HOME
The Info List - Bečej


--- Advertisement ---



Bečej
Bečej
(Serbian: Бечеј / Bečej, pronounced [bɛ̌tʃɛːj], Hungarian: Óbecse, pronounced [ˈoːbɛt͡ʃɛ]) is a town and municipality located in the South Bačka District
South Bačka District
of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The town has a population of 23,895, while the municipality has 37,351 inhabitants. It is a multiethnic town, predominantly inhabited by Serbs
Serbs
and Hungarians.

Contents

1 History 2 Inhabited places 3 Demographics 4 Economy 5 Politics

5.1 2008 elections

6 Notable people 7 International relations

7.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

8 Sports 9 See also 10 References

10.1 Footnotes

11 External links

History[edit]

Serbian Orthodox Church.

The Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary Catholic Church

Bečej
Bečej
was mentioned first during the administration of the Kingdom of Hungary
Hungary
in 1091 under Latin name Bechey[3] and later in 1238 under Hungarian name Becse.[citation needed] Name probably originated from Bechey family that had possessions in this area.[4] In the 15th century (from 1419 to 1441) the town was a possession of the Serbian despot Đurađ Branković. In the end of the 15th century, army of the Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
led by Serbian despot Vuk Grgurević
Vuk Grgurević
(Zmaj Ognjeni Vuk) defeated the Ottoman army near Bečej.[4] In 1551, an Ottoman army led by Mehmed paša Sokolović
Mehmed paša Sokolović
conquered the town.[4] Bečej
Bečej
was administered by the Ottomans between 1551 and 1687 (nominally to 1699) and was part of the Sanjak of Segedin, which was initially in Budin eyalet, laterly in Eğri Eyalet.[5] In Ottoman Turkish it was known as "Beçe". In the end of the 17th century the Ottoman administration was replaced by Habsburg one and settlement was populated by ethnic Serbs
Serbs
from Banat who ran away from the Ottoman Empire. Between 1702 and 1751, the town belonged to the Tisza-Maros section of the Habsburg Military Frontier. After the abolishment of this part of the Frontier in 1751, many Serbs
Serbs
that lived in the town emigrated to Russia
Russia
(notably to New Serbia
Serbia
and Slavo-Serbia). They founded a new settlement with name Bečej
Bečej
in New Serbia. To prevent this emigration, the Habsburg authorities formed autonomous District of Potisje
District of Potisje
with seat in Becse. District of Potisje
District of Potisje
existed between 1751 and 1848. The three privileges were given to the district in 1759, 1774 and 1800. First privilege of the District defined its autonomous status, while the second one allowed ethnic Hungarians
Hungarians
to settle in the district. In the following period many Hungarians
Hungarians
settled in Becse (the first ones in 1757[6]) and they replaced Serbs
Serbs
as a dominant nation in the town. In 1751, the entire population of the town was composed of Serbs, while in 1774 half of the population was composed of Serbs
Serbs
and another half was composed of Hungarians.[4] According to the 1910 census, the population of Becse municipality numbered 54,275 people, of whom 30,465 spoke Hungarian and 22,821 Serbian. The town of Becse had 19,372 inhabitants in 1910, of which 12,488 spoke Hungarian (64.46%), 6,582 Serbian (33.98%) and 193 German (1%).[7] Serb elementary school in Becse was opened in 1703 and it is one of the oldest schools in Vojvodina[4] as well as the first elementary school among Serbs.[8] Hungarian elementary school was opened in Bečej
Bečej
in 1765, while Jewish elementary school was opened in 1882. Serb reading house was opened in 1862, while Hungarian reading house was opened in 1869. Since 1918, Bečej
Bečej
was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and subsequent South Slavic states. During the Hungarian Axis occupation, in the 1942 raid, 215 inhabitants of the town were murdered by Hungarian forces, of whom 111 were men, 72 women, 13 children, and 19 old people.[9] By nationality, victims included 110 Jews, 102 Serbs, and 1 Hungarian.[9] Inhabited places[edit]

Map of Bečej
Bečej
municipality

Bečej
Bečej
municipality includes the town of Bečej
Bečej
and the following villages:

Bačko Gradište
Bačko Gradište
(Hungarian: Bácsföldvár) Bačko Petrovo Selo
Bačko Petrovo Selo
(Hungarian: Péterréve) Mileševo (Hungarian: Kutaspuszta and Drea) Radičević
Radičević
(Also known as Čikerija)

