Y Waun may also refer to Gwauncaegurwen in Glamorgan
Chirk (Welsh: Y Waun, meaning The Moor) is a small town and local
government community in Wales. It is located in the traditional county
of Denbighshire, although is currently administered as part of Wrexham
County Borough. In the 2011 census, it had a population of 4,468.
It is located 10 miles south of Wrexham.
It is situated between
Oswestry and has been part of the
County Borough since local government reorganisation in 1996. The
border with the English county of
Shropshire is immediately south of
the town, on the other side of the River Ceiriog.
The town is served by
Chirk railway station
Chirk railway station and the A5/A483 roads.
1 History and heritage
2 Modern day
4 Notable people
5 See also
7 External links
History and heritage
Chirk Castle, a National Trust property, is a medieval castle. Two
families are associated with the town and its castle, the Trevor
family of Brynkinallt and the Myddelton families. The Hughes of
Gwerclas, a family descended from the ancient kings of Powys, also
dwelt in the area for many years.
Attractions in the town apart from
Chirk Castle include a section of
Offa's Dyke and the
Chirk Aqueduct, part of a larger World Heritage
Pontcysyllte aqueduct, on the Llangollen Canal, built
in 1801 by Thomas Telford. The
Glyn Valley Tramway
Glyn Valley Tramway operated from here.
The Parish Church of St Mary's is a Grade I listed building. The
current church building was begun during the 11th Century by the
Normans, although it is believed that an older llan, dedicated to St
Tysilio, had existed on the site. Indeed, the current church was known
by the dedication of St Tysilio until the late 15th or early 16th
century, after which it was re-dedicated to St Mary. Today, the church
is a member of the Open Church Network and participates in the Sacred
Chirk was formerly a coal mining community with coal being worked
since the 17th century. The largest of these collieries were Black
Park (one of the oldest in the north of Wales) and Brynkinallt (Welsh:
Bryncunallt). These coal mines have now closed.
Chirk was a coaching stop on the old
Mail coach route along the A5
London to Holyhead.
Ruabon railway had been extended south to
1848 with stations at Llangollen Road (at Whitehurst) and Chirk. South
of the town a railway viaduct was constructed by
Henry Robertson to
take the line over the Ceiriog Valley.
The Llangollen branch of the
Shropshire Union Canal runs through
Chirk. The canal crosses the
Ceiriog Valley (from
England into Wales)
along Thomas Telford's aqueduct. Telford's aqueduct runs alongside the
Robertson' viaduct before the canal enters the
Chirk over the Aqueduct and Viaduct
St Mary's Parish Church
Agriculture continues to be of some importance, as does tourism. The
tourism industry flourishes thanks to Chirk's enviable location in the
Northern Marches. The National Trust's
 is an attraction, as is the
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site of the Llangollen
Canal, whilst the stunning local scenery of the
Ceiriog Valley and
Berwyn Mountains provides some of the most beautiful landscapes in the
UK. Manufacturing now plays a prominent position within the local
industries, with major international firms such as
Kronospan  and
Mondelez UK  maintaining sites in the town. There are small
business which support the local communities and its visitors, as well
as service industries such as hotels, leisure facilities and
restaurants. Despite the presence of these industries, the inhabitants
Chirk enjoy a wide range of employment opportunities and
professions. Religion and worship no longer have the once prominent
position that they held previously. However, there are four churches
within the community:- St Mary's (Church in Wales),
Church, Sacred Heart (Roman Catholic) and the Community Church.
Together, these four churches have a thriving ecumenical
Chirk is served by two local primary schools: Ysgol Y Waun and Pentre
Wales Controlled School.
Ysgol Y Waun is the main primary school for children in Chirk. It was
formed in 2012, following the merger of
Chirk Infants School and
Ceiriog Junior School. Ysgol Y Waun is a nursery, infant and junior
school of mixed gender and lessons are taught through the medium of
English. This large primary school has approximately 335 pupils on
roll with an increasing number of pupils on free school meals –
19.7% in 2014, which is above the Local Authority average but below
Pentre School is a nursery, infant and junior school of mixed gender.
There are approximately 86 pupils on roll who are all taught through
the medium of English. Welsh is taught as a compulsory part of the
school curriculum as a second language. The school is in a relatively
affluent area, with only 15.9% of the school population eligible for
free school meals which is substantially below the Local Authority and
Most pupils in the community attend Ysgol Dinas Brân, Llangollen, for
their secondary education. Ysgol Dinas Brân is a relatively large,
bilingual secondary school catering for pupils from ages 11 – 19
(including Sixth Form). Other secondary schools in the area
include Ysgol Rhiwabon, St Martin’s School (Shropshire) and St
Joseph’s in Wrexham. The area is served by independent schools, such
as Moreton Hall and Ellesmere College.
Chirk is a predominantly English-speaking area, some parents
choose to educate their children through the medium of Welsh. Where
this is the case, the nearest Welsh-medium primary schools are in Glyn
Ceiriog and Cefn Mawr. Pupils can then transfer to either Ysgol Dinas
Brân, Llangollen or Ysgol Morgan Llwyd,
Wrexham for Welsh-medium
The Ceiriog Memorial Institute, in the Ceiriog valley, just west of
Chirk, is home to a collection of Welsh cultural memorabilia and was
founded in the early 1900s to support the Welsh language, culture and
heritage for future generations.
In the 2011 census, a total of 3,652 residents (81.7%) have no skills
in the Welsh language.
Chirk is home to
Chirk AAA F.C., a football team founded in 1876.
Chirk Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1991. The club closed in
See also: Category:People from Chirk
Stan Davies, Welsh international footballer
Peter Edwards, artist
William Egan, Welsh international footballer
Edwin Hill-Trevor, 1st Baron Trevor, Member of Parliament (estate
based in Chirk)
John Hulme, cricket player
Di Jones, Welsh international footballer (resident)
Lot Jones, Welsh international footballer
Mike Jones, Welsh international footballer (resident since 1989)
Paul Jones, Welsh international footballer
Billy Meredith, Welsh international footballer
Hugh Morris, Welsh international footballer
Sir Richard Myddelton, 3rd Baronet, Member of Parliament
Sir Thomas Myddelton, 1st Baronet, Member of Parliament
Sir Thomas Myddelton, 2nd Baronet, Member of Parliament
Robert Myddelton Biddulph, Member of Parliament
Jack Owen, Welsh international footballer
George Owen, Welsh international footballer
Robert Roberts, writer
Stuart Roberts, footballer for Stoke City F.C.
Neil Thomas, World Champion athlete
R. S. Thomas, poet
Sir Edward Trevor, Member of Parliament
Horace Viner, footballer for Stoke City F.C.
Frederick West (1767–1852), Member of Parliament
^ "Welcome to
Chirk and the
Ceiriog Valley North Wales". Chirk.com.
^ a b "Age by Single Year, 2011 (QS103EW) Area:
Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30
^ a b "The Parish of Chirk".
^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and
^ "Home - Europe - Mondelēz International, Inc".
^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (14 April 2008). "Detect
^ a b "My Local School".
^ "Ysgol Dinas Brân".
Chirk Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
G. G. Lerry, "Collieries of Denbighshire", 1968
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chirk.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Chirk.
Chirk Town Council website
Glyn Valley Tramway
Glyn Valley Tramway Trust in Chirk
St Mary's Church, Chirk
History of St Marys, Chirk
Wrexham County Borough
Llansantffraid Glyn Ceiriog
Other villages and areas
Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog
Buildings and structures
Grade I listed buildings
Grade II* listed buildings