HOME
The Info List - Chrysler


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

FCA US LLC (also called FIAT CHRYSLER or CHRYSLER) (/ˈkraɪslər/ ) is the American subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. , an Italian controlled automobile manufacturer registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in London
London
, U.K., for tax purposes. FCA US is one of the "Big Three " American automobile manufacturers. FCA US has its headquarters in Auburn Hills, Michigan and sells vehicles worldwide under its flagship Chrysler
Chrysler
brand, as well as the Dodge
Dodge
, Jeep
Jeep
, and Ram Trucks . Other major divisions include Mopar , its automotive parts and accessories division, and SRT , its performance automobile division.

Walter Chrysler founded CHRYSLER CORPORATION in 1925 from the remains of the Maxwell Motor Company . He expanded the company in 1928 with the acquisition of Fargo Trucks and Dodge
Dodge
Brothers , and the creation of the Plymouth and DeSoto brands. Chrysler
Chrysler
used the General Motors brand diversification and hierarchy strategy he had seen working for Buick
Buick
.

Facing postwar declines in market share, productivity, and profitability, as GM and Ford were growing, Chrysler
Chrysler
borrowed $250 million in 1954 from Prudential to pay for expansion and updated car designs.

In the 1960s the company expanded into Europe, by taking control of French, British and Spanish auto companies; Chrysler Europe was sold in 1978 to PSA Peugeot
Peugeot
Citroën for $1.

Chrysler
Chrysler
struggled through the 1970s to adapt to changing markets, increased US import competition, and safety and environmental regulation . The company began an engineering partnership with Mitsubishi Motors , and began selling Mitsubishi vehicles branded as Dodge
Dodge
and Plymouth in North America. By the late 1970s, Chrysler
Chrysler
was on the verge of bankruptcy. It was saved by $1.5 billion in loan guarantees from the US government. New CEO Lee Iacocca was credited with returning the company to profitability in the 1980s. In 1985, Diamond-Star Motors was created, further expanding the Chrysler-Mitsubishi relationship.

In 1987, Chrysler
Chrysler
acquired American Motors Corporation (AMC), which brought the profitable Jeep
Jeep
brand under the Chrysler
Chrysler
umbrella.

In 1998, Chrysler
Chrysler
merged with German automaker Daimler-Benz AG to form DaimlerChrysler; the merger proved contentious with investors. As a result, Chrysler
Chrysler
was sold to Cerberus Capital Management and renamed Chrysler
Chrysler
LLC in 2007.

Like the other Big Three automobile manufacturers, Chrysler
Chrysler
was hit hard by the automotive industry crisis of 2008–2010 . The company remained in business through a combination of negotiations with creditors, filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization on April 30, 2009, and participating in a bailout from the U.S. government through the Troubled Asset
Asset
Relief Program . On June 10, 2009, Chrysler emerged from the bankruptcy proceedings with the United Auto Workers pension fund, Fiat S.p.A. , and the U.S. and Canadian governments as principal owners. The bankruptcy resulted in Chrysler
Chrysler
defaulting on over $4 billion in debts. By May 24, 2011, Chrysler
Chrysler
finished repaying its obligations to the U.S. government five years early, although the cost to the American taxpayer was $1.3 billion. Over the next few years, Fiat gradually acquired the other parties' shares while removing much of the weight of the loans (which carried a 21% interest rate) in a short period. On January 1, 2014, Fiat S.p.A announced a deal to purchase the rest of Chrysler
Chrysler
from the United Auto Workers retiree health trust. The deal was completed on January 21, 2014, making Chrysler
Chrysler
Group a subsidiary of Fiat S.p.A. In May 2014, Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
Automobiles, NV was established by merging Fiat S.p.A. into the company. This was completed in August 2014. Chrysler
Chrysler
Group LLC remained a subsidiary until December 15, 2014, when it was renamed FCA US LLC, to reflect the Fiat- Chrysler
Chrysler
merger.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Corporate governance

* 2.1 Board of directors * 2.2 Management team

* 3 Sales and marketing

* 3.1 United States sales * 3.2 Global sales

* 3.3 Marketing

* 3.3.1 Lifetime powertrain warranty * 3.3.2 "Let\'s Refuel America" * 3.3.3 Lancia
Lancia
co-branding * 3.3.4 Ram trucks * 3.3.5 "Imported From Detroit" * 3.3.6 "Half Time in America" * 3.3.7 Slogans

* 4 Product line

* 4.1 Mopar * 4.2 Fiat * 4.3 Chrysler
Chrysler
Uconnect * 4.4 Reception

* 5 Environmental Initiatives

* 6 Special
Special
programs

* 6.1 Radar antennas * 6.2 Aircraft * 6.3 Missiles * 6.4 Space boosters

* 7 Discontinued brands

* 8 See also

* 8.1 Countries

* 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links

HISTORY

Main article: History of Chrysler

The Chrysler
Chrysler
company was founded by Walter Chrysler (1875–1940) on June 6, 1925, when the Maxwell Motor Company (est. 1904) was re-organized into the Chrysler
Chrysler
Corporation.

Walter Chrysler had arrived at the ailing Maxwell-Chalmers company in the early 1920s. He was hired to overhaul the company's troubled operations (after a similar rescue job at the Willys
Willys
-Overland car company). In late 1923 production of the Chalmers automobile was ended.

In January 1924, Walter Chrysler launched the well-received Chrysler automobile. The Chrysler
Chrysler
was a 6-cylinder automobile, designed to provide customers with an advanced, well-engineered car, but at a more affordable price than they might expect. (Elements of this car are traceable to a prototype which had been under development at Willys during Chrysler's tenure The original 1924 Chrysler
Chrysler
included a carburetor air filter, high compression engine, full pressure lubrication, and an oil filter, features absent from most autos at the time. Among the innovations in its early years were the first practical mass-produced four-wheel hydraulic brakes, a system nearly completely engineered by Chrysler
Chrysler
with patents assigned to Lockheed , and rubber engine mounts to reduce vibration. Chrysler
Chrysler
also developed a wheel with a ridged rim, designed to keep a deflated tire from flying off the wheel. This wheel was eventually adopted by the auto industry worldwide.

Following the introduction of the Chrysler, the Maxwell brand was dropped after the 1925 model year. The new, lower-priced four-cylinder Chryslers introduced for the 1926 year were badge-engineered Maxwells. The advanced engineering and testing that went into Chrysler Corporation cars helped to push the company to the second-place position in U.S. sales by 1936, a position it would last hold in 1949.

In 1928, the Chrysler
Chrysler
Corporation began dividing its vehicle offerings by price class and function. The Plymouth brand was introduced at the low-priced end of the market (created essentially by once again reworking and rebadging Chrysler's four-cylinder model). At the same time, the DeSoto brand was introduced in the medium-price field. Also in 1928, Chrysler
Chrysler
bought the Dodge
Dodge
Brothers automobile and truck company and continued the successful Dodge
Dodge
line of automobiles and Fargo range of trucks. By the mid-1930s, the DeSoto and Dodge
Dodge
divisions would trade places in the corporate hierarchy. 1955 Imperial car model shown on display at January 1955 Chicago Auto Show

The Imperial name had been used since 1926, but was never a separate make, just the top-of-the-line Chrysler. In 1955, the company decided to spin it off as its own make and division to better compete with its rivals, Lincoln and Cadillac. 1955 Chrysler
Chrysler
- Philco all transistor car radio - "Breaking News" radio broadcast announcement

On April 28, 1955, Chrysler
Chrysler
and Philco had announced the development and production of the World's First All-Transistor car radio. The all-transistor car radio Mopar model 914HR, was developed and produced by Chrysler
Chrysler
and Philco, and was an $150.00 "option" on the 1956 Imperial car models. Philco was the company who had manufactured the all-transistor car radio Mopar model 914HR, starting in the fall of 1955 at its Sandusky Ohio plant, for the Chrysler
Chrysler
corporation.

