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Clara Lou "Ann" Sheridan (February 21, 1915 – January 21, 1967) was an American actress and singer. She worked regularly from 1934 to her death in 1967, first in film and later in television. Notable roles include Angels with Dirty Faces
Angels with Dirty Faces
(1938), The Man Who Came to Dinner (1942), Kings Row
Kings Row
(1942), Nora Prentiss
Nora Prentiss
(1947) and I Was a Male War Bride (1949).

Contents

1 Life and career

1.1 Paramount 1.2 Warner Brothers 1.3 B picture stardom 1.4 A pictures 1.5 Oomph girl 1.6 Stardom 1.7 Freelance star 1.8 Universal 1.9 Later career

2 Marriages and relationships 3 Death 4 Filmography 5 Radio appearances 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Life and career[edit] Born in Denton, Texas
Denton, Texas
on February 21, 1915, Sheridan was the daughter of G. W. Sheridan and Lula Stewart Warren Sheridan. She said that her father was a great-great-nephew of Civil War Union general Philip Sheridan.[1] She had a sister, Pauline.[2] She was active in dramatics at Denton High School and at North Texas State Teachers College. She also sang with the college's stage band.[3] In 1932, she was a student at North Texas State Teachers College when her sister sent a photograph of her to Paramount Pictures. She subsequently entered and won a beauty contest, with part of her prize being a bit part in a Paramount film, The Search for Beauty.[4] She left college to pursue a career in Hollywood. Paramount[edit] After making her film début in 1934, aged 19, in Search for Beauty, she played uncredited bit parts in Paramount films for the next two years, starting at $75 a week.[5] A December 2, 1934, story in The Sandusky Register referred to Ann Sheridan "who is still under contract to Paramount."[6] A December 25, 1934, news story in The Emporia Gazette said, "Born Clara Lou Sheridan, she was 'changed' by studio bosses to plain Lou Sheridan, but ere long they had decided on Ann.")[7] She can be glimpsed in Bolero (1934), Come On Marines!
Come On Marines!
(1934) (billed as "Clara Lou Sheridan"), Murder at the Vanities (1934), Shoot the Works (1934), Kiss and Make-Up
Kiss and Make-Up
(1934), The Notorious Sophie Lang (1934), College Rhythm (1934) (directed by Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
who Sheridan admired), Ladies Should Listen
Ladies Should Listen
(1934), You Belong to Me (1934), Wagon Wheels (1934), The Lemon Drop Kid (1934), Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch (1934), Ready for Love (1934), Limehouse Blues (1934), One Hour Late (1934). Sheridan worked with Paramount's drama coach Nina Mouise and would perform plays on the lot with fellow contractees, including The Milky Way and The Pursuit of Happiness. When she did The Milky Way she played a character called Ann and the Paramount front office decided to change her name to "Ann".[8] Sheridan had a part in Behold My Wife! (1934) which she got at the behest of director Mitchell Leisen, who was a friend. She had two good scenes, one in which her character had to commit suicide. Sheridan attributed this role to Paramount keeping her for two years.[9] She followed it with Enter Madame (1935), Home on the Range (1935), and Rumba (1935). Sheridan's first lead came in Car 99 (1935) with Fred MacMurray. She was in Rocky Mountain Mystery
Rocky Mountain Mystery
(1935), a Randolph Scott
Randolph Scott
Western. "No acting, it was just playing the lead, that's all," she later said.[9] Then she was in Mississippi (1935), The Glass Key (1935), and The Crusades (1935), having one line. Paramount loaned her out to Talisman, a small production company, to makeThe Red Blood of Courage (1935). After this Paramount declined to take up her option. Warner Brothers[edit] Sheridan did one film at Universal, Fighting Youth (1935), then signed a contract with Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
in 1936, and changing her name to Ann Sheridan.[citation needed] (An Associated Press news story on September 27, 1934, reported that she "had her name bobbed and her career lengthened simultaneously," with her new screen name being Lou Sheridan.[10]

