The China Railways FD class of locomotives were 2-10-2 steam locomotives of the Russian FD locomotive type imported from Russia and regauged for use in China.


The FD class locomotives were imported from Russia from 1958 to provide main line freight motive power for the Chinese railways. Over 1000 units were acquired and remained in service until 1985.[1]

When imported the class were designated YH (YouHao meaning 'friendship'), but after the breakdown of Sino-Soviet relations during the Cultural revolution (see Sino–Soviet split) the class were renamed FX (FanXiu meaning 'anti-revisionist'). In 1971 the class were returned to the original designation 'FD' of soviet Russian origin (after Felix Dzerzhinsky).[1]


See also


  1. ^ a b c d e Duncan Cotterill. "Railography : Class Profiles : FD Class 2-10-2". www.railography.com. 
  2. ^ "中国蒸汽机车不完全小考(三)苏制FD型蒸汽机车命名的问题小考". blog.sina.com.cn. 11 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "包头当年重要的五台蒸汽机车原来现在都在这些地方". mt.sohu.com. 23 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "China Railway Museum". beijingman.blogspot.com. 4 April 2009. Photographs 35-42.