Berliner Maschinenbau AG was a German manufacturer of locomotives.
The factory was founded by
Louis Victor Robert Schwartzkopff
Louis Victor Robert Schwartzkopff on 3
October 1852 as Eisengießerei und Maschinen-Fabrik von L.
Schwartzkopff in Berlin.
The factory was founded on 3 October 1852 as Eisengießerei und
Maschinen-Fabrik von L. Schwartzkopff in
Berlin by Louis Victor Robert
Schwartzkopff. After a fire in 1860 and the expansion of the factory,
they started to manufacture turntables, water systems and turnouts for
several railway companies. The first locomotive built by the firm was
delivered on 1 February 1867 to the Lower Silesian-Mark Railway
(Niederschlesisch-Märkische Eisenbahn or NME). On 1 July 1870 the
firm was turned into a share company and renamed the Berliner
Maschinenbau-Actien-Gesellschaft vormals L. Schwartzkopff, Berlin.
In 1897 a second factory was opened in Wildau. From 1899 the company
also manufactured Linotype machines for the Mergenthaler factory in
Berlin. On 4 July 1907 they started a joint venture with the Munich
firm of Maffei. For that purpose the Maffei-Schwartzkopff-Werke GmbH
was opened next to the existing factory in Wildau. It was here that
the construction of electric locomotives and their equipment began in
1910. In 1924 diesel locomotives followed. In 1932 the
Maffei-Schwartzkopff-Werke went bankrupt.
In 1945, following the destruction of the factory halls during the
Second World War
Second World War and the dismantling of other parts of the factory in
Berlin and Wildau, the construction of locomotiven by the Berliner
Maschinenbau finally ended. On 20 September 1945 the production of
cast iron components, linotype machines and glass-blowing machines
started up in the remaining parts of the factory. In 1961 the tractor
firm of Moorburger Treckerwerke was bought and its production changed.
In 1966 the
Berliner Maschinenbau was merged into the DIAG, the
Deutsche(n) Industrieanlagen Gesellschaft mbH.
Berliner Maschinenbau was involved in the construction of the
Prussian P 4
Prussian P 6
Prussian P 8
Prussian S 3
Prussian S 10
Prussian T 16
DRG Class 01
DRG Class 01.10
DRG Class 01.10 (including its design)
DRG Class 03
DRG Class 41
DRG Class 41 (including its design)
DRG Class 43
DRG Class 52
DRG Class 71
DRG Class 84 (including its design)
DRG Class 89.0
DRG Class 99.22
DRG Class E 77
DRG Class E 75
Wehrmachtslokomotive WR 200 B 14
Wehrmachtslokomotive WR 360 C 14
Wehrmachtslokomotive WR 550 D 14
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Berliner Maschinenbau.
^ Aktie der neuen AG aus dem Jahr 1932[permanent dead link], bei
Effectenwelt, accessed on 13 March 2009
^ "Bund gegen Böses", Der Spiegel, 13 September (34), p. 33