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v t e

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
((also transliterated Caitanya Mahāprabhu); 18 February 1486 – 14 June 1534) was a Bengali Hindu
Bengali Hindu
spiritual leader who founded Gaudiya Vaishnavism. Chaitanya was the proponent for the Vaishnava
Vaishnava
school of Bhakti yoga
Bhakti yoga
(meaning loving devotion to God), based on Bhagavata Purana
Bhagavata Purana
and Bhagavad Gita.[1] Of various incarnations of Vishnu, he is revered as Krishna, popularised the chanting of the Hare Krishna
Krishna
mantra[2] and composed the Siksastakam (eight devotional prayers) in Sanskrit. His followers, Gaudiya Vaishnavas, revere him as a Krishna
Krishna
with the mood and complexion of his source of inspiration Radha.[3] His birthday is celebrated as Gaura-purnima.[citation needed] [4] Chaitanya is sometimes referred to by the names Gauranga
Gauranga
or Gaura due to his fair complexion,[5] and Nimai due to his being born underneath a Neem
Neem
tree.[6] He was very mischievous in his young days. His original name was Vishvambhar. He was a brilliant student and Nimai was his nickname. At an early age he became a scholar and opened a school.[citation needed]

Contents

1 Life 2 Discovery of Birthplace Yogapith 3 Hagiographies 4 Identity 5 Teachings 6 Philosophy and Tradition 7 Cultural legacy 8 See also 9 Footnotes 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

Life[edit]

The murty commemorating the Shadabhuja Gauranga
Gauranga
miracle of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu appearing as Vishnu
Vishnu
at Ganga mata mathat Puri

Chaitanya means '"living force"; Maha means "Great" and Prabhu means "Lord" or "Master". Chaitanya was born as the second son of Jagannath
Jagannath
Mishra and his wife Sachi Devi. Mishra's family lived in the town of Dhaka Dakhhin, Srihatta, now Sylhet, Bangladesh.[7][8]. According to Chaitanya Charitamruta, Chaitanya was born on the full moon night of 18 February 1486, at the time of a lunar eclipse.[9] Alternatively, Chaitanya is also believed to born in Mayapur. Mayapur is located on the banks of the Ganges
Ganges
river, at the point of its confluence with the Jalangi, near Nabadwip, West Bengal, India, 130 km north of Kolkata
Kolkata
(Calcutta). Mayapur
Mayapur
is considered a holy place by a number of other traditions within Hinduism.[citation needed] A number of stories also exist telling of Chaitanya's apparent attraction to the chanting and singing of Krishna's names from a very young age,[10] but largely this was perceived as being secondary to his interest in acquiring knowledge and studying Sanskrit. When travelling to Gaya to perform the shraddha ceremony for his departed father, Chaitanya met his guru, the ascetic Ishvara Puri, from whom he received initiation with the Gopala Krishna
Krishna
mantra. This meeting was to mark a significant change in Chaitanya's outlook[11] and upon his return to Bengal
Bengal
the local Vaishnavas, headed by Advaita Acharya, were stunned at his external sudden 'change of heart' (from 'scholar' to 'devotee') and soon Chaitanya became the eminent leader of their Vaishnava
Vaishnava
group within Nadia.[citation needed] After leaving Bengal
Bengal
and receiving entrance into the sannyasa order by Keshava Bharati,[12] Chaitanya journeyed throughout the length and breadth of India
India
for several years, chanting the divine Names of Krishna
Krishna
constantly.At that time He travelled on foot covering a lot of place like Baranagar,Mahinagar,Atisara atlast Chhatrabhog. Chhatrabhog is the place where Goddess Ganga and Lord Shiva met,then hundred mouth of Ganga was visible from here. After staying one night He set for Puri
Puri
by boat by the help of Local Administrator Ram Chandra Khan. He spent the last 24 years of his life in Puri, Odisha,[13] the great temple city of Jagannath
Jagannath
in the Radhakanta Math. The Gajapati king, Prataprudra Dev, regarded Chaitanya as Krishna's avatar and was an enthusiastic patron and devotee of Chaitanya's sankeertan gatherings.[14] It was during these years that Chaitanya is believed by his followers to have sunk deep into various Divine-Love (samādhi) and performed pastimes of divine ecstasy (bhakti).[15] Vrindavan, the land of Radha
Radha
Rani, the “City of Temples” has more than 5000 temples to showcase the pastimes of Radha
Radha
and Krishna, including temples as old as 5500 years. The essence of Vrindavan
Vrindavan
was lost over time until the 16th century, when it was rediscovered by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. In the year 1515, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
visited Vrindavana, with the purpose of locating the lost holy places associated with Lord Sri Krishna’s transcendent pastimes. He wandered through the different sacred forests of Vrindavana
Vrindavana
in a spiritual trance of divine love. It was believed that by His divine spiritual power, he was able to locate all the important places of Krishna’s pastimes in and around Vrindavan
Vrindavan
including the seven main temples or sapta devalay, which are worshiped by Vaishnavas in the Chaitanya tradition to this day.[16] Discovery of Birthplace Yogapith[edit] See also: Mayapur
Mayapur
and Bhaktivinoda Thakur In 1886 a leading Gaudiya Vaisnava
Gaudiya Vaisnava
reformer Bhaktivinoda Thakur attempted to retire from his government service and move to Vrindavan to pursue his devotional life there.[17] However, he saw a dream in which Chaitanya ordered him to go to Nabadwip
Nabadwip
instead.[18] After some difficulty, in 1887 Bhaktivinoda was transferred to Krishnanagar, a district center twenty-five kilometers away from Nabadwip, famous as the birthplace of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.[19] Despite poor health, Bhaktivinoda finally managed to start regularly visiting Nabadwip
Nabadwip
to research places connected with Chaitanya.[20] Soon he came to a conclusion that the site purported by the local brahmanas to be Chaitanya's birthplace could not possibly be genuine.[21] Determined to find the actual place of Chaitanya's pastimes but frustrated by the lack of reliable evidence and clues, one night he saw a mystical vision:[22]

