Brentwood, Essex
   HOME

TheInfoList




Brentwood is a town in the
Borough of Brentwood The Borough of Brentwood is a local government district and borough A borough is an administrative division in various English language, English-speaking countries. In principle, the term ''borough'' designates a self-governing walled town, alth ...
, in the county of
Essex Essex () is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Ro ...

Essex
in the
East of England The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England The regions, formerly known as the government office regions, are the highest tier of sub-national division in England, established in 1994. Between 1994 and 2011, nine ...
. It is in the
London commuter belt The London metropolitan area includes London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals ( ...
, situated 20 miles (30 km) east-north-east of
Charing Cross Charing Cross ( ) is a junction and its focal marker in London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper ...

Charing Cross
and close by the
M25 motorway The M25 or London Orbital Motorway is a major road encircling most of Greater London Greater London is an administrative area Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, su ...
. In 2017, the population of the town was estimated to be 54,885. Brentwood is a suburban town with a small shopping area and high street. Beyond this are residential developments surrounded by open countryside and woodland; some of this countryside lies within only a few hundred yards of the town centre. Since 1978, Brentwood has been twinned with
RothRoth may refer to: Places * Roth (district) Roth is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Middle Franconia, Bavaria Bavaria (; German language, German and Bavarian language, Bavarian: ''Bayern'' ), officially the Free State of Bavaria (German and Bav ...
in Germany and with
Montbazon Montbazon is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belongs to or ...
in France since 1994. It also has a relationship with
Brentwood, Tennessee Brentwood is a city in Williamson County, Tennessee Tennessee (, ), officially the State of Tennessee, is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S ...
in the United States.


History


Etymology

The name was assumed by some in the 1700s to derive from a corruption of the words 'burnt' and 'wood', with the name Burntwood still visible on some 18th-century maps. However, ''
brent Brent may refer to: *Brent (name), an English given and surname Place name ;In the United States *Brent, Alabama *Brent, Florida *Brent, Georgia *Brent, Missouri, a ghost town *Brent, Oklahoma ;In the United Kingdom * Brent, Cornwall *Brent K ...
'' was the middle English for "burnt". The name describes the presumed reason for settlement in the part of the Forest of Essex (later
Epping Forest Epping Forest is a area of ancient woodland In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britai ...
) that would have covered the area, where a major occupation was charcoal burning.


Early history

Although a
Bronze Age The Bronze Age is a prehistoric Periodization, period that was characterized by the use of bronze, in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization. The Bronze Age is the second principal period of the Three-age sys ...
axe has been found in Brentwood and there are clear signs of an entrenched encampment in
Weald Country Park Weald Country Park is a 700-year-old, 500 acre (2 km²) country park in South Weald in the borough of Brentwood (borough), Brentwood in the English county of Essex. It is on the north-east fringe of Greater London. Weald manor, parts of whi ...
, it is considered unlikely that there was any significant early settlement of the area. At the time, most of Essex was covered by the Great Forest. It is believed that despite the Roman road between
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
and
Colchester Colchester () is a historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex, in the East of England. Colchester occupies the site of what was Camulodunum, the first Colonia (Roman), major Roman ci ...
passing through the town, the
Saxons The Saxons ( la, Saxones, german: Sachsen, ang, Seaxan, osx, Sahson, nds, Sassen, nl, Saksen) were a group of early Germanic Germanic may refer to: * Germanic peoples, an ethno-linguistic group identified by their use of the Germanic langua ...

Saxons
were the earliest settlers of the area. The borough was on a crossroads, where the Roman road from
Colchester Colchester () is a historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex, in the East of England. Colchester occupies the site of what was Camulodunum, the first Colonia (Roman), major Roman ci ...
to London crossed the route the pilgrims took over the
River Thames The River Thames ( ), known alternatively in parts as the The Isis, River Isis, is a river that flows through southern England including London. At , it is the longest river entirely in England and the Longest rivers of the United Kingdom, se ...
to Canterbury. A chapel was built in or around 1221, and in 1227 a market charter was granted. Its growth may have been stimulated by the cult of St. Thomas the Martyr, to whom the chapel was dedicated: the 13th-century ruin of
Thomas Becket Thomas Becket (), also known as Saint Thomas of Canterbury, Thomas of London and later Thomas à Becket (21 December 1119 or 1120 – 29 December 1170), was Archbishop of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bish ...

