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Briton Ferry
Ferry
(Welsh: Llansawel) is a town and community in the county borough of Neath
Neath
Port Talbot, Wales. The town encompasses the electoral wards of Briton Ferry
Ferry
East and Briton Ferry
Ferry
West. Briton Ferry
Ferry
is on the mouth of the River Neath
River Neath
where it enters Swansea Bay
Swansea Bay
and was the first river crossing along the Roman road
Roman road
that followed the coastline along that part of South Wales. The river crossing was by ferry boat some 2 miles (3.2 km) from the bridge across the River Neath
River Neath
at Neath. At certain low tides it was possible to walk across the river via a ford close to the ferry route using stepping stones. The town is served by Briton Ferry
Ferry
railway station. There are remains of ancient stone age settlements on the hills above Briton Ferry, and two hillforts within the community, Buarth-y-Gaer and Gaer Fawr are on Mynydd-y-Gaer, alongside the boundary with Baglan.[3] The town was part of the Briton Ferry
Ferry
Estate.[4]

Contents

1 Industrial development 2 Briton Ferry
Ferry
floating dock 3 The Mouchel phenomenon 4 Deindustrialisation 5 Modern development 6 Sport 7 Notable people 8 Nearest places 9 Twin Towns 10 References 11 External links

Industrial development[edit] The Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
brought factories such as the Albion Steel Works, the English Crown Spelter Works and the Baglan Bay
Baglan Bay
Tinplate Works. These were built on land close to the River Neath
River Neath
and the new South Wales
Wales
Railway,[5] built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel. In 1840 an area of about 750 acres (3.0 km2) of land in Cwmafan
Cwmafan
was leased for 99 years to John Vigurs and subsequently passed to Wright, Butler & Co. Ltd, then to Baldwins Ltd. The terraces of houses built on this land were sublet in 1897 and 1898 for the remainder of the term of this lease, but many were declared unfit for habitation in the 1930s, and demolished.[4] The industrial development and industrialisation attracted other railways, including the Neath
Neath
and Brecon Railway, the Rhondda and Swansea Bay
Swansea Bay
Railway, and the South Wales
Wales
Mineral Railway[6] with its cable powered incline. Briton Ferry
Ferry
floating dock[edit] In the 1850s the Briton Ferry
Ferry
Floating Dock Company was incorporated, and bought land from the Earl of Jersey
Earl of Jersey
to build the Briton Ferry Docks.[4] When it opened in 1861, the dock consisted of an outer tidal basin, and an inner floating dock, where the water level was maintained by a single gate, which included a buoyancy chamber. It covered an area of 23.7 acres (9.6 ha).[7] The gate was 56 feet (17 m) wide, and the unique structure with its floating caisson was designed by Brunel's father, Sir Marc Brunel.[8] Following Brunel's death in 1859, Robert Brereton took over as engineer, and also acted as engineer for improvements made in 1872 and 1873.[9] The company later went bankrupt and the Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway
took over the docks as a going concern.[4] After World War II
World War II
many warships were scrapped there, until the dock was closed in 1959.[7] As part of a regeneration programme, a tower, which formed part of the complex, has been refurbished. It was an accumulator tower for the hydraulic system which operated the dock gate and cranes. The system was designed by William Armstrong, and in 2010, the Institution of Civil Engineers unveiled a plaque at the site to commemorate the 200th anniversary of his birth.[10] The shipbreaking of WW2 ships, for example HMS Bermuda, took place at Giants Grave upstream of the floating dock, and north of the M4 and A48. The Mouchel phenomenon[edit] In 1875, the French-born engineer Louis Gustave Mouchel established himself in Briton Ferry
Ferry
and quickly became involved in a number of successful enterprises. His consultancy company was directly responsible for introducing ferro-concrete (also called 'reinforced concrete') to Britain, with the claimed first entirely ferro-concrete building in the UK constructed for the Weaver and Co mills in neighbouring Swansea. So important was Briton Ferry
Ferry
for trade with France that Mouchel was, from 1879 to his death, French Consular Agent to 'Briton Ferry, Talbot, Porthcawl and Neath
Neath
Abbey'. Deindustrialisation[edit]

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Briton Ferry
Ferry
Community Resource Centre- former Briton Ferry
Ferry
Library

The industrial revolution brought much expansion to Briton Ferry
Ferry
that included iron works, steel works, tinplate production and engineering. Production generally lasted until the 1970s. In 1951 as industry began to dwindle, portions of the estate were sold to the Principality Property Co., Estateways Builders, John Oliver Watkins, the City & Provincial Housing Association and Gwalia Land & Property Developments Ltd. Huw Pudner and Chris Hastings, two local songwriters, have written Giants Grave a song about the shipbreaking industry in Briton Ferry. The song was used in the film The History of Briton Ferry
Ferry
by Jason May. Modern development[edit] A new bridge across the River Neath
River Neath
was completed in 1955 and a second one, built to carry the M4 Motorway, was completed in 1994.[11] The main line railway still passes through, but the industries have closed, resulting in Briton Ferry
Ferry
being a dormitory suburb of the new Neath Port Talbot
Neath Port Talbot
County Borough.[12] The sailing ships with destinations all over the world that used to berth in Brunel’s ports have disappeared, as has the docks, which is now filled in with only a few remains to be seen. But work has now started to restore Brunel's tower, with a restoration group presently trying to restore what remains of the unique Brunel dock (the only one in the world to use a floating chamber) to working order, for use by fishing boats and yachts.[8] Sport[edit]

