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BURSLEM is one of the six towns that amalgamated to form the city of Stoke-on-Trent , Staffordshire , England.

CONTENTS

* 1 Topography

* 2 History

* 2.1 Trade journals

* 3 Population and housing

* 4 Economy

* 4.1 Media

* 5 Tourism * 6 Sports * 7 Education * 8 The environment * 9 Transport * 10 Notable people * 11 In popular culture * 12 See also * 13 References * 14 External links

TOPOGRAPHY

Burslem is on the eastern ridge of the Fowlea Valley, the Fowlea being one of the main early tributaries of the River Trent . Burslem embraces the areas of Middleport , Dalehall, Longport, Westport, Trubshaw Cross, and Brownhills. The Trent strategically sited above a vital ford (crossing) at Longport , part of the major pack horse track out of the Peak District and Staffordshire Moorlands to the Liverpool /London road. As far back as the late 12th century a thriving pottery industry existed, based on the fine it had no navigable river nearby, and there were no good & reliable roads. By 1777 the Trent and Mersey Canal was nearing completion, and the roads had markedly improved. The town boomed on the back of fine pottery production and thus much of the nineteenth-century industrial heritage, buildings "> Disused Bottle ovens of Acme Marls on Bourne's Bank, Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent , with St. John's Church, Woodbank Street, in the background whose sandstone tower dates from 1536 (Photographed May 2008)

A recent report suggested the concentration of pottery-based heritage makes the area the richest stretch of canal for industrial heritage in England.

TRADE JOURNALS

"BURSLEM, an ancient town, with a market held for a long period by custom, and subsequently sanctioned by an act of parliament, is about three miles from Newcastle and two from Hanley, entitled to the precedence of other towns in this district, as claiming to be the mother, as it is the metropolis, of the Staffordshire Potteries." 1828 JOURNAL

"In the Doomsday Survey - for even in that early date Burslem was a place of some importance - the town appears, as "Burwardeslyn;" and frequent mention is made of it in ancient documents during the Middle Ages." 1893 JOURNAL

POPULATION AND HOUSING

At the 1991 census count, the population of Burslem was 21,400. A study by consultants Atkins, working from the United Kingdom Census 2001 data, showed that the Burslem population is steady and has not declined despite a manufacturing decline during the 1980s and '90s.

Traditional Victorian architecture and Edwardian period terraced houses dominate the town. New housing developments are underway on the Sadlers Factory site and around Woodbank Street.

Heavy industrial employment (mines, steel and pots) has left a legacy of ill-health among many older people, but there is the Haywood Hospital (High Lane, Burslem) and the new £300-million University Hospital of North Staffordshire is just three miles away by road.

Burslem is a multicultural area of Stoke-on-Trent with a significant Asian population.

ECONOMY

Industrial scale pottery production has drastically declined since the 1970s; but specialist makers (Steelite) and smaller producers of high-value ceramics (Burleigh , Wade , Moorcroft ) are thriving. Burslem is emerging as a centre for small, freelance creative businesses working in sectors such as fine art, animation and crafts as well as pottery.

The number of shops in the town centre have markedly declined, hit by the impact of nearby out-of-town retail parks that offer free parking. However, the evening economy is still active with a wide range of bars and restaurants mainly serving English and Indian food.

The Leopard Inn is a listed building in Burslem, it is steeped in history and the discovery of tunnels and 58 bedrooms that have been left exactly as they were when they were sealed between the 1930s and 1950s. The Leopard Inn dates from the early 1700s. Initially a coaching house and Inn, there has been a working pub on this site for 300 years or more. In 1878 a three storey extension including 57 rooms were built. The ambition was to create in Burslem 'The Savoy of the North'. The rooms to the front of the Leopard are today in use as a pub and restaurant, and to the rear the hotel lies abandoned and purportedly haunted.

At Spring 2002 unemployment was 4.1% or 1,526 people in the Stoke-on-Trent North constituency; almost the same rate as the West Midlands as a whole. In Burslem at 2001 unemployment was 3.2% and declining.

In 2005, the building of business park units in the town. Further business parks are planned for 2006/7 just to the north in Chatterley Valley, and the south in Etruria Valley.

MEDIA

In 2007 a social enterprise newspaper, Local Edition, become one of the first newspapers to cover the area regularly. The newspaper covered Burslem, as well as surrounding areas including Tunstall, Middleport and Cobridge, giving a voice to the people in the community. The newspaper ceased publication in 2008 and its archive is online.

TOURISM

The old town hall, Burslem, built in 1854. Architect: G.T. Robinson. Clayhanger Street, Burslem, by the side of the Wedgwood Institute showing the clock tower of Burslem Town Hall in the background, May 2008

Around 5 million tourists visit Stoke-on-Trent each year, supporting around 4,400 direct jobs. Stoke shows its popularity through the number of repeat visits; around 80 percent of visitors have previously been here. Burslem has a variety of strong tourist attractions; Burleigh, Moorcroft, Festival Park, its many pubs , and the Trent Staffordshire at Shelton, Keele University , and Manchester Metropolitan 's large Art & Design campus at Alsager .