On September 28, 1957, Chrysler
Chrysler
had announced the first production electronic fuel injection (EFI), as an option on some of its new 1958 car models ( Chrysler
Chrysler
300D, Dodge
Dodge
D500, DeSoto Adventurer, Plymouth Fury). The first attempt to use this system was by American Motors on the 1957 Rambler Rebel . Bendix Corporation
Bendix Corporation
's Electrojector used a transistor computer brain modulator box, but teething problems on pre-production cars meant very few cars were made. The EFI system in the Rambler ran fine in warm weather, but suffered hard starting in cooler temperatures and AMC decided not to use this EFI system, on its 1957 Rambler Rebel production cars that were sold to the public. Chrysler
Chrysler
also used the Bendix "Electrojector" fuel injection system and only around 35 vehicles were built with this option, on its 1958 production built car models. Owners of EFI Chryslers were so dissatisfied that all but one were retrofitted with carburetors (while that one has been completely restored, with original EFI electronic problems resolved).

Imperial would see new body styles introduced every two to three years, all with V8 engines and automatic transmissions, as well as technologies that would filter down to Chrysler
Chrysler
corporation's other models. Imperial was folded back into the Chrysler
Chrysler
brand in 1971.

The Valiant was also introduced for 1960 as a distinct brand. In the U.S. market, Valiant was made a model in the Plymouth line for 1961 and the DeSoto make was discontinued during 1961. With those exceptions per applicable year and market, Chrysler's range from lowest to highest price from the 1940s through the 1970s was Valiant, Plymouth, Dodge, DeSoto, Chrysler, and Imperial.

From 1963 through 1969, Chrysler
Chrysler
increased its existing stakes to take full control of the French Simca , British Rootes and Spanish Barreiros companies, merging them into Chrysler Europe in 1967. In the 1970s, an engineering partnership was established with Mitsubishi Motors , and began selling Mitsubishi vehicles branded as Dodge
Dodge
and Plymouth in North America.

Chrysler
Chrysler
struggled to adapt to the changing environment of the 1970s. When consumer tastes shifted to smaller cars in the early 1970s, particularly after the 1973 oil crisis , Chrysler
Chrysler
could not meet the demand. Additional burdens came from increased US import competition, and tougher government regulation of car safety, fuel economy, and emissions. As the smallest of the Big 3 US automakers, Chrysler
Chrysler
lacked the financial resources to meet all of these challenges. In 1978, Lee Iacocca was brought in to turn the company around, and in 1979 Iacocca sought US government help. Congress later passed the Loan Guarantee Act providing $1.5 billion in loan guarantees. The Loan Guarantee Act required that Chrysler
Chrysler
also obtain $2 billion in concessions or aid from sources outside the federal government, which included interest rate reductions for $650 million of the savings, asset sales of $300 million, local and state tax concessions of $250 million, and wage reductions of about $590 million along with a $50 million stock offering. $180 million was to come from concessions from dealers and suppliers.

After a period of plant closures and salary cuts agreed to by both management and the auto unions, the loans were repaid with interest in 1983. In November 1983 the Dodge
Dodge
Caravan/Plymouth Voyager was introduced, leading the establishment of the minivan as a major category, and initiating Chrysler's return to stability.

In 1985, Diamond-Star Motors was created, further expanding the Chrysler-Mitsubishi relationship. In 1987, Chrysler
Chrysler
acquired American Motors Corporation (AMC), which brought the profitable Jeep
Jeep
brand under the Chrysler
Chrysler
umbrella. In 1987 Chrysler
Chrysler
purchased American Motors from Renault
Renault

In 1985, Chrysler
Chrysler
entered an agreement with American Motors Corporation (AMC) to produce Chrysler M platform rear-drive, as well as Dodge
Dodge
Omnis front wheel drive cars, in AMC's Kenosha, Wisconsin plant. In 1987, Chrysler
Chrysler
acquired the 47% ownership of AMC that was held by Renault
Renault
. The remaining outstanding shares of AMC were purchased on the NYSE by August 5, 1987, making the deal valued somewhere between US$1.7 billion and US$2 billion, depending on how costs were counted. Chrysler
Chrysler
CEO Lee Iacocca wanted the Jeep
Jeep
brand, particularly the Jeep
Jeep
Grand Cherokee (ZJ) that was under development, the world-class, brand-new manufacturing plant in Bramalea, Ontario , as well as AMC's engineering and management talent that became critical for Chrysler's future success. Chrysler
Chrysler
established the Jeep/Eagle division as a "specialty" arm to market products distinctly different from the K-car-based products with the Eagle cars targeting import buyers. Former AMC dealers sold Jeep
Jeep
vehicles and various new Eagle models, as well as Chrysler
Chrysler
products, strengthening the automaker's retail distribution system.

Eurostar , a joint venture between Chrysler
Chrysler
and Steyr-Daimler-Puch , began producing the Chrysler Voyager in Austria for European markets in 1992.

In 1998, Chrysler
Chrysler
and its subsidiaries entered into a partnership dubbed a "merger of equals" with German-based Daimler-Benz AG, creating the combined entity DaimlerChrysler AG . To the surprise of many stockholders, Daimler subsequently acquired Chrysler
Chrysler
in a stock swap, before the retirement of Chrysler
Chrysler
CEO Bob Eaton. His lack of planning for Chrysler
Chrysler
in the 1990s, to become their own global automotive company, is widely accepted as the reason why the merger was needed. Under DaimlerChrysler, the company was named Daimler Chrysler
Chrysler
Motors Company LLC, with its U.S. operations generally called "DCX". The Eagle brand was retired shortly after Chrysler's merger with Daimler-Benz in 1998 Jeep
Jeep
became a stand-alone division, and efforts were made to merge the Chrysler
Chrysler
and Jeep
Jeep
brands as one sales unit. In 2001, the Plymouth brand was also discontinued.

Eurostar also built the Chrysler PT Cruiser in 2001 and 2002. The Austrian venture was sold to Magna International in 2002 and became Magna Steyr . The Voyager continued in production until 2007, whereas the Chrysler 300C , Jeep
Jeep
Grand Cherokee and Jeep
Jeep
Commander were also built at the plant from 2005 to 2010.

On May 14, 2007, Daimler Chrysler
Chrysler
announced the sale of 80.1% of Chrysler
Chrysler
Group to American private equity firm Cerberus Capital Management , L.P., thereafter known as Chrysler
Chrysler
LLC, although Daimler (renamed as Daimler AG ) continued to hold a 19.9% stake. The economic collapse of 2007 - 2009 pushed an already fragile company to the brink. On April 30, 2009, the automaker filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection to be able to operate as a going concern, while renegotiating its debt structure and other obligations, which resulted in the corporation defaulting on over $4 billion in secured debts. The U.S. government described the company's action as a "prepackaged surgical bankruptcy."

