Chinese people are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated
with China, usually through ancestry, ethnicity,
nationality, citizenship or other affiliation. Han Chinese, the
largest ethnic group in China, at about 92% of the
population, are often referred to as "Chinese" or "ethnic
Chinese" in English, however there are dozens of
other related and unrelated ethnic groups in China.
2 Nationality, citizenship and residence
3 Overseas Chinese
4 See also
6 External links
Further information: Ethnic minorities in China, List of ethnic groups
China and Taiwan, and Unrecognized ethnic groups in China
Woman wearing yellow and green hanfu, a traditional dress of the Han
Tibetans in Qinghai
Hui people in Xinjiang
A number of ethnic groups within China, as well as people elsewhere
with ancestry in the region, may be referred to as Chinese
Han Chinese people, the largest ethnic group in China, are often
referred to as "Chinese" or "ethnic Chinese" in
English. The ethnic Chinese also form
a majority or notable minority in other countries, and may comprise as
much as 19% of the global human population.
Other ethnic groups in
China include the related
Hui people or
"Chinese Muslims", the Zhuang, Manchu, Uyghurs and Miao, who make up
the five largest ethnic minorities in mainland
China with populations
exceeding 10 million. In addition, the Yi, Tujia,
Tibetans and Mongols
each number populations between six and nine million.
The People's Republic of
China (PRC) officially recognizes 56 distinct
ethnic groups, many of whom live in the special administrative regions
of the country. However, there exists several smaller ethnicities who
are "unrecognized" or subsumed as part another ethnic group. The
China (ROC or commonly Taiwan) officially recognizes 14
tribes of Taiwanese aborigines, who together with unrecognized tribes
comprise about 2% of the country's population.
Qing dynasty the term "Chinese people" (Chinese:
中國之人 Zhōngguó zhī rén; Manchu: Dulimbai gurun i niyalma)
was used by the Qing government to refer to all subjects of the
empire, including Han, Manchu, and Mongols.
Zhonghua minzu (simplified Chinese: 中华民族; traditional
Chinese: 中華民族; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínzú), the
"Chinese nation", is a supra-ethnic concept which includes all 56
ethnic groups living in
China that are officially recognized by the
government of the People's Republic of China. It includes established
ethnic groups who have lived within the borders of
China since at
Qing Dynasty (1644–1911). The term zhonghua
minzu was used during the Republic of
China from 1911–1949 to refer
to a subset of five ethnic groups in China. The term
zhongguo renmin (Chinese: 中国人民), "Chinese people", was the
government's preferred term during the life of Mao Zedong; zhonghua
minzu is more common in recent decades.
Nationality, citizenship and residence
Nationality law of the People's Republic of
nationality within the PRC. A person obtains nationality either by
birth when at least one parent is of Chinese nationality or by
naturalization. All people holding nationality of the People's
China are citizens of the Republic. The
Resident Identity Card
Resident Identity Card is the official form of identification for
residents of the People's Republic of China.
Within the People's Republic of China, a Hong Kong Special
Administrative Region passport or Macao
Special Administrative Region
passport may be issued to permanent residents of Hong Kong or Macao,
Nationality law of the Republic of
China regulates nationality
within the Republic of
China (Taiwan). A person obtains nationality
either by birth or by naturalization. A person with at least one
parent who is a national of the Republic of China, or born in the ROC
to stateless parents qualifies for nationality by birth.
The National Identification Card is an identity document issued to
people who have household registration in Taiwan. The Resident
Certificate is an identification card issued to residents of the
China who do not hold a National Identification Card.
The relationship between Taiwanese nationality and Chinese nationality
Overseas Chinese refers to people of Chinese ethnicity or national
heritage who live outside the People's Republic of
the result of the continuing diaspora. People with one or
more Chinese ancestors may consider themselves overseas
Chinese. Such people vary widely in terms of cultural
assimilation. In some areas throughout the world ethnic enclaves known
as Chinatowns are home to populations of Chinese ancestry.
In Southeast Asia,
Chinese people call themselves 華人 (Huárén),
which is distinguished from (中國人) (Zhōngguórén) or the
citizens of the People's Republic of
China or the Republic of
China. This is especially so in the Chinese communities of
Southeast Asia. The term Zhongguoren has a more political or
ideological aspect in its use; while many in
China may use Zhongguoren
to mean the Chinese ethnicity, some in
Taiwan would refuse to be
For countries with significant populations
For countries with noteworthy populations
Chinese New Zealander
Other countries with Chinese populations
Chinese Trinidadian and Tobagonian
Related topics of interest
Ethnic minorities in China
Unrecognized ethnic groups in China
Chinese Americans in New York City
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Variations and Reservations". The
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Wikiquote has quotations related to: Chinese people
Chinese Ethnic Minorities
The Ranking of Ethnic Chinese Population, Overseas Compatriot Affairs
Commission, Republic of China, archived from the original on 23
November 2013, retrieved 2008-11-02