By 10 o'clock the night was very dark and cloudy. Across the Ganges
Ganges
in a northern direction I suddenly saw a large building flooded with golden light. I asked Kamala if he could see the building and he said that he could. But my friend Kerani Babu could see nothing. I was amazed. What could it be? In the morning I went back to the roof and looked carefully back across the Ganges. I saw that in the place where I had seen the building was a stand of palm trees. Inquiring about this area I was told that it was the remains of Lakshman Sen's fort at Ballaldighi.[21]

Taking this as a clue, Bhaktivinoda conducted a thorough, painstaking investigation of the site, by consulting old geographical maps matched against scriptural and verbal accounts, and eventually came to a conclusion that the village of Ballaldighi was formerly known as Mayapur, confirmed in Bhakti-ratnakara as the actual birth site of Chaitanya.[23] He soon acquired a property in Surabhi-kunj near Mayapur
Mayapur
to oversee the temple construction at Yogapith, Chaitanya's birthplace.[24] For this purpose he organized, via Sajjana-tosani and special festivals, as well as personal acquaintances, a massive and hugely successful fundraising effort among the people of Bengal
Bengal
and beyond.[25] Noted Bengali journalist Sisir Kumar Ghosh (1840-1911) commended Bhaktivinoda for the discovery and hailed him as "the seventh goswami" – a reference to the Six Goswamis, renowned medieval Gaudiya Vaisnava
Gaudiya Vaisnava
ascetics and close associates of Chaitanya who had authored many of the school's texts and discovered places of Krishna's pastimes in Vrindavan.[26] Hagiographies[edit] There are numerous biographies available from the time giving details of Chaitanya's life, the most prominent ones being the Chaitanya Charitamrita of Krishnadasa Kaviraja, the earlier Chaitanya Bhagavata of Vrindavana
Vrindavana
Dasa[27] (both originally written in Bengali but now widely available in English and other languages), and the Chaitanya Mangala, written by "Lochana Dasa".[28] These works are in Bengali with some Sanskrit
Sanskrit
verses interspersed. In addition to these there are other Sanskrit
Sanskrit
biographies composed by his contemporaries. Chief among them are the works, Sri Chaitanya Charitamritam Mahakavyam by Kavi Karnapura and Sri Krishna
Krishna
Chaitanya Charitamritam by Murari Gupta.[citation needed] Identity[edit] According to the hagiographies of 16th-century authors, he exhibited his Universal Form identical to that of Krishna
Krishna
on a number of occasions, notably to Advaita Ācārya
Advaita Ācārya
and Nityānanda Prabhu.[29][30][31] Gaudiya Vaishnavas consider Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
to be Lord Krishna himself, but appearing in covered form (channa avatar). The Gaudiya Vaishnava
Vaishnava
acharya Bhaktivinoda Thakura
Bhaktivinoda Thakura
have also found out the rare manuscript of Chaitanya Upanishad of the atharvaveda section, which reveals the identity of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.[citation needed] Teachings[edit]

