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BERHAMPUR ( IPA : /bərɵmpu:r/) is a municipal corporation located on the eastern coastline of Ganjam district of the Indian state of Odisha in East India
India
, about 169 kilometres (105 mi) south of the state capital Bhubaneshwar and 255 kilometres (158 mi) north of Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
. It is one of the oldest and largest cities of Odisha
Odisha
. Nicknamed "The Silk City", it is famous for its silk _saris _, temples and unique culture. The population of the city is 355,823 as of the 2011 Census of India
India
(provisional) without agglomeration (without including the extended portion of the city), making it the fourth most populous urban city in Odisha
Odisha
state and 126th in India. The city is situated at 19° 20’ N Latitude 84° 50’ E Longitude. Its average elevation above Mean Sea Level is 24.000 m.

CONTENTS

* 1 Demographics * 2 Climatic Condition and Regional Setting

* 3 Administration

* 3.1 Utility services

* 4 Culture

* 4.1 Road * 4.2 Rail * 4.3 Air * 4.4 Sea

* 5 Media

* 5.1 Electronic media * 5.2 Print media

* 6 Education

* 6.1 General education

* 6.1.1 Universities

* 6.2 Schools and colleges * 6.3 Engineering * 6.4 Medical, Pharmacy and Nursing Institutes

* 7 Notable people * 8 Politics * 9 References

DEMOGRAPHICS

As of 2011 Census of India
India
(provisional), the population of Brahmapur is 355,823 (the actual population is much higher than this), of which 185,584 are males and 170,239 are females. The effective literacy rate of Brahmapur is 90.04%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male and female literacy rates are 93.83% and 85.92%, respectively. 8.2% of the population are children aged 0–6 years. The adult and child sex ratios are 917 and 898 females per 1000 males, respectively.

CLIMATIC CONDITION AND REGIONAL SETTING

River Rushikulya is called the "Ganga" of Ganjam . It flows at a distance of about 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the city and discharges into the Bay of Bengal near Gopalpur port. Maximum summer temperature is 40o C whereas minimum winter temperature is 22o C. The mean daily temperature varies from 33o C to 38o C. May is the hottest month in the year whereas December is the coldest. The average annual rainfall is 1250 mm and the region receives Monsoon and torrential rainfall for four months only in a year from July to October.

CLIMATE DATA FOR BERHAMPUR, ODISHA

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 27.4 (81.3) 29.1 (84.4) 30.9 (87.6) 31.7 (89.1) 32.8 (91) 32.5 (90.5) 30.8 (87.4) 31.0 (87.8) 31.5 (88.7) 31.0 (87.8) 29.2 (84.6) 27.5 (81.5) 30.45 (86.81)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 16.7 (62.1) 19.3 (66.7) 22.4 (72.3) 25.1 (77.2) 26.8 (80.2) 26.8 (80.2) 25.9 (78.6) 25.9 (78.6) 25.7 (78.3) 23.7 (74.7) 19.3 (66.7) 16.5 (61.7) 22.84 (73.11)

AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 10 (0.39) 16 (0.63) 21 (0.83) 17 (0.67) 42 (1.65) 151 (5.94) 208 (8.19) 227 (8.94) 193 (7.6) 232 (9.13) 68 (2.68) 5 (0.2) 1,190 (46.85)

Source: en.climate-data.org

ADMINISTRATION

The city is administered by the Brahmapur Municipal Corporation (BMC). This organization was a municipality from 1867 until 29 December 2008. The Revenue Divisional Commissioner (RDC) of South zone is located at Brahmapur and covers the undivided Ganjam , Koraput , Kandhamal and Kalahandi districts.

UTILITY SERVICES

The Odisha
Odisha
State Government has proposed to have a passport service center (_seva kendra_) in Brahmapur.

CULTURE

Theatre has been very prominent since the late 1930, and was the main source of entertainment until the advent of motion pictures. Ganjam Kala Parishad and Prakasam Hall, located here, are some of the oldest drama halls in India
India
. The oldest theatre in the history of Odisha
Odisha
was the Sri Sitaram Vilas Talkies (SSVT, established in the year 1927), which was closed down following severe damage by a super cyclone on 29 October 1999.

There are many temples in Brahmapur, including Lord Sidha Vinayaka Temple, Lord Nilakantheswara Temple, Lord Sri Radheshyam Sunder Temple, Bhairabi Temple, Taratarini Temple, Venu Gopalaswamy Temple, and Budhi Thakurani Temple.

