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BBC FOUR is a British television channel operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation and available to digital television viewers on Freeview , IPTV , satellite , and cable .

BBC Four launched on 2 March 2002, with a schedule running from 19:00 to 04:00. The channel shows "a wide variety of programmes including comedy, documentaries, music, international film, original programmes, drama and current affairs ... an alternative to programmes on the mainstream TV channels". It is required by its licence to broadcast at least 100 hours of new arts and music programmes, 110 hours of new factual programmes and to premiere twenty international films each year.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Organisation * 3 BBC Four HD * 4 Programming

* 5 Programmes

* 5.1 Original programming * 5.2 Imports * 5.3 Domestic repeats * 5.4 Music * 5.5 Sport (shown in 2016) * 5.6 Classics (shown in 2007 and 2015)

* 6 Presentation * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

HISTORY

BBC Four launched on 2 March 2002 at 19:00 GMT , having been delayed from the original planned 2001 launch. BBC Four began originally as a late schedule to BBC Two, before it received its own channel, along with BBC Three . Curiously, BBC Four had to launch before BBC Three as a result of the government delaying approval plans. The channel replaced BBC Knowledge , an educational and cultural channel which had undergone many changes throughout its lifetime; in its final format it carried a schedule of documentaries and art programming, essentially a test of the new BBC Four schedule. BBC Four would rebrand this channel, and bring it into line with the well recognised BBC One and Two brands at the same time. Planning for the new channel, along with the new BBC Three , had been in progress since October 2000; however, the incumbent government delayed approving the new BBC digital plans. The BBC Four plans were approved earlier, and as a result launched before BBC Three.

BBC Four was different from the old BBC Knowledge: the channel would be more heavily promoted with more new and original programming and the channel would not be broadcast 24 hours a day. This was because on the Freeview digital terrestrial platform, BBC Four is broadcast in a statistically multiplexed stream in Multiplex B that timeshares with the CBeebies channel (which is on air from 06:00 until 19:00). As a result, BBC Four broadcasts from 19:00 to around 04:00 each night, with an hour's down-time and promotions for CBeebies before the start of that channel's schedule.

On 12 May 2011, BBC Four was added to the Sky EPG in the Republic of Ireland on channel 230. It later moved to EPG 211 to free up space for new channels.

ORGANISATION

BBC Four forms part of the BBC Vision group, and as a result, the channel controller is answerable to the head of this executive department: Emma Swain, as of 2012. The channel direction is determined by the channel's remit, set by royal charter and the corporation's governing body (the BBC Trust ), and by the channel controller. In October 2013, following the departure of Richard Klein from the controllership, the management of the channel changed, with the role of Controller of BBC Four scrapped: from this point the Controller of BBC Two would have ultimate oversight of BBC Four as part of their role, absorbing some of the former duties of the Controller of BBC Four, but a new 'Channel Editor' post, reporting up to this controller, would be created to take day-to-day charge of Four. The controllers of BBC Four from 2002-2016 have been:

* 2002–2004: Roly Keating * 2004–2008: Janice Hadlow * 2008–2013: Richard Klein * 2013–2014: Janice Hadlow (as Controller of BBC Two and BBC Four) "on an interim basis" - Hadlow had been Controller of BBC Two since departing BBC Four in 2008 * Early 2014: Adam Barker (interim Controller of BBC Two and BBC Four following Janice Hadlow's departure to a new post) * 2014–2016: Kim Shillinglaw (as Controller of BBC Two and BBC Four)

Channel Editors of BBC Four have been:

* 2013–present: Cassian Harrison

BBC Four has an annual budget of £54.3 million.

On 20 January 2016, Kim Shillinglaw announced that she had decided to leave the BBC as the Controller of BBC Two "> BBC Four HD logo.

On 16 July 2013, the BBC announced that a high-definition (HD) simulcast of BBC Four would be launched by early 2014. The channel launched on 10 December 2013, and rolled out nationwide up to June 2014 (as will BBC News HD and CBeebies HD ). The channel broadcasts on the BBC's new HD multiplex on Freeview and shares its stream with CBeebies HD as they both air at different times. Prior to launch, the majority of BBC Four's HD output was broadcast on the BBC HD channel before its closure on 26 March 2013.