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

Chaitanya and Nityananda, is shown performing a 'kirtan' in the streets of Nabadwip, Bengal.

Pancha Tattva deities installed on a Vaishnava
Vaishnava
altar. From left to right: Advaita Acharya, Nityananda, Chaitanya, Gadadhara Pandita, Srivasa.

Statue of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
in Neelachal.

60 feet Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
statue in Nabadwip.

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
in Prachin Mayapur, Nabadwip.

Yogapith, the birthplace of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Built in the 1880s by Bhaktivinoda Thakur
Bhaktivinoda Thakur
(1838-1914) in Mayapur
Mayapur
(West Bengal, India).

Gaura Nitai
Nitai
shrine at ISKCON
ISKCON
Temple Delhi.

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
has left one written record in Sanskrit
Sanskrit
called Siksastakam. Chaitanya's epistemological, theological and ontological teachings are summarised as ten roots or maxims (dasa mula).[32] The statements of amnaya (scripture) are the chief proof. By these statements the following ten topics are taught.

Krishna
Krishna
is the Supreme Absolute Truth. Krishna
Krishna
is endowed with all energies. Krishna
Krishna
is the source of all rasa- flavor, quality, or spiritual rapture/emotions. The jivas (individual souls) are all separated parts of the Lord. In bound state the jivas are under the influence of matter, due to their tatastha nature. In the liberated state the jivas are free from the influence of matter, due to their tatastha nature. The jivas and the material world are both different from and identical to the Lord. Pure devotion is the practice of the jivas. Pure love of Krishna
Krishna
is the ultimate goal. Krishna
Krishna
is the only lovable blessing to be received.

Philosophy and Tradition[edit]

