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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

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Lorraine

Flag of Lorraine
Lorraine
since the 13th century

History

Mediomatrici
Mediomatrici
& Leuci Gallia Belgica Lotharingia

Duchy of Lorraine Duchy of Bar Three Bishoprics

German Empire Lorraine
Lorraine
department Third Reich Lorraine
Lorraine
department Lorraine
Lorraine
region Grand Est

Culture

Coat of arms Flag Symbol People Languages

Lorrain Lorraine
Lorraine
Franconian Low Alemannic

Demographics Musée lorrain

Religion

Roman Catholicism:

Diocese of Metz (Immediately subject to the Holy See) Diocese of Nancy Diocese of Saint-Dié Diocese of Verdun

Protestantism:

Union of Protestant Churches of Alsace and Lorraine
Lorraine
(Moselle) United Protestant Church of France
France
(rest of Lorraine)

Jewish
Jewish
consistories:

Metz Nancy

Law

Local law in Alsace-Moselle

Concordat in Alsace-Moselle
Concordat in Alsace-Moselle
(1801)

Administrative divisions

Meurthe-et-Moselle
Meurthe-et-Moselle
(54)

Capital: Nancy Arrondissement of Briey Arrondissement of Lunéville Arrondissement of Nancy Arrondissement of Toul

Meuse (55)

Capital: Bar-le-Duc Arrondissement of Bar-le-Duc Arrondissement of Commercy Arrondissement of Verdun

Moselle (Lothringen, 57)

Capital: Metz Arrondissement of Forbach-Boulay-Moselle Arrondissement of Metz Arrondissement of Sarrebourg-Château-Salins Arrondissement of Sarreguemines Arrondissement of Thionville

Vosges (88)

Capital: Épinal Arrondissement of Épinal Arrondissement of Neufchâteau Arrondissement of Saint-Dié

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in the EU

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Lorraine
Lorraine
portal

v t e

Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(French pronunciation: ​[baʁ lə dyk]), formerly known as Bar, is a commune in the Meuse département, of which it is the capital. The department is in Grand Est
Grand Est
in northeastern France.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Population 4 Sights 5 Food 6 Notable residents 7 International relations 8 See also 9 Notes 10 References 11 External links

Geography[edit]

This section is largely based on an article in the out-of-copyright Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, which was produced in 1911. It should be brought up to date to reflect subsequent history or scholarship (including the references, if any). When you have completed the review, replace this notice with a simple note on this article's talk page. (August 2016)

The lower, more modern and busier part of the town extends along a narrow valley, shut in by wooded or vine-clad hills, and is traversed throughout its length by the Ornain, which is crossed by several bridges. It is limited towards the north-east by the Marne-Rhine Canal, on the south-west by a small arm of the Ornain, called the Canal des Usines, on the left bank of which the upper town (Ville Haute) is situated.[1] History[edit] Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
was at one time the seat of the countship, later Duchy of Bar. Though probably of ancient origin, the town was unimportant until the 10th century when it became the residence of the counts.[1] Originally part of the early medieval duchy of Upper Lorraine, at some stage in the early modern period it was acquired by the neighbouring dukes of Lorraine. Population[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1793 9,111 —    

1800 8,961 −1.6%

1806 9,970 +11.3%

1821 11,432 +14.7%

1831 12,496 +9.3%

1836 12,383 −0.9%

1841 12,526 +1.2%

1846 13,191 +5.3%

1851 14,816 +12.3%

1856 13,835 −6.6%

1861 14,922 +7.9%

1866 15,334 +2.8%

1872 15,175 −1.0%

1876 16,728 +10.2%

1881 17,485 +4.5%

1886 18,860 +7.9%

1891 18,761 −0.5%

1896 18,249 −2.7%

1901 17,693 −3.0%

1906 17,307 −2.2%

1911 17,068 −1.4%

1921 16,261 −4.7%

1926 16,365 +0.6%

1931 16,550 +1.1%

1936 16,697 +0.9%

1946 15,460 −7.4%

1954 16,609 +7.4%

1962 18,346 +10.5%

1968 19,159 +4.4%

1975 19,288 +0.7%

1982 18,471 −4.2%

1990 17,545 −5.0%

1999 16,944 −3.4%

2006 16,041 −5.3%

2009 15,895 −0.9%

Sights[edit]

Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
Church and the court house (right) on the Saint-Pierre Square in Bar-le-Duc

