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Catanduanes
Catanduanes
is an island province located in the Bicol Region
Bicol Region
of Luzon in the Philippines. It is the 12th-largest Island in the Philippines. Its capital is Virac and the province lies to the east of Camarines Sur across Maqueda Channel. It had a population of 260,964 people as registered in the 2015 census.[2] The province comprises Catanduanes
Catanduanes
Island (also called Virac Island), the Panay
Panay
Island, Lete Island, Palumbanes group of islands (Porongpong, Tignob and Calabagio) and a few other minor surrounding islets and rocks. Catanduanes
Catanduanes
was a former sub-province of Ambos Camarines
Ambos Camarines
in the early 1900s and later of Albay. It gained provincial autonomy when Congressman Francisco Perfecto filled House Bill No. 301 which separated the province from Albay. It was approved on September 26, 1945 and subsequently signed into law by President Sergio Osmeña
Sergio Osmeña
on October 24, 1945. Remigio Socito, the last Lieutenant Governor, was appointed as the first Provincial Governor. When elections were held in 1947, Alfonso V. Usero became the first elected Governor.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Pre-Spanish period 2.2 Spanish period

2.2.1 Evangelization 2.2.2 Christianization

2.3 American period 2.4 World War II 2.5 Independence Day

3 Geography

3.1 Flora and Fauna 3.2 Weather and climate

4 Administrative divisions 5 Demographics

5.1 Religion 5.2 Languages

5.2.1 Sociolinguistics

5.3 Ethnic groups

6 Government

6.1 List of then Governors 6.2 Provincial board members

6.2.1 West District (1st District) 6.2.2 East District (2nd District)

6.3 Congressional district(s)

7 Economy

7.1 Industry

7.1.1 Cottage industry and manufacturing 7.1.2 Agriculture and fishing 7.1.3 Tourism

7.1.3.1 Tourist attractions

7.2 Income

8 Culture

8.1 Festivals and celebrations

8.1.1 Catandungan Festival 8.1.2 Abaka Festival 8.1.3 Folk festivals

9 Education

9.1 Senior High School

10 Services

10.1 Police services 10.2 Media/Entertainment 10.3 Power supply

11 Transportation

11.1 Air 11.2 Sea 11.3 Land

12 Notable people from Catanduanes 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 External links

Etymology[edit] Isla de Cobos was Catanduanes' first name, given by Spanish conquistadores during the early part of 1573 when came upon several tribes living in the thatched huts called cobos. Catanduanes, is a hispanized term derived from the word tandu, a native beetle and the samdong tree, which were both found in abundance throughout the island. Common reference to katanduan or kasamdongan, meaning a place where the tandu or the samdong tree thrives in abundance, led to the coining of the word Catanduanes.[3] History[edit] Pre-Spanish period[edit] Bornean datus settled on the island of Panay. Their descendants then migrated throughout the archipelago and became the first settlers in Catanduanes. The island was not spared from raids of the Moros coming from the island of Mindanao. Because of these destructive raids, many records of the past were destroyed and lost. Spanish period[edit] 1573 when Juan de Salcedo arrived in Catanduanes
Catanduanes
hunting for pirates, and conquered the natives. Three years later, a galleon expedition from Acapulco
Acapulco
was shipwrecked near the island and the survivors were either killed or made servants. The Batalay Church in Bato, just several kilometers from the capital town of Virac, marks that historical event. Evangelization[edit] The evangelization of the island started twenty years later when the soldiers of Spain, after subjugating the Bicol mainland, came back with Franciscan
Franciscan
missionaries. The missionaries armed with the cross and backed by the sword of the conquistadors evangelized the entire population without much resistance, after initially converting the southern tribes. Christianization[edit] From 1600 to 1857, the colonizers were able to put up nine centers of local governments through the establishment of parishes: Caramoran (1601); Pandan (1650); Viga (1661); Panganiban (1663); Virac (1775); Bato (1830); and San Andres (1853). During the early 1950s, Baras was created. Bagamanoc, a thriving municipality during the Spanish period was reduced to a mere barrio of Viga and later of Panganiban, during the American regime. It formally became a municipality in 1950 followed by Gigmoto in 1951, and San Miguel in 1952. It was during this period that the island saw its own development growth. Interlinking roads built and trading centers created. American period[edit] During the American Regime, some locals refused to recognize the sovereignty of the United States, and most of them fled to the mountains.[citation needed] The American occupation did not last long. In 1934, the Americans had ceased control of the island. World War II[edit] During World War II, Catanduanes
Catanduanes
was not spared from Japanese invasion. The Japanese erected garrisons in different parts of the island and heavily fortified it. Independence Day[edit] Three months after the Philippine independence from the Americans, Catanduanes
Catanduanes
was finally recognized as a separate and independent province from Albay
Albay
through Commonwealth Act No. 687 authored by then Representative Francisco Perfecto. The independence was approved by Congress on September 26, 1945, signed into law by President Sergio Osmena, Sr. on October 24, 1945, and took effect on October 26, 1945.[4] Catanduanes
Catanduanes
became the sixth province of the Bicol Region
Bicol Region
with the signing of the Act. Remigio Socito, the last Lieutenant Governor of Catanduanes
Catanduanes
was appointed as the first Provincial Governor. When elections were held in 1947, Alfonso V. Usero became the first elected Governor. On September 26, 1945, Catanduanes
Catanduanes
after recognized as a separate and independent province, under Republic Act No. 159, dated June 26, 1947 the former municipality of Caramoan was recreated out of the Municipality of Pandan; under R.A. No. 491, dated June 12, 1950, the Municipality of Bagamanoc was also created. Geography[edit] Catanduanes
Catanduanes
is situated in the easternmost fringe of Luzon: 13.3 to 14.1 degrees north latitudes and between 124.1 and 124.3 degrees east longitudes. The island bounded on the west by the Maqueda Channel, on the south by Lagonoy Gulf, and on the north and east by the Philippine Sea. Several small islands comprise the province. Its aggregate land area totals approximately 1,492.16 square kilometres (576.13 sq mi).[5] The coastlines, that stretch to almost 400 km (249 mi), are jagged with many bays. The topography of Catanduanes
Catanduanes
Island is rugged and mountainous, becoming more pronounced towards the central portion of the island. Less than 10 percent of the land area has a slope gradient under 8 percent, mostly fractured and narrow strips of plains located along the coastal areas where most of the inhabitants are settled. The highest mountain peak is in Boctot, located between the municipalities of Virac and San Miguel with an elevation of 803 metres (2,635 ft) above sea level. It is the premier mountain range with broadly spread old-growth forests and watershed which exerts widespread influence over its immediate environs that include the municipalities of Virac, Bato, and San Miguel. Other prominent mountain forms include the ranges: Obi in Caramoran, Cagmasoso in San Andres, and the Summit and Magsumoso ranges within the Viga and Gigmoto areas. The lowlands include the Virac Plain, Viga Plain, San Andres Plain and the Bato River Flood Plain. The coastal municipalities with limited lowland agricultural areas are Pandan and Caramoran. The more extensive lowlands are found in the southern parts of the province. The largest coastal plain is the contiguous wetlands of Viga, Panganiban and Bagamanoc over which lies the widest area of rice paddies and nipa mangroves. The province is mostly rugged and mountainous terrain. Its slope characteristics are 13% gently sloping to undulating, 1% classified rolling to hilly, 2% very hills and mountains, 47% level to very gently sloping, 32% steep hills and mountainous, and 5% undulating to rolling. Ten of the eleven municipalities of the province is situated along the coastal fringes, over which locate its mostly fractured plains. The only landlocked municipality is San Miguel with its poblacion (town center) sitting in a location entirely devoid of flatlands. The majority of the built-up areas occupy zones that are classified as flat to rolling. Flora and Fauna[edit]

