CABLE NEWS NETWORK (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite
television news channel owned by the
Turner Broadcasting System , a
Time Warner .
CNN was founded in 1980 by American media
Ted Turner as a 24-hour cable news channel. Upon its
CNN was the first television channel to provide 24-hour news
coverage , and was the first all-news television channel in the
While the news channel has numerous affiliates ,
broadcasts from the
Time Warner Center in
New York City
New York City , and studios
Washington, D.C. and
Los Angeles . Its headquarters at the CNN
Atlanta is only used for weekend programming.
sometimes referred to as CNN/U.S. (or
CNN DOMESTIC ) to distinguish
the American channel from its international sister network, CNN
International . As of August 2010,
CNN is available in over 100
million U.S. households. Broadcast coverage of the U.S. channel
extends to over 890,000 American hotel rooms, as well as carriage on
cable and satellite providers throughout
Canada . Globally, CNN
programming airs through
CNN International, which can be seen by
viewers in over 212 countries and territories.
As of July 2015,
CNN is available to about 96,374,000 cable,
satellite, and telco television households (82.8% of households with
at least one television set) in the United States.
* 1 History
* 1.1 Early history
* 1.2 Major events
September 11 attacks
September 11 attacks
* 1.2.3 2008 U.S. election
* 1.2.4 2016 U.S. election
* 1.3 Acquisition of
Time Warner by AT"> Replica of the newsroom
The first Persian
Gulf War in 1991 was a watershed event for
catapulted the channel past the "Big Three " American networks for the
first time in its history, largely due to an unprecedented, historical
CNN was the only news outlet with the ability to communicate
Iraq during the initial hours of the Coalition bombing
campaign, with live reports from the al-Rashid Hotel in
reporters Bernard Shaw,
John Holliman and
Peter Arnett .
Operation Desert Storm as captured live on a
CNN night vision camera
with reporters narrating.
The moment when bombing began was announced on
CNN by Shaw on January
16, 1991, as follows:
This is Bernie Shaw. Something is happening outside. ... Peter
Arnett, join me here. Let's describe to our viewers what we're
seeing... The skies over
Baghdad have been illuminated. ... We're
seeing bright flashes going off all over the sky.
Because it was unable to immediately broadcast live pictures from
Baghdad, CNN's coverage of the initial hours of the
Gulf War had the
dramatic feel of a radio broadcast – and was compared to legendary
CBS news anchor
Edward R. Murrow 's gripping live radio reports of the
German bombing of
World War II
World War II . Despite the lack of
live pictures, CNN's coverage was carried by television stations and
networks around the world, resulting in
CNN being watched by over a
billion viewers worldwide.
Gulf War experience brought
CNN some much sought-after legitimacy
and made household names of previously obscure reporters. In 2000,
media scholar and director of the Center for the Study of Popular
Syracuse University , Robert Thompson , stated that
having turned 20,
CNN was now the "old guard." Shaw, known for his
live-from-Bagdhad reporting during the Gulf War, became CNN's chief
anchor until his retirement in 2001. Others include then-Pentagon
Wolf Blitzer (now host of _The Situation Room _) and
Christiane Amanpour . Amanpour's presence
Iraq was caricatured by actress
Nora Dunn in the role of the
ruthless reporter Adriana Cruz in the 1999 film _Three Kings _. Time
Warner-owned sister network
HBO later produced a television movie ,
Baghdad _, about CNN's coverage of the first Gulf War.
Coverage of the first
Gulf War and other crises of the early 1990s
(particularly the infamous Battle of Mogadishu ) led officials at the
Pentagon to coin the term "the
CNN effect " to describe the perceived
impact of real time , 24-hour news coverage on the decision-making
processes of the American government .
September 11 Attacks
CNN was the first cable news channel to break the news of the
September 11 attacks
September 11 attacks . Anchor
Carol Lin was on the air to deliver the
first public report of the event. She broke into a commercial at 8:49
a.m. Eastern Time that morning and said:
This just in. You are looking at obviously a very disturbing live
shot there. That is the World Trade Center , and we have unconfirmed
reports this morning that a plane has crashed into one of the towers
of the World Trade Center.
