HOME
The Info List - Bangladeshi


--- Advertisement ---



Bangladeshis
Bangladeshis
(Bengali: বাংলাদেশী[24] [ˈbaŋlad̪eʃi]) are the citizens of Bangladesh. The country is named after the historical region of Bengal, of which it constitutes the largest and easternmost part. Bangladeshi citizenship was formed in 1971, when the permanent residents of the former East Pakistan
East Pakistan
were transformed into citizens of a new republic.[25] Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is the world's eighth most populous nation. Vast majority of Bangladeshis
Bangladeshis
are ethnolingustically Indo-Aryan people
Indo-Aryan people
who speak Bengali–Assamese languages native to the region and follow the Islamic religion, by far the largest of them being Bengalis. The population of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is concentrated in the fertile Bengal
Bengal
delta, which has been the center of urban and agrarian civilizations for millennia. The country's highlands, including the Chittagong Hill Tracts
Chittagong Hill Tracts
and the Sylhet Division, are home to various tribal minorities. Bengali Muslims
Bengali Muslims
are the predominant ethnoreligious group of Bangladesh with a population of 146 million, which makes up majority of the country's population. Chittagonian people, Rangpuri people and Sylhetis form the majority in Chittagong, Rangpur and Sylhet
Sylhet
regions respectively. The minority Bengali Hindu
Bengali Hindu
population in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is 15,726,800 which makes up 9.6% of the total country population. Non Bengali-Assamese Muslims make up the largest immigrant community; while the Tibeto-Burman
Tibeto-Burman
Chakmas, who speak the Indo-Aryan Chakma language, are the largest indigenous ethnic group after Indo-Aryan Bengali-Assamese peoples.[26] The Austroasiatic
Austroasiatic
Santhals
Santhals
are the largest aboriginal community. The Bangladeshi diaspora
Bangladeshi diaspora
is concentrated in the Middle East, North America and the United Kingdom. Several hundred thousand Non-Resident Bangladeshis
Bangladeshis
(NRBs) have dual citizenship in Commonwealth countries like the UK and Canada.

Contents

1 Terminology 2 Demographics

2.1 Bengalis 2.2 Other Bengali-Assamese Peoples 2.3 Non-Bengali Muslims 2.4 Tribes of the Chittagong
Chittagong
Hill Tracts 2.5 Tribes of North and Northeast Bangladesh 2.6 Tribes of Southern Bangladesh

3 Rural society 4 Urban society 5 Identity 6 Culture

6.1 Languages 6.2 Surnames

7 See also 8 References

Terminology[edit]

Bangladesh
Bangladesh
in Asia

Bangladeshis
Bangladeshis
receive or have received several names:

Bangladeshis, the most widely used term to refer to the citizens of Bangladesh. The etymology of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
(Country of Bengal) can be traced to the early 20th century, when Bengali patriotic songs, such as Namo Namo Namo Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Momo by Kazi Nazrul Islam
Islam
and Aaji Bangladesher Hridoy by Rabindranath Tagore, used the term.[27][28] Bangalees, an exonym for Bengalis. Between 1972 and 1978, the Constitution of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
referred all citizens of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
as Bangalees. This was an inaccuracy, as 2% of the population are indigenous and immigrant non-Bengalis. Under President Ziaur Rahman, the constitutional term was changed to Bangladeshi as part of efforts to promote Bangladeshi nationalism.[29] East Bengalis, a term used in reference to Bangladesh
Bangladesh
being a political unit based on the partition of Bengal. The territory was known as East Bengal
Bengal
twice in the 20th century. The first was as Eastern Bengal
Bengal
and Assam
Assam
in the British Raj
British Raj
between 1906 and 1912. The second was as the Dominion of Pakistan's province of East Bengal between 1947 and 1955. Bangals, a term used informally in neighboring India
India
to refer to Bangladeshis. Bangal
Bangal
is also the Hindustani term for Bengal. In West Bengal, the term is widely used among upper class subgroups to differentiate families from Bangladesh. The opposite of Bangal
Bangal
in this social setting is Ghoti, a term used to refer to people from West Bengal.

Demographics[edit] Bengalis[edit]

Bangladeshi artists performing in a dance show.

