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APAYAO (Ilocano : _Probinsya ti Apayao_, Filipino : _Lalawigan ng Apayao_) is a landlocked province in the Philippines
Philippines
in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon
Luzon
. Its capital town is Kabugao .

The province borders Cagayan to the north and east, Abra and Ilocos Norte to the west, and Kalinga to the south. Prior to 1995, Kalinga and Apayao
Apayao
comprised a single province named _ Kalinga-Apayao _, which was partitioned to better service the needs of individual ethnic groups.

With a population of 119,184 (as of the 2015 census) covering an area of 4,413.35 square kilometres (1,704.00 sq mi), Apayao
Apayao
is the least densely-populated province in the Philippines.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Spanish period * 1.2 American period * 1.3 World War II * 1.4 Kalinga-Apayao creation and splitting

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Climate

* 2.2 Administrative divisions

* 2.2.1 Barangays

* 3 Demographics * 4 Economy * 5 References * 6 External links

HISTORY

SPANISH PERIOD

Although Apayao, which was then part of Cagayan , was among the earliest areas penetrated by the Spaniards in the Cordilleras, the region, inhabited by the Isneg tribe, remained largely outside Spanish control until late in the 19th century. As early as 1610, the Dominican friars established a mission in what is now the town of Pudtol . In 1684, the friars again made attempts to convert the people and established a church in what is now Kabugao . Ruins of Pudtol Church, built in 1684 by the Dominicans and abandoned in 1815

The Spanish authorities were then able to establish in Cagayan the _comandancia_s of Apayao
Apayao
and Cabugaoan in 1891, which covered the western and eastern portions of what is now Apayao. The _comandancia_s, however, failed to bring total control and the Spanish government only maintained a loose hold over the area.

AMERICAN PERIOD

The Americans established the Mountain Province on August 13, 1908, with the enactment of _Act_ _No. 1876_. Apayao, along with Amburayan , Benguet , Bontoc, Ifugao , Kalinga , and Lepanto, became sub-provinces of this new province.

WORLD WAR II

_ THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (January 2015)_

In 1942, Japanese Imperial forces entered Apayao, starting a three-year occupation of the province during the Second World War . Local Filipino troops of the 1st, 2nd, 12th, 15th and 16th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and the military forces of the USAFIP-NL 11th and 66th Infantry Regiment, supported by the Cordilleran guerrillas, drove out the Japanese in 1945.

KALINGA-APAYAO CREATION AND SPLITTING

Main article: Kalinga-Apayao

On June 18, 1966, the huge Mountain Province was split into four provinces with the enactment of _ Republic Act No. 4695_. The four provinces were Benguet, Bontoc (renamed "Mountain Province"), Kalinga-Apayao and Ifugao. Kalinga-Apayao, along with Ifugao, became one of the provinces of the Cagayan Valley region in 1972.

On July 15, 1987, the Cordillera Administrative Region was established and Kalinga-Apayao was made one of its provinces.

Finally, on February 14, 1995, Kalinga-Apayao was split into two independent provinces with the passage of _ Republic Act No. 7878_.

GEOGRAPHY

Dibagat River in Kabugao

Apayao
Apayao
is basically situated within the Cordillera Central mountains, traversed by many rivers. The province covers an area of 4,413.35 square kilometres (1,704.00 sq mi) forming the northern tip of the Cordillera Administrative Region , and is bounded on the north and east by Cagayan , west by Ilocos Norte , southwest by Abra and south by Kalinga .

Plains and valleys are used for farming. Apayao
Apayao
is basically composed of farmlands.

CLIMATE

The prevailing climate in the province falls under Corona\'s Type III Classification . It is characterized by relatively dry and wet seasons, from November to April, and wet during the rest of the year. Heaviest rain occurs during December to February while the month of May is the warmest.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Apayao
Apayao
comprises 7 municipalities , all encompassed by a lone legislative district .

MUNICIPALITY  POPULATION ±% P.A. AREA DENSITY BRGY.

(2015) (2010)

KM2 SQ MI /KM2 /SQ MI

18°15′18″N 121°02′33″E / 18.2549°N 121.0426°E / 18.2549; 121.0426 (CALANASAN) Calanasan 7001106000000000000♠10.6% 12,604 11,568 +1.65% 1,256.15 485.00 10 26 18

17°47′48″N 121°19′23″E / 17.7966°N 121.3231°E / 17.7966; 121.3231 (CONNER) Conner 7001219000000000000♠21.9% 26,051 24,811 +0.93% 694.30 268.07 38 98 21

18°12′54″N 121°25′08″E / 18.2149°N 121.4189°E / 18.2149; 121.4189 (FLORA) Flora 7001146000000000000♠14.6% 17,391 16,743 +0.73% 324.40 125.25 54 140 16

18°01′22″N 121°11′03″E / 18.0229°N 121.1841°E / 18.0229; 121.1841 (KABUGAO) Kabugao † 7001130000000000000♠13.0% 15,537 16,170 −0.76% 935.12 361.05 17 44 21

18°19′52″N 121°22′22″E / 18.3312°N 121.3729°E / 18.3312; 121.3729 (LUNA) Luna 7001160000000000000♠16.0% 19,063 18,029 +1.07% 606.04 233.99 31 80 22

18°14′17″N 121°22′23″E / 18.2380°N 121.3731°E / 18.2380; 121.3731 (PUDTOL) Pudtol 7001125000000000000♠12.5% 14,925 13,305 +2.21% 401.02 154.83 37 96 22

18°17′14″N 121°26′04″E / 18.2872°N 121.4345°E / 18.2872; 121.4345 (SANTA MARCELA) Santa Marcela 7001114000000000000♠11.4% 13,613 12,010 +2.41% 196.32 75.80 69 180 13

TOTAL 119,184 112,636 +1.08% 4,413.35 1,704.00 27 70 133

†  Provincial capital  Municipality

* ^ The _globe_ icon marks the town center .

