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Cagayán (/kɑːɡəˈjɑːn/ kah-gə-YAHN) (Ilokano: Probinsia ti Cagayan; Ibanag: Probinsia nat Cagayan; Filipino: Lalawigan ng Cagayan) is a province of the Philippines
Philippines
in the Cagayan Valley
Cagayan Valley
region in the northeast of Luzon
Luzon
Island, and includes the Babuyan Islands
Babuyan Islands
to the north. The province borders Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
and Apayao
Apayao
to the west, and Kalinga and Isabela to the south. Its capital is the city of Tuguegarao. Cagayán was one of the early provincias that existed during the Spanish Colonial Period. Called La Provincia de Cagayan, its borders essentially covered the entire Cagayan
Cagayan
Valley, which included the present provinces of Isabela, Quirino, Nueva Vizcaya, Batanes
Batanes
and portions of Kalinga and Apayao. The former capital was Nueva Segovia, which also served as the seat of the Diocese of Nueva Segovia.[3] Today, only 9,295.75 square kilometres (3,589.11 sq mi)[1] remain of the former vastness of the province. The entire region, however, is still referred to as Cagayan
Cagayan
Valley. In 2013, Cagayán was host to the 27th (Survivor: Blood vs. Water) and 28th (Survivor: Cagayan) seasons of the American reality game show, Survivor.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Pre-colonial period 2.2 Spanish colonial period

2.2.1 La Provincia de Cagayan

2.3 American period 2.4 World War II 2.5 Post-war era

3 Geography

3.1 Administrative divisions

3.1.1 Barangays

3.2 Climate

4 Demographics

4.1 Endangered Languages

5 Economy

5.1 Tourism

6 Notable people from Cagayan 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Etymology[edit] Present-day chroniclers hold that the name was originally derived from the tagay, a plant that grows abundantly in the northern part of the province. The term Catagayan, "the place where the tagay grows" was shortened to Cagayan.[3] Perhaps more conventionally, etymological scholars hold that cagayan comes from an ancient word that means "river". Variations of this word—karayan, kayan, kayayan, and kalayan—all mean river.[3][4] History[edit] Pre-colonial period[edit] Cagayan
Cagayan
has a prehistoric civilization with rich and diverse culture. According to archaeologists, the earliest man in the Philippines probably lived in Cagayan
Cagayan
thousands of years ago. Evidences to this effect are now convincing beyond scientific doubt to consider it as an incontestable fact.[citation needed] In the classical era, Gattaran
Gattaran
and Lal-lo
Lal-lo
used to be the home of hunter-gatherers who specialized in hunting mollusks. These hunter-gatherers have stockpiled their leftover mollusk shells in numerous sites in Gattaran
Gattaran
and Lal-lo, until eventually, the shells formed into largest stock of shell-midden sites in the entire Philippines. From available evidences, the Atta or Negrito
Negrito
- a short dark-skinned nomad - was the first man in Cagayan. They were later moved to the uplands by the Malays who eventually became the Ibanags, Itawes, Yogads, Gaddangs, Irayas and Malawegs - the natives of Cagayan
Cagayan
- who actually came from one ethnicity. These are the people found by the Spaniards in the different villages along the rivers all over Cagayan. The Spaniards rightly judged that these various villagers came from a single racial stock and decided to make the Ibanag language
Ibanag language
the lingua franca, both civilly and ecclesiastically for the entire people of Cagayan
Cagayan
which they called collectively as the Cagayanes which later was transliterated to become Cagayanos. Even before the Spaniards came to Cagayan, the Cagayanos have already made contact with various civilizations like the Chinese, Japanese and even Indians, as evidenced by various artifacts and even the presence of minor to moderate foreign linguistic elements in the languages of the natives. Various other racial strains, mainly the Ilocanos, Pangasinenses, Kapampangans and Tagalogs, as well as Visayans, Moros and even foreigners like the Chinese, Indians, Arabs, Spaniards and others were further infused to the native Cagayanes to become the modern Cagayano that we know today. Cagayan
Cagayan
is also the site of a Wokou
Wokou
state when the Japanese pirate-lord Tay Fusa,[5] set up his Japanese pirate kingdom in Pangasinan
Pangasinan
before it was destroyed during the 1582 Cagayan
Cagayan
battles. Spanish colonial period[edit] In 1581, Captain Ivan Sabala arrived in Cagayan
Cagayan
with a hundred fully equipped soldiers and their families by order of Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñaloza, the fourth Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines. The expeditionary force was sent to explore the Cagayan
Cagayan
Valley, to convert the natives to Catholicism, and to establish ecclesiastical missions and towns throughout the valley. On 29 June 1583, Spanish conquistador Juan de Salcedo traced the northern coastline of Luzon
Luzon
and set foot on the Massi (Pamplona), Tular, and Aparri
Aparri
areas. La Provincia de Cagayan[edit] In 1583, through a Spanish Royal Decree, the entire northeastern portion of Luzon
Luzon
(specifically, all territories east of the Cordillera mountains and those north of the Caraballo mountains) including the islands in the Balintang Channel
Balintang Channel
were organized into one large political unit called the La Provincia de Cagayan. The provincia's territorial delineation encompassed the present provinces of Batanes, Isabela, Quirino, Nueva Vizcaya, including portions of Kalinga and Apayao. Its capital was Nueva Segovia (the present municipality of Lal-lo).[3]