Thomas Becket
Chapel was a popular stopping point for pilgrims on their way to Canterbury. The ruin stands in the centre of the high street and the nearby parish church of Brentwood retains the dedication to St. Thomas of Canterbury. Pilgrims Hatch, or 'Pilgrims' gate', was probably named from pilgrims who crossed through on their way to the chapel. It is likely, however, that Brentwood's development was due chiefly to its main road position, its market, and its convenient location as an administrative centre. Early industries were connected mainly with textile and garment making, brewing, and brickmaking. During the
Peasants' Revolt The Peasants' Revolt, also named Wat Tyler's Rebellion or the Great Rising, was a major uprising across large parts of England in 1381. The revolt had various causes, including the socio-economic and political tensions generated by the Black ...
of 1381, Brentwood was the meeting place for some of the instigators, such as John Ball and
Jack Straw John Whitaker Straw (born 3 August 1946) is a British politician who served in the Cabinet from 1997 to 2010 under the Labour governments of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown. He held two of the traditional Great Offices of State, as Home Secretary f ...
. They apparently met regularly in local pubs and inns. The first event of the Peasants' Revolt occurred in Brentwood, when men from Fobbing, Corringham and Stanford were summoned by the commissioner Thomas Bampton to Brentwood to answer as to who had avoided paying the poll tax. Bampton insisted that the peasants pay what was demanded of them. The peasants refused to pay and a riot ensued as Bampton attempted to arrest the peasants. The peasants moved to kill Bampton, but he managed to escape to London. The rioters then, fearing the repercussions of what they had done, fled into the forest. After the riot the peasants sent word to the rest of the country and initiated the Peasants' Revolt. The Essex
assizes The courts of assize, or assizes (), were periodic courts held around England and Wales until 1972, when together with the quarter sessions they were abolished by the Courts Act 1971 and replaced by a single permanent Crown Court. The assizes exerc ...
were sometimes held here, as well as at
Chelmsford Chelmsford () is a City status in the United Kingdom, City, and the county town of Essex, in the East of England. It is located in the London commuter belt, approximately northeast of London and from Colchester. The population is approximate ...

Chelmsford
. One such pub was ''The White Hart'' (now a nightclub called '' Sugar Hut Village'' and showing little of its original historic interest), which is one of the oldest buildings in Brentwood; it is believed to have been built in 1480 although apocryphal evidence suggests a hostelry might have stood on the site as much as a hundred years earlier and been visited in 1392 by
Richard II Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400), also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was List of deposed politicians, deposed in 1399. Richard's father, Edward the Black Prince, Edward, Prince of ...

Richard II
, whose coat of arms included a white hart. The ground floor was originally stabling and in the mid-1700s the owners ran their own coach service to London. On 13 September 2009, the building and roof suffered significant damage during a fire. Marygreen Manor, a handsome 16th-century building on London Road, is mentioned in
Samuel Pepys Samuel Pepys ( ; 23 February 1633 – 26 May 1703) was an English diarist and naval administrator. He served as administrator of the Navy of England and Member of Parliament A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the people ...

Samuel Pepys
' diaries and is said to have been often visited by the Tudor monarch
Henry VIII Henry VIII (28 June 149128 January 1547) was King of England from 22 April 1509 until his death in 1547. Henry is best known for Wives of Henry VIII, his six marriages, including his efforts to have his first marriage (to Catherine of Aragon ...
when Henry Roper, Gentleman Pursuant to Queen
Catherine of Aragon Catherine of Aragon (; 16 December 1485 – 7 January 1536) was Queen of England as the first wife of King Henry VIII from their marriage on 11 June 1509 until their annulment on 23 May 1533. She was previously Princess of Wales as the ...