The sale of substantially all of Chrysler's assets to "New Chrysler", organized as Chrysler
Chrysler
Group LLC was completed on June 10, 2009. The federal government provided support for the deal with US$8 billion in financing at near 21%. Under Sergio Marchionne , "World Class Manufacturing" or WCM, a system of complete and thorough manufacturing quality, was introduced and several products re-launched with quality and luxury. The 2010 Jeep
Jeep
Grand Cherokee very soon became the most awarded SUV - Ever. The Ram, Jeep, Dodge, SRT and Chrysler
Chrysler
divisions were separated to focus on their own identity and brand and 11 major model refreshes occurred in 21 months. The PT Cruiser, Nitro, Liberty and Caliber models (created during DCX) were discontinued. On May 24, 2011, Chrysler
Chrysler
repaid its $7.6 billion loans to the United States and Canadian governments. The US Treasury, through the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), invested $12.5 billion in Chrysler
Chrysler
and recovered $11.2 billion when the company shares were sold in May 2011, resulting in a $1.3 billion loss. On July 21, 2011, Fiat bought the Chrysler
Chrysler
shares held by the United States Treasury. With the purchase, Chrysler
Chrysler
once again became foreign owned; however, this time Chrysler
Chrysler
was the luxury division. The Chrysler 300 was badged Lancia Thema in some European markets (with additional engine options), giving Lancia
Lancia
a much needed replacement for its flagship.

On January 1, 2014, Fiat announced it would be acquiring the remaining shares of Chrysler
Chrysler
owned by the VEBA worth $3.65 billion. The deal was completed on January 21, 2014. Several days later, the intended reorganization of Fiat and Chrysler
Chrysler
under a new holding company, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles , together with a new FCA logo were announced. The most challenging launch for this new company came immediately in January 2014 with a completely redesigned Chrysler
Chrysler
200 . The vehicle's creation is from the completely integrated company, FCA, executing from a global compact-wide platform.

On 16 December 2014, Chrysler
Chrysler
Group LLC announced a name change to FCA US LLC.

On Thursday, 12 January 2017, FCA US LLC shares plunged after the EPA accused it of using emissions cheating software to evade diesel-emissions tests, however the company countered the accusations, with the chairman and CEO, Sergio Marchionne , sternly rejecting the allegations. The following day, shares rose as investors played down the effect of the accusations. Analysts gave estimates of potential fines from several hundred million dollars to $4 billion, although the likelihood of a hefty fine was low. Senior United States Senator Bill Nelson urged the FTC to look into possible deceptive marketing of the company's diesel-powered SUVs. Shares dropped 2.2 percent after the announcement.

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

Chrysler House landmark executive offices in the Detroit Financial District

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

* Stephen Wolf * Leo W. Houle * Erickson N. Perkins * Ruth J. Simmons * Alfredo Altavilla * Sergio Marchionne , Chairman
Chairman
and Chief Executive Officer * Ronald L. Thompson * Douglas Steenland * John Lanaway

MANAGEMENT TEAM

* Mark Chernoby, Senior Vice President of Quality * Reid Bigland, Ram brand CEO, U.S. sales chief & President and CEO Chrysler Canada * Saad Chehab, President and CEO - Chrysler
Chrysler
brand * Mark M. Chernoby, Senior Vice President of Product Development * Olivier Francois, Chief Marketing Officer, Chrysler
Chrysler
Group and Fiat Group Automobiles, Head of Fiat Brand * Scott R. Garberding, Senior Vice President of Manufacturing * Ralph Gilles , SRT brand CEO and President of Design * Pietro Gorlier, Mopar brand CEO and President of Service, Parts and Customer Care * Bill Cousins * Mircea Gradu, Head of Transmission Powertrain and Driveline Engineering (departing) * Peter M. Grady, Vice President of Network Development and Fleet * Michael J. Keegan, Senior Vice President of Supply Chain Management * Timothy Kuniskis, President and CEO of Dodge
Dodge
brand * Scott G. Kunselman * Jody Trapasso * Jason Stoicevich * Robert (Bob) Lee, Head of Engine, Powertrain and Electrified Propulsion Systems Engineering * Robert E. Lee * Holly E. Leese * Laurie A. Macaddino * Michael Manley, President and CEO Jeep
Jeep
brand and COO APAC (Asia Pacific Region) * Richard Palmer, Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer * Barbara J. Pilarski * Nancy A. Rae, Senior Vice President of Human Resources * Gualberto Ranieri * Scott A. Sandschafer * Joseph Trapasso * Joseph Veltri * Daniel W. Devine, Vice President, Office of Tax Affairs

SALES AND MARKETING

UNITED STATES SALES

Chrysler
Chrysler
is the smallest of the "Big Three" U.S. automakers (Chrysler Group LLC, Ford Motor Company , and General Motors
General Motors
). In 2013 Chrysler sold 1,800,368 vehicles, 9% up from 2012, and fourth largest in sales behind GM, Ford and Toyota.

Chrysler's sales have fluctuated dramatically over the last decade. In 2007 sales reached 2,076,650, falling to 931,402 units in 2009, the company's worst result in decades.

It is reported that Chrysler
Chrysler
was heavy on fleet sales in 2010, hitting as high as 56 percent of total sales in February of that year. For the whole year, 38 percent of sales of Chrysler
Chrysler
were to fleet customers. The industry average was 19 percent. However, the company hopes to reduce its fleet sales to the industry average in 2011 with a renewed product lineup.

GLOBAL SALES

Chrysler
Chrysler
is the world's 11th largest vehicle manufacturer as ranked by OICA in 2012. Total Chrysler
Chrysler
vehicle production was about 2.37 million that year, up from 1.58 million in 2010.

MARKETING

Lifetime Powertrain Warranty

In 2007, Chrysler
Chrysler
began to offer vehicle lifetime powertrain warranty for the first registered owner or retail lessee. The deal covered owner or lessee in U.S., Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, for 2009 model year vehicles, and 2006, 2007 and 2008 model year vehicles purchased on or after July 26, 2007. Covered vehicles excluded SRT models, Diesel vehicles, Sprinter models, Ram Chassis Cab, Hybrid System components (including transmission), and certain fleet vehicles. The warranty is non-transferable. After Chrysler's restructuring, the warranty program was replaced by five-year/100,000 mile transferrable warranty for 2010 or later vehicles.

"Let\'s Refuel America"

In 2008, as a response to customer feedback citing the prospect of rising gas prices as a top concern, Chrysler
Chrysler
launched the "Let's Refuel America" incentive campaign, which guaranteed new-car buyers a gasoline price of $2.99 for three years. With the U.S. purchase of eligible Chrysler, Jeep
Jeep
and Dodge
Dodge
vehicles, customers could enroll in the program and receive a gas card that immediately lowers their gas price to $2.99 a gallon, and keeps it there for the three years.

Lancia
Lancia
Co-branding

Chrysler
Chrysler
plans for Lancia
Lancia
to codevelop products, with some vehicles being shared. Olivier Francois, Lancia's CEO, was appointed to the Chrysler
Chrysler
division in October 2009. Francois plans to reestablish the Chrysler
Chrysler
brand as an upscale brand.

Ram Trucks

In October 2009, Dodge's car and truck lines were separated, with the name "Dodge" being used for cars, minivans and crossovers and "Ram" for light- and medium-duty trucks and other commercial-use vehicles.

CALENDAR YEAR U.S. CHRYSLER SALES %CHG/YR.

