidden Paradise (1924), starring Pola Negri, plus a series of two-reel comedies called The Pacemakers. He appeared as an extra in Fox's The Johnstown Flood (1926). Seventeen-year-old Carole Lombard, later his third wife, also appeared as an extra in that film, although they were not in the same scene. He also appeared as a bit player in a series of shorts.[20] However, he was not offered any major film roles, so he returned to the stage. He became lifelong friends with Lionel Barrymore, who, despite initially bawling Gable out for what he deemed amateurish acting, urged him to pursue a career on stage.[21][22] During the 1927–28 theater season, he acted with the Laskin Brothers Stock Company in Houston, Texas, where he played many roles, gained considerable experience, and became a local matinee idol.[12] He then moved to New York City, and Dillon sought work for him on Broadway. He received good reviews in Machinal
Machinal
(1928); "He's young, vigorous and brutally masculine", wrote the critic at The Morning Telegraph.[23] Early success and rising star[edit]

Mary Astor
Mary Astor
and Clark Gable
Clark Gable
in Red Dust, 1932

In 1930, after his impressive appearance as the seething and desperate character Killer Mears in the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
stage production of The Last Mile, Gable was offered a contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. His first role in a sound picture was as the unshaven villain in a low-budget William Boyd Western called The Painted Desert
The Painted Desert
(1931). He received a lot of fan mail as a result of his powerful voice and appearance; the studio took notice.[citation needed] In 1930, Gable and Josephine Dillon
Josephine Dillon
were divorced. A few days later, he married Texas socialite Maria Franklin Prentiss Lucas Langham, nicknamed "Rhea". After moving to California, they were married again in 1931, possibly due to differences in state legal requirements. "His ears are too big and he looks like an ape", said executive Darryl F. Zanuck, then at Warner Bros., about Gable after testing him for the lead in the studio's gangster drama Little Caesar (1931).[24] The same year, in Night Nurse, Gable played a villainous chauffeur who was gradually starving two adorable little girls to death, then knocked Barbara Stanwyck's character unconscious with his fist, a supporting role originally slated for James Cagney
James Cagney
until the release of The Public Enemy
The Public Enemy
abruptly made Cagney a leading man. After several failed screen tests for Barrymore and Zanuck, Gable was signed in 1930 by MGM's Irving Thalberg. He became a client of well-connected agent Minna Wallis, sister of producer Hal Wallis
Hal Wallis
and a very close friend of Norma Shearer.[citation needed] Gable's arrival in Hollywood
Hollywood
occurred fortuitously. MGM was looking to expand its stable of male stars and he fit the bill. He first worked mainly in supporting roles, often as the villain. He made two pictures in 1931 with Wallace Beery, a supporting role in The Secret Six, then with his part increasing in size to almost match Beery's in the naval aviation film Hell Divers. MGM's publicity manager Howard Strickling developed Gable's studio image, playing up his he-man experiences and his 'lumberjack in evening clothes' persona.[12]

Clark Gable
Clark Gable
and Jean Harlow
Jean Harlow
in Hold Your Man, 1933

To bolster his increasing popularity, MGM frequently paired him with well-established female stars. Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
asked for him as her co-star in Dance, Fools, Dance
Dance, Fools, Dance
(1931). He built his fame and public visibility in such movies as A Free Soul
A Free Soul
(1931), in which he played a gangster who shoved the character played by Norma Shearer; Gable never played a supporting role again. The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter wrote "A star in the making has been made, one that, to our reckoning, will outdraw every other star... Never have we seen audiences work themselves into such enthusiasm as when Clark Gable
Clark Gable
walks on the screen".[25] He followed that with Susan Lenox (Her Fall and Rise)
Susan Lenox (Her Fall and Rise)
(1931) with Greta Garbo, and Possessed (1931), in which Crawford (then married to Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
Jr.) and he steamed up the screen. Adela Rogers St. Johns later dubbed Gable and Crawford's real-life relationship as "the affair that nearly burned Hollywood
Hollywood
down".[26] Louis B. Mayer threatened to terminate both their contracts, and for a while they kept apart. Gable shifted his attentions to Marion Davies. However, Gable and Garbo disliked each other. She thought he was a wooden actor, while he considered her a snob.[27] Gable was considered for the role of Tarzan
Tarzan
in Tarzan
Tarzan
the Ape Man, but lost out to Johnny Weissmuller's more imposing physique and superior swimming prowess. However, Gable's unshaven lovemaking with braless Jean Harlow
Jean Harlow
in Red Dust (1932) soon made him MGM's most important male star.[citation needed] After the hit Hold Your Man
Hold Your Man
(1933), MGM recognized the goldmine of the Gable-Harlow pairing, putting them in two more films, China Seas (1935; with Gable and Harlow billed above Wallace Beery) and Wife vs. Secretary (1936) with Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
and James Stewart. An enormously popular combination, on-screen and off-screen, Gable and Harlow made six films together, the most notable being Red Dust (1932) and Saratoga (1937). Harlow died during production of Saratoga. Ninety percent completed, the remaining scenes were filmed with long shots or the use of doubles like Mary Dees; Gable said that he felt as if he were "in the arms of a ghost".[28]

Clark Gable
Clark Gable
and Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
in It Happened One Night, 1934