Notre-Dame Bridge over the Ornain

The Ville Haute, which is reached by staircases and steep narrow thoroughfares, is intersected by a long, quiet street, bordered by houses of the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries. In this quarter are the remains (16th-century) of the château of the dukes of Bar, dismantled in 1670, the old clock-tower, and the college, built in the latter half of the 16th century. Its church of Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(constructed during the 14th and 15th centuries) contains a skillfully carved effigy in white stone of a half-decayed corpse, erected to the memory of René of Châlon
René of Châlon
(died 1544), the work of 16th-century artist Ligier Richier, a pupil of Michelangelo.[1] The lower town contains the official buildings and the churches of Notre-Dame, the most ancient in the town, and St. Antony, with 14th-century frescoes. Among the statues of distinguished natives of the town is one to Nicolas Oudinot, whose house serves as the hôtel-de-ville.[1] Other sights include the Notre-Dame Bridge, with five arches surmounted by a chapel in the middle. Food[edit] The highly rarefied Bar-le-duc jelly, also known as Lorraine
Lorraine
Jelly, is a spreadable preparation of white currant or red currant fruit preserves, hailing from this town. First referenced in the historical record in 1344, it is also colloquially referred to as Bar Caviar.

Notable residents[edit]

Statue of Ernest Bradfer
Ernest Bradfer
(1833–1882)

Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
was the birthplace of:

Jean de Lorraine
Lorraine
(1498–1550), Cardinal de Lorraine, Bishop of Metz, Archbishop of Narbonne. Mary of Guise
Mary of Guise
(1515–1560), queen consort of Scotland
Scotland
and mother of Mary, Queen of Scots Francis, Duke of Guise
Francis, Duke of Guise
(1519–1563), soldier and politician Nicolas Oudinot
Nicolas Oudinot
(1767–1847), marshal of France Jean-Joseph Regnault-Warin (1773–1844), writer, pamphleteer Rémi Joseph Isidore Exelmans
Rémi Joseph Isidore Exelmans
(1775–1852), marshal of France Pierre Michaux
Pierre Michaux
(1813–1883) inventor Edmond Laguerre
Edmond Laguerre
(1834–1886), mathematician Albert Cim
Albert Cim
(1845–1924), novelist, literary critic and bibliographer Job (1858–1931), illustrator Raymond Poincaré
Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934), statesman Pierre de Bréville
Pierre de Bréville
(1861–1944), composer Pierre Camonin (1903–2003), canon and organist Jean Dries
Jean Dries
(1905–1973), painter Michel Bernard (born 1958), writer and senior official Benjamin Compaoré
Benjamin Compaoré
(1987–), athlete Anaïs Delva
Anaïs Delva
(born 1986), singer and actress Simon Chodorge (born 1992), American Deep South enthusiast

Other notable residents were:

Jean-François Jacqueminot
Jean-François Jacqueminot
(1787–1865), who established a great silk factory Ernest Bradfer
Ernest Bradfer
(1833–1882), who established a major iron works in the town.

International relations[edit] Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
is twinned with:

Tambov, Russia Griesheim, Germany Wilkau-Haßlau, Germany Gyönk, Hungary

See also[edit]

Communes of the Meuse department Parc naturel régional de Lorraine Raymond Couvègnes

Notes[edit]

^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bar-le-Duc". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 404. 

References[edit]

INSEE statistics

External links[edit]

Official Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
website Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
Tourism Office website INSEE commune file for Bar-le-Duc Barleduc55.net: photos of Bar-le-Duc

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bar-le-Duc.

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Communes of the Meuse department

