ASHBY-DE-LA-ZOUCH (/ˌæʃbɪ dələ ˈzuːʃ/ ), often shortened to
ASHBY, is a small market town and civil parish in North West
Leicestershire , England, within the National Forest . It is a sister
Pithiviers in north-central France and lies close to the
Derbyshire border. The population of the town according to the 2001
census was 12,758, which increased to 13,759 in the 2011 census.
Ashby-de-la-Zouch Castle was of importance from the 15th to the 17th
centuries. In the 19th century the town became a spa town . Before the
Coalville , it was the chief town in north-west
In the 19th century its main industries were ribbon manufacture, coal
mining, and brickmaking. The town was served by the
Burton upon Trent Line of the
Midland Railway from 1849.
The civil parish includes the hamlets of Shellbrook west of the town
and Boundary to its north-west.
Nearby villages include
Normanton le Heath
Normanton le Heath ,
Oakthorpe , Moira ,
The towns of
Burton-upon-Trent , Melbourne and Coalville
are all within 10 miles (16 km) of Ashby, with the city of
1⁄2 miles (19 km) due north.
The town is situated at the heart of The National Forest and
approximately 24 miles (39 km) due south of the Peak District National
Park . It lies on the A42 between Tamworth and
* 1 History
* 2 Notable buildings
* 2.1 Churches
* 2.3 Water tower
* 3 Business
* 4 Recreation
* 5 Transport
* 6 Culture
* 7 Notable people
* 8 Appearance in fiction
* 9 Location
* 10 References
* 11 External links
The town was known as Ashby in 1086. This is a word of Anglo -Danish
origin, meaning "Ash-tree farm" or "Ash-tree settlement". The Norman
French name extension dates from the years after the Norman conquest
England , when Ashby became a possession of the La Zouche family
during the reign of Henry III .
Ashby-de-la-Zouch Castle was built in the 12th century. The town and
castle came into the possession of the Hastings family in 1464 and
William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings enhanced its fortifications from
1473. In the
English Civil War
English Civil War , the town was one of the Cavaliers '
chief garrisons under the control of Colonel Henry Hastings, 1st Baron
Loughborough and commander of the North Midlands Army. When the town
fell after a long siege in March 1646, it was counted a great relief
to the surrounding towns and villages. Main article: Ashby de la
Many of the buildings in Market Street, the town's main thoroughfare,
are timber framed. Most of this structure is hidden by later brick
facades. The Bull's Head public house retains its original Elizabethan
half-timbering, although most of this was plastered over some years
ago and can no longer be seen from the street. A short distance
further down Market Street is a shop, currently occupied as a LOROS
Charity Shop, which retains its original Elizabethan timbers in full
street view. Regency buildings are also standing in this street. Bath
Street has a row of Classical -style houses called Rawdon Terrace,
dating from the time the 1820s, when the town was a spa destination.
The local upper school ,
Ashby School , previously Ashby Grammar
School, is a mixed comprehensive school for 14–18-year-olds. It was
founded in 1567. The town formerly had two other endowed boys' schools
founded in the 18th century.
A local high school,
Ivanhoe College , for 11 to 14-year-olds, is
named after the historical novel
Ivanhoe by Sir
Walter Scott , which
he set in the area of the castle. In Scott's novel the town hosts an
important archery competition held by Prince John , in which Robin
Hood competes and wins.
Manor House School is an independent day school in the centre of
Ashby for boys and girls aged four to 16. The school is located
between St Helen's Church and the ruins of Ashby's historic castle.
Pupils travel to the school from a wide geographical area.
Holy Trinity parish church Methodist church
Our Lady of Lourdes
Our Lady of Lourdes Roman Catholic church
St Helen\'s Church is Ashby's original Anglican parish church. It is
a late 15th-century Perpendicular Gothic building. The outer aisles
were designed by J. P. St. Aubyn and added in 1878. St. Helen's
contains notable memorials to various members of the Hastings family
and other notables. It also holds a rare 300-year-old finger pillory
, which may have been used to punish people misbehaving in church.
Holy Trinity Church is a Gothic Revival building designed by H. I.
Stevens in the Early English Gothic style and built in 1838–40. It
has galleries supported by iron columns. The chancel was added in
1866 and the ironwork chancel screen in 1891.