PROGRAMMING

Main article: List of programmes broadcast by the BBC

BBC Four's primary role is to reflect a range of UK and international arts, music and culture. It should provide an ambitious range of innovative, high quality programming that is intellectually and culturally enriching, taking an expert and in-depth approach to a wide range of subjects. —  BBC FOUR REMIT BBC Four share of viewing 2002-2013 BARB figures

The first evening's BBC Four programmes were simulcast on BBC Two . BBC Four is notable for first showing Larry David 's _ Seinfeld _ follow-up, _ Curb Your Enthusiasm _, Armando Iannucci 's cutting political satire , _ The Thick of It _, _The Chaser\'s War on Everything _, _Flight of the Conchords _, _ Mad Men _ and Danish thriller _The Killing _.

The channel broadcasts a mixture of art and science documentaries , vintage drama (including many rare black-and-white programmes), and non-English language productions such as films from the Artificial Eye catalogue, the French thriller _Spiral _ and the Swedish detective series _Wallander _. BBC Four further supports foreign language films with its annual World Cinema Award which has been running since 2004.

On weekdays at 19:00 and weekends at 21:00, the channel shows a 30-minute global news programme _ World News Today _, simulcast with and produced by BBC World News . It also screens a number of documentaries such as _ The Century of the Self _ and _The Trials of Henry Kissinger _. The channel is also home to many political travel shows such as _ Holidays in the Axis of Evil _ which features investigative journalism.

Drama has given the channel some of its most popular programmes, with _The Alan Clark Diaries _ (2003) and _Kenneth Williams: Fantabulosa! _ (2006) being among the highest rated, with over 800,000 viewers. The highly acclaimed Hattie , broadcast in 2011, holds the record for BBC4's best ever consolidated ratings of 2m / 8%. Before that _The Curse of Steptoe _ brought the channel its highest audience figures, estimated as 1.41 million viewers, a 7% share of multichannel audiences between 21:00 and 22:05, based on overnight returns. The official audience figures for the broadcast, including time-shifting, were later published as 1,625,000. Another notable production was a live re-make of the 1953 science-fiction serial _The Quatermass Experiment _, adapted from the original scripts into a single, two-hour version (though on the night it, in fact, underran considerably, lasting less than 1 hour 40 minutes), broadcast on the evening of Saturday 2 April 2005. Discounting BBC Four's previous live relays of theatrical Shakespeare productions, this was the first live made-for-television drama to be broadcast by the BBC for twenty years.

Another notable programme broadcast on BBC Four is _Charlie Brooker\'s Screenwipe _ which contains reviews of current shows, as well as stories and commentary on how television is produced. The show is presented by broadcaster Charlie Brooker .

The channel is also curator and leader of the BBC Archive project whose aim is that the BBC's television archive is re-broadcast as much as appropriate so that the Archive can be enjoyed again and not isolated.

Some output from BBC Four (documentaries rather than foreign films) was for a time repeated on BBC Two in a ' BBC Four on Two' branded area, although this was often in a late night broadcast slot after _ Newsnight _ and has since been discontinued.

According to BARB the comedy panel game _QI _ has the highest ratings of any show on BBC Four.

At the Edinburgh International Television Festival , BBC Four won the Non-Terrestrial Channel of the Year award in 2004, 2006 and 2012.

In 2012 _Dirk Gently _ became the first continuing drama series produced for the channel.

BBC Four is occasionally used to show live sports coverage. The channel aired additional games from the UEFA Euro 2016 football tournament, and temporarily extended its broadcast hours to show live action from the 2016 Summer Olympics .

PROGRAMMES

ORIGINAL PROGRAMMING

* _The Art of Cornwall_ * _The Ballad of Mott the Hoople_ * _ BBC Four Sessions_ * _Birds Britania_ * _Britain by Bike_ * _Britain\'s Best Drives _ * _Can Eating Insects Save the World_ * _Charlie Brooker\'s Screenwipe _ * _Children's TV Trials_ * _Churches: How To Read Them_ * _ The Curse of Steptoe _ * _ Detectorists _ * _ Dinosaurs, Myths and Monsters _ * _Dirk Gently _ * _Elegance and Decadence: The Age of the Regency_ * _The First World War _ * _Frankenstein: Birth of a Monster_ * _Free Will and Testament: The Robert Wyatt Story_ * _Goodbye Television Centre_ * _The Great War_ * _Hattie _ * _HG Wells: War with the World _ * _ Hive Minds _ * _How to Build a Dinosaur_ * _If Walls Could Talk_ * _Jerusalem: The Making of a Holy City_ * _Music for Misfits: The Story of Indie_ * _ Only Connect _ * _Racing at the BBC_ * _Sandhurst_ * _The Secret Life of Ice_ * _Shock and Awe: The Life of Electricity_ * _Singer-Songwriters at the BBC_ * _Sings the..._ * _ The Life of Rock with Brian Pern _ * _The Story of Musicals_ * _The Story of the National Grid_ * _Survivors: Nature\'s Indestructible Creatures _ * _Talking Children_ * _Timeshift_ * _ Twenty Twelve _ * _To Kill a Mockingbird at 50_ * _Walter\'s War _ * _ World News Today _ (simulcast on BBC Four and BBC World News weekdays at 19:00; temporaily replaced by _100 Days +_)

