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CATFORD is a district of south east London
London
, within the London Borough of Lewisham
Lewisham
. It is located south west of Lewisham
Lewisham
. The area is the civic administrative centre for the local authority, and comprises both the Town Hall "> A map showing the Catford
Catford
ward of Lewisham
Lewisham
Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916.

The name derives from the place where cattle crossed the River Ravensbourne in Saxon times. It is also said that the name originates from all-black cats , associated with witchcraft, being thrown into the ford to drown during the witch hunts.

Catford
Catford
was historically part of Kent
Kent
until 1889, when it was absorbed into the new London
London
County Council , along with the majority of the present day London Borough of Lewisham
London Borough of Lewisham
. Catford
Catford
covers most of SE6 postcode district . The area is identified in the London
London
Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

BUILT ENVIRONMENT

John Betjeman reads William Horton's Petition to Save Lewisham Town Hall , 1961

EARLY DEVELOPMENTS

Broadway Theatre is an art deco building adjoining the town hall. It is a curved stone structure decorated with shields and heraldic emblems and topped with a copper-green spire. It was opened in 1932 as the Concert Hall and is now a Grade II listed
Grade II listed
building. The interior is in art deco style. The last cinema in the borough stood diagonally opposite the theatre until its closure in 2002. Catford
Catford
also boasts a large Gothic police station . In 2006, a large blue pipe sculpture was unveiled outside Eros House, which was another former cinema (The Eros Cinema), and the Lewisham
Lewisham
Hippodrome theatre .

The 1960s and 70s had a considerable impact on the architecture of Catford. The old Town Hall of 1875, was replaced by the current Civic Suite in 1968, soon after the merger of the metropolitan boroughs of Lewisham
Lewisham
and Deptford
Deptford
. Laurence House, where many of the Lewisham Council offices are housed, is on the site of old St Laurence's Church. The original Gothic C of E St. Laurence Church was located where Laurence House is today (known as the Catford
Catford
Cathedral), but as part of the urban renewal of Catford
Catford
in the 1960s, the church is now housed in a more modern style building 200 metres down Bromley
Bromley
Road.

In Rushey Green the old village water hand-pump from the 1850s survives.

At the end of World War II
World War II
, the 188-bungalow Excalibur Estate was laid out in Catford, and by 2011 this was the largest surviving prefab estate in Britain. However, it is now planned that all but six of the prefabs will be demolished and replaced by new housing, although many residents voiced their opposition to demolition.

BRUTALIST ARCHITECTURE

A few examples of Brutalist architecture
Brutalist architecture
survive including the Catford
Catford
shopping centre and Milford Towers, designed by the architect Owen Luder in 1974. The design was to make it the Barbican
Barbican
of the south.

Architecture critic Ian Nairn praised Eros House, which is now Grade II listed as:

A monster sat down in Catford
Catford
and just what the place needed. No offence meant: this southward extension of Lewisham
Lewisham
High Street badly wanted stiffening. Now there is a punchy concrete focus (`you know, that funny new building') both close to and at a distance, from the desolate heights of the Downham Estate, where it stands straight to the afternoon sun. Rough concrete is put through all its paces, front convex eaves on Sainsbury's to a staircase tower which is either afflicted with an astounding set of visual distortions or is actually leaning. Again, no offence meant. Unlike many other avant-garde buildings, particularly in the universities, this one is done from real conviction, not from a desire for self-advertisement. The gaunt honesty of those projecting concrete frames carrying boxed-out bow windows persists. It is not done at you and it transforms the surroundings instead of despising them. This most craggy and uncompromising of London
London
buildings turns out to be full of firm gentleness.

Current plans put forward by Lewisham
Lewisham
Council are to demolish Milford Towers, as the estate has fallen into disrepair and the land can be better used to meet the needs of local residents.

LANDMARKS

Catford's most prominent landmark is the CATFORD CAT, a giant fibreglass sculpture of a black cat above the entrance to the Catford Centre. This is a small shopping centre , housing Tesco
Tesco
and Iceland supermarkets as well as other high street stores. There is a street market on Catford
Catford
Broadway. Catford
Catford
has several pubs and a variety of non-chain restaurants and cafes.

Catford's oldest pub is the Black Horse and Harrow and Karl Marx
Karl Marx
is reputed to have been an occasional patron. The pub has existed since at least 1700 though the present building dates from 1897. Between 1932 and 2003, Catford Stadium was a successful greyhound racing track, but was closed and then destroyed by fire in 2005 and ultimately demolished to make way for a new housing development.