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The island is a biodiversity hotspot. Its rainforests are home to the Philippine brown deer, flying foxes, and other endemic bat species, warty pigs, civets, cobras, giant pythons, monitor lizards, sailfin lizards and other endemic animals. Exotic bird species such as the Philippine hornbill, rail, parrot, bittern, egret, pheasant, coot, lapwing, plover, Philippine duck, quail, owl, oriole, kingfisher, swiftlets and many more are also found. A record of "Philippines Birding Trip Reports" has found out massive bird species in several portion of the island such as the watershed and timberland forests reserve in Gigmoto where scattered deer populations are also usually reported.[citation needed] The Catanduanes
Catanduanes
bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba luzonica rubiventris) had experienced over-exploitation in the late 20th century. Although most forests are still intact, this species has suffered over-hunting, making it very rare and is believed to be near extinction or already extinct as its last reported specimen was collected in 1971.[citation needed] The southern giant slender-tailed cloud rat (budkon/bugkon) which is found only in Catanduanes
Catanduanes
and the southern half of Luzon
Luzon
Island, is still widely reported. It is critically endangered as humans hunt them for food and to some extent, as pets. In mainland Luzon, sightings of the creature are already rare while in Marinduque, it is generally considered extinct.[citation needed] Inventory of the entomological fauna in the island has been conducted by various scientific institutions. A survey which was submitted to the national museum has revealed interesting species in the forest reserve of Gigmoto and Pandan. A total of 2,000 entomological specimens and its allies were collected compromising 323 species under 45 genera and 50 families.[citation needed] The Catanduanes
Catanduanes
narrow-mouthed frog (Kaloula kokacii), an arboreal amphibian found only in Catanduanes
Catanduanes
and some parts of Bicol, enjoys[clarification needed] its diversity but is being carefully monitored. Another endemic amphibian Hylarana similis
Hylarana similis
is found only in Catanduanes
Catanduanes
and Luzon
Luzon
islands. The published research by Brown and Siler in Journal of Biogeography (2013) actually reported this species in the forests of Gigmoto.[citation needed] One of the very recent species found in Catanduanes
Catanduanes
and portions of Bicol region is the new loam-swimming skink, a legless reptile with its assigned scientific name Brachymeles
Brachymeles
makusog.[citation needed] The dipterocarp forest also harbor numerous tropical plant species including the threatened species of pitcher plants and rafflesia as well as endemic banana varieties. Many highly economical hardwood trees such as yakal, apitong, palosapis, and molave are still found in the central forests through local reports indicate that these species are already threatened. Mangrove forests exist in several coastal areas but the largest locations are in Banquerohan (Viga-Panganiban), Agoho in San Andres and Batalay in Bato. Catanduanes
Catanduanes
reefs harbor many endangered and threatened types of mollusks such as giant Triton, cowries, abalone, cone snails, conches, octopuses, squids, and nautiluses. Marine mammals are also reported to frequent on its eastern coasts such as species of dolphins and whales which appear from March to June. Many edible marine algae such as caulerpa, valonia, and turbellaria also grow abundantly on its rough coasts.[citation needed] The island is nestled in the very beginning of the Kuroshio Current, a sea current that runs through the eastern Philippines, Taiwan, and Japan. Tuna migration, which is at its peak in the months of April and May, can be seen in the Maqueda channel. Dugongs were once known to swim on Catanduanes
Catanduanes
coasts, but this event is already becoming extremely rare.

Catanduanes
Catanduanes
coast is one of the best spots for flying fish population; a flying fish can attain its fullest size in Catanduanes
Catanduanes
which may weigh 300 grams (11 oz).[citation needed] Rabbitfish
Rabbitfish
Siganus sp., a kind of reef fish is one of the most heavily exploited marine tropical fish in Catanduanes. Its fry that comes out in shallow coasts during the breeding season (March-May) are fished in large volumes. Approximately 10 million rabbitfish fries are caught annually. That natural event supplies food for many people but its ecological impact can be devastating. Nature advocates started to strengthen their campaign for an eco-dialogue for this matter. Sea cucumbers are also abundant in many islets of the eastern coasts facing the Philippine Sea. Palumbanes (province satellite group of islands) has beaches with fine yellowish-white sand. It is also one of the most biodiverse marine zones of the island. However, coral reef exploitation has severely inflicted for the last 10 years on its waters. The local government and some sectors are already undergoing efforts to revive Palumbanes Island through building artificial reefs and employing fishing regulations.

Weather and climate[edit]

Climate data for Catanduanes

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 36 (97) 36 (97) 38 (100) 38 (100) 38 (100) 38 (100) 38 (100) 39 (102) 39 (102) 41 (106) 38 (100) 32 (90) 41 (106)

Average high °C (°F) 29 (84) 29 (84) 30 (86) 31 (88) 32 (90) 32 (90) 31 (88) 32 (90) 31 (88) 31 (88) 30 (86) 29 (84) 32 (90)

Average low °C (°F) 22 (72) 23 (73) 23 (73) 24 (75) 25 (77) 25 (77) 22 (72) 25 (77) 24 (75) 24 (75) 24 (75) 22 (72) 22 (72)

Record low °C (°F) 13 (55) 14 (57) 17 (63) 18 (64) 20 (68) 18 (64) 19 (66) 17 (63) 17 (63) 18 (64) 16 (61) 18 (64) 13 (55)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 265 (10.43) 175 (6.89) 143 (5.63) 119 (4.69) 157 (6.18) 221 (8.7) 188 (7.4) 178 (7.01) 189 (7.44) 288 (11.34) 369 (14.53) 327 (12.87) 2,619 (103.11)

Average rainy days 10 8 7 6 5 8 9 8 9 13 14 15 112

Source: http://www.myweather2.com/City-Town/Philippines/Catanduanes/climate-profile.aspx?month=1

Without a pronounced dry season, precipitation is distributed fairly well throughout the year becoming wetter in the last quarter into the early months of the first quarter, when tropical disturbances and monsoon winds especially the Northeast Monsoon
Northeast Monsoon
(Amihan) bring in heavy rains. Other months are characterized by short periods of dryer days and fine weather, except in July and August when the dry and gusty northwest monsoon winds intensify. Catanduanes' geographical position has it lying completely exposed to the Philippine Sea. Therefore, it is known as "Land of the Howling Winds" because it is frequently visited by tropical storms. Administrative divisions[edit] Catanduanes
Catanduanes
comprises 11 municipalities, all encompassed by a single legislative district.[5]

Municipality [i] Population ±% p.a. Area[5] Density Brgy. Total Income (₱)

(2015)[2] (2010)[6]

km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi

13°56′25″N 124°17′11″E / 13.9402°N 124.2865°E / 13.9402; 124.2865 (Bagamanoc) Bagamanoc 7000440000000000000♠4.4% 11,551 11,370 +0.30% 80.74 31.17 140 360 18 53,125,949.63

13°39′33″N 124°22′13″E / 13.6591°N 124.3704°E / 13.6591; 124.3704 (Baras) Baras 7000490000000000000♠4.9% 12,848 12,243 +0.92% 109.50 42.28 120 310 29 50,752,088.44

13°36′28″N 124°17′49″E / 13.6079°N 124.2970°E / 13.6079; 124.2970 (Bato) Bato 7000820009999999999♠8.2% 21,279 19,984 +1.20% 48.62 18.77 440 1,100 27 62,236,498.59

13°59′02″N 124°08′01″E / 13.9839°N 124.1337°E / 13.9839; 124.1337 (Caramoran) Caramoran 7001115000000000000♠11.5% 30,056 28,063 +1.31% 263.74 101.83 110 280 27 98,055,390.00

13°46′44″N 124°23′32″E / 13.7789°N 124.3921°E / 13.7789; 124.3921 (Gigmoto) Gigmoto 7000320000000000000♠3.2% 8,368 8,003 +0.85% 181.82 70.20 46 120 9 59,065,645.59

