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Kamarina (Greek: Καμάρινα, Latin, Italian, & Sicilian: Camarina) was an ancient city on the southern coast of Sicily
Sicily
in southern Italy. The ruins of the site and an archaeological museum are located south of the modern town Scoglitti, a frazione of the comune Vittoria in the province of Ragusa.

Contents

1 History 2 The marsh 3 Remains 4 Gallery 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] It was founded by Syracuse in 599 BC, but destroyed by the mother city in 552 BC.[1] Its remains are today in the municipality of Ragusa. The Geloans, however, founded it anew in 461 BC, under the Olympic charioteer Psaumis of Camarina. It seems to have been in general hostile to Syracuse, but, though an ally of Athens
Athens
in 427 BC, it gave some slight help to Syracuse in 415–413 BC. It was destroyed by the Carthaginians in 405 BC, restored by Timoleon
Timoleon
in 339 BC after its abandonment by Dionysius' order, but in 258 BC fell into the hands of the Romans.[1] Its complete destruction dates from AD 853. The site of the ancient city is among rapidly shifting sandhills, and the lack of stone in the neighborhood has led to its buildings being used as a quarry even by the inhabitants of Gela, so that nothing is now visible above ground but a small part of the wall of the temple of Athena
Athena
and a few foundations of houses; portions of the city wall have been traced by excavation, and the necropolis has been carefully explored.[1] The marsh[edit] Just before the Carthaginians razed Kamarina in the 5th century BC, the Kamarinians were plagued with a mysterious disease. The marsh of Kamarina had protected the city from its hostile neighbors to the north. It was suspected that the marsh was the source of the strange illness and the idea of draining the marsh to end the epidemic became popular (the germ theory of disease was millennia in the future, but some people associated swamps with disease). The town oracle was consulted. The oracle advised the leaders not to drain the marsh, suggesting the plague would pass with time. But the discontent was widespread and the leaders opted to drain the marsh against the oracle's advice. Once it was dry, there was nothing stopping the Carthaginian
Carthaginian
army from advancing. They marched across the newly drained marsh and razed the city, killing every last inhabitant. The story of the marsh is told by the Roman geographer Strabo
Strabo
and repeated by Carl Sagan
Carl Sagan
in Pale Blue Dot. The story of the city is recounted by the latter author as a lesson: that action guided by fear and ignorance often intensifies the problems it seeks to ameliorate. Remains[edit] Modern remains are scanty. They include archaic tombs (seventh century BC) and ruins of a temple of Athena. Nearby are tombs of a necropolis from the fifth-fourth century BC. Part of the remains are now in the archaeological museum of Syracuse. The archaeological park includes the remains of a "Hamman qbel Jamaa" - public baths used before entering the mosque, one of only two known on the island.[2] Gallery[edit]

The House of the Altar

A part of the wall of the temple of Athena

Ruins of the temple of Athena

Agora

References[edit]

Archaeology portal

^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Camarina". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 80.  ^ http://www.ragusanews.com/articolo/22757/il-bagno-pubblico-di-mezzagnone

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Camarina.

Official website (in Italian)

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Magna Graecia

South Italy

Alision Brentesion Caulonia Chone Croton Cumae Elea Heraclea Lucania Hydrus Krimisa Laüs Locri Medma Metapontion Neápolis Pandosia (Lucania) Poseidonia Pixous Rhegion Scylletium Siris Sybaris Sybaris
Sybaris
on the Traeis Taras Terina Thurii

Sicily

Akragas Akrai Akrillai Apollonia Calacte Casmenae Catana Gela Helorus Henna Heraclea Minoa Himera Hybla Gereatis Hybla Heraea Kamarina Leontinoi Megara Hyblaea Messana Naxos Segesta Selinous Syracuse Tauromenion Thermae Tyndaris

Aeolian Islands

Didyme Euonymos Ereikousa Hycesia Lipara/Meligounis Phoenicusa Strongyle Therassía

Sardinia

Olbia

v t e

Archaeological sites in Sicily

Province of Agrigento

Heraclea Minoa Akragas

Valle dei Templi
Valle dei Templi
- Temple of Concordia - Temple of Heracles - Temple of Juno - Temple of Olympian Zeus

Province of Caltanissetta

Gela

Bosco Littorio Greek baths of Gela

Gibil Gabib Monte Bubbonia Polizzello archaeological site Sabucina Vassallaggi

Province of Catania

Aetna (city) Katáne Palike Sant'Ippolito (Caltagirone)

Province of Enna

Centuripe Morgantina Villa Romana del Casale

Province of Messina

Abacaenum Halaesa Naxos Ancient theatre of Taormina Tindari Villa Romana di Patti

Province of Palermo

Entella Grotta dell'Addaura Hippana Ietas Himera Pirama Soluntum

Province of Ragusa

Akrillai Hybla Heraea Kamarina Kaukana

Province of Syracuse

Akrai

Santoni

Casmenae Cava del Rivettazzo Colonne di San Basilio Helorus Netum Megara Hyblaea Syrakousai

Roman amphitheatre of Syracuse Altar of Hieron Ear of Dionysius Galermi Aqueduct Greek Theatre of Syracuse Grotta del Ninfeo Temple of Athena Temple of Apollo

Necropolis
Necropolis
of Cassibile Necropolis
Necropolis
of Pantalica Thapsos Villa Romana del Tellaro

Province of Trapani

Eryx/Erice Drepanum Halyciae Grotta del Genovese Monte Polizzo Motya Segesta Selinunte

Temple C Temple E Temple F Cave di Cusa

Roman furnac

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