CNN Center right now is just beginning to
work on this story, obviously calling our sources and trying to figure
out exactly what happened, but clearly something relatively
devastating happening this morning there on the south end of the
Manhattan . That is once again, a picture of one of the
towers of the World Trade Center.
CNN vice president of finance and administration, was
the first network employee on the air. He called into
CNN Center from
his office at CNN's
New York City
New York City bureau and reported that a
commercial jet had hit the Trade Center.
Daryn Kagan and
Leon Harris were live on the air just after 9:00 a.m.
Eastern Time as the second plane hit the North Tower of the World
Trade Center and through an interview with
CNN correspondent David
Ensor , reported the news that U.S. officials determined "that this is
a terrorist act." Later, Aaron Brown and
Judy Woodruff anchored
through the day and night as the attacks unfolded, winning an Edward
R. Murrow award for the network. Brown had just joined
CNN from ABC
to serve as the breaking news anchor.
CNN has made archival files of much of the day's broadcast available
in five segments, plus an overview.
2008 U.S. Election
The stage for the second 2008 CNN-
YouTube presidential debate .
Leading up to the
2008 U.S. presidential election
2008 U.S. presidential election ,
CNN devoted large
amounts of its coverage to politics, including hosting candidate
debates during the Democratic and Republican primary seasons. On June
3 and 5,
CNN teamed up with
Saint Anselm College to sponsor the New
Hampshire Republican and Democratic Debates. Later in 2007, the
channel hosted the first
CNN-YouTube presidential debates , a
non-traditional format where viewers were invited to pre-submit
questions over the internet via the
YouTube video-sharing service. In
CNN partnered with the _
Los Angeles Times _ to host two primary
debates leading up to its coverage of
Super Tuesday . CNN's debate
and election night coverage led to its highest ratings of the year,
with January 2008 viewership averaging 1.1 million viewers, a 41%
increase over the previous year.
2016 U.S. Election
Driven by live coverage of the year's US presidential election , 2016
was CNN's most-watched year in its history. Throughout the campaign,
the network aired unedited coverage of many of the Trump campaign
rallies . Aides for Republican candidates
Marco Rubio ,
Jeb Bush , and
Ted Cruz accused
Jeff Zucker of undermining their
candidates during the Republican primaries . Zucker acknowledged that
it had been a mistake to air so many of the campaign rallies. CNN
also drew criticism during the election for hiring former Trump
Corey Lewandowski , who was still being paid by and
was effectively working on behalf of the campaign.
ACQUISITION OF TIME WARNER BY AT&T
On October 22, 2016,
AT&T reached a deal to buy
Time Warner for
$108.7 billion. If approved by federal regulators, the merger would
bring Time Warner's properties, including CNN, under the same umbrella
as AT"> The
CNN Election Express bus, used for broadcasts.
CNN's political coverage in HD was first given mobility by the
introduction of the
CNN Election Express bus in October 2007. The
Election Express vehicle, capable of five simultaneous HD feeds, was
used for the channel's
CNN-YouTube presidential debates and for
presidential candidate interviews.
In December 2008,
CNN introduced a comprehensive redesign of its
on-air appearance, which replaced an existing style that had been used
since 2004. On-air graphics took a rounded, flat look in a
predominantly black, white, and red color scheme, and the introduction
of a new box next to the
CNN logo for displaying show logos and
segment-specific graphics, rather than as a large banner above the
lower-third. The redesign also replaced the scrolling ticker with a
static "flipper", which could either display a feed of news headlines
(both manually inserted and taken from the
RSS feeds of CNN.com), or
"topical" details related to a story.
CNN's next major redesign was introduced on January 10, 2011,
replacing the dark, flat appearance of the 2008 look with a glossier,
blue and white color scheme, and moving the secondary logo box to the
opposite end of the screen. Additionally, the network began to solely
produce its programming in the 16:9 aspect ratio, with standard
definition feeds using a letterboxed version of the HD feed. On
February 18, 2013, the "flipper" was dropped and reverted to a
scrolling ticker; originally displayed as a blue background with white
text, the ticker was reconfigured a day later with blue text on a
white background to match the look of the 'flipper'.