The Nueva Segovia Church, the former seat of the Diocese of Nueva Segovia during the Spanish period.

The Spanish friars soon established mission posts in Camalaniugan and Lal-lo
Lal-lo
(Nueva Segovia), which became the seat of the Diocese established by Pope Clement VIII
Pope Clement VIII
on August 14, 1595. The see was moved in 1758 to Vigan
Vigan
because of its relative distance. The Spanish influence can still be seen in the massive churches and other buildings that the Spaniards built for the spiritual and social welfare of the people. In 1839, Nueva Vizcaya
Nueva Vizcaya
was established as a politico-military province and was separated from Cagayan. Later, Isabela was founded as a separate province on May 1, 1856, its areas carved from southern Cagayan
Cagayan
and eastern Nueva Vizcaya
Nueva Vizcaya
territories.[3] During the late 18th century, the New Spain
New Spain
government encouraged the expansion of trade and development of commodity crops. Among these was tobacco, and lands in Cagayan
Cagayan
became the center of a vertical integrated monopoly: tobacco was grown there and shipped to Manila, where it was processed and made into cigarettes and cigars. The development of the related bureaucracy and accounting systems was done under the leadership of José de Gálvez, who as visitor-general to Mexico
Mexico
from 1765 to 1772 developed the monopoly there and increased revenues to the Crown. He worked in the Philippines
Philippines
as Minister of the Indies from 1776 to 1787, constructing a similar monopoly there under Governor-General Basco y Vargas (1778–1787).[6] The Spanish development of this industry affected all their economic gains in the Philippines.[6] The establishment of the civil government of Cagayan
Cagayan
through the 1583 Spanish Royal Decree
Royal Decree
is commemorated in the annual Aggao Nac Cagayan celebrations of the Provincial Government of Cagayan
Cagayan
and its people.

An old map of Cagayan
Cagayan
during the 1918 Census

American period[edit] When the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1898, ending the Spanish–American War, the United States took over the Philippines. It influenced the culture, most notably in agriculture and education, as well as in public works and communications. A naval base also increased interaction between local Filipinos and American sailors and administrators. At the close of the 18th century, there were 29 municipalities in the province of Cagayan. After the Philippines
Philippines
came under American sovereignty in 1902, more municipalities were founded. Since then, due to centralization and shifting of populations, the number of municipalities is back to 29. World War II[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2015)

