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Roads in Israel Highways

Arlozorov
Arlozorov
Interchange

La Guardia Interchange

Near HaShalom Interchange

Near Rokach Interchange

Heavy Afternoon Traffic

Near HaShalom Railway
Railway
Station

North of Arlozorov
Arlozorov
Interchange

Highway 20, more commonly the Ayalon Highway,[1] or simply Ayalon (Hebrew: נתיבי איילון‎, pronounced: "Netivei Ayalon", lit. "Ayalon Routes"), is a major intracity freeway in Gush Dan, Israel. The road runs along the eastern border of central Tel Aviv from north to south (with a planned east-west branch as well) and connects all of the major highways leading to the city—such as Highway 4 from Ashdod
Ashdod
and the Southern regions, Highway 2 from Haifa and the Northern regions, Highway 5 from the East, and Highway 1 from Jerusalem
Jerusalem
and the Southeast. The Ayalon Highway is heavily travelled and on an average day almost 600,000 vehicles enter the freeway.[2] It consists of a multi-lane highway with a multi-track railway located between the opposite travel lanes. Some of the highway's route is along the Ayalon River, hence its name.

Contents

1 Background 2 Impact 3 Plans 4 Interchanges 5 References 6 External links

Background[edit] Before the construction of the Ayalon Highway, all the major inter-city highways leading to Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
terminated in the outskirts of the city. This created major traffic congestion in the entry and exit points and made driving through the city very difficult. Moreover, before the highway, Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
had two separate railway stations, one in the north and one in the south, which were not connected. Thus passengers wanting to travel to the South of the country could only do so from the southern station and those who wanted to travel to the North could only do so from the northern (Central) station. Even worse, trains from the northern part of the country could not travel to the southern part of the country without bypassing Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
from the east, making train travel in Israel
Israel
very inefficient. Finally there was the problem of the Ayalon River, which went through parts of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
and would sometimes cause flooding. To solve these problems, as early as the 1950s ideas were raised regarding using the route of the river as a transportation corridor, but it wasn't until the mid-1960s that the government began planning. In the 1970s a government-owned company, Ayalon Highways Ltd., was set up to construct the highway. The first phase included construction of a concrete channel for the Ayalon River
Ayalon River
to alleviate the flooding problem. In 1982, the first section of the road opened, and in 1991 the final section of the central part of the road was completed. This section connects Route 1 in the south with Route 5 and Route 2 in the north. Ayalon Railway
Railway
with four stations was built in the center of the highway, which provided for the long-sought connection of Israel's railway network through Tel Aviv. In the early 1990s the construction of a southern section of the highway had started. This section goes from Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
HaHagana railway station through the southern Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
suburbs of Holon, Bat Yam
Bat Yam
and Rishon LeZion
Rishon LeZion
and connects to Highway 4 north of Yavne. After the highway splits with the Ayalon River
Ayalon River
at Highway 1, it goes on the route of a road called Heyl HaShiryon Road (דרך חיל השריון‬, "The Armored Corps Road"), then on the route of Yigael Yadin
Yigael Yadin
Road until Wolfson Interchange, where it goes on the route of Yigal Allon
Yigal Allon
Road (דרך יגאל אלון‬). Impact[edit] The road and railway had a major impact on the Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
region. While quite congested at times it nevertheless alleviated traveling to and through Tel Aviv. Considerable real estate development of offices, shopping, and housing occurred along the route, so much so, that Tel Aviv's Central Business District
Central Business District
lost much of its importance as many businesses relocated to near the road. Israel
Israel
Railways saw huge increases in passenger numbers now that north/south trains could travel through Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
instead of around it. Plans[edit] The southern part of the highway (i.e., the section passing through the Holon, Bat Yam
Bat Yam
and Rishon LeZion
Rishon LeZion
suburbs) was completed in 2012, including a second overpass in the Holon
Holon
interchange and dual track railroad and 6 stations in the median of the highway (as part of a project which extended the Coastal Railway
Railway
to Ashdod). An east-west branch "Ayalon East", from Highway 4 to the Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
University railway station along the path of the Yarkon River
Yarkon River
has been planned, but is still not approved.[3] Currently the northern terminus of the road is in Herzliya, but is expected to be extended further north to near kibbutz Shefayim, where it will have another connection to Highway 2 by 2018 as part of the Route 531 construction project. The central section of the road is built along the banks of the Ayalon River. However, Israel
Israel
railways is in desperate need of adding a fourth railroad track in that area and no space exists to do so but "on top" of the river itself. Several suggestions have been made to solve this problem, ranging from diverting the entire river through Jaffa, to building an elevated highway, to creating a man-made lake for capturing flooding overflow south of the city and burying the river in a large diameter pipe and constructing the railway on top of it. All these solutions involve great cost and no decision has been made yet on how to proceed. The long-term projection is for Route 20 to run as far north as Hadera. However, this has garnered very strong opposition from environmental groups, since the road would have to cross a nature preserve and other sensitive environmental areas. These groups suggest widening Highway 2 (the so-called "Coastal Highway"), an existing freeway north of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
which roughly parallels (several kilometers to the west) Route 20's future route, instead of extending Route 20 northwards. There is an effort to create a system of bus priority for certain lines that are heavily used and that run through congested areas. This effort is being led by transportation professionals and environmental groups, such as Transport Today and Tomorrow, which seeks to improve sustainable transportation in Israel. Buses are currently subject to the same traffic as cars and creating specific lanes and other forms of prioritization would help to alleviate this problem. Interchanges[edit] List of interchanges in order from the southernmost at Gan Sorek
Gan Sorek
to the current northern terminus at Menachem Begin St. in Herzliya:

km Name Type Meaning Location Road(s) Crossed

0 מחלף חולות‬ (Holot Interchange)

Sand Dunes Gan Sorek Highway 4

1 מחלף מבוא איילון‬ (Mevo Ayalon Interchange)

Ayalon Gateway Rishon LeZion Route 431

3.5 מחלף משה דיין‬ ( Moshe Dayan
Moshe Dayan
Interchange)

named after Moshe Dayan Rishon LeZion Route 441

5 מחלף קוממיות‬ (Komemiyut Interchange)

Independence Bat Yam, Holon HaKomemiyut St.

