PARENTS Ashikaga Yoshiakira Ki no Yoshiko
Kinkakuji Temple, the Golden Pavilion at Kinkaku-ji , originated as the villa of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu.
ASHIKAGA YOSHIMITSU (足利 義満, September 25, 1358 – May 31,
1408) was the 3RD SHOGUN of the
Ashikaga shogunate , who was in power
from 1368 to 1394 during the
Muromachi period of
* 1 Timeline * 2 Muromachi * 3 Family * 4 Eras of Yoshimitsu\'s _bakufu_ * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 External links
_ This article IS IN A LIST FORMAT THAT MAY BE BETTER PRESENTED USING PROSE . You can help by converting this article to prose, if appropriate . Editing help is available. (November 2015)_
Significant events shape the period during which Yoshimitsu was shogun:
* 1368 – Yoshimitsu appointed shogun; Chōkei ascends southern throne. * 1369 – Kusunoki Masanori defects to Ashikaga. * 1370 – Imagawa Sadayo sent to subdue Kyushu. * 1371 – Attempts to arrange truce. * 1373–1406 – Embassies between China and Japan. * 1374 – En\'yū ascends northern throne. * 1378 – Yoshimitsu builds the Muromachi palace in Kyoto's elite district of Kamigyo, on the site of the former residence of the nobleman Saionji Sanekane. * 1379 – Shiba Yoshimasa becomes _ Kanrei _. * 1380 – Kusunoki Masanori rejoins Kameyama ; southern army suffers reverses. * 1382 – Go-Komatsu ascends northern throne; resurgence of southern army. * 1383 – Yoshimitsu's honors; Go-Kameyama ascends southern throne.
* 1385 – Southern army defeated at Koga .
* 1387–1389 – Dissension in Toki family in Mino .
* 1389 – Yoshimitsu pacifies Kyūshū and distributes lands;
Yoshimitsu opposed by Kamakura _kanrei_
Ashikaga Ujimitsu .
* 1390 – Kusunoki defeated; Yamana Ujikiyo chastises Tokinaga.
* 1391 – Yamana Ujikyo attacks
Yoshimitsu constructed his residence in the
Muromachi section in the
Yoshimitsu resolved the rift between the Northern and Southern Courts in 1392, when he persuaded Go-Kameyama of the Southern Court to hand over the Imperial Regalia to Emperor Go-Komatsu of the Northern Court. Yoshimitsu's greatest political achievement was that he managed to bring about the end to _ Nanboku-chō _ fighting. This event had the effect of firmly establishing the authority of the Muromachi shogunate and suppressing the power of the regional age daimyo who might challenge that central authority.
Although Yoshimitsu retired in 1394 and his son was confirmed as the fourth shogun Ashikaga Yoshimochi , the old shogun did not abandon any of his powers. Yoshimitsu continued to maintain authority over the shogunate until his death.
Yoshimitsu also played a major role in the genesis of Noh theatre, as the patron of Zeami Motokiyo , the actor considered to be Noh's founder.
Yoshimitsu died suddenly in 1408 at age 50. After his death, his retirement villa (near Kyoto) became Rokuon-ji , which today is famous for its three-storied, gold-leaf covered reliquary known as "Kinkaku". So famous is this single structure, in fact, that the entire temple itself is often identified as the Kinkaku-ji , the Temple of the Golden Pavilion. A statue of Yoshimitsu is found there today.
* Father: Ashikaga Yoshiakira * Mother: Kino Yoshiko (1336-1413) * Wife: Hino Nariko (1351-1405)
* Ichijo no Tsubone * Hino Yasuko (1369-1419) * Fujiwara no Yoshiko (1358-1399) * Kaga no Tsubone (d.1422) * Kasuga no Tsubone * Nefu'in (1370-1421) * Fujiwara no Kyoko (1369-1406) * Fujiwara no Tomoko (d.1426) * Keijun'in * Takahashi-dono (d.1429) * Ikegami-dono (d.1426)
* a daughter by Nariko * Ashikaga Yoshimochi by Yoshiko * Ashikaga Yoshinori by Yoshiko * Ashikaga Yoshitsugu (1394-1418) by Kasuga * Daiji-in Sei (1395-1433) by Nefu'in * Gisho (1406-1467) by Tomoko * Irie Juzen (1397-1415) by Yoshiko * Sonman by Kaga * Hodo (1385-1387) by Kaga * a boy (1394-1436) by Kyoko * Daijin'in Sei (1396-1453) by Kyoko * a daughter married Rokkaku Mitsutsuna * Kaji Yoshiaki (1406-1467) by Tomoko * Koshoin by Keijun'in * a daughter by Ikegami * Kozan Eiryu (1403-1442) by Ikegami *
ERAS OF YOSHIMITSU\'S _BAKUFU_
The years in which Yoshimitsu was shogun are more specifically identified by more than one era name or _nengō _. _NANBOKU-CHō_ SOUTHERN COURT
* Eras as reckoned by legitimate Court (as determined by Meiji rescript):
_NANBOKU-CHō_ NORTHERN COURT
* Eras as reckoned by pretender Court (as determined by Meiji rescript):
_POST-NANBOKU-CHō_ REUNIFIED COURT
* Eras merged as _Meitoku_ 3 replaced _Genchū_ 9 as Go-Kameyama abdicated.
* ^ Stavros, Matthew, and Norika Kurioka. "Imperial Progress to the
Muromachi Palace, 1381 A Study and Annotated Translation of Sakayuku
* Ackroyd, Joyce I. (1982) _Lessons from History: the Tokushi
Yoron._ Brisbane: University of Queensland Press. ISBN 9780702214851 ;
* Morton, W. Scott and J. Kenneth Olenik. (1973). _Japan: Its
History and Culture._ Newton Abbot, Devon: David OCLC 462186835
* Pier, Garrett Chatfield. (1914). _Temple Treasures of Japan._ New
York: Frederick Fairchild Sherman. OCLC 535337
* Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). _
Nihon Ōdai Ichiran
_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to ASHIKAGA YOSHIMITSU _.