Catherine of Aragon
, lived there in 1514. It is now a hotel and restaurant. In 1686 Brentwood's inns were estimated to provide 110 beds and stabling for 183 horses. There were 11 inns in the town in 1788. Protestant martyr William Hunter was burnt at the stake in Brentwood in 1555. A monument to him was erected by subscription in 1861 at Wilson's Corner.
Brentwood SchoolBrentwood School may refer to: *Brentwood College School, Mill Bay, British Columbia, Canada *Brentwood School, Essex, England *Brentwood School (Los Angeles), California, United States *Brentwood School (Sandersville), Georgia, United States *Brentw ...

Brentwood School
was founded in 1557 and established in 1558, in Ingrave Road and behind the greens on Shenfield Road by Sir Anthony Browne and the site of Hunter's execution in commemorated by a plaque in the school. Thomas Munn, 'gentleman brickmaker' of Brentwood, met a less noble end when he was hanged for robbing the Yarmouth mail and his body was exhibited in chains at
Gallows Corner Gallows Corner is a major road junction in Romford in Greater London, England. It was the site of the gallows of the Royal Liberty of Havering, Liberty of Havering, hence the name. History During the 18th century, Gallows Corner was a copse-sid ...
, a road junction a few miles from Brentwood, in Romford. A ducking stool was mentioned in 1584. As the Roman road grew busier, Brentwood became a major coaching stop for stagecoaches, with plenty of inns for overnight accommodation as the horses were rested. A 'stage' was approximately ten miles, and being about from London, Brentwood would have been a second stop for travellers to
East Anglia East Anglia is a geographical area in the East of England The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. This region was created in 1994 and was adopted for statistics purposes from 1999. It includes the ceremonial ...
. This has not changed; there is an above average number of pubs in the area - possibly due to the army being stationed at
Warley Barracks Warley Barracks was a military installation at Warley, Essex, Warley near Brentwood, Essex, Brentwood in Essex. History The local common was used as a military camp in 1742, with thousands of troops camped there during the summer months. It was an ...
until 1958. Some of the pubs date back to the 15th and 16th centuries. Brentwood was also significant as a hub for the London postal service, with a major post office since the 18th century. The major post office on the high street was closed in the 2008 budget cuts; Brentwood residents now must rely on sub-post offices.
Daniel Defoe Daniel Defoe (; born Daniel Foe; c. 1660 – 24 April 1731) was an English writer, trader, journalist, pamphleteer Pamphleteer is a historical term for someone who creates or distributes pamphlet A pamphlet is an unbound book A book is ...

Daniel Defoe
wrote about Brentwood as being "...full of good inns, and chiefly maintained by the excessive multitude of carriers and passengers, which are constantly passing this way to London, with droves of cattle, provisions and manufactures." The 'Brentwood Ring', the earliest Christian ring ever to have been discovered in Britain was found in Brentwood in the late 1940s. It now resides at the
British Museum The British Museum, in the Bloomsbury Bloomsbury is a district in the West End of London The West End of London (commonly referred to as the West End) is a district of Central London Central London is the innermost part of Lond ...

British Museum
in London. The only other ring of its type in existence can be found at the
Vatican Museum The Vatican Museums ( it, Musei Vaticani; la, Musea Vaticana) are the public museums of the Vatican City Vatican City (), officially the Vatican City State ( it, Stato della Città del Vaticano; la, Status Civitatis Vaticanae),—' * ...
in
Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption = The te ...

Rome
.


