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Arjuna
Arjuna
(in Devanagari: अर्जुन arjuna) is the main central character of the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata
Mahabharata
and plays a key role in the Bhagavad Gita
Bhagavad Gita
alongside Krishna. Arjuna
Arjuna
was the son of Indra, the king of the celestials, born of Kunti, the first wife of King Pandu
Pandu
in the Kuru Kingdom. In a previous birth he was a saint named Nara who was the lifelong companion of another saint Narayana
Narayana
an incarnation of Lord Vishnu
Lord Vishnu
who took rebirth as Lord Krishna. He was the third of the Pandava
Pandava
brothers and was married to Draupadi, Ulupi, Chitrangada and Subhadra
Subhadra
(Krishna's and Balarama's sister) at different times. His children included Srutakarma, Iravan, Babruvahana, and Abhimanyu. Arjuna
Arjuna
was considered to be the best archer of the Indian epic Mahabharat accepted by Mahedeva himself.[1]

Contents

1 Etymology and other names 2 Birth and youth 3 Tutelage under Drona 4 Marriage to Draupadi 5 Love of Lord Krishna
Krishna
for Arjuna 6 Burning of Khandava Vana

6.1 Saving Mayasura

7 Arjuna's Tirtha-yatra and Indraprastha

7.1 Chitrangadaa at Manipura 7.2 Reaching Dwarka
Dwarka
and Subhadra

8 Conquest for Rajasuya 9 Exile

9.1 Penance for Pashupatastra 9.2 Nivata-kavachas and Hiranyapura 9.3 At Virata's Kingdom

10 Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra
War

10.1 Bhagavad Gita 10.2 Battles fought at Kurukshetra

11 Conquest for Ashvamedha 12 Chaubis Avtar 13 Death 14 In popular culture 15 Modern references 16 In modern television 17 Notes 18 Bibliography

Etymology and other names The name Arjuna
Arjuna
has among its meanings "white"/"clear" and "silver".[2] Cognates of "Arjuna" are Latin "regens" meaning "ruler", Hindi "raj" meaning "king", and English "regal".[citation needed] .[3]

Phalguna (फाल्गुन) - one born under the star named 'Uttara Phalguni'. Jishnu (जिष्णु) - triumphant. Kiritin (किरीटिन्) - one who wears the celestial diadem, Kiriti, presented by Indra. Shwetavahana (श्वेतवाहन) - one with white horses mounted to his chariot. Bibhatsu (बीभत्सु) - one who always fights wars in a fair manner. Vijaya (विजय) - always wins on war. Partha (पार्थ) - son of Pritha, another name for Kunti. Savyasachin (सव्यसाचिन्) - ambidextrous Dhananjaya (धनञ्जय) - one who brings prosperity and wealth in the land where he goes to. Gudakesha (गुडाकेश) - someone who have control over sleeps Kapidhwaja (कपिध्वज) - having flag of Kapi (monkey) in his chariot (Arjuna's flag displayed an image of Hanuman
Hanuman
from a previous encounter). Parantapa (परन्तप) - one who concentrates the most, destroyer of enemies from his concentration. Gandivadhanvan (गाण्डीवधन्वन्) - one who possessed the mighty bow named 'Gandiva' which was created by Lord Brahma. Gandivadhara (गाण्डीवधर) - Gandiva
Gandiva
holder Madhyapandava (मध्यपाण्डव) - the third of Pandavas, younger to Yudhisthira
Yudhisthira
and Bhima
Bhima
and elder to Nakula
Nakula
and Sahadeva.

Birth and youth

Indra
Indra
bestows a favor on Kunti

Arjuna's birth is most celebrated one and he was born 9 months after the birth of krishna. A prophesy is said about his birth and so many gods attended to see him. [4] After the death of Pandu
Pandu
(and Madri's subsequent sati), the Pandavas and their mother lived in Hastinapura, where they were brought up together with their cousins, the Kaurava
Kaurava
brothers. Along with his brothers, Arjuna
Arjuna
was trained in religion, science, administration and military arts by Bhishma, their granduncle.[5] One day, when the princes were playing a game, they lost their ball in a well. When the rest of the children gave up the ball as being lost, Arjuna
Arjuna
stayed behind trying to get it. A stranger came by and extracted the ball for him by making a chain of "sarkanda" (a wild grass). When an astonished Arjuna
Arjuna
related the story to Bhishma, Bhishma
Bhishma
realised that the stranger was none other than Drona. Bhishma asked Drona
Drona
to become the Kuru princes' teacher. Seeking refuge from Panchala, Drona
Drona
agreed.[6] Many asuras were killed by him. Tutelage under Drona Under Drona's tutelage, the Kauravas
Kauravas
and the Pandavas, along with the princes of Hastinapura's allies and vassals, learned weaponry. Arjuna became Drona's favorite and most accomplished pupil; specifically, he became a master in using the bow and the arrow. In a famous incident, Drona
Drona
deemed that out of all his students, even his own son Ashwatthama, none but Arjuna
Arjuna
had the steadfast focus to shoot the eye of a bird on a tree; he was proven right.[7] Marriage to Draupadi

