The Info List - Battle Of Talikota

Deccan sultanates

Ahmadnagar Sultanate Bijapur Sultanate Golkonda Sultanate Berar Sultanate Bidar Sultanate

Vijayanagara Empire

Commanders and leaders

Hussain Nizam Shah I Ali Adil Shah I Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali Ali Barid Shah I Burhan Imad Shah Raja Ghorpade

Aliya Rama Raya † Venkatadri † Tirumala Deva Raya


80,000 infantry (Beydurs)[1] 30,000 cavalry[1] several dozen artillery cannons[1] 140,000 foot, 10,000 horse and over 100 War elephants[1]

v t e

Mughal–Rajput War (1558–78)

Battle of Thanesar Siege of Chittorgarh Battle of Haldighati

The Battle of Talikota
(23 January 1565) was a watershed battle fought between the Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
and the Deccan sultanates. The battle took place at Talikota, today a town in northern Karnataka, about 80 kilometres (50 mi) to the southeast from the city of Bijapur. The treacherous defeat of Vijayanagara Empire, followed subsequent destruction and looting which became short lived before the successors of Rama Raya.


1 The battle

1.1 Assessment of the battle's outcome

2 See also 3 References 4 Notes 5 External links

The battle[edit]

Battle of Talikota.

The Sultanates to the north of Vijayanagara united and attacked Rama Raya's army, on 23 January 1565, in an engagement known as the Battle of Talikota.[2] The armies clashed on the plains near the villages of Rakkasagi and Tangadigi (it is also known as the Battle of Rakkasa-Tangadi).[3] The Vijayanagara army was winning the battle, state Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund, but suddenly two Muslim generals of the Vijayanagara army switched sides and turned their loyalty to the united Sultanates. They captured Rama Raya and beheaded him on the spot, with Sultan Hussain on the Sultanates side joining them.[4][5] The beheading of Rama Raya created confusion and havoc and in the still loyal portions of the Vijayanagara army, which were then completely routed. The Sultanates' army plundered Hampi and reduced it into ruins.[6] Assessment of the battle's outcome[edit]

The "Malik-i-Maidan" (Master of the Field) cannon, stated to be the largest piece of cast bronze ordnance in the world,[7] was utilized by the Deccan Sultanates
Deccan Sultanates
during the Battle of Talikota. It was provided by Ali Adil Shah I
Ali Adil Shah I
(Bijapur Sultanate)

According to Shastri, the greatest factor was the betrayal of the Vijaynagara Army by two Muslim commanders (Gilani Brothers). At the critical point of the war, Muslim officers in the Vijayanagara army launched a subversive attack. Suddenly Rama Raya found himself surprised when the two Muslim divisions in his ranks turned against him.[8] Robert Sewell, in his book The Forgotten Empire, concludes thus – "With fire and sword, with crowbars and axes, they carried on day after day their work of destruction. Never perhaps in the history of the world has such havoc been wrought, and wrought so suddenly, on so splendid a city; teeming with a wealthy and industrious population in the full plenitude of prosperity one day, and on the next seized, pillaged, and reduced to ruins, amid scenes of savage massacre and horrors beggaring description."[9] See also[edit]

Battle of Raichur Vijayanagara Empire Deccan Sultanates


Eaton, Richard M. (2006). A social history of the Deccan, 1300–1761: eight Indian lives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-71627-7.  Dr. Suryanath U. Kamath, A concise history of Karnataka, 2001, Bangalore (Reprinted 2002) Prof K.A. Nilakanta Sastri, History of South India, From Prehistoric times to fall of Vijayanagar, Oxford University Press, New Delhi (1955; reprinted 2002) Robert Sewell, A Forgotten Empire: Vijayanagar; A Contribution to the History of India


^ a b c d India Today
India Today
Collector's edition of History ^ Eaton 2006, pp. 96–98. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 110. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.  ^ Hermann Kulke; Dietmar Rothermund (2004). A History of India. Routledge. p. 191. ISBN 978-0-415-32920-0. , Quote: "When battle was joined in January 1565, it seemed to be turning in favor of Vijayanagara - suddenly, however, two Muslim generals of Vijayanagara changes sides. Rama Raya was taken prisoner and immediately beheaded." ^ Eaton 2006, pp. 98, Quote: "Husain (...) ordered him beheaded on the spot, and his head stuffed with straw (for display).". ^ Eaton 2006, pp. 98–101. ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bijapur". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 927.  ^ K A Nilakanta Shastri History of South India p. 267 ^ "A Forgotten Empire: Vijayanagar; A Contribution to the History of India". 

External links[edit]

Incredible India Hampi Guide Hampi – A Guide To History