Modern history

Brentwood originated as an ancient parish of 460 acres (1.86 km2). In 1891 the population was 4,949. Under the
Local Government Act 1894 The Local Government Act 1894 (56 & 57 Vict. c. 73) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organi ...
, the Brentwood parish formed part of the
Billericay Rural District Billericay Rural District was a local government district in Essex, England from 1894 to 1934. It consisted of the following parishes: *Basildon *Brentwood, Essex, Brentwood (1894–1899; used to create Brentwood Urban District) *Bowes Giffor ...
of Essex. In 1899 the parish was removed from the rural district and formed the
Brentwood Urban District Brentwood Urban District was a local government district in south Essex, England from 1899 to 1974. The district was created in 1899 from the parish of Brentwood, Essex, Brentwood which from 1894 had formed part of Billericay Rural District. In ...
. In 1934 the parish and district were enlarged by gaining Hutton, Ingrave and South Weald. The district was abolished in 1974 by the
Local Government Act 1972 The Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and ...
, and Brentwood urban district was joined with the parishes of Ingatestone and Fryerning, Mountnessing, Doddinghurst, Blackmore, Navestock, Kelvedon Hatch, and Stondon Massey to form the Brentwood district with a total area of 36,378 acres. In 1976 the new district was divided into 18 wards, with 39 councillors. In 1993, Brentwood gained borough status. In 1917, the Roman Catholic church on Ingrave road was awarded cathedral status. Between 1989 and 1991 the building was modified to an Italianate Classical style.
Brentwood Cathedral The Cathedral of St Mary and St Helen is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Brentwood, Essex, England. It is the seat of the Diocese of Brentwood. History Brentwood Cathedral began in 1861 as a parish church built in a Gothic style. This relatively sm ...

Brentwood Cathedral
is currently the seat of the
Roman Catholic Roman or Romans most often refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Laz ...

Roman Catholic
Bishop of Brentwood The Bishop of Brentwood is the Ordinary (Catholic Church), Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Brentwood in the Province of Westminster, England. Overview The diocese covers the historic county of Essex, an area of comprising the non-metro ...
. Incidentally,
Ingatestone Hall Ingatestone Hall is a Listed building, Grade I listed 16th-century manor house in Essex, England. It is located outside the village of Ingatestone, approximately south west of Chelmsford and north east of London. The house was built by Sir Wil ...
, noted for its Roman Catholic connections through the Petres, is a 16th-century manor house built by Sir William Petre at Yenge-atte-Stone. The staunch Petres played a significant role in the preservation of the Catholic faith in England. Sir William was assistant to
Thomas Cromwell Thomas Cromwell, (; 1485 – 28 July 1540) was an English lawyer and statesman who served as List of English chief ministers, chief minister to King Henry VIII from 1534 to 1540, when he was beheaded on orders of the king. Cromwell was one o ...
when
Henry VIII Henry VIII (28 June 149128 January 1547) was King of England from 22 April 1509 until his death in 1547. Henry is best known for Wives of Henry VIII, his six marriages, including his efforts to have his first marriage (to Catherine of Aragon ...
sought to dissolve the monasteries and ascended to the confidential post of Secretary of State, throughout the revolutionary changes of four Tudor monarchs: Henry VIII, Edward VI of England, Edward VI, Mary I of England, Mary I, and Elizabeth I of England, Elizabeth I. Queen Mary, in 1553, on her way to claim her crown in London, stopped at Ingatestone Hall; later, Queen Elizabeth I spent several nights at the hall on her royal progress of 1561. Today, Ingatestone Hall, like all other large Tudor houses, is an expression of wealth and status and retains many of the features of a 16th-century knightly residence, despite alterations by descendants who still live in the house. Ingatestone Hall represented the exterior of Bleak House in the 2005 television adaptation of Charles Dickens' novel, and also appeared in an episode of the television series ''Lovejoy''. It is open to the public for tours, concerts, and performances; the hall and grounds can be rented for weddings and other occasions. Brentwood was the location of Warley Hospital, a psychiatric hospital, from 1853 to 2001. A British East India Company elephant training school was based in Brentwood and this remained an active army base as a depot for the Essex Regiment until 1959, when much of the site was redeveloped as the European headquarters for the Ford Motor Company. A few buildings remain from the Barracks – the regimental chapel, the gymnasium (now home to Brentwood Trampoline Club) and the officers' mess (now Marillac Hospital).