MGM did not have a project ready for Gable and was paying him $2,000 per week, under his contract, to do nothing. Studio head Louis B. Mayer lent him to Columbia for $2,500 per week, making a $500 per week profit.[6] Gable was not the first choice to play the lead role of Peter Warne in It Happened One Night
It Happened One Night
(1934). Robert Montgomery was originally offered the role, but he declined, feeling the script was poor.[29] Filming began in a tense atmosphere,[6] but both Gable and director Frank Capra
Frank Capra
enjoyed making the movie. It Happened One Night
It Happened One Night
became the first movie to sweep all five of the major Academy Awards, with Gable winning for Best Actor. To Capra, Gable's character in the film most closely resembled his real personality:

It Happened One Night
It Happened One Night
is the real Gable. He was never able to play that kind of character except in that one film. They had him playing these big, huff-and-puff he-man lovers, but he was not that kind of guy. He was a down-to-earth guy, he loved everything, he got down with the common people. He didn't want to play those big lover parts; he just wanted to play Clark Gable, the way he was in It Happened One Night, and it's too bad they didn't let him keep up with that.[30]

He returned to MGM a bigger star than ever.[31] He received an Academy Award nomination for his portrayal of Fletcher Christian
Fletcher Christian
in Mutiny on the Bounty (1935).[citation needed] Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
collaborations[edit]

Lobby card for Test Pilot with Loy and Tracy

Gable made three pictures with Spencer Tracy, which boosted Tracy's career and cemented them in the public mind as a team. San Francisco (1936) featured Tracy in a brief but Oscar-nominated role in which he played a priest who knocks Gable, by then the studio's foremost leading man, down in a boxing ring.[citation needed] Gone with the Wind[edit] Despite his reluctance to play the role, Gable is best known for his performance in Gone with the Wind (1939), for which he gained a Best Actor Oscar nomination. Carole Lombard
Carole Lombard
may have been the first to suggest that he play Rhett Butler
Rhett Butler
(and she play Scarlett) when she bought him a copy of the bestseller, which he refused to read.[32]

Gable and Vivien Leigh strike an amorous pose in Gone with the Wind, 1939

Butler's last line in Gone with the Wind, "Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn," is one of the most famous lines in movie history.[33] Gable was an almost immediate favorite for the role of Rhett with both the public and producer David O. Selznick. Since Selznick had no male stars under long-term contract, though, he needed to go through the process of negotiating to borrow an actor from another studio. Gary Cooper was Selznick's first choice.[34] When Cooper turned down the role of Butler, he was quoted as saying, "Gone With the Wind is going to be the biggest flop in Hollywood
Hollywood
history. I’m glad it'll be Clark Gable who's falling flat on his nose, not me."[35] By then, Selznick had become determined to hire Gable, and set about finding a way to borrow him from MGM. Gable was wary of potentially disappointing an audience that had decided that no one else could play the part. He later conceded, "I think I know now how a fly must react after being caught in a spider's web."[36] By all accounts, Gable got along well with his co-stars during filming.[37] Gable was great friends with actress Hattie McDaniel, and he even slipped her a real alcoholic drink during the scene in which they were supposed to be celebrating the birth of Scarlett and Rhett's daughter. Gable tried to boycott the premiere of Gone with the Wind in Atlanta, Georgia, because the African American McDaniel was not permitted to attend. He reportedly only went after she pleaded with him to go. Gable remained friends with McDaniel, and he always attended her Hollywood
Hollywood
parties, especially when she was raising funds during World War II.[38] Gable did not want to shed tears for the scene after Rhett inadvertently causes Scarlett to miscarry their second child. Olivia de Havilland made him cry, later commenting, "...Oh, he would not do it. He would not! Victor (Fleming) tried everything with him. He tried to attack him on a professional level. We had done it without him weeping several times and then we had one last try. I said, 'You can do it, I know you can do it and you will be wonderful...' Well, by heaven, just before the cameras rolled, you could see the tears come up at his eyes and he played the scene unforgettably well. He put his whole heart into it."[39] Decades later, Gable said that whenever his career would start to fade, a rerelease of Gone with the Wind would soon revive his popularity, and he continued as a top leading actor for the rest of his life. Marriage to Carole Lombard[edit]

