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Burslem
Burslem
(/ˈbɜːrzləm/ BURZ-ləm) is one of the six towns that amalgamated to form the city of Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England.

Contents

1 Topography 2 History

2.1 Trade journals

3 Population and housing 4 Economy

4.1 Media

5 Tourism 6 Sports 7 Education 8 The environment 9 Transport 10 Notable people 11 In popular culture 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Topography[edit] Burslem
Burslem
is on the eastern ridge of the Fowlea Valley, the Fowlea being one of the main early tributaries of the River Trent. Burslem
Burslem
embraces the areas of Middleport, Dalehall, Longport, Westport, Trubshaw Cross, and Brownhills. The Trent & Mersey Canal
Canal
cuts through, to the west and south of the town centre. A little further west, the West Coast Main Line railway and the A500 road
A500 road
run in parallel, forming a distinct boundary between Burslem
Burslem
and the abutting town of Newcastle-under-Lyme. To the south is Grange Park
Park
and Festival Park, reclaimed by the Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
Garden Festival. History[edit] The Domesday Book
Domesday Book
shows Burslem
Burslem
(listed as Bacardeslim) as a small farming hamlet; strategically sited above a vital ford (crossing) at Longport, part of the major pack horse track out of the Peak District and Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Moorlands to the Liverpool/London road. As far back as the late 12th century a thriving pottery industry existed, based on the fine & abundant local clays. After the Black Death, Burslem emerges in the records as a medieval town - the 1536 stone church is still standing and in use. Until the mid-1760s Burslem
Burslem
was relatively cut off from the rest of England; it had no navigable river nearby, and there were no good & reliable roads. By 1777 the Trent and Mersey Canal
Canal
was nearing completion, and the roads had markedly improved. The town boomed on the back of fine pottery production & canals, and became known as 'The Mother Town' of the six towns that make up the city. In 1910 the town was federated into the county borough of Stoke-on-Trent, and the borough was granted city status in 1925. Many of the novels of Arnold Bennett
Arnold Bennett
evoke Victorian Burslem, with its many potteries, mines, and working canal barges. The Burslem
Burslem
of the 1930s to the 1980s is evoked by the paintings and plays of Arthur Berry. Burslem
Burslem
contains Britain's last real working industrial district (i.e.: where people live within walking distance of the factories of a single heavy industry - in this case, the potteries); and thus much of the nineteenth-century industrial heritage, buildings & character have survived intact.

Disused Bottle ovens of Acme Marls on Bourne's Bank, Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent, with St. John's Church, Woodbank Street, in the background whose sandstone tower dates from 1536 (Photographed May 2008)

A recent report suggested the concentration of pottery-based heritage makes the area the richest stretch of canal for industrial heritage in England. Trade journals[edit] "BURSLEM, an ancient town, with a market held for a long period by custom, and subsequently sanctioned by an act of parliament, is about three miles from Newcastle and two from Hanley, entitled to the precedence of other towns in this district, as claiming to be the mother, as it is the metropolis, of the Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Potteries." 1828 journal "In the Doomsday Survey - for even in that early date Burslem
Burslem
was a place of some importance - the town appears, as "Burwardeslyn;" and frequent mention is made of it in ancient documents during the Middle Ages." 1893 journal Population and housing[edit] At the 1991 census count, the population of Burslem
Burslem
was 21,400. A study by consultants Atkins, working from the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Census 2001 data, showed that the Burslem
Burslem
population is steady and has not declined despite a manufacturing decline during the 1980s and '90s. Traditional Victorian architecture
Victorian architecture
and Edwardian period
Edwardian period
terraced houses dominate the town. New housing developments are underway on the Sadlers Factory site and around Woodbank Street. Heavy industrial employment (mines, steel and pots) has left a legacy of ill-health among many older people, but there is the Haywood Hospital (High Lane, Burslem) and the new £300-million University Hospital of North Staffordshire
Staffordshire
is just three miles away by road. There were two electoral wards covering Burslem
Burslem
at the 2011 Census, Burslem
Burslem
Central and Burslem
Burslem
Park: At the 2011 Census
Census
the ethnic demographics of the Burslem
Burslem
Central ward were:[3] White British and White Other - 83.5% Asian/Asian British - 9.0% Mixed/multiple ethnic groups - 2.7% Black/African/Caribbean/Black British - 2.3% Other ethnic group - 1.0% At the 2011 Census
Census
the ethnic demographics of the Burslem
Burslem
Park
Park
ward were:[4] White British and White Other - 90.3% Asian/Asian British - 5.50% Mixed/multiple ethnic groups - 1.92% Black/African/Caribbean/Black British - 1.38% Other ethnic group - 0.8% Economy[edit] Industrial scale pottery production has drastically declined since the 1970s; but specialist makers (Steelite) and smaller producers of high-value ceramics (Burleigh, Wade, Moorcroft) are thriving. Burslem is emerging as a centre for small, freelance creative businesses working in sectors such as fine art, animation and crafts as well as pottery. The number of shops in the town centre have markedly declined, hit by the impact of nearby out-of-town retail parks that offer free parking. However, the evening economy is still active with a wide range of bars and restaurants mainly serving English and Indian food. The Leopard Inn is a listed building in Burslem, it is steeped in history and the discovery of tunnels and 58 bedrooms that have been left exactly as they were when they were sealed between the 1930s and 1950s. The Leopard Inn dates from the early 1700s. Initially a coaching house and Inn, there has been a working pub on this site for 300 years or more. In 1878 a three-storey extension including 57 rooms were built. The ambition was to create in Burslem
Burslem
'The Savoy of the North'. The rooms to the front of the Leopard are today in use as a pub and restaurant, and to the rear the hotel lies abandoned and purportedly haunted. At Spring 2002 unemployment was 4.1% or 1,526 people in the Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
North constituency; almost the same rate as the West Midlands as a whole. In Burslem
Burslem
at 2001 unemployment was 3.2% and declining. In 2005, the building of business park units in the town. Further business parks are planned for 2006/7 just to the north in Chatterley Valley, and the south in Etruria Valley. Media[edit] In 2007 a social enterprise newspaper, Local Edition, become one of the first newspapers to cover the area regularly. The newspaper covered Burslem, as well as surrounding areas including Tunstall, Middleport and Cobridge, giving a voice to the people in the community. The newspaper ceased publication in 2008 and its archive is online. Tourism[edit]

