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Cerkno
Cerkno
(pronounced [ˈtseːɾknɔ]; Italian: Circhina, German: Kirchheim) is a small town in the Littoral region of Slovenia.[2] It has around 2,000 inhabitants and is the administrative centre of the Cerkno
Cerkno
Hills. It is the seat of the Municipality of Cerkno. Cerkno
Cerkno
is a small but important local cultural center in the traditional Littoral region near Idrija. It is known for the Laufarija carnival, a spring festival with carved wooden masks;[3] for Franja Partisan Hospital (Partizanska bolnica Franja); for a Partisan hospital from World War II; and as a ski resort.[4]

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Mass grave

3 Churches 4 Notable people 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Name[edit] Cerkno
Cerkno
was attested in written records in 1257 as Curchinitz (and as Chyrchayn in 1299, Circhinç in 1337, and Circhiniz in 1486). The modern Slovene name is an ellipsis of *Cerьkъvьno (selo/polje); literally, 'church (village/field)'. The medieval attestations of the name indicate that the settlement was also once called Cerknica. The name indicates that the place was formerly a church property.[5] History[edit] Historically, the Cerkno Hills
Cerkno Hills
belonged to Tolmin
Tolmin
County. In the 16th century, the area came under Habsburg
Habsburg
rule, and was included in the County of Gorizia and Gradisca. After the end of World War I, the area was occupied by the Italian Army, and then officially annexed to Italy in 1920. Between 1920 and 1943, it was part of the administrative region known as the Julian March. After the Italian armistice
Italian armistice
in September 1943, Cerkno
Cerkno
was liberated by the Yugoslav Partisans
Yugoslav Partisans
and became one of the most important centres of Partisan resistance in the Slovenian Littoral. Mass grave[edit] Cerkno
Cerkno
is the site of a mass grave associated with the Second World War. The Lajše Mass Grave (Slovene: Grobišče Lajše) is located south of the town, in a shaft on the edge of the woods on the eastern slope of Lajše Hill. It contains the remains of 14 civilian victims (one escaped) that were suspected of anti-communist activity and were murdered on 6 February 1944 by the Partisans.[6][7] They were killed in revenge for an attack on a Communist Party training school in Cerkno
Cerkno
on 27 January 1944 that left 47 dead.[8] Churches[edit]

Saint Anne's Church

The parish church in the town is dedicated to Saint Anne
Saint Anne
and belongs to the Diocese of Koper. The church consist of a rectangular presbytery, a wide rectangular nave, and a belfry north of the front wall.[9] The church dates from 1714 and has been attributed to the builder Matija Maček (c. 1657–1737) from the Poljane Valley.[10] A second church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint Bartholomew.[11] Notable people[edit] Notable people that were born or lived in Cerkno
Cerkno
include:

France Bevk
France Bevk
(1890–1970), writer Frančišek Borgia Sedej (sl) (1854–1931), Archbishop of Gorizia Milica Kacin-Wohinz
Milica Kacin-Wohinz
(1930–), historian Boris Mlakar (sl) (1947–), historian Franc Močnik (1814–1892), mathematician Janez Podobnik
Janez Podobnik
(1959–), politician Marjan Podobnik (sl) (1960–), politician Rafael Podobnik (1942–), photographer

See also[edit] Cerkno
Cerkno
Ski Resort References[edit]

^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia ^ Cerkno
Cerkno
municipal site ^ Laufarija Society site (in Slovene) ^ Cerkno Ski Resort
Cerkno Ski Resort
site ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 89. ^ Zakriž
Zakriž
Mass Grave on Geopedia (in Slovene) ^ Aljančič, Jože. 2010. Pet tržiških mož pod Vrhom Križa. Zaveza 51. Archived 2016-03-20 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Lajše Mass Grave on Geopedia (in Slovene) ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage Archived April 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. reference number ešd 3598 ^ Resman, Blaž (2003). "Mački". Acta historiae artis Slovenica (8): 94. Archived from the original on 2015-06-12.  ^ Koper Diocese list of churches Archived March 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Cerkno
Cerkno
(category)

Cerkno
Cerkno
municipal site (in Slovene) Cerkno
Cerkno
at Geopedia

v t e

Municipality of Cerkno

Settlements

Administrative centre: Cerkno

Current

Bukovo Čeplez Cerkljanski Vrh Dolenji Novaki Gorenji Novaki Gorje Jagršče Jazne Jesenica Labinje Lazec Laznica Orehek Otalež Planina pri Cerknem Plužnje Poče Podlanišče Podpleče Police Poljane Ravne pri Cerknem Reka Šebrelje Straža Travnik Trebenče Zakojca Zakriž

Former

Gornje Ravne Hobovše pri Novi Oselici Kojca Novine Spodnje Ravne Tičje Brdo Želin

Notable people

France Bevk Janez Podobnik Frančišek Borgia Sedej

Landmarks

Franja Partisan Hospital Idrijca

.