1999 2,638,561

2000 2,522,695 4.4%

2001 2,273,208 9.9%

2002 2,205,446 3%

2003 2,127,451 3.5%

2004 2,206,024 3.7%

2005 2,304,833 4.5%

2006 2,142,505 7%

2007 2,076,650 3.1%

2008 1,453,122 30%

2009 931,402 36%

2010 1,085,211 17%

2011 1,369,114 26%

2012 1,651,787 21%

2013 1,800,368 9%

2014 2,090,639 16%

2015 2,243,907 7%

"Imported From Detroit"

In 2011, Chrysler
Chrysler
unveiled their "Imported From Detroit" campaign with ads featuring Detroit rapper Eminem
Eminem
, one of which aired during the Super Bowl. The campaign highlighted the rejuvenation of the entire product lineup, which included the new, redesigned and repackaged 2011 200 sedan and 200 convertible, the Chrysler 300 sedan and the Chrysler
Chrysler
Town & Country minivan. As part of the campaign, Chrysler
Chrysler
sold a line of clothing items featuring the Monument to Joe Louis , with proceeds being funneled to Detroit-area charities, including the Boys and Girls Clubs of Southeast Michigan, Habitat for Humanity Detroit and the Marshall Mathers Foundation. Following the Eminem
Eminem
ad, there was also an ad for Detroit Lions defensive tackle Ndamukong Suh driving a Chrysler 300 to Portland, Oregon, to visit his mother, an ad featuring Detroit-born fashion designer John Varvatos cruising through a shadowy Gotham while Kevin Yon's familiar baritone traces the designer's genesis.

In March 2011, Chrysler
Chrysler
Group LLC filed a lawsuit against Moda Group LLC (owner of Pure Detroit clothing retailer) for copying and selling merchandise with the "Imported from Detroit" slogan. Chrysler
Chrysler
claimed it had notified defendant of its pending trademark application February 14, but the defendant argued Chrysler
Chrysler
had not secured a trademark for the "Imported From Detroit" phrase. On June 18, 2011, U.S. District Judge Arthur Tarnow ruled that Chrysler's request did not show that it would suffer irreparable harm or that it had a strong likelihood of winning its case. Therefore, Pure Detroit's owner, Detroit retailer Moda Group LLC, can continue selling its "Imported from Detroit" products. Tarnow also noted that Chrysler
Chrysler
does not have a trademark on "Imported from Detroit" and rejected the automaker's argument that trademark law is not applicable to the case. In March 2012, Chrysler
Chrysler
Group LLC and Pure Detroit agreed to a March 27 mediation to try to settle the lawsuit over the clothing company's use of "Imported from Detroit" slogan. Pure Detroit stated that Chrysler has made false claims about the origins of three vehicles - Chrysler 200, Chrysler 300 and Chrysler
Chrysler
Town "> In 2012 Chrysler
Chrysler
and Pure Detroit came to an undisclosed settlement.

Chrysler's Jefferson North Assembly , which makes the Jeep
Jeep
Grand Cherokee and Dodge
Dodge
Durango, is the only car manufacturing plant of any company remaining entirely in Detroit ( General Motors
General Motors
operates a plant which is partly in Detroit and partly in Hamtramck).

In 2011, Eminem
Eminem
settled a lawsuit against Audi
Audi
alleging the defendant had ripped off the Chrysler 300 Super Bowl
Super Bowl
commercial in the Audi
Audi
A6 Avant ad.

"Half Time In America"

Again in 2012, Chrysler
Chrysler
advertised during the Super Bowl
Super Bowl
. Its two-minute February 5, 2012 Super Bowl
Super Bowl
XLVI advertisement was titled "Half Time in America". The ad drew criticism from several leading U.S. conservatives , who suggested that its messaging implied that President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
deserved a second term and, as such, was political payback for Obama's support for the federal bailout of the company. Asked about the criticism in a 60 Minutes interview with Steve Kroft , Sergio Marchionne responded "just to rectify the record I paid back the loans at 19.7% Interest. I don't think I committed to do to a commercial on top of that" and characterized the Republican reaction as "unnecessary and out of place". "America's Import"

In 2014, Chrysler
Chrysler
started using a new slogan, "America's Import" in ads introducing their all-new 2015 Chrysler
Chrysler
200, targeting foreign automakers from Germany to Japan with such ads (German performance and Japanese quality), and at the ending of selected ads, the advertisement will say, "We Built This", indicating being built in America, instead of overseas.

Slogans

* Engineered to the Power of Cars (1998–2001) * Drive = Love (2002–2004) * Inspiration comes standard (2004–2007) * Engineered Beautifully (2007-mid 2010) * Imported From Detroit (2011-2014) * America's Import (2014–present)

PRODUCT LINE

Ram 1500 , one of Chrysler's best selling vehicles

* CHRYSLER : Luxury sedans, convertibles, and minivans * DODGE : Passenger, performance cars, minivans, crossovers and SUVs * RAM : Trucks and commercial vehicles * JEEP : Off-road vehicles, SUVs and crossovers

MOPAR

* MOPAR : Replacement parts for Chrysler-built vehicles, as well as a brand for dealer service and customer service operations.

* MOPAR PERFORMANCE: a subdivision providing performance aftermarket parts for Chrysler-built vehicles.

FIAT

In 2010, Fiat Auto was planning to sell seven of its vehicles in the U.S. by 2014, while Fiat-controlled Chrysler
Chrysler
Group was to supply nine models to sell under Fiat brands in the European market, according to a five-year plan rolled out on April 21, 2010 in Turin , Italy, by Fiat and Chrysler
Chrysler
CEO Sergio Marchionne . At least five of the Fiat Auto models were expected to be marketed in the U.S. under its Alfa Romeo brand. Showing the level of integration envisioned, a product introduction timeline envisaged Chrysler-built compact and full-size SUVs going on sale in 2012 and 2014, respectively, in both European and North American markets.

CHRYSLER UCONNECT

First introduced as MyGig, CHRYSLER UCONNECT is a system that brings interactive ability to the in-car radio and telemetric-like controls to car settings. As of mid-2015, it is installed in hundreds of thousands of Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
vehicles. It connects to the Internet via the mobile network of Sprint , providing the car with its own IP address. Internet connectivity using any Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep
Jeep
or Ram vehicle, via a Wi-Fi "hot-spot", is also available via Uconnect Web . According to Chrysler
Chrysler
LLC, the hotspot range extends approximately 100 feet (30 m) from the vehicle in all directions, and combines both Wi-Fi and Sprint\'s 3G cellular connectivity. Uconnect is available on several current and was available on several discontinued Chrysler models including the current Dodge
Dodge
Dart, Chrysler 300 , Aspen , Sebring , Town and Country , Dodge
Dodge
Avenger , Caliber , Grand Caravan , Challenger , Charger , Journey , Nitro , and Ram .

In July 2015, IT security researchers announced a severe security flaw assumed to affect every Chrysler
Chrysler
vehicle with Uconnect produced from late 2013 to early 2015. It allows hackers to gain access to the car over the Internet, and in the case of a Jeep
Jeep
Cherokee was demonstrated to enable an attacker to take control not just of the radio, A/C, and windshield wipers, but also of the car's steering, brakes and transmission . Chrysler
Chrysler
published a patch that car owners can download and install via a USB stick, or have a car dealer install for them.

RECEPTION

Chrysler's quality and customer satisfaction ratings have been below average according to Consumer Reports and JD Powers since the late 1990s. Consumer Reports has consistently reported Chrysler
Chrysler
brands at the bottom of their reliability ratings in the past decade as well as their Automotive Brand Report Card. JDP has found similar results over the same time period in both Initial Quality Studies and Customer Service Indexes as has the American Customer Satisfaction Index survey. Chrysler
Chrysler
has had a few quality successes during this period. Strategic Vision named Chrysler
Chrysler
an overall winner in 2015 noting strong customer appeal and that with the rise in quality of all cars the difference between high and low "problem-counting" ratings are relatively small.