The Catford
Catford
Bridge Tavern is another heritage listed building close to the old dog track; this mock tudor pub burnt down in March 2015. Nearby, is St Dunstan\'s College .

Other than the shows at the Broadway Theatre the main cultural events are Lewisham
Lewisham
Peoples day held in Mountsfield Park
Mountsfield Park
.

The area was once home to the Catford Studios , producing films during the silent era . Catford
Catford
also use to have a cinema diametric to the theatre. Catford
Catford
was also satirised in The Chap
The Chap
magazine in a series called 'A Year in Catford' named after Peter Mayle 's best-seller A Year in Provence. The magazine poked fun at Catford's mundanity.

REGENERATION

CATFORD TOWN CENTRE

CATFORD is a priority area for regeneration in the London
London
Borough of Lewisham
Lewisham
. Several key sites around the town centre have been identified for redevelopment - Milford Towers, Catford
Catford
Dog Track, Catford
Catford
Island, The Civic Centre, Lewisham
Lewisham
Town Hall ">

Docklands Light Railway
Docklands Light Railway
Extension

Transport for London
London
(TfL) are currently considering the extension of the Docklands Light Railway
Docklands Light Railway
from Lewisham
Lewisham
to Bromley
Bromley
, with the first phase being from Lewisham
Lewisham
to Catford. So far TfL have not expressed a preferred route, provided detailed plans, or indicated costs and funding. Lewisham
Lewisham
Council has suggested that any route should be underground to reduce physical and visual impact.

EDUCATION

LOCAL AUTHORITY MAINTAINED SCHOOLS

The local council maintains Conisborough College and Greenvale School .

INDEPENDENT SCHOOLS

Catford
Catford
has three independent schools , Sydenham High School, St Dunstan\'s College and a small faith school Springfield Christian School.

PARKS AND GREENSPACES

River Pool Linear Park

The walk follows the River Pool downstream from the Ravensbourne River. The banking has been planted with native trees and shrubs, herbaceous planting, wild flower grassland and wetland marginal planting. The park forms part of the Waterlink Way which forms a significant section of the river from Sydenham to the Thames
Thames
.

Unlike many of London's rivers, the Pool remains above ground for most of its length. The section of river flows through a linear park from Southend Lane to Catford
Catford
Hill.

Riverside habitats include woodland and some of the best neutral grassland in the borough. The adjacent railsides provide additional habitat, and are included within the site.

It is a good place for birdwatching at any time of year, and one of very few sites in Lewisham
Lewisham
where five species of warblers can be seen or heard on a summer stroll.

Mountsfield Park

Mountsfield Park
Mountsfield Park
has a wide range of recreational pursuits for the more energetic, including basketball, football and tennis. In the 1920s, Charlton Athletic
Charlton Athletic
played at The Mount (stadium) in the park.

There is also a children's playground for the younger visitors. For those who enjoy more passive pursuits the park has ornamental gardens and a bandstand.

With its central location and car parking facilities, the park is often used for large events. The Council holds its annual People's Day event here each July, which attracts crowds of over 30,000.

Although lower than Hilly Fields the park affords excellent views west over Catford
Catford
to Crystal Palace in the distance.

The park has a park users group called Friends of Mountsfield Park that steward the green-space and oversee its management and development.

Ladywell Fields

The park consists of three fields with a river running through them. The park underwent enhancements in 2007/8 to the northern field to divert the river into main area of the field creating a natural space where river dipping and paddling is popular in the summer months.

In 2010/11 more enhancements were carried out to the middle and southern fields to open the river up to use and as a result children and adults alike can now access various sections to enjoy the environment, including the kingfishers and the heron.

The middle field contains one of the last established rare Dutch Elm trees in London. The park is a key cycling and walking route and popular with joggers and dog walkers.

Elements in the park include:

* Northern Field: Children's playground, skate park, tennis courts, Nature reserve * Middle Filed: Adventure playground, water pumps * Southern Field: Play area for young children.

Facilities include:

* Ball courts, Skate park, Bowling green, Café, Cycle route - Waterlink Way, Dog exercise area, Football pitch, Friends of park group, Green flag, Play area, River, Tennis
Tennis
courts.

Iona Close Orchard

Iona Close Orchard is a fascinating relic of a Victorian garden creating an undisturbed wildlife habitat in the heart of Catford. It remains quite overgrown, but retains some fine old fruit trees. In common with most old orchards, the site is of high nature conservation value. The houses to which it originally belonged date to about 1825. Hidden away behind a few mature ash and Norway maple trees are several fine old fruit trees, apples, pears, plums and a mulberry. Although it has become overgrown, it has remained largely undisturbed, and is therefore a haven for wildlife. Old orchards are generally of high nature conservation value and there is concern that they may disappear. There are a number of uncommon invertebrates which specialise in feeding on dead wood or sap runs on fruit trees. Fruit and nectar also provide food for other foraging insects and birds.

