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ARNOLD FANCK (6 March 1889 – 28 September 1974) was a German film director and pioneer of the mountain film genre. He is best known for the extraordinary alpine footage he captured in such films as _The Holy Mountain _ (1926), _ The White Hell of Pitz Palu _ (1929), _Storm over Mont Blanc _ (1930), _ Der weisse Rausch _ (1931), and _S.O.S. Eisberg _ (1933). Fanck was also instrumental in launching the careers of several filmmakers during the Weimar years in Germany, including Leni Riefenstahl
Leni Riefenstahl
, Luis Trenker , and cinematographers Sepp Allgeier , Richard Angst , Hans Schneeberger , and Walter Riml .

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography * 2 Filmography * 3 Retrospective films * 4 References * 5 External links

BIOGRAPHY

Arnold Fanck was born on 6 March 1889 in Frankenthal , Germany.

Together with Odo Deodatus Tauern, Bernhard Villinger and Rolf Bauer, Fanck established the company "Berg- und Sportfilm GmbH Freiburg" in Freiburg im Breisgau in 1920. Fanck, who held a PhD
PhD
in geology , directed mountain films, sports films and ski films . He was assisted by Sepp Allgeier , a cameraman who later worked with Leni Riefenstahl , and worked mostly in the Alps
Alps
in locations such as the Engadine , Zermatt
Zermatt
and the Arlberg and on mountains such as Mont Blanc and Piz Palü .

His most popular and successful films of the period between the wars include _The Holy Mountain _ (1926), _ The White Hell of Pitz Palu _ (1929), _ Storm over Mont Blanc _ (1930), _ Der weisse Rausch _ (1931), and _ S.O.S. Eisberg _ (1933)—all starring Leni Riefenstahl
Leni Riefenstahl
.

During the National Socialist period, Fanck got in trouble with propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels , since he refused to cooperate — apparently because of the necessity of joining the party. In 1934, he also began working on his film, _Der ewige Traum/Der König vom Mont-Blanc_, which not only starred a French hero in French mountains, but also had a Jewish
Jewish
producer , Gregor Rabinowitsch. This conflict brought Fanck into economic difficulties, from which he was only able to escape by accepting a contract from the Japanese ministry of culture in 1936.

With _ The Daughter of the Samurai _ and other "culture films", Fanck decided to cooperate with the Nazi regime. Soon afterwards, he produced _Ein Robinson_ (1938/39) a propaganda film for Bavaria Filmkunst . Arnold Fanck joined the NSDAP
NSDAP
in April 1940.

In 1944 he made a documentary about the sculptor Arno Breker
Arno Breker
called _ Arno Breker
Arno Breker
– Harte Zeit, starke Kunst_. After World War II
World War II
, Fanck's main films of the National Socialist period were proscribed by the Allied military governments. Fanck received no further job offers and went to work as a lumberjack .

After the screening of his film _Der ewige Traum_ at the mountain film festival in Trento
Trento
in 1957, Fanck was once again recognized for his artistic achievements. In order to survive his economic difficulties, however, he was forced to sell the rights to his films to a friend, until TV broadcasts improved his situation.

Fanck died on 28 September 1974 in Freiburg im Breisgau , Germany, at the age of 85. He is buried in the Hauptfriedhof in Freiburg.

FILMOGRAPHY

* _Das Wunder des Schneeschuhs_ (1920) * _Im Kampf mit dem Berge_ (1921) * _Das Wunder des Schneeschuhs, 2. Teil - Eine Fuchsjagd auf Skiern durchs Engadin_ (1922) * _Pömperlys Kampf mit dem Schneeschuh_ (1922) * _ Mountain of Destiny _ (1924), _Der Berg des Schicksals_ * _Die Weiße Kunst_ (1924, uncredited) * _Das Wolkenphänomen von Maloja_ (1924, short) * _The Holy Mountain _ (1926), _Der heilige Berg_ * _The Great Leap _ (1927), _Der Grosse Sprung_ * _ Struggle for the Matterhorn _ (1928), _Der Kampf ums Matterhorn_, co-wrote * _ The White Stadium _ (1928) * _ Milak, the Greenland Hunter _ (1928) * _ The White Hell of Pitz Palu _ (1929), _Die Weiße Hölle vom Piz Palü_ * _ Storm over Mont Blanc _ (1930), _Stürme über dem Montblanc_ * _The White Ecstasy _ (1931) * _ S.O.S. Eisberg _ (1933) * _ North Pole, Ahoy _ (1934) * _Die Seehunde_ (1934, short) * _Der ewige Traum_ (1934) * _Rêve éternel_ (1935), French release of _Der ewige Traum_ * _ The Daughter of the Samurai _ (1937), _Atarashiki tsuchi_ * _Winterreise durch Südmandschurien_ (1938) * _Kaiserbauten in Fernost_ (1938, short) * _Hänschen Klein_ (1938, short) * _ A German Robinson Crusoe _ (1940) * _Kampf um den Berg_ (1941 short) * _Josef Thorak, Werkstatt und Werk_ (1943, short) * _Atlantik-Wall_ (1944, short)

RETROSPECTIVE FILMS

* _In Eis und Schnee - Der Filmregisseur Arnold Fanck_ (1997) directed by Hans-Jürgen Panitz * _Zwischen weißem Rausch und Abgrund : über Arnold Fanck, den Extremregisseur_ (1998) directed by Andreas Berg

REFERENCES

NOTES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Sadoul, Georges; Morris, Peter (1972). _Dictionary of Film Makers_. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-520-02151-8 . * ^ Inkster 2012, p. 19. * ^ _Dramatische Berge. Der Filmregisseur Dr. Arnold Fanck_, by Gunther Haarstark, Frankfurt/M., Magisterarbeit