Bernhard Henrik Crusell (15 October 1775 – 28 July 1838) was a Swedish-Finnish clarinetist, composer and translator, "the most significant and internationally best-known Finnish-born classical composer and indeed, — the outstanding Finnish composer before Sibelius".
1 Early life and training 2 Career as a clarinetist 3 Career as a composer 4 Other accomplishments and awards 5 Crusell Music Festival 6 List of musical works
6.1 Soloist with orchestra 6.2 Chamber music 6.3 Vocal works 6.4 Music for stage
7 Notes 8 Cited sources 9 Other sources 10 External links
Early life and training
Crusell was born in
In his little town of birth there was only one person who had an active interest in music: a shop assistant who could be heard in the evenings playing the flute for his own amusement. One night, the four-year-old Berndt was sitting in the street, leaning against a wall, on top of the world with admiration for the sweet melodies. His parents, who had been looking for their son for a long time, scolded him severely, but this could not stop the boy from returning to his favourite spot the next evening. This time he got a beating for his disobedience, but as it was to no avail, they left him to his "craze", confident that he would come back home as soon as the flute went silent...
When Crusell was eight, the family moved to
Movements: Allegro – Adagio – Rondo. Allegretto Completed in 1808? or 1810; published Leipzig, A. Kühnel, 1811, plate no. 907 (after 1814 reprinted by C. F. Peters). Duration: ca. 22 minutes. Other publications:
Edition by Fabian Dahlström with assistance of Margareta Rörby. Stockholm: Edition Reimers, 1995, full score (xxi, 158 pages; includes prefatory notes in English and Swedish and "Critical commentary", pp. 153–158) OCLC 34351150. Edition for clarinet and piano by Brent Coppenbarger. Wiesbaden [etc.]: Breitkopf & Härtel, 2000 (copyright 1990, Monteux: Musica Rara), score (45 pages) and part OCLC 66044639. Edition for clarinet and piano by Pamela Weston. Vienna: Universal Edition, 1990, score (30 pages) and part (11 pages) OCLC 277190887, 24315821, 369133146; reprint 2004, ISBN 978-3-7024-1558-7, OCLC 316025438. Urtext Edition for clarinet and piano by Nicolai Pfeffer. Munich: Henle, 2016, cat. no. HN 1208, score (31 pages) and part (11 pages), ISMN 979-0-2018-1208-3.
Movements: Allegro – Andante pastorale – Rondo. Allegretto First performed 1815; published Leipzig, C. F. Peters, 1817, plate no. 1335. Duration: ca. 24 minutes. Other publications:
Edition for clarinet and piano, with cadenza, by Jost Michaels. Hamburg: Sikorski, ca.1962, plate H.S.549, cat. no. 549, score (35 pages) and part OCLC 277176309, 221334057. Edition for clarinet and piano by Pamela Weston. Vienna: Universal Edition, 1991, score (29 pages) and part (11 pages) OCLC 26218888. Urtext Edition for clarinet and piano by Nicolai Pfeffer. Munich: Henle, 2015, cat. no. HN 1209, score (31 pages) and part (11 pages), ISMN 979-0-2018-1209-0.
Movements: Allegro risoluto – Andante moderato – Alla polacca Composed ca. 1807?, later revised and published Leipzig, C. F. Peters, 1829, plate no. 2077. Duration: ca. 25 minutes. Other publications:
Edited by Mayer. New York: Edition Peters, Full score[permanent dead link]; String parts (188.8.131.52.1)[permanent dead link]; Wind parts (184.108.40.206–220.127.116.11—Timp)[permanent dead link]. Edition for clarinet and piano by Bieger/ Foerster. New York: Edition Peters, GM 1129[permanent dead link]. Edition for clarinet and piano by Pamela Weston. Vienna: Universal Edition, 1988, cat. no. 18267, score (36 pages) and part (12 pages) OCLC 277176313, 29756553. Urtext Edition for clarinet and piano by Nicolai Pfeffer. Munich: Henle, 2015, cat. no. HN 1210, score (32 pages) and part (12 pages), ISMN 979-0-2018-1210-6.
Sinfonia concertante in B-flat major, for clarinet, horn, bassoon and orchestra, Op. 3
Movements: Allegro – Andante sostenuto – Allegro ma non tanto First performed 1804; revised and published Leipzig, C. F. Peters, 1830. Other publications:
Amsterdam: KW-Verlag, 1961, score (68 pages) and 22 parts OCLC 473737390, 71483351, 21900633. Piano reduction. Amsterdam: KaWe, 1981; plate KW50a, score (18 pages); plate K.51W, 3 solo parts OCLC 11704272, 495858539, 314306269; reprint 1985 OCLC 314418643.