Sheridan and James Cagney
James Cagney
in Angels with Dirty Faces
Angels with Dirty Faces
(1938)

B picture stardom[edit] Sheridan's career prospects began to improve. Her early films for Warners included Sing Me a Love Song (1936); Black Legion (1937) with Humphrey Bogart; The Great O'Malley
The Great O'Malley
(1937) with Pat O'Brien and Bogart; San Quentin (1937), with O'Brien and Bogart, singing for the first time in a film; Wine, Women and Horses
Wine, Women and Horses
(1937) with Barton MacLane. Sheridan moved into B picture leads: The Footloose Heiress
The Footloose Heiress
(1937); Alcatraz Island (1937) with John Litel; and She Loved a Fireman (1937) with Dick Foran
Dick Foran
for director John Farrow. She was a lead in The Patient in Room 18 (1937) and its sequel Mystery House (1938). Sheridan was in Little Miss Thoroughbred (1938) with Litel for Farrow and supported Dick Powell
Dick Powell
in Cowboy from Brooklyn
Cowboy from Brooklyn
(1938). Universal borrowed her for a support role in Letter of Introduction (1938) at the behest of director John Stahl. For Farrow she was in Broadway Musketeers (1938), a remake of Three on a Match
Three on a Match
(1932). A pictures[edit] Sheridan's notices in Letter of Introduction impressed Warners executives. "Oomph" was described as "a certain indefinable something that commands male interest."[11] and she began to get roles in A pictures, starting with Angels with Dirty Faces
Angels with Dirty Faces
(1938), where she played James Cagney's love interest; Bogart, O'Brien and the Dead End Kids had support roles. The film was a big hit and critically acclaimed. Sheridan was reunited with the Dead End Kids
Dead End Kids
in They Made Me a Criminal (1938), starring John Garfield. She was third billed in the Western Dodge City (1939), playing a saloon owner opposite Errol Flynn and Olivia de Havilland. The film was another notable success. Oomph girl[edit] In March 1939 Warners announced Sheridan had been voted by a committee of 25 men as the female actor with the most "oomph" in America.[12] She received as many as 250 marriage proposals from fans in a single week.[13] Tagged "The Oomph Girl"—a sobriquet which she reportedly loathed[14][15][16]—Sheridan was a popular pin-up girl in the early 1940s. (On the other hand, a February 25, 1940, news story distributed by the Associated Press reported that Sheridan no longer "bemoaned the 'oomph' tag."[17] She continued, "But I'm sorry now. I know if it hadn't been for 'oomph' I'd probably still be in the chorus.")[17] Stardom[edit] Sheridan co-starred with Dick Powell
Dick Powell
in Naughty but Nice (1939) and played a wacky heiress in Winter Carnival (1939). She was top billed in Indianapolis Speedway (1939) with O'Brien, and The Angels Wash Their Faces
The Angels Wash Their Faces
(1939) with O'Brien, the Dead End Kids
Dead End Kids
and Ronald Reagan. Castle on the Hudson
Castle on the Hudson
(1940) put her opposite Garfield and O'Brien. Sheridan's first real starring vehicle was It All Came True
It All Came True
(1940), a musical comedy co starring Bogart and Jeffrey Lynn. She introduced the song "Angel in Disguise". Sheridan and Cagney were reunited in Torrid Zone
Torrid Zone
(1940) with O'Brien in support. She was with George Raft, Bogart and Ida Lupino
Ida Lupino
in They Drive by Night (1940), a trucking melodrama. Sheridan was back with Cagney for City for Conquest
City for Conquest
(1941) then made a comedy with George Brent Honeymoon for Three (1941). Sheridan did two lighter films: Navy Blues (1941), a musical comedy; and The Man Who Came to Dinner (1941), playing a character modelled on Gertrude Lawrence. She then made Kings Row
Kings Row
(1942), in which she received top billing playing opposite Ronald Reagan, Robert Cummings, and Betty Field. It was a huge success and one of Sheridan's most memorable films. Sheridan and Reagan were reunited for Juke Girl
Juke Girl
(1942) . She was in the war film Wings for the Eagle
Wings for the Eagle
(1942) and made a comedy with Jack Benny, George Washington Slept Here
George Washington Slept Here
(1943). She played a Norwegian resistance fighter in Edge of Darkness (1943) with Errol Flynn, and was one of the many Warners stars who had cameos in Thank Your Lucky Stars (1943). She was the heroine of a novel, Ann Sheridan