On August 11, 2014,
CNN introduced its most recent graphics package,
dropping the glossy appearance for a flat, rectangular scheme
incorporating red, white, and black colors, and the Gotham typeface.
The ticker now alternates between general headlines and financial news
CNNMoney , and the secondary logo box was replaced with a smaller
box below the
CNN bug, which displays either the title, hashtag , or
Twitter handle for the show being aired or its anchor. In April 2016,
CNN began to introduce a new corporate typeface, known as "
across all of its platforms. Inspired by
Helvetica Neue and
commissioned after consultations with Troika Design Group , the font
family consists of 30 different versions with varying weights and
widths to facilitate use across print, television, and digital
In August 2016,
CNN announced the launch of its new initiative, CNN
Aerial Imagery and Reporting (
CNN AIR). It is a drone-based news
collecting operation to integrate aerial imagery and reporting across
CNN networks and platforms, along with Turner
Time Warner entities.
List of CNN anchors _
Anderson Cooper , anchor of
AC 360°_ Richard Quest, New York-based correspondent
On July 27, 2012,
CNN president Jim Walton announced that he was
quitting, after a 30-year tenure at the network. Walton remained with
CNN until the end of that year. In January 2013, former NBCUniversal
Jeff Zucker replaced Walton.
On January 29, 2013, longtime political analysts
James Carville and
Mary Matalin , and fellow political contributor
Erick Erickson were
let go by CNN.
International version in April 2011
CNN launched its website, CNN.com (initially an experiment known as
CNN Interactive_), on August 30, 1995. The site attracted growing
interest over its first decade and is now one of the most popular news
websites in the world. The widespread growth of blogs, social media
and user-generated content have influenced the site, and blogs in
particular have focused CNN's previously scattershot online offerings,
most noticeably in the development and launch of
CNN Pipeline in late
In April 2009, CNN.com ranked third place among online global news
sites in unique users in the U.S., according to Nielsen/NetRatings;
with an increase of 11% over the previous year.
CNN Pipeline was the name of a paid subscription service, its
corresponding website, and a content delivery client that provided
streams of live video from up to four sources (or "pipes"), on-demand
CNN stories and reports, and optional pop-up "news alerts"
to computer users. The installable client was available to users of
Microsoft Windows . There was also a browser-based "web
client" that did not require installation. The service was
discontinued in July 2007, and was replaced with a free streaming
The topical news program _Judy Woodruff\'s
Inside Politics _ was the
CNN program to feature a round-up of blogs in 2005. Blog
coverage was expanded when _
Inside Politics _ was folded into _The
Situation Room_ (_Inside Politics_ later returned to
CNN in 2014, this
time hosted by the network's chief national correspondent John King.
). In 2006,
CNN Exchange and
CNN iReport , initiatives
designed to further introduce and centralize the impact of everything
from blogging to citizen journalism within the
which features user-submitted photos and video, has achieved
considerable traction, with increasingly professional-looking reports
filed by amateur journalists, many still in high school or college.
The iReport gained more prominence when observers of the Virginia Tech
shootings sent-in first hand photos of what was going on during the
In early 2008,
CNN began maintaining a live streaming broadcast
available to cable and satellite subscribers who receive
CNN at home
(a precursor to the
TV Everywhere services that would become
popularized by cable and satellite providers beginning with Time
Warner's incorporation of the medium).
CNN International is broadcast
live, as part of the
RealNetworks SuperPass subscription service
outside the U.S.
CNN also offers several
RSS feeds and podcasts .
On April 18, 2008, CNN.com was targeted by Chinese hackers in
retaliation for the channel's coverage on the
2008 Tibetan unrest .
CNN reported that they took preventative measures after news broke of
the impending attack.