the Swayamvara
Swayamvara
of Panchala's princess, Draupadi

Pandavas
Pandavas
secretly went from Varnavrat after saving themselves from evil plan of Duryodhana, Shakuni
Shakuni
and Karna.[8] Still in hiding, the Pandavas
Pandavas
disguise themselves as brahmins and attend the Swayamvara
Swayamvara
of Panchala
Panchala
princess Draupadi. Out of all of the great kings and other Kaurava
Kaurava
princes, only Arjuna
Arjuna
are able to do the established challenge. The test is to lift, string, and fire Pinakin to pierce the eye of a golden fish whilst only looking at its reflection; Drupada
Drupada
had designed this test with Arjuna
Arjuna
in mind. All Kings including Karna
Karna
and Shalya
Shalya
failed to string the bow and got defeated in task.[9]At last Arjuna
Arjuna
came forward and lifted bow with just one hand and hit the target hence he won Draupadi.[10] Later Karna
Karna
attacked Arjuna
Arjuna
on jealousy but Arjuna
Arjuna
easily defeated him then Karna
Karna
asked about his real identity, Arjuna
Arjuna
smiled and said that he is brahmin then Karna
Karna
praised him by comparing him with Lord Vishnu. Arjuna
Arjuna
threatened to kill Karna
Karna
which made Karna
Karna
flee from battlefield. When the brothers returned with Draupadi, Pandavas
Pandavas
joked to his mother that they had brought alms. Dismissively, and without looking because she was preoccupied, Kunti
Kunti
asks him to share it with his brothers. Holding his mother's orders as a divine command, he requested his elder brother to accept Draupadi. Draupadi
Draupadi
had to marry all five of the Pandavas. Her five sons, one from each of the Pandava
Pandava
brothers, are known as the Upapandavas.[citation needed] Srutakarma
Srutakarma
is the son of Arjuna. At this point in the Mahabharata, the Pandavas
Pandavas
revealed that they were alive. With both Duryodhana
Duryodhana
and Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
being crown princes, tensions are high. Under Bhishma's advice, the kingdom is split, with the Kauravas
Kauravas
getting Hastinapur
Hastinapur
and the Pandavas
Pandavas
getting Khandavaprastha. Khandavaprastha, however, was an extremely underdeveloped land and had infertile soil, requiring extensive tilling, so the Pandavas
Pandavas
set to work rebuilding the land by burning thousand acre of forest. Their cousins Krishna
Krishna
and Balarama
Balarama
gave them aid.[citation needed] Love of Lord Krishna
Krishna
for Arjuna The friendship bond of Lord Krishna
Krishna
and Arjuna
Arjuna
is the most celebrated bond in Hindu
Hindu
mythology followed by the bond of Lord Rama
Rama
and Lord Hanumana. According to Mahabharata, Arjuna
Arjuna
was the incarnation of Lord Nara who was the best friend of Lord Vishnu
Lord Vishnu
and along with Nara, Lord Vishnu
Vishnu
defeated all the demons after the churning of Ocean ( Samudra Manthan ). According to Lord Shiva, Nara and Lord Vishnu
Lord Vishnu
holds the whole universe and incarnates in every Yuga to end the evil and establish righteousness. The love of Lord Krishna
Krishna
for Arjuna
Arjuna
is evident from Adi Parva
Adi Parva
where after the fight in Khandava forest instead of asking any weapon or power Lord Krishna
Krishna
asked Indra
Indra
that his friendship with Arjuna
Arjuna
will remain forever when the latter asked Lord Krishna
Krishna
to ask for a boon. Lord Krishna
Krishna
also described his love for Arjuna
Arjuna
in Vana Parva
Vana Parva
by saying that whoever will hate Arjuna
Arjuna
will hate Lord Krishna
Krishna
and whoever will follow Arjuna
Arjuna
will follow Lord Krishna. He even said that nobody in the whole world is dearer to him than Arjuna
Arjuna
and he can sacrifice anything including his sons, wives and citizens just for the sake of Arjuna. During his final conversation with his father Vasudeva he told him that he wants Arjuna to perform his last rights and also said that Lord Krishna
Krishna
is Arjuna and Arjuna
Arjuna
is Lord Krishna. Such was the greatness of Arjuna
Arjuna
that the supreme god Lord Krishna
Krishna
was ready to sacrifice anything for him.[11] Burning of Khandava Vana

