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Mumbai
Mumbai
Harbour
Harbour
(Marathi: मुंबई बंदर Mumba'ī bandar), or Front Bay (sometimes referred as Mumbai
Mumbai
Harbour), is a natural deep-water harbour in the southern portion of the Ulhas River estuary. The narrower, northern part of the estuary is called Thane Creek. The harbour opens to the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
to the south. The historical island of Elephanta is one of the six islands that lie in the harbour. Front Bay is the official name of the harbour[citation needed], so named because the city started as a tiny settlement facing the harbour. The waterbody behind the original settlement, forming an arc between the former Colaba island and Bombay island, up to the Malabar Hill promontory or peninsula, was similarly called Back Bay. Front Bay is home to the Mumbai
Mumbai
Port, which lies in the south section of the western edge of the harbour. Jawaharlal Nehru Port
Jawaharlal Nehru Port
and Navi Mumbai
Mumbai
lie to the east on the Konkan
Konkan
mainland, and the city of Mumbai lies to the west on Salsette
Salsette
Island. The Gateway of India
Gateway of India
with its jetty for Elephanta is the most important tourist destination, followed by the INS Vikrant
INS Vikrant
maritime Museum.

Contents

1 Islands 2 Mumbai
Mumbai
Port 3 Ecology 4 Pollution 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Islands[edit]

Bombay harbour 1626

The harbour east of the city

There are six islands in the Mumbai
Mumbai
Harbour.[1] Butcher Island, also known as Jawahar Dweep, is used as an oil terminal by the Mumbai
Mumbai
Port. It has jetties for tankers and various other infrastructure for offloading crude oil and for loading refined petroleum products. The island is restricted to port employees, and not open to the public. Cross Island is a small, uninhabited islet just off the coast of the Dockyard Road. Though the remains of old fortifications are visible, the island itself is restricted to the public. Gharapuri Island, also known as Elephanta Island, is the best known of the islands in Mumbai
Mumbai
Harbour. The Elephanta Caves
Elephanta Caves
located on the island are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The group of five larger caves have intricate Hindu
Hindu
religious rock sculptures. Two smaller caves have Buddhist
Buddhist
religious sculptures. The carvings date back to between 5th and 8th centuries. Middle Ground Coastal Battery
Middle Ground Coastal Battery
is a small islet in the Thane
Thane
creek. It features an antique coastal gun battery of the Indian Navy. The guns salute Indian naval vessels returning from deployments when they enter the harbour. Oyster Rock
Oyster Rock
is a small group of rock outcroppings in the harbour. The area has restricted access since it is used for naval exercises. Salsette
Salsette
Island is the large island on which the cities of Mumbai
Mumbai
and Thane
Thane
are located. It is separated from the Konkan
Konkan
mainland by the Vasai
Vasai
creek and the Ulhas river. Mumbai
Mumbai
was originally a distinct island from Thane, but reclamation of land has long since merged the islands. Powai Lake, Tulsi Lake
Tulsi Lake
and Vihar Lake
Vihar Lake
are the largest lakes on the island. Mumbai
Mumbai
Port[edit] Main article: Mumbai
Mumbai
Port Mumbai Port
Mumbai Port
(MbPT) lies midway (18°56.3′N 72°45.9′E / 18.9383°N 72.7650°E / 18.9383; 72.7650) on the western shore of Mumbai
Mumbai
Harbour.[2] The port was the pre-eminent commercial port of India in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It is known as the gateway to India, and has been a primary factor in the emergence of Mumbai
Mumbai
as the commercial capital of India. Ecology[edit] Mangrove
Mangrove
swamps line much of the northwestern and eastern shores of the harbour, and provide a rich habitat for wildlife, including thousands of migrating birds such as flamingoes. Pollution[edit] Due to immense population pressures from the Mumbai
Mumbai
metropolitan region and the extremely busy maritime trade, the Harbour
Harbour
is considered to be heavily polluted. This includes reports of heavy metals flux found in the creeks adjacent to the harbour with the harbour acting as a sink for most of the pollutants.[3] See also[edit]

Sunk Rock Lighthouse

References[edit]

^ "Islands of Mumbai". Indian Islands Tour. Retrieved 2011-09-23.  ^ "Port Profile". Mumbai Port
Mumbai Port
Trust. Archived from the original on 2011-08-25. Retrieved 2011-09-23.  ^ "IAPSO". Iugg.org. Retrieved 2011-07-22. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mumbai
Mumbai
harbour.