COMMUNITY AND VOLUNTARY SECTOR

Lewisham
Lewisham
voluntary sector is large and developed, with many significant community and voluntary organisations based within the Catford
Catford
area.

Catford
Catford
Society

The Catford
Catford
Society was established in 2014, as a result of residents wanting to come together and advocate for their community and locality, after the successful establishment of the Catford
Catford
Canteen, a pop up weekly restaurant with visiting chefs. The society aims to promote the area as a great place to live, work and study.

Rushey Green Community

The Rushey Green Community Project is a four-year programme levering money into the Catford
Catford
locality from central government funds. The area was selected for additional funding as it was identified amongst the 30% most deprived Lower Super Output Areas in the 2011 Indices of Multiple Deprivation (IMD). The programme creates more social capital by match funding both in-kind donations and volunteering time from the local community put back into the area, up to a value of £2,500 per project.

Voluntary Action Lewisham

Formed in 1967 Voluntary Action Lewisham
Lewisham
(The Lewisham
Lewisham
Council for Voluntary Service) is an independent charitable organisation that supports the voluntary and community sector in the London
London
borough of Lewisham. Its role is to oversee and grow the many voluntary groups and organisations across the borough.

Rushey Green Time Bank

Rushey Green Time Bank was the first time bank in the UK to be based in a health-care setting. It is the largest time bank in south-east London
London
and it has established a reputation for pioneering work in this field for 12 years.

LEWISHAM IRISH COMMUNITY CENTRE, Davenport Road, Catford
Catford
SE6 2AZ. Supported by the London Borough of Lewisham
London Borough of Lewisham
and the Irish Government’s Emigrant Support Programme. Free advice, information and counselling for Irish people and their descendents.

SPORT

Facilities

The previously named Private Banks Sports Ground, situated at the heart of Catford
Catford
has been renamed the JUBILEE GROUND in honour of the HM Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee, and is now operated by St Dunstan\'s College the independent school in the locality. It is a 20-acre site and is for benefit not only to the pupils of St Dunstans but also to local authority maintained schools, groups and individuals in the local community.

Catford Stadium was one of the most famous greyhound racing venues in the UK until its closure in 2005. It also hosted boxing and several other sporting events. The stadium has been demolished and there are plans to build 500 apartments and community facilities including new shops and a doctors surgery on the site.

Local Sports Teams

Kent
Kent
Athletics Club is an old and established athletics club based within Catford
Catford
at the Ladywell Arena . They are one of South London's top athletics and running clubs and regularly compete on road, cross-country and track.

Catford
Catford
has a Non-League football club Lewisham
Lewisham
Borough F.C. who play at the Ladywell Arena.

The most prominent Sunday League side now in Catford
Catford
is Catford Strollers F.C. Catford
Catford
also boast a large 5-a-side centre with many teams.

Cricket
Cricket
, bowls and tennis are represented in Catford
Catford
in the form of Catford
Catford
Wanderers and Catford
Catford
and Cyphers sports clubs. Catford
Catford
also has a skating club. Kent
Kent
County Cricket
Cricket
Club have played at Catford several times in the past.

Catford
Catford
Saints were a professional baseball side playing in the London
London
Major Baseball League in the early 20th century.

The Catford
Catford
Cycling Club was founded in 1886 and rose to European prominence. In 1894 they built their own track south of Brownhill Road complete with a magnificent Pagoda
Pagoda
grandstand . However, by the 1950s the majority of the track had been built over yet the club still flourishes to this day.

PLACES OF WORSHIP

Catford
Catford
has both Protestant and Roman Catholic churches. Non-conformist churches include Plymouth Brethren
Plymouth Brethren
, Baptists
Baptists
, Methodist
Methodist
, The Salvation Army
The Salvation Army
various Pentecostals as well as Seventh-day Adventists and a Unitarian meeting house.