Approximately 98% of the Bangladeshi population are Bengalis. Most are native to East Bengal. The Bengali people have hybrid multiracial origins, including Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Tibeto-Burman
Tibeto-Burman
and Austroasiatic
Austroasiatic
ancestry.[30] East Bengal
Bengal
was a prosperous melting pot for centuries. It witnessed a synthesis of Islamic, North Indian and indigenous Bengali cultures. Today, Bengalis
Bengalis
enjoy strong cultural homogeneity with a common standardized language and a variety of dialects. 90% of the population are Bengali Muslims
Bengali Muslims
(146 million). This makes Bangladesh
Bangladesh
the world's third largest Muslim
Muslim
majority country after Indonesia
Indonesia
and Pakistan. Bengali Muslims
Bengali Muslims
also make up the world's second largest Muslim
Muslim
ethnic group after Arab Muslims. Most Bangladeshi Muslims are member of the Sunni
Sunni
branch of Islam. There are significant minorities of the Shia
Shia
and Ahmadiya
Ahmadiya
branches. Bengali Hindus are the largest minority of Bangladesh, with a population between 10-12 million. Bangladesh
Bangladesh
has the third largest Hindu population in the world after India
India
and Nepal. There are an estimated 400,000 Bengali Christians
Bengali Christians
and 500,000 Bengali Buddhists. The Bengali population is concentrated in Bengal
Bengal
delta, the coastal areas of Chittagong
Chittagong
Division and the river valleys of Sylhet
Sylhet
Division. Other Bengali-Assamese Peoples[edit] Other than Bengali Muslims, Chittagonian people, Rangpuri people and Sylhetis form the majority populations in Chittagong, Rangpur and Sylhet
Sylhet
regions respectively. Non-Bengali Muslims[edit] An estimated 3 million Bangladeshi citizens are non-Bengali Muslim immigrants from different parts of South Asia. They include affluent sections of the country's merchant and business class, particularly Nizari Ismailism
Nizari Ismailism
adherents.[31] They also include former Stranded Pakistanis and their descendants. Bangladesh's non- Bengali Muslims
Bengali Muslims
are usually fluent in both Bengali and Hindustani. Tribes of the Chittagong
Chittagong
Hill Tracts[edit] In southeastern Bangladesh, the Chittagong Hill Tracts
Chittagong Hill Tracts
frontier has a district history. It was an exclusive zone for Tibeto-Burman
Tibeto-Burman
tribes in Bengal
Bengal
during the British Raj. Today, the area makes up 10% of Bangladesh's territory. It is home to several indigenous ethnic groups in the three hill districts of Rangamati, Bandarban
Bandarban
and Khagrachari. The three largest communities in the region have a Raja
Raja
as their tribal chief who is recognized by the Government of Bangladesh.

The Chakma people
Chakma people
are the largest tribe of the Chittagong
Chittagong
Hill Tracts and the second largest indigenous ethnic group of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
after Bengalis. A Tibeto-Burman
Tibeto-Burman
community, they have been greatly influenced by Bengali culture, including in their native Chakma language, a branch of the Bengali-Assamese languages. Most Chakmas are concentrated in Rangamati
Rangamati
District. The community is headed by the Chakma Raja. The majority of Chakmas are Therevada Buddhists, with a minority being Hindu.[32] The Marma people
Marma people
are second largest community in the Chittagong
Chittagong
Hill Tracts. They have a Raja
Raja
and are concentrated in the districts of Bandarban
Bandarban
and Khagrachari. The Marmas are originally Arakanese people who moved to the territory in the 17th century in order to escape Burmese persecution.[33] The Mro people
Mro people
are the third largest community in the region and have a Raja. Buddhism, Christianity
Christianity
and animist beliefs are among the chief faiths of the Mros. Their population is concentrated in Bandarban District.[34] Mros are originally related to the Chin people
Chin people
of Myanmar.[35] The Tanchangya people
Tanchangya people
are among the oldest native indigenous tribes of the region. They speak the Indo-Aryan Tanchangya language and adhere to Therevada Buddhism.[36][37] The Bawm people
Bawm people
are a Tibeto-Burman
Tibeto-Burman
Christian
Christian
community. They are among the oldest inhabitants of the region.[38][39] The Tripuri people
Tripuri people
inhabit much of Khagrachari
Khagrachari
District. Their population is divided between Bangladesh
Bangladesh
and their larger indigenous homeland in the Indian state of Tripura.[40][41] The Khumi people
Khumi people
are one of the poorest and smallest tribes of the region.[42][43] They originate from Arakan.[44] The Kuki people
Kuki people
are the Bangladeshi counterparts of Chins in northern Myanmar and Mizos
Mizos
in northeast India.[45]