Gable and Carole Lombard
Carole Lombard
after their honeymoon, 1939

Gable's marriage in 1939 to his third wife, actress Carole Lombard (1908–1942), was the happiest period of his personal life. They met while filming 1932's No Man of Her Own, when Lombard was still married to actor William Powell, but their romance did not take off until 1936. They became reacquainted at a party and soon were inseparable, cited in fan magazines and tabloids as an official couple. Gable thrived being around Lombard's youthful, charming, and frank personality, once stating, "You can trust that little screwball with your life or your hopes or your weaknesses, and she wouldn't even know how to think about letting you down."[40] Lombard, for her part, seemed to gain personal stability and a contented home life that she had previously lacked. She taught herself how to hunt and fish and accompanied Gable on trips with his hunting companions. Gable was still legally married, and he prolonged a lengthy and expensive divorce from his second wife Rhea Langham. His salary from Gone with the Wind enabled him to reach a divorce settlement with Langham, however, on March 7, 1939. On March 29, during a production break on Gone with the Wind, Gable and Lombard
Gable and Lombard
were married in Kingman, Arizona.[41] They purchased a ranch previously owned by director Raoul Walsh
Raoul Walsh
in Encino, California, and made it their home. They raised chickens and horses, and had a menagerie of cats and dogs. On January 16, 1942, Lombard was a passenger on Transcontinental and Western Air Flight 3 with her mother and press agent Otto Winkler. She had just finished her 57th movie, To Be or Not to Be, and was on her way home from a successful war bond selling tour when the flight's DC-3
DC-3
airliner crashed into a mountain near Las Vegas, Nevada, killing all 22 passengers aboard, including 15 servicemen en route to training in California. Gable flew to the crash site to claim the bodies of his wife, mother-in-law, and Winkler, who had been the best man at Gable and Lombard's wedding. Lombard was declared to be the first war-related American female casualty of World War II, and Gable received a personal note of condolence from President Roosevelt. The Civil Aeronautics Board
Civil Aeronautics Board
investigation into the crash concluded that pilot error was its cause.[42] Gable returned to their Encino ranch and carried out her funeral wishes as she had requested in her will. A month later, he returned to the studio to work with Lana Turner
Lana Turner
in the movie Somewhere I'll Find You. Having lost 20 pounds since the tragedy, Gable evidently was emotionally and physically devastated by it, but Turner stated that Gable remained a professional for the duration of filming. He acted in 27 more films and remarried twice more. "But he was never the same," said Esther Williams. "He had been devastated by Carole's death."[43] World War II[edit]

For details of Gable's combat missions, see RAF Polebrook

Clark Gable
Clark Gable
with an 8th Air Force
8th Air Force
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress
in England, 1943

In 1942, following Lombard's death, Gable joined the U.S. Army Air Forces. Lombard had suggested that Gable enlist as part of the war effort, but MGM was reluctant to let him go, and he resisted the suggestion. Gable made a public statement after Lombard's death that prompted the Commanding General of the U.S. Army Air Forces
U.S. Army Air Forces
Henry H. "Hap" Arnold to offer Gable a "special assignment" in aerial gunnery. The Washington Evening Star reported that Gable took a physical examination at Bolling Field
Bolling Field
on June 19, preliminary to joining the service.

"Mr. Gable, it was learned from a source outside the war department, conferred with Lieutenant General H. H. Arnold, head of the air forces yesterday." the Star continued. "It was understood that Mr. Gable, if he is commissioned, will make movies for the air forces. Lieutenant Jimmy Stewart, another actor in uniform, has been doing this."[44]

Gable had earlier expressed an interest in officer candidate school, but he enlisted on August 12, 1942, with the intention of becoming an enlisted aerial gunner on a bomber. MGM arranged for his studio friend, the cinematographer Andrew McIntyre, to enlist with him and accompany him through training.[45] However, shortly after his enlistment, McIntyre and he were sent to Miami Beach, Florida, where they entered USAAF OCS Class 42-E on August 17, 1942. Both completed training on October 28, 1942, commissioned as second lieutenants. His class of about 2,600 fellow students (of which he ranked about 700th in class standing) selected Gable as its graduation speaker, at which General Arnold presented the cadets with their commissions. Arnold then informed Gable of his special assignment: to make a recruiting film in combat with the Eighth Air Force
Eighth Air Force
to recruit aerial gunners. Gable and McIntyre were immediately sent to Flexible Gunnery School at Tyndall Field, Florida, followed by a photography course at Fort George Wright, Washington State and promoted to first lieutenants upon its completion.[45]

James Stewart
James Stewart
and Clark Gable
Clark Gable
in 1943

Gable reported to Biggs Army Airfield, Texas, on January 27, 1943, to train with and accompany the 351st Bomb Group to England
England
as head of a six-man motion picture unit. In addition to McIntyre, he recruited the screenwriter John Lee Mahin, camera operators Sgts. Mario Toti and Robert Boles, and the sound man Lt. Howard Voss to complete his crew. Gable was promoted to captain while he was with the 351st Bomb Group at Pueblo Army Air Base, Colorado, a rank commensurate with his position as a unit commander. (As first lieutenants, McIntyre and he had equal seniority.)[45] Gable spent most of 1943 in England
England
at RAF Polebrook
RAF Polebrook
with the 351st Bomb Group. Gable flew five combat missions, including one to Germany, as an observer-gunner in B-17 Flying Fortresses between May 4 and September 23, 1943, earning the Air Medal
Air Medal
and the Distinguished Flying Cross for his efforts. During one of the missions, Gable's aircraft was damaged by flak and attacked by fighters, which knocked out one of the engines and shot up the stabilizer. In the raid on Germany, one crewman was killed and two others were wounded, and flak went through Gable's boot and narrowly missed his head. When word of this reached MGM, studio executives began to badger the Army Air Forces to reassign its most valuable screen actor to noncombat duty. In November 1943, Gable returned to the United States
United States
to edit his film, only to find that the personnel shortage of aerial gunners had already been rectified. He was allowed to complete the film anyway, joining the First Motion Picture Unit
First Motion Picture Unit
in Hollywood. In May 1944, Gable was promoted to major. He hoped for another combat assignment, but when the invasion of Normandy came and went in June without any further orders, Gable was relieved from active duty as a major on June 12, 1944, at his request, since he was over-age for combat. His discharge papers were signed by Captain (later U.S. President) Ronald Reagan. Gable completed editing of the film Combat America in September 1944, giving the narration himself and making use of numerous interviews with enlisted gunners as focus of the film.[45] Because his motion picture production schedule made it impossible for him to fulfill reserve officer duties, he resigned his commission on September 26, 1947, a week after the Air Force became an independent service branch. Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
favored Gable above all other actors. During World War II, Hitler offered a sizable reward to anyone who could capture and bring Gable to him unscathed.[46] Gable's military awards were the Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal, American Campaign Medal, European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, and World War II
World War II
Victory Medal. He also qualified for and received aerial gunner wings. He made good use of his wartime experiences in the movie Command Decision (1948), playing a World War II
World War II
brigadier general who supervised bombing raids over Germany. After World War II[edit]