Note: for settlements with absolute or relative Hungarian majority names are also given in Hungarian. There are also several sub-settlements in the municipality, including:

Poljanice (Hungarian: Pecesor) Novo Selo Drljan

Demographics[edit] Bečej
Bečej
is an ethnically mixed town and municipality. The statistics according to the 2011 census is the following:[10]

Ethnic groups in the town

Serbs
Serbs
= 10,574 (44.25%) Hungarians
Hungarians
= 10,323 (43.20%) Roma = 337 (1.41%) Others and undeclared = 2661 (11.14%)

Ethnic groups in the municipality

Hungarians
Hungarians
= 17,309 (46.34%) Serbs
Serbs
= 15,451 (41.37%) Romani = 842 (2.25%) Others and undeclared = 3,749 (10.04%)

Settlements by ethnic majority

Settlements with a Hungarian ethnic majority are: Bačko Petrovo Selo and Mileševo. There is one settlement with a Serb ethnic majority: Radičević. Two settlements: Bečej
Bečej
and Bačko Gradište
Bačko Gradište
are ethnically mixed.

Languages

Languages spoken in the municipality include:

Hungarian (50.29%) Serbian (46.63%) Other (3.08%)

Historical population of the town

1910: 19,372 1961: 24,963 1971: 26,722 1981: 27,102 1991: 26,634 2011: 23,907

Economy[edit] The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[11]

Activity Total

Agriculture, forestry and fishing 920

Mining 16

Processing industry 1,839

Distribution of power, gas and water 63

Distribution of water and water waste management 133

Construction 173

Wholesale and retail, repair 1,221

Traffic, storage and communication 337

Hotels and restaurants 171

Media and telecommunications 67

Finance and insurance 130

Property stock and charter 10

Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 382

Administrative and other services 172

Administration and social assurance 419

Education 656

Healthcare and social work 513

Art, leisure and recreation 86

Other services 131

Total 7,441

Politics[edit]

Street in Bečej
Bečej
and The Saint Anthony Padovanian Catholic Church

Fantast Castle
Fantast Castle
near Bečej

2008 elections[edit] Results of 2008 local elections in Bečej
Bečej
municipality: [1]

Hungarian Coalition
Hungarian Coalition
- Pásztor István - Sándor Pál - 6.366 votes- 29.63% - 13 seats Movement for Bečej
Bečej
- Dušan Jovanović - 3.859 votes- 22,22% - 8 seats For a European municipality of Bečej
Bečej
- Boris Tadić - Budislav Medurić - 3.646 votes- 16,97% - 7 seats Coalition "Serbian Unity for Bečej" - SRS - DSS - NS - Dragan Živkov Džaja - 3.236 votes- 15.06% - 6 seats Kao jedna kuća - Mint egy ház (As One Home) - Goran Sadžakov - 1.128 votes- 5.25% - 2 seats List "For Our Municipality" - Coalition of PUPS and CG "Successful People" - Milovanov Živko Braca - 756 votes- 3.25% Liberal Democratic Party - Old Bečej
Bečej
- New people - Čedomir Jovanović - 732 votes- 3.41% Movement for Turn-Over - Jovan Ječanski Jole - 673 votes- 3.13% Socialist Party of Serbia
Serbia
- Dr Zora Apić - 627 votes - 2.92%

Municipality Assembly, counting 36 members, according to party's membership:

Movement for Bečej
Bečej
(Pokret za Bečej
Bečej
- PzB) - Dušan Jovanović - 8 delegates (now in Democratic party) Alliance of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
Hungarians
Hungarians
(Savez vojvođanskih Mađara - SVM) - 6 delegates Serbian Radical Party (Srpska radikalna stranka - SRS) - 5 delegates Democratic Fellowship of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
Hungarians
Hungarians
(Demokratska zajednica vojvođanskih Mađara - DZVM)- 5 delegates Democratic Party (Demokratska stranka - DS) - 4 delegates As One Home (Kao jedna kuća - Mint egy ház) - 2 delegates Democratic Party of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
Hungarians
Hungarians
(Demokratska stranka vojvođanskih Mađara - DSVM)- 2 delegates G17 Plus - 2 delegates (now in Democratic party) League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
(Liga socijaldemokrata Vojvodine - LSV) - 1 delegate Democratic Party of Serbia
Serbia
(Demokratska stranka Srbije - DSS) - 1 delegate