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Despite having been initiated in the Madhvacharya
Madhvacharya
tradition and taking sannyasa from Shankara's tradition, Chaitanya's philosophy is sometimes regarded as a tradition of his own within the Vaishnava framework – having some marked differences with the practices and the theology of other followers of Madhvacharya. He took Mantra Upadesa from Isvara Puri
Puri
and Sanyasa Diksha
Diksha
from Keshava Bharati.[citation needed] Chaitanya is not known to have written anything himself except for a series of verses known as the Siksastaka, or "eight verses of instruction",[33] which he had spoken, and were recorded by one of his close colleagues. The eight verses created by Chaitanya are considered to contain the complete philosophy of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
Gaudiya Vaishnavism
in condensed form. Chaitanya requested a select few among his followers (who later came to be known as the Six Gosvamis of Vrindavan) to systematically present the theology of bhakti he had taught to them in their own writings.[34] The six saints and theologians were Rupa Goswami, Sanatana Goswami, Gopala Bhatta Goswami, Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami, Raghunatha dasa Goswami and Jiva
Jiva
Goswami, a nephew of brothers Rupa and Sanatana. These individuals were responsible for systematising Gaudiya Vaishnava
Vaishnava
theology.[citation needed] Narottama Dasa, Srinivasa Acarya and Syamananda Pandit were among the stalwarts of the second generation of Gaudiya Vaishnavism. Having studied under Jiva
Jiva
Goswami, they were instrumental in propagating the teachings of the Goswamis throughout Bengal, Odisha
Odisha
and other regions of Eastern India. Many among their associates, such as Ramacandra Kaviraja and Ganga Narayan Chakravarti, were also eminent teachers in their own right.[35] In the early 17th century Kalachand Vidyalankar, a disciple of Chaitanya, made his preachings popular in Bengal. He traveled throughout India
India
popularizing the gospel of anti-untouchability, social justice and mass education. He probably initiated 'Pankti Bhojon' and Krishna
Krishna
sankirtan in eastern part of Bengal. Several schools (sampradaya) have been practicing it for hundreds of years. Geetashree Chabi Bandyopadhyay and Radharani
Radharani
Devi are among many who achieved fame by singing kirtan. The Dalits in Bengal
Bengal
at that time neglected and underprivileged cast readily accepted his libertarian outlook and embraced the doctrine of Mahaprabhu. His disciples were known as Kalachandi Sampraday who inspired the people to eradicate illiteracy and casteism. Many consider Kalachand as the Father of Rationalism in East Bengal
Bengal
(Purba Banga).[citation needed] The festival of Kheturi, presided over by Jahnava Thakurani,[36] the wife of Nityananda, was the first time the leaders of the various branches of Chaitanya's followers assembled together. Through such festivals, members of the loosely organised tradition became acquainted with other branches along with their respective theological and practical nuances.[37] Around these times, the disciples and descendants of Nityananda
Nityananda
and Advaita Acharya, headed by Virabhadra and Krishna
Krishna
Mishra respectively, started their family lineages (vamsa) to maintain the tradition. The vamsa descending from Nityananda through his son Virabhadra forms the most prominent branch of the modern Gaudiya tradition, though descendants of Advaita, along with the descendants of many other associates of Chaitanya, maintain their following especially in the rural areas of Bengal. Gopala Guru Goswami, a young associate of Chaitanya and a follower of Vakresvara Pandit, founded another branch based in Odisha. The writings of Gopala, along with those of his disciple Dhyanacandra Goswami, have had a substantial influence on the methods of internal worship in the tradition.[citation needed] From the very beginning of Chaitanya's bhakti movement in Bengal, Haridasa Thakur
Haridasa Thakur
and others Muslim or Hindu
Hindu
by birth were the participants. Sri Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Paramahamsa, the great sage of Dakshineswar, who lived in the 19th century, emphasized the bhakti marga of Chaitanya mahaprabhu, whom he referred to as "Gauranga." (The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna). This openness received a boost from Bhaktivinoda Thakura's broad-minded vision in the late 19th century and was institutionalised by Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati
Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati
in his Gaudiya Matha in the 20th century.[38] In the 20th century the teachings of Chaitanya were brought to the West by A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (1896-1977), a representative of the Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati branch of Chaitanya's tradition. Prabhupada founded his movement known as The International Society for Krishna
Krishna
Consciousness (ISKCON) to spread Chaitanya's teachings throughout the world.[39] Saraswata gurus and acharyas, members of the Goswami lineages and several other Hindu
Hindu
sects which revere Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, including devotees from the major Vaishnava
Vaishnava
holy places in Mathura District, West Bengal
West Bengal
and Odisha, also established temples dedicated to Krishna and Chaitanya outside India
India
in the closing decades of the 20th century. In the 21st century Vaishnava
Vaishnava
bhakti is now also being studied through the academic medium of Krishnology
Krishnology
in a number of academic institutions.[40] Cultural legacy[edit] See also: Bengal
Bengal
Renaissance Chaitanya's influence on the cultural legacy in Bengal
Bengal
and Odisha
Odisha
has been significant,[citation needed] with many residents performing daily worship to him as an avatar of Krishna. Some attribute to him a Renaissance in Bengal,[41] different from the more well known 19th-century Bengal
Bengal
Renaissance. Salimullah Khan (b. 1958), a noted Bangladeshi linguist, maintains, "Sixteenth century is the time of Chaitanya Dev, and it is the beginning of Modernism in Bengal. The concept of 'humanity' that came into fruition is contemporaneous with that of Europe".[citation needed] Noted Bengali biographical film on Chaitanya, Nilachaley Mahaprabhu (1957), was directed by Kartik Chattopadhyay (1912-1989).[42] See also[edit]

Acyutananda Gauranga Jagannath
Jagannath
Temple (Puri) Pancha Tattva (Vaishnavism) Prabhupāda

Footnotes[edit]

