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CHAPEL-EN-LE-FRITH /ˌtʃæpəl ˌɒn lə ˈfrɪθ/ is a small town and civil parish in Derbyshire, England. Dubbed the "Capital of the Peak"(see Chapel-en-le-Frith Rural District Council). Parts of the parish lie within the Peak District National Park , though the town itself is outside the Park boundary. The settlement was established by the Normans in the 12th century, originally as a hunting lodge within the Forest of High Peak . This led to the French-derived name of Chapel-en-le-Frith ("Chapel in the forest"). The population of 'Chapel', as locals commonly refer to it, was 8,635 in the 2011 census. For some years Chapel was the location of the High Peak Borough Council offices. The settlement has several public houses, hotels and guesthouses, a tearoom, a golf club, a cricket club and a football club.

CONTENTS

* 1 Church of St Thomas Becket
Thomas Becket
* 2 Industry * 3 Institutions * 4 Transport * 5 Sport * 6 Moorlands * 7 Education * 8 TV

* 9 Landmarks of the parish

* 9.1 Combs * 9.2 Dove Holes

* 10 Notable people * 11 Neighbouring settlements and landmarks * 12 Notes and references * 13 External links

CHURCH OF ST THOMAS BECKET

The first chapel in the town (now the Church of St. Thomas Becket
Thomas Becket
) was originally built by the Normans but was replaced with a larger building a hundred years later. It stands at the highest point in the town proper. The current building is now almost entirely of 18th-century construction above a crypt of 1225 AD. Buried in the churchyard are soldiers of the Scottish army of the Duke of Hamilton who marched south in support of Charles I in 1648. After their defeat at Preston , they were marched to Chapel and imprisoned in the church for sixteen days in such squalid conditions that forty died; a further ten died when they were marched towards Cheshire
Cheshire
. The Eccles Pike Cross stands in the churchyard, having been moved here from Ollerenshaw Farm in 1925. It is believed to be Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon
and is covered in very worn carvings. Church Brow in the town centre Church of Thomas Becket
Thomas Becket

INDUSTRY

There is a certain amount of industry – especially behind the church in the lowest part of the town, where the brake-lining manufacturer Ferodo (an anagram of Frood, the 19th-century founder's name, with the addition of a letter "e") was a family concern for over a hundred years; it is now part of the international conglomerate Federal-Mogul .

There is a regular market place , cobbled and raised above the High Street, which is still used every Thursday to host the local market (though due to the current economic climate the number of stalls present has declined considerably). A market cross has a faint date which may read 1636, but the cross itself is considerably older.

INSTITUTIONS

Chapel Poor Law Union was established in December 1837. The union workhouse was built c.1840 on the Whaley Bridge road (grid reference SK051805). It consisted of an entrance range and an accommodation block of three wings centred on an octagonal hub, an infirmary and an isolation hospital. The workhouse was later converted to an old people's home, and was demolished in the early 1980s.

High Peak Radio , Independent Local Radio for High Peak and the Hope Valley, broadcasts from studios just off the High Street.

Just outside the town lies the Chestnut Centre. Established in the early 1980s and open to the public, it houses a large collection of otters, owls and native wildlife.

The town has its own theatre company, the Chapel Players, located just off the Market Place.

TRANSPORT

Chapel-en-le-Frith railway station is located 1 mile (1.5 km) from the town centre, on the commuter line from Buxton to Manchester Piccadilly . The other railway line passing through the town, ( Chapel-en-le-Frith Central railway station ) has a more central disused station built by the Midland Railway
Midland Railway
, was once one of the main lines from London to Manchester
Manchester
. While it no longer carries passenger traffic, it now carries a constant stream of roadstone from the quarries around Buxton . It terminates at its junction with the Manchester– Sheffield
Sheffield
trans-Pennine line by way of two viaducts , diverging east and west, above the Black Brook valley at Chapel Milton near Chinley signalbox . Locomotive approaching the former Chapel-en-le-Frith (Central) in 1957 Station on the railway between Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly and Buxton

SPORT

The town's football team is Chapel Town F.C. that play in the Manchester
Manchester
Football League Division One.

MOORLANDS

To the north lie the Dark Peak highlands, which are made up of millstone grit and are heather -covered, rugged and bleak. Here are Chinley Churn and South Head with, a little further off, Kinder Scout , which looms above the whole area. To the south is the gentler and more pastoral White Peak , consisting largely of limestone grasslands, nevertheless with spectacular bluffs and the occasional gorge . Combs Moss , a gritstone 'edge', dominates the valley in which Chapel lies from the south and Eccles Pike rises sharply above the town to its west and provides a commanding 360° viewpoint.

EDUCATION

There are two schools in the town: Chapel-en-le-Frith High School and Chapel-en-le-Frith Primary School.

TV

Market square, Chapel-en-le-Frith

Scenes from the BBC TV series The Village and The Secret of Crickley Hall were filmed in and around Chapel; Bowden Hall featured in both series.

LANDMARKS OF THE PARISH

Ford Hall and surrounding buildings South Head in the background

Ford Hall in the east of the parish, northeast of Slacke Hall and Bowden Hall, was the home of the Reverend William Bagshaw , the 'Apostle of the Peak', after he was ejected from the vicarage of Chinley on the Act of Uniformity in 1662.