The story, this was the first time Arjuna
Arjuna
meets Krishna. In any case, Khandavaprastha
Khandavaprastha
was where Arjuna
Arjuna
and Krishna's friendship is truly forged. Once when roaming in the Khandava Vana, Arjuna
Arjuna
and Krishna
Krishna
met the god of fire, Agni. Agni
Agni
was in great hunger and needed to burn down the entire Khandava Vana to quench his hunger. But Takshaka, the serpent-king lived in the same forest and was a friend of Indra's. So the latter brought down heavy rains to thwart Agni's plans to burn the woods. Agni
Agni
requested Krishna
Krishna
and Arjuna
Arjuna
to help him realise his goal.[12]

Arjuna
Arjuna
asked Agni
Agni
for Gandiva
Gandiva
as normal bows were not capable to bear the strength of his arms. The three of them then invoked Varuna, the God
God
of the oceans, who blessed Arjuna
Arjuna
with the Gandiva
Gandiva
– the agni-moon bow created by Brahma. In this way, Arjuna
Arjuna
came into possession of his famous bow. Agni
Agni
also gave Arjuna
Arjuna
an incandescent chariot with four horses yoked, and bearing a flag that would one-day be occupied by celestial apes of Vishwkarma. Arjuna
Arjuna
also obtained his famous conch.[citation needed] With Krishna
Krishna
using the Sudarshana Chakra[13] Arjuna
Arjuna
and Krishna
Krishna
waged a successful battle against Indra
Indra
and helped Agni
Agni
burn down the entire Khandava Vana.Indra's pride in Arjuna's success overcame his anger, and he bestowed greater powers on him. At last all gods, demons and snakes got defeated by Arjuna
Arjuna
at this Khandava war. Saving Mayasura

Sri Krishna
Krishna
tells Mayasura
Mayasura
to build a palace.

In their demolition of Khandava, Krishna
Krishna
and Arjuna
Arjuna
had saved one demon, Mayasura
Mayasura
to build their palace.[12] Thus owing Arjuna
Arjuna
a favor, and after being so directed by Krishna, Mayasura
Mayasura
said that he would build a palace for Yudhishtra. As Mayasura
Mayasura
was a great architect of the Asuras, he soon constructed the Maya assembly hall – a gigantic palace for the Pandavas, filled with ancient books, artifacts, and jewels. This hall was famous for visual illusions. Thus, Khandavaprastha
Khandavaprastha
was renamed Indraprastha.[14] Arjuna's Tirtha-yatra and Indraprastha

Arjuna
Arjuna
enters Dharma's Boudoir

Arjuna
Arjuna
violated Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
and Draupadi's privacy while they were playing the game of dice, as he had left the Gandiva
Gandiva
in their room. Despite the understanding of all and being forgiven by both Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
and Draupadi, Arjuna
Arjuna
accepted the punishment agreed with Narada and set off on a twelve-year tirtha-yatra. According to Narada, Arjuna
Arjuna
must retire to forest and pass his days as Brahmacharin so Arjuna
Arjuna
retired to forest for 12 years. Chitrangadaa at Manipura Arjuna
Arjuna
visited other Tirthas in India, including Kalinga and the ashrams of the Saptarishis, Agastya, Vasishta
Vasishta
and Bhrigu. Finally he reached the palace of Manipur. Here he met King Chitravahana's daughter, Chitrangadaa. After seeing the beauty of Chitrangadaa, Arjuna
Arjuna
fall in love with her hence he asked that the king let them marry. The king accepted Arjuna's proposal because Arjuna
Arjuna
was extermely handsome, intelligent and attractive. Reaching Dwarka
Dwarka
and Subhadra

Arjuna
Arjuna
and Subhadra, Painting by Raja Ravi Varma.