Abainville Abaucourt-Hautecourt Aincreville Amanty Ambly-sur-Meuse Amel-sur-l'Étang Ancemont Ancerville Andernay Apremont-la-Forêt Arrancy-sur-Crusne Aubréville Aulnois-en-Perthois Autrécourt-sur-Aire Autréville-Saint-Lambert Avillers-Sainte-Croix Avioth Avocourt Azannes-et-Soumazannes Baâlon Badonvilliers-Gérauvilliers Bannoncourt Bantheville Bar-le-Duc Baudignécourt Baudonvilliers Baudrémont Baulny Bazeilles-sur-Othain Bazincourt-sur-Saulx Beauclair Beaufort-en-Argonne Beaulieu-en-Argonne Beaumont-en-Verdunois Beausite Behonne Belleray Belleville-sur-Meuse Belrain Belrupt-en-Verdunois Beney-en-Woëvre Béthelainville Béthincourt Beurey-sur-Saulx Bezonvaux Biencourt-sur-Orge Billy-sous-Mangiennes Bislée Blanzée Boinville-en-Woëvre Boncourt-sur-Meuse Bonnet Bonzée Le Bouchon-sur-Saulx Bouconville-sur-Madt Bouligny Bouquemont Boureuilles Bovée-sur-Barboure Boviolles Brabant-en-Argonne Brabant-le-Roi Brabant-sur-Meuse Brandeville Braquis Bras-sur-Meuse Brauvilliers Bréhéville Breux Brieulles-sur-Meuse Brillon-en-Barrois Brixey-aux-Chanoines Brizeaux Brocourt-en-Argonne Brouennes Broussey-en-Blois Broussey-Raulecourt Bure Burey-en-Vaux Burey-la-Côte Buxières-sous-les-Côtes Buzy-Darmont Cesse Chaillon Chalaines Champneuville Champougny Chanteraine Chardogne Charny-sur-Meuse Charpentry Chassey-Beaupré Châtillon-sous-les-Côtes Chattancourt Chaumont-devant-Damvillers Chaumont-sur-Aire Chauvency-le-Château Chauvency-Saint-Hubert Chauvoncourt Cheppy Chonville-Malaumont Cierges-sous-Montfaucon Le Claon Clermont-en-Argonne Cléry-le-Grand Cléry-le-Petit Combles-en-Barrois Combres-sous-les-Côtes Commercy Consenvoye Contrisson Courcelles-en-Barrois Courcelles-sur-Aire Courouvre Cousances-les-Forges Cousances-lès-Triconville Couvertpuis Couvonges Cuisy Culey Cumières-le-Mort-Homme Cunel Dagonville Dainville-Bertheléville Damloup Dammarie-sur-Saulx Damvillers Dannevoux Delouze-Rosières Delut Demange-aux-Eaux Dieppe-sous-Douaumont Dieue-sur-Meuse Dombasle-en-Argonne Dombras Dommartin-la-Montagne Dommary-Baroncourt Dompcevrin Dompierre-aux-Bois Domremy-la-Canne Doncourt-aux-Templiers Douaumont Doulcon Dugny-sur-Meuse Dun-sur-Meuse Duzey Écouviez Écurey-en-Verdunois Eix Les Éparges Épiez-sur-Meuse Épinonville Érize-la-Brûlée Érize-la-Petite Érize-Saint-Dizier Erneville-aux-Bois Esnes-en-Argonne Étain Éton Étraye Euville Èvres Fains-Véel Flassigny Fleury-devant-Douaumont Foameix-Ornel Fontaines-Saint-Clair Forges-sur-Meuse Foucaucourt-sur-Thabas Fouchères-aux-Bois Frémeréville-sous-les-Côtes Fresnes-au-Mont Fresnes-en-Woëvre Froidos Fromeréville-les-Vallons Fromezey Futeau Génicourt-sur-Meuse Gercourt-et-Drillancourt Géry Gesnes-en-Argonne Geville Gimécourt Gincrey Girauvoisin Givrauval Gondrecourt-le-Château Gouraincourt Goussaincourt Gremilly Grimaucourt-en-Woëvre Grimaucourt-près-Sampigny Guerpont Gussainville Haironville Halles-sous-les-Côtes Han-lès-Juvigny Han-sur-Meuse Hannonville-sous-les-Côtes Harville Haudainville Les Hauts-de-Chée Haudiomont Haumont-près-Samogneux Heippes Hennemont Herbeuville Herméville-en-Woëvre Heudicourt-sous-les-Côtes Hévilliers Horville-en-Ornois Houdelaincourt Inor Ippécourt Iré-le-Sec Les Islettes Jametz Jonville-en-Woëvre Jouy-en-Argonne Julvécourt Juvigny-en-Perthois Juvigny-sur-Loison Kœur-la-Grande Kœur-la-Petite Labeuville Lachalade Lachaussée Lacroix-sur-Meuse Lahaymeix Lahayville Laheycourt Laimont Lamorville Lamouilly Landrecourt-Lempire Laneuville-au-Rupt Laneuville-sur-Meuse Lanhères Latour-en-Woëvre Lavallée Lavincourt Lavoye Lemmes Lérouville Levoncourt Lignières-sur-Aire Ligny-en-Barrois Liny-devant-Dun Lion-devant-Dun Lisle-en-Barrois Lisle-en-Rigault Lissey Loisey Loison Longchamps-sur-Aire Longeaux Longeville-en-Barrois