Briton Ferry
Ferry
Llansawel A.F.C. Briton Ferry
Ferry
RFC Giants Grave BGC Briton Ferry
Ferry
Town
Town
Cricket Club[13]

Notable people[edit]

See Category:People from Briton Ferry

Kenneth Crosby, linguist and missionary to Sierra Leone, West Africa David Elias, question-setter for several television quiz shows and Countdown champion[14][15] Harry Parr-Davies, musician, composer and songwriter Jason May, Welsh actor, born in Briton Ferry Mavis Nicholson (née Mainwaring) Journalist and Broadcaster David Pickering Welsh rugby personality Alf Shea, Welsh cricketer, born in Briton Ferry

Nearest places[edit]

Crymlyn Burrows Llandarcy Neath Port Talbot Baglan Baglan Bay

Twin Towns[edit]

Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

References[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Briton-Ferry.

^ "Briton Ferry
Ferry
East Ward 2011". Retrieved 11 April 2011.  ^ "Briton Ferry
Ferry
West Ward 2011". Retrieved 11 April 2011.  ^ Glamorgan Gwent Archaeological Society: GGAT PRN: 00679w ^ a b c d " West Glamorgan
West Glamorgan
Archive Service: Briton Ferry
Ferry
Estate". Archives Wales. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 April 2011.  ^ South Wales
Wales
Railway ^ South Wales
Wales
Mineral Railway ^ a b "Briton Ferry
Ferry
Dock". Royal Commission on the ancient and historical monuments of Wales. Retrieved 2011-04-16.  ^ a b Colin Hughes (22 April 2003). "Brunel Dock's kiss of life?". The Western Mail. Retrieved 2011-04-16.  ^ Peter Cross-Rudkin; et al. (2008). A Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland: Vol 2: 1830 to 1890. Thomas Telford. ISBN 978-0-7277-3504-1.  ^ Gill Roberts (30 November 2010). "Industry award to honour docks pioneer's work". Evening Post. Retrieved 2011-04-16.  ^ M4 Baglan to Lonlas Construction Archived 24 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Neath Port Talbot
Neath Port Talbot
County Borough council ^ "Briton Ferry
Ferry
Town
Town
CC". Briton Ferry
Ferry
Town
Town
CC. England and Wales Cricket Board. Retrieved 2017-09-26.  ^ 'David Elias', Wiki Countdown. [accessed 9 April 2012] ^ David Elias, 'David Elias', University Challenge. [accessed 9 April 2012]

External links[edit]

www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Briton Ferry
Ferry
and surrounding area

v t e

Neath
Neath
Port Talbot

Neath Port Talbot
Neath Port Talbot
County Borough Council

Communities

Aberavon Baglan Bay Blaengwrach Blaenhonddan Briton Ferry Bryn Cilybebyll Clyne and Melincourt Coedffranc Crynant Cwmavon Cwmllynfell Dyffryn Clydach Glyncorrwg Glynneath Gwaun-cae-Gurwen Margam Margam
Margam
Moors Neath Onllwyn Pelenna Pontardawe Port Talbot Resolven Sandfields East Sandfields West Seven Sisters Tai Bach Tonna Ystalyfera

Towns and villages

Aberavon Aberdulais Abergarwed Alltwen Baglan Blaengwrach Blaenhoddan Cadoxton Cilfrew Cilybebyll Clyne Cwmgors Cwmllynfell Crynant Glynneath Godre'r Graig Goytre Groes Llangiwg Lonlas Lower Brynamman Margam Melincourt Falls Morfa Glas Neath Pontardawe Port Talbot Resolven Rhiwfawr Rhydyfro Seven Sisters Skewen Tairgwaith Tonna Ystalyfera

Castles

Neath
Neath
Castle

Rivers

River Afan River Neath Neath
Neath
and Tennant Canal

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places SSSIs Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Scheduled monuments Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Museums

v t e

Communities of Neath Port Talbot
Neath Port Talbot
county borough

Aberavon Baglan Baglan Bay Blaengwrach Blaenhonddan Briton Ferry Bryn Cilybebyll Clyne and Melincourt Coedffranc Crynant Cwmavon Cwmllynfell Dyffryn Clydach Glyncorrwg Glynneath Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen Margam Margam
Margam
Moors Neath Onllwyn Pelenna Pontardawe Port Talbot Resolven Sandfields East Sandfields West Seven Sisters Taibac

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