14°02′57″N 124°10′13″E / 14.0492°N 124.1702°E / 14.0492; 124.1702 (Pandan) Pandan 7000790000000000000♠7.9% 20,516 19,393 +1.08% 119.90 46.29 170 440 26 68,854,349.29

13°54′29″N 124°18′04″E / 13.9081°N 124.3010°E / 13.9081; 124.3010 (Panganiban) Panganiban 7000360000000000000♠3.6% 9,287 9,738 −0.90% 79.96 30.87 120 310 23 51,899,257.58

13°35′52″N 124°05′48″E / 13.5979°N 124.0968°E / 13.5979; 124.0968 (San Andres) San Andres 7001141000000000000♠14.1% 36,779 35,779 +0.53% 167.31 64.60 220 570 38 101,307,641.44

13°38′32″N 124°18′11″E / 13.6421°N 124.3031°E / 13.6421; 124.3031 (San Miguel) San Miguel 7000580000000000000♠5.8% 15,006 14,107 +1.18% 129.94 50.17 120 310 24 63,963,111.70

13°52′21″N 124°18′33″E / 13.8726°N 124.3093°E / 13.8726; 124.3093 (Viga) Viga 7000830000000000000♠8.3% 21,624 20,669 +0.86% 158.23 61.09 140 360 31 76,329,204.85

13°34′51″N 124°13′52″E / 13.5808°N 124.2310°E / 13.5808; 124.2310 (Virac) Virac † 7001282000000000000♠28.2% 73,650 66,951 +1.83% 152.40 58.84 480 1,200 63 185,097,730.28

Catanduanes 260,964 246,300 +1.11% 1,492.16 576.13 170 440 315 870,686,867.39

 †  Provincial capital      Municipality

^ The globe  icon marks the town center.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Catanduanes

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1903 39,410 —    

1918 63,530 +3.23%

1939 98,545 +2.11%

1948 112,121 +1.44%

1960 156,329 +2.81%

1970 162,302 +0.38%

1975 172,780 +1.26%

1980 175,247 +0.28%

1990 187,000 +0.65%

1995 202,464 +1.50%

2000 215,356 +1.33%

2007 232,757 +1.08%

2010 246,300 +2.08%

2015 260,964 +1.11%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[2][6][6][7]

The population of Catanduanes
Catanduanes
in the 2015 census was 260,964 people,[2] with a density of 170 inhabitants per square kilometre or 440 inhabitants per square mile. In May 2000, its total population was 215,356 with an annual growth rate of 1.42% from 1990 to 2000, and a population density of 142 per km2. Over the following 10 years, the average annual growth rate was 1.35%, increasing the population to 246,300 persons in the May 2010 census.[6] Almost all of the people of the province are natural born citizens. Naturalized citizens, most of which are Chinese, comprised only about one percent of the population.[8] The number of households totaled 41,019 with an average household size of 5.25.[4] Religion[edit] Roman Catholicism is the religion of the vast majority, comprising 97%[9] of Catanduanes' population. The remaining faith of the inhabitants is divided into the various Religious, Evangelical, Protestant groups such as Aglipayan Church, Baptists, Methodists, other Evangelical Christians, Mormons, Jehovah's Witnesses, Iglesia ni Cristo, Seventh-day Adventist as well as Moslems. Further information: Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Diocese of Virac Languages[edit] There are two variants of the Bikol languages
Bikol languages
native to this island province: Northern Catanduanes
Catanduanes
Bicolano and Southern Catanduanes Bicolano. The northern accent has a very pronounced letter "R" that becomes a diphthong of non-vowel letters "L" and "R" in the southern towns. In written form, the conventional mainland language like Central Bikol is used. Filipino, by virtue of being officially taught in schools and the affinity of most Bicolanos to it, is the second most common language and easily the most understood by most people. English is the normal medium used in primary communications. The use of the Spanish as a local language seems to have vanished after the turn of the early 21st century and so on. Sociolinguistics[edit] When the Spaniards came to the Philippines, Catanduanes, being on the Pacific Ocean side and on the very route of the galleon ships, was one of the first places they penetrated to propagate Christianity. The Spanish priests founded churches in every town. People from mainland Bicol also traveled to Catanduanes, specifically Caramoran which is directly across from Albay.

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The research of McFarland on the year 1974, the dialects of Bicol area, stated that until the advent of the twentieth century and the development brought about by modernization, Northern Catanduanes
Catanduanes
was quite isolated from mainland Bicol and Southern Catanduanes, resulting in less opportunity for contact between different groups. One probable reason why the Northern Catanduanes
Catanduanes
language variety is distinct from the Southern Catanduanes
Catanduanes
variety is that the mountainous terrain separating the north from the south acts as a barrier to community interaction. The lack of good roads and transportation arising from the terrain contributed to the present situation. Since the seaport is in Virac, Northern Catanduanes
Catanduanes
remained in isolation from other subgroups for quite some time. Furthermore, the inhabitants of Northern Catanduanes
Catanduanes
were the first occupants of the island to have been pushed northwards when immigrants from the mainland occupied the southern part of the island. This supports the closeness of the Southern Catanduanes
Catanduanes
variety to other Bicol subgroups while the Northern Catanduanes
Catanduanes
has more distinct features. Ethnic groups[edit] The predominant ethnic group is the Bicolano people. Migrants from other parts of Luzon, as well as Visayas
Visayas
and Mindanao, make up a minority as well. Few, who are of Chinese, Australian, American, and Spanish descent also live in the province. Government[edit]

Representatives of the Legislative District of Catanduanes

01st Congress - Francisco Perfecto 1946–1949

02nd Congress - Severiano De Leon 1949–1953

03rd Congress - Francisco Perfecto 1953–1957

04th Congress - Jose Alberto 1957–1961

05th Congress - Jose Alberto 1961–1965

06th Congress - Jose Alberto 1965–1969

07th Congress - Jose Alberto 1969–1972

Regular Batasang Pambansa 1984–1986

08th Congress - Moises Tapia 1987–1992

09th Congress - Leandro Verceles, Jr. 1992–1995

10th Congress - Leandro Verceles, Jr. 1995–1998

11th Congress - Leandro Verceles, Jr. 1998–2001

12th Congress - Joseph Santiago 2001–2004

13th Congress - Joseph Santiago 2004–2007

14th Congress - Joseph Santiago 2007–2010

15th Congress - Cesar Sarmiento 2010–2013

16th Congress - Cesar Sarmiento 2013–2016

17th Congress - Cesar Sarmiento 2016–2019

Catanduanes
Catanduanes
was historically a part of the Albay
Albay
province. On October 26, 1945, it was separated from Albay
Albay
and was declared an island-province throughf Commonwealth Act No. 687. When the island was still in transition to becoming a full-pledge province, it was headed by Lt. Governor Felipe Olesco Usero.[10] Gubernatorial elections for Catanduanes
Catanduanes
started in 1948. The People Power Revolution in February 1986 ushered in new leadership. Former Ambassador Leandro I. Verceles Sr. was appointed Governor of the province. In 1988, Governor Leandro I. Verceles Sr. ran for Governor and won the election. His term ended in 1992 when lost to Governor Rosalie A. Estacio. After Governor Estacio, Governor Severo C. Alcantara became the governor of the province in 1995. Gov. Alcantara did not run for re-election due to failing health. In 1998 Governor Hector S. Sanchez won the election. Governor Sanchez ran for re-election but lost to Governor Leandro B. Verceles Jr who became governor for two successive terms. In 2007 synchronized elections, Gov. Verceles run again for his third and last term for governor but lost to Governor Joseph C. Cua, who became governor from 2007 to 2013 for two successive terms but lost to Gov. Araceli B. Wong last May 2013 election. In the May 2016 election Gov. Cely Wong son Jardin Brian Wong lost to then Governor Joseph Cua as governor of the province.