Catholic Church of
Our Lady of Lourdes
Our Lady of Lourdes was designed by F.
A. Walters and built in 1908–15 at the expense of the 15th Duke of
Norfolk . It is neo-Norman , with three apses and a tower at the
Congregational Church was built in 1825 in a neoclassical style
with Tuscan columns.
The Methodist Church was built in 1867–68 in a Gothic Revival
The Watertower at
Ashby de la Zouch
Ashby de la Zouch Cemetery
Ivanhoe Baths was an 1822 Neo-Grecian building with a Doric
façade 200 feet (61 m) long. Unused, it was derelict by 1960, and
was demolished in 1962. Mineworkers discovered a copious saline
spring when working coal at Moira Colliery, 3 miles (5 km) west of the
town, in 1805. Here developers built the Moira Baths, with a large
hotel nearby for travellers. After a few years, however, it was
decided to convey the water to Ashby, where the
Ivanhoe Baths were
built. The Royal Hotel, originally called the Hastings Hotel, was
built in 1826 to accommodate visitors to the growing spa. It has a
Doric porte-cochère and additional Doric columns in its hall inside.
The Grade II listed, 19th-century water tower, located in the town's
cemetery, on Moira Road, has been approved for conversion to a house,
despite protests from
English Heritage , Ashby Civic Society, and
local residents. The approval of the adaptation has proved
controversial, as the water tower is a prominent landmark in the town,
and a Grade II-listed building. The renovation plan includes the
construction of a three-storey stair tower and a two-storey glass
conservatory. Given the tower's prominence and historical interest,
there are fears that the additions may damage the tower and detract
from its beauty.
English Heritage has raised concerns about the amount
of alterations to be made to the tower and advised that such plans
should be abandoned. Ashby Civic Society has attended every council
meeting since proposals were submitted, to protest against the plans.
It is looking for a "suitable conversion that safeguards the integrity
of the building", and condemns the current proposals as "architectural
vandalism of a landmark Grade II-listed building". "We are appalled
that the objection of English Heritage, guardians of listed buildings,
can be so easily brushed aside."
In the 19th century Ashby's main industry was leather working. There
was also a cotton textile factory and a glue factory. Ashby was
surrounded by coalmines but was never a coal mining town itself. By
far the largest employer in the town today is
United Biscuits ,
providing about 2,000 jobs at its distribution centre, which stores
its products and transports them nationwide, and its
KP Snacks factory
Smisby Road. Its products include
Hula Hoops , Skips , Nik Naks ,
Space Raiders , and Choc Dips. The firm formerly had a larger presence
in Ashby. McVitie\'s biscuit factory on
Smisby Road closed in 2004
with the loss of 900 jobs.
Other employers in Ashby include
Tesco , Ashfield Commercial ">
The nearest railway station is Burton-on-Trent , 8 miles (13 km)
Leicester , 16 miles (26 km) away. It offers East Midlands
Trains express passenger services to and from London St Pancras .
A511 Ashby bypass
Stoke-on-Trent road and the A453
Nottingham road used to pass through the town centre. The heavy
traffic, which previously travelled through the town, has been greatly
relieved by the A42 and A511 bypasses, which replace the A453 and A50,
Bus routes provide an hourly direct service to
Arriva Midlands 3, 9/9A ">
See also: Category:People from
* John Bainbridge (1582–1643), astronomer and physician, was born
Chris Bart-Williams (born 1974), footballer, lived in Ashby when
he was playing for
Mark Chadbourn (born 1960), author and screenwriter, was born in
Ashby-de-la-Zouch Cottage Hospital and still lives in the area.
Frederick Bailey Deeming (1853–1892), British serial killer and
Jack The Ripper suspect
Anthony Gilby (c. 1510–1585), Puritan sage
* James Green (born 1944), crime and non-fiction author lived in the
area in the 1970s and 1980s.
* Joseph Hall (1574–1656), renowned satirist and bishop, was born
Rosemary Harris (born 1927), actress who played
Aunt May in the
Frank Abney Hastings (1794–1828), British naval officer and
Russell Hoult (born 1972), footballer, was born in Ashby and still
lives locally (at
Lara Jones (1975–2010), children's author, was born in Ashby.