ROAD

Brahmapur city is connected with National Highways NH-5 (Chennai – Kolkata
Kolkata
), NH-59 (Gopalpur –Nauparha) and NH-217 (Gopalpur – Raipur ) and other cities and towns of Odisha. The three-wheeler auto taxis are the most important mode of transportation in this city. Taxis also ply on the city's roads. The Ganjam Urban Transport Services Limited (GUTSL) with joint partnership with Odisha
Odisha
State Road Transport Corporation (OSRTC) have come up with an agreement, to run a city-bus service for Berhampur
Berhampur
to urban centres on its periphery (Chatrapur , Gopalpur and Hinjili ) on February 27, 2014.

RAIL

Brahmapur railway station is situated on the East coast railway line , a major route connecting the two metros Kolkata
Kolkata
and Chennai
Chennai
of India. It is directly connected to New Delhi
New Delhi
, Bangalore
Bangalore
, Bhubaneswar , Chennai
Chennai
, Cuttack
Cuttack
, Hyderabad
Hyderabad
, Kolkata
Kolkata
, Mumbai
Mumbai
, Nagpur , Pune
Pune
, Puri
Puri
, Raipur , Rourkela , Sambalpur , Palasa, Vishakhapatnam , and many more cities of India
India
. Cuttack
Cuttack
– Brahmapur connectivity (DMU) is popular connectivity to reach Cuttack
Cuttack
. It is one of the busiest railway stations in Odisha
Odisha
.

AIR

The nearest airports are Biju Patnaik Airport , Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar
(169 kilometres (105 mi)) and Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Airport , Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
(256 kilometres (159 mi)). Rangeilunda airstrip is located at about 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) east of the city and was built by the British during World War II
World War II
. It is adjacent to the Berhampur University .

SEA

The city is served by two ports, Gopalpur Port and a new satellite port at the Bahuda Mouth (Muhan), operated by Paradip Port Trust (PPT) .

MEDIA

ELECTRONIC MEDIA

Berhampur
Berhampur
has a full-fledged All India
India
Radio Station broadcasting FM radio on 100.6 MHz in the greater Berhampur
Berhampur
region (BCGH-Berhampur, Chhatrapur , Gopalpur and Hinjilicut ). Also there is a high power transmitter of (6 KW) Doordarshan that telecasts Odia language programs. U-TV, previously known as B TV, is the local channel, which broadcasts the daily local news.

PRINT MEDIA

There are many print media houses in Brahmapur. The oldest Odia daily _Dainik Asha_, _The Samaj_, _Dharitri_, _The Sambad_, _ Odisha
Odisha
Bhaskar_ and _Anupam Bharat_ are published from Brahmapur.

EDUCATION

GENERAL EDUCATION

Universities

* Berhampur University , Bhanja Bihar – The Berhampur
Berhampur
University came into existence on 2 January 1967, being inaugurated by Dr. A. N. Khosla, the then Governor of Odisha
Odisha
and the first Chancellor of the University. The University was later shifted to the present site known as Bhanja Bihar, named after the celebrated poet of Odisha
Odisha
, Kabi Samrat Upendra Bhanja . Spreading over an area of 250 acres (1.0 km2) the university is twelve kilometers and five kilometers away from Brahmapur City and sea beach of Gopalpur respectively. * The Khallikote University – The present Khallikote Autonomous College is upgraded to a Cluster university. * Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER) Brahmapur – Started the academic session in 2016-17 * IIT Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar
- Coastal Observatory and Innovation Centre * Regional Centre for southern Odisha
Odisha
districts - Odisha
Odisha
State Open University (OSOU).

SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES

The following are the noted government-run high schools in the city:

* Kendriya Vidyalaya (Central School) (CBSE)- Berhampur, Gopalpur, Hinjilicut and Digapahandi * M.K.C.G. Medical College Campus High School (1972) (one of the best government schools in Odisha) * City High School (the oldest school of the city) * Queen of the Mission's High School (founded in 1947) * K.C. Higher Secondary School (Established 1856) * KC Town High School * V. V. Giri Girl's High School * Government Girl's High School * Mother Sarojini Giri's High School * Brundaban Nayak High School * University Higher Secondary School * Saheed Lakhmana Nayak Municipal High School

Private Run Schools are also in city with both adopted to either State Board, CBSE or ICSE. Some of the noted schools are:

* Dayanand Anglo Vedic Public School (DAV public school, Gosaninuagaon) * Delhi Public School (DPS) * De Paul School * KC Public School, Tata Benz Square * Matrusri Anglo Vedic (MAV) School * Mount Litera Zee School, Gajapati Nagar 10th Lane * St. Joseph Convent School, Church Road, near old bus stand * St. Vincent's Convent School * Saraswati Sishu Vidya Mandir (Neelkanatha Nagar, Ramahari Nagar and Gajapati Nagar) * Takshashila Residential School, Chanakya Puri, Ankushpur

Colleges: Most of the CBSE and ICSE affiliated schools have classes up to intermediate beside the following government colleges for intermediate study in science, commerce and arts from CHSE, Odisha.