^ Srimad Bhagavatam (Introduction) Archived 25 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine. "Lord Caitanya not only preached the Srimad-Bhagavatam but propagated the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita
Bhagavad Gita
as well in the most practical way." ^ Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
"He spread the Yuga-dharma as the practice for attainment of pure love for Radha-Krishna. That process is Harinam-Sankirtan, or the congregational chanting of the Holy Names of Krishna
Krishna
"Hare Krishna
Krishna
Hare Krishna
Krishna
Krishna
Krishna
Krishna
Krishna
Hare Hare, Hare Rama
Rama
Hare Rama
Rama
Rama
Rama
Rama
Rama
Hare Hare" ^ Benjamin E. Zeller (2010), Prophets and Protons, New York University Press, ISBN 978-0814797211, pages 77-79 ^ "Gaura Purnima". www.krishna.com. Retrieved 2008-12-16.  ^ In the Name of the Lord (Deccan Herald) "He was also given the name of ‘Gora’ because of his extremely fair complexion." Archived 7 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine. ^ KCM Archive "They named Him Nimai, as he was born under a neem tree."[dead link] ^ Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu: His Life and Precepts, by Bhaktivinoda Thakura Archived 17 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Nair, p. 87 ^ Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu: His Life and Precepts, by Bhaktivinoda Thakura Archived 17 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine. "Chaitanya Mahäprabhu appeared in Nabadwip
Nabadwip
in Bengal
Bengal
just after sunset on the evening of the 23rd Phälguna 1407 Shakabda, answering to 18 February 1486, of the Christian Era. The moon was eclipsed at the time of His 'birth'" ^ CC Adi lila 14.22 Archived 6 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ CC Adi lila 17.9 "In Gayla, Sri Chaitanya Mähaprabhu was initiated by Isvara Puri, and immediately afterwards He exhibited signs of love of Godhead. He again displayed such symptoms after returning home." ^ Teachings of Lord Chaitanya "They were surprised to see Lord Chaitanya after He accepted his sannyasa order from Kesava Bharati" ^ History of Gaudiya Vaishnavism. The first 6 years, he traveled extensively from Rameshavara in South India
India
to Vrindavan
Vrindavan
in North India, sharing the message of bhakti. He is also said to have achieved major intellectual successes in converting intellectual giants of his times such as Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya and Prakashananda Saraswati to his devotional understanding of Vedanta. "Chaitanya spent the remainder of His life, another 24 years, in Jagannäth Puri
Puri
in the company of some of His intimate associates, such as Svarüpa Dämodara and Rämänanda Räya" ^ Gaudiya Vaishnavas Archived 2 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine. "His magnetism attracted men of great learning such as Särvabhauma Bhattächärya, the greatest authority on logic, and Shree Advaita Ächärya, leader of the Vaishnavas in Bengal, and men of power and wealth like the King of Odisha, Pratap Rudra
Rudra
and his minister, Rämänanda Räya..." ^ Srimad Bhagavatam, Introduction Archived 25 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine. "At Puridhawm, when he [Chaitanya] entered the temple of Jagannätha, he became at once saturated with transcendental ecstasy" ^ Srimad Bhagavatam (Introduction) Archived 25 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine. "Lord Caitanya not only preached the Srimad-Bhagavatam but propagated the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita
Bhagavad Gita
as well in the most practical way." ^ Dasa 1999, pp. 100-101. ^ Dasa 1999, p. 101. ^ Dasa 1999, pp. 102-103. ^ Dasa 1999, pp. 103-105. ^ a b Dasa 1999, p. 104. ^ Fuller 2005, p. 209. ^ Dasa 1999, p. 105. ^ Dasa 1999, p. 108. ^ Fuller 2005, pp. 243-250. ^ Dasa 1999, pp. 106-107. ^ Gaudiya Literature ^ Biography of Sri Locana Dasa Thakura Archived 13 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine. (salagram.net) ^ CC Adi-lila 17.10 ^ Chaitanya Bhagavata
Chaitanya Bhagavata
Ādi-khaṇḍa 1.122 ^ Chaitanya Bhagavata, Madhya-khaṇḍa 24 ^ Thakura, B. (1993). Jaiva dharma: The universal religion (K. Das, Trans.). Los Angeles, CA: Krishna
Krishna
Institute. ^ TLC: Lord Chaitanya's Mission Archived 3 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine. "Although Lord Caitanya was widely renowned as a scholar in His youth, He left only eight verses, called Sikshashtaka" ^ History of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
Gaudiya Vaishnavism
"He requested ... the Six Goswamis of Vrindavan, to systematically present ... the theology of bhakti he had taught" ^ Narottama Dasa Thakur: Biography Archived 10 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Festival of Kheturi Archived 22 November 2005 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Charismatic Renewal in Gaudiya Vaishnavism
Gaudiya Vaishnavism
(pdf) ^ Sherbow, P.H. (2004). "AC Bhaktivedanta Swami's Preaching in the Context of Gaudiya Vaishnavism". The Hare Krishna
Krishna
Movement: the Postcharismatic Fate of a Religious Transplant: 139.  ^ History of the Hare Krishna
Krishna
Movement Archived 7 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Krishnology
Krishnology
(definition) Archived 5 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Bengal
Bengal
Studies Conference "History says that the Bengali people experienced the renaissance: not only once but also twice in the course of history. Bengalis witnessed the first renaissance in the 16th century when Hossain Shah and Sri Chaitanya’s idealism influenced a sect of upper literal class of people" ^ Sur, Ansu; Goswami, Abhijit (1999). Bengali Film Directory. Nandan, West Bengal
West Bengal
Film Centre. p. 96. 