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Immediately after his discharge from the service, Gable returned to his ranch and rested. He resumed a prewar relationship with Virginia Grey and dated other starlets. He introduced his golf caddie Robert Wagner to MGM casting. Gable's first movie after World War II
World War II
was Adventure (1945), with his ill-matched co-star Greer Garson. It was a critical and commercial failure despite the famous teaser tagline "Gable's back and Garson's got him". After Joan Crawford's third divorce, Gable and she resumed their affair and lived together for a brief time. Gable was acclaimed for his performance in The Hucksters
The Hucksters
(1947), a satire of postwar Madison Avenue corruption and immorality. A very public and brief romance with Paulette Goddard
Paulette Goddard
occurred after that. In 1949, Gable married Sylvia Ashley, a British model and actress who was previously married to Douglas Fairbanks. The relationship was profoundly unsuccessful; they divorced in 1952. Soon followed Never Let Me Go (1953), opposite Gene Tierney. Tierney was a favorite of Gable and he was very disappointed when she was replaced in Mogambo
Mogambo
(because of her mental health problems) by Grace Kelly.[47] Mogambo
Mogambo
(1953), directed by John Ford, was a somewhat sanitized remake of his earlier Pre-Code
Pre-Code
film Red Dust, with Jean Harlow
Jean Harlow
and Mary Astor, which had been a greater success. Gable's on-location affair with Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1929–1982), who was young enough to be his daughter, gradually ended after filming was completed.

Clark Gable
Clark Gable
and Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
in Mogambo, 1953

Gable became increasingly unhappy with what he considered mediocre roles offered him by MGM, while the studio regarded his salary as excessive. Studio head Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
was fired in 1951 amid slumping Hollywood
Hollywood
production and revenue, due primarily to the rising popularity of television. Studio chiefs struggled to cut costs. Many MGM stars were fired or their contracts were not renewed, including Greer Garson
Greer Garson
and Judy Garland. In 1953, Gable refused to renew his contract and began to work independently. His first two films in this new situation were Soldier of Fortune and The Tall Men (both 1955), which were profitable, although only modest successes. In 1955, Gable married his fifth wife, Kay Spreckels (née Kathleen Williams), a thrice-married former fashion model and actress who had previously been married to sugar-refining heir Adolph B. Spreckels Jr. Gable became stepfather to her son Bunker Spreckels, who went on to live a notorious celebrity lifestyle in the late 1960s and early 1970s surfing scene, ultimately leading to his early death in 1977.

Clark Gable
Clark Gable
and Yvonne de Carlo in Band of Angels, 1957

In 1955, Gable formed a production company with Jane Russell
Jane Russell
and her husband Bob Waterfield, and they produced The King and Four Queens (1956), Gable's only production. He found producing and acting to be too taxing on his health, and he was beginning to manifest a noticeable tremor, particularly in long takes. His next project was Band of Angels
Band of Angels
(1957), with relative newcomer Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
and Yvonne De Carlo; it was not well received despite Gable's role's similarities to Rhett Butler. Newsweek
Newsweek
said, "Here is a movie so bad that it must be seen to be disbelieved."[48] Next, he paired with Doris Day
Doris Day
in Teacher's Pet (1958), shot in black and white. The film was good enough to bring Gable more movie offers, including Run Silent, Run Deep (also 1958), with co-star and producer Burt Lancaster, which featured his first on-screen death since 1937, and which garnered good reviews. Gable started to receive television offers, but rejected them outright. At 57, Gable finally acknowledged, "Now it's time I acted my age".[49] His next two films were light comedies for Paramount: But Not for Me (1959) with Carroll Baker
Carroll Baker
and It Started in Naples
It Started in Naples
(1960) with Sophia Loren. The last one, despite an icy critical reception, was a good box-office success and was nominated for an Academy award and two Golden Globes. Filmed mostly on location in Italy, it was Gable's last film released in color. On February 8, 1960, Gable received a star on the Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame for his work in motion pictures, located at 1608 Vine Street.[50][51] Gable's last film was The Misfits (1961), with a script by Arthur Miller and directed by John Huston. Co-starring with Gable were Marilyn
Marilyn
Monroe, her last completed film; Montgomery Clift; Eli Wallach; and Thelma Ritter. Many critics regard Gable's performance to be his finest, and Gable, after seeing the rough cuts, agreed.[52] Portraitist Al Hirschfeld
Al Hirschfeld
created a drawing, and then a lithograph, portraying the film's stars Clift, Monroe, and Gable with screenwriter Miller, in what is suggested as a typical "on-the-set" scene during the troubled production.[53] Throughout his life, Gable was fond of the work of artist Reinhold Palenske, and they were close friends. Politics[edit] Gable was a conservative Republican, though he never publicly spoke about politics. His third wife, Carole Lombard, was an activist liberal Democrat,[54] and she cajoled him into supporting Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
and the New Deal. In 1944, he became an early member of the conservative Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals, alongside Ronald Reagan, John Wayne, Gary Cooper, and other conservative actors and filmmakers, and was therefore pro-McCarthy. In February 1952, he attended a televised rally in New York where he enthusiastically urged General Dwight D. Eisenhower to run for president. This was when Eisenhower was still being sought by both parties as their candidate. Despite having suffered a severe coronary thrombosis, Gable still managed to vote by mail in the 1960 presidential election for Richard Nixon.[55] Death[edit]

Crypt of Clark Gable, in the Sanctuary of Trust of the Great Mausoleum, Forest Lawn Glendale.

