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António Luís Santos da Costa GCIH (born 17 July 1961) is a Portuguese lawyer and politician serving as the 119th and current Prime Minister of Portugal
Prime Minister of Portugal
since 26 November 2015. Previously, he was Minister of Parliamentary Affairs from 1997 to 1999, Minister of Justice from 1999 to 2002, Minister of State and Internal Administration from 2005 to 2007, and Mayor of Lisbon
Lisbon
from 2007 to 2015. He was elected as Secretary-General of the Socialist Party in September 2014.[1]

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Political career

2.1 Mayor of Lisbon, 2007–2015 2.2 Candidate for Prime Minister, 2014–2015

3 Prime Minister of Portugal, 2015–present 4 Personal life 5 Recognition

5.1 Honorary citizenship 5.2 Civil awards and decorations

6 References 7 External links

Early life and education[edit] Costa was born in 1961 in São Sebastião da Pedreira, Lisbon, the son of writer Orlando da Costa.[2] His father was of Goan, Portuguese and French descent. His mother is Maria Antónia Palla, a Portuguese journalist and recognized feminist activist. In 1975, at the age of 14, he was already a member of the Socialist Youth. Costa graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon
Lisbon
in the 1980s, when he first entered politics and was elected as a Socialist deputy to the municipal council. He later practiced law briefly from 1988, before entering politics full-time.[3] Political career[edit] Costa's first role in a Socialist government was as Minister of Parliamentary Affairs under Prime Minister António Guterres
António Guterres
between 1997 and 1999. He was Minister of Justice from 1999 to 2002.[3] Costa was a Member of the European Parliament
Member of the European Parliament
for the Socialist Party (PES), heading the list for the 2004 European elections after the dramatic death of top candidate António de Sousa Franco. On 20 July 2004 he was elected as one of the 14 Vice-Presidents of the European Parliament. He also served on the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs. Costa resigned as an MEP on 11 March 2005 to become Minister of State and Internal Administration in the government of José Sócrates following the 2005 national elections. Mayor of Lisbon, 2007–2015[edit] António Costa
António Costa
resigned all government offices in May 2007 to become his party's candidate for the municipality of Lisbon, Portugal's capital city. He was elected as Lisbon's mayor on 15 July 2007 and reelected in 2009 and 2013, with a bigger majority each time. In April 2015 he resigned his duties as a mayor, while he was already the Secretary General of the Socialist Party and the party's candidate for Prime Minister, so that he could prepare his campaign for the October 2015 general elections.[4] Candidate for Prime Minister, 2014–2015[edit] In September 2014, the Socialist Party chose Costa as its candidate to be Prime Minister of Portugal
Prime Minister of Portugal
in the 2015 national elections; in a ballot to select the party's candidate, gaining nearly 70 percent of the votes, he defeated party leader António José Seguro, who announced his resignation after the result.[5] By April 2015, he stepped down as mayor to focus on his campaign.[6] During the campaign, Costa pledged to ease back on austerity and give more disposable income back to households.[7] He proposed to boost incomes, hiring and growth in order to cut the budget deficits while scrapping austerity measures and cutting taxes, asserting that would still allow deficits to reduce in line with the Euro convergence criteria.[8] Also, he pledged to roll back a hugely unpopular hike in value added tax on restaurants and reinstate some benefits for civil servants.[6] Prime Minister of Portugal, 2015–present[edit] On 4 October 2015, the conservative Portugal
Portugal
Ahead coalition that had ruled the country since 2011 came first in the elections winning 38,6% of the vote, while the Socialist Party came second with 32,3%. Passos Coelho was reappointed Prime Minister the following days, but António Costa formed an alliance with the other parties on the left (the Left Bloc, the Portuguese Communist Party
Portuguese Communist Party
and the Ecologist Party "The Greens"), which altogether constitute a majority in Parliament, and toppled the government on 10 November (the People–Animals–Nature party also voted in favour of the motion of rejection presented by the left alliance). After toppling the conservative government, Costa was chosen as the new Prime Minister of Portugal
Prime Minister of Portugal
by President Cavaco Silva on 24 November and assumed office on 26 November.[4][9] By March 2017, polls put support for Costa's Socialists at 42 percent, up 10 points from their share of the vote in the 2015 election and close to a level that would give them a majority in parliament were the country to vote again.[10] In the 2017 local elections, Costa further consolidated power in Portugal
Portugal
as his party captured a record haul of 158 town halls out of the country’s 308 cities and towns; nationwide, the Socialists’ vote share topped 38 percent, again up from their result in the 2015 parliamentary election.[11] During his tenure, Portugal
Portugal
experienced the deadliest wildfires ever, firstly in Pedrogão Grande in June 2017 (65 dead) and later across the country in October 2017 (41 dead).[12] In October 2017, the opposition People's Party (CDS) launched a motion of no-confidence in Costa’s government over its failure to prevent the loss of human lives in the lethal Iberian wildfires, the second such disaster in four months; the motion was largely symbolic as the minority Socialist government continued to be backed in parliament by two left-wing parties.[13] Personal life[edit] António Costa's paternal grandfather, Luís Afonso Maria da Costa, was a Goan Catholic and his father was the writer and poet Orlando da Costa. He also has French descent through his father. His mother is the writer Maria Antónia Palla. His half-brother by his father's second marriage is the journalist Ricardo Costa. In 1987, Costa married Fernanda Maria Gonçalves Tadeu, a teacher.[3] The couple have a son and a daughter. Costa is an avid Benfica fan,[14][15] being a frequent attendant to the games as Lisbon
Lisbon
mayor, as opposed to Sporting Lisbon's. He also accompanied Benfica to both Europa League finals, in 2013 and 2014. Recognition[edit] Honorary citizenship[edit] Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi
presented the Overseas Citizen of India card to Costa and described him as the best of the Indian diaspora across the world. Civil awards and decorations[edit]