THE ENVIRONMENT

The town is elevated and is not prone to flooding .

Burslem has a Victorian park designed by Thomas Hayton Mawson , and a large amount of reclaimed green space, such as the Westport Lakes and the later legacy of the 1986 National Garden Festival , which imaginatively reclaimed part of the Shelton Bar steelworks site. The Peak District National Park begins just ten miles north-east of Burslem.

TRANSPORT

The nearby A500 gives access to the M6 motorway . Longport railway station offers direct connections south into Stoke, east to Derby and Nottingham , and north to Crewe & Manchester . The town is straddled by two major off-road cycle paths, part of the National Cycle Network .

The Trent and Mersey canal is said to see over 10,000 narrowboats a year using it. The former Burslem Canal was constructed in 1805 and remained open until 1961 when it was breached. The Burslem Canal was a branch of the Trent and Mersey Canal running from the junction near to Newport Lane (opposite the old steel works) though to Furlong Lane area of Middleport.

The nearest international airports are Manchester each is about 60 minutes away by train.

Burslem was served by a railway station which was opened by the North Staffordshire Railway on 1 November 1873.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Burslem's most famous sons include the potter Josiah Wedgwood , the watercolour painter James Holland (1800–1870), Ian " Lemmy " Kilmister, the founder, bassist and lead singer of Motörhead , and Robbie Williams , who was a major shareholder in Port Vale and whose family are still resident in the area. Darts legend and 16-time world champion, Phil Taylor who was born, raised and also worked in the town.

In the 17th century, Molly Leigh was resident of the town before being accused of being a witch and dying before her trial. Painter James Astbury Hammersley also came from Burslem.

William Frederick Horry owned the George Hotel in the 1860s before murdering his wife Jane at his father's house in Boston, Lincolnshire . Despite pleas for clemency he was hanged at Lincoln Castle on 1 April 1872 and his body interred with other executed felons in the interior of the Castle's Lucy Tower, where it can still be seen.

Also: William Clowes (Primitive Methodist)

IN POPULAR CULTURE

George Formby 's first sound film, _Boots! Boots!_, got its world premiere in Burslem in 1934.

The film adaptation of Arnold Bennett's _The Card_ was partly filmed on location in the town.

Robbie Williams included the song " Burslem Normals"' on his album _Rudebox_, released in 2006. A short film, "Goodbye to the Normals" was made.

A song "Waterloo Road" performed by Jason Crest was written (by Mike Deighan and Mike Wilsh) about the Waterloo Road in Burslem. The song became very popular and even reached no. 1 in France when the French singer Joe Dassin covered it under the title "Les Champs Élysées".

The guitarist Slash , the former lead guitarist of Guns N\' Roses , was also an inhabitant of Stoke-on-Trent in his early years. Ian Fraser Kilmister, known as Lemmy, was an English musician, singer and songwriter who founded and fronted the rock band Motörhead.

SEE ALSO

* Burslem (UK Parliament constituency) , abolished Parliamentary constituency * Smallthorne , nearby area * 1842 Pottery Riots

REFERENCES

* ^ " Burslem Central Ward. Stoke MBC population 2011". Retrieved 21 December 2015. * ^ " Burslem Park ward, Stoke MBC population 2011". Retrieved 21 December 2015. * ^ _ The Sentinel (Staffordshire) _ (newspaper), Stoke-on-Trent, 4 October 2007, p. 47 (includes photo). * ^ "Memory Lane". _This Is Staffordshire_. Retrieved 2012-03-12. * ^ "Popular Music on Film". _Google Books_. Retrieved 2012-03-12.

* Some of the text on this page is sourced from https://web.archive.org/web/20050114094714/http://www.middleport.org.uk/aboutmport.html - with full permission for use "> * _Local Edition_ the local newspaper for Burslem

* v * t * e

City and Unitary Authority area of Stoke-on-Trent

Areas , towns and wards

* Abbey Green ward * Abbey Hulton * Banky Brook * Basford * Bentilee * Birches Head * Blurton * Blythe Bridge * Bradeley * Bucknall * Burslem * Chell * Cliffe Vale * Cobridge * Dresden * Etruria * Fenton * Goldenhill * Hanley * Hartshill * Heron Cross * Lightwood * Longport * Longton * Meir * Middleport * Milton * Norton le Moors * Penkhull * Shelton * Sideway * Smallthorne * Sneyd Green * Stoke-upon-Trent * Trentham * Trent Vale * Tunstall * Weston Coyney