The old town hall, Burslem, built in 1854. Architect: G.T. Robinson.

Clayhanger Street, Burslem, by the side of the Wedgwood
Wedgwood
Institute showing the clock tower of Burslem
Burslem
Town Hall in the background, May 2008

Around 5 million tourists visit Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
each year, supporting around 4,400 direct jobs. Stoke shows its popularity through the number of repeat visits; around 80 percent of visitors have previously been here. Burslem
Burslem
has a variety of strong tourist attractions; Burleigh, Moorcroft, Festival Park, its many pubs, and the Trent & Mersey Canal. Ceramica
Ceramica
is one of the largest buildings in Burslem, and was once the town hall. It also has the legacy of novelist Arnold Bennett, who refers to the town and many of its streets with thinly disguised names: e.g. Burslem/"Bursley", Swan (Square and Pub)/"Duck". It is the setting for one of his most famous works, the Clayhanger trilogy. Burslem's centre benefits from having an almost-intact medieval street-plan and countless fine old buildings, and a townscape which almost-totally escaped re-development during the 1960s and 1970s. After being under-used for years, the Burslem School of Art
Burslem School of Art
has been refurbished at a cost of £2.1m and offers several large free art galleries. The free Public Library is currently based in the School of Art, after the Venetian Gothic Wedgwood Institute
Wedgwood Institute
closed for safety reasons early in 2009. Ceramica
Ceramica
was a new award-winning ceramics family attraction, based in the imposing old Town Hall and funded by Millennium Lottery money but due to the loss of council funding has been closed. The Queen's Theatre has regular concerts and an annual pantomime. There is a traditional Friday street market, and street carnivals in May and December. Sports[edit] The major football club Port Vale F.C.
Port Vale F.C.
is based in Burslem
Burslem
at Vale Park. The team currently plays in League Two, England's fourth division. Near to the town is Burslem
Burslem
Golf Club - a 9-hole course which once had singer Robbie Williams
Robbie Williams
as a Junior Captain. It was opened on 28 September 1907 by vaudeville entertainer and golfer Sir Harry Lauder. On 29 September 2007 his great-nephew Gregory Lauder-Frost as guest-of-honour rededicated it for another century in a formal ceremony.[5] Professional darts player, Phil Taylor is from Burslem. Education[edit] Burslem
Burslem
is the site of the main campus of Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
College, the largest Further Education college in England. The campus specialises in media-production and drama. Stoke Studio College, a studio school for 13- to 19-year-olds opened at the college campus in September 2013. Within a six-mile radius from Burslem
Burslem
there are three universities; Staffordshire
Staffordshire
at Shelton, Keele University, and Manchester Metropolitan's large Art
Art
& Design campus at Alsager. The environment[edit] The town is elevated and is not prone to flooding. Burslem
Burslem
has a Victorian park designed by Thomas Hayton Mawson, and a large amount of reclaimed green space, such as the Westport Lakes and the later legacy of the 1986 National Garden Festival, which imaginatively reclaimed part of the Shelton Bar
Shelton Bar
steelworks site. The Peak District
Peak District
National Park
Park
begins just ten miles north-east of Burslem. Transport[edit] The nearby A500 gives access to the M6 motorway. Longport railway station offers direct connections south into Stoke, east to Derby
Derby
and Nottingham, and north to Crewe
Crewe
& Manchester. The town is straddled by two major off-road cycle paths, part of the National Cycle Network.