With fourth wife Sylvia Ashley

On November 6, 1960, Gable was sent to Hollywood
Hollywood
Presbyterian Medical Center in Los Angeles, California, where doctors found that he had suffered a heart attack. Newspaper reports the following day listed his condition as satisfactory.[56] By the morning of November 16 he seemed to be improving.[57] But he died that evening at age 59 from an arterial blood clot. Medical staff did not perform CPR for fear that the procedure would rupture Gable's heart, and a defibrillator was not available.[58] There was speculation that Gable's physically demanding role in The Misfits contributed to his sudden death soon after filming was completed. In an interview with Louella Parsons, published soon after Gable's death, Kay Gable said, "It wasn't the physical exertion that killed him. It was the horrible tension, the eternal waiting, waiting, waiting. He waited around forever, for everybody. He'd get so angry that he'd just go ahead and do anything to keep occupied."[59] Monroe said that she and Kay had become close during the filming and would refer to Clark as "Our Man",[4] while Arthur Miller, observing Gable on location, noted, "no hint of affront ever showed on his face".[52] On March 20, 1961, Kay Gable gave birth to Gable's only son, John Clark Gable, at the same hospital in which her husband had died four months earlier. Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
attended his son's baptism.[60] Gable is interred in the Great Mausoleum, Memorial Terrace at Glendale's Forest Lawn Memorial Park. Personal life and family[edit] During the filming of The Call of the Wild in early 1935, the film's lead actress, Loretta Young, became pregnant with Gable's child. Their daughter, Judy, was born in November 1935. Those who knew of Gable's paternity widely assumed that the pregnancy was the result of an affair. Eighty years later, Linda Lewis — Young's daughter-in-law — claimed that before her death Young told her that she had been raped by Gable, and though the two had flirted on set, there had been no affair.[61]

Kay Williams
Kay Williams
and Clark Gable
Clark Gable
at premiere of A Star is Born (1954)

Young's pregnancy was hidden in an elaborate scheme, reported devised by Eddie Mannix. While nearing the end of her pregnancy, she took a vacation to Europe for several months. She then returned to the United States to give birth to their daughter in Venice, California. During Young's pregnancy, Gable had spent much time out of the country, but he was in New York City
New York City
when he received an unsigned telegram that said, "The baby was born, she is beautiful, and has blonde hair." Young and her mother both denied sending the telegram; Loretta believed that Carter Hermann (her sister Polly's husband, who was also Judy's godfather) had sent it.[62] Judy Lewis was Gable's only child born while he was alive. Nineteen months after the birth, Young claimed to have adopted Judy. The girl grew up resembling Gable very much, including having large ears that stuck out. She went by the name Judy Lewis after her mother married Tom Lewis when Judy was four years old. According to Lewis, Gable visited her home once, when she was 15, asked about her life, and kissed her on her forehead upon leaving. He did not tell her that he was her biological father. Neither Gable nor Young would ever publicly acknowledge the truth about their daughter, but most in Hollywood
Hollywood
and some in the general public believed Gable was her father, due, in part, to their strong resemblance and the timing of her birth.[61] When she was 31 years old and five years after the death of Clark Gable, Lewis finally confronted her mother about her true parentage. Loretta confirmed that she was her biological mother and Gable was her father. Young never publicly acknowledged the fact while she was alive, which she said would be admitting to a mortal sin. However, she finally gave her biographer permission to include the information on the condition that the book not be published until after her death. She died on August 12, 2000, at the age of 87 of ovarian cancer. Judy Lewis died at age 76 on November 25, 2011, also of cancer.[63] In 1955, Gable married twice divorced Kay Williams, and had a son, John Clark Gable, by her, on March 20, 1961, after his death. John Clark had two children: Kayley Gable (born 1986) and Clark James Gable (born September 20, 1988). Kayley is an actress, while Clark James is currently host of the nationally syndicated reality show Cheaters.[64] Style and reception[edit] In a photo essay of Hollywood
Hollywood
film stars, Life magazine called Gable, "All man... and then some." Doris Day
Doris Day
summed up Gable's unique personality: "He was as masculine as any man I've ever known, and as much a little boy as a grown man could be – it was this combination that had such a devastating effect on women."[65] Longtime friend, eight-time co-star and on-again, off-again romance Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
concurred, stating on David Frost's TV show in 1970 that "he was a king wherever he went. He walked like one, he behaved like one, and he was the most masculine man that I have ever met in my life."