HISTORY

* Ceramic and Allied Trades Union * Darwin–Wedgwood family * Federation of Stoke-on-Trent * History of Port Vale F.C. * History of Stoke City F.C. * Staffordshire Potteries * Wedgwood Pottery In Stoke-on-Trent * 1842 Pottery riots

Parliamentary constituencies

CURRENT

* Stoke-on-Trent North * Stoke-on-Trent Central * Stoke-on-Trent South

HISTORIC

* Burslem * Hanley * Stoke-on-Trent * Stoke-upon-Trent

RELIGION

* Stoke Minster * Bethesda Methodist Chapel * Hulton Abbey * Our Lady of the Angels and St Peter in Chains Church

TOURISM

BUILDINGS

* Bottle ovens * Etruria Hall * Ford Green Hall * Trentham Mausoleum * The Villas * Wedgwood Institute * Water World * Winton Square ( North Stafford Hotel )

THEATRES

* Regent Theatre * Victoria Hall * Theatre Royal

Museums and libraries

* Burslem School of Art * Ceramica * Chatterley Whitfield * Etruria Industrial Museum * Gladstone Pottery Museum * Montagu C. Butler Library * Potteries Museum ">SHOPPING

* City Sentral * Potteries Shopping Centre

Parks and countryside

* Berryhill Fields * Hanley Park * Hartshill Park * Stoke-on-Trent Garden Festival * Trentham Estate

Sport and music venues

* Bet365 Stadium * Golden Torch * Jollees * Longton Cricket Club Ground * Meir Heath Cricket Club * Shelley\'s Laserdome * The Sugarmill * The Underground * Vale Park

MEDIA

PUBLISHING

* Cross Rhythms * G">RADIO

* BBC Radio Stoke * Cross Rhythms City Radio * Signal 1 * Signal 2 * UCB UK * Stoke border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* List of schools * Stoke-on-Trent College * City of Stoke-on-Trent Sixth Form College * Staffordshire University * Royal Stoke University Hospital

COMPANIES

POTTERY

* Aynsley China * Beswick Pottery * Burleigh Pottery * Carlton Ware * Churchill China * Clayburn Pottery * Dudson * Emma Bridgewater * Etruria Works * Gray\'s Pottery * James Sadler and Sons Ltd * Lucideon * J. ">OTHER

* Armitage Shanks * Bet365 * Canditv * Clay Records * Dechra Pharmaceuticals * Goodwin Steel Castings * Hanley Economic Building Society * Randles Motor Group * Shelton Bar * Sons Ltd. * Titanic Brewery * Twyford Bathrooms * Wrights Pies

SPORT

ASSOCIATION FOOTBALL TEAMS

* Dresden United * Eastwood Hanley * Hanley Town * Meir KA * Norton United * Port Vale * Stoke City

SPEEDWAY TEAMS

* Stoke Potters * Stoke Spitfires

TRANSPORT

CANALS

* Caldon Canal * Trent and Mersey Canal

PUBLIC TRANSPORT

* D">RAIL

* Longport railway station * Longton railway station * North Staffordshire Railway * Stafford– Manchester line * Stoke-on-Trent railway station * Stoke railway works

MAJOR ROADS

* A34 * A50 * A52 * A53 * A500 * Longton Interchange

MISCELLANEOUS

* List of people * Lobby * May un Mar Lady * Oatcake * Owd Grandad Piggott * Potteries derby * Potteries dialect * River Trent * Sanity Fair * Start Up Citywide * ST postcode area

* v * t * e

Ceremonial county of Staffordshire

UNITARY AUTHORITIES Stoke-on-Trent

BOROUGHS OR DISTRICTS

* Cannock Chase * East Staffordshire * Lichfield * Newcastle-under-Lyme * South Staffordshire * Stafford * Staffordshire Moorlands * Tamworth

MAJOR SETTLEMENTS

* Biddulph * Burntwood * Burton upon Trent * Cannock * Cheadle * Eccleshall * Fazeley * Hednesford * Kidsgrove * Leek * Lichfield * Newcastle-under-Lyme * Penkridge * Rugeley * STAFFORD

* STOKE-ON-TRENT

* Burslem * Fenton * Hanley * Longton * Stoke * Tunstall

* Stone * Tamworth

* Uttoxeter _See also:_ LIST OF CIVIL PARISHES IN STAFFORDSHIRE

RIVERS

* Anker * Blithe * Churnet * Dane * Dove * Manifold * Mease * Penk * Sow * Swarbourn * Tame * Trent * Wheelock

CANALS

* Birmingham & Fazeley * Caldon * Lichfield * Shropshire Union * Staffs & Worcestershire * Trent & Mersey * Wyrley border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Flag * Museums * Schools * Grade I buildings * Grade II* buildings * Windmills * High Sheriffs

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