* Berhampur University higher secondary school * Berhampur
Berhampur
City College * Binayak Acharya College * Shasi Bhusan Rath Women's College

ENGINEERING

Many engineering colleges are also present including

* Aum Sai Institute of Technical Education (ASITE), Narayanpur, Gopalpur Road * Berhampur
Berhampur
Government polytechnic (Under SCTE&VT) * Berhampur
Berhampur
School of Engineering & Technology(BSET), Ramachandrapur, Dura * Bharat institute of engineering & Technology(BIET), Narasingpur, Mahuda * Gandhi Institute of Industrial Technology, Golonthara, Berhampur/ Gandhi Group of Instituations (GGI) * Gandhi Polytechnic, Golonthara, Berhampur * Kalam Institute of Technology KIT (KIT) * National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST) * Parala Maharaja government Engineering College(A Government & constituent college of B.P.U.T.) * Rahul Institute of Engineering and Technology, Golonthara junction, Berhampur. * Roland Institute of Technology Surya Vihar (RIT) * Sanjay Memorial Institute of Technology (SMIT), Chandipadar * Uma charan pattnaik engineering school (U.C.P.E.S, Under SCTE&VT) * Vignan Institute of Technology and Management(VITAM), Bhairavi, Mantridi village, Berhampur

MEDICAL, PHARMACY AND NURSING INSTITUTES

MKCG Medical College and Hospital at Berhampur
Berhampur
and many more under this category include Biju Patnaik Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Kaviraj Ananta Tripathy Sharma Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital, Brundaban Nayak Medical College and Hospital (in progress by SMIT Group) etc.

Others colleges are also present in various fields such as College of Fisheries (O.U.A.T.), Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Ankushpur (Ratanpur Farm), Berhampur, Army Air Defence College (AADC), J.N. Tata Technical Education Center, Nettur Technical Training Foundation ( NTTF ), Academy of Technocrats for the IT courses including BCA, BES & BBA under Berhampur
Berhampur
University, DISHA College of Management & Technology (BCA & BBA under Berhampur
Berhampur
University, Distance Programs under Punjab Technical University, Karnataka State Open University, Manomaniam Sundaranar University) , Multi-skill Development Centre (MDC) (Upcoming) at Berhampur
Berhampur
next year in association with German technological expertise aids., Regional Forensic Science Laboratory, Orissa Christian Theological College.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* V. V. Giri , former President of India
India
* A. P. Patro , Minister of Public Works and Education (Madras Presidency) (1921–1926), Speaker of the Odisha
Odisha
Legislative Assembly (1946–1946) * W. V. V. B. Ramalingam , Freedom Fighter * Kota Harinarayana , Scientist -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India
India
. pp. 6, 7. Retrieved 10 October 2014. * ^ "CM asks Centre to set up passport seva kendras (PSKs) for districts". _The Times Of India_. 28 July 2012. * ^ Patnaik, Sunil (2012). "The Telegraph – Calcutta (Kolkata) Orissa State\'s first cinema in ruins". _telegraphindia.com_. Calcutta, India. Retrieved 30 March 2012. State's first cinema in ruins – Sri Sitaram Vilas Talkies fails to rise after super-cyclone blow * ^ "HISTORY". _www.thakurani.com_. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014. * ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/naveen-inaugurates-bus-service/article5732383.ece * ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-otherstates/city-bus-service-to-berhampur-urban-centres-soon/article5724831.ece * ^ http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/odisha-govt-announces-iiser-will-be-set-up-in-Brahmapur-115080100949_1.html * ^ http://www.icar.org.in/node/219 * ^ http://ibnlive.in.com/generalnewsfeed/news/odisha-to-open-multi-skill-development-centres/995744.html * ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bhubaneswar/Odisha-to-have-21-forensic-units/articleshow/16259208.cms * ^ http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/player/35246.html * ^ "State Elections 2004 – Partywise Comparison for 75 – Berhampur
Berhampur
Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 September 2008. * ^ "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2008.

