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CABBAGE PATCH KIDS are a line of soft sculptured dolls created by Xavier Roberts and registered in the United States
United States
copyright office in 1978.

As a 21-year-old art student, Xavier utilized the quilting skills he learned from his mother and the historic technique of "needle molding" to develop his own line of fabric sculptures. He called these hand-stitched, one-of-a-kind, soft fabric sculptures "The Little People". His Little People were not offered for sale, but were "adopted" each with their own individual name and birth certificate. Other soft sculpture dolls dating back to the 19th century were created using similar needle molding techniques.

The Little People were first offered at arts and crafts shows, then later at Babyland General Hospital
Babyland General Hospital
in Cleveland, Georgia . The doll brand went on to become one of the most popular toy fads of the 1980s and one of the longest-running doll franchises in the United States.

The name change to Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
was made in 1982 when Xavier's company, Original Appalachian Artworks, began to license a smaller version of the handmade creations to a toy manufacturer named Coleco. An abbreviated version of the discovery legend was reproduced on every Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
product from 1983 onward. Parker Brothers published the original story retitled "Xavier's Fantastic Discovery" in 1984 and two Albums that went Gold. The characters appeared in many other Cabbage Patch merchandising products ranging from animated cartoons to board games:

XAVIER ROBERTS was a ten-year-old boy who discovered the Cabbage Patch Kids by following a BunnyBee behind a waterfall into a magical Cabbage Patch, where he found the Cabbage Patch babies being born. To help them find good homes he built BabyLand General in Cleveland, Georgia where the Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
could live and play until they were adopted.

BUNNYBEES are bee-like creatures with rabbit ears they use as wings. They pollinate cabbages with their magic crystals to make Cabbage Patch babies.

COLONEL CASEY is a large stork who oversees Babyland General Hospital. He's the narrator of the Cabbage Patch Kids' story.

OTIS LEE is the leader of the gang of Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
that befriended Xavier.

CONTENTS

* 1 Production history

* 1.1 Coleco
Coleco
years * 1.2 International variations * 1.3 Hasbro
Hasbro
years * 1.4 Mattel
Mattel
years * 1.5 Toys "R" Us
Toys "R" Us
Kids * 1.6 Play Along Toys * 1.7 Jakks Pacific * 1.8 Wicked Cool Toys

* 2 Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
brand * 3 Porcelain
Porcelain
Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
* 4 Talking Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
* 5 Babyland General Hospital
Babyland General Hospital
* 6 Controversies and hoaxes * 7 Timeline * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links

PRODUCTION HISTORY

COLECO YEARS

The dolls attracted the attention of toy manufacturer Coleco
Coleco
, which acquired a license from Original Appalachian Artworks and began mass production in 1982. The Coleco
Coleco
Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
had large, round vinyl heads (originally of a different, hard plastic), and soft fabric bodies, and were produced from 1982 to 1989, many at a factory in Amsterdam, New York
Amsterdam, New York
. The first two years production was all from the Far East, with nine head variations produced and computer-matched with bodies to ensure each doll was "different". It was, in fact, a marketing ploy that worked quite well as a wide range of variations resulted. (Source: Larry Moniz, then senior account supervisor for the Coleco
Coleco
account at Richard Weiner Public Relations in NYC.) After Coleco
Coleco
filed for Chapter 11
Chapter 11
bankruptcy, the Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
were later mass-produced by other companies, including Hasbro
Hasbro
, Mattel
Mattel
, Toys R Us
Toys R Us
, Play Along , Jakks Pacific and currently Wicked Cool Toys .

At the peak of their popularity, the dolls were a must-have toy for Christmas
Christmas
. Parents across the United States
United States
flocked to stores to try to obtain one of the Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
for their children, with fights occasionally erupting between parents over the hard-to-find dolls. In later years, Coleco
Coleco
introduced variants on the original Cabbage Patch Kids, and derivatives of the original line of dolls continued to be marketed.

