Castelo Branco, Portugal
   HOME

TheInfoList




The city of Castelo Branco () is a municipality and former bishopric in
Castelo Branco District Castelo Branco District ( pt, Distrito de Castelo Branco ) is located in Central Portugal Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a country A country is a distinct territorial body ...
, in
Centro Region The Central Region ( pt, Região do Centro, ) or Central Portugal is one of the statistical regions of Portugal Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a country A country is a dist ...
, Portugal. The name means "white castle" in
Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal ** Portuguese cuisine, traditional foods ** Portuguese language, a Romance language *** Portuguese dialects, variants of the Portuguese language ** Portug ...

Portuguese
. The city of Castelo Branco is made up of 19
Freguesias ''Freguesia'' (), usually translated as "Parish (administrative division), parish" or "civil parish", is the third-level Administrative divisions of Portugal, administrative subdivision of Portugal, as defined by the Constitution of Portugal, 197 ...

Freguesias
(civil parish) with a population of 30,649 in 2001. The municipality has a total of 19 parishes. The population in 2011 was 56,109,Instituto Nacional de Estatística
/ref> in an area of , making it one of the largest municipalities in Portugal. It is bounded in the north by the municipality of Fundão, in the east by
Idanha-a-Nova Idanha-a-Nova () is a town and surrounding municipality in the district of Castelo Branco, in east-central Portugal Portugal (), officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=no ), is a country located on the Iberian ...
, in the south by Spain, in the southwest by
Vila Velha de Ródão Vila Velha de Ródão () is a municipality in the district of Castelo Branco in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 3,521,Proença-a-Nova and Oleiros.


History

Castelo Branco gets its name from the prior existence of a Luso-Roman
castrum In the Roman Republic The Roman Republic ( la, Rēs pūblica Rōmāna ) was a state of the classical Roman civilization, run through public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating ...
or fortified settlement called Castra Leuca, on the summit of the hill of Colina da Cardosa. The population grew on the slopes of this hill. Little is known of the history before 1182. There is, nevertheless, a document, from this date, mentioning the donation to the
Templars , colors = White mantle with a red cross A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two intersecting lines or bars, usually perpendicular to each other. The lines usually run vertically and horizontally. A cross ...
of a piece of land called Vila Franca da Cardosa, by a noble Fernandes Sanches. In 1213 it received its autonomy or foral and the name Castel-Branco appears for the first time.
Pope Innocent III Pope Innocent III ( la, Innocentius III; 1160 or 1161 – 16 July 1216), born Lotario dei Conti di Segni (anglicized as Lothar of Segni Segni (, ) is an Italy, Italian town and ''comune'' located in Lazio. The city is situated on a hilltop i ...

Pope Innocent III
confirmed this in 1215 giving it the name of Castelo Branco. It was around this time that the
Templar Knights , colors = White mantle with a red cross , colors_label = Attire , march = , mascot = Two knights riding a single horse , equipment ...

Templar Knights
built the walls and the castle. In 1510 a new foral was conceded by
Manuel I Manuel I may refer to: *Manuel I Komnenos Manuel I Komnenos ( el, Μανουήλ Α' Κομνηνός; 28 November 1118 – 24 September 1180), Latinized Latinisation or Latinization can refer to: * Latinisation of names, the practice of rend ...

Manuel I
and in 1642 the town acquired the status of Vila de Castelo Branco. In 1771 Castelo Branco became a city and a bishopric (see below) until 1881. In 1858 a telegraph line was opened between
Abrantes Abrantes () is a municipality in the central Médio Tejo subregion of Portugal Portugal (), officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=no ), is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula, in Southern Europe, s ...

Abrantes
and Castelo Branco and in 1860 the city received its first public lighting. In 1959 it became capital of the district of the same name.


Ecclesiastical History

Pope
Clement XIV Pope Clement XIV ( la, Clemens XIV; 31 October 1705 – 22 September 1774), born Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 19 May 1769 to his death in 1774. At the time of his ...