References[edit]

Rosen, Steven (1988). Indiaʼs spiritual renaissance: the life and times of Lord Chaitanya. Folk Books. ISBN 0-9619763-0-6.  Nair, K. K. (2007). Sages Through Ages – Volume II: India's Heritage. AuthorHouse. ISBN 1-4208-7802-6. Retrieved 7 April 2013.  Sandipan Manna (2013). In Search of a Forgotten Mahatma: Kalachand Vidyalankar (I ed.). Kalyani Foundation. ISBN 978-81-927505-4-5.  Dasa, Shukavak N. (1999), Hindu
Hindu
Encounter with Modernity: Kedarnath Datta Bhaktivinoda, Vaiṣṇava Theologian (revised, illustrated ed.), Los Angeles, CA: Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Religions Institute, ISBN 1-889756-30-X, retrieved 31 January 2014  Fuller, Jason Dale (2005). Bhaktivinode Thakur and the transformation of religious authority among the Gauḍīya Vaisṣṇavas In nineteenth-century Bengal
Bengal
(Ph.D.). University of Pennsylvania. UMI Microform 3179733. Retrieved 8 June 2014.  Das, Khudiram (2017). [1]Sri Chaitanya and Gaudiya Vaishnava
Vaishnava
Dharma (Ebook).

Further reading[edit]

Jadunath Sarkar, Chaitanya's pilgrimages and teachings, from his contemporary Bengali biography, the Chaitanya-charit-amrita: Madhya-lila by Kr̥ṣṇadāsa Kavirāja Gosvāmi

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

Biography of Sri Chaitanya – Encyclopædia Britannica Works by or about Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
at Internet Archive Gaudiya Vaishnavism
Gaudiya Vaishnavism
– The Tradition of Chaitanya Life of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu Scriptural Statements/Predictions regarding Caitanya Mahaprabhu's birth Lord Gouranga and His Message of Devotion (theosophical.ca) YogPeeth, Mayapur, Navadvipa – The birthplace of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu

v t e

Krishna

Forms

Radha
Radha
Krishna Govinda Bala Krishna Jagannath Vithoba Shrinathji Other names

Worship

Krishnaism Vaishnavism Krishna
Krishna
Janmashtami Holi

Holy sites

Dvārakā Mathura Vrindavan Gokul Govardhan Hill Puri Udupi Guruvayur Nathdwara Gupta Vrindavan Dakor

Texts

Bhagavata Purana Bhagavad Gita Gita Govinda Mahabharata Brahma
Brahma
Samhita Uddhava Gita

See also

Hinduism Avatar Svayam Bhagavan Vishnu Radha Rukmini Satyabhama

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Chaitanya Sampradaya

Sampradaya
Sampradaya
Acharyas Pre Chaitanya

Kṛṣṇa Brahmā Nārada Vyāsa Madhvacharya Padmanabha Tirtha Narahari Tirtha Madhava Tirtha Akshobhya Tirtha Jaya Tīrtha Jñānasindhu Dayānidhi Vidyānidhi Rājendra Jayadharma Puruṣottama Brahmaṇya Tīrtha Vyāsa Tīrtha Lakshmipati Tirtha Mādhavendra Purī Īśvara Purī Advaita Acharya

