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Y Waun may also refer to Gwauncaegurwen in Glamorgan Chirk
Chirk
(Welsh: Y Waun, meaning The Moor[1]) is a small town and local government community in Wales. It is located in the traditional county of Denbighshire, although is currently administered as part of Wrexham County Borough. In the 2011 census, it had a population of 4,468.[2] It is located 10 miles south of Wrexham. It is situated between Wrexham
Wrexham
and Oswestry
Oswestry
and has been part of the County Borough since local government reorganisation in 1996. The border with the English county of Shropshire
Shropshire
is immediately south of the town, on the other side of the River Ceiriog. The town is served by Chirk railway station
Chirk railway station
and the A5/A483 roads.

Contents

1 History and heritage 2 Modern day 3 Sport 4 Notable people 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History and heritage[edit] Chirk
Chirk
Castle, a National Trust property, is a medieval castle. Two families are associated with the town and its castle, the Trevor family of Brynkinallt and the Myddelton families. The Hughes of Gwerclas, a family descended from the ancient kings of Powys, also dwelt in the area for many years. Attractions in the town apart from Chirk Castle
Chirk Castle
include a section of Offa's Dyke
Offa's Dyke
and the Chirk
Chirk
Aqueduct, part of a larger World Heritage Site including Pontcysyllte
Pontcysyllte
aqueduct, on the Llangollen Canal, built in 1801 by Thomas Telford. The Glyn Valley Tramway
Glyn Valley Tramway
operated from here. The Parish Church of St Mary's is a Grade I listed building.[3] The current church building was begun during the 11th Century by the Normans, although it is believed that an older llan, dedicated to St Tysilio, had existed on the site. Indeed, the current church was known by the dedication of St Tysilio until the late 15th or early 16th century, after which it was re-dedicated to St Mary. Today, the church is a member of the Open Church Network and participates in the Sacred Space Project. Chirk
Chirk
was formerly a coal mining community with coal being worked since the 17th century. The largest of these collieries were Black Park (one of the oldest in the north of Wales) and Brynkinallt (Welsh: Bryncunallt). These coal mines have now closed. Chirk
Chirk
was a coaching stop on the old Mail coach
Mail coach
route along the A5 from London
London
to Holyhead. The Chester
Chester
to Ruabon
Ruabon
railway had been extended south to Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
by 1848 with stations at Llangollen Road (at Whitehurst) and Chirk. South of the town a railway viaduct was constructed by Henry Robertson to take the line over the Ceiriog Valley. The Llangollen branch of the Shropshire
Shropshire
Union Canal runs through Chirk. The canal crosses the Ceiriog Valley
Ceiriog Valley
(from England
England
into Wales) along Thomas Telford's aqueduct. Telford's aqueduct runs alongside the Robertson' viaduct before the canal enters the Chirk
Chirk
Tunnel. Modern day[edit]

Looking towards Chirk
Chirk
over the Aqueduct and Viaduct

St Mary's Parish Church

Agriculture continues to be of some importance, as does tourism. The tourism industry flourishes thanks to Chirk's enviable location in the Northern Marches.[citation needed] The National Trust's Chirk
Chirk
Castle [4] is an attraction, as is the World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
of the Llangollen Canal,[5] whilst the stunning local scenery of the Ceiriog Valley
Ceiriog Valley
and Berwyn Mountains
Berwyn Mountains
provides some of the most beautiful landscapes in the UK. Manufacturing now plays a prominent position within the local industries, with major international firms such as Kronospan
Kronospan
[6] and Mondelez UK [7] maintaining sites in the town. There are small business which support the local communities and its visitors, as well as service industries such as hotels, leisure facilities and restaurants. Despite the presence of these industries, the inhabitants of Chirk
Chirk
enjoy a wide range of employment opportunities and professions.[8] Religion and worship no longer have the once prominent position that they held previously. However, there are four churches within the community:- St Mary's (Church in Wales),[3] Chirk
Chirk
Methodist Church, Sacred Heart (Roman Catholic) and the Community Church. Together, these four churches have a thriving ecumenical community.[citation needed] Chirk
Chirk
is served by two local primary schools: Ysgol Y Waun and Pentre Church in Wales
Wales
Controlled School. Ysgol Y Waun is the main primary school for children in Chirk. It was formed in 2012, following the merger of Chirk
Chirk
Infants School and Ceiriog Junior School. Ysgol Y Waun is a nursery, infant and junior school of mixed gender and lessons are taught through the medium of English. This large primary school has approximately 335 pupils on roll with an increasing number of pupils on free school meals – 19.7% in 2014, which is above the Local Authority average but below the Wales
Wales
average.[9] Pentre School is a nursery, infant and junior school of mixed gender. There are approximately 86 pupils on roll who are all taught through the medium of English. Welsh is taught as a compulsory part of the school curriculum as a second language. The school is in a relatively affluent area, with only 15.9% of the school population eligible for free school meals which is substantially below the Local Authority and Wales
Wales
averages.[9] Most pupils in the community attend Ysgol Dinas Brân, Llangollen, for their secondary education. Ysgol Dinas Brân is a relatively large, bilingual secondary school catering for pupils from ages 11 – 19 (including Sixth Form).[10] Other secondary schools in the area include Ysgol Rhiwabon, St Martin’s School (Shropshire) and St Joseph’s in Wrexham. The area is served by independent schools, such as Moreton Hall and Ellesmere College. Although Chirk
Chirk
is a predominantly English-speaking area, some parents choose to educate their children through the medium of Welsh. Where this is the case, the nearest Welsh-medium primary schools are in Glyn Ceiriog and Cefn Mawr. Pupils can then transfer to either Ysgol Dinas Brân, Llangollen or Ysgol Morgan Llwyd, Wrexham
Wrexham
for Welsh-medium secondary education. The Ceiriog Memorial Institute, in the Ceiriog valley, just west of Chirk, is home to a collection of Welsh cultural memorabilia and was founded in the early 1900s to support the Welsh language, culture and heritage for future generations. In the 2011 census, a total of 3,652 residents (81.7%) have no skills in the Welsh language.[2] Sport[edit] Chirk
Chirk
is home to Chirk
Chirk
AAA F.C., a football team founded in 1876. Chirk
Chirk
Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1991. The club closed in September 2012.[11] Notable people[edit] See also: Category:People from Chirk