Military history

The military has associations with Warley, Essex, Warley going back over 200 years. It also had strategic importance during the time of the Spanish Armada - it was used as a meeting place for contingents from eight eastern and midland counties (900 horsemen assembled here) to then travel on to Tilbury. The local common was used as a military camp in 1742, and became a permanent feature as
Warley Barracks Warley Barracks was a military installation at Warley, Essex, Warley near Brentwood, Essex, Brentwood in Essex. History The local common was used as a military camp in 1742, with thousands of troops camped there during the summer months. It was an ...
in 1804. During World War II, over 1,000 bombs were dropped on Brentwood, with 19 flying bombs (V-1 flying bomb, V1), 32 long-range rockets (V2 rocket, V2) and many incendiary bombs and parachute mines. 5,038 houses were destroyed, 389 people were injured and 43 died. The 15th- and 16th-century pubs, however, survived. Brentwood had been considered a safe enough haven to evacuate London children here - 6,000 children arrived in September 1939 alone.


Today

The town is increasingly suburban, but it does have a very rural feel, with trees, fields and open spaces all around the town; Shenfield Common is also less than one mile from town centre shops. Brentwood's high street has also been subject to major redevelopment works costing between £3 million and £7 million. This included the demolition of the ''Sir Charles Napier'' pub to build an additional lane to improve traffic flow at the west end of the high street, and re-laying the pavements and road surface in the high street itself.


Education

Secondary schools include Brentwood County High School, Brentwood School, Essex, Brentwood School, St Martin's School, Brentwood, St Martin's School and Becket Keys Church of England School. Primary schools include St Helens, St Peters C of E


Business

The Ford Motor Company's United Kingdom headquarters are located in the suburb of Warley, Essex, Warley, as are the property developers Countryside Properties. Hinge manufacturers NV Tools are based in Hutton. From the financial services sector, Equity Insurance Group, comprising Equity Red Star (of Lloyd's of London), affinity provider Equity Direct Broking Limited and motorcycle insurance broker Bike Team, is headquartered in the town centre. General insurance broker Brents was established in the town in 1963. The Bank of New York Mellon also has a substantial presence in Brentwood, as does LV=, employing 350 people there. The previous headquarters of electronics company Amstrad were located in Brentwood. The television show ''The Apprentice (UK TV series), The Apprentice'' used overhead views of the Canary Wharf business district in London as an accompaniment to interior shots of the previous Amstrad offices, Amstrad House, which has since been converted into a Premier Inn hotel. CareCo, a national mobility retailer have their headquarters in Brentwood, along with their first showroom. Well-known businesses that used to operate in the town include vacuum flask manufacturer Thermos, and George Nissen, Nissen whose UK factory and headquarters were established in the town by Ted Blake in the mid-1960s but closed in the 1980s. The unemployment rate in Brentwood is 1.9%.


Local government and politics

Brentwood forms part of the larger Brentwood (borough), Borough of Brentwood, which also encompasses the surrounding smaller suburbs and villages and is based at Brentwood Town Hall. For elections to Westminster, Brentwood forms part of the Brentwood and Ongar (UK Parliament constituency), Brentwood and Ongar constituency. There is a proposal for creating Dunton Garden Suburb on land between Basildon and Brentwood. This proposal may have 6,000 homes, together with retail, commercial and leisure uses. This is a join proposal of the two councils and a public consultation ended in March 2015. The proposal has met with criticism from all political parties and the residents group Residents Against Inappropriate Development