Post Chaitanya

Sri Krishna
Krishna
Chaitanya Haridasa Nitai Rūpa

Svarūpa Sanātana

Raghunātha, Jīva Kṛṣṇadāsa Narottama Viśvanātha Jagannātha

Modern (Pre- ISKCON
ISKCON
Guru
Guru
System)

Bhaktivinoda Gaurakiśora Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Prabhupāda

Topics

Bhakti Supreme Personality of Godhead Japa Yoga Meditation Hare Krishna Mantras Puja Arati Bhajan Kirtan Sattvic diet Ahimsa Rishis Tilaka Guru Diksha

Avataras of God

Matsya Kurma Varaha Krishna Balarama Rama Narasimha Vamana Buddha Parashurama Kalki Dhanvantari Kapila

Holy texts

Vedanta
Vedanta
( Dvaitadvaita * Dvaita
Dvaita
* Vishishtadvaita
Vishishtadvaita
* Shuddhadvaita
Shuddhadvaita
* Achintya Bheda Abheda) Bhagavad Gita Shrimad Bhagavatam Vedas Chaitanya Charitamrita Ramayana Mahabharata Puranas Upanishads Chaitanya Bhagavata

Organizations

Gaudiya Math ISKCON

Sampradayas

Sri Sampradaya
Sampradaya
( Laxmi
Laxmi
- Ramanuja) Brahma
Brahma
Sampradaya
Sampradaya
( Brahmā
Brahmā
- Madhvacharya) Rudra
Rudra
Sampradaya
Sampradaya
( Rudra
Rudra
- Vishnuswami) Nimbarka
Nimbarka
Sampradaya
Sampradaya
(Four Kumāras - Nimbarka) Chaitanya Vaisnava sampradaya

Spiritual abodes

Goloka Vrindavana Vaikuntha Ayodhya

Holy attributes

Lotus Sudarshana Chakra Narayanastra Kaumodaki Nandaki Sharangam Shankha

Famous bhaktas

Hanuman Arjuna Prahlada Narada Haridasa Six Goswamis of Vrindavana

Holy days

Rama
Rama
Navami Janmashtami Gaura-purnima Ekadashi

Writers

Vrindavana Dasa Thakura Vyasa Valmiki

Pancha-tattva

Nitai Advaita Acharya Gadadhara Pandita Srivasa Thakura

Names of Godhead

Sahasranama Rama
Rama
sahasranama Vishnu
Vishnu
sahasranama List of names of Vishnu List of titles and names of Krishna Hari

Worship

Karatalas Mridangam Harmonium Incense of India Om Hindu
Hindu
temple Japamala

Comparative study

Nastika Advaita Adevism Anti-Hinduism Criticism of Hinduism Persecution of Hindus Asura Hinduism
Hinduism
and other religions ( Buddhism
Buddhism
and Hinduism
Hinduism
* Gautama Buddha in Hinduism Jainism
Jainism
and Hinduism Rama
Rama
in Jainism Hindu–Islamic relations Hinduism
Hinduism
and Judaism Hinduism
Hinduism
and Sikhism Ayyavazhi and Hinduism Bahá'í Faith and Hinduism Christianity in India) Reincarnation Karma Diet in Hinduism God
God
in Hinduism Moksha Samsara Vegetarianism Astika

Other

Jagannatha Narayana Brahman Paramatma Bhagavan Tulasi Devis list Tridevi Radharani Sita Deva Demigods list Trimurti Indian philosophy Dharma Artha Arthashastra Kama Indian idealism Varna Ashrama Swami Goswami Krishnology Vaishnava
Vaishnava
theology Hinduism
Hinduism
by country Hindu
Hindu
cosmology Hindu
Hindu
units of time Hindu
Hindu
views on evolution Hindu
Hindu
calendar Hindu
Hindu
astrology List of numbers in Hindu
Hindu
scriptures Hinduism
Hinduism
portal

v t e

Modern Gaudiya Vaishnavas (1875 to date)