Stan Davies, Welsh international footballer Peter Edwards, artist William Egan, Welsh international footballer Edwin Hill-Trevor, 1st Baron Trevor, Member of Parliament (estate based in Chirk) John Hulme, cricket player Di Jones, Welsh international footballer (resident) Lot Jones, Welsh international footballer Mike Jones, Welsh international footballer (resident since 1989) Paul Jones, Welsh international footballer Billy Meredith, Welsh international footballer Hugh Morris, Welsh international footballer Sir Richard Myddelton, 3rd Baronet, Member of Parliament Sir Thomas Myddelton, 1st Baronet, Member of Parliament Sir Thomas Myddelton, 2nd Baronet, Member of Parliament Robert Myddelton Biddulph, Member of Parliament Jack Owen, Welsh international footballer George Owen, Welsh international footballer Robert Roberts, writer Stuart Roberts, footballer for Stoke City F.C. Neil Thomas, World Champion athlete R. S. Thomas, poet Sir Edward Trevor, Member of Parliament Horace Viner, footballer for Stoke City F.C. Frederick West (1767–1852), Member of Parliament

See also[edit]

Chirk
Chirk
Bank

References[edit]

^ "Welcome to Chirk
Chirk
and the Ceiriog Valley
Ceiriog Valley
North Wales". Chirk.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28.  ^ a b "Age by Single Year, 2011 (QS103EW) Area: Chirk
Chirk
(Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 September 2014.  ^ a b "The Parish of Chirk".  ^ " Chirk
Chirk
Castle".  ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. " Pontcysyllte
Pontcysyllte
Aqueduct and Canal".  ^ "Kronospan".  ^ "Home - Europe - Mondelēz International, Inc".  ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (14 April 2008). "Detect browser settings".  ^ a b "My Local School".  ^ "Ysgol Dinas Brân".  ^ “ Chirk
Chirk
Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.

G. G. Lerry, "Collieries of Denbighshire", 1968

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chirk.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Chirk.

Chirk
Chirk
Town Council website BBC Wales
Wales
- Chirk
Chirk
website The Glyn Valley Tramway
Glyn Valley Tramway
Trust in Chirk St Mary's Church, Chirk History of St Marys, Chirk Wrexham
Wrexham
& Shropshire
Shropshire
Railway

v t e

Wrexham
Wrexham
County Borough

Principal settlements

Chirk Holt Wrexham

Communities

Abenbury Acton Bangor-on-Dee Bronington Broughton Brymbo Caia Park Cefn Ceiriog Ucha Chirk Coedpoeth Erbistock Esclusham Glyntraian Gresford Gwersyllt Hanmer Holt Isycoed Llangollen Rural Llansantffraid Glyn Ceiriog Llay Maelor South Marchwiel Minera Offa Overton Pen-y-cae Rhosddu Rhosllanerchrugog Rossett Ruabon Sesswick Willington Worthenbury

Other villages and areas

Aberoer Acrefair Arowry Bersham Bettisfield Borras Borras
Borras
Park Bradley Bryn Offa Brynteg Burton Bwlchgwyn Caego Cefn Mawr Cross Lanes Froncysyllte Garden Village Glyn Ceiriog Gwynfryn Hightown Horseman's Green Johnstown Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog Llwyneinion Marford Moss Penley Pentre Broughton Pentre Bychan Pentre Maelor Ponciau Pontfadog Rhosnesni Rhosrobin Rhostyllen Rhosymedre Southsea Stansty Summerhill Sydallt Tanyfron Tregeiriog Trevor Whitewell

Castles

Chirk
Chirk
Castle Holt Castle

Buildings and structures

Bersham
Bersham
Ironworks Erddig Pontcysyllte
Pontcysyllte
Aqueduct Rossett
Rossett
Hall Wynn Hall

Rivers

Alyn Cegidog Ceiriog Clywedog Dee Eitha Gwenfro Wych Brook

Geographical features

Esclusham
Esclusham
Mountain Fenn's Moss Ruabon
Ruabon
Moors

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Schools SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lord Lieutenants Hig

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