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Kea (Greek: Κέα), also known as or Tzia (Greek: Τζια) and in antiquity Keos (Greek: Κέως, Latin: Ceos), is a Greek island in the Cyclades
Cyclades
archipelago in the Aegean Sea. Kea is part of the Kea-Kythnos
Kea-Kythnos
regional unit.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Local Communities

2 History 3 Ecclesiastical History

3.1 Orthodox Eparchy 3.2 Latin Catholic residential diocese

4 Historical population 5 Scuba diving 6 Notable people 7 In literature 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Geography[edit] It is the island of the Cyclades
Cyclades
complex that is closest to Attica (about 1 hour by ferry from Lavrio) and is also 20 km (12 mi) from Cape Sounio as well as 60 km (37 mi) SE of Athens. Its climate is arid, and its terrain is hilly. Kea is 19 km (12 mi) long from north to south and 9 km (6 mi) wide from west to east. The area is 128.9 km2 (49.8 sq mi) with the highest point being 560 m (1,837 ft) above sea level. The municipality, which includes the island Makronisos, has an area of 148.926 km2 (57.501 sq mi).[2] Its capital, Ioulis, is inland at a high altitude (like most ancient Cycladic settlements, for fear of pirates) and is considered quite picturesque. Other major villages of Kea are the port of Korissia and the fishing village of Vourkari. After suffering depopulation for many decades, Kea has been recently rediscovered by Athenians as a convenient destination for weekend and yachting trips. The population in 2011 was 2,455. Local Communities[edit]

Chavouna Ellinika Kea Kato Meria Ioulis Kea Korissia Koundouros, Greece Otzias Pisses Vourkari Pera Meria

History[edit]

Coin from ancient Kea; with a dog and a star

Temple of Athena (Karthaia) on the island

Ioulida

A beach in Kea

Kea is the location of a Bronze Age
Bronze Age
settlement at the site now called Ayia Irini, which reached its height in the Late Minoan and Early Mycenaean eras (1600-1400 BCE). In the Archaic period, the island was divided between four city-states (poleis): Ioulis, Karthaia, Poieessa and Koressos. During the classical period, Kea (Ceos) was the home of Simonides and of his nephew Bacchylides, both ancient Greek lyric poets, of the Sophist Prodicus, and of the physician Erasistratus. The inhabitants were known for offering sacrifices to the Dog Star, Sirius
Sirius
and to Zeus to bring cooling breezes while awaiting the reappearance of Sirius
Sirius
in summer; if the star rose clear, it would portend good fortune; if it was misty or faint, then it foretold (or emanated) pestilence. Coins retrieved from the island from the 3rd century BC feature dogs or stars with emanating rays, highlighting Sirius' importance.[3] During the Byzantine period, many churches were built and the prosperity of the island rose. It was Byzantine until, in 1204, it was captured by the Venetians in the wake of the Fourth Crusade. The Archbishop of Athens, Michael Choniates, came here in exile after his city fell to the Crusaders in 1205. It was recaptured by the Byzantines under Licario
Licario
in 1278. In around 1302 during the Byzantine–Venetian War, it again fell to the Venetians, who built a castle on the ancient acropolis of Ioulis. Kea was taken from the Venetians by the Ottoman Turks in 1537. Along with the rest of the Cyclades, Kea joined Greece
Greece
following the Greek War of Independence in 1821. HMHS Britannic, the largest ship sunk in World War I, which was the sister ship to the RMS Titanic
RMS Titanic
and the RMS Olympic, sank off Kea island in 1916, having hit a mine. Ecclesiastical History[edit] Orthodox Eparchy[edit] The earliest indication of it as a Greek bishopric is in a list by the Sicilian monk Neilos Doxapatres of the second half of the 12th century and this may have been a later interpolation, since the list of the Greek bishops of Kea begins only at the end of the 16th century.[4][5][6] Latin Catholic residential diocese[edit] In 1330, as part of the Venetian Duchy of Naxos, it became, under the name Ceo, the see of a Latin Church
Latin Church
bishopric of Ceo in the Cyclades, which in 1600 was renamed bishopric of Diocese of Thermia (island Knythos), but suppressed in 1650, after the Ottoman conquest. It is today listed by the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
as a titular see.[7] Historical population[edit]

Year Island
Island
population

1991 1,797

2001 2,417

2011 2,455

Scuba diving[edit] The island is a destination for scuba diving, with excellent visibility, rich marine life, and wall, cavern and wreck diving. The water temperature ranges from 20°-26°C. The highlight for recreational divers is the wreck of the paddle/wheeler steamship Patris which sank in 1868 and lies at a depth 28 metres. She was a passenger steamer 66 m long, in service in the Aegean Sea, owned by the Hellenic Steamship Co., based on Syros island, at that time the capital of Greece.[citation needed] She hit the reef off Koundouros Bay at Makriopounda, Kea island on 24 February 1868 with about 120 passengers aboard. No casualties were reported owing to the proximity of land. [8] The wreck of the HMHS Britannic, sister ship of the RMS Titanic, located 1.5 nautical mile offshore, is at a depth of about 120 m (394 ft). SS Burdigala
SS Burdigala
is a recently discovered wreck, 800 m (2,625 ft) from the island's harbour, at 53 m depth. Sunk in 1916, she was a 180 m long ocean liner built in Germany by Ferdinand Schichau Werft. [9] Notable people[edit]

Simonides (c. 556 BC - 468 BC) lyric poet Bacchylides
Bacchylides
(5th century BC) lyric poet Prodicus
Prodicus
(5th century BC) sophist Theramenes
Theramenes
(late 5th century BC) Athenian statesman Aristo (3rd century BC) peripatetic philosopher Patriarch Meletius III of Constantinople Cyparissos Stephanos (1857 - 1917) mathematician