* v * t * e

Ganjam district

CONSTITUENCY

* Aska * Berhampur
Berhampur
* Bhanjanagar * Chhatrapur * Chikiti * Digapahandi * Gopalpur * Hinjili * Polasara * Kabisuryanagar * Khalikote * Sanakhemundi * Surada

TOWNS AND VILLAGES

* Asika * Bahadur Pentho * Ballipadar * Bandhaguda * Belaguntha * Bhanjanagar * B.D.Pur Sasan * Brahmapur * Budheisuni * Buguda * GANDADHAR * Chadiapada * Chhatrapur * Chikiti * Digapahandi * Dharakote * Ganjam * Gopalpur * Gandola * Hinjilicut * Kabisuryanagar * Khalikote * Kodala * Makundapur * Patrapur
Patrapur
* Polasara * Purusottampur * Rambha * Randha * Surada

OTHER DISTRICTS

* Angul * Balangir * Balasore
Balasore
* Bargarh * Bhadrak * Boudh
Boudh
* Cuttack
Cuttack
* Debagarh * Dhenkanal * Gajapati * Jagatsinghpur * Jajpur
Jajpur
* Jharsuguda * Kalahandi * Kandhamal * Kendrapara
Kendrapara
* Kendujhar * Khordha * Koraput * Malkangiri * Mayurbhanj * Nabarangpur * Nayagarh * Nuapada * Puri
Puri
* Rayagada
Rayagada
* Sambalpur * Subarnapur * Sundergarh

* v * t * e

Municipalities of Odisha
Odisha

Municipal Corporations

* Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar
* Cuttack
Cuttack
* Brahmapur * Sambalpur * Rourkela

MUNICIPALITIES

* Anandapur * Angul * Barbil * Balangir * Balasore
Balasore
* Bargarh * Baripada * Bhadrak * Bhawanipatna * Biramitrapur * Brajarajnagar * Byasanagar * Choudwar
Choudwar
* Debagarh * Dhenkanal * Jagatsinghpur * Jajpur
Jajpur
* Jatani * Jeypore * Jharsuguda * Joda * Kendrapara
Kendrapara
* Kendujhar * Khordha * Nabarangpur * Nuapada * Paradip * Paralakhemundi * Phulbani * Puri
Puri
* Rajgangpur * Rayagada
Rayagada
* Sonepur * Sundergarh * Talcher * Basudebpur * Jaleswar * Koraput * Malkangiri * Pattamundai * Rairangpur * Soro * Sunabeda * Titlagarh * Umerkote

NAC

* Asika * Athagad * Attabira * Balimela * Balugaon * Bamra * Banapur * Banki * Barapali * Baudhgarh * Bellaguntha * Belpahar * Bhanjanagar * Binika * Bhuban * Buguda * Burla * Chandabali * Chhatrapur * Chikiti * Digapahandi * Ganjam * Gop * Gopalpur * Gudari * Gunupur * Hinjilicut * Hirakud * Junagarh * Kamakshyanagar * Kantabanji * Karanjia * Kashinagara * Kabisuryanagar * Kesinga * Khalikote * Khandapada * Khariar * Khariar Road * Kodala * Konark
Konark
* Kotpad * Kuchinda * Nayagarh * Nilagiri
Nilagiri
* Nimapada * Nuapada * Padmapur * Patnagarh * Pipili * Polasara * Purusottampur * Redhakhol * Rambha * Surada * Tarbha

* v * t * e

State of Odisha
Odisha

Capital : BHUBANESWAR

GOVERNANCE

* Governors * Chief Ministers * Legislative Assembly * Political parties * Raj Bhavan * High Court * Police

TOPICS

* Arts * Cinema * Cuisine * Culture * Economy * Education * Elections * Flora and Fauna * Geography * Highest point

* History

* Historic sites * Rulers

* Language

* Act * Alphabet * Literature * Morphology

* People * Politics * Tourism

GI PRODUCTS

* Berhampur
Berhampur
Patta * Bomkai Sari
Sari
* Dhalapathar Parda & Fabrics * Ganjam Kewda Flower * Ganjam Kewda Rooh * Gopalpur Tussar Fabrics * Habaspuri Saree border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Angul * Balasore
Balasore
* Bargarh * Bhadrak * Balangir * Boudh
Boudh
* Cuttack
Cuttack
* Debagarh * Dhenkanal * Gajapati * Ganjam * Jagatsinghpur * Jajpur
Jajpur
* Jharsuguda * Kalahandi * Kandhamal * Kendrapara
Kendrapara
* Kendujhar * Khordha * Koraput * Malkangiri * Mayurbhanj *