Clement XIV
created the diocese of Castelo Branco on 1771.06.07. On 1881.09.30 it was suppressed and its territory merged into the then
Diocese of Portalegre The Roman Catholic Diocese of Portalegre–Castelo Branco ( la, Dioecesis Portalegrensis–Castri Albi) has carried this name since 1956, when the historical diocese of Portalegre was renamed. It is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Lisbon. History ...
, which adopted its title, becoming the present
Diocese of Portalegre-Castelo Branco The Roman Catholic Diocese of Portalegre–Castelo Branco ( la, Dioecesis Portalegrensis–Castri Albi) has carried this name since 1956, when the historical diocese of Portalegre was renamed. It is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Lisbon. History ...
, and made the former
Cathedral of Castelo BrancoThe (Co-)Cathedral of Castelo Branco or Church of Saint Michael (archangel) ( pt, Sé de Castelo Branco, Igreja de São Miguel) is a Roman Catholic Latin Co-cathedral and former cathedral in Castelo Branco, Portugal, Castelo Branco, Portugal. It ...
, dedicated to St. Michael the Archangel, its Co-cathedral. It has had the following residential Bishops : * José de Jesus Maria Caetano, Dominican Order (O.P.) (1771 – death 1782.07.13) * Vicente Ferreira da Rocha, O.P. (1782.12.16 – death 1814.08.25) * Bishop-elect Patrício da Silva, Augustinian Order (O.E.S.A.) (1818 – 1819.05.03), later Metropolitan Archbishop of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Évora, Évora (Portugal) ([1819.05.03] 1820.02.21 – 1826.03.13), created Cardinal-Priest with no Title assigned (1824.09.27 – 1840.01.03), promoted Patriarch of Lisboa (Portugal) (1826.03.13 – death 1840.01.03) * Joaquim José de Miranda Coutinho (1819.05.03 – death 1831.04.06) * Guilherme Henriques de Carvalho (1846 – death 1857.11.15), also Apostolic Administrator of Roman Catholic Diocese of Portalegre, Portalegre (Portugal) (1846 – 1857.11.15), created Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria sopra Minerva (1854.11.30 – 1857.11.15); previously Bishop of Roman Catholic Diocese of Leiria, Leiria (Portugal) ([1840] 1843.04.03 – 1845.11.24), Patriarch of Patriarchate of Lisbon, Lisboa (Portugal) (1845.11.24 – 1857.11.15) * ?vacancy.


Places of interest

The most important monument in Castelo Branco is the Jardim do Paço Episcopal (Garden of the Episcopal Palace). It is one of the most beautiful baroque gardens in Portugal and contains statues of allegories, kings and zodiacal signs, arranged around ponds, terraces and staircases. File:Nt-se-castelobranco.jpg, Co-cathedral St.Michael File:15-DEZ-2008 C.BRANCO 04.jpg, City's Park File:Jardim_do_Paço Episcopal.jpg, City's Garden File:15-DEZ-2008 C.BRANCO 02.jpg, Museum "Francisco Tavares Proença Júnior"


Civil Parishes

Administratively, the municipality is divided into 19 civil parishes (''freguesia (Portugal), freguesias''): * Alcains * Almaceda * Benquerenças * * Cebolais de Cima e Retaxo * * * Freixial do Campo e Juncal do Campo * Lardosa * Louriçal do Campo * Malpica do Tejo * Monforte da Beira * Ninho do Açor e Sobral do Campo * Póvoa de Rio de Moinhos e Cafede * Salgueiro do Campo * Santo André das Tojeiras * São Vicente da Beira * Sarzedas * Tinalhas


Climate

Castelo Branco has a hot-summer mediterranean climate. Its summers are among the hottest of Portugal, influenced by its inland position. Winters are mild with cool nights, but frosts are rare and never severe. Inland areas further south in the country have hotter temperature extremes, although averages are very similar. There is somewhat of a seasonal lag in summer since September is significantly warmer than May in spite of less daylight. Winter temperatures are more consistent with the daylight cycle, since temperatures drop sharply in autumn months.