In literature[edit] Kea is the scene of much of Mary Renault's novel, The Praise Singer. See also[edit]

Communities of the Cyclades

References[edit]

^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.  ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.  ^ Holberg, JB (2007). Sirius:Brightest Diamond in the Night Sky. Chichester, UK: Praxis Publishing. p. 20. ISBN 0-387-48941-X.  ^ Raymond Janin, v. Céos, in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XII, Parigi 1953, coll. 147-148 ^ Vitalien Laurent, v. Cythnos, in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XIII, Parigi 1956, coll. 1190-1191 ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 449 ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 863 ^ http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?123766 ^ http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?138084

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Kea (island)
Kea (island)
(category)

Official Island
Island
website GigaCatholic, with incumbent biography links An 1885 travel guide to Keos (Zea), an excerpt from James Theodore Bent's The Cyclades, or Life among the Insular Greeks

v t e

Islands of the Cyclades

Main

Amorgos Anafi Andros Antiparos Delos Folegandros Ios Kea Kimolos Kythnos Milos Mykonos Naxos Paros Santorini Serifos Sifnos Sikinos Syros Therasia Tinos Lesser Cyclades

Donousa Irakleia Keros Koufonisia Schoinoussa

Other

Saliagos

Uninhabited

Ano Antikeri Antimilos Anydros Askania Christiani Despotiko Eschati Glaros Gyaros Kardiotissa Kato Antikeri Kitriani Makronisos Nikouria Pachia (Anafi) Pachia (Nisyros) Polyaigos Rineia Serifopoula Vous

v t e

Administrative division of the Southern Aegean
Southern Aegean
Region

Area 5,286 km2 (2,041 sq mi) Population 309,015 (as of 2011) Municipalities 34 (since 2011) Capital Ermoupoli
Ermoupoli
(Syros)

Regional unit of Andros

Andros

Regional unit of Kalymnos

Agathonisi Astypalaia Kalymnos Leipsoi Leros Patmos

Regional unit of Karpathos

Karpathos Kasos

Regional unit of Kea-Kythnos

Kea Kythnos

Regional unit of Kos

Kos Nisyros

Regional unit of Milos

Kimolos Milos Serifos Sifnos

Regional unit of Mykonos

Mykonos

Regional unit of Naxos

Amorgos Naxos
Naxos
and Lesser Cyclades

Regional unit of Paros

Antiparos Paros

Regional unit of Rhodes

Chalki Kastellorizo Rhodes Symi Tilos

Regional unit of Syros

Syros-Ermoupoli

Regional unit of Thira

Anafi Folegandros Ios Sikinos Thira (Santorini)

Regional unit of Tinos

Tinos

Regional governor Giorgos Hadjimarkos (since 2014) Decentralized Administration Aegean

v t e

Subdivisions of the municipality of Kea

Municipal unit of Kea

Ioulis Korissia

v t e

Aegean Sea

General

Countries

 Greece  Turkey

Other

Aegean civilizations Aegean dispute Aegean Islands

Aegean Islands

Cyclades

Amorgos Anafi Andros Antimilos Antiparos Delos Despotiko Donousa Folegandros Gyaros Ios Irakleia Kardiotissa Kea Keros Kimolos Koufonisia Kythnos Milos Mykonos Naxos Paros Polyaigos Rineia Santorini Schoinoussa Serifopoula Serifos Sifnos Sikinos Syros Therasia Tinos Vous

Dodecanese

Agathonisi Arkoi Armathia Alimia Astakida Astypalaia Çatalada Chamili Farmakonisi Gaidaros Gyali Halki Imia/Kardak Kalolimnos Kalymnos Kandelioussa Kara Ada Karpathos Kasos Kinaros Kos Küçük Tavşan Adası Leipsoi
Leipsoi
(Lipsi) Leros Levitha
Levitha
(Lebynthos) Nimos Nisyros Pacheia Patmos Platy Pserimos Rhodes Salih Ada Saria Symi Syrna Telendos Tilos Zaforas

North Aegean

Agios Efstratios Agios Minas Ammouliani Ayvalık Islands Büyük Ada Chios Chryse Cunda Foça Islands Fournoi Korseon Icaria Imbros Koukonesi Lemnos Lesbos Metalik Ada Nisiopi Oinousses Pasas Psara Samiopoula Samos Samothrace Tenedos Thasos Thymaina Uzunada Zourafa

Saronic

Aegina Agios Georgios Agistri Dokos Hydra Poros Psyttaleia Salamis Spetses

Sporades

Adelfoi Islets Agios Georgios Skopelou Alonnisos Argos Skiathou Dasia Erinia Gioura Grammeza Kyra Panagia Lekhoussa Peristera Piperi Psathoura Repi Sarakino Skandili Skantzoura Skiathos Skopelos Skyropoula Skyros Tsoungria Valaxa

Cretan

Afentis Christos Agia Varvara Agioi Apostoloi Agioi Pantes Agioi Theodoroi Agios Nikolaos Anavatis Arnaouti Aspros Volakas Avgo Crete Daskaleia Dia Diapori Dionysades Elasa Ftena Trachylia Glaronisi Gramvousa Grandes Kalydon (Spinalonga) Karavi Karga Katergo Kavallos Kefali Kolokythas Koursaroi Kyriamadi Lazaretta Leon Mavros Mavros
Mavros
Volakas Megatzedes Mochlos Nikolos Palaiosouda Peristeri Peristerovrachoi Petalida Petalouda Pontikaki Pontikonisi Praso (Prasonisi) Prosfora Pseira Sideros Souda Valenti Vryonisi

Other

Antikythera Euboea Kythira Makronisos

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 150996678 GND: 4260402-3 BNF:

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