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Arnold Fanck (6 March 1889 – 28 September 1974) was a German film director and pioneer of the mountain film genre.[1] He is best known for the extraordinary alpine footage he captured in such films as The Holy Mountain (1926), The White Hell of Pitz Palu
The White Hell of Pitz Palu
(1929), Storm over Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
(1930), Der weisse Rausch
Der weisse Rausch
(1931), and S.O.S. Eisberg (1933). Fanck was also instrumental in launching the careers of several filmmakers during the Weimar years in Germany, including Leni Riefenstahl, Luis Trenker, and cinematographers Sepp Allgeier, Richard Angst, Hans Schneeberger, and Walter Riml.[2]

Contents

1 Biography 2 Filmography 3 Retrospective films 4 References 5 External links

Biography[edit] Arnold Fanck was born on 6 March 1889 in Frankenthal, Germany.[1] Together with Odo Deodatus Tauern, Bernhard Villinger and Rolf Bauer, Fanck established the company "Berg- und Sportfilm GmbH Freiburg" in Freiburg im Breisgau
Freiburg im Breisgau
in 1920. Fanck, who held a PhD
PhD
in geology, directed mountain films, sports films and ski films. He was assisted by Sepp Allgeier, a cameraman who later worked with Leni Riefenstahl, and worked mostly in the Alps
Alps
in locations such as the Engadine, Zermatt
Zermatt
and the Arlberg
Arlberg
and on mountains such as Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
and Piz Palü.[citation needed] His most popular and successful films of the period between the wars include The Holy Mountain (1926), The White Hell of Pitz Palu
The White Hell of Pitz Palu
(1929), Storm over Mont Blanc
Storm over Mont Blanc
(1930), Der weisse Rausch
Der weisse Rausch
(1931), and S.O.S. Eisberg (1933)—all starring Leni Riefenstahl. During the National Socialist period, Fanck got in trouble with propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels, since he refused to cooperate — apparently because of the necessity of joining the party. In 1934, he also began working on his film, Der ewige Traum/Der König vom Mont-Blanc, which not only starred a French hero in French mountains, but also had a Jewish
Jewish
producer, Gregor Rabinowitsch. This conflict brought Fanck into economic difficulties, from which he was only able to escape by accepting a contract from the Japanese ministry of culture in 1936.[citation needed] With The Daughter of the Samurai
The Daughter of the Samurai
and other "culture films", Fanck decided to cooperate with the Nazi regime. Soon afterwards, he produced Ein Robinson (1938/39) a propaganda film for Bavaria Filmkunst. Arnold Fanck joined the NSDAP
NSDAP
in April 1940.[3] In 1944 he made a documentary about the sculptor Arno Breker
Arno Breker
called Arno Breker
Arno Breker
– Harte Zeit, starke Kunst.[4] After World War II, Fanck's main films of the National Socialist period were proscribed by the Allied military governments. Fanck received no further job offers and went to work as a lumberjack. After the screening of his film Der ewige Traum at the mountain film festival in Trento
Trento
in 1957, Fanck was once again recognized for his artistic achievements. In order to survive his economic difficulties, however, he was forced to sell the rights to his films to a friend, until TV broadcasts improved his situation.[citation needed] Fanck died on 28 September 1974 in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany, at the age of 85. He is buried in the Hauptfriedhof in Freiburg.[5] Filmography[edit]

Das Wunder des Schneeschuhs (1920) Im Kampf mit dem Berge (1921) Das Wunder des Schneeschuhs, 2. Teil - Eine Fuchsjagd auf Skiern durchs Engadin
Engadin
(1922) Pömperlys Kampf mit dem Schneeschuh (1922) Mountain of Destiny
Mountain of Destiny
(1924), Der Berg des Schicksals Die Weiße Kunst (1924, uncredited) Das Wolkenphänomen von Maloja (1924, short) The Holy Mountain (1926), Der heilige Berg The Great Leap (1927), Der Grosse Sprung Struggle for the Matterhorn
Struggle for the Matterhorn
(1928), Der Kampf ums Matterhorn, co-wrote The White Stadium (1928) Milak, the Greenland Hunter (1928) The White Hell of Pitz Palu
The White Hell of Pitz Palu
(1929), Die Weiße Hölle vom Piz Palü Storm over Mont Blanc
Storm over Mont Blanc
(1930), Stürme über dem Montblanc The White Ecstasy (1931) S.O.S. Eisberg
S.O.S. Eisberg
(1933) North Pole, Ahoy (1934) Die Seehunde (1934, short) Der ewige Traum (1934) Rêve éternel (1935), French release of Der ewige Traum The Daughter of the Samurai
The Daughter of the Samurai
(1937), Atarashiki tsuchi Winterreise durch Südmandschurien (1938) Kaiserbauten in Fernost (1938, short) Hänschen Klein (1938, short) A German Robinson Crusoe
A German Robinson Crusoe
(1940) Kampf um den Berg (1941 short) Josef Thorak, Werkstatt und Werk (1943, short) Atlantik-Wall (1944, short)[1]