Local Government consists of: Movement for Bečej
Bečej
(now Democratic party), Alliance of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
Hungarians, Democratic Party of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
Hungarians, League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina, Democratic Party and G17 Plus (now Democratic party). Local Parliament's Speaker is Dušan Jovanović (PzB - now DS). Mayor is Péter Knézi (SVM), and his deputy is Budislav Medurić (DS). Members of Municipality Council are: György Ricz (SVM - Health and Social Work), István Acsai (SVM - Local Communities and Civil Organizations), Ilona Varnyú (DSVM - Education and Culture), Dušan Radivojević (PzB - now DS - Economy and Investment), András Boja (PzB - now DS - Agriculture), Marjan Radičević
Radičević
(G17 Plus - now DS - National Investment Plan), Pál Sándor (LSV - Relations of National and Religious Communities) i Dragan Mesaroš (DS - Small and Medium Enterprises) Notable people[edit]

Janika Balaž, Romani tamburica musician. Dejan Perić, Serbian handball player Aleksandar Popović Sandor, first Serb geologist. Stevan Popović, Serb cultural worker, publisher, parliamentarian. Miloš Šarčev, Serbian bodybuilder. Carl von Than, Austro-Hungarian chemist. Mór Than, Hungarian painter. Aleksandar Maćašev, Serbian artist and designer. Emeric Feher, French photographer. Marko Novaković, Serbian sprint canoer, World and European champion Dejan Terzić, Serbian sprint canoer Marko Tomićević, Serbian sprint canoer, Olympic silver medalist Borislava Perić, Serbian table tennis player, Paralympic champion and three-time silver medalist Kiss Laszlo, Hungarian singer, Radio Nov Sad Nikola Vukas, Serbian sportsmen, play American football Štefan Jugović, Serbian sportsmen, play American football Miloš Ajdanov, Serbian barman, work in Club Stage Slobodan Kalinić, Serbian basketball coach,U-16 Romanian National basketball team

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Serbia Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Bečej
Bečej
is twinned with:

Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania Szekszárd, Hungary Csongrád, Hungary

Sports[edit] Bečej
Bečej
is famous for its water polo club VK Bečej which won LEN Champions League in 2000. when the city of Bečej
Bečej
was the host of Final Four. See also[edit]

List of cities, towns and villages in Vojvodina Fantast Castle, 19th-century castle in the vicinity of Bečej Sojaprotein, agribusiness company based in Bečej

References[edit]

Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996. Zvonimir Golubović, Racija u južnoj Bačkoj 1942. godine, Novi Sad, 1991. Jovan Mirosavljević, Brevijar ulica Novog Sada 1745-2001, Novi Sad, 2002.

Footnotes[edit]

^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.  ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.  ^ "Körmendi Ferenc". Szgnye.vmmi.org. Retrieved 2013-03-26.  ^ a b c d e "Internet prezentacija Beceja i Novog Beceja - Istorija Beceja". Backabanat.com. Retrieved 2013-03-26.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 November 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2011.  ^ Dr Slobodan Ćurčić, Naselja Bačke - geografske karakteristike, Novi Sad, 2007, page 243. ^ Óbecse. Révai nagy lexikona, vol. 14. p. 627. Hungarian Electronic Library. (in Hungarian). ^ "Južnobački Okrug Srbija, Vodič kroz Srbiju, Go Serbia goserbia.rs, Srbija na 011info.com". 381info.com. Retrieved 2013-03-26.  ^ a b Zvonimir Golubović, Racija u Južnoj Bačkoj 1942. godine, Novi Sad, 1992, page 147. ^ "Population by ethnicity – Bečej". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
Serbia
(SORS). Retrieved 23 February 2013.  ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 16 March 2018. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bečej.