ENVIRONMENTAL INITIATIVES

Chrysler
Chrysler
produced an experimental electric vehicle in 1979, the company developed Chrysler ETV-1 electric prototype in cooperation with U.S. Department of Energy .

In 1992, Chrysler
Chrysler
developed the Dodge
Dodge
EPIC concept minivan. In 1993, Chrysler
Chrysler
began to sell a limited-production electric minivan called the TEVan ; however only 56 were produced. In 1997, a second generation, called the EPIC, was released. It was discontinued after 1999.

Chrysler
Chrysler
once owned the Global Electric Motorcars company, building low-speed neighborhood electric vehicles , but sold GEM to Polaris Industries in 2011.

In September 2007, Chrysler
Chrysler
established ENVI , an in-house organization focused on electric-drive vehicles and related technologies which was disbanded by late 2009. In August 2009, Chrysler
Chrysler
took US$70 million in grants from the U.S. Department of Energy to develop a test fleet of 220 hybrid pickup trucks and minivans.

The first hybrid models, the Chrysler Aspen hybrid and the Dodge Durango hybrid, were discontinued a few months after production in 2008, sharing their GM-designed hybrid technology with GM, Daimler and BMW.

Chrysler
Chrysler
is on the Advisory Council of the PHEV Research Center , and undertook a government sponsored demonstration project with Ram and minivan vehicles.

In 2012, FCA CEO Sergio Marchionne said that Chrysler
Chrysler
and Fiat both plan to focus primarily on alternative fuels, such as CNG and Diesel , instead of hybrid and electric drivetrains for their consumer products.

Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
bought 8.2 million megagrams of U.S. greenhouse gas emission credits from competitors including Toyota
Toyota
, Honda
Honda
, Tesla and Nissan
Nissan
.

SPECIAL PROGRAMS

During World War II, essentially all of Chrysler's facilities were devoted to building military vehicles (the Jeep
Jeep
brand came later, after Chrysler
Chrysler
acquired American Motors Corporation ). They were also designing V12 and V16 hemi-engines producing 2,500 hp (1,864 kW; 2,535 PS) for airplanes, but they did not make it into production as jets were developed and were seen as the future for air travel. During the 1950s Cold War period, Chrysler
Chrysler
made air raid sirens powered by its Hemi V-8 engines.

RADAR ANTENNAS

When the Radiation Laboratory at MIT was established in 1941 to develop microwave radars , one of the first projects resulted in the SCR-584 , the most widely recognized radar system of the war era. This system included a parabolic antenna six feet in diameter that was mechanically aimed in a helical pattern (round and round as well as up and down).

One of Chrysler's most significant contributions to the war effort was not in the field of vehicles but in the radar field. For the final production design of this antenna and its highly complex drive mechanism, the Army's Signal Corps Laboratories turned to Chrysler's Central Engineering Office. There, the parabola was changed from aluminum to steel, allowing production forming using standard automotive presses. To keep weight down, 6,000 equally spaced holes were drilled in the face (this had no effect on the radiation pattern). The drive mechanism was completely redesigned, using technology derived from Chrysler's research in automotive gears and differentials. The changes resulted in improved performance, reduced weight, and easier maintenance. A large portion of the Dodge
Dodge
plant was used in building 1,500 of the SCR-584 antennas as well as the vans used in the systems.

AIRCRAFT

* Chrysler VZ-6

MISSILES

In April 1950, the U.S. Army established the Ordnance Guided Missile Center (OGMC) at Redstone Arsenal , adjacent to Huntsville, Alabama . To form OGMC, over 1,000 civilian and military personnel were transferred from Fort Bliss, Texas . Included was a group of German scientists and engineers led by Wernher von Braun ; this group had been brought to America under Project Paperclip . OGMC designed the Army's first short-range ballistic missile , the PGM-11 Redstone , based on the WWII German V-2 missile. Chrysler
Chrysler
established the Missile Division to serve as the Redstone prime contractor, setting up an engineering operation in Huntsville and for production obtaining use from the U.S. Navy of a large plant in Sterling Heights, Michigan . The Redstone was in active service from 1958 to 1964; it was also the first missile to test-launch a live nuclear weapon , first detonated in a 1958 test in the South Pacific.

Working together, the Missile Division and von Braun's team greatly increased the capability of the Redstone, resulting in the PGM-19 Jupiter , a medium-range ballistic missile . In May 1959, a Jupiter missile launched two small monkeys into space in a nose cone ; this was America's first successful flight and recovery of live space payloads. Responsibility for deploying Jupiter missiles was transferred from the Army to the Air Force; armed with nuclear warheads , they were first deployed in Italy
Italy
and Turkey
Turkey
during the early 1960s.

SPACE BOOSTERS

In July 1959, NASA
NASA
chose the Redstone missile
Redstone missile
as the basis for the Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle to be used for suborbital test flights of the Project Mercury spacecraft. Three unmanned MRLV launch attempts were made between November 1960 and March 1961, two of which were successful. The MRLV successfully launched the chimpanzee Ham , and astronauts Alan Shepard and Gus Grissom on three suborbital flights in January, May and July 1961, respectively.

America's more ambitious manned space travel plans included the design of the Saturn series of heavy-lift launch vehicles by a team headed by Wernher von Braun . Chrysler's Huntsville operation, then designated the Space Division, became Marshall Space Flight Center 's prime contractor for the first stage of the Saturn I and Saturn IB versions. The design was based on a cluster of Redstone and Jupiter fuel tanks, and Chrysler
Chrysler
built it for the Apollo program
Apollo program
in the Michoud Assembly Facility in East New Orleans, one of the largest manufacturing plants in the world. Between October 1961 and July 1975, NASA
NASA
used ten Saturn Is and nine Saturn IBs for suborbital and orbital flights, all of which were successful; Chrysler
Chrysler
missiles and boosters never suffered a launch failure. The division was also a subcontractor which modified one of the Mobile Launcher Platforms for use with the Saturn IB rockets using Saturn V infrastructure.

DISCONTINUED BRANDS

* Chrysler Europe (sold to Peugeot
Peugeot
)

* Rootes Group

* Sunbeam (1901–1976) * Humber (1898–1976) * Singer (1905–1970) * Commer
Commer
(1905–1979) * Hillman
Hillman
(1907–1976) * Karrier (1908–1977)

* Simca (1934–1977) * Barreiros (1959–1978)

* American Motors (AMC) (1954–1988)

* Hudson (1909–1957) * Nash (1917–1957) * Rambler (1900–1914; 1950–1969)

* Maxwell (1904–1926) * Graham Brothers (1916–1929) * Fargo (1920–1972) * DeSoto (1928–1961) * Plymouth (1928–2001) * Imperial (1955–1975; 1981–1983)

* Valiant (1960–1976) The Valiant was introduced in 1960 as a separate Chrysler
Chrysler
brand, then was incorporated into the Plymouth line in the U.S. starting in 1961.

* Valiant (1962–1981) * Valiant (1960–1966) Chrysler
Chrysler
marketed the Valiant as a separate Chrysler
Chrysler
model in Canada
Canada
until 1967, when the Canada–United States Automotive Products Agreement of 1965 facilitated the sale of American-built Plymouth Valiants in Canada.

