CHAPEL-EN-LE-FRITH /ˌtʃæpəl ˌɒn lə ˈfrɪθ/ is a small town and civil parish in Derbyshire, England. Dubbed the "Capital of the Peak"(see Chapel-en-le-Frith Rural District Council). Parts of the parish lie within the Peak District National Park , though the town itself is outside the Park boundary. The settlement was established by the Normans in the 12th century, originally as a hunting lodge within the Forest of High Peak . This led to the French-derived name of Chapel-en-le-Frith ("Chapel in the forest"). The population of 'Chapel', as locals commonly refer to it, was 8,635 in the 2011 census. For some years Chapel was the location of the High Peak Borough Council offices. The settlement has several public houses, hotels and guesthouses, a tearoom, a golf club, a cricket club and a football club.
* 1 Church of St
* 9 Landmarks of the parish
* 9.1 Combs * 9.2 Dove Holes
* 10 Notable people * 11 Neighbouring settlements and landmarks * 12 Notes and references * 13 External links
CHURCH OF ST THOMAS BECKET
The first chapel in the town (now the Church of St.
There is a certain amount of industry – especially behind the church in the lowest part of the town, where the brake-lining manufacturer Ferodo (an anagram of Frood, the 19th-century founder's name, with the addition of a letter "e") was a family concern for over a hundred years; it is now part of the international conglomerate Federal-Mogul .
There is a regular market place , cobbled and raised above the High Street, which is still used every Thursday to host the local market (though due to the current economic climate the number of stalls present has declined considerably). A market cross has a faint date which may read 1636, but the cross itself is considerably older.
Chapel Poor Law Union was established in December 1837. The union workhouse was built c.1840 on the Whaley Bridge road (grid reference SK051805). It consisted of an entrance range and an accommodation block of three wings centred on an octagonal hub, an infirmary and an isolation hospital. The workhouse was later converted to an old people's home, and was demolished in the early 1980s.
High Peak Radio , Independent Local Radio for High Peak and the Hope Valley, broadcasts from studios just off the High Street.
Just outside the town lies the Chestnut Centre. Established in the early 1980s and open to the public, it houses a large collection of otters, owls and native wildlife.
The town has its own theatre company, the Chapel Players, located just off the Market Place.
Chapel-en-le-Frith railway station is located 1 mile (1.5 km) from
the town centre, on the commuter line from
Buxton to Manchester
Piccadilly . The other railway line passing through the town,
Chapel-en-le-Frith Central railway station ) has a more central
disused station built by the
To the north lie the Dark Peak highlands, which are made up of millstone grit and are heather -covered, rugged and bleak. Here are Chinley Churn and South Head with, a little further off, Kinder Scout , which looms above the whole area. To the south is the gentler and more pastoral White Peak , consisting largely of limestone grasslands, nevertheless with spectacular bluffs and the occasional gorge . Combs Moss , a gritstone 'edge', dominates the valley in which Chapel lies from the south and Eccles Pike rises sharply above the town to its west and provides a commanding 360° viewpoint.
Market square, Chapel-en-le-Frith
Scenes from the BBC TV series The Village and The Secret of Crickley Hall were filmed in and around Chapel; Bowden Hall featured in both series.
LANDMARKS OF THE PARISH
Ford Hall and surrounding buildings South Head in the background
Ford Hall in the east of the parish, northeast of Slacke Hall and Bowden Hall, was the home of the Reverend William Bagshaw , the 'Apostle of the Peak', after he was ejected from the vicarage of Chinley on the Act of Uniformity in 1662.
Also in the east of the parish, next to a lake alongside the A623 and not nationally listed for its architecture, is the modest Bennetston Hall, which is being renovated as a hotel. Nearby are the site of Peaslow's Cross, and Rushup Hall, a modest but ornate 19th-century private house.
Stodhart Lodge, a care home, is north of the town centre on the Hayfield Road, the old road to Chapel Milton and the rest of the neighbouring parish of Chinley. It has a later 19th-century extension in the neo-gothic architectural style with a datestone inscribed "JB 1869".
Along the B5470 road west of the town are the linear settlements of Bridgefields, Cockyard and Tunstead Milton. Ollerenshaw Hall dates from c.1800 and stands below Eccles Pike.
Main article: Combs,
The village of Combs, west of the town, gives its name to the adjacent Combs Reservoir. The Old Brook House (and its barn), close to the Beehive Inn in the centre of Combs, are listed buildings; parts of the house's grand layout clearly date from the 17th and 18th centuries and, as such, it is similar to Marsh Hall closer to Chapel.
In the rolling hills between Combs and Chapel is Bank Hall,
extensively altered in 1872–74 for Henry Renshaw of
Main article: Dove Holes
Dove Holes , in the southeast of the parish, has its own station . Within the village lie the earthworks of a Neolithic henge known as the Bull Ring ; the site also includes an oval and bowl barrow .
Philip Marchington (1736 in
Chapel-en-le-Frith – 1808) merchant
and political figure in the
Nova Scotia House of Assembly in Canada
from 1786 to 1793
* Peter Kirk (1860 in Townend,
Chapel-en-le-Frith – 1916)
British-born American businessman, founded
Kirkland, Washington USA
* Hubert Selwyn Pink (1878 in
Chapel-en-le-Frith - 1946) English
cricketer who played for
NEIGHBOURING SETTLEMENTS AND LANDMARKS
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NEIGHBOURING SETTLEMENTS AND LANDMARKS
Sparrowpit , Bradwell
NOTES AND REFERENCES
* ^ Chapel-en-le-Frith Central
* ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics".
Office for National Statistics .
Retrieved 18 October 2014.
* ^ "A Brief History of the Parish".
Council. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
* ^ A B Sharpe, Neville T. (2002). Crosses of the Peak District.
Landmark Collectors Library.
* ^ Higginbotham, P (2007). Workhouses of the Midlands. Stroud:
Tempus. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-7524-4488-8 .
* ^ "Home page". Chestnut Centre. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
* ^ "Homepage CHAPEL TOWN FC". www.clubwebsite.co.uk. Retrieved 4
* ^ "New BBC TV drama The Village set in Derbyshire\'s Peak
District". Derby Telegraph. 31 March 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
* ^ Historic