Mumbai Port
Mumbai Port
Trust

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Islands of Mumbai
Mumbai
Harbour

Butcher Island Cross Island Elephanta Island Oyster Rock Middle Ground

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Mumbai
Mumbai
topics

History

Timeline Silhara dynasty Bombay Presidency Seven Islands of Bombay Elephanta Caves Banganga Tank Old Bombay Worli Fort Girangaon Samyukta Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Movement Tanks Growth of Mumbai 1992–93 riots 1993 bombings 2008 attacks Terrorism

Geography

Powai Lake Vihar Lake Tulsi Lake Thane
Thane
Creek Mahim Bay Back Bay Mithi River Ulhas River Gilbert Hill Malabar Hill Salsette
Salsette
Island Mumbai
Mumbai
Harbour Middle Ground Climate Beaches Eastern Suburbs Western Suburbs South Mumbai Neighbourhoods

Buildings

Architecture of Mumbai Gateway of India Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Naval Dockyard Bombay Stock Exchange Hutatma Chowk General Post Office Shreepati Arcade Regal Cinema Mount Mary's Church Haji Ali Dargah Flora Fountain David Sassoon Library Mumba Devi Temple Mahalaxmi Temple Prince of Wales Museum National Gallery of Modern Art Asiatic Society of Mumbai Jehangir Art Gallery Gowalia Tank Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Mahim Church

Transport

Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport
(BEST) Mumbai
Mumbai
Suburban Railway Central Railway Western Railway Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport Juhu Aerodrome Auto rickshaw Metro Monorail Skywalk Western railway elevated corridor Water transport Mumbai
Mumbai
Bus Rapid Transit System Mumbai
Mumbai
Urban Transport Project

Roads

Airoli Bridge Altamount Road Bandra–Worli Sea Link Carmichael Road Colaba Causeway Currey Road Bridge Dadabhai Naoroji Road Eastern Express Highway Eastern Freeway Fashion Street Hughes Road Jeejabai Bhosle Marg JVLR Linking Road Lady Jamshetjee Road LBS Marg Lamington Road Mahim Causeway Marine Drive MTHL Nepean Sea Road P D'Mello Road Pedder Road Princess Street SCLR SV Road Sahar Elevated Access Road Sion Panvel Highway Vashi Bridge Veera Desai Road Western Express Highway

Economy

Bombay Stock Exchange National Stock Exchange of India Reserve Bank of India Mint Dalal Street Nariman Point

Education and Research

Universities & Colleges

University of Mumbai
Mumbai
(MU) SNDT Women's University Indian Institute of Technology - Bombay (IIT-B) Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute
Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute
(VJTI) Mulund College of Commerce ICT (formerly UDCT) NITIE Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies
Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies
(JBIMS) SP Jain Institute of Management and Research NMIMS St. Xavier's College Sathaye College Ramnarain Ruia College DG Ruparel College Ramniranjan Anandilal Podar College of Commerce and Economics V. G. Vaze College of Arts, Science and Commerce

Schools

Bombay Scottish School Campion School Cathedral and John Connon School Dhirubhai Ambani International School Dr. Antonio Da Silva High School Jamnabai Narsee School Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan King George High School, Dadar(E) St. Theresa's Boys High School

Institutes for Science & Learning

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
(TIFR) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
(BARC) Nehru Planetarium Nehru Science Centre Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CBS)

Civic

Mayor Police Commissioner Municipal Commissioner Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation Mumbai
Mumbai
Police Wards Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport Demographics Water sources Bombay High
Bombay High
Court Sheriff

Culture

Marathi Mumbaiya/Bombaiya/Bambaiya Dabbawalas Mumbaikar Street food Vada pav Bhelpuri Sevpuri Dahi puri Panipuri Ragda pattice Cultural centres Cinemas Kala Ghoda festival Mumbai
Mumbai
Marathon Tourist attractions Little Bombay, Jersey City, USA

Religion in Mumbai

Jainism in Mumbai Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bombay History of the Jews in Mumbai List of churches in Mumbai Anglican Diocese of Bombay Mumbai
Mumbai
Orthodox Diocese

Other topics

Bombay High Kamathipura Dharavi People from Mumbai

Category Commons Mumbai
Mumbai
portal

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Major ports in India

Chennai Port Cochin Port Ennore Port Jawaharlal Nehru Port Kandla Kolkata Port Trust New Mangalore Port Mormugao Mumbai
Mumbai
Port Paradip Port Port Blair Port Tuticorin Port

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