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ASHBY-DE-LA-ZOUCH (/ˌæʃbɪ dələ ˈzuːʃ/ ), often shortened to ASHBY, is a small market town and civil parish in North West Leicestershire
Leicestershire
, England, within the National Forest . It is a sister city with Pithiviers in north-central France and lies close to the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
border. The population of the town according to the 2001 census was 12,758, which increased to 13,759 in the 2011 census.

Ashby-de-la-Zouch Castle was of importance from the 15th to the 17th centuries. In the 19th century the town became a spa town . Before the growth of Coalville , it was the chief town in north-west Leicestershire.

In the 19th century its main industries were ribbon manufacture, coal mining, and brickmaking. The town was served by the Leicester
Leicester
to Burton upon Trent Line of the Midland Railway from 1849.

The civil parish includes the hamlets of Shellbrook west of the town and Boundary to its north-west.

Nearby villages include Lount , Normanton le Heath
Normanton le Heath
, Smisby , Packington , Donisthorpe
Donisthorpe
, Oakthorpe , Moira , Measham and Coleorton . The towns of Swadlincote , Burton-upon-Trent , Melbourne and Coalville are all within 10 miles (16 km) of Ashby, with the city of Derby
Derby
11 1⁄2 miles (19 km) due north.

The town is situated at the heart of The National Forest and approximately 24 miles (39 km) due south of the Peak District National Park . It lies on the A42 between Tamworth and Nottingham
Nottingham
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Notable buildings

* 2.1 Churches * 2.2 Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe
Baths * 2.3 Water tower

* 3 Business * 4 Recreation * 5 Transport * 6 Culture * 7 Notable people * 8 Appearance in fiction * 9 Location * 10 References * 11 External links

HISTORY

Ashby-de-la-Zouch castle

The town was known as Ashby in 1086. This is a word of Anglo -Danish origin, meaning "Ash-tree farm" or "Ash-tree settlement". The Norman French name extension dates from the years after the Norman conquest of England
England
, when Ashby became a possession of the La Zouche family during the reign of Henry III .

Ashby-de-la-Zouch Castle was built in the 12th century. The town and castle came into the possession of the Hastings family in 1464 and William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings enhanced its fortifications from 1473. In the English Civil War
English Civil War
, the town was one of the Cavaliers ' chief garrisons under the control of Colonel Henry Hastings, 1st Baron Loughborough
Loughborough
and commander of the North Midlands Army. When the town fell after a long siege in March 1646, it was counted a great relief to the surrounding towns and villages. Main article: Ashby de la Zouch Castle

Many of the buildings in Market Street, the town's main thoroughfare, are timber framed. Most of this structure is hidden by later brick facades. The Bull's Head public house retains its original Elizabethan half-timbering, although most of this was plastered over some years ago and can no longer be seen from the street. A short distance further down Market Street is a shop, currently occupied as a LOROS Charity Shop, which retains its original Elizabethan timbers in full street view. Regency buildings are also standing in this street. Bath Street has a row of Classical -style houses called Rawdon Terrace, dating from the time the 1820s, when the town was a spa destination.

The local upper school , Ashby School
Ashby School
, previously Ashby Grammar School, is a mixed comprehensive school for 14–18-year-olds. It was founded in 1567. The town formerly had two other endowed boys' schools founded in the 18th century.

A local high school, Ivanhoe College , for 11 to 14-year-olds, is named after the historical novel Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe
by Sir Walter Scott
Walter Scott
, which he set in the area of the castle. In Scott's novel the town hosts an important archery competition held by Prince John , in which Robin Hood competes and wins.

Manor House School is an independent day school in the centre of Ashby for boys and girls aged four to 16. The school is located between St Helen's Church and the ruins of Ashby's historic castle. Pupils travel to the school from a wide geographical area.

NOTABLE BUILDINGS

CHURCHES

Holy Trinity parish church Methodist church Congregational church Our Lady of Lourdes
Our Lady of Lourdes
Roman Catholic church

St Helen\'s Church is Ashby's original Anglican parish church. It is a late 15th-century Perpendicular Gothic building. The outer aisles were designed by J. P. St. Aubyn and added in 1878. St. Helen's contains notable memorials to various members of the Hastings family and other notables. It also holds a rare 300-year-old finger pillory , which may have been used to punish people misbehaving in church.

Holy Trinity Church is a Gothic Revival building designed by H. I. Stevens in the Early English Gothic style and built in 1838–40. It has galleries supported by iron columns. The chancel was added in 1866 and the ironwork chancel screen in 1891.

The Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
of Our Lady of Lourdes
Our Lady of Lourdes
was designed by F. A. Walters and built in 1908–15 at the expense of the 15th Duke of Norfolk . It is neo-Norman , with three apses and a tower at the southeast corner.