The southern, more residential part of Catford
Catford
is also home to a large Jewish
Jewish
community, many who worship at the Catford -webkit-column-count: 2; column-count: 2;">

* Lieutenant George Arthur Knowland , British Army
British Army
officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
. * Captain William Colbeck (seaman) (1871 -1930), Antarctic explorer, lived in Inchmery Road. His sons went to St Dunstan's. * Sir Henry Cooper , British heavyweight boxer came from the area. * Spike Milligan
Spike Milligan
(1918–2002) the comedian and writer went to school at Catford's Brownhill Boys' School and often visited the suburb where his aunt and uncle lived. He claimed to have lived in Catford
Catford
and wrote about the area in his books and sketches. In reality he lived in nearby Honor Oak
Honor Oak
. * Ben Elton
Ben Elton
, comedian and writer, was born in Catford
Catford
in 1959. * Leslie Dwyer , actor, was born in Catford
Catford
. * Ernest Christopher Dowson , poet and decadent lived and died in Catford. Dowson introduced the phrases 'Days of wine and roses' and 'Gone with the wind'. * Anthony Jones , art photographer lives in the area. * Andy McNab , former serviceman in the Special Air Service
Special Air Service
(SAS) and writer was born in Catford * Maxwell Confait, Colin Lattimore, Ronal Leighton and Ahmet Salih. See The Murder of Maxwell Confait . * Ethel Le Neve. * Frank Pullen , the property developer and racehorse owner was born in Catford
Catford
and opened the first of his shops on Catford
Catford
Broadway. * Henry Forster, 1st Baron Forster - Forster Park is named after him * Cat Stevens
Cat Stevens
lived in a flat above a Catford
Catford
furniture shop in the early sixties * Jem Karacan , Turkish international footballer * Robin Trower , Guitarist, Procol Harum, and extensive solo career. * Lucy Mangan columnist for The Guardian newspaper claims to have lived in Catford
Catford
for thirty years. * Jak Airport , guitarist of punk band X-Ray Spex
X-Ray Spex
and new wave band Classix Nouveaux , was born and raised there. * Jacqui McShee , folk singer and co-founder of Pentangle . * Japan (band) , 1980s new wave band. Vocalist David Sylvian , bassist Mick Karn , drummer Steve Jansen and keyboardist Richard Barbieri all grew up in Catford
Catford
and attended Catford
Catford
Boys School. * Alexander McQueen , fashion designer was born in Lewisham * Robert Stanford Tuck , Second World War fighter ace.

GEOGRAPHY

‹ The template below (Geographic location ) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

DISTRICTS CLOSEST TO CATFORD

Honor Oak
Honor Oak
Ladywell Hither Green

Forest Hill

Lee

CATFORD

Sydenham Bellingham Southend

OTHER NEARBY AREAS

* Lewisham
Lewisham
* Brockley
Brockley
* Ladywell * Bellingham, London
London
* Downham * Grove Park * Lee, London
London
* Sydenham * Forest Hill * Beckenham * Bromley
Bromley

REFERENCES

* ^ " Catford
Catford
South Ward of London
London
Borough of Lewisham". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 October 2016. * ^ A B Mayor of London
London
(February 2008). " London
London
Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London
Greater London
Authority . Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010. * ^ Talling, Paul. "London\'s Lesser Known Rivers - The Ravensbourne". London's Lost Rivers. Retrieved 17 July 2017. * ^ "Theatres in Lewisham
Lewisham
and Catford". The Music Hall and Theatre History Website. Retrieved 23 February 2016. * ^ Storr, Will (19 August 2011). "Bulldozers home in on historic prefab estate". The Daily Telegraph. London. * ^ "More readers\' books of the year". London: The Guardian. 31 December 2005. Retrieved 2008-07-07. * ^ "Milford Towers". Lewisham
Lewisham
Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016.

* ^ "Stadium is destroyed". News Shopper. 25 May 2005. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 March 2015. Retrieved 5 September 2015. * ^ London Borough of Lewisham
London Borough of Lewisham
(Spring 2014). "Catford Regeneration". London Borough of Lewisham
London Borough of Lewisham
. * ^ London Borough of Lewisham
London Borough of Lewisham
. " Catford
Catford
Town Centre Plan". London Borough of Lewisham
Lewisham
. Retrieved Spring 2014. Check date values in: access-date= (help ) * ^ TFL Bus Route Map from Catford * ^ " Catford
Catford
Cycling Club". Retrieved 2008-07-07. * ^ "History of Catford
Catford
Cycling Club". Archived from the original on 9 February 2007. * ^ "South East London
London
Humanist Group". * ^ Wilkes, Roger (30 January 2002). "Inside story: last refuge for a killer\'s mistress". London: The Telegraph . Retrieved 2008-07-07. * ^ Mangan, Lucy (26 April 2008). "Catford: a tribute (yes, really)". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2010-04-28.

EXTERNAL

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