The Trent and Mersey canal is said to see over 10,000 narrowboats a year using it. The former Burslem
Burslem
Canal
Canal
was constructed in 1805 and remained open until 1961 when it was breached. The Burslem
Burslem
Canal
Canal
was a branch of the Trent and Mersey Canal
Trent and Mersey Canal
running from the junction near to Newport Lane (opposite the old steel works) though to Furlong Lane area of Middleport. The nearest international airports are Manchester
Manchester
& Birmingham International; each is about 60 minutes away by train. Burslem
Burslem
was served by a railway station which was opened by the North Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Railway on 1 November 1873. Notable people[edit] Burslem's most famous sons include the potter Josiah Wedgwood, the watercolour painter James Holland (1800–1870), Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister, the founder, bassist and lead singer of Motörhead, and Robbie Williams, who was a major shareholder in Port Vale and whose family are still resident in the area. Darts
Darts
legend and 16-time world champion, Phil Taylor who was born, raised and also worked in the town. In the 17th century, Molly Leigh was resident of the town before being accused of being a witch and dying before her trial. Painter James Astbury Hammersley also came from Burslem. William Frederick Horry owned the George Hotel in the 1860s before murdering his wife Jane at his father's house in Boston, Lincolnshire. Despite pleas for clemency he was hanged at Lincoln Castle
Lincoln Castle
on 1 April 1872 and his body interred with other executed felons in the interior of the Castle's Lucy Tower, where it can still be seen. Also: William Clowes (Primitive Methodist); John Bennett (potter). In popular culture[edit] George Formby's first sound film, Boots! Boots!, got its world premiere in Burslem
Burslem
in 1934.[6][7] The film adaptation of Arnold Bennett's The Card was partly filmed on location in the town. Robbie Williams
Robbie Williams
included the song " Burslem
Burslem
Normals"' on his album Rudebox, released in 2006. A short film, "Goodbye to the Normals" was made. A song "Waterloo Road" performed by Jason Crest was written (by Mike Deighan and Mike Wilsh) about the Waterloo Road in Burslem. The song became very popular and even reached no. 1 in France
France
when the French singer Joe Dassin
Joe Dassin
covered it under the title "Les Champs Élysées". The guitarist Slash, the former lead guitarist of Guns N' Roses, was also an inhabitant of Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
in his early years. Ian Fraser Kilmister, known as Lemmy, was an English musician, singer and songwriter who founded and fronted the rock band Motörhead. See also[edit]

Burslem
Burslem
(UK Parliament constituency), abolished Parliamentary constituency Smallthorne, nearby area 1842 Pottery
Pottery
Riots

References[edit]

^ " Burslem
Burslem
Central Ward. Stoke MBC population 2011". Retrieved 21 December 2015.  ^ " Burslem
Burslem
Park
Park
ward, Stoke MBC population 2011". Retrieved 21 December 2015.  ^ "Ward Profile with 2011 Census
Census
data. VERSION 3.0", Aug-16, Burslem Central. http://burslem.info/sites/default/files/pdfs/burslemcentral_wardprof.pdf ^ UK Census
Census
Data at http://www.ukcensusdata.com/ ^ The Sentinel (Staffordshire)
The Sentinel (Staffordshire)
(newspaper), Stoke-on-Trent, 4 October 2007, p. 47 (includes photo). ^ "Memory Lane". This Is Staffordshire. Retrieved 2012-03-12.  ^ "Popular Music on Film". Google Books. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 

Some of the text on this page is sourced from https://web.archive.org/web/20050114094714/http://www.middleport.org.uk/aboutmport.html - with full permission for use & licensing granted - if in doubt, please contact author via https://web.archive.org/web/20041220161005/http://www.middleport.org.uk/form.html

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Burslem.