Governor: Joseph Cua ( United Nationalist Alliance
United Nationalist Alliance
(UNA)) Vice Governor: Shirley Abundo ( Nationalist People's Coalition
Nationalist People's Coalition
(NPC))

List of then Governors[edit]

Alfonso Vera Usero (1948–1951) Jorge Vera Almojuela (1952–1959) Juan Molina Alberto (1960–1967) Vicente Molina Alberto (1968–1986) Leandro I. Verceles Sr. (1987–1992) Rosalie Alberto-Estacio (1992–1995) Severo Alcantara (1995–1998) Hector Sanchez (1998–2001) Leandro B. Verceles Jr. (2001–2007) Joseph Chua Cua (2007–2013, 2016–) Araceli Wong (2013–2016)

Provincial board members[edit] West District (1st District)[edit]

Rafael Zuniega (UNA) Giovanni Balmadrid (NPC) Jose Romeo Francisco (NPC) Natalio Popa (Independent)

East District (2nd District)[edit]

Arnel Turado (NPC) Joseph Al Randie Wong (Liberal Party) Lorenzo Templonuevo (NPC) Vince Villaluna (NPC)

Capitol building of Catanduanes

Congressional district(s)[edit] See also: Legislative district of Catanduanes The lone Legislative District of Catanduanes
Catanduanes
is the representation of the Province of Catanduanes
Catanduanes
in the Philippine House of Representatives. Catanduanes
Catanduanes
was represented as part of Albay's second district from 1907 to 1931, and fully comprised that province's fourth district from 1931 to 1946. It started electing its own representative in 1946, after becoming a full-fledged province in 1945. From 1978 to 1984 it was part of the representation of Region V.

Rep. Cesar Sarmiento (Liberal Party)

Economy[edit] The Island is the most progressive province in the Bicol Region
Bicol Region
in HDI ranking although it placed just a little −0.3 in the HDI National Average. The 2009 report of HDN (Human Development Network) which is a branch of the United Nations HDI (Human Development Index) listed the province is ranked 1st in the region or rank 20th at 0.630 HDI value (excluding Metro Manila) among Philippine Provinces HDI's. For reference, the province of Albay
Albay
ranked 2nd in the region or ranked 41st among Philippine Provinces HDI's (excluding Metro Manila) at 0.518 HDI value.[11] Agriculture, fishing, and tourism are some of the other main sources of employment on the island. Several handicrafts such as jewelry manufacturing and other small-scale industries also contribute to the province's economy. The province is rich in natural resources such as forests, waterfalls, rivers, mineral deposits and productive soil made fertile by volcanic ashes of distant Mayon Volcano. Rattancraft, fishing, buri hat and mat making, and abaca fiber craft are among the important industries of the island. Virac, the capital town of the island was among the top in terms of infrastructure in 2012 Most Competitive Municipality category according to the National Competitiveness Council
National Competitiveness Council
(NCC).[12] Industry[edit] The five major income sources of Catanduanes
Catanduanes
are the services, agriculture, and fishing, tourism, housing, and manufacturing industries. Cottage industry and manufacturing[edit] From 2001 through 2010, the Philippines
Philippines
production of abaca fiber ( Manila
Manila
hemp) averaged 65,701 mt per year and was decreasing at a rate of at least 0.8% per annum. The decrease was caused by the devastating typhoons in 2006, abaca viral diseases that continued to affect the plantations, and the dampened foreign demand brought about by the global economic recession beginning in the latter part of 2008, the most severe downturn since the Great Depression in the 1930s. Production reached its peak in 2008 at 77,387 mt as outputs of all producing regions, particularly Bicol, Davao Region
Davao Region
and Caraga, substantially increased during the period. This was primarily the effect of the incremental production from the abaca plantations established in 2005 and 2006 under FIDA's program Goal I "Development of New Agri-Business Lands" and the continued strong demand and attractive prices offered for the fiber by local traders, processors/manufacturers, and exporters. The abaca industry, however, suffered a setback in 2009 when fiber yield slumped to its lowest level of 54,584 mt due to the weakened market demand and falling prices as a consequence of the worldwide financial crisis. Catanduanes Island is the native habitat of the endemic abaca plant (a banana relative) which is globally renowned for its strong fiber. In fact, the Philippines
Philippines
FIDA (Fiber Industry Development Authority) declared the island as the highest abaca-producing province in 2010.[13] In 2009–2013, The Philippine Rural Development Program (PRDP) and the Department of Agriculture, Bicol Region
Bicol Region
had 39% share of Philippine Abaca
Abaca
production, emerged as the biggest produce while overwhelming 92% comes from Catanduanes
Catanduanes
the biggest abaca-producing province in the country. The home of the finest grade of abaca fiber. Lately, the indigenous abaca fiber, commonly called "pinukpok," produced and woven by the locals of Baras, Catanduanes, has now found its niche in the local and international fashion industry. This indigenous fabric has shown its versatility in the globally appealing designs and creations of famous fashion designer Dita Sandico-Ong. Until now wild type of abaca can still be found in the interior forests of the province which is often not cultivated. Despite having been ravaged by three super typhoons in the last two decades, Catanduanes
Catanduanes
has maintained its "abaca country" status as the top abaca fiber-producing province in the Philippines. In 2015 alone, the island's 12,789 abaca farmers produced 23,550 metric tons of raw fiber, comprising 40 percent of the total abaca fiber production nationwide. The local fiber harvest is even higher than the production of Ecuador, the second-biggest abaca producer in the world after the Philippines.[14] Agriculture and fishing[edit] Catanduanes
Catanduanes
mud crab industry is being supported by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Department of Science and Technology, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Department of Labor and Employment and Catanduanes
Catanduanes
State University. The provincial government is maintaining the Catanduanes
Catanduanes
Crab Center (CCC) which serves as a source of crablets for grow-out and fattening by fishpond operators. It carries out a special program for "queen" or "gravid" crabs designed to ensure the sustainability of the industry in the province, which originally owned the "crab capital of the Philippines" title. The province's mud crab industry is focusing on the production of female crabs that play an important role in marketing, particularly in Asian countries such as Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore. Tourism[edit]

Puraran Beach

The tourism industry in the province is growing relatively quickly despite the fact that the island experiences almost year-round typhoons, labeling the province as a "Typhoon Capital of the Philippines" with the tagline "The Land of the Howling Winds". Catanduanes
Catanduanes
is known for its beaches, prehistoric caves, quaint stone chapels and massive churches. Despite the typhoons, safe anchorage is provided by its many bays and coves notably Kalapalan, Gigmoto, Soboc, and Cabugao. Its Pacific coastline attracts surfers, particularly at Baras. The province features beaches with fine sand and coral formations and several caves which include the Luyang Cave. The PAGASA Weather Radar Station offers panoramic views of the environs, while the Museo de Catanduanes
Catanduanes
has a fine collection of artifacts. The ideal time of the year to visit Catanduanes
Catanduanes
is from the months of March to August when the weather turns dry. It is coolest and rainiest from October to the early part of January, hottest from March to May. The tourism industry in Catanduanes
Catanduanes
continues to receive a positive response from foreign and domestic travelers, with the Provincial Tourism Office recording an increase in tourist arrivals by 15.89% in 2014 compared to the previous year.[15] Based on the comparative data of travelers, 151,550 foreign and domestic tourists visited the island last year, or about 21,000 greater than the 2013 arrivals of only 130,766 visitors.[16] Tourist attractions[edit]