6.5 מחלף יוספטל‬ (Yoseftal Interchange)

named after Yoseftal Bat Yam, Holon Yoseftal Blvd.

7.5 מחלף דב הוז‬ ( Dov Hoz
Dov Hoz
Interchange)

named after Dov Hoz Holon, Bat Yam Dov Hoz
Dov Hoz
Blvd.

9 מחלף וולפסון‬ (Wolfson Interchange)

Named after nearby Wolfson Medical Center Holon, Tel Aviv Heinrich Heine St., Ed Koch St., HaRav Heller St., HaLochamim St.

12 מחלף חולון‬ ( Holon
Holon
Interchange)

named after biblical location[4] (little) sand Holon Highway 44, Levi Eshkol Blvd.

13 מחלף חיל השריון‬ (Heil HaShiryon)

Armored Corps Tel Aviv Highway 2, Hel HaShiryon Blvd.

13 מחלף קיבוץ גלויות‬ ( Kibbutz
Kibbutz
Galuyot Interchange)

Ingathering of the Exiles Tel Aviv Highway 1, Highway 2, Kibbutz
Kibbutz
Galuyot St., Route 461 (Lehi St.)

14 מחלף לה גוורדייה‬ (LaGuardia Interchange)

Named after the intersecting LaGuardia Street,[5] which was named in the 1950s for Israel
Israel
supporter New York mayor Fiorello LaGuardia[6][7] Tel Aviv LaGuardia St.

16 מחלף השלום‬ (HaShalom Interchange)

(the) Peace Tel Aviv HaShalom Road

17 מחלף ארלוזורוב‬ ( Arlozorov
Arlozorov
Interchange)

Named after Arlozorov Tel Aviv Arlozorov
Arlozorov
Road, Route 481

17.5 מחלף ההלכה‬ (Ha Halakha Interchange)

Halakha Tel Aviv HaRav Shlomo Goren St. Bialik St.

19 מחלף רוקח‬ (Rokah Interchange)

Named after Israel
Israel
Rokach Tel Aviv Rokah Blvd.

21 מחלף קרן קיימת‬ (Keren Kayemet Interchange)

Jewish National Fund Tel Aviv Keren Kayemet LeYisrael Blvd.

23 מחלף גלילות מזרח‬ (Glilot Mizrah Interchange)

Named after location of former Jewish refugee camp East Glilot Ramat HaSharon Highway 5, to Highway 2

25.5 מחלף שבעת הכוכבים‬ (Shiv'at HaKohavim Interchange)

The Seven Stars (Herzl's Zionist flag design) Herzliya Route 541

27.5 מחלף המעפילים‬ (HaMa'apilim Interchange) (northbound only)

The Clandestine Immigration Kfar Shmaryahu Menachem Begin Blvd.

Under construction

29 מחלף רשפון‬ ( Rishpon
Rishpon
Interchange)

Named after nearby moshav Rishpon
Rishpon
Village Rishpon Route 531, to Highway 2

Railway
Railway
stations are located nearby the following interchanges (with station name in parenthesis, if differs from interchange name): Shiv'at HaKohavim (Herzliyya), Rokach (University), Arlozorov
Arlozorov
(Tel Aviv Central), HaShalom, Kibbutz
Kibbutz
Galuyot (HaHagana), Holon, Wolfson, Yoseftal, Komemiyut, Moshe Dayan. References[edit]

^ Ayalon Highways, official website English ^ "חברת נתיבי איילון בע"מ". Ayalonhw.co.il. Retrieved 2014-02-24.  ^ "About the Ayalon East project, from the official website". Ayalonhw.co.il. Retrieved 2014-02-24.  ^ Joshua 21:15 ^ Travel Israel: An Illustrated Guide, Phrasebook, and Maps, MobiReference, 2007, ISBN 9781605010397, p. PT76 ^ "Correct street sign spelling of LaGuardia proves elusive". Haaretz. Associated Press. February 15, 2005. Archived from the original on 2014-04-22.  ^ Judy Shepard Rosenfeld (1952). Ticket to Israel: An Informative Guide. Rinehard. p. 50. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Highway 20 (Israel).

Ayalon Highways Ltd. – Official site. Includes up to the minute traffic reports and live traffic camera views. Transport Today and Tomorrow

v t e

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Allenby Street Begin Road Ben Yehuda Street Dizengoff Street HaMasger Street HaYarkon Street Ibn Gabirol Street King George Street Nahalat Binyamin Street Rothschild Boulevard Sderot Yerushalayim Yefet Street

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HaArba'a Street Frishman Street Kaplan Street Sheinkin Street

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Ayalon Highway Highway 2

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Coordinates: 32°02′15″N 34°45′52″E / 32.03750°N 34.76444°E /

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