ROADS IN ISRAEL
Arlozorov Interchange La Guardia Interchange Near
HaShalom Interchange Near Rokach Interchange Heavy
Afternoon Traffic Near HaShalom
Railway Station North of
HIGHWAY 20, more commonly the AYALON HIGHWAY, or simply AYALON
(Hebrew : נתיבי איילון, pronounced: "Netivei Ayalon",
lit. "Ayalon Routes"), is a major intracity freeway in
Gush Dan ,
Israel . The road runs along the eastern border of central Tel Aviv
from north to south (with a planned east-west branch as well) and
connects all of the major highways leading to the city—such as
Highway 4 from
Ashdod and the Southern regions , Highway 2 from Haifa
and the Northern regions , Highway 5 from the East, and Highway 1 from
Jerusalem and the Southeast . The Ayalon Highway is heavily travelled
and on an average day almost 600,000 vehicles enter the freeway. It
consists of a multi-lane highway with a multi-track railway located
between the opposite travel lanes. Some of the highway's route is
Ayalon River , hence its name.
* 1 Background
* 2 Impact
* 3 Plans
* 4 Interchanges
* 5 References
* 6 External links
Before the construction of the Ayalon Highway, all the major
inter-city highways leading to
Tel Aviv terminated in the outskirts of
the city. This created major traffic congestion in the entry and exit
points and made driving through the city very difficult. Moreover,
before the highway,
Tel Aviv had two separate railway stations, one in
the north and one in the south, which were not connected. Thus
passengers wanting to travel to the South of the country could only do
so from the southern station and those who wanted to travel to the
North could only do so from the northern (Central) station . Even
worse, trains from the northern part of the country could not travel
to the southern part of the country without bypassing
Tel Aviv from
the east, making train travel in
Israel very inefficient. Finally
there was the problem of the Ayalon River, which went through parts of
Tel Aviv and would sometimes cause flooding.
To solve these problems, as early as the 1950s ideas were raised
regarding using the route of the river as a transportation corridor,
but it wasn't until the mid-1960s that the government began planning.
In the 1970s a government-owned company, Ayalon Highways Ltd., was set
up to construct the highway. The first phase included construction of
a concrete channel for the
Ayalon River to alleviate the flooding
problem. In 1982, the first section of the road opened, and in 1991
the final section of the central part of the road was completed. This
section connects Route 1 in the south with Route 5 and Route 2 in the
north. A railway with four stations was built in the center of the
highway, which provided for the long-sought connection of Israel's
railway network through Tel Aviv.
In the early 1990s the construction of a southern section of the
highway had started. This section goes from the HaHagana railway
station through the southern
Tel Aviv suburbs of
Bat Yam and
Rishon LeZion and connects to Highway 4 north of
Yavne . After the
highway splits with the
Ayalon River at Highway 1, it goes on the
route of a road called Heyl HaShiryon Road (דרך חיל
השריון, "The Armored Corps Road"), then on the route of
Yigael Yadin Road until Wolfson Interchange, where it goes on the
Yigal Allon Road (דרך יגאל אלון).
The road and railway had a major impact on the
Tel Aviv region. While
quite congested at times it nevertheless alleviated traveling to and
through Tel Aviv. Considerable real estate development of offices,
shopping, and housing occurred along the route, so much so, that Tel
Central Business District
Central Business District lost much of its importance as many
businesses relocated to near the road.
Israel Railways saw huge
increases in passenger numbers now that north/south trains could
Tel Aviv instead of around it.
The southern part of the highway (i.e., the section passing through
Bat Yam and
Rishon LeZion suburbs) was completed in 2012,
including a second overpass in the
Holon interchange and dual track
railroad and 6 stations in the median of the highway (as part of a
project which extended the Coastal
Railway to Ashdod). An east-west
branch "Ayalon East", from Highway 4 to the
Tel Aviv University
railway station along the path of the
Yarkon River has been planned,
but is still not approved. Currently the northern terminus of the
road is in
Herzliya , but is expected to be extended further north to
Shefayim , where it will have another connection to
Highway 2 by 2018 as part of the Route 531 construction project.