During the Second World War, with air raids by Japanese fighters and bombers, the province of Cagayan
Cagayan
suffered much destruction by bombing and later invasion. Japanese Imperial forces entered Cagayan
Cagayan
in 1942. While under the Japanese Occupation, several pre-war infantry divisions and regular units of the Philippine Commonwealth Army
Philippine Commonwealth Army
were re-established during the period on January 3, 1942 to June 30, 1946. They established general headquarters, camps and garrisoned troops in the province of Cagayan, and began operations against the Japanese Occupation forces in the Cagayan
Cagayan
Valley. This included sending troops to the provinces of Cagayan
Cagayan
and Isabela, and helping the local soldiers of the 11th and 14th Infantry Regiment of the USAFIP-NL, the local guerrilla fighters and the U.S. liberation forces. They fought against the Japanese Imperial forces from 1942 to 1945. The Battle of Cape Engaño
Battle of Cape Engaño
on October 26, 1944, was held off Cape Engaño. At that time American carrier forces attacked the Japanese Northern Force. This became the concluding action of the Battle of Leyte Gulf. The Japanese lost 4 carriers, 3 light cruisers and 9 destroyers. In 1945, the combined United States and Philippine Commonwealth ground troops, together with the recognized guerrillas, took Cagayan. Part of the action were the Filipino soldiers of the 1st, 2nd, 12th, 13th, 15th and 16th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 1st Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and the 11th and 14th Infantry Regiment of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines
Philippines
– Northern Luzon
Luzon
or USAFIP-NL from the Battle of Cagayan Valley during the Second World War.[further explanation needed]

Northern Luzon
Luzon
topographical map showing Cagayan

Post-war era[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2015)

The Hotel Delfino siege was a bloody coup attempt that took place on March 4, 1990, when suspended Cagayan
Cagayan
governor Rodolfo Aguinaldo and his armed men of 200 seized Hotel Delfino in Tuguegarao. They held as hostage Brigadier General Oscar Florendo, his driver and four members of the civilian staff, and several other people for several hours. The government launched a gunfight to kill Aguinaldo and his men. Killed in the action was one of Aguinaldo's men, Brig. Gen. Florendo and 12 others, with 10 persons wounded. Aguinaldo was slightly wounded but eventually escaped and hid in the mountains. Geography[edit] See also: Babuyan Group of Islands, Calayan Group of Islands, and Palaui Island

Situated within the Cagayan Valley
Cagayan Valley
region, the province is bounded by the Philippine Sea
Philippine Sea
on the east; on the south by Isabela province; on the west by the Cordillera Mountains; and on the north by the Balintang Channel
Balintang Channel
and the Babuyan Group of Islands. About 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the northeastern tip of the province is the island of Palaui; a few kilometers to the west is Fuga Island. The Babuyan Group of Islands, which includes Calayan, Dalupiri, Camiguin, and Babuyan Claro, is about 60 nautical miles (110 km) north of Luzon mainland. The eastern coast forms the northern portion of the Sierra Madre mountain range, while the western limits are generally hilly to low in elevation. The central area, dominated by a large valley, forms the lower basin of the country's longest river, the Cagayan.[3] The mouth is located at the northern town of Aparri. The province comprises an aggregate land area of 9,295.75 square kilometres (3,589.11 sq mi)[7] which constitutes approximately three percent of the total land area of the country, making it the second largest province in the region. Administrative divisions[edit] Cagayan
Cagayan
comprises 28 municipalities and one city divided into three congressional districts. It has 820 barangays. Tuguegarao
Tuguegarao
City (as of December 18, 1999) is the provincial capital, regional seat, and center of business, trade, and education.