Burslem
Burslem
- one of the Six Towns More on Burslem
Burslem
- in trade journals Use interactive maps to search for historic artefacts and photographs from old Burslem[permanent dead link] Local Edition the local newspaper for Burslem

v t e

City and Unitary Authority area of Stoke-on-Trent

Areas, towns and wards

Abbey Green ward Abbey Hulton Banky Brook Basford Bentilee Birches Head Blurton Blythe Bridge Bradeley Bucknall Burslem Chell Cliffe Vale Cobridge Dresden Etruria Fenton Goldenhill Hanley Hartshill Heron Cross Lightwood Longport Longton Meir Middleport Milton Norton le Moors Penkhull Shelton Sideway Smallthorne Sneyd Green Stoke-upon-Trent Trentham Trent Vale Tunstall Weston Coyney

History

Ceramic and Allied Trades Union Darwin– Wedgwood
Wedgwood
family Federation of Stoke-on-Trent History of Port Vale F.C. History of Stoke City F.C. Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Potteries Wedgwood
Wedgwood
Pottery
Pottery
In Stoke-on-Trent 1842 Pottery
Pottery
riots

Parliamentary constituencies

Current

Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
North Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
Central Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
South

Historic

Burslem Hanley Stoke-on-Trent Stoke-upon-Trent

Religion

Stoke Minster Bethesda Methodist Chapel Hulton Abbey Our Lady of the Angels and St Peter in Chains Church

Tourism

Buildings

Bottle ovens Etruria Hall Ford Green Hall Trentham Mausoleum The Villas Wedgwood
Wedgwood
Institute Water World Winton Square
Winton Square
(North Stafford
Stafford
Hotel)

Theatres

Regent Theatre Victoria Hall Theatre Royal

Museums and libraries

Burslem
Burslem
School of Art Ceramica Chatterley Whitfield Etruria Industrial Museum Gladstone Pottery
Pottery
Museum Montagu C. Butler Library Potteries Museum & Art
Art
Gallery Spode
Spode
Museum

Shopping

City Sentral Potteries Shopping Centre

Parks and countryside

Berryhill Fields Hanley Park Hartshill Park Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
Garden Festival Trentham Estate

Sport and music venues

Bet365
Bet365
Stadium Golden Torch Jollees Longton Cricket Club Ground Meir Heath Cricket Club Shelley's Laserdome The Sugarmill The Underground Vale Park

Media

Publishing

Cross Rhythms G&Y Pits n Pots The Oatcake The Sentinel

Radio

BBC Radio Stoke Cross Rhythms
Cross Rhythms
City Radio Signal 1 Signal 2 UCB UK Stoke & Stafford
Stafford
(DAB Multiplex)

Education

List of schools Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
College City of Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
Sixth Form College Staffordshire
Staffordshire
University Royal Stoke University Hospital

Companies

Pottery

Aynsley China Beswick Pottery Burleigh Pottery Carlton Ware Churchill China Clayburn Pottery Dudson Emma Bridgewater Etruria Works Gray's Pottery James Sadler and Sons Ltd Lucideon J. & G. Meakin Midwinter Pottery Mintons Moorcroft Palissy Paragon China Portmeirion Pottery Royal Doulton Royal Winton Shelley Potteries Spode Wedgwood W H Grindley

Other

Armitage Shanks Bet365 Canditv Clay
Clay
Records Dechra Pharmaceuticals Goodwin Steel Castings Hanley Economic Building Society Randles Motor Group Shelton Bar Sons Ltd. Titanic Brewery Twyford Bathrooms Wrights Pies

Sport

Association football teams

Dresden United Eastwood Hanley Hanley Town Meir KA Norton United Port Vale Stoke City

Speedway teams

Stoke Potters Stoke Spitfires

Transport

Canals

Caldon Canal Trent and Mersey Canal

Public transport

D&G Bus First Potteries Stoke Streetcar

Rail

Longport railway station Longton railway station North Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Railway Stafford– Manchester
Manchester
line Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
railway station Stoke railway works

Major roads

A34 A50 A52 A53 A500 Longton Interchange

Miscellaneous

List of people Lobby May un Mar Lady Oatcake Owd Grandad Piggott Potteries derby Potteries dialect River Trent Sanity Fair Start Up Citywide ST postcode area

v t e

Ceremonial county of Staffordshire

Unitary authorities

Stoke-on-Trent

Boroughs or districts

Cannock
Cannock
Chase East Staffordshire Lichfield Newcastle-under-Lyme South Staffordshire Stafford Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Moorlands Tamworth

Major settlements

Biddulph Burntwood Burton upon Trent Cannock Cheadle Eccleshall Fazeley Hednesford Kidsgrove Leek Lichfield Newcastle-under-Lyme Penkridge Rugeley Stafford Stoke-on-Trent

Burslem Fenton Hanley Longton Stoke Tunstall

Stone Tamworth Uttoxeter See also: List of civil parishes in Staffordshire

Rivers

Anker Blithe Churnet Dane Dove Manifold Mease Penk Sow Swarbourn Tame Trent Wheelock

Canals

Birmingham & Fazeley Caldon Lichfield Shropshire Union Staffs & Worcestershire Trent & Mersey Wyrley & Essington

Topics

Flag Museums Schools Grade I buildings Grade II* buildings Windm

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