* Eagle (1988–1998) * GEMCAR (1998–2011) sold to Polaris Industries * SRT (2012–2014). Merged with Dodge
Dodge

SEE ALSO

* Metro Detroit portal * Companies portal * Cars portal

* American Motors Corporation * Carl Breer * Chrysler Building
Chrysler Building
* Chrysler Headquarters and Technology Center * Chrysler Hemi engine * Chrysler Proving Grounds * Frederick Morrell Zeder * History of Chrysler * Lee Iacocca * List of automobile manufacturers of the United States * List of Chrysler engines * List of Chrysler factories * List of Chrysler platforms * List of Chrysler vehicles * Mopar * Owen Ray Skelton
Owen Ray Skelton
* Seida * The Three Musketeers (Studebaker engineers)
The Three Musketeers (Studebaker engineers)
* Walter Chrysler * Walter P. Chrysler Museum

COUNTRIES

* Chrysler
Chrysler
Australia
Australia
* Chrysler
Chrysler
Fevre Argentina - sold to Volkswagen
Volkswagen
in 1980 * Chrysler Canada * Chrysler
Chrysler
Kamyon Turkey
Turkey
- sold to the ASKAM in 2003.

NOTES

1. Fiat is exercising their right to increase their share in the company, and have announced that they want to buy an additional ~6.6% of the shares from VEBA Trust, but VEBA disagrees with the price set by Fiat. The matter is currently the subject of proceedings at Delaware Chancery Court .

REFERENCES

* ^ "Management". Chrysler
Chrysler
Group LLC. Archived from the original on April 11, 2014. Retrieved April 4, 2014. * ^ A B C D E F G "2014 Annual Report". Securities and Exchange Commission. March 4, 2015. * ^ Meinero, Mark M. (January 1, 2014). "Fiat gains full control of Chrysler". money.cnn.com. Retrieved January 3, 2014. * ^ A B C "Fiat completes Chrysler
Chrysler
acquisition in $4.35 billion deal". Autonews.com. January 21, 2014. Retrieved April 1, 2014. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
Reviews and History". JB car pages. Retrieved September 22, 2008. * ^ Genat, Robert (2004). Mopar Muscle. Motorbooks. p. 18. ISBN 9780760320167 . Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ Jefferys, Steve (1986). "Management and Managed: Fifty Years of Crisis at Chrysler". Cambridge University Press. p. 107. ISBN 9780521304412 . Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ New York Times 1954 * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
Group LLC is now FCA US LLC". fcausllc.com. Retrieved 13 January 2015. * ^ Davis, Mike; Tell, David (1995). "Section II Automobiles: Picking Up Steam". The Technology Century: 100 years of The Engineering Society 1895–1995. Engineering Society of Detroit. p. 53. ISBN 978-1-56378-022-6 . * ^ Lockwood, Cliff (October 18, 1968). "Early Chrysler
Chrysler
Corporate History: 1903–1928". Chrysler
Chrysler
Club pages. Retrieved April 30, 2012. * ^ "A Brief Look at Walter P. Chrysler". WPC News. Retrieved April 30, 2012. * ^ Malis, Carol (1999). Michigan: celebrating a century of success. Cherbo Publishing Group. p. 76. ISBN 978-1-882933-23-5 . * ^ A B Kimes, Beverly Rae; Clark, Henry A., Jr. "Chalmers-Detroit/Chalmers". Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1942 (second edition). Krause Publications. p. 257. ISBN 0-87341-111-0 . Retrieved 5 June 2017. * ^ Kimes, Beverly Rae; Clark, Jr., Henry A. (1996). "Chrysler". Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1942 (3 ed.). Krause Publications. p. 306. ISBN 0-87341-428-4 . Retrieved 5 June 2017. * ^ Zatz, David. " Chrysler
Chrysler
Technological Innovations". allpar. Retrieved April 30, 2012. * ^ Yost, Mark (January 31, 2012). "A Nation of Drivers". The Wall Street Journal. p. D5. Retrieved April 30, 2012. * ^ A B Kimes, Beverly Rae; Clark, Jr., Henry A. "Plymouth". Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1942 (third edition). Krause Publications. p. 1198. ISBN 0-87341-428-4 . Retrieved 5 June 2017. * ^ " Dodge
Dodge
Car History, Car Data, Information, Pictures". Timeless Rides. Archived from the original on April 8, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
Promises Car Radio With Transistors Instead of Tubes in '56". The Wall Street Journal. April 28, 1955. p. 1. * ^ Hirsh, Rick. "Philco\'s All-Transistor Mopar Car Radio". Allpar.com. Retrieved January 2, 2014. * ^ " Mopar 914-HR Ch= C-5690HR Car Radio Philco, Philadelphia" (in German). Radiomuseum.org. Retrieved January 2, 2014. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
Heritage 1950-1959". Chrysler
Chrysler
Group LLC. Archived from the original on January 2, 2014. Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ Walton, Harry (March 1957). "How Good is Fuel Injection?". Popular Science. 170 (3): 88–93. Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ A B Auto Editors of Consumer Guide (September 22, 2007). "Rambler Measures Up". Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ Aird, Forbes (2001). Bosch fuel injection systems. HP Trade. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-55788-365-0 . * ^ "New Chrysler
Chrysler
Fuel System Is Introduced". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 29, 1957. p. A9. * ^ A B Mattar, George. "1958 DeSoto Electrojector - World\'s First Electronic Fuel Injection?". Allpar.com. Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
Brands, Subsidiaries, and Related Companies". Allpar. Retrieved April 28, 2012. * ^ Government gives Chrysler
Chrysler
$1.5 billion loan, A+E Networks, May 10, 1980, retrieved July 23, 2016 * ^ A B Hyde, Charles K. (2003), Riding the Roller Coaster: History of the Chrysler
Chrysler
Corporation, Detroit: Wayne State University Press, pp. 207–232, ISBN 0-8143-3091-6 * ^ "Chrysler", Encyclopædia Britannica , 2016 * ^ Statham, Steve (2002). Jeep
Jeep
Color History. MBI Publishing. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-7603-0636-9 . Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ "DaimlerChrysler: The \'What Ifs?\'". Ward's AutoWorld. June 1, 1998. Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ Minick, Dan. "A Brief History of Eagle". allpar.com. Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
History". JB car pages. Retrieved September 22, 2008.