Ann Sheridan
and the Sign of the Sphinx, written by Kathryn Heisenfelt, published by Whitman Publishing Company in 1943. While the heroine of the story was identified as a famous actress, the stories were entirely fictitious. The story was probably written for a young teenage audience and is reminiscent of the adventures of Nancy Drew. It is part of a series known as "Whitman Authorized Editions", 16 books published between 1941 and 1947 that always featured a film actress as heroine.[18] Sheridan was given the lead in the musical Shine On, Harvest Moon (1944), playing Nora Bayes, opposite Dennis Morgan.[19] She was in a comedy The Doughgirls (1944). Sheridan was absent from screens for over a year before returning in One More Tomorrow (1946) with Morgan. She had an excellent role in the noir Nora Prentiss
Nora Prentiss
(1947), which was a hit. It was followed by The Unfaithful (1948), a popular remake of The Letter, and Silver River (1948), a Western melodrama with Errol Flynn. She then left Warners. Freelance star[edit] Sheridan supported Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
in Good Sam
Good Sam
(1948). Her role in I Was a Male War Bride (1949), directed by Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
and co-starring Cary Grant, gave her another success. In 1950, she appeared on the ABC musical television series Stop the Music. She made Stella (1950), a comedy with Victor Mature
Victor Mature
at Fox. She announced she wanted to produce a film, Second Lady based on a story by Eleanor Griffin.[20] Universal[edit] Sheridan made Woman on the Run
Woman on the Run
(1950), a noir, which she did produce. It was distributed by Universal and Sheridan signed a contract with that studio. While there she made Steel Town (1952); Just Across the Street (1952), a comedy; Take Me to Town (1953), a comedy directed by Douglas Sirk. Later career[edit] Sheridan supported Glenn Ford in Appointment in Honduras
Appointment in Honduras
(1953). She appeared opposite Steve Cochran
Steve Cochran
in Come Next Spring
Come Next Spring
(1956) and was one of several stars in MGM's The Opposite Sex
The Opposite Sex
(1956). She did stage tours of Kind Sir (1958) and Odd Man In (1959), and in The Time of Your Life at the Brussels World Fair in 1958. In all three shows she acted with Scott McKay, whom she later married. In 1962 she played the lead in "The Mavis Grant Story" on the Western series Wagon Train. In the middle 1960s, Sheridan appeared on the NBC
NBC
soap opera Another World. Her final work was a TV series of her own in the mid-1960s, a comedy Western entitled Pistols 'n' Petticoats, which was filmed during the year before her death and was broadcast on CBS on Saturday nights.[21] The 19th episode of the series, "Beware the Hangman", aired, as scheduled, on the same day that she died.[22] For her contributions to the motion picture industry, Ann Sheridan
Ann Sheridan
has a star on the Hollywood Walk Of Fame at 7024 Hollywood Boulevard. Marriages and relationships[edit] Sheridan married actor Edward Norris
Edward Norris
August 16, 1936, in Ensenada, Mexico.[23] They separated a year later and divorced in 1939. On January 5, 1942 she married fellow Warner Brothers
Warner Brothers
star George Brent who co-starred with her in Honeymoon for Three (1941). They divorced exactly one year later. Following her divorce from George Brent
George Brent
she had a long term relationship with publicist Steve Hannagan, that lasted until his death in 1953. Hannagan’s estate bequeathed Ms. Sheridan $218,399 ($2,000,000 in current dollars) .[24] On June 5, 1966 she married actor Scott McKay who was with her when she died, six months later.[25] Death[edit] In 1966 Sheridan began starring in a new television series, a Western themed comedy called Pistols 'n' Petticoats. She became ill during the filming and died of esophageal and liver cancer at age 51 on January 21, 1967 in Los Angeles. She was cremated and her ashes were stored at the Chapel of the Pines Crematory in Los Angeles until they were interred in a niche in the Chapel Columbarium at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery in 2005.[26] Filmography[edit]

