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Christian music
Christian music
is music that has been written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life and faith. Common themes of Christian music
Christian music
include praise, worship, penitence, and lament, and its forms vary widely across the world. Like other forms of music the creation, performance, significance, and even the definition of Christian music
Christian music
varies according to culture and social context. Christian music
Christian music
is composed and performed for many purposes, ranging from aesthetic pleasure, religious or ceremonial purposes, or with a positive message as an entertainment product for the marketplace.

Contents

1 Worship
Worship
services

1.1 Instrumental accompaniment 1.2 Instrumental music

2 Contemporary Christian music

2.1 Other languages 2.2 Industry 2.3 Media 2.4 Music
Music
festivals and conferences 2.5 Concerts

3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Worship
Worship
services[edit] Main article: Church music

A church choir singing

Among the most prevalent uses of Christian music
Christian music
are in church worship or other gatherings. Most Christian music
Christian music
involves singing, whether by the whole congregation (assembly), or by a specialized subgroup—such as a soloist, duet, trio, quartet, madrigal, choir, or worship band— or both. It is frequently accompanied by instruments, but some denominations (such as some Exclusive Brethren, the Churches of Christ, the Primitive Baptists
Baptists
and the Free Church of Scotland) or congregations still prefer unaccompanied or a cappella singing. One of the earliest forms of worship music in the church was the Gregorian chant. Pope Gregory I, while not the inventor of chant, was acknowledged as the first person to order such music in the church, hinting the name "Gregorian" chant. The chant reform took place around 590–604 CE (reign of Pope Gregory I) (Kamien, pg. 65–67). The Gregorian chant
Gregorian chant
was known for its very monophonic sound. Believing that complexity had a tendency to create cacophony, which ruined the music, Gregory I kept things very simple with the chant.[1] Instrumental accompaniment[edit]

A page (leaf 12 recto) from Beethoven's manuscript. Catholic monks developed the first forms of modern Western musical notation in order to standardize liturgy throughout the worldwide Church,[2] and an enormous body of religious music has been composed for it through the ages. This led directly to the emergence and development of European classical music, and its many derivatives. The Baroque
Baroque
style, which encompassed music, art, and architecture, was particularly encouraged by the post- Reformation
Reformation
Catholic Church
Catholic Church
as such forms offered a means of religious expression that was stirring and emotional, intended to stimulate religious fervor.[3]

In the West, the majority of Christian denominations use instruments such as an organ, piano, electronic keyboard, guitar, or other accompaniment, and occasionally by a band or orchestra, to accompany the singing. But some churches have historically not used instruments, citing their absence from the New Testament. During the last century or so several of these groups have revised this stance. The singing of the Eastern Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
is also generally unaccompanied, though in the United States organs are sometimes used as a result of Western influence. Instrumental music[edit] Some worship music may be unsung, simply instrumental. During the Baroque
Baroque
period in Europe, the chorale prelude (for organ) was widely used, generally composed by using a popular hymn tune thematically, and a wide corpus of other solo organ music began to develop across Europe. Some of the most well-known exponents of such organ compositions include Johann Sebastian Bach, Dieterich Buxtehude, George Frideric Handel, François Couperin, César Franck
César Franck
and Charles-Marie Widor
Charles-Marie Widor
to name a few. Up to the present time, various composers have written instrumental (often organ) music as acts of worship, including well known organ repertoire by composers like Olivier Messiaen, Louis Vierne, Maurice Duruflé, and Jean Langlais. The church sonata (for orchestra and chamber group) and other sacred instrumental musical forms also developed from the Baroque
Baroque
period onwards. Contemporary Christian music[edit] Main article: Contemporary Christian music From the latter half of the 20th century to the present day in Western Christendom—especially in the United States and in other countries with evangelical churches—various genres of music originally often related to pop rock, have been created under the label of Contemporary Christian Music
Music
("CCM") for home-listening and concert use. It can be divided into several genres and subgenres, although the dividing lines and relationships between music genres are often subtle, sometimes open to individual interpretation, and occasionally controversial. These genres (sometimes referred to as "style") like other forms of music may be distinguished by the techniques, the styles, the context and the themes, or geographical origin. Specific subgenres of CCM may include (but are not limited to): Christian country music, Christian pop, Christian rock, Christian metal, Christian hardcore, Christian punk, Christian alternative rock and Christian hip hop. Called Christian pop
Christian pop
or gospel in a generalized form, this is a relatively new musical movement and has now evolved into a large number of musical genres by region that comes in a Christian context. This movement appeared as a form of evangelization for the young but the genre is best known and seen in the Evangelical
Evangelical
or Protestant proselytizing movements, often using rhythms similar to those in secular music. CCM is not a musical genre like the other genres. When a song is identified as "Christian" it takes into account the lyrics and the songwriters and performers, rather than musical style. Therefore, one can say that CCM is diverse and there are Christian songs that are sung to the rhythm of salsa, reggae, rock, folk, hip-hop or rap, ballads, pop, country, singer-songwriters and even extreme music such as punk or heavy metal. In the 1980s and 1990s, contemporary Christian music
Christian music
played a significant role in Evangelical
Evangelical
Christian worship.[4][5] A great variety of musical styles has developed traditional praise.[6] Other languages[edit] Similar developments took place in other language, for example the German Neues Geistliches Lied
Neues Geistliches Lied
and Korean Contemporary Christian music. Industry[edit] Main article: Christian music
Christian music
industry Christian music
Christian music
is supported by a segment of the general music industry which evolved as a parallel structure to the same. Beginning in the 1970s and developing out of the Jesus
Jesus
movement, the Christian music industry subsequently developed into a near-billion dollar enterprise. By the 1990s the genre had eclipsed classical, jazz, and new-age music, and artists began gaining acceptance in the general market. Media[edit] Main article: Christian media Today, Christian music
Christian music
is available through most available media. Christian music
Christian music
is broadcast over the radio, television, or the Internet. Christian Albums and video recordings (CD, LP, digital download, DVD, etc.) have been increasingly more popular and have continued to increase in sales.[7] Christian Musicals is another growing area, especially with the help of the internet. Church drama groups frequently enjoy performing musical dramas which can be downloaded on-line for free use.[8] Music
Music
festivals and conferences[edit] Main article: Christian music
Christian music
festival In the US several Christian music
Christian music
festivals have been organized. They are common in the summertime and draw many different people, specifically those from organized groups such as church youth groups and campus groups. In addition to music festivals like those that are part of the Christian Festival Association, there are also many Christian conferences which focus more on speakers, but usually also have musical performances, especially for a Worship
Worship
service. The Ichthus Music
Music
Festival started in 1970. Today festivals are held annually around the world, and may draw upwards of 100,000 people. New Zealand's Parachute Music
Music
Festival, the largest Christian music festival in the Southern Hemisphere, began in 1989 and is held annually at Mystery Creek Events Centre outside the city of Hamilton. England's Big Church Day Out Festival began in 2009 and has annual attendance of approximately 20,000.[9] Concerts[edit] Like any musical group or act, many Christian musical artists perform concerts in concert halls, bars & clubs, or outdoor venues, as well as in Church-related venues. Sometimes it may be for pure entertainment, other times with the intention of witnessing (evangelizing by bearing witness of one's faith), and other times may be part worship as well. See also[edit]