Pre-ISKCON

Bhakti
Bhakti
Hridaya Bon Swami Bhakti
Bhakti
Prajnana Kesava Goswami Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati
Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati
Thakura Bhaktivinoda Thakur Gaurakishora Dasa Babaji Jagannatha
Jagannatha
Dasa Babaji Sadananda Vamana
Vamana
Dasa

Governing Body Commission, and other ISKCON
ISKCON
Gurus

A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami
A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami
Prabhupada* Aindra Dasa* Bhakti
Bhakti
Caitanya Swami* Bhakti
Bhakti
Charu Swami* Bhaktisvarupa Damodar Swami* Bhakti
Bhakti
Tirtha Swami* Giriraja Swami* Gopala Krishna
Krishna
Goswami* Gour Govinda
Govinda
Swami* Hanumatpresaka Swami* Indradyumna
Indradyumna
Swami* Jayadvaita Swami* Jayapataka Swami* Kadamba Kanana Swami* Krishna
Krishna
Kshetra Dasa* Lokanatha Swami* Mukunda Goswami* Radhanath Swami* Ravindra Svarupa Dasa* Romapada Swami* Sacinandana Swami* Satsvarupa dasa Goswami* Sivarama Swami* Suhotra Swami* Tamala Krishna
Krishna
Goswami*

After the Founding of ISKCON (1966 to date)

Richard Shaw Brown Michael Cremo Alfred Ford Geoffrey Giuliano Hansadutta Swami Harikesa Swami Hridaya Caitanya Dasa Jayananda Dasa Jayatirtha
Jayatirtha
Dasa Kirtanananda Swami Krishna
Krishna
Dharma Kurt Mausert Malati Dasi Radhika Ramana Dasa Ramesh Kallidai Ramesvara Swami Ranchor Prime Sadhu Priya Das Steven J. Rosen Graham Schweig Shaunaka Rishi Das Tulsi Gabbard Richard L. Thompson Tripurari Swami Urmila Devi Dasi Visnujana Swami Yadunandana Swami

Gaudiya Math and other vaishnava

Bhakti
Bhakti
Ballabh Tirtha

* ISKCON
ISKCON
guru

v t e

Sampradayas of Vaishnavism

Traditions

Kumara-sampradaya of Nimbarka Brahma
Brahma
Sampradaya
Sampradaya
of Madhvacharya Sri Sampradaya
Sampradaya
of Ramanuja Rudra
Rudra
sampradaya of Vishnuswami

Vedanta
Vedanta
Philosophies

Dvaitadvaita Dvaita Vishishtadvaita Shuddhadvaita Achintya Bheda Abheda

v t e

Jagannath
Jagannath
worship

Deities

Jagannath Balabhadra Subhadra Sudarshana Chakra

Temples

Odisha

Puri Gundicha Temple Baripada Gunupur Koraput Nayagarh Bhubaneswar Kendrapara Chhatia Bata Dharakote Patali Srikhetra Barbil

Other parts of India

Agartala Ahmedabad Bangalore Chennai Delhi Hyderabad Ranchi Medinipur Alwar Mahesh Hajo

Abroad

Comilla Dhamrai Pabna South Africa Sialkot

Festivals and ceremonies

Chandan Yatra Dola Yatra Panchaka Nabakalebara

2015

Rath Yatra Snana Yatra Besha

Suna Besha

Texts

Bhagavata Purana Brahma
Brahma
Purana Gita Govinda Kapila
Kapila
Purana Madala Panji Skanda Purana Dahuka boli

Devotees

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu Jayadeva Salabega Sarala Dasa

Indradyumna

See also

Gahana Vije Mahaprasad Nilachal Nila Chakra Neela Madhava Samkha Kshetra Shri Jagannath
Jagannath
Temple Act, 1955 ISKCON

Category

Bengal
Bengal
portal Biography portal Philosophy portal Hinduism
Hinduism
portal Spirituality portal Indian religions portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 20471441 LCCN: n80060840 ISNI: 0000 0001 1604 9747 GND: 11851833X SELIBR: 375972 SUDOC: 027561550 BNF: cb119575468 (data) BIBSYS: 90897007 NDL: 00830686 NKC: jn20000700

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