Arjuna
Arjuna
moved to other Tirthas, including the southern regions in Kerala. Finally he reached Dwarka, the place where his cousin Krishna resided. Arjuna
Arjuna
had, in his childhood, heard about Krishna's sister, Subhadra. Krishna, wishing to further tie their families, knew of Arjuna's visit and devised a plan to arrange their meeting. Accordingly, Arjuna
Arjuna
disguised himself as a Yati
Yati
and stayed at Krishna's palace. Arjuna
Arjuna
was attracted to Subhadra
Subhadra
and desired to marry her, Krishna
Krishna
understood Arjuna's intension and advised him to kidnap Subhadra
Subhadra
then Arjuna
Arjuna
kidnapped Subhadra
Subhadra
and married with her. After this Balarama
Balarama
became furious upon learning of the abduction but was pacified by Vasudeva, his father, because Lord Krishna
Krishna
knew that whole Dwarka
Dwarka
warriors can not defeat Arjuna
Arjuna
alone as Arjun
Arjun
was invicible and undefeatable in battle.[15] The couple stayed in Dwaraka for a year, and then another year in Pushkar. However, Draupadi
Draupadi
had made it clear that no other Pandava
Pandava
wife would be allowed to stay in her city, so Arjuna, as Krishna
Krishna
had advised, tricked Draupadi
Draupadi
into meeting Subhadra
Subhadra
as a milkmaid. Draupadi
Draupadi
realized she had been tricked, but she forgave Subhadra
Subhadra
and let her stay in Indraprastha, allowing her to keep company with Arjuna
Arjuna
in the four years when he was not with Draupadi. In due course, the union of Arjuna
Arjuna
and Subhadra produced a son, Abhimanyu.[16][17] Conquest for Rajasuya

Arjuna
Arjuna
on his way to the Rajasuya
Rajasuya
Yaga

Possible route taken by Arjuna
Arjuna
for the Rajasuya
Rajasuya
sacrifice.

Arjuna
Arjuna
was sent south by Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
to subjugate kingdoms for the Rajasuya
Rajasuya
Yagya, so that he could be crowned Emperor
Emperor
of Indraprastha. The Mahabharata
Mahabharata
mentions several kingdoms to the north of Indraprastha which were conquered (or otherwise peacefully bent-the-knee) by Arjuna.[18] In this conquest Arjuna
Arjuna
had conquered Northern kurus which was the territory of Lord Indra,[19] It was really the difficult feats for any warrior but Arjuna
Arjuna
easily achieved many feats in Rajasuya conquest. Exile After Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
succumbed to Shakuni's challenge in the game of dice, the Pandavas
Pandavas
were forced to be in exile for 13 years, which included one year in anonymity. Penance for Pashupatastra

From the epic poem Kiratarjuniya: Arjuna
Arjuna
recognizes Shiva and surrenders to him. Painting by Raja Ravi Varma, 19th century.

After the battle at Khandava Indra
Indra
had promised Arjuna
Arjuna
to give him all his weapons as a boon for matching him in battle with the requirement that Shiva is pleased with him. Following the advice of Yudhistira to go on a meditation or "tapasya" to attain this divine weapon, Arjuna left his brothers for a penance. Arjuna
Arjuna
traveled for a while before reaching the mountain Indra keeladri, Vijayawada. Here he sat in meditation in the name of Lord Shiva. Arjuna
Arjuna
managed to please Lord Shiva by his severe penance in just months because his penance generated so much intense heat that was unbearable to all living creatures of earth which ultimately forced Lord Shiva to come to earth.[20] Shiva appeared soon enough in the guise of a hunter, who challenged Arjuna
Arjuna
to a fight. In that fierce battle even 8 forms of Lord Shiva failed to defeat Arjuna,[21] At last Arjuna
Arjuna
gratified Mahadeva in battle by showing his prowess then Hunter(Shiva) transformed himself to show his real avatar and blessed Arjuna
Arjuna
with the Pashupatastra. Shiva lectures Arjuna
Arjuna
on the abilities of the weapon, as well as the judgement he must use while wielding it. It is said that, apart from Lord Shiva and Arjuna
Arjuna
no one possessed Pasupata weapon which was capable to destroy whole world.[22] After Shiva left, the Lokapalas
Lokapalas
appeared before Arjuna
Arjuna
and then Kubera, Yama, and Varuna
Varuna
also blessed each of their potent weapons to Arjuna. Indra
Indra
then invited his son to his palace in heaven. Arjuna
Arjuna
was amazed at the splendor of his father's palace at Amaravati. Dancers like Urvashi, Tilottama, Rambha and Menaka
Menaka
entertained him. There was a huge banquet serving different varieties of heavenly dishes. Arjuna
Arjuna
learnt song and dance from the Gandharva, Chitrasena and Indra
Indra
himself taught him all the divine weapons and also gave him his Vajra.[23] Nivata-kavachas and Hiranyapura Arjuna
Arjuna
got the opportunity to test his skill when Indra
Indra
asked him to defeat his enemy as the price of his training. Arjuna
Arjuna
was taken to the palace of the Nivata-kavachas, a tribe of Asuras
Asuras
who had a magnificent palace under the oceans. Arjuna
Arjuna
used the Mohini-astra and the Madhava-astra to demolish these asuras. He was also taken to Hiranyapura, a palace in the sky created by a witch Puloma and his asura tribe of the Kalakanjas. Here Arjuna
Arjuna
uses the Raudra-astra and annihilates the demons.[24] At Virata's Kingdom