Concertino in B-flat major, for bassoon and orchestra
Completed and published Leipzig, C. F. Peters, 1829. Other publications:
Arrangement for bassoon and piano by Harri Ahmas. Helsinki: Musiikki Fazer Musik, 1984, FM 06658-9, score (33 pages) and part (8 pages) OCLC 12886100, 472360592; reprint [Helsinki?]: Warner/Chappell Music Finland, 1995, ISBN 978-951-757-485-3, OCLC 49790635. Helsinki, Fennica Gehrman Oy, 2015: score (87 pages) and parts, ISMN 979-0-55011-250-6.
Introduction et Air suedois, for clarinet and orchestra, Op. 12
Alternate title: Introduction and Variations for
Hamburg: Musikverlag Hans Sikorski, 1983, plate H.S. 1263 K, score (23 pages) and part (7 pages) OCLC 271806031. Winterthur: Amadeus, 1992, score (15 pages) part (7 pages) OCLC 496748832, 316294677, 29937522; reprint 2006 OCLC 316294677.
Airs suedois for bassoon and orchestra (1814)
This work is often confused with Introduction et Air suedois for clarinet and orchestra above. It is an entirely different piece. Airs suedois for bassoon has remained relatively obscure because of the loss of the full score. It is nevertheless a fine and interesting work. Orchestrated by Graham Sheen [score available from the editor]. London: Park Publications, 1985, score (35 pages) and part (10 pages) OCLC 83527195. Solo bassoon part and composer's piano reduction published by Emerson Edition, edited by Graham Sheen
Recorded by Graham Sheen and Elizabeth Burley on SFZ Music CD "Goodbye, Mr Galliard" SFZM0109 Recorded by Knut Sonstevold and Stefan Lindgren on Daphne CD "Fagottissimo" Also: [London]: British Double Reed Society, ca. 1993, score (21 pages) and part OCLC 315579789.
Quartet in E-flat major for clarinet, violin, viola and cello, Op. 2
Composed 1807?; published Leipzig, A. Kühnel, 1811. Other publications:
Edition Peters, cat. no. EKB 019. After the edition by Bernhard Päuler. Winterthur: Amadeus, 2006, score (15 pages) and 4 parts OCLC 143629504, 219822346. Arrangement for 3 clarinets and bass clarinet by Béla Kovács. Leverkusen: Edition Darok, ca. 1996, score (20 pages) and 4 parts OCLC 493914889.
Quartet in C minor for clarinet, violin, viola and cello, Op. 4
Composed 1804?; published Leipzig, C. F. Peters, 1817. Other publications:
Edition Peters, cat. no. EKB 039. After the edition by Bernhard Päuler. Winterthur: Amadeus, 2006, score (16 pages) + 4 parts OCLC 143629861, 219816803, 317648992. Manuscript edition by Lyle T. Barkhymer (Indiana University), 1975, score (pp. 53–91) and 4 parts OCLC 13024716.
Quartet in D major for clarinet, violin, viola and cello, Op. 7
Composed 1821?; published Leipzig, C. F. Peters, 1823, cat. nos. 1723 and 1783B. Other publications:
Edition Peters, cat. no. EKB 040. Transcription for oboe in C major by Kurt Meier. Winterthur: Amadeus, 2002, score (16 pages) and 4 parts OCLC 216912237, 56612024, 85272139
Quartet in D major for flute, violin, viola and cello, Op. 8 (Edition Peters EKB 056)
Arrangement of Op. 7 Composed 1821?; published Leipzig, C. F. Peters, 1823. Other publications:
Helsinki: Suomalaisen Musiikin Tiedotuskeskus, 1991, score (25 pages) and 3 parts OCLC 30964138. Edition by Kurt Meier. Winterthur: Amadeus/Bernhard Päuler, 2002, miniature score (16 pages) and 4 parts OCLC 163139099, 519199702, 52367998. Arrangement ("Sonata") for flute and piano by Timo Hongisto. Espoo: Fazer Music, 1990, score (44 pages) and part OCLC 66487836.
Three clarinet duets: No. 1 in F major, No. 2 in D minor (score), No. 3 in C major
Published Leipzig, C. F. Peters, 1821. Other publications:
Edition Peters, cat. no. EP 7780. Three progressive clarinet duets, London: Hinrichsen Edition, 1960, score (3 volumes score and 3 parts) OCLC 221151418.