Tribes of North and Northeast Bangladesh[edit] There are several Austroasiatic, Tibeto-Burman
Tibeto-Burman
and Indo-Aryan tribes which inhabit parts of northern and northeastern Bangladesh.

The Santhal people
Santhal people
are the largest aboriginal community of the country. They speak the Austroasiatic
Austroasiatic
Santhali language. Their culture is noted for martial dance traditions. Their population is most concentrated in Rajshahi Division
Rajshahi Division
and Rangpur Division. The Santhals have been the focal point of land rights controversies as the Bangladeshi government seeks to develop open pit coal mining in the their tribal hinterlands.[46][47] The Garo people
Garo people
inhabit the Haluaghat Upazila
Haluaghat Upazila
of Mymensingh
Mymensingh
District. They have high literacy rates and are adherents of Christianity.[48][49] The Bisnupriya Manipuri people
Bisnupriya Manipuri people
are the second largest ethnic group in Sylhet
Sylhet
Division. They are adherents of Hinduism
Hinduism
and the speak the Indo-Aryan Bishnupriya Manipuri language. Their classical Manipuri dance tradition is a key part of Bangladesh's national culture.[50][51] A negligible small minority of Marwari people
Marwari people
live in various cities and towns of the country such as Dinajpur, Kushtia and Narayanganj. Although many of them have been assimilated into the larger Hindu Bengali demographics, they still use the marwari surnames such as Agarwal, Singhania etc. They are among the affluent sections of the country's merchant and business class.

Tribes of Southern Bangladesh[edit]

An Arakanese Rakhine community has resided in Barisal Division
Barisal Division
for three centuries. They arrived by the sea after escaping Burmese conquests in the 17th century.[52][53]

Rural society[edit] The basic social unit in a village is the family (poribar or gushti), generally consisting of a complete or incomplete patrilineally extended household (chula) and residing in a homestead (bari). The individual nuclear family often is submerged in the larger unit and might be known as the house (ghor). Above the bari level, patrilineal kin ties are linked into sequentially larger groups based on real, fictional, or assumed relationships.[54] A significant unit larger than that of close kin is the voluntary religious and mutual benefit association known as "the society" (shomaj or milat). Among the functions of a shomaj might be the maintenance of a Mosque and support of a mullah. An informal council of shomaj elders (matabdars or shordars) settles village disputes. Factional competition between the motobdars is a major dynamic of social and political interaction.[54] Groups of homes in a village are called Paras, and each para has its own name. Several paras constitute a mauza, the basic revenue and census survey unit. The traditional character of rural villages was changing in the latter half of the 20th century with the addition of brick structures of one or more stories scattered among the more common thatched bamboo huts.[54] Although farming has traditionally ranked among the most desirable occupations, villagers in the 1980s began to encourage their children to leave the increasingly overcrowded countryside to seek more secure employment in the towns. Traditional sources of prestige, such as landholding, distinguished lineage, and religious piety were beginning to be replaced by modern education, higher income, and steadier work. These changes, however, did not prevent rural poverty from increasing greatly. Urban society[edit]

View of downtown Dhaka, the largest city in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
and one of the world's most populated cities