The central section of the road is built along the banks of the
Ayalon River. However,
Israel railways is in desperate need of adding
a fourth railroad track in that area and no space exists to do so but
"on top" of the river itself. Several suggestions have been made to
solve this problem, ranging from diverting the entire river through
Jaffa , to building an elevated highway, to creating a man-made lake
for capturing flooding overflow south of the city and burying the
river in a large diameter pipe and constructing the railway on top of
it. All these solutions involve great cost and no decision has been
made yet on how to proceed.
The long-term projection is for Route 20 to run as far north as
Hadera . However, this has garnered very strong opposition from
environmental groups, since the road would have to cross a nature
preserve and other sensitive environmental areas. These groups suggest
widening Highway 2 (the so-called "Coastal Highway"), an existing
freeway north of
Tel Aviv which roughly parallels (several kilometers
to the west) Route 20's future route, instead of extending Route 20
There is an effort to create a system of bus priority for certain
lines that are heavily used and that run through congested areas. This
effort is being led by transportation professionals and environmental
groups, such as Transport Today and Tomorrow, which seeks to improve
sustainable transportation in Israel. Buses are currently subject to
the same traffic as cars and creating specific lanes and other forms
of prioritization would help to alleviate this problem.
List of interchanges in order from the southernmost at
Gan Sorek to
the current northern terminus at Menachem Begin St. in
מחלף מבוא איילון
(Mevo Ayalon Interchange)
מחלף משה דיין
Moshe Dayan Interchange)
Moshe Dayan Rishon LeZion
Bat Yam ,
Holon HaKomemiyut St.
Yoseftal Bat Yam,
Holon Yoseftal Blvd.
מחלף דב הוז
Dov Hoz Interchange)
Dov Hoz Holon,
Dov Hoz Blvd.
Named after nearby
Wolfson Medical Center Holon,
Tel Aviv Heinrich Heine St.,
Ed Koch St.,
HaRav Heller St.,
named after biblical location
(little) sand Holon
Highway 44 ,
Levi Eshkol Blvd.
מחלף חיל השריון
Highway 2 ,
Hel HaShiryon Blvd.
מחלף קיבוץ גלויות
Kibbutz Galuyot Interchange)
Ingathering of the Exiles
Highway 1 ,
Highway 2 ,
Kibbutz Galuyot St.,
Route 461 (Lehi St.)
מחלף לה גוורדייה
Named after the
intersecting LaGuardia Street, which was
named in the 1950s for
Israel supporter New York mayor Fiorello
LaGuardia Tel Aviv
Arlozorov Tel Aviv
HaRav Shlomo Goren St.
Israel Rokach Tel Aviv
מחלף קרן קיימת
(Keren Kayemet Interchange)
Jewish National Fund
Jewish National Fund
מחלף גלילות מזרח
(Glilot Mizrah Interchange)
Named after location of former
Jewish refugee camp
Highway 5 ,
to Highway 2
מחלף שבעת הכוכבים
(Shiv'at HaKohavim Interchange)
The Seven Stars
(Herzl\'s Zionist flag design )
The Clandestine Immigration
Menachem Begin Blvd.
Named after nearby moshav
Route 531 ,
to Highway 2
Railway stations are located nearby the following interchanges (with
station name in parenthesis, if differs from interchange name):
Shiv'at HaKohavim (Herzliyya), Rokach (University),
Aviv Central), HaShalom,
Kibbutz Galuyot (HaHagana),
Junction), Wolfson, Yoseftal, Komemiyut, Moshe Dayan.
* ^ Ayalon Highways, official website English
* ^ "חברת נתיבי איילון בע"מ". Ayalonhw.co.il.
* ^ "About the Ayalon East project, from the official website".
Ayalonhw.co.il. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
* ^ Joshua 21:15
* ^ Travel Israel: An Illustrated Guide, Phrasebook, and Maps,
MobiReference, 2007, ISBN 9781605010397 , p. PT76
* ^ "Correct street sign spelling of LaGuardia proves elusive".
Haaretz. Associated Press. February 15, 2005. Archived from the
original on 2014-04-22.
* ^ Judy Shepard Rosenfeld (1952). Ticket to Israel: An Informative
Guide. Rinehard. p. 50.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to HIGHWAY 20 (ISRAEL) .
* Ayalon Highways Ltd. – Official site. Includes up to the minute
traffic reports and live traffic camera views.
* Transport Today and Tomorrow
Streets in Tel Aviv-Yafo