Brihannala
Brihannala
Eunuch
Eunuch
at Virata's Kingdom

Main article: Brihannala Along with his brothers, Arjuna
Arjuna
spent his last year of exile in the kingdom of Matsya. This is the place where Urvashi's curse is implemented and Arjuna
Arjuna
becomes a eunuch called Brihannala
Brihannala
(within themselves Pandavas
Pandavas
called him Vijaya).[25] At the palace, he teaches song and dance, qualities he had learnt from Chitrasena [King of the Gandharvas in Devalok], to the King Virata's daughter, Uttarā. Later, Arjuna
Arjuna
arranges for Uttara to become his daughter-in-law by marrying his son Abhimanyu
Abhimanyu
to her. At the same time, he prevents Subhadra
Subhadra
from marrying Abhimanyu
Abhimanyu
to Balarama's daughter Vatsala, as the Kurus find marriages between cousins taboo. But Arjuna
Arjuna
and Subhadra
Subhadra
are cousins too since Kunti
Kunti
(Arjun's Mother) and Vasudeva (Subhadra's father) are brother and sister. Hearing about the death of Kichaka, Duryodhana
Duryodhana
surmises that the Pandavas
Pandavas
were hiding in Matsya. A host of Kaurava
Kaurava
warriors attack Virata, presumably to steal their cattle, but in reality, desiring to pierce the Pandavas' veil of anonymity. Full of bravado, Virata's son Uttar attempts to take on the army by himself while the rest of the Matsya army has been lured away to fight Susharma and the Trigartas. As suggested by Draupadi, Uttar takes Brihannala
Brihannala
with him, as his charioteer. When he sees the Kaurava
Kaurava
army, Uttar loses his nerve and attempts to flee. There, Arjuna
Arjuna
reveals his identity and those of his brothers'. Switching places with Uttar, Arjuna
Arjuna
takes up the Gandiva and Devadatta. Eager to defend the land that had given him refuge, Arjuna
Arjuna
engaged the legion of Kaurava
Kaurava
warriors. All the warriors including Bhisma, Drona, Karna, Kripa
Kripa
and Ashwthama together attacked Arjuna
Arjuna
to kill him but Arjuna
Arjuna
defeated all of them multiple times.[26] During the battle Arjuna
Arjuna
also killed Sangramjit the foster brother of Karna
Karna
and instead of taking the revenge of his brother, Karna
Karna
took heroice flight in order to save his life from Arjuna.[27] Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra
War Bhagavad Gita

Arjuna
Arjuna
and Lord Krishna, with Krishna
Krishna
as the sarathi or charioteer

Main article: Bhagavad Gita As the battle draws close, Arjuna
Arjuna
is overcome with self-doubt about the righteousness of the war against his own kith and kin. He is distraught at the thought of having to fight with his friends and family such as his dear teacher, Drona
Drona
and grandsire Bhishma. It was then that Krishna
Krishna
took charge and explained the necessity and inevitability of the war to Arjuna. This conversation is a key part of the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
known as Bhagavad gita, and is considered as a holy scripture of Hinduism. Arjuna
Arjuna
plays the role of the reader in the Bhagavad Gita. As Krishna dispenses the advice, Arjuna
Arjuna
asks the questions.The Bhagavad Gita primarily takes the form of philosophical dialogue between Prince Arjuna
Arjuna
and Krishna. Battles fought at Kurukshetra

Defeat of Jayadratha

Arjuna
Arjuna
was a key Pandava
Pandava
warrior and played a huge role in the Pandava victory in the Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra
war. His flag bore the symbol of Hanuman.[citation needed] Some of the crucial battles fought by Arjuna
Arjuna
are as follows:

Fall of Bhishma: According to original Mahabharat Arjuna
Arjuna
fairly killed Bhisma on 10th day of kuru war, Shikhandi
Shikhandi
does not have any role in the matter, though as per one narrative it is Shikhandi
Shikhandi
who killed Bhisma. Death of Bhagadatta: On the 12th day of the war, Arjuna
Arjuna
killed Bhagadatta. Killing of the Trigartas: On 17th day of war, Arjuna
Arjuna
killed all the Trigartas. Death of Jayadratha: Arjuna
Arjuna
held Jayadratha
Jayadratha
responsible for Abhimanyu's death on the 13th day of the war. He vowed to kill him the very next day before sunset, failing which he would kill himself by jumping in a pyre.The Kauravas
Kauravas
hid Jayadratha
Jayadratha
from Arjuna
Arjuna
in a formation, knowing that Arjuna's death would result in a Kaurava victory. Finally Arjuna
Arjuna
defeated all protector of Jaydratha including Karna
Karna
and Ashwthama and beheaded Jayadratha
Jayadratha
and made his arrows to carry away Jayadratha's head.[28] This was because Jayadratha
Jayadratha
had a boon from his father that whoever would be responsible for his head falling to the ground would have his own head blown up. That is why Arjuna
Arjuna
carried the severed head of Jayadratha
Jayadratha
to his father, who was awoken from his meditation by the sudden landing of a severed head on his body and since he ended up dropping it to the ground, he had his head blown up.

[29]

Arjuna
Arjuna
Slays Karna, page from a copy of the Razmnama, Mughal period

Death of Karna: The battle between the two continued fiercely. Finally Arjuna
Arjuna
killed Karna.

Conquest for Ashvamedha After the conclusion of the war, the Pandavas
Pandavas
take charge of Hastinapura, the undivided realm of their ancestors. Yudhishira appointed Arjuna
Arjuna
as the Yuvaraj of Hastinapura.[30] Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
decided to hold the Ashvamedha
Ashvamedha
Yagna, or "horse sacrifice", to grant them the title of Chakravarti ("Emperor"). Arjuna led the armed forces which followed the horse around its random wanderings. He received the submission of many kings, either without or following an armed confrontation. He was thus instrumental in the expansion of the Pandava
Pandava
domains. Arjuna
Arjuna
was the only warrior who alone conquered whole word in Mahabharat, Apart from Arjuna
Arjuna
no one warrior ever achieved this feats. Arjuna
Arjuna
built the Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple
Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple
during his conquest in South India. Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple
Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple
is one of the "Divya Desams", the 108 temples of Vishnu
Vishnu
revered by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars[31] located near Aranmula, a village in Pathanamthitta District, Kerala, South India. Chaubis Avtar Arjuna
Arjuna
is considered as 22th avtar of Lord Vishnu
Lord Vishnu
in chaubis avtar, a composition in Dasam Granth traditionally and historically attributed to Guru Gobind Singh.[32] Death

Arjuna
Arjuna
throws his weapons in water as advised by Agni

After Sri Krishna
Krishna
left his mortal body, Arjuna
Arjuna
took the citizens of Dwaraka, including 16,100 wives of Krishna, to Indraprastha. On the way, they were attacked by a group of bandits. Arjuna
Arjuna
desisted fighting seeing the law of time. Upon the onset of the Kali yuga
Kali yuga
and acting on the advice of Vyasa, Arjuna
Arjuna
and other Pandavas
Pandavas
retired, leaving the throne to their only descendant to survive the war of Kurukshetra, Arjuna's grandson Parikshit. Giving up all their belongings and ties, the Pandavas, accompanied by a dog, made their final journey of pilgrimage to the Himalayas. It is also to be noted that the listener of the Mahabharata is Janamejaya, Parikshit's son.[33] Except for Yudhishthira, all of the Pandavas
Pandavas
grew weak and died before reaching heaven (only Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
is allowed to keep his mortal body). Arjuna
Arjuna
was the fourth one to fall after Draupadi, Sahadeva
Sahadeva
and Nakula. When Bhima
Bhima
asks Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
why Arjuna
Arjuna
isn't permitted the same, the reason given is Arjuna's over confidence in his skills. Draupadi
Draupadi
also falls because while she claimed to love all the Pandavas equally, she had a soft spot for Arjuna
Arjuna
.[34] In popular culture Arjuna
Arjuna
is a popular choice of name for a Hindu
Hindu
male child in the Indian subcontinent. As told in the verses in Harivamsha
Harivamsha
or Harivamsha Purana, the name Arjuna
Arjuna
is cursed by the sage Parashurama. After the defeat of the mighty and evil king Kartavirya Arjuna
Kartavirya Arjuna
or otherwise called Sahasra Arjuna, Sage Parashurama
Parashurama
pronounced the curse that whoever holds the name Arjuna
Arjuna
will never become a king and always be a servant of others.[35] Modern references

Arjuna
Arjuna
Wijaya monument in Jakarta, Indonesia

Arjuna's extraordinary talents and skills have made him a common name in popular culture.

