The ONE PILLAR PAGODA (Vietnamese : Chùa Một Cột 𠬠榾,
formally Diên Hựu tự or Liên Hoa Đài ) is a historic Buddhist
Hanoi , the capital of Vietnam. It is regarded alongside the
Perfume Temple , as one of Vietnam's two most iconic temples.
The temple was built by Emperor
Lý Thái Tông , who ruled from 1028
to 1054. According to the court records,
Lý Thái Tông was childless
and dreamt that he met the bodhisattva
Avalokiteshvara , who handed
him a baby son while seated on a lotus flower.
Lý Thái Tông then
married a peasant girl that he had met and she bore him a son. The
emperor constructed the temple in gratitude for this in 1049, having
been told by a monk named Thiền Tuệ to build the temple, by
erecting a pillar in the middle of a lotus pond, similar to the one he
saw in the dream.
The temple was located in what was then the Tây Cấm Garden in
Thạch Bảo, Vĩnh Thuận district in the capital Thăng Long (now
known as Hanoi). Before the pagoda was opened, prayers were held for
the longevity of the monarch. During the
Lý Dynasty era, the temple
was the site of an annual royal ceremony on the occasion of
the birthday of
Gautama Buddha . A Buddha-bathing ceremony was held
annually by the monarch, and it attracted monks and laymen alike to
the ceremony. The monarch would then free a bird, which was followed
by the people.
The temple was renovated in 1105 by Emperor
Lý Nhân Tông and a
bell was cast and an installation was attempted in 1109. However, the
bell, which was regarded as one of the four major capital works of
Vietnam at the time, was much too large and heavy, and could not be
installed. Since it could not be tolled while left on the ground, it
was moved into the countryside and deposited in farmland adjacent to
Nhất Trụ Temple. This land was widely inhabited by turtles, so the
bell came to be known as QUY ĐIềN CHUNG, which means Bell of the
Turtle Farmland. At the start of the 15th century,
Vietnam was invaded
and occupied by the
Ming Dynasty . In 1426, the future Emperor Lê
Lợi attacked and dispersed the Chinese forces, and while the Ming
were in retreat and low on weapons, their commanding general ordered
that the bell be smelted, so that the copper could be used for
The temple is built of wood on a single stone pillar 1.25 m in
diameter, and it is designed to resemble a lotus blossom, which is a
Buddhist symbol of purity, since a lotus blossoms in a muddy pond. In
French Union forces destroyed the pagoda before withdrawing
Vietnam after the
First Indochina War
First Indochina War , It was rebuilt
A replica was built in Thủ Đức in Saigon in the late 1950s and
* List of Buddhist temples in
* ^ A B C D Ray, Nick (2005). Vietnam.
Lonely Planet . p. 88. ISBN
* ^ A B C D Võ Văn Tường. "Chùa MỘT CỘT" (in Vietnamese).
Buddhism Today . Retrieved 2008-02-06.
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