INTERNATIONAL VARIATIONS

In the 1980s when Coleco
Coleco
was producing the dolls for the North American market, the global craze was fulfilled by other companies:

* Jesmar Toy
Toy
Company made the dolls for the European Market, Including Spain, Italy and Germany. * Lili Ledy Toy
Toy
Company made the dolls for Mexico and South America. * Triang-Pedigree Toy
Toy
Company made the dolls for South Africa. * Tsukuda Toy
Toy
Company manufactured the dolls for Japan and Asia.

The Dolls manufactured by each of these companies, and along with the factories that produced the dolls for North America, produced dolls that were slightly different from one another. Dolls that were made for consumers in other countries than the United States
United States
hold a higher value in the eye of some American collectors.

HASBRO YEARS

Hasbro
Hasbro
took over the rights to produce Cabbage Patch dolls in 1988 as Coleco
Coleco
went bankrupt, and continued to make the dolls with various gimmicks, including dolls that played kazoos . Some of the more popular doll lines to come out under the Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
name included the "Birthday Kids", "Splash 'n' Tan Kids", and "Pretty Crimp and Curl". Hasbro
Hasbro
gradually began making the dolls for younger children, which led to smaller and smaller dolls. Although Cabbage Patch dolls were still best selling toys, Hasbro
Hasbro
never really revitalized the Cabbage Patch market. In 1994, Mattel
Mattel
acquired the licensing rights to the dolls from Original Appalachian Artworks.

MATTEL YEARS

In 1994, Mattel
Mattel
took over the Cabbage Patch brand , including production. The first Mattel
Mattel
babies and 'Kids hit the stores in 1995.

The Mattel
Mattel
Cabbage Patch dolls are not limited to cloth bodies and included dolls made from vinyl , which produced a more durable play doll. The Mattel
Mattel
dolls are mostly sized 14" or smaller, and most variants were individualized with a gimmick to enhance their collectibility, e.g. some dolls played on water-toys, swam, ate food, or brushed their teeth.

Some memorable Mattel
Mattel
lines include the updated Kids line of basic cloth dolls that came with birth certificates , the OlympiKids that were made to coincide with the 1996 Olympics , and the Cabbage Patch Fairies . Additionally, to celebrate the dolls' 15th anniversary, Mattel
Mattel
created a line of exclusively female dolls with a new molded fabric face, dressed in a custom outfits and packaged in collectible boxes. These were 16 inches tall, the same measurement of the first Coleco
Coleco
Cabbage Patch Kids.

TOYS "R" US KIDS

In 2001, retailer Toys "R" Us
Toys "R" Us
took over the Cabbage Patch brand from Mattel, producing 20-inch Kids and 18-inch babies, both with cloth bodies and vinyl heads. They were packaged in cardboard cabbage leaf seats. In 2001, the 20-inch dolls debuted in the Times Square
Times Square
flagship store. These were created to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the line, and were available both online and in stores around the US.

PLAY ALONG TOYS

The Toys "R" Us
Toys "R" Us
line lasted until Play Along toys obtained exclusive licensing rights to produce the Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
doll line. In 2003, Play Along launched a Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
25th Anniversary collection using some of the original head sculpts from the very first Coleco editions. Play Along also partnered with Carvel Ice Cream
Carvel Ice Cream
in a co-branding campaign. The resulting co-branded Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
were packaged with a Carvel-branded ice cream cone.

JAKKS PACIFIC

JAKKS Pacific acquired Play Along Toys and assumed the master toy licensee (c2011) for the Cabbage Patch Kids. Jakks introduced a 14-inch Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
Fashionality(TM) line and other Cabbage Patch Kid products. In 2013 Jakks Pacific released the Celebration edition to commemorate the 30th Birthday of the licensed Cabbage Patch Kids.

WICKED COOL TOYS

Wicked Cool Toys is now the current master toy licensee for the Cabbage Patch Kids.