The American astronomer Tom Gehrels
Tom Gehrels
named a class of asteroids with low inclination, low eccentricity and earth-like orbital period as Arjuna
Arjuna
asteroids.[36][37][38] The Arjuna Award
Arjuna Award
is presented every year in India
India
to one talented sportsman in every national sport. Arjun
Arjun
is a third generation main battle tank developed for the Indian Army. Mayilpeeli Thookkam
Mayilpeeli Thookkam
is a ritual art of dance performed in the temples of Kerala. It is also known as Arjuna
Arjuna
Nrithyam (lit. Arjuna's dance) as a tribute to his dancing abilities.

There have been a serial and a film based on Arjuna's life and exploits.

Earth Maiden Arjuna
Earth Maiden Arjuna
is a Japanese animated television series created by Shoji Kawamori. This series is based on Arjuna
Arjuna
and the Mahabharata. Arjuna: Into the Another World is the soundtrack produced for the series. Arjun: The Warrior Prince is a 2012 mythological action film narrating the events in Arjuna's life. "Arjuna" is a character in Orson Scott Card's "Earth Afire" and "Earth Awakens" made in 2013 and 2014 respectively.

Additionally, the protagonist in Steven Pressfield's book The Legend of Bagger Vance, Rannulph Junuh, is based in part on Arjuna
Arjuna
(R. Junuh).[39] Arjuna
Arjuna
is also an Archer class Servant in the mobile game Fate/Grand Order. He is a minor antagonist in the E Pluribus Unum story chapter, where he wishes to fight Karna
Karna
again.

In modern television

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In B.R.Chopra's Mahabharat, Arjuna's role is played by Arjun
Arjun
(Firoz Khan). In 2013 Mahabharat television series, Arjuna
Arjuna
is portrayed by Shaheer Sheikh. Mani Ratnam's 1991 blockbuster Thalapathi
Thalapathi
was loosely based on the Mahabharata. In the film, Arvind Swamy's character was loosely based on Arjuna. In Dharmakshetra 2014, actor Ankit Arora portrayed Arjuna. In 2015 Sony TV serial Suryaputra Karn, actor Navi bhangu played the role of Arjuna. In Nagarjuna
Nagarjuna
2015 serial, Rahul Sharma (actor) played Arjuna. Notes