 †  Provincial capital and component city      Municipality

City or municipality[A] District[7] Population ±% p.a. Area[7] Density Brgy. Coordinates[B]

(2015)[2] (2010)[8]

km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi

Abulug 2nd 7000270000000000000♠2.7% 32,497 30,675 1.10% 162.60 62.78 200 520 20 18°26′37″N 121°27′26″E / 18.4436°N 121.4573°E / 18.4436; 121.4573 (Abulug)

Alcala 1st 7000320000000000000♠3.2% 38,883 37,773 0.55% 187.20 72.28 210 540 25 17°54′09″N 121°39′24″E / 17.9024°N 121.6567°E / 17.9024; 121.6567 (Alcala)

Allacapan 2nd 7000280000000099999♠2.8% 33,571 31,662 1.12% 306.80 118.46 110 280 27 18°13′33″N 121°33′16″E / 18.2259°N 121.5545°E / 18.2259; 121.5545 (Allacapan)

Amulung 3rd 7000400000000000000♠4.0% 47,860 45,182 1.10% 242.20 93.51 200 520 47 17°50′14″N 121°43′24″E / 17.8371°N 121.7234°E / 17.8371; 121.7234 (Amulung)

Aparri 1st 7000550000000000000♠5.5% 65,649 61,199 1.35% 286.64 110.67 230 600 42 18°21′26″N 121°38′14″E / 18.3572°N 121.6371°E / 18.3572; 121.6371 (Aparri)

Baggao 1st 7000690000000000000♠6.9% 82,782 78,188 1.09% 920.60 355.45 90 230 48 18°16′16″N 121°40′48″E / 18.2710°N 121.6799°E / 18.2710; 121.6799 (Baggao)

Ballesteros 2nd 7000290000000000000♠2.9% 34,299 32,215 1.20% 120.00 46.33 290 750 19 18°24′36″N 121°30′55″E / 18.4100°N 121.5152°E / 18.4100; 121.5152 (Ballesteros)

Buguey 1st 7000250000000000000♠2.5% 30,175 28,455 1.12% 164.50 63.51 180 470 30 18°17′11″N 121°50′05″E / 18.2865°N 121.8347°E / 18.2865; 121.8347 (Buguey)

Calayan 2nd 7000140000000099999♠1.4% 16,702 16,200 0.58% 494.53 190.94 34 88 12 19°15′43″N 121°28′33″E / 19.2619°N 121.4758°E / 19.2619; 121.4758 (Calayan)

Camalaniugan 1st 7000210000000000000♠2.1% 24,923 23,404 1.20% 76.50 29.54 330 850 28 18°16′30″N 121°40′28″E / 18.2750°N 121.6744°E / 18.2750; 121.6744 (Camalaniugan)

Claveria 2nd 7000250000000000000♠2.5% 29,921 30,482 −0.35% 194.80 75.21 150 390 41 18°36′32″N 121°05′02″E / 18.6089°N 121.0839°E / 18.6089; 121.0839 (Claveria)

Enrile 3rd 7000300000000000000♠3.0% 35,834 32,553 1.85% 184.50 71.24 190 490 22 17°33′39″N 121°41′22″E / 17.5609°N 121.6895°E / 17.5609; 121.6895 (Enrile)

Gattaran 1st 7000470000000000000♠4.7% 56,661 54,848 0.62% 707.50 273.17 80 210 50 18°03′41″N 121°38′36″E / 18.0614°N 121.6433°E / 18.0614; 121.6433 (Gattaran)

Gonzaga 1st 7000320000000000000♠3.2% 38,892 36,303 1.32% 567.43 219.09 69 180 25 18°15′34″N 121°59′37″E / 18.2594°N 121.9937°E / 18.2594; 121.9937 (Gonzaga)

Iguig 3rd 7000230000000099999♠2.3% 27,862 25,559 1.66% 108.10 41.74 260 670 23 17°45′09″N 121°44′17″E / 17.7525°N 121.7380°E / 17.7525; 121.7380 (Iguig)

Lal-lo 1st 7000370000000000000♠3.7% 44,506 41,388 1.39% 702.80 271.35 63 160 35 18°12′05″N 121°39′39″E / 18.2015°N 121.6607°E / 18.2015; 121.6607 (Lal-lo)