In 2015, 34% of Bangladeshis
Bangladeshis
lived in cities.[55] Dhaka
Dhaka
is the largest city in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
and one of the world's most populous megacities. Other important cities include Chittagong, Sylhet, Khulna, Rajshahi, Jessore, Barisal, Comilla, Narayanganj
Narayanganj
and Mymensingh. Most urban centers are rural administrative towns. Urban centers grew in number and population during the 1980s as a result of an administrative decentralization program that featured the creation of upazilas.[56] Identity[edit] Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is noted for cultural pluralism within a Bengali Muslim majority. Traditional Bengali secularism has been an important contributor to the nation's society and ethos. The Bengali language
Bengali language
is a fundamental element of Bangladeshi identity. It is a secular language which evolved between the 7th and 10th centuries, with an indigenous alphabet, and unites people of different faiths and regions. The Bengali Language Movement
Bengali Language Movement
sowed the seeds of East Pakistani nationalism, ultimately culminating in the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. Since independence, the relationship between religion and the state has been controversial. Between 1972 and 1975, Bangladesh
Bangladesh
experienced socialism under a secular parliamentary system. Military
Military
coups ushered a sixteen-year presidential regime, which restored the free market and promoted moderate Islamism. In 1988, Islam
Islam
was made the state religion. In 2010, the Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Supreme Court reaffirmed the principle of separation of mosque and state in the constitution, although Islam
Islam
remains the state religion.[57] The government generally respects freedom of religion and ensures protection for minorities.[58] Another debate on national identity concerns attitudes towards the Chittagong
Chittagong
Hill Tracts. A low-level insurgency took place in the region to demand constitutional autonomy against Bengali settlements. Despite a peace treaty in 1997, the Bangladeshi government is yet to implement many of its commitments to protect adivasi land rights. However, the deletion in 1977 of Bangalee as the nationality term for the country's citizens, in order to be inclusive of non-Bengali minorities, also reflects attempts to build a more cosmopolitan Bangladeshi society. Culture[edit] See also: Culture of Bangladesh Bangladeshi culture is a mainly a synthesis of indigenous Bengali and Islamic cultures. Festivals on the both the secular Bengali calendar and the Islamic calendar are widely celebrated. The tribes of the Chittagong Hill Tracts
Chittagong Hill Tracts
often follow the Burmese calendar, which reflect the country's links with Southeast Asia. Languages[edit] Main article: Languages of Bangladesh

The word written in the Bengali script

The official language of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is Bengali, which is shared with the neighboring Indian states of West Bengal, Assam
Assam
and Tripura. Bengali dialects
Bengali dialects
vary between different regions of Bangladesh. The oldest literary inscription in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
dates back to the 3rd century BCE. It was found at Mahasthangarh
Mahasthangarh
and is written in the Brahmi script. The language is Magadhi Prakrit.[59] The Bengali language developed from Magadhi Prakrit, and its written from Apabhramsa, between the 7th and 10th centuries. It once formed a single eastern Indo-Aryan language
Indo-Aryan language
with Assamese and Odia, but later became distinct. It became an official language of the Sultanate of Bengal, where it was spoken as the main vernacular language. It absorbed vocubulary from Arabic, Persian and Sanskrit. Bengali is the 10th most spoken language in the world. The language was modernized during the Bengali renaissance
Bengali renaissance
in the 19th century. It has influenced other languages in the region, including Chakma, Rohingya, Assamese, Odia and Nepali. The indigenous Bengali alphabets descended from Brahmi serves as the Bengali script. The Bengali Language Movement
Bengali Language Movement
in East Pakistan
East Pakistan
was a key catalyst of forming Bangladeshi identity. It is commemorated by UNESCO
UNESCO
as International Mother Language Day, as part of worldwide efforts to preserve linguistic heritage. Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is also home to number of minority indigenous languages, including Santhali, Garo, Marma, Chakma and Bisnupriya Manipuri. Surnames[edit] Main article: Bangladeshi name Bangladeshis
Bangladeshis
Muslims typically but not exclusively carry surnames that have Arabic
Arabic
and Persian origins. Bangladeshi Hindus have Sanskritized Bengali surnames. Many Bangladeshi Christians have Portuguese surnames. Buddhists have a mixture of Bengali and Tibeto-Burman surnames. See also[edit]

List of Bangladeshis Bangladeshi diaspora Demographics of Bangladesh

References[edit]