Puraran Majestic Wave Beach - One of the top surfing destinations in the Philippines
Philippines
today. It is home to “The Majestic Wave” that top surfers from all over the world visit during the surfing season, July to October. Binurong Point - It is one of the newest attractions the island of Catanduanes
Catanduanes
can offer. A Batanes/Ireland hills & cliffs look and feel. Saint John the Baptist Catholic Church – located in Poblacion, Bato near the Bato River. It is the only remaining structure of its kind in the entire island. The church is of interest not only as a mid-colonization Filipino-Spanish architecture but as a historical landmark. It was built under the polo system of forced labor for a total of 53 years under six different parish administrators. Started in 1830 and finished in 1883, Bato Church has withstood wars, calamities, and ravages of time. Holy Cross of Batalay Shrine – located in Batalay, Bato. It is the site where the first Catholic Cross was planted in Catanduanes
Catanduanes
and was built over the burial place of Augustinian priest Fray Diego de Herrera in 1576 who died in Batalay, Bato. Legend says that a spring water sprouted near the cross believed to have healing powers. It is a common belief that the cross presently enshrined in the Batalay Chapel is still the original cross planted more than 420 years ago. Batalay has been the center of annual religious pilgrimages from people of different places. The Holy Cross of Batalay is a Diocesan shrine with the right to hold a liturgical celebration on the last Friday of April every year. Our Lady of Sorrows Shrine – located in Batong Paloway, San Andres. The thumbnail-sized river stone bearing the mystical face of the Virgin Mary found on a river bank is believed to have grown in size over the years. At present, one can view the image with the bare eyes unlike before, when one had to use a magnifying lens. The image has drawn many devotees throughout the years and mass is heard every Friday afternoon as devotees flock the chapel regularly to pray the rosary and novenas. Every Lenten week celebration, people on Holy Thursday walk from Virac and as far as Batalay, Bato on a penitentiary pilgrimage to visit and pray to the Lady of Sorrows.

Amenia Beach Resort – Palawig, San Andres Balite Beach Resort – Balite, Virac Cathy's Spring Resort – Sagrada, Viga Hiyop Point – Hiyop, Pandan Loran Ruins – Panay
Panay
Island, Bagamanoc Luyang Cave Park – Lictin, San Andres Maribina Falls – Marinawa-Binanuahan, Bato Museo de Catanduanes
Catanduanes
– Santa Elena, Virac Nahulugan Falls – San Pedro, Gigmoto PAG-ASA Weather Radar Station – Buenavista, Bato Palumbanes Group of Islands – Palumbanes, Caramoran Soboc Cove – Soboc, Viga Twin Rock Beach Resort – Igang, Virac

Income[edit] Commonwealth Act No. 687, created Catanduanes
Catanduanes
as an independent province, however, it was Republic Act 7160 that gave Local Government Unit (LGUs) total independence in managing its administrative, fiscal, and development affairs in conformity with the national government thrust for sustainable social and economic growth.

City/Municipality Net Income (₱) - Excess of Income over Expenditures

% 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008

Bagamanoc 3% 12,159,948.53 10,373,499.67 8,482,676.71 4,974,085.04 3,804,297.75 3,843,096.19 2,458,606.77 3,016,002.07 2,303,697.97

Baras 10% 6,275,662.14 10,584,007.84 3,530,662.98 6,571,414.79 6,160,565.78 7,249,150.13 1,077,594.23 551,268.78 1,757,913.49

Bato 5% 9,468,010.03 11,514,525.16 845,240.72 2,137,125.34 1,520,971.11 7,899,628.80 2,440,068.40 1,424,805.41 5,220,687.57

Caramoran 5% 16,180,234.44 22,291,653.23 13,084,290.47 10,174,561.07 11,883,312.13 14,247,704.44 13,518,522.58 4,269,436.67 10,509,730.12

Gigmoto 10% 7,160,911.99 13,515,345.43 1,763,953.94 5,555,891.52 3,842,869.15 6,966,939.42 4,018,466.47 13,871,640.79 8,859,029.38

Pandan 1% 8,815,718.82 9,339,635.51 11,545,649.47 7,496,124.49 4,296,699.45 (385,172.00) 744,087.20 6,950,506.45 897,497.38

Panganiban 1% 5,296,322.46 5,494,166.06 5,313,654.40 (199,673.16) 90,091.55 3,657,795.24 1,307,549.75 2,780,884.94 92,581.98

San Andress 16% 21,200,786.83 9,736,925.56 5,948,335.89 5,764,879.43 4,303,611.38 7,533,642.62 5,529,314.99 7,973,981.85 3,985,009.20

San Miguel 5% 11,802,531.31 14,662,058.40 6,495,735.92 5,391,116.63 3,566,839.14 4,024,627.06 3,086,430.56 1,796,006.08 1,798,441.13

Viga 0% 13,231,342.00 13,131,043.90 5,615,779.18 5,458,965.98 6,905,366.25 8,637,630.77 6,998,678.15 5,197,946.70 3,837,319.97

Virac † 6% 71,878,079.61 55,968,919.52 37,956,214.02 25,946,530.92 15,227,139.30 27,690,280.96 17,239,600.35 13,454,576.5 19,594,677.2

 †  Provincial capital      Municipality

Culture[edit] Festivals and celebrations[edit] Catandungan Festival[edit] Catandungan Festival is an annual celebration of the island province. It is the anniversary celebration and tribute to its founders, to commemorate the provinces' independence from Albay. The main features of the festival are Street Dancing – Pantomina Dance, Beauty Pageant, Agro-Trade Fair, Sports Fest, Guided Tour, Surfing Cup, and Art/Photo Exhibits. It occurs every October 24–26. Abaka Festival[edit] Abaka Festival
Festival
is an annual cultural celebration of the province to recognize the importance of abaca in the local economy and to showcase its versatility as a major source of livelihood. Highlights of the festival are Padadyaw Ginamlangan or Padadyaw kan Abaka, Pinukpok Fashion Show, Urag Catandungan sports competitions, Kantang Catandungan or Musika kan Isla, Festival
Festival
Dance Competition, Binibini and Ginoong Bikol, Hagyan sa Kabitoonan and Jobs Fair. It occurs every 4th week of May. Folk festivals[edit] The folk festivals celebrated as part of the local religious rituals are with unique traces of the Spanish colonization. Among these festivals include:

Burak/Burac Festival
Festival
is a Viracnons’ celebration in honor of their patroness Nuestra Señora de Immaculada Concepcion. The capital town Virac is believed to have its name originated from “Burac”, a local term for a flower. Dinahit Festival
Festival
is a prime festival in the municipality of Pandan celebrated every April. The word Dinahit is a native sailing vessel used by the Austronesians to travel across the ocean to reach Pandan, the northernmost municipality of the province.[17] Festival
Festival
activities include street dancing, beauty pageant, trade fair, and different contests such as carabao race and boat race. Manok-Manok Festival
Festival
held annually as a town fiesta every 12th-13th of June, a celebration of the Bagamanocnon character, culture and way of life centered on the peculiarities of “manok” (chicken), the very word from where the name of the municipality was taken. Street dancing depicting the salient characteristics and movements of the chicken highlights the festival. Sugbo Festival
Festival
is celebrated by the seven barangays of Hitoma in Caramoran that produces sugbo or tiger grass, a bamboo-like perennial grass used to make brooms. Celebrated every month of May coinciding with the Hitoma barangay fiesta, it is being institutionalized with the support of the provincial government, LGU of Caramoran and national line agencies to promote the commercial development of the local lasa or tiger grass industry and to create signature products from tiger grass. Badas Festival
Festival
happened every year 10th of August. The festival captures the heroic character of the people of Baras. “Badas”, local term for wild rattan, was made into spears in olden times to ward of Moro raiders thus, emerging as an apt description of the indomitable spirit of the Barasnons. During the war they were the first in Catanduanes
Catanduanes
to resist the invading Japanese forces. Abacaco Festival
Festival
is an annual celebration in the 10th of June. It is about the nature’s beauty and agricultural abundance of the municipality. Abaca
Abaca
became a prime industry. The cacao gave sweetness to a family’s dining table. The coconut, which is the tree life, became part of their everyday life gave strength to the copra industry. Umasilhag Festival
Festival
Gigmoto's town festival of merrymaking and thanksgiving, happen every 14th-15th of the month of May. Kinis Festival
Festival
the Crab's capital Festival. The town of Panganiban was considered as Catanduanes
Catanduanes
Crab Capital for its 218.47 hectares of fishpond and its vast mangrove areas producing abundant supply of delicious and palatable mud crab well-liked for its taste, texture and nutritive value and even branded as the tastiest crab in Bicol. Highlighted with float parade with their princess of crab, exotic street-dance in their crab costumes and eat-all-you-can promo of their seafood menu especially steamed or cooked crab. It happen annually every 25th of July. Burunyogan Festival
Festival
“Burunyog” is an old Bikolano word for being united. Combining this to “Niyog” or coconut a unique name for our celebration was created. “Buruniyogan” gives importance to the benefits of coconut in the town of San Andres. Himuluan Festival
Festival
depicting the joys and hardships of the common traditional way of planting, harvesting, threshing, drying, airing and the like, himuloan festival gives the clear picture of how Viganons face hardships and bear uncertainties, how they survived and go on, with life despite the weather disturbances aggravated by the visit of amihan and even floods. Kagharong is a native depiction of The Nativity scene held annually during Christmas season. Pantomina is a native dance, popular on occasions of importance and mostly practiced in rural areas. It is a dance interpretation (pantomime) of a rooster courting a hen. Kalbaryo or Calvary, commonly staged during Holy Week, is a reenactment of the passion of Christ's way of the cross annually celebrated in the Municipality of San Andres during Holy Wednesday and Good Friday. Padadyao sa Tinampo is native cultural presentation of street dancing held every October 24 to commemorate the province's founding anniversary.

