The Info List - Camilo José Cela

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Camilo José Cela
Camilo José Cela
y Trulock, 1st Marquis of Iria Flavia (Spanish: [kaˈmilo xoˈse ˈθela]; 11 May 1916 – 17 January 2002) was a Spanish novelist, poet, story writer and essayist associated with the Generation of '36 movement. He was awarded the 1989 Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature
"for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man's vulnerability".[1]


1 Childhood and early career 2 Career 3 Legacy 4 Controversies 5 Death 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Childhood and early career[edit] Camilo José Cela
Camilo José Cela
was born in the rural parish of Iria Flavia, in Padrón, Province of A Coruña, Spain, on 11 May 1916.[2] He was the oldest child of nine.[3] His father, Camilo Crisanto Cela y Fernández, was Galician and his mother, Camila Emanuela Trulock y Bertorini, while also Galician, was of English and Italian ancestry. The family was upper-middle-class and Cela described his childhood as being "so happy it was hard to grow up."[3] From 1921 to 1925, he lived with his family in Vigo
where they ended up leaving in order to go and live in Madrid. It was here Cela was able to study at a Piarist
school. In 1931 he was diagnosed with tuberculosis and admitted to the sanatorium of Guadarrama
where he took advantage of his free time to work on his novel, Pabellón de reposo. While recovering from the illness he began intensively reading works by José Ortega y Gasset
José Ortega y Gasset
and Antonio de Solís y Ribadeneyra. The Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
broke out in 1936 when Cela was 20 years old and just recovering from his illness. His political leanings were conservative and he was able to escape to the rebel zone and enlisted himself as a soldier but was wounded and hospitalized in Logroño. Career[edit] The civil war ended in 1939 and Cela demonstrated his indecisiveness towards his university studies and ended up working in a bureau of textile industries. It was here where he began to write what would become his first novel, La familia de Pascual Duarte
La familia de Pascual Duarte
(The Family of Pascual Duarte), which was finally published when he was 26, in 1942. Pascual Duarte has trouble finding validity in conventional morality and commits a number of crimes, including murders, for which he feels nothing. In this sense he is similar to Meursault in Albert Camus's novel The Stranger. This novel is also of particular importance as it played a large part in shaping the direction of the post-World War II Spanish novel.

Camilo José Cela
Camilo José Cela
(right) in 1988.

Cela became a censor in Francoist Spain
Francoist Spain
in 1943.[4] Perhaps ironically, his best known work was produced during a period where his own writing came under scrutiny from his fellow censors, including La colmena (The Hive) which was published in Buenos Aires in 1951, having been banned in Spain.[5] The novel features more than 300 characters and a style showing the influence of both Spanish realism (best exemplified by Miguel de Cervantes
Miguel de Cervantes
and Benito Pérez Galdós) and contemporary English and French-language authors, such as Joyce, Dos Passos, and Sartre. Cela's signature style—a sarcastic, often grotesque, form of realism—is epitomized in La colmena. From the late 1960s, with the publication of San Camilo 1936, Cela's work became increasingly experimental. In 1988, for example, he wrote Cristo versus Arizona (Christ versus Arizona), which tells the story of the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral
Gunfight at the O.K. Corral
in a single sentence that is more than a hundred pages long. Legacy[edit]

Cela's arms as 1st Marquis of Iria Flavia (1996)