CABBAGE PATCH KIDS BRAND

The original 1982 Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
license agreement with Coleco Industries was negotiated by Roger L. Schlaifer on behalf of Schlaifer Nance ">

Following Schlaifer Nance & Company's signing of Coleco
Coleco
Industries, SN">

TALKING CABBAGE PATCH KIDS

An extension to the line was the "Talking Cabbage Patch Kid" introduced by Coleco, equipped with a voice chip, touch sensors, a microphone, short range 49 MHz AM transmitter and receiver for communicating with other such dolls. Touch sensors in the hands enabled the toy to detect when and how it was being played with in response to its vocalizations. For example, the doll might say "hold my hand" and give an appropriate speech response when the touch sensor in either hand detected pressure. It also had a movement detector to show the positioning of the doll and whether it was sensed to be on its belly, back, or even upside down. A special plastic 'drinking' cup containing a hidden magnet, which could be identified with the aid a small reed relay in the built into the head of the toy above the mouth, to signify when it should be seen to be 'drinking'. A more remarkable effect occurred when one doll detected the presence of another through its 49 MHz AM transmitter/receiver. The dolls were programmed to signal their "awareness" of each other with a short phrase, e.g. "I think there's someone else to play with here!", and then to initiate simple conversations between the dolls themselves with enough randomness to sound somewhat natural. The joint synchronised singing of 'rounds' being particularly impressive. The inclusion of the microphone was to delay the search and communication with another of its type when the ambient noise was above a certain level.

BABYLAND GENERAL HOSPITAL

Babyland General Hospital
Babyland General Hospital
is the "birthplace" of Cabbage Patch Kids and is located in Cleveland, Georgia . Roberts converted an old clinic into a "hospital" from which to sell his dolls, originally called "Little People". The facility is presented as a birthing , nursery , and adoption center for the Cabbage Patch Kids. In accordance with the theme, employees dress and act the parts of the doctors and nurses caring for the dolls as if they are real. Babyland General moved to a new facility on the outskirts of Cleveland, Georgia in 2010 and has been voted one of the Travel Channel's top 10 toylands.

CONTROVERSIES AND HOAXES

See also: Cabbage Patch riots

Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
were parodied by the Garbage Pail Kids
Garbage Pail Kids
trading cards . The parody led Xavier Roberts to sue Topps
Topps
, the maker of Garbage Pail Kids, for trademark infringement .

One line of Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
dolls, the Cabbage Patch Snacktime Kids, was designed to "eat" plastic snacks. The mechanism enabling this was a pair of one-way smooth metal rollers behind plastic lips. The snacks would exit the doll's back and "magically" appear into a backpack. The mechanism could be de-activated by releasing the backpack. They were extremely popular during Christmas
Christmas
1996. The line was voluntarily withdrawn from the market following an agreement between Mattel
Mattel
and the Consumer Product Safety Commission
Consumer Product Safety Commission
in January 1997 following several incidents where children got their fingers or hair stuck in the dolls' mouths leading to safety warnings from Connecticut's consumer protection commissioner, Mark Shiffrin.