^ [www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m03/m03040.htm "Mahadeva praising Arjuna"] Check url= value (help).  ^ Monier-Williams, Monier (1899). A Sanskrit-English dictionary : etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages. Oxford: Clarendon Press.  ^ [www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m04/m04044.htm "All names of Arjuna"] Check url= value (help).  ^ "Describes Arjuna
Arjuna
birth".  ^ Johnson, W. J (2009). "A Dictionary of Hinduism". Oxford Reference. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780198610250.001.0001. (Subscription required (help)).  (subscription or UK public library membership required) ^ Leeming, W. J (2009). "The Oxford Companion to World Mythology". Oxford Reference. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780195156690.001.0001. (Subscription required (help)).  (subscription or UK public library membership required) ^ Parmeshwaranand, Swami (2001). Encyclopaedic dictionary of Purāṇas (1st ed.). New Delhi: Sarup & Sons. pp. 512–513. ISBN 9788176252263.  ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 1: Adi Parva: Jatugriha Parva: Section CLII". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ [www.sacred-texts.com/hin/mbs/mbs01179.htm "Failure of Karna
Karna
in Draupadi
Draupadi
syamwara"] Check url= value (help).  ^ "The Mahabharata
Mahabharata
in Sanskrit: Book 1: Chapter 179". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ [www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m03/m03012.htm "Love of Lord Krishna
Krishna
for Arjuna"] Check url= value (help).  ^ a b Mahabharata
Mahabharata
of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa. Teddington, Middlesex: The Echo Library. 2008. pp. 518–520. ISBN 9781406870459.  ^ Menon, [translated by] Ramesh (2006). The Mahabharata : a modern rendering. New York: iUniverse, Inc. pp. 302–304. ISBN 9780595401871.  ^ Verma, retold by Virendra; Verma, Shanti (1989). The Mahābhārata : (the great epic of ancient India). New Delhi: Pitambar Pub. Co. p. 28. ISBN 9788120907324.  ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 1: Adi Parva: Subhadra-harana Parva: Section CCXXII". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ " Mahabharata
Mahabharata
Text".  ^ " Mahabharata
Mahabharata
Text".  ^ " Mahabharata
Mahabharata
Text".  ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 2: Sabha Parva: Jarasandhta-badha Parva: Section XXVII". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 3: Vana Parva: Kairata Parva: Section XXXVIII". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 3: Vana Parva: Indralokagamana Parva: Section XLIX". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 3: Vana Parva: Kairata Parva: Section XL". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 3: Vana Parva: Indralokagamana Parva: Section XLIV". Retrieved 3 August 2016.  ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 3: Vana Parva: Tirtha-yatra Parva: Section CLXXII". Retrieved 3 August 2016.  ^ Kapoor, edited by Subodh (2002). The Indian encyclopaedia : biographical, historical, religious, administrative, ethnological, commercial and scientific (1st ed.). New Delhi: Cosmo Publications. p. 4462. ISBN 9788177552577. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 4: Virata
Virata
Parva: Go-harana Parva: Section LXI". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 4: Virata
Virata
Parva: Go-harana Parva: Section LIV". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 7: Drona
Drona
Parva: Jayadratha-Vadha Parva: Section CXLIV". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ Kisori Mohan Ganguly translation of Mahabharat P-321 Drona
Drona
Parv, Chapter 146 ^ " Mahabharata
Mahabharata
Text".  ^ 108 Vaishnavite Divya Desams: Divya desams in Malai Nadu and Vada Nadu. M. S. Ramesh, Tirumalai-Tirupati Devasthanam. ^ "Chaubis Avtar".. 2018-01-15.  ^ Bowker, John (2000). "The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions". Oxford Reference. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780192800947.001.0001. (Subscription required (help)).  (subscription or UK public library membership required) ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 17: Mahaprasthanika Parva: Section 2". sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 23 March 2015.  ^ Ramachandrashastri, K.S (1936). Harivamsha. Pune: Chitrashala Press.  ^ S. Lewis, John (1996). Rain of iron and ice: the very real threat of comet and asteroid bombardment. Addison-Wesley Pub. Co. pp. 82–83.  ^ Lee, Ricky J. Law and regulation of commercial mining of minerals in outer space. Dordrecht: Springer. ISBN 9789400720398.  ^ de la Fuente Marcos, C.; de la Fuente Marcos, R. (12 February 2015). "Geometric characterization of the Arjuna
Arjuna
orbital domain". Astronomische Nachrichten. 336 (1): 5–22. arXiv:1410.4104 . Bibcode:2015AN....336....5D. doi:10.1002/asna.201412133.  ^ Gita on the Green: The Mystical Tradition Behind Bagger Vance – Steven Rosen – Google Boeken. Books.google.com. 2002-05-30. ISBN 9780826413659. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 

Bibliography

v t e

Mahabharata

Books (parvas)

Adi Sabha Vana Virata Udyoga Bhishma Drona Karna Shalya Sauptika Stri Shanti Anushasana Ashvamedhika Ashramavasika Mausala Mahaprasthanika Svargarohana Harivamsa

Kuru Kingdom

Shantanu Ganga Bhishma Satyavati Chitrāngada Vichitravirya Ambika Ambalika Vidura Dhritarashtra Gandhari Pandu Kunti Madri Pandavas

Yudhisthira Bhima Arjuna Nakula Sahadeva

Draupadi Kauravas

Duryodhana Dushasana Vikarna Yuyutsu Dushala

Hidimbi Ghatotkacha Ahilawati Subhadra Uttarā Ulupi Chitrāngadā Abhimanyu Iravan Babruvahana Barbarika Upapandavas Parikshit Janamejaya

Other characters

Amba Ashwatthama Balarama Bhagadatta Brihannala Chekitana Chitrasena Dhrishtadyumna Drona Drupada Durvasa Ekalavya Hidimba Jarasandha Jayadratha Kali (demon) Karna Kichaka Kindama Kripa Krishna Kritavarma Mayasura Sanjaya Satyaki Shakuni Shalya Shikhandi Shishupala Bahlika Sudeshna Uttara Kumara Virata Vrishasena Vyasa

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