Christian music
Christian music
portal Christian metal
Christian metal
portal Christianity
Christianity
portal

Byzantine music Christian electronic dance music Christian hip hop Christian metal Christian radio Christian rock Church music Contemporary worship
Contemporary worship
music Gospel music Gregorian chant History of music in the biblical period Hymn Liturgical music Mass (music) Religious music Worship
Worship
presentation program

References[edit]

^ Kamien, Roger. Music: An Appreciation. 9th ed. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill, 2008. Print. ^ Hall, p. 100. ^ Murray, p. 45. ^ Suzel Ana Reily, Jonathan M. Dueck, The Oxford Handbook of Music
Music
and World Christianities, Oxford University Press, USA, 2016, p. 443 ^ Mathew Guest, Evangelical
Evangelical
Identity and Contemporary Culture: A Congregational Study in Innovation, Wipf and Stock Publishers, USA, 2007, p. 42 ^ George Thomas Kurian, Mark A. Lamport, Encyclopedia of Christianity in the United States, Volume 5, Rowman & Littlefield, USA, 2016, p. 629 ^ Steve Turner (2008-02-27). "Obituary: Larry Norman Music". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-09-27.  ^ "Christian Musicals". Gospel Musicals. Retrieved 29 September 2012.  ^ "Big Church Day Out". Big Church Day Out. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

Boyer, Horace Clarence, How Sweet the Sound: The Golden Age of Gospel Elliott and Clark, 1995, ISBN 0-252-06877-7. Broughton, Viv, Too Close To Heaven – The Illustrated History of Gospel Music, Midnight Books, 1996, ISBN 1-900516-00-4 Albert E Brumley & Sons, The Best of Albert E Brumley, Gospel Songs, 1966, ISBN na-paperback Amazing Grace Darden, Robert, People Get Ready: A New History of Black Gospel Music Continuum International Publishing Group, 2005, ISBN 0-8264-1752-3. Heilbut, Tony, The Gospel Sound: Good News and Bad Times Limelight Editions, 1997, ISBN 0-87910-034-6. Zolten, Jerry, Great God A' Mighty!:The Dixie Hummingbirds – Celebrating The Rise of Soul Gospel Music, Oxford University Press, 2003, ISBN 0-19-515272-7.  Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Ecclesiastical Music". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.  Enciclopedia Cecilia (in Spanish) Includes a Catholic Encyclopedia about music, wiki-style Palackal, Joseph, Syriac Chant Traditions in South India Wilson-Dickson, Andrew (2003). The Story of Christian Music: An Illustrated Guide to All the Major Traditions of Music
Music
in Worship. Oxford: Lion. ISBN 978-0-7459-5119-5. 

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Christian music

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Christian music.

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Christian music
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Praise
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