IMPORTS

* _Arne Dahl _ * _The Bridge _ * _Borgen _ * _Hostages _ * _Inspector De Luca _ * _Inspector Montalbano _ * _The Killing _ * _Minuscule _ * _The Money_ * _Salamander _ * _Spiral _ * _Trapped_ * _Wallander _

DOMESTIC REPEATS

* _Africa_ * _All Creatures Great and Small _ * _Batman _ * _The Bear Family and Me_ * _ Blue Peter _ (Classics only) * _ The Blue Planet _ * _Butterflies _ * _ Casualty 1906 _ * _ Casualty 1907 _ * _ Climbing Great Buildings _ * _Cranford _ * _ Doctor Who _ (the Classic Series) * _ Ever Decreasing Circles _ * _ Fawlty Towers _ * _ The Frozen Planet _ * _The Good Life _ * _ Great British Railway Journeys _ * _I, Claudius _ * _ Juliet Bravo _ * _ Last of the Summer Wine _ * _Life _ * _The Life and Loves of a She-Devil_ * _ The Life of Mammals _ * _ The Likely Lads _ * _Monty Python\'s Flying Circus _ * _ The Onedin Line _ * _Outnumbered _ * _Planet Earth _ * _Porridge _ * _ Pride and Prejudice _ * _ The Sky at Night _ * _Sorry! _ * _Supernatural_ * _ Sykes _ * _ Tales of Beatrix Potter _ * _ Top of the Pops _ * _Waking the Dead _ * _ Walking with Beasts _ * _ Walking with Dinosaurs _ * _ Whatever Happened to the Likely Lads? _ * _ Yes Minister _ * _Yes, Prime Minister _ * _The Young Ones _

MUSIC

* _ BBC Radio 1\'s Big Weekend (from 2016)_ * _Coldplay Live_ * _ David Gilmour Live in Gdansk _ (part of David Gilmour Night) * _ Eurovision Song Contest _ semi-finals (from 2016) * _Madness Live_ (part of Goodbye Television Centre) * _Queen 1975 Live_

SPORT (SHOWN IN 2016)

* _ UEFA Euro 2016 _ (one match) * _ 2016 Summer Olympics _

CLASSICS (SHOWN IN 2007 AND 2015)

* _The Avengers _ * _ Blue Peter _ * _ The Clangers _ * _Grange Hill _ * _ The Magic Roundabout _ * _ Newsround _ * _Play School _

PRESENTATION

Main articles: BBC Four idents and History of BBC television idents

The channel's initial series of idents were generated dynamically reflecting the frequencies of the continuity announcers' voice or of backing music and were designed by Lambie-Nairn . As a result, no two idents were ever the same. The first continuity announcer was Zeb Soanes .

When the channel first started airing, it used the slogan "Everyone Needs A Place To Think", but the BBC stopped using this several months after the launch. However the BBC Four logo and above slogan can be found, engraved on benches along the South Bank in London, between the London Eye and Waterloo Bridge .

On 10 September 2005, the channel began showing new idents comprising a central BBC Four logo surrounded by four quadrants which show different stages of the same footage thus making for a sort of optical illusion; for example, a swimming pool where a person on an inflatable ring appears in the bottom-left corner, though ripples don't enter the remaining quarters. Although the image appears as one at the start of the ident, by the end it is clearly four separate images.

SEE ALSO

* BBC portal

* Book: BBC Channels (UK)

* List of documentary channels * BBC Four World Cinema Award * List of television stations in the United Kingdom

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ "Culture, controversy and cutting edge documentary: BBC FOUR prepares to launch", BBC Press Office, 14 February 2002. Retrieved 2 April 2010. * ^ "