HOME
The Info List - Banu Umayya


--- Advertisement ---



The Banu Umayya (Arabic: بنو أمية‎), also known as the Umayyads (Arabic: الأمويون / بنو أمية‎ al-Umawiyyun), were a clan of the Quraysh
Quraysh
tribe descended from Umayya ibn Abd Shams. The clan staunchly opposed the Islamic prophet Muhammad, but eventually embraced Islam
Islam
before the latter's death in 632. A member of the clan, Uthman, went on to become the third Rashidun caliph in 644-656, while other members held various governorships. One of these governors, Mu'awiyah I, became caliph in 661 and established the Umayyad Caliphate. The dynasty ruled and expanded the Caliphate until their overthrow by another Qurayshi clan, the Abbasids, in 750.

Contents

1 History 2 Notable individuals of the Banu Umayya clan 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf (the paternal great-grandfather of the Islamic prophet Muhammad) and ' Abd Shams ibn Abd Manaf were conjoined twins - born with Hashim's leg attached to Abd Shams' head. It was said that they had struggled in the womb, each seeking to be firstborn. Their birth was remembered for Hashim being born with one of his toes pressed into the younger twin-brother, Abd Shams's, forehead. Legend says that their father, 'Abd Manaf ibn Qusai, separated his conjoined sons with a sword and that some priests believed that the blood that had flown between them signified wars between their progeny (rivalry between the Hashemite Abbasid Caliphate
Abbasid Caliphate
and the Umayyad Caliphate would indeed reach a bloody climax in the Abbasid Revolution, culminating in 750 CE).[1] The astrologers of Arabia opined that Abd Munaaf had committed a grave error when he separated his sons by means of a sword; they did not regard his deed as a good omen.[2] The Banu Umayya clan took its name from Abd Shams ibn Abd Manaf's son Umayya ibn Abd Shams.[3][4] Bani Umayyah became enemies of the Bani Hashim when Hashim banished his brother, 'Abd Shams ibn Abd Manaf, from Mecca.[5] The enmity and opposition between Bani Umayya and Bani Hashim
Bani Hashim
began before the struggle for rulership and authority had occurred between them and before Islam
Islam
had gained predominance in the 7th century CE. The reasons for this included tribal party spirit, superiority complex, old grudges, desire for vengeance of the murder of kinsmen, political views, personal sentiments, and differences in ways of life and manner of thinking. Bani Umayya and Bani Hashim
Bani Hashim
were the chiefs of Mecca
Mecca
and held high offices even during the Age of ignorance. The chieftainship of Bani Hashim
Bani Hashim
was spiritual, whereas that enjoyed by Bani Umayya was political and they were also tradesmen and possessed enormous wealth.[6] Notable individuals of the Banu Umayya clan[edit]

Uthman
Uthman
ibn Affan Ramla bint Abi Sufyan Abu Sufyan ibn Harb Mu'awiya ibn Abu Sufyan Yazid ibn Mu'awiya Mu'āwiya ibn Yazīd Marwan bin Hakam Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan Walid bin Abdul Malik Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik Umar bin Abdul Aziz Yazid bin Abdul Malik Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik Al-Walid bin Yazid bin Abdul Malik Yazid bin al-Walid Ibrahim bin al-Walid Marwan bin Muhammad
Muhammad
bin Marwan[5] Abu Zora Tarif

See also[edit]

Tribes of Arabia Umayyad Caliphate Umayyad family tree

References[edit]

^ Ibn Kathir; Le Gassick, Trevor; Fareed, Muneer. The Life of the Prophet Muhammad: Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya. p. 132.  ^ Razvi, Haafiz Mohammed Idrees (2009). Manifestations of the Moon Of Prophethood (PDF). Imam Mustafa Raza Research Centre Overport. p. 18.  ^ " Banu Hashim
Banu Hashim
- Before the Birth of Islam". Al-Islam.org. Retrieved 1 August 2013.  ^ "Muslim Congress". Muslim Congress. Archived from the original on 22 June 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2013.  ^ a b "The Bani Umayyah". playandlearn.org. Retrieved 1 August 2013.  ^ "The Bani Umayyah". Retrieved 1 August 2013. 

v t e

Sub-clans of Quraish tribe

Banu Abd-al-dar Banu Abd-Shams

Banu Umayya

Banu 'Adiy Banu Hashim

Banu Abbas

Banu Husays

Banu Jumah Banu Sahm

Banu Makhzum Banu Nawfal Banu Taym Banu Zuhrah

v t e

Historical Arab tribes

These prefixes ignored in the alphabetical ordering: Al, Bani, Banu.

Banu Abbas Banu Abdul Qays ʿĀd Banu al-Akhdari Banu Amela Banu 'Amir Banu Amr Anmar Banu Aslam Banu Aws Azd Bahila Banu Bakr Banu Bakr
Banu Bakr
ibn Abd Manat Banu Daws Banu Dhubyan Al Fadl Banu Fazara Ghatafan Banu Hakam Harb Hakami Banu Hamdan Bani Hamida Banu Hanifa Al-Haram Hawazin Banu Hilal Jarm Banu Judham Juhaynah Jurhum Banu Ka'b Banu Kalb Banu Kanz Kahlan Banu Khazraj Banu Kilab Banu Kinanah Kindah Banu Khutheer Banu Lahyan Banu Lakhm Madh'hij Maqil Banu Murra Banu Mustaliq Banu Muzaina Nukha Banu al-Qayn Qays Qedarite Quda'a Quraysh Banu Sad Banu Shayban Bani Shehr Banu Shuja Banu Sulaym Taghlib Tanukh Tayy Banu Thaqif Banu Umayya Banu Uqayl Banu Zayd

Part of Arab tribes

This article about an ethnic group in Asia is a stub. You can help by expandi

.