Gable in 1938

Robert Taylor said Gable "was a great, great guy and certainly one of the great stars of all times, if not the greatest. I think that I sincerely doubt that there will ever be another like Clark Gable; he was one of a kind."[66] In his memoir Bring on the Empty Horses[67] David Niven
David Niven
states that Gable, a close friend, was extremely supportive after the sudden, accidental death of Niven's first wife, Primula (Primmie) in 1946. Primmie had supported Gable emotionally after Carole Lombard's death four years earlier: Niven recounts Gable kneeling at Primmie's feet and sobbing while she held and consoled him. Niven also states that Arthur Miller, the author of The Misfits, had described Gable as "the man who did not know how to hate." Gable has been criticized for altering critical aspects of a script when he felt that the script would not fit in with his image. Screenwriter Larry Gelbart, as quoted by James Garner
James Garner
[68] once stated that Gable, "...would not go down with the submarine [referring to Run Silent Run Deep (1958), where the movie ended differently from the book on which it was based], because Gable doesn't sink." Eli Wallach, in his autobiography,[69] also states that Wallach's most dramatic scene in The Misfits was cut from the movie after it had been filmed over several takes. This scene depicts Wallach's character (who secretly loves the character played by Marilyn
Marilyn
Monroe) being emotionally crushed when he visits her, hoping to propose to her, and instead sees her with Gable's character. Both Gable and Monroe are offscreen, and Wallach's heartbreak is indicated by his dropping the rose bouquet he had brought for her. Gable ordered the scene removed because he felt that his character would never steal a woman from another man. Wallach, however, refrains from criticizing Gable, noting that he was professional and considerate in his behavior. Filmography[edit] Main article: Clark Gable
Clark Gable
filmography Gable is known to have appeared as an extra in 13 films between 1924 and 1930. He then appeared in a total of 67 theatrically released motion pictures, as himself in 17 "short subject" films, and he narrated and appeared in a World War II
World War II
propaganda film entitled Combat America, produced by the United States
United States
Army Air Forces. In popular culture[edit]

With Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
and (in the background) Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
and Montgomery Clift in The Misfits (1961)

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
cartoons sometimes caricatured Gable. Examples include Have You Got Any Castles?
Have You Got Any Castles?
(in which his face appears seven times inside the novel The House of the Seven Gables), The Coo-Coo Nut Grove (in which his ears flap on their own), Hollywood
Hollywood
Steps Out (in which he follows an enigmatic woman), and Cats Don't Dance
Cats Don't Dance
in which he appears on a billboard promotion for Gone With The Wind. The 2003 album Give Up
Give Up
by electronic music group The Postal Service includes a song titled "Clark Gable". The song's narrator says he wants love like something in the movies, and includes the lyrics "I kissed you in a style Clark Gable
Clark Gable
would have admired, I thought it classic." In the film Broadway Melody of 1938, Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(aged 15) sings "You Made Me Love You" while looking at a composite picture of Gable. The opening lines are: "Dear Mr. Gable, I am writing this to you, and I hope that you will read it so you'll know, my heart beats like a hammer, and I stutter and I stammer, every time I see you at the picture show, I guess I'm just another fan of yours, and I thought I'd write and tell you so. You made me love you, I didn't want to do it, I didn't want to do it..." Bugs Bunny's nonchalant carrot-chewing standing position, as explained by Chuck Jones, Friz Freleng, and Bob Clampett, originated in a scene in the film It Happened One Night, in which Clark Gable's character leans against a fence, eating carrots rapidly and talking with his mouth full to Claudette Colbert's character. This scene was well known while the film was popular, and viewers at the time likely recognized Bugs Bunny's behavior as satire. Gable has been portrayed in films by James Brolin
James Brolin
in Gable and Lombard (1976), Larry Pennell
Larry Pennell
in Marilyn: The Untold Story (1980), Edward Winter in Moviola: The Scarlett O'Hara War (1980), Boyd Holister in Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1983), Gary Wayne in Malice in Wonderland (1985), Gene Daily in The Rocketeer (1991), Bruce Hughes and Shayne Greenman in Blonde (2001), and Charles Unwin in Lucy (2003). See also[edit]

Biography portal United States
United States
Air Force portal Film portal

List of actors with Academy Award nominations

Informational notes[edit]

^ Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
had started filming Something's Got to Give
Something's Got to Give
in 1962, but she died before the project was finished, and the film was abandoned.

References[edit]