Fishermen from Catanduanes
Catanduanes
have always been linked to Benham Rise. Catandunganon people have been calling it Kalipung-awan (loneliness in an isolated place). Benham Rise is an integral part of Catandunganon culture. Rich marine resources are given by this marine biodiverse zone to Catandunganons. In fact, Catandunganons have long been celebrating this place even in their ancient folksongs, stories and poetry.[citation needed] Education[edit] Virac, the capital town, is the educational center in the province, hosting a number of schools specializing in various degrees. The most notable include the Catanduanes State University
Catanduanes State University
(CSU) with a campus in the northern town of Panganiban. It was established on June 19, 1971, through Republic Act 6341,[18] authored by Catanduanes Congressman Jose M. Alberto, which converted the Virac National Agricultural and Trade School into the Catanduanes
Catanduanes
State College. The college was elevated to university status in October 2012. Other notable schools include the Catanduanes
Catanduanes
Colleges (CC), Catanduanes
Catanduanes
Institute of Technology Foundation (CITFI), and Christian Polytechnic Institute of Catanduanes
Catanduanes
(CPIC). Senior High School[edit] The table below contains the list of public senior high schools published by the Department of Education or DepEd. Included on the list are the municipalities, school ID, school names, and program offerings.

School ID Name of School Year Est. Location District Education Programs Specialization

302072 Bagamanoc Rural Development High School 1972 Magsaysay St. Bagamanoc Bagamanoc South Senior High GAS & TVL Cookery, Bread and Pastry Production, Food and Beverage Services, Dressmaking, Computer Hardware Servicing, Animation, Electrical Installation and Maintenance

302076 Bugao National High School 1988 Magsaysay St. Bagamanoc Bagamanoc North Senior High GAS & TVL Aquaculture

302070 Agban National High School 1979 Agban Baras North Senior High GAS & TVL

302073 Baras Rural Development High School 1972 Osmena St., Baras Baras South Senior High GAS & TVL Animal Production, Artificial Insemination- Ruminants, Computer Hardware Servicing, Computer Hardware Servicing, Computer Programming, Cookery, Food and Beverage Services, Bread and Pastry Production, Electrical Installation and Maintenance

302074 Bato Rural Development High School 1974 Banawang St. Bato Bato East Senior High STEM, GAS & TVL Bread and Pastry Production, Cookery, Food and Beverage Services, Carpentry, Electrical Installation and Maintenance

500032 Cabugao Integrated School 2001 Cabugao Bato West Senior High TVL Animal Production, Artificial Insemination- Ruminants, Bread and Pastry Production, Wellness Massage, Food and Beverage Services, Housekeeping, Computer Hardware Servicing, Computer Programming, Electrical Installation and Maintenance

302081 Caramoran Rural Development High School 1972 Toytoy St., Caramoran Caramoran North Senior High GAS & TVL Bread and Pastry Production, Cookery, Food and Beverage Services, Dressmaking, Tailoring, Electrical Installation and Maintenance, Technical Drafting, Computer Hardware Servicing

302082 Caramoran School of Fisheries 1969 Zone6 - Inansagan Caramoran South Senior High GAs & TVL Aquaculture, Electrical Installation and Maintenance, Food (Fish) Processing, Horticulture

302102 Supang-Datag National High School 1967 Supang Datag Caramoran South Senior High GAs & TVL Bread and Pastry Production, Food and Beverage Services, Housekeeping, Wellness Massage, Carpentry, Plumbing, Shielded Metal Arc Welding

302106 Tubli National High School 1962 Sabangan, Tubli Caramoran North Senior High GAS & TVL Computer Hardware Servicing, Animation, Cookery, Bread and Pastry Production, Food and Beverage Services, Electrical Installation and Maintenance

302088 Gigmoto Rural Development High School 1972 Gigmoto Gigmoto Senior High GAs & TVL Bread and Pastry Production, Cookery, Food and Beverage Services, Carpentry, Computer Hardware Servicing, Technical Drafting

500033 Sicmil Integrated School 1938 Sicmil Gigmoto Senior High GAS

302094 Pandan School of Arts and Trade 1962 Pandan Pandan West Senior High GAS & TVL Animation, Technical Drafting, Beauty/ Nail Care, Hairdressing, Bread and Pastry Production, Carpentry, Electrical Installation and Maintenance, Shielded Metal Arc Welding

302094 Tabugoc National High School 1967 Panlilibon, Tabugoc Pandan East Senior High GAS & TVL Bread and Pastry Production, Food and Beverage Services, Bartending, Carpentry, Horticulture

309802 Cobo Integrated School 2009 San Juan, Cobo Pandan West Senior High TVL Agricultural Crops Production, Organic Agriculture, Dressmaking, Tailoring, Electrical Installation and Maintenance

302095 Panganiban National High School 1967 San Nicolas Panganiban Senior High GAS

309801 Panganiban NHS - CSU Campus 2001 Sta. Ana Panganiban Senior High GAS & TVL Agricultural Crops Production, Organic Agriculture, Animation, Technical Drafting

302078 Cabcab National High School 1989 Cabcab San Andres West Senior High GAs & TVL Bread and Pastry Production, Cookery, Food and Beverage Services

302091 Manambrag National High School 1977 Sta. Lourdes, Manambrag San Andres West Senior High GAS & TVL Carpentry, Horticulture

302092 Mayngaway National High School 1976 Mayngaway San Andres West Senior High GAS & TVL Bread and Pastry Production, Dressmaking, Beauty/ Nail Care, Computer Hardware Servicing, Broadband Installation- Fixed Wireless Systems, Horticulture

302096 San Andres Vocational School 1970 San Andress San Andres East Senior High STEM, ABM, GAS, HUMSS & TVL Computer Hardware Servicing, Technical Drafting, Hairdressing, Housekeeping, Bread and Pastry Production, Shielded Metal Arc Welding, Tailoring, Dressmaking

302098 San Miguel Rural Development High School 1972 District 1 San Miguel South Senior High STEM, GAS & TVL Animal Production, Artificial Insemination- Ruminants, Computer Hardware Servicing, Technical Drafting