The Congregational Church
Congregational Church
was built in 1825 in a neoclassical style with Tuscan columns.

The Methodist Church was built in 1867–68 in a Gothic Revival style.

IVANHOE BATHS

The Watertower at Ashby de la Zouch
Ashby de la Zouch
Cemetery

The Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe
Baths was an 1822 Neo-Grecian building with a Doric façade 200 feet (61 m) long. Unused, it was derelict by 1960, and was demolished in 1962. Mineworkers discovered a copious saline spring when working coal at Moira Colliery, 3 miles (5 km) west of the town, in 1805. Here developers built the Moira Baths, with a large hotel nearby for travellers. After a few years, however, it was decided to convey the water to Ashby, where the Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe
Baths were built. The Royal Hotel, originally called the Hastings Hotel, was built in 1826 to accommodate visitors to the growing spa. It has a Doric porte-cochère and additional Doric columns in its hall inside.

WATER TOWER

The Grade II listed, 19th-century water tower, located in the town's cemetery, on Moira Road, has been approved for conversion to a house, despite protests from English Heritage
English Heritage
, Ashby Civic Society, and local residents. The approval of the adaptation has proved controversial, as the water tower is a prominent landmark in the town, and a Grade II-listed building. The renovation plan includes the construction of a three-storey stair tower and a two-storey glass conservatory. Given the tower's prominence and historical interest, there are fears that the additions may damage the tower and detract from its beauty. English Heritage
English Heritage
has raised concerns about the amount of alterations to be made to the tower and advised that such plans should be abandoned. Ashby Civic Society has attended every council meeting since proposals were submitted, to protest against the plans. It is looking for a "suitable conversion that safeguards the integrity of the building", and condemns the current proposals as "architectural vandalism of a landmark Grade II-listed building". "We are appalled that the objection of English Heritage, guardians of listed buildings, can be so easily brushed aside."

BUSINESS

In the 19th century Ashby's main industry was leather working. There was also a cotton textile factory and a glue factory. Ashby was surrounded by coalmines but was never a coal mining town itself. By far the largest employer in the town today is United Biscuits , providing about 2,000 jobs at its distribution centre, which stores its products and transports them nationwide, and its KP Snacks factory in Smisby Road. Its products include Hula Hoops , Skips , Nik Naks , Space Raiders , and Choc Dips. The firm formerly had a larger presence in Ashby. McVitie\'s biscuit factory on Smisby Road closed in 2004 with the loss of 900 jobs.

Other employers in Ashby include Tesco
Tesco
, Ashfield Commercial ">

The nearest railway station is Burton-on-Trent , 8 miles (13 km) away. Leicester
Leicester
, 16 miles (26 km) away. It offers East Midlands Trains express passenger services to and from London St Pancras . A511 Ashby bypass

The A50 Leicester
Leicester
to Stoke-on-Trent road and the A453 Birmingham
Birmingham
to Nottingham
Nottingham
road used to pass through the town centre. The heavy traffic, which previously travelled through the town, has been greatly relieved by the A42 and A511 bypasses, which replace the A453 and A50, respectively.

Bus routes provide an hourly direct service to Coalville and Burton-upon-Trent ( Arriva Midlands
Arriva Midlands
3, 9/9A ">

NOTABLE PEOPLE

See also: Category:People from Ashby-de-la-Zouch
Ashby-de-la-Zouch

* John Bainbridge (1582–1643), astronomer and physician, was born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch. * Chris Bart-Williams (born 1974), footballer, lived in Ashby when he was playing for Nottingham
Nottingham
Forest. * Mark Chadbourn (born 1960), author and screenwriter, was born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch
Ashby-de-la-Zouch
Cottage Hospital and still lives in the area. * Frederick Bailey Deeming (1853–1892), British serial killer and Jack The Ripper suspect * Anthony Gilby (c. 1510–1585), Puritan sage * James Green (born 1944), crime and non-fiction author lived in the area in the 1970s and 1980s. * Joseph Hall (1574–1656), renowned satirist and bishop, was born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch. * Rosemary Harris (born 1927), actress who played Aunt May
Aunt May
in the Spider-Man movies * Frank Abney Hastings (1794–1828), British naval officer and Philhellene * Russell Hoult (born 1972), footballer, was born in Ashby and still lives locally (at Coleorton ). * Lara Jones (1975–2010), children's author, was born in Ashby. * Grant Kirkhope (born 1962), video game music composer and musician * Niall Mackenzie (born 1961), Grand Prix motorcycle racer, is now retired in Ashby. * James Martin (1933–2013), an IT consultant and author, was born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch * Dan Petrescu (born 1967), Romanian footballer and manager, lived in Ashby when playing for Sheffield Wednesday F.C. * Dolly Shepherd (1887–1983), notable aviator, made her return to parachuting from balloons in a display at Ashby, after recovering from a near-fatal accident. * Paul Taylor (born 1964), England
England
cricketer, was born in the town. * Roger Williamson (1948–1973), Formula One
Formula One
driver, born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch * Alastair Yates (living), former presenter on BBC News and BBC World News , went to Manor House School, Ashby; his farming family still live in the town. * The Young Knives , band formed in Ashby * Tim and Chris Stamper (living), brothers who were video game programmers, known for founding the Rareware company