Also in the east of the parish, next to a lake alongside the A623 and not nationally listed for its architecture, is the modest Bennetston Hall, which is being renovated as a hotel. Nearby are the site of Peaslow's Cross, and Rushup Hall, a modest but ornate 19th-century private house.

Stodhart Lodge, a care home, is north of the town centre on the Hayfield Road, the old road to Chapel Milton and the rest of the neighbouring parish of Chinley. It has a later 19th-century extension in the neo-gothic architectural style with a datestone inscribed "JB 1869".

Along the B5470 road west of the town are the linear settlements of Bridgefields, Cockyard and Tunstead Milton. Ollerenshaw Hall dates from c.1800 and stands below Eccles Pike.

COMBS

Main article: Combs, Derbyshire
Derbyshire

The village of Combs, west of the town, gives its name to the adjacent Combs Reservoir. The Old Brook House (and its barn), close to the Beehive Inn in the centre of Combs, are listed buildings; parts of the house's grand layout clearly date from the 17th and 18th centuries and, as such, it is similar to Marsh Hall closer to Chapel.

In the rolling hills between Combs and Chapel is Bank Hall, extensively altered in 1872–74 for Henry Renshaw of Manchester
Manchester
on an ornate aerial plan with an elaborate stone balcony over the door, a bay window with fine botanical painted glass and canvas panels to the doors, formerly with painted panels by Armstrong and Caldecott. The south elevation of the house has a central Venetian doorway with columns either side of double-glazed doors—here too are voussoirs decorated with floral motifs, set in an imposing ashlar surround. Its nearby lodge, by W.E.Nesfield, is also listed, as is nearby Chapel railway station.

DOVE HOLES

Main article: Dove Holes

Dove Holes , in the southeast of the parish, has its own station . Within the village lie the earthworks of a Neolithic henge known as the Bull Ring ; the site also includes an oval and bowl barrow .

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Philip Marchington (1736 in Chapel-en-le-Frith – 1808) merchant and political figure in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly in Canada from 1786 to 1793 * Peter Kirk (1860 in Townend, Chapel-en-le-Frith – 1916) British-born American businessman, founded Kirkland, Washington USA * Hubert Selwyn Pink (1878 in Chapel-en-le-Frith - 1946) English cricketer who played for Derbyshire
Derbyshire
during the 1900 season * Major Richard John Wrottesley, 5th Baron Wrottesley MC (1918 in Chapel-en-le-Frith – 1977), British peer and army officer. * John Hartle (1933 in Chapel-en-le-Frith - 1968) English professional road racer who competed in national, international and Grand Prix motorcycle racing
Grand Prix motorcycle racing
events * Neville Buswell (born 1943 in Chapel-en-le-Frith) British actor best known for his role as Ray Langton in Coronation Street * Lloyd Cole (born 1961 in Buxton) English singer and songwriter, lead singer of Lloyd Cole and the Commotions from 1984 to 1989, grew up in Chapel-en-le-Frith * Ross Hockenhull (born 1961 in Chapel-en-le-Frith) British former racing driver in the 1989 International Formula 3000 season

NEIGHBOURING SETTLEMENTS AND LANDMARKS

‹ The template below (Geographic location ) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

NEIGHBOURING SETTLEMENTS AND LANDMARKS

New Mills , Chinley Glossop , Hayfield Kinder Scout , Edale

Whaley Bridge

Sparrowpit , Bradwell

CHAPEL-EN-LE-FRITH

Combs , Errwood Reservoir , Shining Tor Dove Holes , Buxton Tideswell , Bakewell
Bakewell

NOTES AND REFERENCES

Notes

* ^ Chapel-en-le-Frith Central

References

* ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics". Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 18 October 2014. * ^ "A Brief History of the Parish". Chapel-en-le-Frith Parish Council. Retrieved 18 March 2013. * ^ A B Sharpe, Neville T. (2002). Crosses of the Peak District. Landmark Collectors Library. * ^ Higginbotham, P (2007). Workhouses of the Midlands. Stroud: Tempus. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-7524-4488-8 . * ^ "Home page". Chestnut Centre. Retrieved 26 February 2014. * ^ "Homepage CHAPEL TOWN FC". www.clubwebsite.co.uk. Retrieved 4 November 2016. * ^ "New BBC TV drama The Village set in Derbyshire\'s Peak District". Derby Telegraph. 31 March 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2016. * ^ Historic England
England
. "Ford Hall (Grade II) (1088059)". National Heritage List for England
England
. Retrieved 18 March 2013. – its Coach House, Garden House and Bridge are all separately listed. * ^ Historic England
England
. "Rushup Hall (Grade II) (1088026)". National Heritage List for England
England
. Retrieved 18 March 2013. * ^ Historic England
England
. "Stodhart Lodge (Grade II) (1298848)". National Heritage List for England
England
. Retrieved 18 March 2013. * ^ Historic England
England
. "Ollerenshaw Hall (Grade II) (1088052)". National Heritage List for England
England
. Retrieved 18 March 2013. * ^ Historic England
England
. "Old Brook House (Grade II) (1263667)". National Heritage List for England
England
. Retrieved 18 March 2013. * ^ Historic England
England
. "Barn at Brook House Farm (Grade II) (352022)". National Heritage List for England
England
. Retrieved 18 March 2013. * ^ Historic England
England
. "Marsh Hall and Barn (Grade II) (1088025)". National Heritage List for England
England
. Retrieved 18 March 2013. * ^ Historic