Economy

The city is home to ''Centauro'', a company which produces industrial coolers, refrigerators and freezers. The Portuguese subsidiary of Danone has a factory in Castelo Branco which produces Danone's dairy products for the entire Iberian Peninsula. The district of Castelo Branco is also famed for the Castelo Branco cheese. Delphi Packard is a major factory and the principal employer, with more than 1000 workers. The Factory makes automobile component for the most important automobile constructors like Ferrari. Shopping malls in Castelo Branco (Alegro and Fórum) File:15-DEZ-2008 C.BRANCO 08.jpg, Alegro shopping mall (South view) File:15-DEZ-2008 C.BRANCO 11.jpg, Fórum shopping mall in Castelo Branco (East view) File:15-DEZ-2008 C.BRANCO 14.jpg, Fórum shopping mall in Castelo Branco city (North inside view)


Education

Castelo Branco is home to the Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco, a state-run polytechnic (Portugal), polytechnic institute of higher education, comprising schools of agriculture, technology, management, education, art and health.


Transportation

Railways: Castelo Branco is the principal station located some up the Beira Baixa Railway Line from Entroncamento Municipality, Entroncamento to Guarda, Portugal, Guarda. It runs via
Abrantes Abrantes () is a municipality in the central Médio Tejo subregion of Portugal Portugal (), officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=no ), is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula, in Southern Europe, s ...

Abrantes
, Rodão, Castelo Branco and Fundão with services currently terminating at Covilhã some short of Guarda. Rail services are operated by ''CP - Comboios de Portugal'' (Portuguese Trains) and consist of three stopping trains (Regionais) and three fast trains (Intercidades) per day from Lisbon via Entroncamento. The fast trains take less than 3hours to reach Castelo Branco from Lisbon Santa Apolonia and Lisbon Oriente main stations. Stopping trains are considerably slower. From Entroncamento, the route branches off the Lisbon to Porto main line onto the Beira Baixa line following the mighty Tagus river crossing it twice on impressively long bridges. From
Abrantes Abrantes () is a municipality in the central Médio Tejo subregion of Portugal Portugal (), officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=no ), is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula, in Southern Europe, s ...

Abrantes
a series of reservoirs come into view. For lengthy stretches the single track clings to the NW flanks of the reservoirs providing exhilarating forested views as you speed along the waterside. The services are operated by comfortable and purposeful 'Iberian Gauge' (5ft6in) 25 kV electric multiple units. After passing through some deep gorges into Rodao station the line then heads north away from the river and on to Castelo Branco and finally Covilhã. From Covilhã northwards to Guarda trains were operated by more leisurely diesel motorcars. This scenic stretch of mountainous rural line provides the strategic last leg of the Beira Baixa Railway linking it to Guarda, Portugal, Guarda via Belmonte. However, in recent years it has been closed for modernisation and electrification. The partially completed works, originally due for completion in 2011, are sadly still on hold due to serious funding issues associated with the economy. This inconveniently cuts off otherwise direct rail options from Castelo Branco to destinations north of Covilhã.


Notable natives

*Amato Lusitano, a physician credited as one of the first discoverers of the circulation of the blood, was born here in 1511. *Francisco Caldeira Castelo Branco (1566–1619), Captain General, founder of the city of Belém, capital of Pará (Brazil), on January 12, 1616. Was Captain General of the Captaincy of the Rio Grande (now the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Norte), from 1612 to 1614, and the captaincy of Bahia, from 1615 to 1618. *Eugénia Lima, famous accordionist of Portugal, was born in Castelo Branco in 1926. *João Filipe Fazendas Vaz, sports journalist well known in Spain for his analysis and knowledge of football Lusophone.
Dr. José Lopes Dias
(1900-1976) physician, writer, historian and philanthropist, founder o
ESALD
an


See also

* List of Catholic dioceses in Portugal


References


Sources and external links


Municipality official website



Photos from Castelo Branco

Castelo Branco Virtual
Information on history, culture, demographics etc. (Portuguese)
Statistical Information about the Municipality

Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco


{{authority control Castelo Branco, Portugal, Cities in Portugal Populated places in Castelo Branco District Municipalities of Castelo Branco District