Grant Kirkhope (born 1962), video game music composer and musician
Niall Mackenzie (born 1961), Grand Prix motorcycle racer, is now
retired in Ashby.
* James Martin (1933–2013), an IT consultant and author, was born
Dan Petrescu (born 1967), Romanian footballer and manager, lived
in Ashby when playing for
Sheffield Wednesday F.C.
Dolly Shepherd (1887–1983), notable aviator, made her return to
parachuting from balloons in a display at Ashby, after recovering from
a near-fatal accident.
* Paul Taylor (born 1964),
England cricketer, was born in the town.
Roger Williamson (1948–1973),
Formula One driver, born in
Alastair Yates (living), former presenter on BBC News and BBC
World News , went to Manor House School, Ashby; his farming family
still live in the town.
The Young Knives , band formed in Ashby
* Tim and Chris Stamper (living), brothers who were video game
programmers, known for founding the
APPEARANCE IN FICTION
Adrian Mole , a fictional diarist created by writer
Sue Townsend ,
Leicester and moved to
Ashby-de-la-Zouch during his lifetime.
Pandora Braithwaite later becomes MP for the town.
Townsend was invited to open the new English building at Ashby School
ADJACENT PLACES OF ASHBY-DE-LA-ZOUCH
* ^ "Area selected: North West
District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for
National Statistics . Retrieved 17 July 2011.
* ^ "Town population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for
National Statistics. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
* ^ Scott, W (1907). The Story of Ashby de la Zouch. London and New
York: White Lion Publishers. p. 245.
* ^ http://domesdaymap.co.uk/place/SK3616/ashby-de-la-zouch/ Open
* ^ Watts, Victor; Insley, John; Gelling, Margaret , eds. (2004).
The Cambridge Dictionary of Place Names. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press . p. not cited. ISBN 0-521-36209-1 .
* ^ A B C D E F G H Pevsner, 1960, page 51
* ^ Henry Hastings and the Siege of Ashby
* ^ "Modern photograph of The Bulls Head". Ashby Museum website.
Ashby Museum. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
* ^ "Photograph of 51 Market Street, Ashby de la Zouch". Ashby
Ashby de la Zouch
Ashby de la Zouch Museum. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
* ^ Pevsner, 1960, page 50
Nikolaus Pevsner , Elizabeth Williamson and Geoffrey K.
Leicestershire and Rutland, p. 79, at
* ^ A B C D E Pevsner, 1960, page 54
Nikolaus Pevsner , Elizabeth Williamson and Geoffrey K.
Leicestershire and Rutland, p. 84, at
* ^ Kate Noble The Game and the Governess, p. 420, at
* ^ A B C D KATIE BOWLER (29 November 2012). "Thumbs-up for water
tower housing plan". Burton Mail.
* ^ "Water Tower, Ashby-de-la-Zouch". British Listed Buildings.
Retrieved 25 May 2013.
* ^ "Well loved Ashby landmark gets new lease of life". Fisher
* ^ Annual and Transition Report, Foreign Private Issuer", SEC, 06
April 2005. Quote: "During 2003, we announced a proposal to close our
biscuit factory at
Ashby-de-la-Zouch by the end of 2004 to improve our
factory utilization and enable us to effectively support growth in our
priority brands. We transferred approximately one-third of production
to other sites and completed the first phase of the redundancy
* ^ "Connecting Communities - expanding access to the rail network"
Association of Train Operating Companies . June 2009.
p. 19. Archived from the original (pdf) on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 20
* ^ "Ashby Arts Festival". www.ashbyartsfestival.co.uk. Retrieved
10 July 2016.
* ^ "Notes & Queries: Which British town is furthest from the
sea?". the Guardian. 25 April 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
* Curtis, John (1831). A Topographical History of the County of
Leicester. Ashby-de-la-Zouch: W. Hextall. pp. 4–6.
* Pevsner, Nikolaus (1960).
Leicestershire and Rutland. The
England . Harmondsworth:
Penguin Books . pp. 50–55.
* \'A Little Bit About Ashby de la Zouch\' (includes words of the
Ashby de la Zouch
Ashby de la Zouch by the sea)
Wikimedia Commons has