Arts and media

The Brentwood Theatre and The Hermitage are the main cultural buildings in Brentwood, located on the same site in the town centre. Brentwood Theatre is a fully fitted community theatre that serves more than 40 non-professional performing arts groups. Owned and maintained by an independent charity, Brentwood Theatre receives no regular arts funding or subsidy. The Hermitage is used as the centre for Brentwood Youth Service. The Hermitage youth service operates its own cafe, youth club and a live music venue called ''The Hermit'', which has had hosted bands such as Motörhead and InMe. InMe were heavily supported in their early years by the venue, whose purpose is to promote and encourage youth bands. It also plays host to private events such as a weekly jazz club that was run by the saxophonist Spike Robinson until his death. Both venues co-host the Brentwood Blues Festival, a music event that has played host to the Ian Dury and the Blockheads, Blockheads and Bill Wyman. The Brentwood Centre, on the edge of town, hosts the annual Brentwood Festival which has included acts such as UB40 and The Dualers. A community radio station, Phoenix FM serves the Brentwood area. The station was formed in August 1996 and broadcast ten trial broadcasts under a restricted service licence, each lasting 28 days, the first starting on 29 December 1996 and the last ending on 25 February 2006. On 23 March 2007, the station started to broadcast permanently on 98.0 FM, featuring popular music, local musicians and acts, local events, and interviews with key local figures. The Brentwood Art Trail has become a popular annual summer event which was developed to create an arts experience whereby art created by local people can be recognised and appreciated. Brentwood is also home to the Brentwood Imperial Youth Band, which perform at many events throughout the year. It is a successful band and attracts youngsters from the age of 10 from Brentwood and surrounding areas. It was the first British band to ever take part in the Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, California and the first youth band to play the Spasskaya Tower Military Music Festival and Tattoo on Moscow's Red Square. It meets twice a week in Warley. Among the many theatre companies in the region, Brentwood Operatic Society and Shenfield Operatic Society are two that represent the many groups providing excellent theatrical productions for the community. Brentwood Operatic Society also trains young actors with its ''BOSSY Youth'' acting program, headed by Gaynor Wilson, who formerly directed actor Stephen Moyer. David Pickthall serves as musical director when not scoring films and television shows for the BBC, directing British orchestras, and composing. The award-winning composer wrote two operas and three musicals, published worldwide by Samuel French Ltd. He is also the musical voice of the villainous penguin in the Oscar-winning ''Wallace & Grommit: The Wrong Trousers''. Brentwood's Orchestras for Young People was founded in 1990 and grew to include five ensembles for orchestral instrumentalists of school age, who perform regularly in and around the town. Regular rehearsals and workshops introduce the musicians to a wide variety of music, from well-known classical pieces to modern music. The Brentwood Performing Arts Festival has now been accepted into membership by the British and International Federation of Festivals of which Queen Elizabeth II is patron. With this, the Festival has achieved recognition as the Festival of Performing Arts for Brentwood. The town is the venue of the Brentwood International Chess Congress which was set up in 2006 and first ran 17–18 February 2007. The congress attracted 235 competitors who included three Grandmaster (chess), Grandmasters and five International Masters. The prize fund is relatively generous in comparison to many other similar congresses, being around £4,000. In 2007 it was the largest chess competition to be held in Essex and was organised by Brentwood Chess Club.


Sport, parks and open spaces

Although close to the extremities of Greater London, Brentwood is surrounded by open countryside and woodland. This has been cited as showing the success of the Metropolitan Green Belt in halting the outward spread of London's built-up area. Brentwood has a number of public open spaces including List of King George V Playing Fields in Essex, King George V Playing Field, Shenfield Common, and two country parks at South Weald and Thorndon.
Weald Country Park Weald Country Park is a 700-year-old, 500 acre (2 km²) country park in South Weald in the borough of Brentwood (borough), Brentwood in the English county of Essex. It is on the north-east fringe of Greater London. Weald manor, parts of whi ...
was first chosen to hold the 2012 Olympics mountain biking but was declared to be "too easy" a course. Brentwood does however host a number of Criterium Cycle Races that attract many of Britain's greatest cyclists. The town has two large sports centres providing access to a range of sports including badminton, squash, swimming, and football. There are a number of golf courses, including a 70-par municipal course very close to the town centre at Hartswood as well as others in the surrounding countryside. A number of cricket clubs exist in and around the town although the County Ground, closest to the town centre, no longer hosts Essex matches. Brentwood is also home to non-league football club Brentwood Town F.C. and basketball team London Leopards, who both play at the Brentwood Centre Arena. The town is also home to London league club Brentwood RLFC, the only rugby league club in west Essex. Brentwood Hockey Club is also based in the town at the Old County Ground and fielded 6 mens and 5 ladies league teams for the 2014–15 season. Although no longer manufactured here, Brentwood became the centre of trampolining in the United Kingdom between 1965 and 1981 after George Nissen brought the new sport to the town in 1949 and eventually manufactured trampolines in the town, continuing to do so for many years after they ceased production in the US for fear of litigation. Ted Blake, a long-term Brentwood resident, was managing director of Nissen UK from its inception until shortly before it closed and became a leading figure worldwide in the development of modern trampolining. Brentwood still has a thriving trampolining community but no longer a local factory. The town also has a large volleyball club and the only Team handball, handball club in Essex.