Search for Beauty
Search for Beauty
(1934) Bolero (1934) Come on Marines
Come on Marines
(1934) Murder at the Vanities (1934) Shoot the Works (1934) Kiss and Make Up (1934) The Notorious Sophie Lang (1934) Ladies Should Listen
Ladies Should Listen
(1934) You Belong to Me (1934) Wagon Wheels (1934) The Lemon Drop Kid (1934) Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch (1934) Ready for Love (1934) Star Night at the Cocoanut Grove (1934) (short subject) Behold My Wife (1934) Limehouse Blues (1934) Enter Madame (1935) One Hour Late (1935) Home on the Range (1935) Rumba (1935) Car 99 (1935) Rocky Mountain Mystery
Rocky Mountain Mystery
(1935) Mississippi (1935) The Red Blood of Courage (1935) The Glass Key (1935) The Crusades (1935) Hollywood Extra Girl (1935) (short subject) Fighting Youth (1935) Sing Me a Love Song (1937) (scenes deleted) Black Legion (1937) as Betty Grogan The Great O'Malley
The Great O'Malley
(1937) San Quentin (1937) Wine, Women and Horses
Wine, Women and Horses
(1937) The Footloose Heiress
The Footloose Heiress
(1937) Alcatraz Island (1937) She Loved a Fireman (1937) The Patient in Room 18 (1938) "Out Where the Stars Begin" (1938) (short subject) Mystery House (1938) Little Miss Thoroughbred (1938) Cowboy from Brooklyn
Cowboy from Brooklyn
(1938) Letter of Introduction (1938) Broadway Musketeers (1938) Angels with Dirty Faces
Angels with Dirty Faces
(1938) They Made Me a Criminal
They Made Me a Criminal
(1939) Dodge City (1939) Naughty but Nice (1939) Winter Carnival (1939) Indianapolis Speedway (1939) The Angels Wash Their Faces
The Angels Wash Their Faces
(1939) Castle on the Hudson
Castle on the Hudson
(1940) It All Came True
It All Came True
(1940) as Sarah Jane Ryan Torrid Zone
Torrid Zone
(1940) They Drive by Night
They Drive by Night
(1940) as Cassie Hartley City for Conquest
City for Conquest
(1940) Honeymoon for Three (1941) Navy Blues (1941) The Man Who Came to Dinner (1942) as Lorraine Sheldon Kings Row
Kings Row
(1942) Juke Girl
Juke Girl
(1942) Wings for the Eagle
Wings for the Eagle
(1942) George Washington Slept Here
George Washington Slept Here
(1942) Edge of Darkness (1943) Thank Your Lucky Stars (1943) Shine On, Harvest Moon (1944) The Doughgirls (1944) One More Tomorrow (1946) Nora Prentiss
Nora Prentiss
(1947) The Unfaithful
The Unfaithful
(1947) Silver River (1948) Good Sam
Good Sam
(1948) I Was a Male War Bride
I Was a Male War Bride
(1949) Stella (1950) Woman on the Run
Woman on the Run
(1950) (also co-producer) Steel Town (1952) Just Across the Street (1952) Take Me to Town (1953) Appointment in Honduras
Appointment in Honduras
(1953) Come Next Spring
Come Next Spring
(1956) The Opposite Sex
The Opposite Sex
(1956) Woman and the Hunter (1957) The Far Out West (1967)

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source

1943 Screen Guild Players Love Is News[27]

1952 Stars in the Air Good Sam[28]

See also[edit]

Biography portal

References[edit]