302097 San Jose (Oco) National High School 1967 San Jose (Oco) Viga West Senior High

GAS & TVL

Cookery, Bread and Pastry Production, Food and Beverage Services

302104 Tambognon National High School 1988 Tambongon Viga East Senior High

GAS & TVL

Bread and Pastry Production, Cookery, Housekeeping, Carpentry

302107 Viga Rural Development High School 1972 San Vicente Pob. Viga West Senior High

STEM, ABM & TVL

Electrical Installation and Maintenance, Hairdressing, Bread and Pastry Production, Beauty/ Nail Care

Services[edit] Police services[edit] The Philippine National Police
Philippine National Police
in the province is composed of the local police force and the fire brigade's services. The province crime rate is 6.39 in 2006. Crime volume over the same period was 191.[citation needed] Media/Entertainment[edit] Local cable companies operate in most towns. TV repeaters allow access to Manila
Manila
broadcast stations. Satellite dish is a common site in rooftops of houses in remote areas. Power supply[edit] Electrical Power is supplied by power plants, a mix of diesel powered generators and hydroelectric turbines. Electricity is served on 24-hour basis to all the eleven (11) municipalities. Catanduanes
Catanduanes
has a 220-volt multi ground electrical system, Power distribution system run by FICELCO ( First Catanduanes
Catanduanes
Electric Cooperative ). The power company engage in power distribution in this island are NAPOCOR and SUNWEST.[citation needed] Transportation[edit] Air[edit] Virac Airport
Virac Airport
is the primary airport serving Catanduanes
Catanduanes
with scheduled flights to Manila. Sea[edit] From the seaport of Tabaco, MV Calixta 2, 4 and 5 travels to the port of San Andres. MV Eugene Elson and fast-craft service MV Silangan can travel in just one hour and a half which docks in the port of Virac. Land[edit] Overland, a 12-hour bus ride from Manila
Manila
to Tabaco, in Albay, is needed to cover the 580 km (360 mi) distance. Several ferry services in the Port of Tabaco offer connections to San Andres, which takes about 2½ hours, or to Virac Seaport, at 3½ hours, or at least 1½ hours for fast-craft service.[19] Numerous bus lines operate air-conditioned and ordinary buses and coaches travel from Manila
Manila
to Tabaco in Albay. Some of these buses are loaded to the Ferry for its final stop in the town of Virac. Transportation around the Island is provided by jeepneys, vans and bus for inter-town travel, while tricycles and pedicabs will take you around the towns. Private vehicles are also available for hire, which can take you to any point of the Island. Notable people from Catanduanes[edit]

Carmen Camacho – 1960s Philippine Kundiman Diva Bernabe Concepcion – a native of Rizal, Viga. Is a Filipino featherweight boxer. Jose Tomas Sanchez
Jose Tomas Sanchez
Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for the Clergy and Cardinal Priest from the Philippines Shalani Soledad – Politician and TV personality Francisco Tatad – former Senator of the Philippines
Philippines
(1992–2001) Mike Velarde – Tele-evangelist, Founder and Servant-Leader of El Shaddai DWXI-PPFI Salvador A. Rodolfo Sr. – a Filipino soldier who helped liberate the Island Province of Catanduanes
Catanduanes
in the Philippines
Philippines
from the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II. He was known in Catanduanes
Catanduanes
as "Phantom" or the "Man who Never Dies", based on the comic book hero The Phantom
The Phantom
created by Lee Falk in 1936. Don Trollano – a native from Gigmoto. He is a Filipino professional basketball player for the Rain or Shine Elasto Painters
Rain or Shine Elasto Painters
of the Philippine Basketball Association
Philippine Basketball Association
(PBA). Reil Cervantes – a native from Virac. Is a Filipino professional basketball player for Blackwater Elite
Blackwater Elite
in the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA). He was drafted 9th by Barangay
Barangay
Ginebra Kings in the 2011 PBA draft.[20] In 2014, He was drafted 2nd overall by Kia Sorento in the 2014 PBA Expansion Draft.[21] Leandro I. Verceles - Former Ambassador and Immigration Commissioner. The first Bicolano career diplomat. Joseph Santiago – then Congressman for 2 terms 2004 and 2007. He is a former executive of Pilipino Telephone Corporation. Serves as Commissioner of the National Telecommunications Commission, and From 1997 to 1998, he served as team manager of the Mobiline Cellulars professional basketball team in the Philippine Basketball Association. Atty. Jorge Sarmiento - Former President and Chief Operating Officer of the PAGCOR Rene Sarmiento - Former COMELEC Commissioner and current chairperson of non-partisan, non-sectarian non-profit organization PPCRV. Gina Vera-Perez de Venecia – She is the daughter of the famed star-builder of Sampaguita Pictures, then Doc Jose Perez and Azucena Vera-Perez. She is the wife of Jose de Venecia, Jr., Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
Philippines
from 1992 to 1998 and 2001 to 2008. John Arcilla – multi-awarded Filipino movie actor[22] and environmentalist.[23] Leandro Verceles Jr. Former Congressman and Governor. Principally authored Administrative Order 332 - House Resolution 890" directing all government agencies and units to undertake electronic interconnection through the Internet to be known as the "RPWEB". Among The Internet's 10 Most Influential Filipinos promoting E-Commerce. He launched the Catanduanes
Catanduanes
Internet Network (CATNET), the testbed of the Philippine Government Information Sharing Technology Network now (Government Network (GovNet)). Kyla
Kyla
– Melanie Calumpad Alvarez in real name. Kyla
Kyla
is a Filipino R&B singer-songwriter, producer, occasional actress and presenter dubbed as the Philippines' "Queen of R&B". Jose Tomas Sanchez
Jose Tomas Sanchez
Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for the Clergy and Cardinal Priest from Pandan Philippines Linda Estrella – a native from Pandan. Is a Filipina
Filipina
actress, one of the players of Sampaguita Pictures. Larry Que
Larry Que
- was a publisher and journalist killed after he had written an article linking government officials to a major drug seizure of methamphetamine.

See also[edit]

Islands portal Philippines
Philippines
portal

List of islands of the Philippines

Notes[edit]

^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2013.  ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ "Brief Historical Background". Catandungan; The Official Website of Catanduanes. Provincial Government of Catanduanes. Archived from the original on June 8, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2016.  ^ a b http://www.bicolperyodiko.com/index.php/catanduanes ^ a b c "Province: Catanduanes". PSGC Interactive. Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.  ^ a b c d Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ "Census 2000; Population and Housing; Region V" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority ( Philippine Statistics Authority
Philippine Statistics Authority
– Region V). Retrieved June 29, 2016.  ^ "Statictics; Catanduanes
Catanduanes
Demographics". Philippine Information Agency (PIA). Retrieved January 10, 2015.  ^ "Statictics; Religion in Catanduanes". Philippine Statistics Agency (PSA). Retrieved January 10, 2015.  ^ (October 6, 2016)Past Governors of Bicol. Retrieved from: https://biklish.com/2010/08/19/past-governors-of-bicol-catanduanes/ ^ "Ranking 2009; Human Development Index (HDI); Region V". Philippine Statistics Authority ( Philippine Statistics Authority
Philippine Statistics Authority
– Region V). Retrieved January 14, 2013.  ^ "Ranking 2012; Most Competitive Municipality; Philippines". National Competitiveness Council (NCC). Retrieved August 1, 2013.  ^ "Statistics 2009; Top Producer of Abaca
Abaca
Fiber; Philippines". Fiber Industry Development Authority (FIDA). Retrieved August 5, 2009.  ^ "Statistics 2015; Abaca
Abaca
Fiber Production; Philippines". Fiber Industry Development Authority (FIDA). Retrieved June 29, 2015.  ^ "Statistics 2014; Bicol Region
Bicol Region
Tourist Arrival; Catanduanes". Department of Tourism (DOT). Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ "Statistics 2015; Increase in Tourist Arrival; Catanduanes". Department of Tourism (DOT). Retrieved March 12, 2015.  ^ "Dinahit Festival
Festival
(Pandan)". Catandungan; The Official Website of Catanduanes. Provincial Government of Catanduanes. Archived from the original on January 7, 2013. Retrieved July 24, 2016.  ^ "Republic Act No. 6341 – an Act Converting the Virac National Agricultural and Trade School in the Municipality of Virac, Province of Catanduanes, to a State College to be Known as the Catanduanes State Colleges, and Appropriating Funds Therefore". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. June 19, 1971. Retrieved July 24, 2016.  ^ "Reaching Catanduanes". Catanduanes
Catanduanes
Island Promotion. Archived from the original on February 19, 2009. Retrieved July 24, 2016.  ^ http://www.pba-online.net/profile/Reil-Cervantes/446/ ^ http://www.rappler.com/sports/by-sport/basketball/63708-ildefonso-cervantes-pba-expansion-draf-kia-blackwater ^ " John Arcilla Awards". Who's Dated Who. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2016.  ^ Salamat, Marya (March 2, 2012). "John Arcilla, actor, environmentalist attends Peoples' Mining Conference". Bulatlat.com. Archived from the original on February 23, 2016. Retrieved July 24, 2016. 