Grand-Cross of the Order of Prince Henry, Portugal
Portugal
(1 March 2006)[16] Grand-Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of Merit, Norway
Norway
(25 September 2009)[17] Third Class of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, Estonia
Estonia
(16 July 2010)[17] Grand-Cross of the Order for Merits to Lithuania, Lithuania
Lithuania
(16 July 2010)[17] Grand-Cross of the Order of Merit, Chile
Chile
(31 August 2010)[17] Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Gregory the Great, Holy See
Holy See
(3 September 2010)[17] Grand-Cross of the Order pro merito Melitensi, Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Malta
(23 November 2010)[17] Commander's Cross with Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta, Poland (18 July 2012)[17] Commander of the Order of Rio Branco, Brazil
Brazil
(19 May 2014)[17] Second Class (Grand-Cross) of the Order of the Sacred Treasure, Japan (16 February 2015)[17] Commander's Cross with Star of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland, Poland
Poland
(16 February 2015)[17] Grand-Cross of the Order of Charles III, Spain
Spain
(25 November 2016)[18] Grand-Cross of the Order of Honour, Greece
Greece
(21 April 2017)[17]

References[edit]

^ António Costa's Biography on the Portuguese Government's official webpage. ^ Then Came A Gandhi, outlookindia.com, retrieved 10 September 2015 ^ a b c Axel Bugge (October 4, 2015), Portuguese Socialist leader Costa candidate for PM Reuters. ^ a b Agence France-Presse
Agence France-Presse
(25 November 2015), Portugal
Portugal
gets Antonio Costa as new PM after election winner only lasted 11 days The Guardian. ^ Andrei Khalip (September 28, 2014), Portugal
Portugal
opposition Socialists choose mayor of Lisbon
Lisbon
as candidate for PM in next year's election Reuters. ^ a b Axel Bugge (April 1, 2015), Lisbon
Lisbon
Socialist mayor steps down to campaign for Portugal
Portugal
PM Reuters. ^ Axel Bugge (September 18, 2015), Portugal
Portugal
election race still in dead heat, no majority win: poll Reuters. ^ Andrei Khalip (September 17, 2015), Portuguese PM and Socialist opponent clash over austerity as election nears Reuters. ^ Patricia Kowsmann and Matt Moffett (November 24, 2015). "Socialist Leader
Leader
António Costa
António Costa
Is Named as Portugal's Prime Minister". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 24, 2015.  ^ Axel Bugge (March 31, 2017), As Europe left struggles, Portugal's alliance wins over voters and Brussels Reuters. ^ Paul Ames (October 2, 2017), Portugal’s Socialists toast ‘biggest ever’ election win Politico Europe. ^ " Portugal
Portugal
and Spain
Spain
wildfires: Dozens dead and injured". BBC. Retrieved 16 October 2017.  ^ Axel Bugge and Andrei Khalip (October 17, 2017), Portugal's government faces no-confidence vote over forest fires Reuters. ^ http://www.dn.pt/desporto/futebol-nacional/interior/antonio-costa-espera-derbi-com-golos-e-espetaculo-3390523.html ^ http://static.globalnoticias.pt/Storage/JN/2013/big/ng2323608.jpg ^ "Cidadãos Nacionais Agraciados com Ordens Portuguesas". Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas. Retrieved 13 July 2016.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Cidadãos Nacionais Agraciados com Ordens Estrangeiras". Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas. Retrieved 31 July 2017.  ^ Presidencia del Gobierno: "Real Decreto 577/2016, de 25 de noviembre, por el que se concede la Gran Cruz de la Real y Distinguida Orden Española de Carlos III al Excelentísimo Señor Antonio Luis Santos da Costa, Primer Ministro de la República Portuguesa" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado
Boletín Oficial del Estado
núm. 286, de 26 de noviembre de 2016 (in Spanish): 82949. ISSN 0212-033X. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to António Costa.