On 26 May 1957 Cela was appointed a member of the Royal Spanish Academy and given Seat Q. He was appointed Royal Senator in the Constituent Cortes, where he exerted some influence in the wording of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. In 1987, he was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for Literature. He was awarded the illustrious Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature
in 1989 "for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man's vulnerability".[6] In 1994, he was awarded the Premio Planeta,[7] although some question the objectivity of the awards, and winners on occasion have refused to accept it.[citation needed] Two years later, in recognition of his contributions to literature, Cela was ennobled on 17 May 1996 by King Juan Carlos I, who gave Cela the hereditary title of Marquis of Iria Flavia in the nobility of Spain. On his death the title passed to his son Camilo José Cela
Camilo José Cela
Conde. Controversies[edit] The Hive was first published in Argentina, as Franco's Spanish State banned it because of the perceived immorality of its content referencing erotic themes. This meant that his name could no longer appear in the printed media.[8] Nevertheless, Cela remained loyal to Francoist Spain, even working as an informer for the Spanish secret police by reporting on the activities of dissident groups[9][10] and betraying fellow intellectuals.[11] In his later years he became known for his scandalous outbursts; in an interview with Mercedes Milá
Mercedes Milá
for Spanish state television he boasted of his ability to absorb litres of water via his anus while offering to demonstrate.[12] He had already scandalized Spanish society with his Diccionario secreto (Secret Dictionary, 1969–1971), a dictionary of slang and taboo words. He described the Spanish Cervantes Prize for lifetime achievement as a writer as being "covered with shit"[13] but when he was offered it in 1995 he didn't turn it down. In 1998, he expressed discomfort towards the presence of homosexual groups at the commemoration of Federico García Lorca's centenary, stating that, "For me, I would prefer a more straightforward and less anecdotal commemoration without the support of gay groups. I have nothing against gays, I just do not take it up the ass".[14] Death[edit] Cela died from heart disease on 17 January 2002 at the Hospital Centro in Madrid, aged 85. He was buried in his hometown at the parish cemetery of Santa María de Adina.[15] His will was contested because he favoured his widow and second younger wife, Marina Castaño, over his son Camilo José Cela
Camilo José Cela
Conde from a previous marriage with Rosario Conde.[16]

15= María Margarita Jones See also[edit]

Journey to the Alcarria Café Gijón
Café Gijón


^ " Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature
1989". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.  ^ " Camilo José Cela
Camilo José Cela
- Biographical". www.nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2016-07-13.  ^ a b Eaude, Michael (2002-01-18). "Obituary: Camilo José Cela". the Guardian. Retrieved 2016-07-13.  ^ El censor censurado; cien añ0s de Camilo José Cela ^ The modern novel: Camilo José Cela: La colmena (The hive) ^ Nobel prize citation ^ Camilo José Cela ^ The Paris Review ^ Counterpunch Archived 2010-08-22 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Unearthing Franco's Legacy, p.15 University of Notre Dame Press, ISBN 0-268-03268-8 ^ Guardian 25Sep2004: Spanish novelist spied for Franco’s regime ^ Todos los títulos fueron suyos Archived 2007-10-07 at the Wayback Machine., Luis Ventoso, La Voz de Galicia, 18 January 2002. ^ La leyenda del gran provocador, Ángel Vivas, El Mundo, 18 January 2002. ^ Artículo homófobo sobre Lorca ^ BBC obituary ^ Viuda e hijo, enfrentados por su herencia

External links[edit]

Camilo José Cela
Camilo José Cela
on IMDb

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Camilo José Cela.

Camilo José Cela
Camilo José Cela
Foundation Valerie Miles
Valerie Miles
(Summer 1996). "Camilo José Cela, The Art of Fiction No. 145". Paris Review.  BBC obituary Biography of Camilo José Cela Camilo José Cela
Camilo José Cela
at Find a Grave The Nobel Foundation
Nobel Foundation
has a site on him, including speeches, biography and bibliography. Genealogy of Cela Family

Political offices

Preceded by Title jointly held Spanish Senator 1977–1979 Succeeded by Title jointly held


Preceded by Mario Vargas Llosa Rafael Lapesa Recipient of the Prince of Asturias Award for Literature 1987 Succeeded by José Angel Valente Carmen Martín Gaite

Preceded by Naguib Mahfouz Recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature 1989 Succeeded by Octavio Paz

Preceded by Mario Vargas Llosa Recipient of the Miguel de Cervantes
Miguel de Cervantes
Prize 1995 Succeeded by José García Nieto