Municipality of Bečej Basic Court of Bečej Bečejski mozaik - The oldest Newspaper and Magazine Public media of Bečej Youth association of Bečej History of the town (in Hungarian)

v t e

Cities, towns and villages in the South Bačka District

Seat of the district: Novi Sad

Novi Sad1

Begeč Budisava Čenej Futog Kać Kisač Kovilj Rumenka Stepanovićevo Veternik

Petrovaradin1

Bukovac Ledinci Sremska Kamenica Stari Ledinci

Bač

Bačko Novo Selo Bođani Plavna Selenča Vajska

Bačka Palanka

Čelarevo Despotovo Gajdobra Karađorđevo Mladenovo Neštin Nova Gajdobra Obrovac Parage Pivnice Silbaš Tovariševo Vizić

Bački Petrovac

Gložan Kulpin Maglić

Bečej

Bačko Gradište Bačko Petrovo Selo Mileševo Radičević

Beočin

Banoštor Čerević Grabovo Lug Rakovac Susek Sviloš

Srbobran

Nadalj Turija

Sremski Karlovci

Temerin

Bački Jarak Sirig

Titel

Gardinovci Lok Mošorin Šajkaš Vilovo

Vrbas

Bačko Dobro Polje Kosančić Kucura Ravno Selo Savino Selo Zmajevo

Žabalj

Čurug Đurđevo Gospođinci

(*) bold are municipalities or cities, 1 - Novi Sad`s urban municipalities, which aren't fully formed

v t e

Municipalities and cities of Serbia

v t e

Municipalities of Belgrade

Municipalities

Barajevo Čukarica Grocka Lazarevac Mladenovac New Belgrade Obrenovac Palilula Rakovica Savski Venac Sopot Stari Grad Surčin Voždovac Vračar Zemun Zvezdara

v t e

Municipalities and cities of Vojvodina

Cities

Kikinda Novi Sad

Novi Sad Petrovaradin

Pančevo Sombor Sremska Mitrovica Subotica Vršac Zrenjanin

Municipalities

Ada Alibunar Apatin Bač Bačka Palanka Bačka Topola Bački Petrovac Bečej Bela Crkva Beočin Čoka Inđija Irig Kanjiža Kovačica Kovin Kula Mali Iđoš Nova Crnja Novi Bečej Novi Kneževac Odžaci Opovo Pećinci Plandište Ruma Sečanj Senta Šid Srbobran Sremski Karlovci Stara Pazova Temerin Titel Vrbas Žabalj Žitište

v t e

Municipalities and cities of Šumadija and Western Serbia

Cities

Čačak Jagodina Kragujevac Kraljevo Kruševac Loznica Novi Pazar Šabac Užice

Užice Sevojno

Valjevo

Municipalities

Aleksandrovac Aranđelovac Arilje Bajina Bašta Batočina Bogatić Brus Čajetina Ćićevac Ćuprija Despotovac Gornji Milanovac Ivanjica Knić Koceljeva Kosjerić Krupanj Lajkovac Lapovo Lučani Ljig Ljubovija Mali Zvornik Mionica Nova Varoš Osečina Paraćin Požega Priboj Prijepolje Rača Raška Rekovac Sjenica Svilajnac Topola Trstenik Tutin Ub Varvarin Vladimirci Vrnjačka Banja

v t e

Municipalities and cities of Southern and Eastern Serbia

Cities

Leskovac Niš

Crveni Krst Medijana Niška Banja Palilula Pantelej

Pirot Požarevac

Požarevac Kostolac

Smederevo Vranje

Vranje Vranjska Banja

Zaječar

Municipalities

Aleksinac Babušnica Bela Palanka Blace Bojnik Boljevac Bor Bosilegrad Bujanovac Crna Trava Dimitrovgrad Doljevac Gadžin Han Golubac Kladovo Knjaževac Kučevo Kuršumlija Lebane Majdanpek Malo Crniće Medveđa Merošina Negotin Petrovac Preševo Prokuplje Ražanj Smederevska Palanka Sokobanja Surdulica Svrljig Trgovište Velika Plana Veliko Gradište Vladičin Han Vlasotince Žabari Žagubica Žitorađa

v t e

Municipalities and cities of Kosovo
Kosovo
i Metohija1

Cities

Priština

Municipalities

Dečani Đakovica Glogovac Gnjilane Gora Kosovo
Kosovo
Polje Kosovska Kamenica Kosovska Mitrovica Istok Kačanik Klina Leposavić Lipljan Novo Brdo Obilić Orahovac Peć Podujevo Prizren Srbica Suva Reka Štimlje Štrpce Vitina Vučitrn Zubin Potok Zvečan

1  Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo
Kosovo
has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nati

.