Loupmont Louppy-le-Château Louppy-sur-Loison Louvemont-Côte-du-Poivre Luzy-Saint-Martin Maizeray Maizey Malancourt Mandres-en-Barrois Mangiennes Manheulles Marchéville-en-Woëvre Marre Marson-sur-Barboure Martincourt-sur-Meuse Marville Maucourt-sur-Orne Maulan Mauvages Maxey-sur-Vaise Mécrin Méligny-le-Grand Méligny-le-Petit Menaucourt Ménil-aux-Bois Ménil-la-Horgne Ménil-sur-Saulx Merles-sur-Loison Milly-sur-Bradon Mogeville Mognéville Moirey-Flabas-Crépion Les Monthairons Montblainville Montbras Mont-devant-Sassey Montfaucon-d'Argonne Montiers-sur-Saulx Montigny-devant-Sassey Montigny-lès-Vaucouleurs Montmédy Montplonne Montsec Montzéville Moranville Morgemoulin Morley Mouilly Moulainville Moulins-Saint-Hubert Moulotte Mouzay Murvaux Muzeray Naives-en-Blois Naives-Rosières Naix-aux-Forges Nançois-le-Grand Nançois-sur-Ornain Nantillois Nant-le-Grand Nant-le-Petit Nantois Nepvant Nettancourt Le Neufour Neuville-en-Verdunois Neuville-lès-Vaucouleurs Neuville-sur-Ornain Neuvilly-en-Argonne Nicey-sur-Aire Nixéville-Blercourt Nonsard-Lamarche Nouillonpont Noyers-Auzécourt Nubécourt Olizy-sur-Chiers Ornes Osches Ourches-sur-Meuse Pagny-la-Blanche-Côte Pagny-sur-Meuse Pareid Parfondrupt Les Paroches Peuvillers Pierrefitte-sur-Aire Pillon Pintheville Pont-sur-Meuse Pouilly-sur-Meuse Pretz-en-Argonne Quincy-Landzécourt Raival Rambluzin-et-Benoite-Vaux Rambucourt Rancourt-sur-Ornain Ranzières Rarécourt Récicourt Récourt-le-Creux Reffroy Regnéville-sur-Meuse Rembercourt-Sommaisne Remennecourt Remoiville Resson Revigny-sur-Ornain Réville-aux-Bois Riaville Ribeaucourt Richecourt Rigny-la-Salle Rigny-Saint-Martin Robert-Espagne Les Roises Romagne-sous-les-Côtes Romagne-sous-Montfaucon Ronvaux Rouvres-en-Woëvre Rouvrois-sur-Meuse Rouvrois-sur-Othain Rumont Rupt-aux-Nonains Rupt-devant-Saint-Mihiel Rupt-en-Woëvre Rupt-sur-Othain Saint-Amand-sur-Ornain Saint-André-en-Barrois Saint-Aubin-sur-Aire Saint-Germain-sur-Meuse Saint-Hilaire-en-Woëvre Saint-Jean-lès-Buzy Saint-Joire Saint-Julien-sous-les-Côtes Saint-Laurent-sur-Othain Saint-Maurice-sous-les-Côtes Saint-Mihiel Saint-Pierrevillers Saint-Remy-la-Calonne Salmagne Samogneux Sampigny Sassey-sur-Meuse Saudrupt Saulmory-et-Villefranche Saulvaux Saulx-lès-Champlon Sauvigny Sauvoy Savonnières-devant-Bar Savonnières-en-Perthois Seigneulles Senon Senoncourt-lès-Maujouy Septsarges Sepvigny Seuil-d'Argonne Seuzey Silmont Sivry-la-Perche Sivry-sur-Meuse Sommedieue Sommeilles Sommelonne Sorbey Sorcy-Saint-Martin Les Souhesmes-Rampont Souilly Spincourt Stainville Stenay Taillancourt Tannois Thierville-sur-Meuse Thillombois Thillot Thonne-la-Long Thonne-le-Thil Thonne-les-Près Thonnelle Tilly-sur-Meuse Trémont-sur-Saulx Trésauvaux Tréveray Les Trois-Domaines Tronville-en-Barrois Troussey Troyon Ugny-sur-Meuse Vacherauville Vadelaincourt Vadonville Val-d'Ornain Valbois Varennes-en-Argonne Varnéville Vassincourt Vaubecourt Vaucouleurs Vaudeville-le-Haut Vaudoncourt Vauquois Vaux-devant-Damloup Vaux-lès-Palameix Vavincourt Velaines Velosnes Verdun Verneuil-Grand Verneuil-Petit Véry Vigneulles-lès-Hattonchâtel Vigneul-sous-Montmédy Vignot Villécloye Ville-devant-Belrain Ville-devant-Chaumont Ville-en-Woëvre Villeroy-sur-Méholle Villers-aux-Vents Villers-devant-Dun Villers-le-Sec Villers-lès-Mangiennes Villers-sous-Pareid Villers-sur-Meuse Ville-sur-Cousances Ville-sur-Saulx Villotte-devant-Louppy Villotte-sur-Aire Vilosnes-Haraumont Vittarville Void-Vacon Vouthon-Bas Vouthon-Haut Waly Warcq Watronville Wavrille Willeroncourt Wiseppe Woël Woimbey Xivray-et-Marvoisin

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 138419570 LCCN: n83317531 GND: 4080265-6 BNF:

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