Spanish nobility

New title Marquis of Iria Flavia 1996–2002 Succeeded by Camilo José Cela
Camilo José Cela

v t e

Laureates of the Nobel Prize in Literature


1901 Sully Prudhomme 1902 Theodor Mommsen 1903 Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson 1904 Frédéric Mistral
Frédéric Mistral
/ José Echegaray 1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz 1906 Giosuè Carducci 1907 Rudyard Kipling 1908 Rudolf Eucken 1909 Selma Lagerlöf 1910 Paul Heyse 1911 Maurice Maeterlinck 1912 Gerhart Hauptmann 1913 Rabindranath Tagore 1914 1915 Romain Rolland 1916 Verner von Heidenstam 1917 Karl Gjellerup / Henrik Pontoppidan 1918 1919 Carl Spitteler 1920 Knut Hamsun 1921 Anatole France 1922 Jacinto Benavente 1923 W. B. Yeats 1924 Władysław Reymont 1925 George Bernard Shaw


1926 Grazia Deledda 1927 Henri Bergson 1928 Sigrid Undset 1929 Thomas Mann 1930 Sinclair Lewis 1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt 1932 John Galsworthy 1933 Ivan Bunin 1934 Luigi Pirandello 1935 1936 Eugene O'Neill 1937 Roger Martin du Gard 1938 Pearl S. Buck 1939 Frans Eemil Sillanpää 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 Johannes V. Jensen 1945 Gabriela Mistral 1946 Hermann Hesse 1947 André Gide 1948 T. S. Eliot 1949 William Faulkner 1950 Bertrand Russell


1951 Pär Lagerkvist 1952 François Mauriac 1953 Winston Churchill 1954 Ernest Hemingway 1955 Halldór Laxness 1956 Juan Ramón Jiménez 1957 Albert Camus 1958 Boris Pasternak 1959 Salvatore Quasimodo 1960 Saint-John Perse 1961 Ivo Andrić 1962 John Steinbeck 1963 Giorgos Seferis 1964 Jean-Paul Sartre
Jean-Paul Sartre
(declined award) 1965 Mikhail Sholokhov 1966 Shmuel Yosef Agnon
Shmuel Yosef Agnon
/ Nelly Sachs 1967 Miguel Ángel Asturias 1968 Yasunari Kawabata 1969 Samuel Beckett 1970 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 1971 Pablo Neruda 1972 Heinrich Böll 1973 Patrick White 1974 Eyvind Johnson
Eyvind Johnson
/ Harry Martinson 1975 Eugenio Montale


1976 Saul Bellow 1977 Vicente Aleixandre 1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer 1979 Odysseas Elytis 1980 Czesław Miłosz 1981 Elias Canetti 1982 Gabriel García Márquez 1983 William Golding 1984 Jaroslav Seifert 1985 Claude Simon 1986 Wole Soyinka 1987 Joseph Brodsky 1988 Naguib Mahfouz 1989 Camilo José Cela 1990 Octavio Paz 1991 Nadine Gordimer 1992 Derek Walcott 1993 Toni Morrison 1994 Kenzaburō Ōe 1995 Seamus Heaney 1996 Wisława Szymborska 1997 Dario Fo 1998 José Saramago 1999 Günter Grass 2000 Gao Xingjian


2001 V. S. Naipaul 2002 Imre Kertész 2003 J. M. Coetzee 2004 Elfriede Jelinek 2005 Harold Pinter 2006 Orhan Pamuk 2007 Doris Lessing 2008 J. M. G. Le Clézio 2009 Herta Müller 2010 Mario Vargas Llosa 2011 Tomas Tranströmer 2012 Mo Yan 2013 Alice Munro 2014 Patrick Modiano 2015 Svetlana Alexievich 2016 Bob Dylan 2017 Kazuo Ishiguro

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 14767431 LCCN: n79058799 ISNI: 0000 0001 2121 3855 GND: 118667629 SELIBR: 180752 SUDOC: 027601609 BNF: cb11895715q (data) NDL: 00464378 NKC: jn19990001377 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV62212 BNE: XX829232 CiNii: DA01970