Concert Trio (Potpourri) for clarinet, horn, and bassoon
Edition by Bernhard Päuler. Winterthur: Amadeus, 2005, score (8 pages) and 3 parts OCLC 69664938, 218898550, 150238464; OCLC 427966254, 314684689. Arrangement by Stig Rybrant. Lidingö: Busch, 2007, score (12 pages) and parts OCLC 315794765.
Divertimento in C major for oboe, two violins, viola and cello, Op. 9
Free score at IMSLP. Dates: published Leipzig, C. F. Peters, 1823, cat. no. 1728. Other publications:
Edition by Bernhard Päuler. Winterthur: Amadeus, 2003, score (15 pages) and 5 parts OCLC 164935031.
Frithiofs saga (10 songs), for voice and piano
Texts by Esaias Tegnér Published Stockholm, 1826; enlarged 1827. Other publications:
Zwölf Gesänge aus der Frithiof's Saga (Twelve Songs from the Frithiof's Saga), translated from Swedish by Gottlieb Mohnike. Leipzig : C.F. Peters, , score (28 pages) OCLC 35515659. Tolf sånger ur Frithiofs saga, Stockholm: Elkan & Schildknecht, [186-?], score (35 pages) OCLC 16449386. Lund: Gleerup; Copenhagen: Lose & Olsen, no date, score (28 pages) OCLC 473459716.
"From Ganges' beauteous strands" for voice, clarinet & piano
From incidental music to Den lilla slafvinnan (The little bondswoman). Originally for soprano and chamber orchestra. Published Ampleforth, Yorkshire: Emerson Edition, 1980, score (22 pages) and 2 parts OCLC 7818366.
"Oi terve Pohjola!" for vocal quartet
Swedish title: "Hell dig, du höga Nord!" ("Hail, O Northland!") Also arranged for chorus. Probably Crusell's most famous composition in Finland.
Music for stage
Lilla slavinnan (The Little Slave Girl), opera in 3 acts
Libretto by René Charles Guilbert de Pixérécourt; translated by
Ulrik Emanuel Mannerhjerta and G. Lagerbjelke.
First performed in
Piano reduction by Ludwig Anton Edvard Passy. Stockholm: Westerberg, [ca. 1825], score (52 pages, "obl. fol.") OCLC 497781417. Libretto, Stockholm, 1824 OCLC 186783678. Motive from "Tusen och en natt". Helsingfors, 1909, score (4 pages) OCLC 58237418.
^ Crusell's given names are also sometimes spelled Berndt and Henric
(Winter, 1925, OCLC 58221891, 249964610). He died in Stockholm.
See Dahlström, Fabian (2001). "Crusell, Bernhard" in Sadie.
^ a b c d See biography of Crusell by Tel Asiado at
Asiado, Tel (2004). "Bernhard Henrik Crusell (1775-1838). Swedish-Finnish clarinetist, composer and translator." at Mozart Forum. Hillila, Ruth-Esther and Barbara Blanchard Hong (1997). Historical dictionary of the music and musicians of Finland. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-27728-3. Rice, Albert R. (2003). The clarinet in the classical period. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-514483-3. OCLC 52514349. Sadie, Stanley, ed.; John Tyrell; exec. ed. (2001). The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians, 2nd ed. London: Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-56159-239-5 (hardcover). OCLC 419285866 (eBook). Winter, Helmer (1925). Berndt Henric Crusellin 150-vuotismuisto [Berndt Henric Crusell's 150th (birthday) anniversary]. Uusikaupunki: the author. OCLC 58221891, 249964610.
Dahlströhm, Fabian (1976). Bernhard Henrik Crusell: klarinettisten
och hans större instrumentalverk. Helsingfors: Svenska
litteratursällskapet i Finland. Language: Swedish.
ISBN 978-951-9017-21-1. OCLC 2695486.
Kallio, Ilmari (1994). Bernhard Henrik Crusell (1775–1838).
Uusikaupunki: Crusell-Society. Language: Finnish. OCLC 246856237.
Spicknall, John Payne (1974). The solo clarinet works of Bernard
Henrik Crusell (1775–1838). Thesis—University of Maryland.
Wilson, Sven (1977). Bernhard Crusell: tonsättare, klarinettvirtuos.
Stockholm: Kungliga Musikaliska Akademien (Royal
Free scores by