^ "Clark Gable: King of Hollywood". The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 22, 2014.  ^ a b "America's Greatest Legends" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved July 29, 2009.  ^ "63 Clark Gable
Clark Gable
Movies Ranked Best to Worst with Box Office Grosses, Reviews and Awards". Cogerson Moviescore. Retrieved April 22, 2014.  ^ a b c d e f Spicer, Chrystopher (2002). Clark Gable: Biography, Filmography, Bibliography. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0-7864-1124-5.  ^ Van Neste, Dan (1999). " Clark Gable
Clark Gable
Reconstructed Birthhome: Fit For A King". Classic Images. Archived from the original on January 5, 2005. Retrieved April 3, 2008.  ^ a b c Harris, Warren G. (2002). Clark Gable: A Biography. New York: Harmony Books. ISBN 978-0-609-60495-3.  ^ ReelRundown: The Life and Many Loves of Clark Gable, online bio Clark Gable
Clark Gable
Retrieved November 3, 2016 ^ Pennsylvania Dutch
Pennsylvania Dutch
and their cookery: their history, art, accomplishments ... - Justus George Frederick. Google Books. 1935. Retrieved August 31, 2012.  ^ "1933: Clark Reaches His Goal!". Dear Mr. Gable. Retrieved August 31, 2012.  ^ Philip C. DiMare. Movies in American History: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1. p. 661. ISBN 9781598842968. Retrieved June 2, 2017.  ^ Clark Gable
Clark Gable
on Biography.com Accessed August 5, 2016 ^ a b c d e f Paul G. Roberts. Style Icons Vol 1 Golden Boys. ISBN 9781627760324. Retrieved June 2, 2017.  ^ Todd E. Creason. Famous American Freemasons, Volume 2. p. 92. ISBN 9780557070886. Retrieved June 2, 2017.  ^ Harris, p. 7. ^ a b Chrystopher J. Spicer. Clark Gable, in Pictures: Candid Images of the Actor’s Life. ISBN 9780786487141. Retrieved June 2, 2017.  ^ Jeff Dwyer. Ghost Hunter's Guide to Portland and the Oregon Coast. ISBN 9781455621170. Retrieved June 2, 2017.  ^ Harris, p. 24. ^ Brett L. Abrams. Hollywood
Hollywood
Bohemians: Transgressive Sexuality and the Selling of the Movieland Dream. ISBN 9780786482474. Retrieved June 2, 2017.  ^ Harris, p. 29. ^ Anthony Slide. Hollywood
Hollywood
Unknowns: A History of Extras, Bit Players, and Stand-Ins. ISBN 9781617034756. Retrieved June 2, 2017.  ^ Harris, p. 36. ^ Clark Gable
Clark Gable
– North American Theatre Online ^ Harris, p. 49. ^ Turner Classic Movies
Turner Classic Movies
(September 1, 2006). Leading Men: The 50 Most Unforgettable Actors of the Studio Era. Chronicle Books. ISBN 0-8118-5467-1.  ^ Harris, p. 80. ^ Harris, p. 82. ^ James Egan. 3000 Facts about Actors. ISBN 9781326701130. Retrieved June 2, 2017.  ^ Harris, p. 179. ^ Kotsabilas-Davis, James; Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(October 31, 1998). Myrna Loy: Being and Becoming. Primus, Donald & Fine, Inc. p. 94. ISBN 1-55611-101-0.  ^ Griffin, Merv. From Where I Sit, Arbor House (1982) p. 141 ^ Gable's Oscar recently drew a top bid of $607,500 from Steven Spielberg, who promptly donated the statuette to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. (Colbert's Oscar for the same film was offered for auction by Christie's
Christie's
on June 9, 1997, but no bids were made for it.) ^ Harris, p. 164. ^ Although legend persists that the Hays Office fined Selznick $5,000 for using the word "damn". In fact, the Motion Picture Association board passed an amendment to the Production Code
Production Code
on November 1, 1939, that forbade use of the words "hell" or "damn" except when their use "shall be essential and required for portrayal, in proper historical context, of any scene or dialogue based upon historical fact or folklore ... or a quotation from a literary work, provided that no such use shall be permitted which is intrinsically objectionable or offends good taste." With that amendment, the Production Code Administration had no further objection to Rhett's closing line. Leonard J. Leff and Jerold L. Simmons, The Dame in the Kimono: Hollywood, Censorship, and the Production Code, pp. 107–08. ^ Selznick, David O. (2000). Memo from David O. Selznick. New York: Modern Library. pp. 172–3. ISBN 0-375-75531-4.  ^ Donnelley, Paul (June 1, 2003). Fade To Black: A Book Of Movie Obituaries. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-9512-5.  ^ Harris, p. 189. ^ Stallings, Penny; Mandelbaum, Howard (1981). Flesh and Fantasy. New York: Bell Publishing Co. ISBN 0-517-33968-4.  ^ Philip C. DiMare. Movies in American History: An Encyclopedia. ISBN 9781598842975. Retrieved June 2, 2017.  ^ Breznican, Anthony (November 14, 2004). "Legends swirl around `Gone With the Wind' 65 years later". Deseret Morning News. Associated Press. Retrieved April 3, 2008. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ Harris, p. 182. ^ Harris, pp. 200-201. ^ Harris, pp. 250–51. ^ Williams, Esther; Diehl, Digby (1999). The Million Dollar Mermaid. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-85284-5.  ^ Associated Press, "Gable Tested For Air Corps", The Spokesman-Review, Spokane, Washington, Saturday 20 June 1942, Volume 60, Number 37, page 5. ^ a b c d Argoratus, Steven. " Clark Gable
Clark Gable
in the 8th Air Force". Air Power History, Spring 1999. Centenniel Tribute to Clark Gable. Archived from the original on August 6, 2009. Retrieved August 12, 2008.  ^ Harris, p. 268. ^ Tierney and Herskowitz (1978) Wyden Books, Self-Portrait pp. 150–1 ^ Harris, p. 351. ^ Harris, p. 361. ^ " Clark Gable
Clark Gable
Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved 2016-08-23.  ^ " Clark Gable
Clark Gable
- Hollywood
Hollywood
Star Walk - Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times". projects.latimes.com. Retrieved 2016-08-23.  ^ a b Miller, Arthur (1987). Timebends. New York: Grove Press. p. 485. ISBN 0-8021-0015-5.  ^ Hirschfeld, Al. "The Misfits, On the Set". The Misfits, On the Set. Margo Feiden Galleries Ltd. Retrieved May 17, 2013.  ^ Glynis McCants. Love by the Numbers: How to Find Great Love Or Reignite the Love You Have Through the Power of Numerology. ISBN 9781402244636. Retrieved June 2, 2017.  ^ Jack Scagnetti (1976). The Life and Loves of Gable. J. David Publishers. p. 156. ISBN 9780824602055.  ^ The Milwaukee Journal, November 7, 1960, p. 20. ^ Ocala Star-Banner, November 18, 1960, p. 1. ^ Ocala Star-Banner, November 18, 1960, p. 4. ^ Harris, pp. 378–79. ^ Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
Rare Footage (2010-05-05), Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
- @ Clark Gable son christening FOOTAGE 1961, retrieved 2018-01-17  ^ a b Petersen, Anne Helen (July 12, 2015). " Clark Gable
Clark Gable
Accused Of Raping Co-Star". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 2015-09-30.  ^ Anderson, Joan Webster (2001). Forever Young. p. 89.  ^ Woo, Elaine (2011-12-01). " Judy Lewis dies at 76; daughter of stars Loretta Young
Loretta Young
and Clark Gable". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2018-01-17.  ^ " Clark Gable
Clark Gable
Biography". Cheaters. September 20, 1988. Retrieved August 31, 2012.  ^ Harris, p. 352. ^ UPI, Year In Review "1960 Year In Review: Casey Stengel retires, Clark Gable
Clark Gable
Dies". Retrieved May 19, 2009.  ^ David Niven. Bring on the Empty Horses (1975). Putnam Books. ISBN 978-0-399-11542-4 ^ James Garner
James Garner
and Jon Winokur. The Garner Files. Simon and Schuster, 2011. ^ Eli Wallach. The Good, the Bad, and Me: In My Anecdotage. Mariner Books, 2006. ISBN 978-0-15-603169-1.