Retrospective films[edit]

In Eis und Schnee - Der Filmregisseur Arnold Fanck (1997) directed by Hans-Jürgen Panitz Zwischen weißem Rausch und Abgrund : über Arnold Fanck, den Extremregisseur (1998) directed by Andreas Berg

References[edit] Notes

^ a b c Sadoul, Georges; Morris, Peter (1972). Dictionary of Film Makers. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-520-02151-8.  ^ Inkster 2012, p. 19. ^ Dramatische Berge. Der Filmregisseur Dr. Arnold Fanck, by Gunther Haarstark, Frankfurt/M., Magisterarbeit, 1990 ^ Aitken, Ian (2013) The Concise Routledge Encyclopedia of the Documentary Film. Routledge ISBN 9781136512063, pg 245 ^ "Arnold Fanck". Find a Grave. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 

Bibliography

Fanck, Arnold; Schneider, Hannes (1925) Wunder des Schneeschuhs; ein System des richtigen Skilaufens und seine Anwendung im alpinen Geländelauf, Hamburg: Gebrüder Enoch. OCLC 10252521; reprint ISBN 9783897709416 Baader, Ernst Wilhelm; Schneeberger, Hans; Allgeier, Sepp; Fanck, Arnold; Arató, Gyula (1926) Wunder des Schneeschuhs [2] Sprunglauf, Langlauf, Hamburg: Gebrüder Enoch Fanck, Arnold (1929) Die bruchlose Deformation von Fossilien durch tektonischen Druck und ihr Einfluss auf die Bestimmung der Arten. Beobachtet und bearbeitet an den Pelecypoden der St. Galler Meeresmolasse. Zürich: Fretz Fanck, Arnold (1932) Das Bilderbuch des Skiläufers. - 284 kinematografische Bilder vom Skilauf mit Erläuterungen und einer Einführung in eine neue Bewegungs-Fotografie. Hamburg: Gebrüder Enoch Fanck, Arnold (1973) Er fuhrte Regie mit Gletschern, Sturmen und Lawinen; ein Filmpionier erzahlt München: Nymphenburger Verlagshandlung ISBN 3-485-01756-6 Haarstark, Gunther (1990) Dramatische Berge. Der Filmregisseur Dr. Arnold Fanck, Frankfurt M., Magisterarbeit Horak, Jan-Christopher with Pichler, Gisela, eds. (1997) Berge, Licht und Traum. Dr. Arnold Fanck und der deutsche Bergfilm München: Bruckmann ISBN 3765430919 Rapp, Christian (1997) Höhenrausch. Der deutsche Bergfilm Wien: Sonderzahl Bock, Hans-Michael and Bergfelder, Tim (eds) (2009) The Concise Cinegraph: Encyclopaedia of German Cinema Berghahn Books ISBN 9781571816559 pg 116 - 117 Fanck, Matthias (2009) Arnold Fanck. Weisse Hölle – weisser Rausch. Bergfilme und Bergbilder 1909 – 1939. AS-Verlag, Zürich ISBN 978-3-909111-66-4 Inkster, Darlene (2012) Film Pioneers: Arnold Fanck pg 18-21 in Directory of World Cinema: Germany edited by Michelle Langford, Intellect Books ISBN 9781841504650 Haque, Kamaal (2012) Genre of the Mountain Film in A New History of German Cinema edited by Jennifer M. Kapczynski, Michael David Richardson; Boydell & Brewe ISBN 9781571135957 pp 142–147

External links[edit]

Photo Gallery Arnold Fanck, the master of mountain films at the Wayback Machine (archived September 24, 2008) Article series by Derek Hawthorne The case of Arnold Fanck by Béla Balázs Article by Thomas Staedeli Film's Role in Popularizing Alpine Skiing in America by Rick Moulton The Artistic Films of Arnold Fanck, the Apostle of Skiing and High-Mountain Climbing by Donald G. Daviau Arnold Fanck biography, filmography and photos at filmportal.de Arnold Fanck at MUBI Arnold Fanck on IMDb Der weisse Rausch. Actor Walter Riml as the tall Hamburger carpenter

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Films directed by Arnold Fanck

Mountain of Destiny
Mountain of Destiny
(1924) Die Weiße Kunst (1924) The Holy Mountain (1926) The Great Leap (1927) Struggle for the Matterhorn
Struggle for the Matterhorn
(1928) The White Stadium (1928) The White Hell of Pitz Palu
The White Hell of Pitz Palu
(1929) Storm over Mont Blanc
Storm over Mont Blanc
(1930) The White Ecstasy (1931) S.O.S. Eisberg
S.O.S. Eisberg
(1933) The Eternal Dream (1934) Rêve éternel (1935) The Daughter of the Samurai
The Daughter of the Samurai
(1937) A German Robinson Crusoe
A German Robinson Crusoe
(1940)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 54942603 LCCN: nr97034536 ISNI: 0000 0001 0781 7265 GND: 118686038 SUDOC: 088058905 BNF: cb13770581f

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