* ^ "Company News; Daimler-Benz and Chrysler
Chrysler
Revise Ratio for Stock Swap". The New York Times. June 9, 1998. Retrieved March 6, 2014. * ^ Fitzgerald, Jacqueline (30 September 1997). "Chrysler Discontinues Eagle Brand". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 1, 2014. * ^ Brown, Harold (1995). "Franchise Dilemmas for Automobile Dealers". Oklahoma City University Law Review. 20. * ^ "Cerberus Takes Majority Interest in Chrysler
Chrysler
Group and Related Financial Services Business for EUR 5.5 Billion ($7.4 billion)". DaimlerChrysler. Archived from the original on January 24, 2009. * ^ A B Roubini, Nouriel (May 7, 2009). "The Impact Of Chrysler\'s Bankruptcy". Forbes. Retrieved March 6, 2014. * ^ Roubini, Nouriel (May 7, 2009). "The Impact of Chrysler\'s Bankruptcy". Forbes. Archived from the original on December 26, 2013. * ^ "Chrysler, Form 8-K, Current Report, Filing Date May 24, 2011" (PDF). secdatabase.com. Retrieved March 25, 2013. * ^ "Breaking: Chrysler
Chrysler
repays the rest of its federal loans... are SUVs to thank?". autoblog.com. Retrieved May 24, 2011. * ^ Amadeo, Kimberly. "Auto Industry Bailout (GM, Ford, Chrysler)". About News. Retrieved July 20, 2015. * ^ Censky, Annalyn (July 21, 2011). "U.S. loses $1.3 billion in exiting Chrysler". CNN. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2014. * ^ Groll, Elias (July 21, 2011). "Treasury: Chrysler
Chrysler
bailout cost $1.3B". Politico.com. Archived from the original on March 12, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2014. * ^ "Auto Industry:Program Overview - Five Year Update". U.S. Department of the Treasury. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2014. * ^ "Chrysler, Form 8-K, Current Report, Filing Date Jul 21, 2011". secdatabase.com. Retrieved March 25, 2013. * ^ "Fiat to take total control of Chrysler
Chrysler
in $3.65bn deal". London: The Telegraph. January 1, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2014. * ^ "New Fiat- Chrysler
Chrysler
Merged Logo". The Auto Channel. January 30, 2014. Retrieved April 1, 2014. * ^ "motor week" * ^ Wayland, Michael (December 16, 2014). " Chrysler
Chrysler
renamed \'FCA US LLC\'". The Detroit Newsv. Retrieved December 16, 2014. * ^ "FCA shares were halted after EPA accused it of using emissions cheating software". Business Insider. Retrieved 12 January 2017. * ^ Lovelace, Jr., Berkeley (12 January 2017). "Fiat Chrysler shares plunge 13% after EPA accuses automaker of using deceptive software". CNBC. Retrieved 12 January 2017. * ^ Tabuchi, Hiroko (12 January 2017). "E.P.A. Accuses Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
of Secretly Exceeding Emissions Standards". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 January 2017. * ^ "EPA accuses Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
of excess diesel emissions". Reuters. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2017. * ^ "BRIEF-FCA US says its emission control systems meet applicable requirements". Reuters. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2017. * ^ "Diesel cheating inquiries widen to Renault
Renault
and Fiat". Reuters. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017. * ^ "Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
shares up as investors play down EPA impact". Reuters. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017. * ^ "U.S. senator seeks probe of Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
diesel marketing". Reuters. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2017. * ^ "Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
Faces U.S. Criminal Emissions Investigation". Bloomberg.com. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2017. * ^ A B Krisher, Tom (June 7, 2011). " Chrysler
Chrysler
replaces Dodge
Dodge
and US sales chiefs". The Seattle Times. AP. * ^ "Global Markets - Saad Chehab" (Press release). Chrysler
Chrysler
Media. April 17, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2012. * ^ "Olivier Francois" (Press release). Chrysler
Chrysler
Media. April 16, 2012. Retrieved December 31, 2012. * ^ "Here Are The December 2013 \'Big Eight\' US Auto Sales Numbers". International Business Times. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
LLC Reports December 2008 U.S. Sales". Chrysler
Chrysler
LLC. 5 January 2009. Retrieved 7 May 2014. * ^ Johnson, Drew (February 15, 2011). " Chrysler
Chrysler
to Bring Fleet Sales in-line with Industry Average". Left Lane News. Missing or empty url= (help ) * ^ "World Motor Vehicle Production – World Ranking of Manufactures 2012" (PDF). OICA. Retrieved 7 May 2014. * ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (July 26, 2007). "Breaking: Chrysler
Chrysler
announces lifetime powertrain warranty!". Autoblog.com. Retrieved July 11, 2010.