Lasam 2nd 7000330000000000000♠3.3% 39,135 36,994 1.08% 213.70 82.51 180 470 30 18°03′52″N 121°36′05″E / 18.0645°N 121.6015°E / 18.0645; 121.6015 (Lasam)

Pamplona 2nd 7000200000000000000♠2.0% 23,596 23,236 0.29% 173.30 66.91 140 360 18 18°27′49″N 121°20′28″E / 18.4637°N 121.3412°E / 18.4637; 121.3412 (Pamplona)

Peñablanca 3rd 7000410009999999999♠4.1% 48,584 42,736 2.47% 1,193.20 460.70 41 110 24 17°37′32″N 121°47′07″E / 17.6255°N 121.7854°E / 17.6255; 121.7854 (Peñablanca)

Piat 2nd 7000200000000000000♠2.0% 23,597 22,961 0.52% 139.60 53.90 170 440 18 17°47′30″N 121°28′37″E / 17.7918°N 121.4770°E / 17.7918; 121.4770 (Piat)

Rizal 2nd 7000150000000000000♠1.5% 17,994 18,592 −0.62% 124.40 48.03 140 360 29 17°50′45″N 121°20′45″E / 17.8457°N 121.3458°E / 17.8457; 121.3458 (Rizal)

Sanchez-Mira 2nd 7000200000000000000♠2.0% 24,541 23,257 1.03% 198.80 76.76 120 310 18 18°33′33″N 121°14′05″E / 18.5591°N 121.2347°E / 18.5591; 121.2347 (Sanchez-Mira)

Santa Ana 1st 7000270000000000000♠2.7% 32,906 30,458 1.48% 441.30 170.39 75 190 16 18°27′27″N 122°08′33″E / 18.4576°N 122.1425°E / 18.4576; 122.1425 (Santa Ana)

Santa Praxedes 2nd 6999300000000000000♠0.3% 4,154 3,646 2.51% 109.97 42.46 38 98 10 18°33′47″N 120°59′24″E / 18.5631°N 120.9901°E / 18.5631; 120.9901 (Santa Praxedes)

Santa Teresita 1st 7000160000000000000♠1.6% 19,038 17,600 1.51% 166.98 64.47 110 280 13 18°14′55″N 121°54′33″E / 18.2487°N 121.9091°E / 18.2487; 121.9091 (Santa Teresita)

Santo Niño (Faire) 2nd 7000230000000099999♠2.3% 27,219 26,126 0.78% 512.90 198.03 53 140 31 17°53′02″N 121°34′09″E / 17.8838°N 121.5692°E / 17.8838; 121.5692 (Santo Niño)

Solana 3rd 7000690000000000000♠6.9% 82,502 76,596 1.42% 234.60 90.58 350 910 38 17°39′03″N 121°41′27″E / 17.6508°N 121.6907°E / 17.6508; 121.6907 (Solana)

Tuao 3rd 7000510000000099999♠5.1% 61,535 57,620 1.26% 215.50 83.21 290 750 32 17°44′05″N 121°27′19″E / 17.7346°N 121.4552°E / 17.7346; 121.4552 (Tuao)

Tuguegarao
Tuguegarao
City † 3rd 7001128000000000000♠12.8% 153,502 138,865 1.93% 144.80 55.91 1,100 2,800 49 17°36′45″N 121°43′58″E / 17.6125°N 121.7327°E / 17.6125; 121.7327 (Tuguegarao)

Total 1,199,320 1,124,773 1.23% 9,295.75 3,589.11 130 340 820 (see GeoGroup box)

^ Former names are italicized. ^ Coordinates
Coordinates
mark the city/town center, and are sortable by latitude.