Biography in the Portuguese Government site

Offices and distinctions

Government offices

Preceded by Luís Filipe Menezes Deputy Secretary of State for Parliamentary Affairs 1995–1997 Succeeded by José Magalhães

Preceded by Manuel Dias Loureiro Minister of Parliamentary Affairs 1997–1999 Succeeded by Luís Marques Mendes

Preceded by José Vera Jardim Minister of Justice 1999–2002 Succeeded by Celeste Cardona

Preceded by Daniel Sanches Minister of State Minister of the Internal Administration 2005–2007 Succeeded by Rui Pereira

Political offices

Preceded by Marina Ferreira Acting Mayor of Lisbon 2007–2015 Succeeded by Fernando Medina

Preceded by Pedro Passos Coelho Prime Minister of Portugal 2015–present Incumbent

Party political offices

Preceded by Maria de Belém Roseira Acting Secretary-General of the Socialist Party 2014–present Incumbent

Articles related to António Costa

v t e

Prime Ministers of the Portuguese Republic

First Republic

Braga Pinheiro Chagas (1st) Vasconcelos Leite Costa (1st) Machado (1st) Azevedo Coutinho Pimenta de Castro Constitutional Junta Pinheiro Chagas (2nd) J. Castro Costa (2nd) Almeida Costa (3rd) Pais Canto e Castro Tamagnini Barbosa Relvas Leite Pereira (1st) Sá Cardoso (1st) Fernandes Costa Sá Cardoso (2nd) Leite Pereira (2nd) Baptista Ramos Preto Silva (1st) Granjo (1st) A. Castro (1st) Pinto Machado (2nd) Barros Queirós Granjo (2nd) Coelho Maia Pinto Cunha Leal Silva (2nd) Ginestal Machado A. Castro (2nd) Rodrigues Gaspar Domingues dos Santos Guimarães Silva (3rd) Leite Pereira (3rd) Silva (4th)

Second Republic

Mendes Cabeçadas Gomes da Costa Carmona Freitas Ivens Ferraz Oliveira Oliveira Salazar Caetano

Third Republic

National Salvation Junta Palma Carlos Gonçalves Pinheiro de Azevedo Almeida e Costa Soares (1st) Nobre da Costa Mota Pinto Pintasilgo Sá Carneiro Freitas do Amaral Pinto Balsemão Soares (2nd) Cavaco Silva Guterres Durão Barroso Santana Lopes Sócrates Passos Coelho Costa

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21st Constitutional Government of Portugal

Prime Minister

António Costa

Ministers

Foreign Affairs

Augusto Santos Silva
Augusto Santos Silva
(2015–)

Presidency and Administrative Modernisation

Maria Manuel Leitão Marques (2015–)

Finance

Mário Centeno
Mário Centeno
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National Defence

José Alberto Azeredo Lopes (2015–)

Internal Administration

Constança Urbano de Sousa
Constança Urbano de Sousa
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Francisca Van Dunem
Francisca Van Dunem
(2015–)

Adjunct Minister

Eduardo Cabrita
Eduardo Cabrita
(2015–)

Culture

João Soares (2015–2016) Luís Filipe Castro Mendes (2016–)

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Manuel Heitor (2015–)

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Tiago Brandão Rodrigues (2015–)

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José António Vieira da Silva
José António Vieira da Silva
(2015–)

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Adalberto Campos Fernandes (2015–)

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Pedro Marques (2015–)

Economy

Manuel Caldeira Cabral (2015–)

Environment

João Pedro Matos Fernandes (2015–)

Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Development

Luís Capoulas Santos
Luís Capoulas Santos
(2015–)

Sea

Ana Paula Vitorino (2015–)

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Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
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President of the Assembly of the Republic

Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues

Prime Minister

António Costa

President of the Constitutional Court

Joaquim Sousa Ribeiro

Provider of Justice (Ombudsman)

Alfredo José de Sousa

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 99157515 LCCN: n2012049726 ISNI: 0000 0000 6859 3683 GND: 105602845

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