Pudtol Calanasan Conner Flora KABUGAO Luna Santa Marcela ABRA CAGAYAN ILOCOS NORTE South China Sea APAYAO

Barangays

The 7 municipalities of the province comprise a total of 133 barangays , with Barangay Malama in Conner as the most populous in 2015, and Eleazar in Calanasan as the least. Further information: List of barangays in Apayao

DEMOGRAPHICS

The population of Apayao
Apayao
in the 2015 census was 119,184 people, with a density of 27 inhabitants per square kilometre or 70 inhabitants per square mile.

Population census of Apayao
Apayao

YEAR POP. ±% P.A.

1990 74,720 —

1995 83,660 +2.14%

2000 97,129 +3.25%

2007 103,633 +0.90%

2010 112,636 +3.08%

2015 119,184 +1.08%

Source: National Statistics Office

POPULATION BY ETHNICITY (2000)

Ethnicity

Number

Ilocano   49,328 (7001508200000000000♠50.82%)

Isnag   29,071 (7001299500000000000♠29.95%)

Malaueg   3,580 (7000369000000000000♠3.69%)

Isneg   3,380 (7000348000000000000♠3.48%)

Kalinga   2,992 (7000308000000000000♠3.08%)

Kankanaey   1,208 (7000124000000000000♠1.24%)

Bontoc   1,014 (7000104000000000000♠1.04%)

Ibaloi   979 (7000101000000000000♠1.01%)

-------------------------

_Others_   4,931 (7000508000000000000♠5.08%)

_Not Reported_   575 (6999590000000000000♠0.59%)

Native Dibagat homes

Based on the 2000 census survey, Ilocanos comprised 49,328 (7001508200000000000♠50.82%) of the total provincial population of 97,058, while almost 1/3 of the population were Isnag at 29,071 (7001299500000000000♠29.95%). Other ethnic groups in the province were the Malaueg at 3,580 (7000369000000000000♠3.69%), Isneg at 3,380 (7000348000000000000♠3.48%), Kalinga at 2,992 (7000308000000000000♠3.08%), Kankanaey at 1,208 (7000124000000000000♠1.24%), Bontoc at 1,014 (7000104000000000000♠1.04%), and Ibaloi at 979 (7000101000000000000♠1.01%).

ECONOMY

Apayao
Apayao
is devoted to agricultural production, particularly food and industrial crops such as palay , corn , coffee , root crops and vegetables . Fruits produced include lanzones , citrus , bananas and pineapples , durian , santol , rambutan , coconut and mangosteen . Rice
Rice
production totaled 98,489 metric tons in 2011.

Economic activity is also based on livestock and poultry breeding such as swine, carabao, cattle, goat and sheep. Other additional investment includes manufacturing, food processing, furniture, crafts and house wares making.

Updated records of the Department of Trade and Industry Provincial Office reveal that existing industries in the province are furniture, garment craft, food processing, gifts and house wares, and agricultural support.

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ "List of Provinces". _PSGC Interactive_. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Census of Population (2015). _Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population_. PSA . Retrieved 20 June 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ "History". _Province of Cagayan (Official Website of the Provincial Government of Cagayan)_. Retrieved 18 January 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Benguet History". _Province of Benguet (official website)_. Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ "Historical Background". _Provincial Government of Apayao
Apayao
(official website)_. Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2015. * ^ Ingles, Raul Rafael (2008). _1908 :The Way it Really was : Historical Journal for the UP Centennial, 1908-2008_. Diliman, Quezon City: University of the Philippines
Philippines
Press . p. 330. ISBN 9715425801 . Retrieved 19 January 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; _de Guzman_, _Rey_ (_cartography_) (1995). "The Provinces". _Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces_ (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila: Tahanan Books. pp. 76, 86, 108. ISBN 971-630-037-9 . Retrieved 16 January 2015. * ^ "Regional Profile: Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". _CountrySTAT Philippines_. Archived from the original on 22 October 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2014. * ^ "The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". _Department of Agriculture_. Retrieved 18 September 2014. * ^ " Republic Act No. 7878 - An Act Converting the Sub-provinces of Kalinga and Apayao
Apayao
into Regular Provinces to be Known as the Province of Kalinga and the Province of Apayao, Amending for the Purpose Republic Act No. 4695". _Chan Robles Virtual Law Library_. Retrieved 18 January 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ "Province: Apayao". _PSGC Interactive_. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority
Philippine Statistics Authority
. Retrieved 8 January 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". _Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay_. PSA . Retrieved 20 June 2016. * ^ Census of Population and