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The Info List - Carbonation


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Carbonation refers to reactions of carbon dioxide to give carbonates, bicarbonates, and carbonic acid.[1] In chemistry, the terms is sometimes used in place of carboxylation, which refers to the formation of carboxylic acids. In inorganic chemistry and geology, carbonation is common. Metal hydroxides (MOH) and metal oxides (M'O) react with CO2 to give bicarbonates and carbonates:

MOH + CO2 → M(HCO3) M'O + CO2 → M'CO3

In reinforced concrete construction, the chemical reaction between carbon dioxide in the air and calcium hydroxide and hydrated calcium silicate in the concrete is known as neutralisation. Henry's Law[edit] Henry's Law states that PCO2=KBxCO2 Where PCO2 is the partial pressure of CO2 gas above the solution. KB is Henry's Law Constant. KB increases as temperature increase. xCO2 is the mole fraction of CO2 gas in the solution. According to Henry's Law carbonation increases in a solution as temperature decreases.[2] General references[edit]

^ "Impregnation or treatment with carbon dioxide; conversion into a carbonate."Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2018.  ^ "Henry's Law". ChemEngineering. Tangient LLC. Retrieved 7 November 2017. 

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Organometallic chemistry

Principles

Electron counting 18-electron rule polyhedral skeletal electron pair theory isolobal principle π backbonding hapticity d electron count Spin states

Reactions

Oxidative addition
Oxidative addition
/ reductive elimination migratory insertion β-hydride elimination transmetalation carbometalation

Types of compounds

Gilman reagents Grignard reagents cyclopentadienyl complexes metallocenes sandwich compounds transition metal carbene complexes transition metal carbyne complexes

Applications

Monsanto process Ziegler–Natta process Shell higher olefin process olefin metathesis

Related branches of chemistry

Organic chemistry inorganic chemistry bioinorgan

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