Barangays[edit] The 28 municipalities and 1 city of the province comprise a total of 820 barangays, with Ugac Sur in Tuguegarao
Tuguegarao
City as the most populous in 2010, and Centro 15 (Poblacion) in Aparri
Aparri
as the least. If cities are excluded, Maura in Aparri
Aparri
has the highest population.[8] Further information: List of barangays in Cagayan Climate[edit]

Climate data for Cagayan

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 27.9 (82.2) 29.1 (84.4) 30.9 (87.6) 32.7 (90.9) 33.2 (91.8) 33.8 (92.8) 33.5 (92.3) 33.1 (91.6) 32.6 (90.7) 31.8 (89.2) 30.4 (86.7) 28.3 (82.9) 31.44 (88.59)

Average low °C (°F) 20.6 (69.1) 21.8 (71.2) 22.3 (72.1) 23.8 (74.8) 24.7 (76.5) 24.8 (76.6) 24.9 (76.8) 24.6 (76.3) 24.2 (75.6) 23.9 (75) 22.8 (73) 21.5 (70.7) 23.33 (73.97)

Average rainy days 8 4 3 2 6 6 7 8 10 9 11 11 85

Source: Storm247[9]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Cagayan

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1990 829,867 —    

1995 895,050 +1.43%

2000 993,580 +2.26%

2007 1,072,571 +1.06%

2010 1,124,773 +1.74%

2015 1,199,320 +1.23%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[2][8][8]

The population of Cagayan
Cagayan
in the 2015 census was 1,199,320 people,[2] with a density of 130 inhabitants per square kilometre or 340 inhabitants per square mile. The majority of people living in Cagayan
Cagayan
are of Ilocano descent, mostly from migrants coming from the Ilocos Region. Originally, the more numerous group were the Ibanags, who were first sighted by the Spanish explorers and converted to Christianity
Christianity
by missionaries, the reason why the Ibanag language
Ibanag language
had spread throughout the valley region prior to the arrival of the migrating Ilocanos. Cagayan
Cagayan
is predominantly Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
with 85%[citation needed] of the population affiliated and the Aglipayan Church
Aglipayan Church
has a very strong minority in the province.

Languages Spoken (2000)[10]

Language

Speakers

Ilocano

680,256

Ibanag

177,499

Itawit

84,382

Tagalog

28,961

Aside from Ilocanos and Ibanags, Malawegs, Itawits, Gaddangs, groups of nomadic Aetas, as well as families of Ibatans who have assimilated into the Ibanag-Ilocano culture make Cagayan
Cagayan
their home. More recently,[when?] a new group from the south, the Muslim Filipinos, have migrated to this province and have made a community for themselves. In addition to this, Tagalog-speaking peoples from Central Luzon
Luzon
and Southern Luzon
Luzon
have also settled in the area, as well as a few Pangasinans and Kapampangans from the central plains. Major languages spoken are Ilocano followed by Ibanag, Yogad and Gaddang. Ilocanos and Ibanags speak Ilocano with an Ibanag accent, as descendants of Ilocanos from first generation in Cagayan
Cagayan
who lived within Ibanag population learned Ibanag; same situation with Ilocano tinged by Gaddang, Paranan, Yogad, and Itawis accents when descendants of Ilocanos from first generation in Isabela who lived within Gaddang, Paranan, Yogad, and Itawis populations learned their languages. People especially in the capital and commercial centers speak and understand English and Tagalog/Filipino. Tagalogs, Ilocanos, and Ibanags speak Tagalog with an Ibanag accent, as descendants of Tagalogs from first generation in Isabela who lived within Ibanag population learned Ibanag. Endangered Languages[edit] There are two endangered indigenous languages in Cagayan. These are the Dupaninan Agta language (with less than 1400 remaining speakers) and the Central Cagayan
Cagayan
Agta (with less than 799 remaining speakers) language. Both of which are listed as Vulnerable according to the UNESCO
UNESCO
Atlas of the World's Endangered Languages. All remaining speakers of the language are part of the community's elders. Without a municipality-wide teaching mechanism of the two endangered languages for the youth where the languages are present, the language may be extinct within 3-5 decades, making them languages in grave peril unless a teaching-mechanism is established by either the government or an educational institution in the municipalities of Gattaran, Cagayan and Baggao, Cagayan.[11] Economy[edit] Agricultural products are rice, corn, peanut, beans, and fruits. Livestock products include cattle, hogs, carabaos, and poultry. Fishing
Fishing
various species of fish from the coastal towns is also undertaken. Woodcraft furniture made of hardwood, rattan, bamboo, and other indigenous materials are also available in the province.[3]