TIMELINE

* 1978: The first "Little People Originals" were delivered by Xavier Roberts, who incorporated Original Appalachian Artworks, Inc. * 1981: There was coverage of the dolls' popularity in Newsweek
Newsweek
, The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal
, and Atlanta Weekly . * 1982: Original Appalachian Artworks, Inc. signed a long term licensing agreement with Coleco
Coleco
Industries to produce the dolls in August 1982. * 1983: Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
were introduced with great fanfare at the International Toy
Toy
Fair in NYC. By October, riots were occurring in stores around the country. The dolls made the cover of Newsweek
Newsweek
before Christmas
Christmas
and stories of their success were heralded around the world. * 1984: Sales for Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
branded products, from toys to children's apparel, came close to the record setting $2 billion mark. The CPK record produced by the Chapin Brothers for Parker Brothers ' music went Gold and Platinum . The video game Cabbage Patch Kids: Adventures in the Park was released. * 1985: Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
low-sugar breakfast cereal and real children's character art diapers were introduced. The Cabbage Patch Kids Christmas
Christmas
Special
Special
was number one in its time slot on ABC. * 1986: The first talking Cabbage Patch Kids. * 1988: Coleco
Coleco
Industries, filed for bankruptcy, but dolls continued to be made, with the licensing rights being granted to Hasbro Industries and later to Mattel
Mattel
. * 1992: Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
were named the official mascot of the 1992 US Olympic team and members of the team were given their own dolls to take to the games. * 1996: The Cabbage Patch Snacktime Kids were released. * 1999: By popular vote the dolls were selected as one of the 15 commemorative US postage stamps representing the 1980s.They were voted fifth behind E.T ,Washington's Vietnam Veterans Memorial,The end of the Berlin Wall and Video Games. * 2008: All US Presidential and Vice Presidential Candidates had their own Cabbage Patch Kids. Barack Obama
Barack Obama
was depicted with a blue suit. John McCain
John McCain
was depicted in a suit with grey hair. Joe Biden
Joe Biden
was also depicted in a suit with his hair slicked up. Sarah Palin was depicted in a trademark suit and skirt with high heeled pumps. Also, Palin's signature hair and eyeglasses were featured.

REFERENCES

* ^ https://www.yahoo.com/parenting/the-cabbage-patch-kids-twisted-history-117266351832.html * ^ "Our History". Babyland General Hospital. Archived from the original on February 18, 2008. Retrieved February 22, 2008. * ^ "Top 10 Toy
Toy
Crazes". Time. 2009-12-14. Retrieved 2010-03-03. * ^ "Cleveland\'s Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
turn 25". AccessNorthGA.com. 2008-09-07. Retrieved 2010-08-07. * ^ "Cabbage Patch Doll
Doll
Maker Is Bankrupt". Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
. 1988-07-12. Retrieved 2013-11-12. * ^ DeMott, John S.; Bureaus, Other; Byrnes, Rosemary (1984-12-10). "Booming Sales in Toyland". Time. Retrieved 2010-03-03. * ^ "TOYS: Trouble in the Cabbage Patch". Time. 1988-05-16. Retrieved 2010-03-03. * ^ "Collector information, identification - My Cabbage Patch Kids". Mycpkcollection.weebly.com. Retrieved 2016-03-19. * ^ "Archive » Wicked Cool Toys adopts Cabbage Patch Kids". Kidscreen. 2015-02-10. Retrieved 2016-03-19. * ^ "Harry Potter: The Story of a Global Business Phenomenon". Susan Gunelius. ISBN 978-0-230-59410-4 . Retrieved August 31, 2016. * ^ "Copyrights: Trouble in the Garbage Pail". Time. 1986-03-17. Retrieved 2010-03-03. * ^ "AROUND THE NATION; Judge Rules in Case Of Garbage Pail Kids". The New York Times. 1986-08-30. Retrieved 2010-08-07. * ^ "$40 Refund Is Offered for Hair-Eating Dolls". The New York Times. 1997-01-07. Retrieved 2010-08-07. * ^ " Mattel
Mattel
and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission Announce Voluntary Refund Program for Cabbage Patch Kids
Cabbage Patch Kids
& Snacktime Kids Dolls". United States
United States
Consumer Product Safety Commission
Consumer Product Safety Commission
. 1997-01-06. Retrieved February 22, 2008. * ^ "Americans Pick Stamp Symbol For \'80s: Video Games". Post-Tribune . April 14, 1999. Retrieved November 5, 2016 – via HighBeam Research . (Subscription required.) * ^ " Sarah Palin becomes a Cabbage Patch Kid". MSNBC. Retrieved 2010-03-03.

FURTHER READING

* Hoffman, William (1984). Fantasy: The Incredible Cabbage Patch Phenomenon. Dallas: Taylor Publishing. ISBN 9780878333868 . OCLC 10996773 .

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