Bibliography[edit]

Essoe, Gabe (1970). The Films of Clark Gable. Secaucus: The Cidadel Press. ISBN 978-0-8065-0011-9.  Harris, Warren G. (2002). Clark Gable: A Biography. New York: Harmony Books. ISBN 978-0-609-60495-3.  Lewis, Judy (1994). Uncommon Knowledge. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-70019-5.  Samuels, Charles (1962). The King: A Biography of Clark Gable. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons.  Spicer, Chrystopher J. (2002). Clark Gable: Biography, Filmography, Bibliography. Jefferson: McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0-7864-1124-5.  Tornabene, Lyn (1976). Long Live The King: A Biography of Clark Gable. New York: Putnam. ISBN 978-0-399-11863-0. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clark Gable.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Clark Gable

Clark Gable
Clark Gable
on IMDb Clark Gable
Clark Gable
at the TCM Movie Database Clark Gable
Clark Gable
at AllMovie Clark Gable
Clark Gable
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Clark Gable
Clark Gable
at Virtual History Combat America
Combat America
at the Internet Archive: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4 Centennial Tribute to Clark Gable Clark Gable
Clark Gable
(Aveleyman)

v t e

Academy Award for Best Actor

1928–1950

Emil Jannings
Emil Jannings
(1928) Warner Baxter
Warner Baxter
(1929) George Arliss
George Arliss
(1930) Lionel Barrymore
Lionel Barrymore
(1931) Fredric March
Fredric March
/ Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
(1932) Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
(1933) Clark Gable
Clark Gable
(1934) Victor McLaglen
Victor McLaglen
(1935) Paul Muni
Paul Muni
(1936) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1937) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1938) Robert Donat
Robert Donat
(1939) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1940) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1941) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1942) Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
(1943) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1944) Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1945) Fredric March
Fredric March
(1946) Ronald Colman
Ronald Colman
(1947) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1948) Broderick Crawford
Broderick Crawford
(1949) José Ferrer
José Ferrer
(1950)

1951–1975

Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
(1951) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1952) William Holden
William Holden
(1953) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1954) Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
(1955) Yul Brynner
Yul Brynner
(1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1957) David Niven
David Niven
(1958) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1959) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1960) Maximilian Schell
Maximilian Schell
(1961) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1962) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1963) Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
(1964) Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
(1965) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1966) Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
(1967) Cliff Robertson
Cliff Robertson
(1968) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1969) George C. Scott1 (1970) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1971) Marlon Brando1 (1972) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1973) Art Carney
Art Carney
(1974) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1975)

1976–2000

Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1976) Richard Dreyfuss
Richard Dreyfuss
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1978) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1979) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1980) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
(1983) F. Murray Abraham
F. Murray Abraham
(1984) William Hurt
William Hurt
(1985) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1986) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1987) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1988) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(1989) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1990) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1991) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1992) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1993) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1994) Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
(1995) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(1996) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1997) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(1998) Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(1999) Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
(2000)

2001–present

Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2001) Adrien Brody
Adrien Brody
(2002) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2003) Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
(2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2009) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2010) Jean Dujardin
Jean Dujardin
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) Matthew McConaughey
Matthew McConaughey
(2013) Eddie Redmayne
Eddie Redmayne
(2014) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
(2017)

1 refused award that year

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 32004876 LCCN: n50015429 ISNI: 0000 0001 1023 6672 GND: 118800124 SUDOC: 027574741 BNF: cb11958565s (data) BIBSYS: 90816377 MusicBrainz: c30d11c2-d5ac-4d57-8602-75070894f15c NLA: 36042678 NDL: 00620699 NKC: ola2003175099 BNE: XX1071088 SN

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