Notable people

* Trevor Brooking - former footballer * Frank Bruno - boxer * Leddra Chapman - singer * Steve Davis - snooker player *Flynn Downes - footballer * Jonathan Firth - actor * Barry Hearn - sports investor * Jonty Hearnden - television presenter * Johnny Herbert - three times Formula One race winner and winner of 1991 Le Mans 24 hours * John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent, John Jervis - Admiral of the Fleet (Royal Navy), admiral of the fleet and patron of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, Nelson * Matthew Jorysz - Organist * Sarah Kane - playwright * Ross Kemp - actor * Carlton Leach - former criminal * Pixie Lott - singer * Jodie Marsh - glamour model * Perry McCarthy - Formula One driver (former Top Gear (2002 TV series), Top Gear Stig) * Dave McPherson (musician), Dave McPherson - musician * Billy Murray (actor), Billy Murray - actor * Noel Moore - Civil Servant * Stephen Moyer - actor * Ray Parlour - footballer * Eric Pickles - Conservative MP * Louise Redknapp - model and singer * Neil Ruddock - former footballer * Jeff Randall (journalist), Jeff Randall - journalist * Logan Sama - grime DJ * Ellie Taylor - comedian * Rhys Thomas (comedian), Rhys Thomas - actor, director, comedian, producer and writer * Fatima Whitbread - Olympic medallist * Paul Wickens - musician * Danny Young (actor), Danny Young - actor Brentwood School, Essex, Brentwood School pupils: * Douglas Adams - writer * Robin Day - British political broadcaster and commentator * Noel Edmonds - television presenter * Frank Lampard - footballer * Griff Rhys Jones - actor * Jack Straw - English politician


Transport


Buses

Brentwood is served by a number of bus services, many being operated by First Essex. The other main public transport providers include Ensignbus, Arriva Shires & Essex and Stagecoach London. List of bus routes in London, London Buses route 498 links Romford with Brentwood and operates daily.


Road

The A12 road (England), A12 road, which runs between London and Lowestoft, by-passes the town to the north and the London orbital
M25 motorway The M25 or London Orbital Motorway is a major road encircling most of Greater London Greater London is an administrative area Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, su ...
is located 1.2 miles (2 km) to the south-west of the town.


Railway

Brentwood railway station is located to the south of the town centre and is served by TfL Rail stopping services between Liverpool Street station, London Liverpool Street and Shenfield railway station, Shenfield; in 2019, this line was scheduled to be integrated with Crossrail, becoming one of the two eastern branches of the Elizabeth Line, but this target date, like others before it, has slipped. Also within the Brentwood (borough), borough of Brentwood are Ingatestone railway station, Ingatestone and Shenfield stations (with fast services to Liverpool Street) and West Horndon railway station, West Horndon (with services between Fenchurch Street station, London Fenchurch Street and Shoeburyness railway station, Shoeburyness). The nearest London Underground stations are situated just outside of the Borough of Brentwood, at Newbury Park (Central Line) and Upminster station, Upminster (District line).


References


External links

* http://www.activbrentwood.com - Comprehensive Guide to Brentwood
Brentwood Borough Council
- Welcome to Brentwood (PDF)
Churches in Brentwood
- The Website of Churches Together in Brentwood
BBC's H2G2 Entry on Brentwood
* {{Authority control Brentwood (Essex town), Towns in Essex Towns with cathedrals in the United Kingdom Borough of Brentwood Unparished areas in Essex