APPEARANCE IN FICTION

* Adrian Mole , a fictional diarist created by writer Sue Townsend , was from Leicester
Leicester
and moved to Ashby-de-la-Zouch
Ashby-de-la-Zouch
during his lifetime. His girlfriend Pandora Braithwaite later becomes MP for the town. Townsend was invited to open the new English building at Ashby School in 2007.

LOCATION

ADJACENT PLACES OF ASHBY-DE-LA-ZOUCH

Woodville Swadlincote Burton-upon-Trent Smisby Ticknall
Ticknall
Derby
Derby
Lount Melbourne Nottingham
Nottingham

Moira Overseal Thringstone Shepshed Loughborough
Loughborough

ASHBY

Donisthorpe
Donisthorpe
Lichfield
Lichfield
Packington Measham Newton Burgoland Coalville Whitwick Leicester
Leicester

REFERENCES

* ^ "Area selected: North West Leicestershire
Leicestershire
(Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 17 July 2011. * ^ "Town population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 June 2016. * ^ Scott, W (1907). The Story of Ashby de la Zouch. London and New York: White Lion Publishers. p. 245. * ^ http://domesdaymap.co.uk/place/SK3616/ashby-de-la-zouch/ Open Domesday: Ashby-de-la-Zouche * ^ Watts, Victor; Insley, John; Gelling, Margaret , eds. (2004). The Cambridge Dictionary of Place Names. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press . p. not cited. ISBN 0-521-36209-1 . * ^ * ^ A B C D E F G H Pevsner, 1960, page 51 * ^ Henry Hastings and the Siege of Ashby * ^ "Modern photograph of The Bulls Head". Ashby Museum website. Ashby Museum. Retrieved 13 July 2012. * ^ "Photograph of 51 Market Street, Ashby de la Zouch". Ashby Museum website. Ashby de la Zouch
Ashby de la Zouch
Museum. Retrieved 13 July 2012. * ^ Pevsner, 1960, page 50 * ^ Nikolaus Pevsner , Elizabeth Williamson and Geoffrey K. Brandwood Leicestershire
Leicestershire
and Rutland, p. 79, at Google Books * ^ A B C D E Pevsner, 1960, page 54 * ^ Nikolaus Pevsner , Elizabeth Williamson and Geoffrey K. Brandwood Leicestershire
Leicestershire
and Rutland, p. 84, at Google Books * ^ Kate Noble The Game and the Governess, p. 420, at Google Books * ^ A B C D KATIE BOWLER (29 November 2012). "Thumbs-up for water tower housing plan". Burton Mail. * ^ "Water Tower, Ashby-de-la-Zouch". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 25 May 2013. * ^ "Well loved Ashby landmark gets new lease of life". Fisher German. * ^ Annual and Transition Report, Foreign Private Issuer", SEC, 06 April 2005. Quote: "During 2003, we announced a proposal to close our biscuit factory at Ashby-de-la-Zouch
Ashby-de-la-Zouch
by the end of 2004 to improve our factory utilization and enable us to effectively support growth in our priority brands. We transferred approximately one-third of production to other sites and completed the first phase of the redundancy program...During 2004... * ^ "Connecting Communities - expanding access to the rail network" (PDF). London: Association of Train Operating Companies . June 2009. p. 19. Archived from the original (pdf) on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2015. * ^ "Ashby Arts Festival". www.ashbyartsfestival.co.uk. Retrieved 10 July 2016. * ^ * ^ "Notes & Queries: Which British town is furthest from the sea?". the Guardian. 25 April 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2016.

* Curtis, John (1831). A Topographical History of the County of Leicester. Ashby-de-la-Zouch: W. Hextall. pp. 4–6. * Pevsner, Nikolaus (1960). Leicestershire
Leicestershire
and Rutland. The Buildings of England
England
. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books
Penguin Books
. pp. 50–55. * \'A Little Bit About Ashby de la Zouch\' (includes words of the song Ashby de la Zouch
Ashby de la Zouch
by the sea)

EXTERNAL LINKS

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