The company was honored at the 2008 Technology the revamped site
included the addition of a new "sign up" option, in which users can
create their own username and profile, and a new "
CNN Pulse" (beta)
feature, along with a new red color theme. However, most of the news
stories archived on the website were deleted. As of 2016, there are
four versions of the website: the American version, the International
version, the Spanish version, and the Arabic version. Readers can
choose their preferred version, but, in the absence of a selection,
the server determines an edition according to the requesting IP
CNN also has a channel in the popular video-sharing site
but its videos can only be viewed in the United States, a source of
YouTube users worldwide. In 2014,
CNN launched a radio
version of their popular Television programming on
In April 2010,
CNN announced via
Twitter that it would launch a food
blog called "Eatocracy," which will "cover all news related to food
– from recalls to health issues to culture."
CNN had an internet
relay chat (IRC) network at chat.cnn.com.
CNN placed a live chat with
Benjamin Netanyahu on the network in 1998.
CNNHealth consists of expert doctors answering viewers' questions
online at CNN's "The Chart" blog website. Contributors include Drs.
Sanjay Gupta (Chief Medical Correspondent),
Charles Raison (Mental
Otis Brawley (Conditions Expert), Melina Jampolis
(Diet and Fitness Expert), Jennifer Shu (Living Well Expert), and
Elizabeth Cohen (Senior Medical Correspondent).
On March 7, 2017,
CNN announced the official launch of its virtual
reality unit named CNNVR. It will produce 360 videos to its Android
and iOS apps within
CNN Digital. It is planning to cover major news
events with the online, and digital news team in
New York City
New York City ,
Hong Kong ,
San Francisco ,
Tokyo , and
On November 28, 2016,
CNN announced the acquisition of
Beme for a
reported $25 million. On November 29, 2016, Matt Hackett, co-founder
of Beme, announced via an email to its users that the
Beme app would
be shutting down on January 31, 2017. Since the shutdown of the app,
it was announced that
CNN intended to use the current talent behind
Beme to work on a separate start-up endeavor. Beme's current team will
retain full creative control of the new project which is slated to
release in the summer of 2017.
Beme have also brought on other
internet stars such as the host of
Vsauce 3, Jake Roper, as Head of
production, who features prominently in Beme's co-founder, Casey
In October 2012,
CNN formed a film division called
CNN Films to
distribute and produce made-for-TV and feature documentaries . Its
first acquisition was a documentary entitled _Girl Rising_, a
documentary narrated by
Meryl Streep that focused on the struggles of
In July 2014,
Cumulus Media announced that it would end its
ABC News Radio , and enter into a new partnership
CNN to syndicate national and international news content for its
stations through Westwood One beginning in 2015, including access to a
wire service, and digital content for its station websites. This
service is unbranded, allowing individual stations to integrate the
content with their own news brands.
CNN en Español televised debate
for the 2005 Chilean elections. Post production editing offices
Over the years,
CNN has launched spin-off networks in the United
States and other countries. Channels that currently operate as of 2014
CNN Chile – a Chilean news channel that launched on December 4,
CNN en Español
CNN TÜRK – a Turkish media outlet.
CNN-IBN – an Indian news channel.
CNN Indonesia – an Indonesian news channel that launched on
August 17, 2015. (co-owned with
Trans Corp )
CNNj – a Japanese news outlet.
CNN Philippines – a Filipino news channel launched on March 16,
CNN has also launched television and online ventures that are no
longer in operation, including:
CNN Checkout Channel (out-of-home place-based custom channel for
grocery stores that started in 1991 and shuttered in 1993)
CNN Italia (an Italian news website launched in partnership with
the publishing company Gruppo Editoriale L\'Espresso , and after with
the financial newspaper
Il Sole 24 Ore , it launched on November 15,
1999 and closed on September 12, 2003)
CNN Pipeline (24-hour multi-channel broadband online news service,
replaced with CNN.com Live)
CNN Sports Illustrated (also known as CNNSI; U.S. sports news
channel, closed in 2002)
CNN+ (a partner channel in Spain, launched in 1999 with Sogecable
* CNN.com Live
CNNfn (financial channel, closed in December 2004)
CNN launched two specialty news channels for the American market
which would later close amid competitive pressure: the sports news
channel CNNSI shut down in 2002, while business news channel CNNfn
shut down after nine years on the air in December 2004.