References[edit]

NSCB-RD5

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps

Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Media related to Catanduanes
Catanduanes
at Wikimedia Commons Geographic data related to Catanduanes
Catanduanes
at OpenStreetMap Official website of the Provincial Government of Catanduanes DILG Regional Office No. 5 (Bicol Region)

Places adjacent to Catanduanes

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Catanduanes

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Virac (capital)

Municipalities

Bagamanoc Baras Bato Caramoran Gigmoto Pandan Panganiban San Andres San Miguel Viga Virac

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Masbate
City Sorsogon
Sorsogon
City Tabaco

Provincial Capitals

Daet Legazpi Masbate
Masbate
City Pili Sorsogon
Sorsogon
City Virac

Municipalities

Aroroy Baao Bacacay Bagamanoc Balatan Baleno Balud Baras Barcelona Basud Bato (Camarines Sur) Bato (Catanduanes) Batuan Bombon Buhi Bula Bulan Bulusan Cabusao Calabanga Camalig Camaligan Canaman Capalonga Caramoan Caramoran Casiguran Cataingan Cawayan Claveria Daet Daraga Del Gallego Dimasalang Donsol Esperanza Gainza Garchitorena Gigmoto Goa Gubat Guinobatan Irosin Jose Panganiban Jovellar Juban Labo Lagonoy Libmanan Libon Lupi Magallanes Magarao Malilipot Malinao Mandaon Manito Matnog Mercedes Milaor Milagros Minalabac Mobo Monreal Nabua Oas Ocampo Palanas Pamplona Pandan Panganiban Paracale Pasacao Pilar Pili Pio Duran Pio V. Corpuz Placer Polangui Presentacion Prieto Diaz Ragay Rapu-Rapu Sagñay San Andres San Fernando (Camarines Sur) San Fernando (Masbate) San Jacinto San Jose San Lorenzo Ruiz San Miguel San Pascual San Vicente Santa Elena Santa Magdalena Santo Domingo Sipocot Siruma Talisay Tigaon Tinambac Tiwi Uson Viga Vinzons Virac

Luzon, Republic of the Philippines

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  Administrative divisions of the Philippines

Capital

Manila
Manila
(National Capital Region)

Island groups

Luzon Visayas Mindanao

Regions

Administrative

I – Ilocos Region II – Cagayan
Cagayan
Valley III – Central Luzon IV-A – Calabarzon Mimaropa
Mimaropa
– Southwestern Tagalog Region V – Bicol Region VI – Western Visayas VII – Central Visayas VIII – Eastern Visayas IX – Zamboanga Peninsula X – Northern Mindanao XI – Davao Region XII – Soccsksargen XIII – Caraga CAR – Cordillera Administrative Region NCR – National Capital Region

Autonomous

Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

Provinces

Abra Agusan del Norte Agusan del Sur Aklan Albay Antique Apayao Aurora Basilan Bataan Batanes Batangas Benguet Biliran Bohol Bukidnon Bulacan Cagayan Camarines Norte Camarines Sur Camiguin Capiz Catanduanes Cavite Cebu Compostela Valley Cotabato Davao del Norte Davao del Sur Davao Occidental Davao Oriental Dinagat Islands Eastern Samar Guimaras Ifugao Ilocos Norte Ilocos Sur Iloilo Isabela Kalinga La Union Laguna Lanao del Norte Lanao del Sur Leyte Maguindanao Marinduque Masbate Misamis Occidental Misamis Oriental Mountain Province Negros Occidental Negros Oriental Northern Samar Nueva Ecija Nueva Vizcaya Occidental Mindoro Oriental Mindoro Palawan Pampanga Pangasinan Quezon Quirino Rizal Romblon Samar Sarangani Siquijor Sorsogon South Cotabato Southern Leyte Sultan Kudarat Sulu Surigao del Norte Surigao del Sur Tarlac Tawi-Tawi Zambales Zamboanga del Norte Zamboanga del Sur Zamboanga Sibugay

Cities

List of cities in the Philippines

Municipalities

List of cities and municipalities in the Philippines

Barangays

Lists of barangays by province Poblacion

Other subdivisions

Puroks Sitios List of primary LGUs Legislative districts Metropolitan areas

Historical

Former provinces Formally proposed provinces Negros Island
Negros Island
Region Southern Tagalog

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Major islands of the Philippines

Alabat Balabac Bantayan Basilan Biliran Bohol Bucas Grande Bugsuk Burias Busuanga Camiguin Cebu Catanduanes Culion Dinagat Dumaran Guimaras Jolo Leyte Lubang Luzon Masbate Marinduque Mindanao Mindoro Negros Olutanga Palawan Panaon Panay Polillo Samal Samar Siargao Sibutu Sibuyan Siquijor Tablas Tawitawi Ticao

See also Geography of the Philippines Island groups of the Philippines List of islands

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Philippines articles

History

Timeline

Prehistory (Pre-900) Archaic Era (900–1521) Colonial era (1521–1946)

Spanish period (1521–1898) American period (1898–1946)

Postcolonial era (1946–1986)

Third Republic (1946–65) Marcos dictatorship (1965–86)

Contemporary history (1986–present)

By topic

Archaeology Demographic Discoveries Economic history Inventions Military

Geography

Bays Biosphere reserves Climate Earthquakes Ecoregions Environmental issues Extreme points Island groups

islands

Lakes Landmarks Mountains National parks Protected areas Ramsar sites Rivers Volcanoes Wildlife World Heritage Sites

Politics

Government

Executive

President

Executive Office

Cabinet Civil service National Police

Legislature

Congress

Senate

Senate President President pro tem

House of Representatives

Speaker

Judiciary

Supreme Court Judiciary Court of Appeals

Law

Constitution Philippine legal codes Human rights

Intelligence

National Bureau of Investigation National Counter-Terrorism Action Group National Intelligence Coordinating Agency Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency

Uniformed

Armed Forces of the Philippines

Philippine Air Force Philippine Army Philippine Navy Philippine Marine Corps

Philippine Coast Guard

Administrative divisions Elections Foreign relations Political parties

Economy

Agriculture Business process outsourcing Central Bank Energy Fiscal policy National debt Labor Peso Stock Exchange Taxation Telecommunications Tourism Transportation Science and technology Water and Sanitation

Society

Corruption Crime Demographics Education Ethnic groups Health Income inequality Languages Poverty Provinces by HDI Refugees Religion Women

Culture

Architecture Art Cinema Cuisine Cultural Properties Dance Fashion and clothing Festivals Historical Markers Literature Media Music Mythology Public holidays Psychology Sexuality Sports Traditional games Value system

Symbols

Anthem Coat of arms Arnis Flag Name Narra Philippine eagle Sampaguita

Book Category Philippines
Philippines
portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 242719337 GN

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