Fishing
Fishing
boat in Claveria

The Northern Cagayan International Airport
Northern Cagayan International Airport
is a planned airport in Lal-lo. The airport will be built to support the Cagayan
Cagayan
Special Economic Zone in northern Cagayan, which also serves seaborne traffic through Port Irene. The airport project will involve the construction of a 2,200-meter runway, with a width of 45 meters, following the standards of the International Civil Aviation Organization. Once completed, the planned international airport can accommodate large aircraft such as the Airbus A319-100
Airbus A319-100
and Boeing
Boeing
regional jets of comparable size.[12]

Tourism[edit] Since Cagayan
Cagayan
faces the Philippine Sea, an extensive shoreline sprawls along the northern coastal towns of Sanchez Mira,Pamplona, Santa Praxedes, Claveria, Buguey, Aparri, Ballesteros, Abulug, and the islands of Palaui, Fuga, and island municipality of Calayan. Sanchez Mira, Claveria, and Santa Praxedes
Santa Praxedes
have facilities for excursion stays while Fuga Island
Fuga Island
is being developed as a world-class recreation and tourism center. Activities include whale watching at the Calayan Islands, and scuba diving, snorkeling and fishing in Palaui Island
Palaui Island
of Santa Ana. The airstrip at Claveria could be used as a jump-off point to Fuga Island. The Sambali Festival is celebrated throughout the province in commemoration of its founding. Hotels include the Governors Garden Hotel, Hotel Candice, Hotel Roma and Hotel Kimikarlai all in Tuguegarao
Tuguegarao
City. Claveria is host to several scenic attractions which include: the Lakay-Lakay Lagoon, the rocky formation along the Camalaggaon Caves, the Roadside Park overlooking the Claveria Bay, Macatel Falls with its clear waters that run in abundance throughout the year, the Pata Lighthouse, and the Claveria Beach Resort along the white sand coasts.[13] Notable people from Cagayan[edit]

Juan Ponce Enrile
Juan Ponce Enrile
— Justice Secretary and then Defense Minister under the Marcos regime and President of the Senate of the Philippines from November 2008 to June 2013, until he resigned due to his involvement in the pork barrel scandal. Diosdado P. Banatao — entrepreneur and engineer working in the high-tech industry. Maja Ross Andres Salvador — a popular actress of ABS-CBN, born and raised in Brgy. Canayun, Abulug, Cagayan. Samuel Bagasin — retired general of AFP, former undersecretary of the Dept. of National Defense, from Nagrangtayan, Sanchez Mira, Cagayan. Eulogio Baluitan Balao — former Secretary of the Dept. of National Defense and former Senator of the Republic of the Philippines, from Tuguegarao
Tuguegarao
City.

See also[edit]

Callao Man Our Lady of Piat Malaueg Church Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Archdiocese of Tuguegarao Lal-lo
Lal-lo
and Gattaran
Gattaran
Shell Middens

References[edit]

^ a b "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2014.  ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region II ( Cagayan
Cagayan
Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ a b c d e f g Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; de Guzman, Rey (cartography) (1995). "The Provinces". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila: Tahanan Books. pp. 48, 49, 84, 118. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 16 January 2015.  ^ http://cagayandeoro.elizaga.net/Appendix/meaning-of-cagayan.html Etymology discussion Dr. Lawrence A. Reid, Researcher Emeritus of the Department of Linguistics, University of Hawai'i. ^ The Dutch Discovery of Japan: The True Story Behind James Clavell's Famous Novel SHOGUN by Dirk J. Barreveld (Page 308) ^ a b Jane Baxter, Chris Poullaos, Practices, Profession and Pedagogy in Accounting: Essays in Honour of Bill Birkett, Sydney University Press, 2009, pp.152-161 ^ a b c "Province: Cagayan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.  ^ a b c d Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ "Weather forecast for Province of Cagayan, Philippines". Storm247. Retrieved 31 January 2016.  ^ Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Cagayan, 2000 ^ http://www.unesco.org/languages-atlas/index.php ^ Business Mirror: 1B Airport
Airport
in Cagayan
Cagayan
"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-10. Retrieved 2011-11-23.  Retrieved November 23, 2011. ^ Paraiso Philippines: Cagayan, retrieved November 23, 2011.