^ " Ann Sheridan
Ann Sheridan
Is Still a Favorite After Years as a Successful Star". Albuquerque Journal. New Mexico, Albuquerque. March 30, 1952. p. 29. Retrieved June 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "Miss Pauline Sheridan Weds in Oklahoma". Denton Record-Chronicle. Texas, Denton. March 27, 1931. p. 5. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "Miss Sheridan Is Winner in Screen Contest". Denton Record-Chronicle. Texas, Denton. July 19, 1933. p. 8. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "Denton Girl Wins World Contest; to be Given Part in Paramount Movie". Denton Record-Chronicle. Texas, Denton. September 9, 1933. p. 1. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ Ann sheridan, film star, dies. (1967, Jan 22). Chicago Tribune (1963-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/179108425?accountid=13902 ^ " Ann Sheridan
Ann Sheridan
Gets First Leading Role". The Sandusky Register. Ohio, Sandusky. December 2, 1934. p. 2. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "Hollywood Notebook". The Emporia Gazette. Kansas, Emporia. December 25, 1934. p. 12. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ Hagen p 171 ^ a b Hagen p 172 ^ "Texas Girl Is Given Lengthy Film Contract". The Brownsville Herald. Texas, Brownsville. Associated Press. September 27, 1934. p. 9. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ Sullivan, E. (1939, Aug 27). Looking at hollywood with ed sullivan. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/175373270?accountid=13902 ^ Ann sheridan voted leading 'oomph' girl by jury of 25 men. (1939, Mar 18). Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/175248402?accountid=13902 ^ "Everybody Wants to Marry Annie", AP, May 25, 1941. Accessed June 2, 2009. ^ "Ann Sheridan, Actress, Born Clara Lou Sheridan on Feb. 21, 1915 in Denton, TX, Died Jan. 21, 1967 of cancer in Los Angeles, CA", by Paul Houston, Los Angeles Times, January 22, 1967 ^ "When a Woman Could Be an Oomph Girl", by Art Rogoff, The New York Times, September 12, 1988. ^ "The Oomph Girl", Classic Cinema Gold, February 21, 2012 ^ a b "'Oomph Girl' Is Happy Now". The Ogden Standard-Examiner. Utah, Ogden. Associated Press. February 25, 1940. p. 11. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ Whitman Authorized Editions for Girls ^ WILKINSON, L. A. (1944, Feb 06). NOTHING BUT OOMPH? Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/165486550?accountid=13902 ^ Scheuer, P. K. (1949, May 22). Ann sheridan to risk oomph on own movie. Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
(1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/165925096?accountid=13902 ^ Humphrey, H. (1967, Jan 22). Ann sheridan hits the mark with pistols it's about time tries a new format. Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
(1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/155643644?accountid=13902 ^ "Pistols and Petticoats", in Single Season Sitcoms, 1948-1979: A Complete Guide, by Bob Leszczak (McFarland, 2012) p155 ^ " Ann Sheridan
Ann Sheridan
and Edward Norris
Edward Norris
Wed". Denton Record-Chronicle. Texas, Denton. August 31, 1936. p. 4. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ May 7, 1956; Stephen J Hannagan Will; File
File
No. P 440/1953; Surrogates Court in the County of New York; Hall of Records. ^ " Ann Sheridan
Ann Sheridan
Biography". Remembering Ann Sheridan. Retrieved 23 December 2016.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-02-09. Retrieved 2006-02-19.  ^ "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (1): 32–41. Winter 2013.  ^ Kirby, Walter (March 9, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 42. Retrieved May 23, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 

External links[edit]

Digital scrapbook filled with news clippings related to the career of Ann Sheridan, housed at the University of North Texas.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ann Sheridan.

Ann Sheridan
Ann Sheridan
on IMDb Ann Sheridan
Ann Sheridan
at the TCM Movie Database Ann Sheridan
Ann Sheridan
at AllMovie Ann Sheridan
Ann Sheridan
at Find a Grave Interview with Ann Sheridan
Ann Sheridan
biographer Photographs and literature

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 29719378 LCCN: n85199186 ISNI: 0000 0000 5935 9027 GND: 120015684 SUDOC: 083585125 BNF: cb138997347 (data) BIBSYS: 6020398 BNE: XX1547

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