* ^ "New Chrysler
Chrysler
Lifetime Powertrain Warranty Customers – Q&A". Chrysler.com. July 26, 2007. Retrieved July 11, 2010. * ^ Korzeniewski, Jeremy (August 20, 2009). "Report: Chrysler dropping lifetime powertrain warranty to five-year/100,000 miles". Autoblog.com. Retrieved July 11, 2010. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
LLC Delivers Economic Stimulus; Protects Consumers from Rising Gas Prices for Three Years" (Press release). Chrysler.com. Retrieved March 7, 2012. * ^ "Lancia, Chrysler
Chrysler
to share products". Leftlanenews.com. Retrieved November 29, 2009. * ^ "Officially Official: Dodge
Dodge
splits off Ram brand with new exec appointments". autoblog.com/2009. Retrieved March 12, 2010. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
Group Announces Year-End and December Sales". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved April 30, 2009. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
Group Reports U.S. December Sales". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved April 30, 2009. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
Group Reports December 2003 Sales Increase of 2 Percent". Theautochannel.com. November 17, 2004. Retrieved April 30, 2009. * ^ A B " Chrysler
Chrysler
Group 2005 U.S. Sales Rise 5 Percent, Highest Since 2000; December Sales Decline In Line with Overall Industry". Prnewswire.com. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2009. * ^ A B C "Total Chrysler
Chrysler
LLC December 2007 Sales Up 1 Percent on the Strength of Retail; Demand...". Reuters. January 3, 2008. Archived from the original on February 3, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2009. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
LLC Reports December 2008 U.S. Sales". News.prnewswire.com. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2012. * ^ "Award-winning Month Drives Chrysler
Chrysler
Group LLC\'s December U.S. Sales". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved March 6, 2010. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
sales soar 16%". January 4, 2011. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
sales shoot up 37%(26% for 2011)". January 4, 2011. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
sales rise 10% in December, 21% for the year". January 10, 2013. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
sales rise 6% in December, 9% for the year". January 3, 2013. * ^ " Special
Special
Report: 2014 Chrysler
Chrysler
Group LLC U.S. Sales Archive". FCA US Media (Press release). January 5, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ "FCA US LLC Reports December 2015 U.S. Sales Increased 13 Percent". FCA US Media (Press release). January 5, 2016. Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ Gutierrez, Dianna (February 6, 2011). " Chrysler
Chrysler
Brand Launches New Marketing and Advertising Campaign". Autoblog.com. Retrieved April 11, 2011. * ^ Chris Shunk RSS feed. "Detroit City Council honors Chrysler\'s Super Bowl
Super Bowl
commercial". Autoblog.com. Retrieved May 20, 2012. * ^ Richardson, Aaron (March 14, 2011). "Report: Chrysler
Chrysler
updates \'Imported From Detroit\' logo". Autoblog.com. Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ Schultz, Jonathan (May 12, 2011). " Chrysler
Chrysler
Exports \'Imported From Detroit\' to New York". The New York Times. Retrieved May 20, 2012. * ^ Halcom, Chad (March 16, 2011). " Chrysler
Chrysler
sues Pure Detroit, says \'Imported From Detroit\' merchandise infringes on trademark". Crain's Detroit Business. Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
loses \'Imported from Detroit\' lawsuit". Autoweek.com. June 29, 2011. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. Retrieved May 20, 2012. * ^ Bowman, Zach (June 29, 2011). " Chrysler
Chrysler
legal bid to halt \'Imported From Detroit\' merchandise sales falls short". Autoblog.com. Retrieved May 20, 2012. * ^ "Chrysler, Pure Detroit agree to mediation to settle \'Imported from Detroit\' suit". The Detroit News. March 19, 2012. Retrieved May 20, 2012. * ^ "Chrysler, Pure Detroit reach lawsuit settlement over \'Imported from Detroit\' slogan". MLive.com. Retrieved 2016-03-10. * ^ Vlasic, Bill (July 15, 2013). "Last Car Plant Brings Detroit Hope and Cash". The New York Times. Retrieved April 1, 2014. * ^ Spahr, Wolfgang (August 5, 2011). " Audi
Audi
Settles Copyright Lawsuit With Eminem
Eminem
Over \'Lose Yourself\' Ad". Billboard. Retrieved April 29, 2012. * ^ Monroe, Bryan (February 6, 2012). "Were politics buried inside Eastwood\'s \'Halftime\' commercial?". CNN. Retrieved April 29, 2012. * ^ Marchionne, Sergio (March 25, 2012). "Sergio Marchionne: Resurrecting Chrysler". 60 Minutes (Interview). Interview with Steve Kroft. CBS News. p. 3. Retrieved July 30, 2012. * ^ A B "New Chrysler 200 ad campaign debuts during Lions game". Retrieved January 12, 2017. * ^ "New ads aim to elevate Chrysler
Chrysler
brand". Retrieved January 12, 2017. * ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
keeps \'Imported from Detroit\' tagline". Retrieved January 12, 2017. * ^ Buss, Dale. " Chrysler
Chrysler
Super Bowl
Super Bowl
Ad: Shift On \'Imported From Detroit\'?". Retrieved January 12, 2017. * ^ Healey, James R. (April 21, 2010). "7 new Fiat models bound for U.S.; 9 Chryslers to go abroad". USA Today. * ^ "2009 Chryslers, Dodges, and Jeeps: "Official" Changes". allpar. Retrieved April 1, 2014. * ^ A B C D E Greenberg, Andy. "Hackers Remotely Kill a Jeep
Jeep
on the Highway—With Me in It". Wired. Retrieved 2015-07-22. * ^ Davies, Chris (June 26, 2008). " Chrysler
Chrysler
uconnect Web turns car into WiFi hotspot". SlashGear. Retrieved April 1, 2014. * ^ Stewart, James (July 30, 2011). "Salvation At Chrysler, In the Form Of Fiat". The New York Times . Retrieved March 19, 2016. Quality was abysmal. Every model in the company’s Chrysler, Dodge
Dodge
and Jeep brands ranked in the bottom 25 percent in the J. D. Power & Associates survey of customer satisfaction. * ^ Zhang, Benjamin (February 23, 2016). "Consumer Reports just called out Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
for its alarmingly bad quality". Business Insider . Retrieved March 18, 2016. "All Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
brands finished in the bottom third of the rankings, with Fiat coming last," Consumer Reports wrote in a statement...Consumer Reports' criticism of the Italian-American automaker is just the latest in a string of reliability concerns stemming from the company's products. * ^ Rosevear, John (March 7, 2015). "Will Quality Woes Crush Fiat Chrysler\'s Turnaround?". The Motley Fool. Retrieved December 10, 2016. * ^ Wayland, Michael (October 29, 2014). "Quality chief leaves FCA amid recalls, poor reliability". The Detroit News . Retrieved March 19, 2016. Chrysler
Chrysler
historically has performed poorly in Consumer Reports' reliability ratings... * ^ Jensen, Cheryl (October 29, 2010). "Survey Forecasts Reliability of 2011 Cars". The New York Times . Retrieved March 24, 2016. Some things didn’t change from the 2009 survey... Chrysler ranked lowest among all brands. * ^ Jensen, Cheryl (November 2, 2014). "In-Car Electronics: Thumbs Down". The New York Times . Retrieved March 24, 2016. ...Consumer Reports said in its latest Annual Auto Reliability Survey...Scores improved for Ford and Lincoln, but Chrysler’s brands were near the bottom * ^ Wayland, Michael (February 23, 2016). "Detroit automakers struggle in Consumer Reports ratings". The Detroit News . Retrieved March 24, 2016. ...2016 Brand Report Card...Four Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
brands were among the worst six ratings. * ^ LeBeau, Phil (March 18, 2015). "Five worst auto brands for service under one roof". CNBC . Retrieved March 19, 2016. A new survey measuring the satisfaction of people taking their vehicles into dealerships for service ranks five Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
brands as the worst in the auto industry. The company's Jeep
Jeep
nameplate received the worst ratings among all 20 brands in the J.D. Power Customer Service Index... * ^ Picchi, Aimee (August 25, 2015). "The most hated car in America". CBS News
CBS News
. Retrieved March 25, 2016. This is a phenomenon with Chrysler
Chrysler
that goes back since we've been doing this really, showing that they've hovered near the bottom. * ^ Rosevear, John (July 20, 2015). "Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
Finally Scores a Victory on Quality". The Motley Fool. Retrieved December 12, 2016. * ^ Krolicki, Kevin (November 6, 2009). " Chrysler
Chrysler
dismantles electric car plans under Fiat". Reuters. Retrieved April 1, 2014. * ^ "Edmunds Insideline: Chrysler
Chrysler
Kills Durango and Aspen Hybrids". Edmunds.com. October 23, 2008. Archived from the original on October 27, 2009. Retrieved September 3, 2010. * ^ " Dodge
Dodge
Durango Hybrid / Chrysler Aspen Hybrid". Car and Driver. July 2008. Retrieved February 13, 2014. * ^ "Plugged In: Chrysler
Chrysler
PHEV Minivan Project Enters Real-World Testing Phase". Motor Trend . April 27, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2014. * ^ "Wards Auto: Chrysler
Chrysler
Eyes Different Path to Meeting New CAFE Standards". wardsauto.com. August 29, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2012. * ^ Shepardson, David (16 Dec 2015). "Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
buys Tesla, Toyota, Honda
Honda
emissions credits". Reuters. Retrieved 4 August 2017. * ^ Breer, Carl; Yanik, Anthony J. (1992). The Birth of Chrysler Corporation and Its Engineering Legacy. SAE International. p. 192. ISBN 978-1-56091-524-9 . Retrieved April 28, 2012. * ^ "The Original Chrysler
Chrysler
Hemi Engine". Allpar.com. Retrieved April 28, 2012. * ^ Stout, Wesley W. (1946). The Great Detective. Chrysler Corporation. * ^ Colton, Roger B. (1947), Radar in the United States Army (PDF), 33, Proceedings of the I.R.E., pp. 740–753, retrieved April 28, 2012

* ^ Bullard, John W.; "History Of The Redstone Missile System," Historical Monograph Project Number: AMC 23 M. Historical Division, Army Missile Command * ^ "Fact Sheet: Chrysler
Chrysler
SM-78/PGM-19 Jupiter". National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. May 14, 2009. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 1, 2014. * ^ Bilstein, Roger E. (1980). Stages to Saturn: A Technological History of the Apollo/Saturn Launch Vehicles NASA
NASA
SP-4206. ISBN 0-16-048909-1 . Retrieved March 18, 2016. * ^ Freund, Klaus, ed. (August 1980). Auto Katalog 1981 (in German). 24. Stuttgart: Motor Presse. p. 52.

FURTHER READING

* Adler, Dennis (2000). Chrysler. MBI Publishers. ISBN 0-7603-0695-8 . Retrieved November 7, 2012. * Breer, Carl; Anthony J Yanik (1994). The birth of Chrysler Corporation and its engineering legacy. Society of Automotive Engineers. ISBN 1560915242 . Retrieved November 7, 2012. * Curcio, Vincent (2001). Chrysler: The Life and Times of an Automotive Genius. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-507896-9 . Retrieved November 7, 2012. * Yanik, Anthony J. (2009). Maxwell Motor and the Making of the Chrysler
Chrysler
Corporation. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8143-3423-2 . Retrieved June 3, 2014.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to CHRYSLER .

* Fiat Chrysler

.