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps

Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Cagayan
Cagayan
travel guide from Wikivoyage Media related to Cagayan
Cagayan
at Wikimedia Commons Geographic data related to Cagayan
Cagayan
at OpenStreetMap Official Website of the Provincial Government of Cagayan Philippine Standard Geographic Code

Places adjacent to Cagayan

Ilocos Norte Batanes
Batanes
/ Balintang Channel
Balintang Channel
( Luzon
Luzon
Strait)

Apayao

Cagayan

Philippine Sea

Kalinga Isabela

v t e

Province of Cagayan

Tuguegarao
Tuguegarao
(capital)

Municipalities

Abulug Alcala Allacapan Amulung Aparri Baggao Ballesteros Buguey Calayan Camalaniugan Claveria Enrile Gattaran Gonzaga Iguig Lal-lo Lasam Pamplona Peñablanca Piat Rizal Sanchez-Mira Santa Ana Santa Praxedes Santa Teresita Santo Niño Solana Tuao

Component city

Tuguegarao

Barangays

See: List of barangays in Cagayan

Articles related to Cagayan

v t e

Cagayan Valley
Cagayan Valley
(Region II)

Regional Center

Tuguegarao

Provinces

Batanes Cagayan Isabela Nueva Vizcaya Quirino

Independent Component City

Santiago

Component Cities

Cauayan Ilagan Tuguegarao

Provincial capitals

Basco Bayombong Cabarroguis Ilagan Tuguegarao

Municipalities

Abulug Aglipay Alcala Alfonso Castañeda Alicia Allacapan Ambaguio Angadanan Aparri Aritao Aurora Bagabag Baggao Ballesteros Bambang Basco Bayombong Benito Soliven Buguey Burgos Cabagan Cabarroguis Cabatuan Calayan Camalaniugan Claveria Cordon Delfin Albano Diadi Diffun Dinapigue Divilacan Dupax del Norte Dupax del Sur Echague Enrile Gamu Gattaran Gonzaga Iguig Itbayat Ivana Jones Kasibu Kayapa Lal-Lo Lasam Luna Maconacon Maddela Mahatao Mallig Nagtipunan Naguilian Palanan Pamplona Peñablanca Piat Quezon
Quezon
(Isabela) Quezon
Quezon
(Nueva Vizcaya) Quirino Ramon Reina Mercedes Rizal Roxas Sabtang Saguday San Agustin San Guillermo San Isidro San Manuel San Mariano San Mateo San Pablo Sanchez-Mira Santa Ana Santa Fe Santa Maria Santa Praxedes Santa Teresita Santo Niño Santo Tomas Solana Solano Tuao Tumauini Uyugan Villaverde

Luzon, Philippines

v t e

  Administrative divisions of the Philippines

Capital

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Manila
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Administrative

I – Ilocos Region II – Cagayan
Cagayan
Valley III – Central Luzon IV-A – Calabarzon Mimaropa
Mimaropa
– Southwestern Tagalog Region V – Bicol Region VI – Western Visayas VII – Central Visayas VIII – Eastern Visayas IX – Zamboanga Peninsula X – Northern Mindanao XI – Davao Region XII – Soccsksargen XIII – Caraga CAR – Cordillera Administrative Region NCR – National Capital Region

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List of cities in the Philippines

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List of cities and municipalities in the Philippines

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v t e

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