CNN had a
partnership with _
Sports Illustrated _ through the sports website
CNNSI.com, but sold the domain name in May 2015. CNNfn's former
website now redirects to money.cnn.com, a product of CNN's strategic
partnership with _Money _ magazine. _Money_ and _Sports Illustrated_
Time Warner properties until 2014, when the company's
magazine division was spun off into the separate
CNN bureau locations The
CNN Center in
New York City
New York City
CNN Center studios
CNN operates bureaus in the following cities as of February 2017 .
BOLDFACE indicates that the city is home to one of CNN's original
bureaus, meaning it has been in operation since the network's
* ATLANTA (WORLD HEADQUARTERS )
New York City
New York City
CNN has regional headquarters in
Abu Dhabi ,
Hong Kong , and
Other bureau locations include:
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
In parts of the world without a
CNN bureau, reports from local
affiliate station the network will be used to file a story.
In a joint study by the Joan Shorenstein Center on Press, Politics
and Public Policy at
Harvard University and the Project for Excellence
in Journalism, the authors found disparate treatment by the three
major cable channels of Republican and Democratic candidates during
the earliest five months of presidential primaries in 2007:
CNN programming studied tended to cast a negative light on
Republican candidates – by a margin of three-to-one. Four-in-ten
stories (41%) were clearly negative while just 14% were positive and
46% were neutral. The network provided negative coverage of all three
main candidates with McCain faring the worst (63% negative) and Romney
faring a little better than the others only because a majority of his
coverage was neutral. It's not that Democrats, other than Obama, fared
CNN either. Nearly half of the
Illinois Senator's stories were
positive (46%), vs. just 8% that were negative. But both Clinton and
Edwards ended up with more negative than positive coverage overall. So
while coverage for Democrats overall was a bit more positive than
negative, that was almost all due to extremely favorable coverage for
CNN President Walter Isaacson met with Republican Party leaders in
Washington, DC in 2001 saying afterwards "I was trying to reach out to
a lot of Republicans who feel that
CNN has not been as open covering
Republicans, and I wanted to hear their concerns," As said by CNN
founder Ted Turner, "There really isn't much of a point getting some
Tom, Dick or Harry off the streets to report on when we can snag a big
name whom everyone identifies with. After all, it's all part of the
business." However, in April 2008, Turner criticized the direction
CNN has taken.
In October 2016,
WikiLeaks published emails from
John Podesta which
Donna Brazile passing the questions for a
CNN-sponsored debate to the Clinton campaign. In the email, Brazile
discussed her concern of Clinton's ability to field a question
regarding the death penalty. The following day Clinton would receive
the question about the death penalty, verbatim from an audience member
at the CNN-hosted Town Hall event. According to a CNNMoney
investigation, the debate moderator Roland Martin of TV One "did not
deny sharing information with Brazile."
CNN severed ties with Brazile
on October 14, 2016. .
CNN has been accused of bias during the 2016
U.S. Presidential election between now 45th U.S. President Donald
Trump (who has targeted the network multiple times) and former U.S.
Secretary of State
Hillary Clinton . . U.S. President Donald Trump
openly referred to
CNN as the "Clinton News Network" during the 2017
Conservative Political Action Conference .
On June 26, 2017,
CNN made widespread headlines after accepting the
resignations of three network investigative journalists working with
their company; Thomas Frank, Eric Lichtblau, and Lex Haris. All three
journalists chose to resign from
CNN over a retracted President Trump
-Russia story, published on the
CNN website, that incorrectly
connected Trump aide
Anthony Scaramucci to a $10 billion Russian
investment fund. The network apologized to Scaramucci and admitted
that the online story did not meet their editorial standards . . CEO
Jeff Zucker responded by stressing that the network needs to "play
error-free ball" when it comes to any future stories about President
Donald Trump .
AWARDS AND HONORS
CNN received the Four Freedom Award for the Freedom of
List of CNN personnel
List of programs broadcast by CNN
News media in the United States
* Television in the United States portal
* Journalism portal
* Companies portal
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* 1990s portal
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