^ "U.S. and World Population Clock". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved October 23, 2015.  ^ Migration Profile - Saudi Arabia ^ Migration Profile - UAE ^ 2011 Census: KS201UK Ethnic group, local authorities in the United Kingdom ONS, Retrieved 21 October 2013 ^ Migration Profile - Malaysia ^ Migration Profile - Kuwait ^ Migration Profile - Qatar ^ "Bangladesh- Singapore
Singapore
Bilateral Relations". High Commission of Bangladesh, Singapore. Retrieved 30 November 2015.  ^ Migration Profile - Oman ^ "Amministrazione Centrale". lavoro.gov.it. Retrieved 11 December 2015.  ^ Migration Profile - Bahrain ^ Migration Profile - Maldives ^ Australian Government - Department of Immigration and Border Protection. "The Bangladesh-born Community". Archived from the original on 13 February 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2014.  ^ [1] Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data - Statistics Canada. ^ "バングラデシュ人民共和国(People's Republic of Bangladesh)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan)
(in Japanese). Retrieved 29 October 2017.  ^ "Profiles on Lawful Permanent Residents: 2013 Country". dhs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.  ^ "체류외국인 국적별 현황", 《통계연보(글내용) < 통계자료실 < 출입국·외국인정책본부》, South Korea: Ministry of Justice, 2014, p. 290, retrieved 15 October 2015  ^ a b c "IRIN Asia - BANGLADESH: Migrants fare badly in Italy
Italy
- Bangladesh
Bangladesh
- Economy - Migration". IRINnews. Retrieved 11 December 2015.  ^ Состав группы населения «Указавшие другие ответы о национальной принадлежности» -ВПН-2010 ^ Ethnologue. "Bangladesh". Ethnologue. Retrieved 6 July 2013.  ^ "Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation". The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity. Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 9 August 2012. ^ "Bangladesh". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 22 December 2014.  ^ Bangladesh: Country Profile Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bureau of Educational Information and Statistics (BANBEIS) ^ "৬। নাগরিকত্ব -- গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশের সংবিধান". Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20121007124849/http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country%2C%2CNATLEGBOD%2C%2CBGD%2C%2C3ae6b51f10%2C0.html ^ http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Chakmas,_The ^ https://www.google.de/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=nomo+nomo+nomo+bangladesh+momo&start=0 ^ http://www.geetabitan.com/lyrics/A/aaji-bangladesher-hridoy.html ^ https://books.google.com.bd/books?id=cN8rBgAAQBAJ&pg=PA165&dq=ziaur+rahman+nationaility+bangladeshi+constitution&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiV2-rJhMjOAhVKu48KHRiwD2cQ6AEIKDAC#v=onepage&q=ziaur%20rahman%20nationaility%20bangladeshi%20constitution&f=false ^ https://books.google.com.au/books?id=fOQkpcVcd9AC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false ^ https://www.theismaili.org/heritage-expressions/new-dhaka-jamatkhana-seen-symbol-confidence-bangladesh ^ "Chakma people". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Marma people". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Hill people ready to welcome Boisabi". The Daily Star. 2017-04-13. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Banglapedia baffles all with wrong information about small nationalities". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Tanchangya People". www.utacf.org. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Cultural exchange programme held in port city". The Daily Star. 2015-12-09. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Cultural exchange programme held in port city". The Daily Star. 2015-12-09. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Coffee from the Hill Tracts Dhaka
Dhaka
Tribune". Dhaka
Dhaka
Tribune. 2016-09-17. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ Chakravarty, Ipsita. " Tripura
Tripura
vs Twipra: An old identity politics may feed into new political rivalries". Scroll.in. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Tripuri, the son of the soil of Tripura
Tripura
state". www.tripura.org.in. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Indigenous culture needs a shot in the arm". The Daily Star. 2008-08-25. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "In the land of the Bangalis". The Daily Star. 2016-02-21. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "The many shades of Boisabi". The Daily Star. 2017-04-14. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Kuki people". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Santhal people". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Santals, The - Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Garo people". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Garo, The - Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Manipuri, The - Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "::: Star Insight :::". archive.thedailystar.net. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "'Sakhina' set to become a mum". The Daily Star. 2015-08-07. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ "Far from madding crowd on Pahela Baishakh". Prothom Alo. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ a b c Rahim, Enayetur. "Rural Society". In Heitzman & Worden. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2017-04-21.  ^ Rahim, Enayetur. "Urban Society". In Heitzman & Worden. ^ "BANGLADESH" (PDF). state.gov. United States
United States
Department of State. Retrieved 21 April 2017.  ^ https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/171752.pdf ^ http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Mahasthan_Brahmi_Inscription

v t e

Bangladesh articles

History

Timeline Outline Topics:

Bengal Aviation Literature Military Postal

Rulers Cyclones Years

Ancient

Vedic period Anga Vanga Pundra Suhma Kingdom Magadha Pradyota Shishunaga Nanda Gangaridai Maurya Empire Shunga Empire Kanva dynasty Gupta Empire

Classical & Medieval

Classical Empires:

Pala Kamboja Sena

Sultanates:

Islamic rulers in South Asia Delhi Sultanate Khalji dynasty Bengal
Bengal
Sultanate

Sur Empire Baro-Bhuyan Mughal period:

Mughal Bengal Nawabs of Bengal Battle of Plassey

Colonial & Pakistan
Pakistan
era

Portuguese Bengala British Bengal:

Famine of 1770 Sepoy Rebellion Bengali renaissance Partition of Bengal
Bengal
(1905) Prime Minister of Bengal Lahore Resolution Famine of 1943 Direct Action Day Partition of Bengal
Bengal
(1947)

East Pakistan:

Language Movement Legislative election in 1954 Six point movement 1969 Uprising General election in 1970 Proclamation of Independence

Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Liberation War:

Provisional Government Genocide Rape Timeline

Republic Bangladesh

Famine of 1974 Military
Military
coups

1975 1981 1982

Political crisis in 2006–08 Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Rifles revolt

Type og Banglaeshi Media

Geography

Administrative:

Divisions Districts Sub-districts Cities and Towns

Nature:

Islands Lakes Mountains National parks Rivers

Places:

Bay of Bengal Bengal
Bengal
Fan Chittagong
Chittagong
Hill Tracts Cox's Bazar Ganges
Ganges
Basin Ganges
Ganges
Delta Jat Area Sundarbans Reserve Forest Hatirjheel

Politics

Government

Executive:

President Prime Minister Cabinet

Elections Political parties Foreign relations Foreign policies Jatiya Sangsad
Jatiya Sangsad
(parliament):

Constituencies Speaker

Local government:

City Corporations Municipalities Upazila
Upazila
Parishads Union Councils

Law:

Constitution Supreme Court High Court Division Chief Justice Attorney General

Human rights:

Forced disappearance Freedom of religion LGBT rights

Military
Military
& Enforcement

Armed Forces:

Army Navy Air Force DGFI

Paramilitary:

Border Guard Coast Guard Ansar Village Defence Party

President Guard Regiment

International Crimes Tribunal Intelligence:

NSI Special
Special
Branch

Police:

CID RAB SPBn

Special
Special
Security Force

Economy

Industries:

Automotive Ceramics Electronics Food Pharmaceutical Textile Shipbuilding Steel Tea production

Finance Sectors:

Banking Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bank (central bank) Bangladeshi taka
Bangladeshi taka
(currency) Financial system

Stock Exchange:

Chittagong Dhaka 2011 scam

Energy & Resources:

Electricity Natural gas and petroleum Nuclear energy Renewable energy

Export Processing Zones Agriculture:

Poultry Fishing

Forestry National Economic Council Tourism Poverty Infrastructure:

Post Telecommunications Real estate Water supply and sanitation

Transport:

Airports Airlines Railway Roads Ports

Society

Demographics

Ethnic groups Bangladeshis

Names

Crime Education

Schools Universities

Health Religion Society

Culture

Architecture Baul Calendar Cinema Cuisine Ghosts Language Bengal
Bengal
Studies Literature Music Public holidays Sports Street children Theatre TV and radio channels Weddings

Symbols

Bangamata Amar Sonar Bangla Notuner Gaan Flag Government Seal Ilish Jackfruit National Martyrs’ Memorial Kabaddi Mango tree National Emblem Oriental magpie-robin Bengal
Bengal
Tiger Bengal
Bengal
Cat Bengal
Bengal
fire Bungalow Water lily

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

v t e

Bangladeshi diaspora

Americas

Canada

Toronto Vancouver

United States

Bengali

Asia

India Japan Malaysia Maldives Middle East Pakistan

Elsewhere

Australia Italy New Zeal

.