Armour Square, Chicago
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Armour Square is a
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = Country , subd ...

Chicago
neighborhood on the city's South Side, as well as a larger, officially defined
community area The city of Chicago is divided into 77 community areas for statistical and planning purposes. United States Census, Census data and other statistics are tied to the areas, which serve as the basis for a variety of urban planning initiatives on bot ...

community area
which also includes
Chinatown A Chinatown () is an ethnic enclave of Chinese people located outside mainland China Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, China mainland, or the Mainland Area of the Republic of China is the geopolitics, geopolitical area ...
and the Chicago Housing Authority, CHA Wentworth Gardens housing project. Armour Square is bordered by Bridgeport, Chicago, Bridgeport to the west and Bronzeville, Chicago, Bronzeville to the east, with Lower West Side, Chicago, Pilsen and the Near South Side, Chicago, near South Side bordering the area to the north and Fuller Park, Chicago, Fuller Park bordering its southernmost boundary along Pershing Road.


Armour Square neighborhood

Bounded by 18th Street to the north, Pershing Road to the south, the Union Pacific railroad tracks on the west and the Dan Ryan Expressway to the east, Armour Square has historically been a predominantly Definitions of whiteness in the United States, white, working class, working-class neighborhood with a particularly significant population of both Italian American, Italian-Americans and Croatian American, Croatian-Americans. With its location being immediately south of Chinatown, today the neighborhood also has a large Asian population as well. Armour Square's most recognizable landmarks are the historic Armour Square Park and nearby Guaranteed Rate Field, which sits at the southeast corner of W.35th and Shields Avenue, on the neighborhood's southernmost end. Guaranteed Rate is home to the Major League Baseball franchise, the Chicago White Sox. There are three Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago, Catholic parishes in Armour Square: Santa Lucia, St. Therese Catholic Community at 218 W. Alexander St., and St. Jerome Croatian Catholic Church. The southernmost census tract in the area (3406) is 99% black or African American. Historical images of Armour Square can be found i
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Chicago White Sox

In 1900, Charles Comiskey moved his St. Paul Saints to Chicago, where they became the team now known as the Chicago White Sox. They began play at the South Side Park on 39th Street in Armour Square, and have remained in the neighborhood ever since. No other major professional sports franchise has played in the same neighborhood longer than the White Sox. In 1910, Comiskey Park opened just 4 blocks north of South Side Park on a site that was formerly a junkyard. The Park remained the home of the Sox until 1990, when it was the oldest park in Major League Baseball. The new Comiskey Park, currently known as Guaranteed Rate Field, opened in 1991 across 35th Street from the old ballpark. Comiskey Park was then demolished in 1991 and converted into a parking lot. A plaque (sign), plaque embedded in the asphalt marks the spot where home plate was on the original field.


Chinatown

Chinatown is in the near South Side (located in the Armour Square community area), centered on and around Cermak and Wentworth Avenues, and is an example of an American Chinatown, or ethnic-Chinese neighborhood. It is not to be confused with an area sometimes called "West Argyle Street Historic District, New Chinatown", which is on the North Side around Argyle Street, and which has a larger number of Southeast Asians.


Politics

The Armour Square community area has supported the Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party in the past two presidential elections. In the United States presidential election in Illinois, 2016, 2016 presidential election, Armour Square cast 2,892 votes for Hillary Clinton and cast 761 votes for Donald Trump (76.67% to 20.17%). In the United States presidential election in Illinois, 2012, 2012 presidential election, Armour Square cast 2,581 votes for Barack Obama and cast 575 votes for Mitt Romney (81.01% to 18.05%).


Mass transit stations

Armour Square is served by the Dan Ryan branch of the Chicago Transit Authority's Red Line (Chicago Transit Authority), Red Line, with stops at Cermak–Chinatown station, Cermak-Chinatown and Sox–35th station, Sox-35th. It is also served by Metra on the Rock Island District, Rock Island Line via the 35th Street station.


Education

Chicago Public Schools serves residents of the community area. K-8 schools serving Armour Square include Haines and J. Ward. Residents are zoned to Phillips Academy High School.West/Central/South High Schools
." ''Chicago Public Schools''. Retrieved on April 7, 2009.


External links


Official City of Chicago Armour Square Community Map


References

{{Geographic Location , Center = Armour Square, Chicago , East = Douglas, Chicago , South = Fuller Park, Chicago , West = Bridgeport, Chicago , Northwest = Lower West Side, Chicago , Northeast = Near South Side, Chicago , Southeast = Grand Boulevard, Chicago , Southwest = New City, Chicago Community areas of Chicago South Side, Chicago Neighborhoods in Chicago Italian-American culture in Chicago Little Italys in the United States